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into, proved a religious Cheat, which ended in the publick Execution of the Principal and several of her



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effectually have done that; which It is allowed Archbishop Warhere take as Hall has handed ham, in particular, was imposed it to us :

• Hither am I come upon by the Woman, in the • to die, and I have not only Course of her Vagaries, and was

been the Cause of mine own even prevailed upon to intercede • Death, which most justly I with Cardinal Wolsey to admit • have deserved, but also I am her into his Presence; for there • the Cause of the Death of all is now to be seen in the Exche

these Persons, which at this quer Record office, an Original • Time here suffer ; and yet, to Letter from Warham to Wolley

fay the Truth, I am not so on that Head, which runs thus, • much to be blamed, consider

ing it was well known unto A Letter from WARHAM to • these learned Men, that I was

Wolsey, concerning the Holy a poor Wench without Learn

Maid of Kent. • ing; and therefore they might

have easily perceived that the • Please it your Grace, so it Things that were done by me,

is, that Elizabeth Barton, being • could not proceed in no such a Religious Woman, profel• Sort, but their Capacities and • fed in St. Sepulchre's in Canter• Learning could right well bury, which had all the Vi

judge from whence they pro- ' sions at our Lady of Courte at ceeded, and that they were

Strete * in the aforesaid Parish altogether feigned. But be- • of Aldington in Kent, a very • cause the Things I feigncd 'well-disposed and virtuous Wó

were profitable unto them, man, as I am informed by • therefore they much praised

- her Sisters, is


desirous to me, and bare me in Hand that speak with your


per• it was the Holy Ghost, and not sonally: What she has to say, • I, that did them ; and then I, whether it be Good or Ill, I being puffed up with their. “ do not know; but she has de

'; Praises, fell into a certain Pride • fired of me to write to your • and foolish Phantasy with my

• Grace, to desire the same, as • self, and thought I might feign

• I do, that she may come to ' what I would, which Thing your Grace's Presence; whom,

has brought me to this Case ; when your Grace hath heard, • and for the which now I cry

you may order as ye Thall • God's and the King's High- please the same : For, I affure • nefs most heartily Mercy on

your Grace, she has made veme, and all them that here

ry important Suit to me, to be « fuffer with me.'

a Means to your Grace, that



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• This is the Place se pretended the Virgin Mary had, in a Vision, directed her to repair to, for the Recovery of her Healtà,

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Aiders and Abettors, as more fully appears from our Notes extracted from Hall, Stow, Rapin, &c.

Fox, one of the Cardinals Enemies, An Account of

exhibits a great Complaint against him, Dr. Pace's Sickne's, &c. because, as he alledges, “ Dr. Richard Pace,* about this Time, fell under his

high The may speak with you. At he sent him to Padua, in Italy, Canterbury, the ist Day of which was then the most flourishOctober,

ing University in the World, to At your Grace's Commandment, improve in Literature, and was • Will. CANTUAR.' by him allowed a yearly Penfion.

There he commenced in seveWhether the Woman was in- ral Degrees, and was much adtroduced to his Eminency does vanced in his Study by the fanot appear, but it is agreed, mous and learned Bishop Tunstal that it was not in her Power to and William Latimer, whom he impose upon him, as she had called his Preceptors. done upon others; though the After his Return into England, pretended to have the Gift of he studied in Queen's College, Prophecy, whence may be juftly Oxon, of which his Patron, Thopresumed, she did not meet with mas Langton, was Provost, and the least Countenance from Wol- foon after was received into the Tey, which made her afterwards Service of Dr. Christopher Bayn. seek for the Revenge, that proved bridge, who succeeded his faid fatal to her and her Counsellors. Patron in that Provostfhip; from

whence he proceeded with him * As this Gentleman made a to Rome, after he had been made great Figure in the World, it Archbishop of York; and, upon induces us here to give some his Master's Death, he returning Account of him, and to answer into England, the King took him what Fox has objected against into Employ, wherein his Parts Wolley.

being soon discovered, and his Richard Pace was, by Dr. Accomplishments made known, Thomas Langton, Bishop of Win- his Majesty in a short Time cheffer, trained up at School, made him Secretary of State, with others, at his Lordships and reposed great Confidence in Charge, who, perceiving him to him. He was early recommendprofit in Mufick more thaned by Erasmus for his Learning, could be expected for his Years, who, among other Encomiums on often expreffed to his Attendants, him, says, He was Utriusq; Lithat since he so easily became terature Callentisimi;.' exceedMaster of that Science, his Ge- ingly well versed in Divine and nius might extend to greater At Human Literature, Whilst he was tainments. Some Time afterward abroad, in the Year 1514,





« high Displeasure, and, thro' his ill Treatment, ran “ mad; being then in the Service of his Country

“ abroad,

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admitted Prebendary of Bugthorp, and readily heard in Matters of in the Church of York, in the Weight ; was eftec med by all the room of our Thomas Wolsey, and Learned and Eloquent, and veon the 20th of May, the fame ry expert in foreign Languages. Year, he was made Archdeacon So great a Mafter was he of the of Dorset, upon the Resignation Italian Tongue, that he seemed of Dr. Robert Langton, fome time not inferior to the famous Peter of Queen's College, Oxford. This Vannes, the King's Secretary, nor Gentleman discharged the great any of the molt learned among Trusts reposed in him, in several thé Venetians : So that his Fame Ambassies, with very great Ho- for Literature and great Abilinour to the English Nation. ties spread itself thro' all the

In 1519 he became Deacon Courts of Europe. Cardinal Wolof St. Paul's Cathedral in Lon. Sey, Lynacre, Grocyn, Sir Thomas don, on the Death of Dr. John More, and others, were his great Colet, and about that Time Dean Favourites in England; and Eras of Exeter : But whether he was mus wrote more Epistles to him ever Dean of Salisbury does not than to any other Gentleman. appear from the Registers of that Dr. Fiddes says, “The CarChurch; though Lord Herbert dinal had no sooner heard of fays, in the Life and Reign of the Calamity that had attend... Henry the VIIIth, · That, in the • ed Pace, who was then the

Year 1526, Peter Vannes, Arch- • King's Minister at Venice, but he deacon of Worcester, was made wrote in very strong Terms to

Co-adjutor to RichardPace, Dean • the Doge of that Republick in • of Salisbury, upon the Account • Favour of him; and that, when • of his unhappy Condition.' Wolsey received an Answer,

After Pace was made Preben- Pace was honourably conductdary of Coombe and Harnham, in • ed Home, where he partly rethe Church of Sarum, he proved • covered his Senses, and ended serviceable to the University of • his Days in his own CounOxford, the Members whereof • try.' would have had him adorned in And, in support of Dr. Fiddes's their Lyceum with a Degree, but Relation, which must invalidate certain Customs relating there- Fox's, there are at this Time, in to, and which could not easily the Exchequer Record-office, Letbe dispensed with, hindered it. ters from Venice to the Cardinal,

His general Character handed relating to Pace's unhappy Canto us is, that he was a worthy dition,

wrote in such strong Terms, Man, endowed with many ex- and so much in his Favour, that cellent Qualities and Gifts of Na- it is evident Pace was far advanture ; courteous and pleasant; ced in the Cardinals Efteem ; was highly in the King's Favour, and there is not the least In





" abroad, and died in that unhappy Condition, some “ Time after he returned to England.The Cardinal's Many Authors relate, that the ReveEnemies endea- nues of the Cardinal accruing from the vour ftill more Privileges of his Vistorial Power, of to defame bim. making Abbots, proving Wills

, granting Faculties, Licences, and Dispensations ; from his Pensions, Preferments, and other visible Advantages, were thought at this Time to be equal to the Revenues of the Crown; but, it seems, the above Article did not contribute so much to enrich him, as his Chaplain, John Allen; who, Hall says, was a Man of more Learning, than Virtue or good Conscience : And whose Manner of Proceeding, according to Fiddes, was to ride, accom

panied with a great Train, in a perpetual Progress “ from one religious House to another, and draw from “ them very large Sums for his Master's Service."

How true this may be we cannot say, nothing of it appearing in the Letters from the Principals of the religious Houses, now to be seen in the Exchequer Record-office, which are filled with high Encomiums on the Cardinal's Merit, but make no mention of either Money or Gifts sent to him: But it was otherwise, when Cromwell (the Cardinal's Solicitor) came into the Ministry, who scarce received a Letter that did not advise him of some Gift or Present.


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stance to be found, that can be Proof of his having neglected relied on, why he should do him the true Interest of his Country, any ill Office: And, if we re- or that he had in any manner flect on the great Trust that Wol- betrayed the Confidence Wolley fey always repored in Pace, from had, in several important Afthe first Beginning of his Know- fairs, placed in him. ledge of him, it seems incon- * Allen was a Judge of the fiftent to think, that he would Cardinal's Court, and made Archdo him any Prejudice, for whom bishop of Dublin in 1528 ; but he had, upon many Occasions, was soon barbarously murdered expressed so much Regard ; and by James Fitzgerald, the Earl of more especially, as there is no Kildare's eldett Son.


However, upon the whole, Lord Herbert and other Authors say, that what had been transacted gave so much Offence, that heavy Complaint was made thereof to the King, which had like to have proved fatal to the Cardinal ; (but their Accounts were chiefly taken from Wolfey's inveterate Enemy, Polydor Virgil) for his Majesty was so well satisfied with the Charges brought against his Primier, that he reprimanded him in fo sharp a Manner, the Cardinal thought it beft to excufe himself with much Submission, and to promife to be more careful for the future ; at the same Time, to paliate the King's Resentment, assuring him he had made his Will, and therein left him great Part of his Estate, which in some meature softened his Majesty's Anger : And, to shew that he was before really out of Temper with Wolsey, Lord Herbert introduces a Letter from the King to him. “ As touching the Matter of Wilton, feeing The King's

Letter to “ it is in no other Strain than you write of,

the Cardi“ and you being also so suddenly (with the nal. “ Falling Sickness of your Servants) afraid

) “ and troubled, I marvel not it overslipped you as it “ did ; but it is no great Matter, standing the Cafe as “ it doth ; for it is yet in my Hand, as I perceive

by your Letter, and your Default was not so great,

seeing the Election was but conditional. Where“ fore, My Lord, seeing the Humbleness of your Sub“ mission, though the Case was much more heinous, “ I can be content to remit it, being right glad, that, “ according to my Intent, my Monitions and Warn".ings have been benignly and lovingly accepted in

your Behalf, promising you, that the very Affection “ I bear you caused me thus to do.

“ As touching the Help of Religious Houses to the “ building of your College, I would it were more, so “ it were lawful; for my Intent is none but that it " should appear to all the World, and the Occasion “ of all their Mumbling might be secluded and put

away ;

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