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not otherwise known to any Body, than that he was an Italian, whose Habit of Life was very penitential; for he wore only a loose Garment of Sackcloth next his Skin, went bare-footed, fed poorly, and lay on the Ground. This Man, for some Time, ran about the Streets of Rome Day and Night, calling upon the People to amend their Lives, For the Wrath of God (said he) was coming upon that City. This he repeated in all Places, which at last gave so much Offence, that he was cast into Prison, but to no Purpose ;
; for, as soon as he got his Liberty, he continued in the same Tone, till the City was taken and plundered.
The King of France was greatly concerned at the taking of the Pope; but, when he heard of the Death of the Duke of Bourbon, it abated his Grief, whom the Parliament of Paris, on the 27th of July, declared guilty of High Treason, confiscated his Estate, and ordered his Arms to be erazed out in all Places. Leyva de- Whilst Rome was thus brought to Pe
nance, Anthony de Leyva was not idle in the Sforza's Projects.
Milanese ; for, understanding that Duke
Sforza, with his own and some Venetian Troops, intended to possess himself of Malignano, which is but ten Miles from Milan, he marched out, with what Troops he could muster, for that Place ; which the Duke perceiving, he quitted his Design. After this Leyva, having had Intelligence, that James de Medicis lay at Casal, twelve Miles from Milan, he marched with so much Secrecy, that he surprized him at Break-of-day, stormed the Place, and took or killed most ohis Men, and then returned to Milan.
The News of the Pope's Captivity made the French more vigorous to support their Interest in Italy than The French before, and for that Purpose Francis made and Veni- a new Treaty with the Venetians, wherein was stipulated, “ That each of the con
, " into a Trea
tracting Parties should bring 10,000 ty against the Empe
“ Men into the Field, and raise 10,000 “ Switzers at their common Charge."
The Venetians desired nothing more than to be supported by France, since they dreaded, that the Army which had facked Rome would be employed against them ; and very likely that would have been the Cafe, if Moncada, who commanded in Naples upon Lanoy's Death, had exerted all his Strength, since the Venetians were the only Enemies the Emperor had to fear in Italy. But, happily for them, the Imperial Troops was wholly intent upon the Plunder of Rome, without a Thought of any other Undertaking; besides, the Plague had carried off two Thirds of the Soldiers; and the Remainder leaving Rome had dispersed themselves in the Country. After which, having facked two Towns, and extorted Money from Spoleto, the Germans parted from the Spaniards, and what remained returned to Rome. This Diforder in the Army, which ill obeyed the Prince of Orange, their General, caused them to neglect the improving their Victory for the Emperor's Advantage, and gave Francis Time to send Troops into thofe Parts.
This Prince gave the Command of the The French Army to Marshal Lautrec, who as soon as send an Arhe arrived was declared General to the
ly. League ; and the Marquis of Saluzzo at the Head of the Italians, according to the Directions he had received, immediately joined him, as did likewise the Switzers soon after.
During these different Transactions Do- Genoa reduria (who had quitted the Pope's Service, entered into that of the French, and took upon himself the Command of their Gallies, to which he had joined eight of his own) found an Opportunity of reducing the City of Genoa under the French King's Obedience.
The Marshal, as soon as he had assembled his whole Army, which consisted of 25,000 Men, proceeded to Action, and took Alexandria and Pavia. Upon this Sforza and the Venetians recovered their palled Spi
my into Ita.
ced under French Goa vernment.
rits, and, as the Emperor had but few Forces in the Milanese, they earnestly pressed Lautrec to besiege Milan; which he refused, having before received positive Orders to march towards Naples, and accordingly set out; however he proceeded with such Slowness and unnecessary Delays, that it was evident he had private Directions not to make too much hafte: And, it must be acknowledged, this was the Time Francis expected the Emperor's final Answer to fome Propositions that had been made to him for putting an End to the War. Lautrec in his March made a considerable Stay at Parma and Placentia, which had opened their Gates to him ; and whilst he was there the Duke of Ferrara declared for France, upon two Considerations, 1. That Lautrec could easily have ravaged his Country in his March. 2. Francis offered to give to Hercules, the Duke's Son, Reneé of France, second Daughter of Lewis XII. in Marriage.
The Duke of Mantua, presently after, followed the Duke of Ferrara's Example, but, as the Winter was now far advanced, Lautrec took up his Quarters, for that Seafon, in the Bolognese. Affairs of
The latter End of last Year the EmpeSpain, &c. ror set out for Granada, and was a long
1527. Time on his Journey, by reason of the Badness of the Weather, and the Empress's being with Child: But at length he arrived at Valladolid, with his whole Court, on the 14th of January, though the Floods were so prodigious in the Roads from Andalusia to Old Caftile, that the like had not been seen in Spain within the Memory of Man.
On Tuesday, the 21st Day of May, the Empress was delivered of a Son at Valladolid, afterwards famous by the Name of Philip the IId, King of Spain. The Emperor, when the Infant was brought to him, said, God make you a good Christian ; I beg of God that he give you bis Grace; may it please him to enlighten your UnderBanding, that you may know how to guvern the Kingdoms
you are to inberit : And then went on foot, though it rained, to St. Paul's Church, to give Thanks to the Almighty.
Against the 5th of June, when the Prince was to be baptized, there was a Gallery built, reaching, from the Stairs-foot of the House where the Empress lay, to the High Altar of St. Paul's Church, and most richly adorned with Flowers, Trees, Pictures, Plate, and several triumphal Arches, in which were Concerts of Musick. All the Nobility then at Court attended the Christening of the young Infant, as did also Eleanor, Queen of France ; the Ceremony of which was performed by the Archbishop of Toledo, alfifted by the Bishops of Osma and Placentia. After this was ended, one of the Kings at Arms proclaimed his Titles to the People in this Manner ; Hear! Hear! Hear! Philip, by the Grace of God, Prince of Castile, &c. On the Thursday following there was à Sport used in Spain by the Gentry, representing a Skirmish with Lances instead of Spears, all richly accoutered, well mounted, and in bright Armour and a Bull-feast, in which several of these Cattle were
When the Empress was churched the publick Rejoycings were renewed; but soon after, Valladolid and the Country about growing sickly, the Court removed to Placentia, where we shall for the present leave them with only observing, that before the Emperor quitted Valladolid, he was pleased to return an Answer to the Proposal that had been made by King Francis to Lanoy, the late Vice-roy of Naples, when he attended him in France ; in which he declared, “That “ he accepted of the Offers the French King had made
to his Minister;” tho'couched in such Terms, as the Spanish Writers say, that shewed Francis rather gave than received Laws from Charles, and seemed much to endeavour at obviating all possible Cavi!s ;
for, as to most other Matters that were depending between them, he was willing to stand to the King of England's Determination; which, as Rapin insinuates, was the same Thing as to depart from his Demands : But the Point relating to the restoring the Duke of Milan he could not bear the Thoughts of. However, the Spanish Writers affirm, “That, if " that had been the only Obstacle to Peace, the
Emperor would have foon removed it, since he “ had before fixed on a Way to come off with “ Honour, by causing Sforza, Duke of Milan, to be “ declared innocent, in the Manner he had proposed “ to the Pope."
The Emperor's Answer would have been highly acceptable to Francis, had it come foon after his Conference with Lanoy; and it was thought a general Peace would have ensued. But the Face of Affairs in a short time very much altered; for the King of France had now fully gained our King to his Interest; and the Emperor's Forces having taken Rome, it was greatly feared, he would soon become Master of all Italy, if some Course was not taken to prevent it. Therefore Francis, instead of accepting what the Emperor offered, made the following Demands,
First, “ That Sforzı should be restored to the
Secondly, “ That his Sons should be delivered be“ fore he recalled his Forces from Italy, which was
one of the Conditions the Emperor had insisted upon.
Thirdly, “ That if the Emperor would comply with « his Deinands he would deposit 300,000 Ducats in “ the King of England's Hands, for the Security of “ what was incumbent upon hiin to do.”
The Emperor disagreeing to these replied, “ That, " if the King of France would perform what was “ expected from him, he would on his Part make the