Abbildungen der Seite

1 Souib.

I'll undertake to bring him,

The gold I give thee will I melt, and pour Where he shall answer by a lawful form,

Down thy ill-uttering throat. Sbakspears. In peace, to his ximost peril. Sbakspeare. Shall not they teach thee and tell thee, and UTMOST. n. s. The most that can be ; wtter words but of their heart?

Toba the greatest power; the highest degree;

Who knows but his poor, bleeding heart, the greatest effort.

Amidst its agonies, remember's Marcia,

And the last words he utter'd call'd me cruel ! What miscarries,

Addison. Shall be the general's fault, though he perform To th' utmost of a man.

2. To disclose ; to discover ; to publish.

I will be free,

When do partial and sinister affections more Even to the utmost as I please in words. Shaksp.

utter themselves, than when an election is committed to many:

Witgift. Such a conscience, as has employed the utmost of its ability, to give itself the best information,

Were it folly to be modest in uttering what is

known to all the world? and clearest knowledge of its durv, that it can, is

Raleigb. a rational ground for a man to build such an hope

I meant my words should not reach your ears;

but what I utter'd was most true. Dryden. upon. Try your fortune.

3. To sell; to vend. I have to the utmost. Dost thou think me Such mortal drugs I have, but Mantua's law desperate

Is death to any he that utters them. Sbakspeare. Without just cause?

Dryden. They bring it home, and utter it commonly by A man, having carefully enquired into all the

the name of Newfoundland fish. Abbof. grounds of probability and unlikeliness, and done The Devonshire and Somersetshire grasiers his utmost to inform himself in all particulars, feed yearly great droves of cattle in the northa may come to acknowledge on which side the pro quarter of Cornwall, and utter them at home. bability rests. Locke.

Carew. The enemy thinks of raising threescore thou 4. To disperse ; to emit at large. sand men: let us perform our utmost, and we To preserve us from ruin, the whole kingdom shall overwhelm them with our multitudes. should continue in a firm resolution never to reAddison. ceive or utter this fatal coin.

Swift. U'TTER, adj. (utter, Saxon.]

U’TTERABLE. adj. [from utter.] Expres. 1. Situate on the outside, or remote from sible; such as may be uttered. the centre.

U’TTERANCE. n. s. [from utter.]
In my flight

7. Pronunciation ; manner of speaking. Through utter and through middle darkness He with utt'rance grave, and countenance sad, borne,

From point to point discours'd his voyage. I sung of chaos and eternal night. . Milton.

Spenser. 2. Placed beyond any compass ; out of Many a man thinks admirably well, who has any place.

a poor utterance; while others have a charming Pursue these sons of darkness; drive them out manner of speech, but their thoughts are trifling. From all heav'n's bounds into the utter deep.

Watts. Milton. 2. [outrance, French.) Extremity ; terms 7. Extreme; excessive; utmost. This of extreme hostility. Out of use. to be Milton's meaning here,

Of him I gather'd honour; though the former sense may serve.

Which he to seek of me again perforce, Such place eternal justice had prepar'd

Behoves me keep at utterance. Sbakspeare. For those rebellious; here their prison ordain'd

Come, fate, into the list, In utter darkness; and their portion set

And champion me to th' utterance. Sbakspeare. As far remov'd from God, and light of heav'n,

3. Vocal expression; emission from the As from the center thrice to th' utmost pole. mouth.

Milton. Till Adam, though no less than Eve abash'd, 4. Complete ; total.

At length gave utterance to these words conThe parliament thought the utter taking it


Milton. away necessary for the preservation of the king Speaking is a sensible expression of the nodom

Clarendon. tions of the mind, by several discriminations of 5. Peremptory.

utterance of voice, used as signs, having by conThere could not be any other estimate made

sent several dererminate significancies. Holder. of the loss, than by the utter refusal of the auxi

There have been some inventions, which have liary regiments of London and Kent to march

been able for the utterance of articulate sounds, farther.


as the speaking of certain words. Wilkins. 6. Perfect ; mere.

UTTERER, n. s. [from utter.]
They feel fewer corporal pains, and are ulter

1. One who pronounces. strangers to all those anxious thoughts which 2. A divulger ; a discloser. disquiet mankind.

Atterbury. Utterers of secrets he from thence debarr'd; TOU'TTER. V. a. [from the adjective; Babblers of folly, and blazers of crime. Spenser. to make publick, or let out; palam fa- . 3: A seller ; a vender. cere.)

U'TTERLY. adv. [from utter.) Fully; 1. To speak; to pronounce; to express.

completely; perfectly. For the most Men spake not with the instruments of writ part in an ill sense. ing, neither writ with the instruments of speech; God, whose property is to shew his mercies, and yet things recorded with the one, and uttered then greatest, when they are nearest to be uto with the other, may be preached well enough terly despaired.

Hooker. with both.

Hooker. Arguments taken from the authority of men, These very words I've heard bin utter. may not only so far forth as hath been declared,

Sbakspeare. but further also be of some force in human sciThere's more gold: but sirrah,

ences; which force, be it never so small, doth We say the dead are well. Bring it to that, shew that they are not utterly naught. Hooker,



All your int'rest in those territories

The vulgar imagine the pretender to have been Is utterly bereft you; all is lost. Sbakspeare. a child imposed upon the nation by the fraudu

He was so utterly tired with an employment lent zeal of his parents, and their bigoted coun• so contrary to his humour, that he did not con sellors.

Swift sider the means that would lead him out of it. Vu’LGARISM. n. s. [from vulgar.] Gross.

Clarendon. There is no where any nation so utterly lost

ness ; vulgarity. to all things of law and morality, as not to be

The great events of Greek and Roman fable lieve the existence of God.


and history, which early education, and the usual While in the flesh, we cannot be utterly insen

course of reading, have made familiar and intesible of the afflictions that befal us. Atterbury.

resting to all Europe, without being degraded U'TTERMOST. adj. (from utter.)

by the vulgarism of ordinary life in any country.

Reynolás. 1. Extreme; being in the highest degree. VulgA'RITY. n. s. [from vulgar.)

Bereave me not, · Whereon I live! thy gentle looks, thy aid,

1. Meanness; state of the lowest people. Thy counsel, in this utter most distress. Milton.

Although their condition may place them 2. Most remote.

many spheres above the multitude; yet are they

still within the line of vulgarity and democracia The land, from the uttermost end of the straits

cal enemies to truth.

Brown. on Peru side, did go towards the south. Abbot.

True it is, and I hope I shall not offend their U'TTERMOST. n. s. The greatest.

vulgarities if I say, they are daily mocked into There needed neither promise nor persuasion

error by devisers. to make her do her uttermost for her father's

2. Mean or gross mode. service.

Sidney. Is the grandesophos of Persius, and the subliHe cannot have sufficient honour done unto

miry of Juvenal, to be circumscribed with the him; but the uttermost we can do, we must. meanness of words, and vulgarity of expression? Hooker.

Drydes. Uve'ous. adj. [from uva, Latin.) VU'LGARLY. adv. (from vulgar.] Com.

The uveous coat, or iris, of the eye, hath a musculous power, and can dilate and contract

monly; in the ordinary manner; among that round hole in it, called the pupil. Ray.

the common people. VULCANO, n. s. (Italian.]' A burning

He was, which people much respect, mountain ; it is commonly written, after

In princes, and which pleases pulgarly,

Of goodly personage and of sweet aspect. Das, the Italian, volcano.

He that believes himself uncapable of pardon, Earth calcined flies off into the air; the ashes

goes on without thought of reforming; such an of burning mountains, in volcanos, will be car

one we call wulgariny a desperate person. ried to great distances. Arbuthnot.

Harmode VUʻLGAR. adj. (vulgaire, French ; vul. As it is vulgarly understood, that he cue 1 garis, Latin.]

passage for his army through these mighty


mountains, it may seem incredible. 1. Plebeian ; suiting to the common people; practised among the common peo

Vu’LNERABLE. adj. [vulnerable, Fr. vul. ple.

nerabilis, Lat.) Susceptive of wounds ; Men who have passed all their time in low and

liable to external injuries, vulgar life, cannot have a suitable idea of the Let fall thy blade on vulnerable crests; several beauties and blemishes in the actions of

I bear a charmed life, which must not yield
To one of woman born.

Sbakspeare great men. 2. Vernacular; national.

Achilles, 1 hough dipt in Styx, yet having his It might be more useful to the English reader,

heel untouched by that water, although he were who was to be his immediate care, to write in

fortified elsewhere, he was slain in that part, is our vulgar language.

only vulnerable in the inferiour and brutal palt.

Brown 3. Mean ; low; being of the common

VUʻLNERARY. adj. (vulneraire, Fr. val. rate.

nerarius, Lat.] Useful in the cure of It requiring too great a sagacity for vulgar minds, to draw the line between virtue and vice,

wounds. no wonder if most men attempt not a laborious

Try whether the same effect will not ensue.


by common vulnerary plaisters. scrutiny into things themselves, but only take names and words, and so rest in them. Soutb. 'I kept the oritice open, and prescribed him


vulneraries. Now wasting years my former strength con. found,

To Vu’LNERATE. v. a. (vulnero, Latin.) And added woes have bowed me to the ground: To wound; to hurt. Yet by the stubble you may guess the grain,

There is an intercourse between the magne And mark the ruins of no vulgar man. Broome.

tick unguent and the vulnerated budy. Glanville

, 4. Publick; commonly bruited.

VU'LPINE. adj. (vulpinus, Lat.) Belong. Do you hear aught of a battle toward ?---Most sure, and vulgar; every one hears that. ing to a fox:


VUʻLTURE. n. s. (vultur, Lat.) A large VU'LGAR. n. 5. (vulgaire, Fr.] The com bird of prey, remarkable for voracity. mon people.

Nor the night raven, that still deadly yells, I'll about ;

Nor griesly vultures, make us once affear'd. Drive away the vulgar from the streets. Shakspe

Spenser. Those men, and their adherents, were then

We've willing dames enough, there cannot be looked upon by the affrighted vulgar as greater

That vulture in you, to devour so many protectors of their laws and liberties than my. As will to greatness dedicate themselves. Sbaks self.

King Charles.

A rav'nous vulture in his open'd side The most considering and wisest men, in all

Her crooked beak and cruel talons tried. Dryden

, ages and nations, have constantly differed from

VU’LTURINE. adj. [vulturinus, Latin.) the vulgar in their thought.

Wilkins. Belonging to a vulture. 7

[ocr errors]

U'VULA. n. s. (uvula, Lat.) In anatomy, Beguil'd by fair idolatresses, fell a round soft spongeous body, suspend

To idols foul.


How wouldst thou insult, ed from the palate, near the foramina of

When I must live uxorious to thy will the nostrils, over the glottis. Dict.

In perfect thraldom! how again betray me ! By an instrument bended up at one end, I got

Milton, up behind the uvula.

Wiseman. UxoʻRIOUSLY.adv. (from uxorious. ] With UXOʻRIOUS. adj. (uxorius, Lat.] Sub fond submission to a wife.

missively fond of a wife ; infected with If thou art thus uxoriously inclin?d
connubial dotage.

To bear thy bondage with a willing mind,
Towards his queen he was nothing wxorious, Prepare thy neck.

Dryden. nor scarce indulgent; but companionable and UxoʻRIOUSNESS. n. s. [from uxorious.] respective.

Bacon. Connubial dotage ;

fond submission to a That vxorious king, whose heart, though large, wife.

[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]

W AD W Is a letter of which the form is not

to be found in the alphabets of the learned languages; though it is not improbable that by our w is expressed the sound of the Roman v, and the Eolick f. Both the form and sound are excluded from the languages derived from the Latin. W is sometimes improperly used in diphthongs as a vowel for u; view, strew: the sound of w consonant, if it be a consonant, is uni.

form. TO WA'BBLE. V.n. [a low barbarous

word.] To move from side to side ; to change direction.

If in your work you find it wabble; that is, that one side of the fiat inclines to the right or left hand, with soft blows of an hammer set it

to rights, and then screw it hard up. Мохол. WAD. n. s. [peod, hay, Saxon.] 1. A bundle of straw or other loose matter

thrust close together. 2. Wadd, or black lead, is a mineral of great use and value.

Woodward. WA'DDING. n. s. [from wad, vad, Islan.

dick.) A kind of soft stuff loosely woven, with which the skirts of coats

are stuffed out. To WA'DDLE. V. n. (wagghelen, Dutch,

to waggle ; whence, by a casual corruption, waddle.) To shake, in walking, from side to side ; to deviate in motion from a right line. She could have run and waddled all about.

Sbakspeare. The strutting petticoat smooths and levels all distinctions; while I cannot but be troubled to see so many well-shaped, innocent virgins hloated up, and waddling up and down, like big-bellied women.

Spectator. "The farmer's goose, Grown fat with corn and sitting still, Can scarce get o'er the barn-door sill, And hardly waddles forth to cool Her belly in th' neighb'ring pool. Swift.

Dulness, of business the directing soul, To human heads like biass to the bowl;

Which, as more pond'rous, makes their aime

more true,
Obliquely waddling to the mark in view. Pope.

She draws her words, and waddles in her pace; Unwasht her hands, and much besnufft her face.

Young. To WADE. V. n. [from vadum, Lat. pro.

nounced wadum.] s. To walk through the waters; to pass water without swimming. We'll wade to the market-place in Frenchmen's blood.

Sbakspeare. She waded through the dirt to pluck him off.

Sbakspeare. I am in blood Stept in so far, that, should I wade no more, Returning were as tedious as go o'er. Sbaksp.

He staid seven days at the Crassus, until a bridge was made for the transporting of his army, for that the river was not to be waded over.

Then, since fortune's favours fade,
You that in her arms do sleep,

Learn to swim, and not to wade,
For the hearts of kings are deep.

With head, hands, wings, or feet pursues his

way, And swims, or sinks, or wades, or creeps, or flies.

Milton, It is hard to wade deep in baths where springs arise.

Brown. Fowls that frequent waters, and only wade, have as well long legs as long necks; and those that are made for swimming have feet like oars.

More. 2. To pass difficultly and laboriously.

They were not permitted to enter into war, nor conclude any league of peace, nor to wade through any act of moment between them and foreign states, unless the oracle of God, or his prophets, were first consulted with. Hooker.

T'have waded through the whole cause, searching the truth by the causes of truth. Hooker: Virtue gives herself light, through darkness for to wade.

Spenser. Occasions you have met with to excite your faculties to wade a little farther into the positive part of these doctrines.

Hammond. I should chuse rather with spitting and scorn to be tumbled into the dust in blood, bearing witness to any known truth of our Lord; chan,


[ocr errors]


by a denial of those truths, through blood and 2. To buoy; to make float; to hinder perjury wade to a sceptre, and lord it in a from sinking, throne.


Whether cripples, who have lost their thighs, 'Tis not to my purpose to wade into those bottomless controversies, which, like a gulph,

will not sink but float; their lungs being able to have swallowed up so much time of learned

waft up their bodies, which are in others overDecay of Piety.

poised hy the hinder legs, we have not made experiment.

Brown. The dame Now tried the stairs, and wading through the

3. To beckon; to inform by a sign of night,

any thing moving. Search'd all the deep recess, and usher'd into To WAFT. V.n. To float. light.

Dryden. It wafted nearer yet, and then she knew, The wrathful God then plunges from above,

That what before she but surmis'd, was true. And where in thickest waves the sparkles drove,

Droda. There lights, and wades through fumes, and Those trumpets his triumphant entry tell, .gropes his way,

And now the shouts waft near the citadel. Half-sing'd, half-stifled. Dryden.

Dryden. The king's admirable conduct has waded Wart. n. s. [from the verb.) through all these difficulties. Davenant.

1. A floating body. I know not whether Simonides, the more he contemplated the na

authorized ture of the deity, found that he waded but the

From the bellowing east of the whirlwind's more out of his depth, and that he lost himself in the thought.


wing WA'per, n. s. [wafel, Dutch.]

Sweeps up the burthen of whole wintry plains,
In one wide waft.

Tbcesor. I. A thin cake.

2. Motion of a streamer. Used as a token Wife, make us a dinner; spare flesh, neither

or mean of information at sea. corn; Make wafers and cakes, for our sheepe must be WA'FTAGE. n.s. (from waft.) Carriage shorne.


by water or air. Not in use. Poor Sancho they persuaded that he enjoyed

What ship of Epidamnum stays for me!& great dominion, and then gave him nothing to -A ship you sent me to, to hire waftaga. subsist upon but wafers and marmalade. Pope.


. 2. The bread given in the eucharist by the

I stalk about her door, Romanists.

Like a strange soul upon the Stygian banks, That the same body of Christ should be in a WA'FTER. n. s.° (from waft.) A passage

Staying for waftage:

Sbakspart thousand places at once; that the whole body should lie hid in a little thin wafer, yet so that


dinsuorth. the members thereof should not one run into WA'FTURE. n. s. [from waft.] The another, but continue distinct, and have an order act of waving. Not in use. agreeable to a man's body, it doth exceed rea

You answer'd not;

Hall. But with an angry wafture of your hand 3. Paste made to close letters.

Gave sign for me to leave you. Sbakspear! To WaFt. v.a. pret. wafted, or perhaps To WAG. v. a. [pagian, Sax. waggen,

waft; participle passive wafted, or Dutch.) To move lightly; to shake waft. (probably from wave.]

slightly. 1. To carry through the air, or on the You may as well forbid the mountain pines water.

their high tops, and to make a noise, A braver choice of dauntless spirits,

When they are fretted with the gusts of hear'ı. Than how the English bottoms have waft o'er,

Skaisgear. Did never float upon the swelling tide. Sbaksp. All that pass hiss and wag their heads at Our high admiral


Lamentations Shall waft them over with our royal fleet.

Thou canst not wag thy finger, or begin

Sbakspeare. The least light motion, but it tends to sin. Thence wafted with a merry gale,

Digest Sees Leinster, and the golden vale. Drayton.

So have I seen in black and white, Nor dares his transport-vessel cross the waves, A prating thing, a magpye hight, With such whose bones are not compos'd in

Majestically stalk; graves :

A stately, worthless animal, A hundred years they wander on the shore; That plies the tongue, and ways the tail

, At length, their penance done, are wafted o'er,

All flutter, pride, and talk.

Dryden. T. WAG. Lend to this wretch your hand, and waft him o'er

1. To be in quick or ludicrous motion. To the sweet banks of yon forbidden shore.

Be merry, be merry, my wife has all, Dryden.

For women are shrews both short and call; From hence might first spring that opinion of

"Tis merry in hall, where beards wag all. Slet. the vehicles of spirits; the vulgar conceiving that

I can counterfeit the deep tragedian, the breath was that wherein the soul was wafted

Tremble and start at wagging of a straw. Shako and carried away.


I will fight with him upon this theme,
They before wafted over their troops into

Until my eyelids will no longer wag. Sbakıp, Sicily in open vessels.

Arbuthnot. 2. To go; to pack off.
In vain you tell your parting lover,

I will provoke him to't, or let him was You wish fair winds may woft him over:

Sbakspeare Alas! what winds can happy prove,

3. To be moved. That bear me far from what I love? Prior.

Her charms she mutter'd o'er;. Speed the soft intercourse from soul to soul, And yet the resty sieve wegg'd ne'er the more: Apd waft a sigh from Indus to the pole. Popeo I wept for woe.



To wag

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

The wages

WAG. h.s. (poegan, Sax. to cheat.] Any

The officers of the admiralty having places of one ludicrously mischievous ; a merry

80 good benefit, it is their parts, being well droll.

waged and rewarded, exactly to look into the sound building of ships.

Raleigh. Cupid the wng, that lately conquer'd had

The king had erected his courts of ordinary Wise counsellors, stout captains puissant; resort, and was at the charge not only to wago And tied them fast to lead his triumphs bad,

justice and their ministers, but also to appoint Glutted with them, now plays with meanest

the safe custody of records.

Baron. things.

Sidney. ! This great lord came not over with any great Was not my lord the verier way o'th'two?

number of waged soldiers.

We wink at wags when they offend,

s. In law.

When an action of debt is brought against And spare the boy, in hopes the man may mend.


one, as for money or chattels left or lent the

defendant, the defendant may wage his law; that A counsellor never pleaded without a piece of packthread in his hand which he used to twist

is, swear, and certain persons with him, that he about a finger all the while he was speaking: the

owes nothing to the plaintiff in manner as he

hath declared. The offer to make the oath is wags used to call it the thread of his discourse.,


called wager of law; and when it is accomWAGE. n. s. the plural wages is now

plished, it is called the making or doing of law.

Blount. only used. [wegen, or wagen, German ; WA’GER. n. s. (from wage, to venture.] gages, French.]

1. A bett; any thing pledged upon a 1. Pay given for service.

chance or performance, All friends shall taste

Love and mischief made a wager, which of their virtue, and all foes

should have most power in me. Sidney. The cup of their deseryings.


Full fast she fed, ne ever look'd behind; The last petition is for my men; they are the As if her life upon the wager lay. Spaaser. poorest,

As soon hereafter will I wagers lay But poverty could never draw them from me;

'Gainst what an oracle shall say; That they may have their wages duly paid them,

Fool that I was, to venture to deny
And something over to remember me. Shakip.
He with a mighty wage

A tongue so us'd to victory!
Won such, themselves by oath as deeply durst

A tongue so blest by nature and by art, engage.

That never yet it spoke but gain'da heart.

Drayton. By Tom Thumb, a fairy page,

Cowlog. He sent it, and doth him engage,

Besides these plates for horse-races, the wa By promise of a mighty wage,

gers may be as the persons please. Temple.

Faccious, and fav'ring this or t'other side, It secretly to carry:

Drayton. The thing itself is not only our duty, but our

Their wagers back their wishes. Dryden.

If any atheist can stake his soul for a wager, glory: and he who hath done this work, has in

against such an inexhaustible disproportion, let the very work partly received his wages. South.

him never hereafter accuse others of credulity. 2. Gage ; pledge. Ainsworth.

Bentley. TO WAGE. v.a. [The origination of this 2. Subject on which betts are laid.

word, which is now only used in the The sea strove with the winds which should phrase to wage war, is not easily dis be louder; and the shrouds of the ship, with a covered; waegen, in German, is to at ghastful noise, to them that were in it witnessed tempt any thing dangerous.]

that their ruin was the wager of the other's contention.

Sidney. 1. To attempt; to venture. We must not think the Turk is so unskilful, 3. [In law.] An offer to make oath,

See To WAGE in law,
Neglecting an attempt of ease and gain,
To wake and wage a danger profitless. Sbaksp.

Multiplication of actions upon the case were

rare formerly, and there hy wager of law ousted; 2. To make; to carry on. Applied to which discouraged many suits.


To Wa'GER. V. a. (from the noun.] To Return to her, and fifty men dismiss'd!

lay; to pledge as a bett; to pledge No; rather I abjure all roofs, and chuse Towage against the enmity o'th' air,

upon some casualty of performance. To be à comrade with the welf. Sbakspears.

"Twas merry, when you wagered on your The sonnes of Greece wag'd war af Troy.


Sbakspears. Chapman.

He that will lay much to stake upon every Your reputation wages war with the enemies flying story, may as well wager his estate which f your royal family, even within their trenches. way the wind will sit next morning. Dryden,

Govern. of the Tongue. He ponder'd which of all his sons was fit

I feed my father's flock; To wage immortal war with wit. What can I wager from the common stock? Dryden.

Dryden. 3. [from wage, wages.] To set to hire. Wa'ges. n. s. See Wage. Not in use.

WÁGGERY. [from wag:) MisThou must avage

chievous merriment; roguish trick ; Thy works for wealth, and life for gold engage.

sarcastical gayety.

Spenser. 'Tis not the waggeries or cheats practised 4. To take to hire; to hire for pay; to among school-boys, that make an able man; but hold in pay; to employ for wages. Ob

the principles of justice, generosity, and sosolete.


Locke. I seem'd his follower, not partner; and

WAGGISH. adj. [from wag. 1 Knavishly He wag'd me with his countenance, as if

merry; merrily mischievous ; frolickI had been mercenary.




reigu, and

[ocr errors]
« ZurückWeiter »