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Thin airy things extend themselves in plače, petuity, and to contest with the iron teeth of Things solid take up little space. Cowley.


Howel. I hear his thund'ring voice resound, SOLIDU'NGULOUS. adj. [solidus and unAnd trampling feet that shake the solid ground.

gula, Lat.] Whole-hoofed.

It is set down by Aristotle and Pliny, that an 3. Having all the geometrical dimensions. horse, and all solidungulous or whole-hoofed ani

In a solid foor are 1728 solid inches, weighing mals, have no gall; which we find repugnant 76 pound of rain water.

unto reason.

Brown. 4. Strong ; firm.

SOLIFI'DIAN. n. s. [solus and fides, Lat.) The duke's new palace is a noble pile, built after this manner, which makes it look very

One who supposes only faith, not solid and majestick.

Addison, works, necessary to justification. s. Sound ; not weakly.

may be justly feared, that the title of fundaIf persons devote themselves to science, they

mentals, being ordinarily confined to the docshould be well assured of a solid and strong con

trines of faith, hath occasioned that great scandal stication of body, to bear the fatigue.

in the church of God, at which so many myriads

Watts. 6. Real ; not empty ; true ; not falla

of solifidians have stumbled, and fallen irreversicious.

bly, by conceiving heaven a reward of true opie nions.

Hammond. This might satisfy sober and wise men, not with soft and specious words, but with pregnant

SOLI'LOQUY. n. s. (soliloque, Fr. solus and and solid reasons.

King Charles. loquor, Lat.] A discourse made by one Either not define at all, or seek out other

in solitude to himself. solider methods, and more catholick grounds of

The whole poem is a soliloquy : Solomon is defining.

Hammond. the person that speaks: he is at once the hero The earth may of solid good contain

and the author; but he tells us very often what More plenty than the sun. Milion. others say to him.

Prior. -7. Not light; not superficial ; grave ;

He finds no respite from his anxious grief, profound.

Then seeks from his soliloquy relief. Gartb.

If I should own royself in love, you know These, wanting wit, affect gravity, and go by the name of solid men; and a solid man is, in

lovers are always allowed the comfort of soliloquy.

Spectator. plain English, a solid solemn fool. Dryden. SO'LID. n. s. [In physick.] The part con

SO'LIPEDE. n. s. [solus and pedes, Latin.] taining the Auids.

An animal whose feet are not cloven. The first and most simple solids of our body Solipedes, or firm footed animals, as horses, are perhaps merely terrestrial, and incapable of

asses, and mules, are in mighty number. Brown. any change or disease.

Arbuthnot. SOLITAIRE. N. s. [solitaire, Fr.)
Solidity. n. s. [solidité, Fr. soliditas, 1. A recluse; a hermit.
Lat. from solid.]

Often have I been going to take possession of 1. Fulness of matter; not hollowness. tranquillity, when your conversation has spoiled 2. Firmness; hardness; compactness; den

me for a solitaire.

Popeo sity ; not fluidity.

2. An ornament for the neck. That which hinders the approach of two bo- SO'LITARILY. adv. [from solitary.] In dies, when they are moving one towards another, solitude; with loneliness; without comI call solidity.


pany. The stone itself, whether naked or invested

How should that subsist solitarily by itself with earth, is not by its solidity secured, but which hath no substance, bue individually the washed down.


very same whereby others subsist with it? 3. Truth ; not fallaciousness; intellectual

Hooker. strength; certainty.

Feed thy people with thy rod, the flock of The most known rules are placed in so beau thine heritage which dwell solitarily in the wood. tiful a light, that they have all the graces of no

Micah. velty; and make the reader, who was before ac SO'LITARINESS. n. s. [from solitary.] Soquainted with them, still more convinced of their litude ; forbearance of company; hatruth and solidity.


bitual retirement. His fellow-peers have attended to his elo

There is no cause to blame the prince for quence, and have been convinced by the solidity

sometimes hearing them: the blame-worthiness at his reasoning.


is, that to hear them he rather goes to solitari. This pretence has a great deal more of art

ness than niakes them come to company. Sidney. than of solidity in it.


You subject yourself to solitariness, the sly SOʻLIDLY. adv. (from solid.]

enemy that doth most separate a man from well1. Firmly ; densely; compactly.


Sidney 2. Truly ; on good grounds.

At home, in wholesome solitariness, A complete brave man ought to know solidly My piteous soul began the wretchedness the main end he is in the world for. Digby.

Of suitors at the court to mourn, Donne. I look upon this as a sufficient ground for any SOʻLITARY. adj. [solitaire, Fr. solitarius, rational man to take up his religion upon, and

Latin.] which I defy the subtlest atheist in the world solidly to answer; namely, that it is good to be

1. Living alone; not having company. sure.

Those rare and solitary, these in Rocks.

Milton. SO'LIDNESS. n. s. [from solid.] Solidity; firmness; density,

2. Retired; remote from compacy; done It beareth misselioe : the cause may be the

or passed without company: closeness and solidness of the wood and pith of

In respect that it is solitary, I like it very the cak.


well; but in respect that it is private, it is a very It is built with that unusual solidness, that it

vile life.

Shakspeare. seems he intended to make a sacrifice to per•

Satan explores his solitary fiight. Milton,


Him fair Lavinia

this observation alone, are exempted a hundred Shall breed in groves to lead a solitary life. days.

Brotir. Dryden. 2. Happening at the solstice, or at mid. 3. Gloomy; dismal.

summer. Let that night be solitary, let no joyful voice

From the north to call come therein.

Job. Decrepit winter; from the south to bring 4. Single.

Solstitial summer's heat.

Mitont. Nor did a solitary vengeance serve : the cut

The fields ting off one head is not enough ; the eldest son Labour'd with thirst; Aquarius had not shed must be involved.

King Cbarles, His wonted showers, and Sirius parch'd with Relations alternately relieve each other, their

heat mutual concurrences supporting their solitary in

Solstitial the green

Pbilips. stabilities.

Brown. So'LUBLE. adj. (solubilis, Lat.] SOʻLITARY. n. s. [from the adjective.] 1. Capable of dissolution or separation of One that lives alone; a hermit.

parts. You describe so well your hermitical state of Sugar is a sal oleosum, being soluble in water, life, that none of the ancient anchorites could and fusible in fire.

Arbutbrot, go beyond you, for a cave with a spring, or air 2. Producing laxity; relaxing. of the accommodations that befit a solitary.

SOLUBI’LITY. n. s. [from soluble.] Sus.

ceptiveness of separation of parts. SO'LITUDE. N. s. [solitude, Fr. solitudo, This cannct account for the indissolvable coLatin.]

herence of some bodies, and the fragility and I. Lonely life ; state of being alone. solubility of others.

Glanville. It had been hard to have put more truth and

TO SOLVE. v. a. (solvo, Lat.) To clear; untruth together, in few words, than in that speech, Whosoever is delighted with solitude, is

to explain ; to untie an intellectual either a wild beast or a god.


knot. What call'st thou soliiude? Is not the earth

He would solve high dispute With various living creatures, and the air,

With conjugal caresses.

Milton. Replenishid, and all these at thy command,

The limiting of the regale only to christian To come and play before thee? Milton. princes, did rather involve and perplex the cause, Such only can enjoy the country, who are ca than any way solve it.

Lesley. pable of thinking, when they are there: then Do thou, iny soul, the destin'd period wait, they are prepared for solitude, and in that solie When God shall solve the dark decrees of fata tude is prepared for them.


His now unequal dispensations clear, 2. Loneliness; remoteness from company.

And make all wise and beautiful appear. Tickel. The solitude of his little parish is become mat

It is mere trifling to raise objections, merely ter of great comfort to him, because he hopes

for the sake of answering and solving them.

Watts. that God has placed him and his flock there, to make it their way to heaven.


So'LVENCY. 'n. s. [from solvent.] Ability 3. A lonely place; a desert.

In these deep solitudes, and awful cells, SOʻLVENT. adi. (solvens, Lat.] Where heavenly-pensive contemplation dwells. 1. Having the power to cause dissolution.


When dissolved in water, it is not by the eye SO'LLAR. 17. s. (solarium, low Lat.) A distinguishable from the solvent body, and apgarret.

Boyle. Some skilfully drieth their hops on a kel, 2. Able to pay debts contracted. And some on a sollar, oft turning them wel.

SO’LVIBLE. adj. [from solve.] Possible to Tusser.

be cleared by reason or inquiry. SOʻLO. n. s. [Italian.) A tune played by Intellective memory I call an act of the intela single instrument.

lective faculty, because it is wrought by it, though SO'lomon's Loaf. n. s. A plant.

I do not inquire how or where, because it is not SOʻLOMON's Seal. n. s. (polygonatum, Lat.]


Hale. A plant.

SO'LUND-GOOSE, n. s. A fowl. I know SOʻLSTICE. n. s. (solstice, Fr. solstitium,

not whether solund or soland.

A solund-goose is in bigness and feather very Latin.]

like a tame goose, but his bill longer, and someI. The point beyond which the sun does

what pointed; his wings also much longer, being not go; the tropical point; the point at two yards over.

Grew. which the day is longest in summer, or A'Scot, when from the gallow-tree let loose shortest in winter.

Drops into Styx, and turns a soland-goose.

Cleaveland. 2. It is taken of itself commonly for the

SOLU'tion, n. s. [solution, Fr. solutio, summer solstice. The sun, ascending unto the northern signs,

Latin.] þegetteth first a temperate heat in the air, which 1. Disruption; breach ; disjunction ; seby his approach unto the solstice he intendeth, paration. and by continuation increascth the same even in all bodies there is an appetite of union, and upon declination.

Brown. evitation of solution of continuity. Bacon. Let the plowmen's prayer

2. Matter dissolved ; that which contains Be for moist solstices, and winters fair. May.

any thing dissolved. SOLSTI'ITAL. adj. [solsticial, Fr. from

Aretæus, to procure sleep, recommends a sosolstice.]

lution of opium in water to foment the forehead. I. Belonging to the solstice.

Arbuthnot. Observing the dog-days ten days before and When salt of tartar per deliquium, poured inafter che equinoctial and solstitial points, by to the solution of any metal, precipicaces the

to pay:

pears as fiuid.


metal, and makes it fall down to the bottom of at Sluice some good while, returned unto the the liquor in the form of mud, does not this king, then before Buloigne.

Bacon. argue that the acid particles are attracted more The number slain on the rebels part were strongly by the salt of tartar than by the metal, some two thousand.

Bacona and by the stronger attraction go from the metal They have no black men amongst them; exto the salt of tartar ? Norbton. cept some few which dwell on the seacoast.

Hylin. 3. Resolution of a doubt ; removal of an intellectual difficulty.

He bore away the prize, to the admiration of some hundreds.

Addison Something yet of doubt remains, Which only thy solution can resolve. Milton.

Your good-natur'd gods, they say,

Descend some twice or thrice a day. Prior. They give the reins to wand'ring thoughts, Till , by their own perplexities involvid,

Paint, patches, jewels laid aside,

At night astronomers agree,
They ravel more, still less resolvid,

The evening has the day bely'd,
But never find self-satisfying selution. Milton,
With hope and fear
And Phyllis is some forty-three.

Prior. The woman did the new solution hear;

6. One ; any, without determining which, The man diffides in his own augury,

The pilot of some small night-founder'd skift. And doubts. Dryden.

Milton, This will instruct you to give a plainer solution SO'MEBODY. R. s. [some and body.] of any difficulties that may attend the theme, 1. One ; not nobody ; a person indiscri. and refute objections.


minate and undetermined. SOʻLUTIVE, adj. [from solvo, Lat.] Lax O that sir Jolin were come, he would make ative ; causing relaxation.

this a bloody day to somebody. Though it would not be so abstersive, open Jesus said, somebody hath touched me; for I ing, and solutive as tead, yet it will be more perceive that virtue is gone out of me. Lute. lenitive in sharp diseases.

Bacon. If there be a tacit league, it is against someSOMATO'LOGY. n. s. [cüuere and néyw.] The what or somebody : who should they be? Is it doctrine of bodies.

against wild beasts? No; it is against such routs

and shoals of people as have utterly degenerated SOME. A termination of many adjectives,

from the laws of nature.

Bacoma which denote quality or property of If he had not done it when he did, somebody any thing. It is generally joined with else might have done it for him.

Heylin. a substantive : as gamesome. (saam,

We must draw in somebody, that may stand

"Twixt us and danger. Dutch.)


The hopes that what he has must come to SOME. adj. [rom, sum, Saxon; sıms,

somebody, and that he has no heirs, have that Gothick ; sum, German; som, Danish;

effect, that he has every day three or four insom, sommig, Dutch.]

vitations. 1. More or less, noting an indeterminate 2. A person of consideration. quantity,

Theudas rose up, boasting himself to be someWe landed some hundred men, where we found body.

Acts same fresh water.

Releigh. SO'MEDE A L. adv. (rumdeal, Saxon.] la 2. More or fewer, noting an indeterminate some degree. Obsolete. number.

Siker now I know thou speak'st of spite, Let me leave some of the folk that are with All for thou lackest somedele their delight. Genesis.

Spenser. First

go with me, some few of you, and see SO'MEHOW. adv. [some and how.) One the place, and how it may be made convenient

way or other; I know not how. for you; and then send for your sick. Bacan. The vesicular cells may be for receiving the 3. Certain persons. Some is often used ab arterial and nervous juices, that, by their acsolutely for some people ; part.

tion upon one another, they inay be swelled Some to the shores do fly,

somebow, so as to shorten the length of every Some to the woods, or whither fear advis'd; fibril.

Chegne. But running from, all to destruction hye. Daniel SO'MERSAULT.) n. s. [Somerset is the Not in the neighbouring moon, as some have

SO'MERSET. } corruption : sommer, a dream'd.


beam, and sault, Fr. a leap.) A leap by Your edicts some reclaim from sins, But most your life and blest example wins. which a jumper throws himself from a

Dryden. height, and turns over his head. 4. Some is opposed to some, or to others. SO'METHING. 1. s. [rumding, Sax.]

It may be that the queen's treasure, in so 1. A thing existing, though it appears not great occasions of disbursements, is not always what ; a thing or matter indeterminate. so ready; but being paid as it is, now some, and

When fierce Bavar then some, it is no great impoverishment to her Did from afar the British chief behold, coffers.


Betwixt despair and rage, and hope and pain, s. It is added to a number, to show that

Something within his warring bosom roll d. the number is uncertain and conjectural.

Prior. Being encountered with a strong storm some

The force of the air upon the pulmonary arcight leagues to the westward of Scilly, I held tery is but small, in respect of that of the heart; á the office of a commander to take a port. but it is still something;

Arbuthnot. Raleigh.

You'll say the whole world has something to At the higher end of a creek Milbrook lurk do, somet'ing to talk of, something to wish for, eth between two hills, a village of some eighty and something to be employed about; but pray houses.

Carew. put all these somethings together, and what is the Old men's spirits visual, contrary to those of sum total but just nothing? purblind men, unite not but when the object is Here she beholds the chaos dark and deep, #sata: good distance.

Bacon. Where nameless sometbings in their causes siecp. Su Edward Poinings, after he had continued




Pope. .

4. Part.


2. More or less ; not nothing.

He is somebat arrogant at his first entrance, Sometbing yet of doubt remains. Miltes. and is too inquisitive through the whole ; yet Years following years steal sornetbing ev'ry these imperfections hinder not our compassion. day,

Dryden. At last they steal us from ourselves away. Pope SO'MEWHERE. adv. (some and where.] In

Still from his little he could semetting spare, To feed the hungry, and to clothe the bare.

one place or other; not nowhere. Harte.

Hopeless and forlorn 3. A thing wanting a fixed denomination.

They are retum'd, and somewbere live obscurely.

Denbart. Sometbing between a cottage and a cell ; Yet virtue here could sleep, and peace could

Compressing two prisms hard together, that dwell


their sides, which by chance were a very little conver, might someerbere touch one another, I

found the place in which they touched to be Sometbing of it arises from our infant state.

come absolutely transparent, as if they had there

Watts, been one continued piece of glass. Newton. 5. Distance not great..

Does something still, and somewbere yet reI will acquaint you with the perfect spy o'th'

main, time; for 't must be done to-night, and some Reward or punishment ?

Prict. thing from the palace.

Sbakspeere. Of the dead we must speak gently; and there SO'METHING. odv. In some degree. fore, as Mr. Dryden says somierbere, peace be The pain went away upon it; but he was to its manes.

Popce sometbina discouraged tý a new pain falling some SO'MEWHILE, n. s. [some and abile.] days after upon his elbow on the other side.

Once ; for a time. Out of use. SO'METIME, adv. [some and time.]

Though under colour of the shepherds some

sebile, 1. Once ; formerly.

There crepe in wolves full of fraud and guile, What art thou that usurp'st this time of night, That often devoured their own sheep, Together with that fair and warlike form,

And often the shepherd that did 'em keep. In which the majesty of buried Denmark

Sperset. Did sometime march?

Sbakspeare. SOMNIFEROUS. adj. (somnifere, French; Good sometime queen, prepare thee hence for France.


somnifer, Latin. j Causing sleep; pro2. At one time or other hereafter.

curing sleep; soporiferous; dormitive. SO'METIMES. adv. [some and times.]

I wish for some somniferous potion, that might

force me to sleep away the intermediate time, 1. Not never; now and then; at one time

as it does with men in sorrow.

Walter. or other.

It is good that we sometimes be contradicted, SOMNIFICK. adj. [somnus and facio, Lat.] and that we always bear it well; for perfect peace

Causing sleep. cannot be had in this world.

Taylor. SO'MNOLENCY. n. s. [somnolentia, Latin.) 2. At one time : opposed to sometimes, or Sleepiness; inclination to sleep. to anot

ber time. The body passive is better wrought upon at

SON. n. s. [sunus, Gothick; runa, Saxon; sometimes than at others.


solm, German ; son, Swedish ; sone, Sometimes the one, and sometimes the other, Dutch ; syn, Sclavonian.] may be glanced upon in these scripture de. 1. A male born of one or begotten by one ; scriptions.

Burnet. correlative to father or mother. He writes not always of a piece, but some She had a son for her cradle, ere she had a times mixes trivial things with those of greater husband for her bed.

Sbakspeer?. moment: sometimes also, though not often, he Cast out this bondwoman and her son. Genesis. runs riot, and knows not when he has said

He compares the affection of the Divine Being enough.

Dryden. to the indulgence of a wise father, who would SO'MEWHAT. n. s. [some and what.) have his sons exercised with labour and pain, that 1. Something ; not nothing, though it be they may gather strength.

Addison. uncertain what.

2. Descendant, however distant : as, the Upon the sea someu bat methought did rise sons of Adam. Like blueish mists.

Dryden. I am the son of the wise, the son of ancient He that shuts his eyes against a small light, kings.

Isaiab. on purpose to avoid the sight of someze bat that 3. Compellation of an old to a young man,, displeases hiin, would, for the same reason, shut

or of a confessor to his penitent. them against the sun.


Be plain, good son, and homely in thy drift; 2. More or less.

Riddling contession finds but riddling shrift. Concerning every of these, somewbat Christ hath commanded, which must be kept till the 4. Native of a country.

Sbakspeare world's end : on the contrary side, in every of

Britain then them somewbat there may be added, as the

Sees arts her savage sons controul. Pope. church judges it expedient.

Hooker. These salts have somerehat of a nitrous taste, s. The second person of the Trinity. but mixt with a smatch of vitriolick. Grow.

If thou be the son of God, come down. Mett. 3. Part, greater or less.

6. Product of any thing. Somerubat of his good sense will suffer in this

Our imperfections prompt our corruption, and transfusion, and much of the beauty of his

loudly tell us we are sons of earth. Brown. thoughts will be lost.


Earth's tall sons, the cedar, oak, and pine, SO'MEWHAT. adv. In some degree.

Their parents' undecaying strength declare. The flowre of armes, Lycymnius, that some

Blackmore. wbat aged grew.


7. In scripture, senis of pride, and sons of Holding of the breath doth help somewbat to light, denoting some quality. It is a sease the hiccougļi.

Bacon hebraism.

on :


Thy age,

like ours,

This new fav'rite

Either sorgster holding out their throats, Of heav'n, this inan of clay, son of despite. And folding up their wings, renuwd their notes. Milton.

Dryden. SON-IN-LAW. n. s. One married to ope's SO'NGSTRESS. n. s. [from song.] A finale daughter.

singer. If virtue no benigheed beauty lack,

Through the soft silence of the listening night Your son-in-law is far more fair than black. The sober-suited song stress erills her la Shakspeare.

Inson. A foreign son-in-law shall come from far, SO'NNET. n. s. sonnet, French; sonnetio, Whose race shall bear aloft the Latian name. Italian.)


1. A short poem consisting of fourteen SO'NSHIP. n. s. [from son.] Filiation; the lines, of which the ruymes are au used character of a son.

by a particular rule. It is not very suitThe apostle to the Hebrews makes afflictions able to the English language ; and has not only incident but necessary to christianity, not been used by any man of eminence the badge and cognizance of sonship.

Decay of Piety.

since Milton, of whose sonncts this is a SON A'T A. n. s. [Italian.] A tune.

specimen. He whistled a Scorch tune, and an Italian

A book was writ of late callid Tetrachordon, sonata.


And woven close, both matter, form, and stile; Could Pedro, think you, make no trial

The subject new : it walk'd the town a-while, Of a sonata on his viol,

Numb'ring good intellects, now seldom por'd Unless he had the total gut Whence every string at first was cut ? Prior.

Cries the stall-reader, Bless us, what a word on SONG. n. s. [from sesungen, Saxon.]

A title-page is this! and some in file

Stand spelling false, while one might walk to 1. Any thing modulated in the utterance.

MileNoise other than the sound of dance and song. End-green. Why is it harder, sirs, than Gore


don, He first thinks fit no sonnetter advance

Colkitto, or Macdonnel, or Galasp? His censure farther than the song or dance.

Those rugged names to our like mouths Dryden.

grow sleek, 2. A poem to be modulated by the voice; That would have made Quintilian stare and a ballad.

gasp : Pardon, goddess of the night,

soul of sir John Cheek, Tlose that slew thy virgin knight ;

Hated not learning worse than toad or asp, For the which, with songs of woe,

When thou taught'st Cambridge and king Round about his tomb they go!

Edward Greek.

In her days ev'ry man shall sing,

2. A small poem. The merry songs of peace to all his neighbours. Let us into the city presently,

Shakspeare. To sort some gentlemen well skill'd in musick; 3. A poem ; lay; strain.

I have a sonnet that will serve the turn. Shaksp. The bard that first adorn’d our native tongue, SONNETTE'ER. n. s. [sonnetier, Fr. from Tun'd to his British lyre this ancient song. Dryd.

sonnet.] A small poet, in contempt. There we a while will rest;

Assist me, some extemporal god of rhime; for Our next ensuing song to wond'rous things ad

I am sure I shall turn sonnetter.


There are as many kinds of gardening as of 4. Poetry ; poesy:

poetry : your makers of parterres and HowerThis subject for heroick song pleased me. gardens are epigramınatists and sonnetteers in this Milton.

Spectator. Names memorable long,

What woful stuff this madrigal would be, If there be force in virtue or in song.

In some starv'd hackney sonnetteer or me! 5. Notes of birds.

But let a lord once own the happy lines,
The lark, the messenger of day,

How the wit brightens! how the style refines! Saluted in her song the morning grey. Dryden.

Popes 6. Old SONG. A trifie.

SONI'FEROUS. adj. [sonus and fero, Lat.] I do not intend to be thus put off with an old

Giving or bringing sound. song:


This will appear, let the subject matter of Å hopef:) youth, newly advanced to great

sounds be what it will; either the atmosphere, or honour, was forced by a cobler to resign all for

the etherial part thereof, or soniferous particles an oid song.

of bodies.

Derban. SO'NGIS!. adj. [from song.] Containing SONORIFICK. adj. [sonorus and facio,

songs ; consisting of songs. A low Lat.] Producing sound. word.

If he should ask me why a clock strikes, and The songisb part must abound in the softness points to the hour ; and I should say, it is by an and variety of numbers, its intention being to indicating form and sonorifick quality, this would please the hearing.

Watts. Dryden.

be unsatisfactory. SO'NGSTER. n. s. [from song.) A singer. SONOROUS. adj. (sonore, Fr. sonorus,

Latin.) Used of huinan singers, it is a word of slight contempt.

1. Loud sounding; giving loud or shrill

sound. Bodies are distinguished as soThe pretty songsters of the spring, with their various notes, did seem to welcome him as he norous or unsonorons. passed.


All rhe while Some songsters can no more sing in any cham. Sonorous metal blowing martial sounds; ber but their own, chan somne clerks read in any At which the universal host up sent buok but their own,


A shout that tore hell's concave. Miltor. VOL. IV.




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