« ZurückWeiter »
their heads !o strongly, that we can hear their Licks the soil'd earth, pockets jingle. Swift. While reeking with a mangled Ombit's blood.
Tate. SO'FTNESS. n. s. [from soft.] 1. The quality of being soft; quality con
If the eye-glass be tincted faintly with the
smoke of a lamp or torch, to obscure the light trary to hardness.
of the star, the fainter light in the circumfeSoftness cometh by the greater quantity of rence of the star ceases to be visible, and the spirits, which ever induce yielding and cession; star, if the glass be sufficiently seiled with smoke, and by the more equal spreading of the tangible
appears something more like a mathematical parts, which thereby are more sliding and fol.
Newton. lowing; as in gold.
Bacon. An absent hero's bed they sought to soil, 2. Mildness; kindness.
An absent hero's wealth they made their spoil. A wise man, when there is a necessity of ex
Pope. pressing any evil actions, should do it by a word 2. To dụng; to manure. that has a secondary idea of kindness or softness; Men now present, just as they soil their or a word that carries in it rebuke and severity. ground, not that they love the dirt, but that they
South. 3. Civility ; gentleness.
3. To soil a horse ; to purge him by giv. They turn the softness of the tongue into the
ing him grass in the spring. It is in hardness of the teeth.
Holyday. Improve these virtues, with a softness of man
Shakspeare to glut. [saculler, French.) ners, and a sweetness of conversation. Dryden. Soil, n. s. [from the verb.)
The soiled horse.
Sbakspeare 4. Effeminacy; vitious delicacy.
So long as idleness is quite shut out from our 1. Dirt ; spot; pollution ; foulness. lives, all the sins of wantonness, softness, and
By indirect ways effeminacy, are prevented; and there is but I met this crown; and I myself know well little room for temptation.
Taylor. How troublesome it sat upon my head : He was not delighted with the softnesses of the To thee it shall descend with better quiet;
For all the soil of the achievement goes s. Timorousness ; pusillanimity.
With me into the earth.
Sbakspeare. This virtue could not proceed out of fear or
That would be a great soil in the new gloss of softness; for he was valiant and active. Bacon,
Sbakspeare. Saving a man's self, or suffering, if with rea
Vexed I am with passions, son, is virtue: if without it, is softness or obsti
Which give some soil perhaps to my behaviour. nay. Gret.
A lady's honour must be touch'd, 6. Quality contrary to harshness.
Which, nice as ermines, will not bear a soil. Dryd. Softness of sounds is distinct from the exility of sounds.
2. (sol, French; solum, Latin.] Ground
earth, considered with relation to its 7. Facility ; gentleness; candour ; easiness to be affected.
vegetative qualities. Such was the ancient simplicity and softness of
Judgment may be made of waters by the soil whereupon they run.
Bacon. . spirit which sometimes prevailed in the world, that they, whose words were even as oracles
Her spots thou see'st amongst men, seemed evermore loth to give
As clouds, and clouds may rain, and rain pro
duce sentence against any thing publickly received in
Fruits in her soften'd soil.
Milton. the church of God.
The first cause of a kingdom's thriving is the 8. Contrariety to energetick vehemence.
fruitfulness of the soil, to produce the necessaWho but thyself the mind and ear can please
ries and conveniencies of life; not only for the With strength and softness, cnergy and ease ? inhabitants, but for exportation. Harte.
3. Land; country. 9. Mildness; meekness.
Dorset, that with fearful soul
Leads discontented steps in foreign soil,
To high promotions.
Sbakspeare. This softness from thy finger took. Waller.
O unexpected stroke, worse than of death! Soho. interj. A form of calling from a
Must I thus leave thee, Paradise! thus leave distant place.
Thee, native soil! these happy walks and shades,
Milion. To Soil. v. a. [rilian, Saxon ; soelen, old
4. Dung; compost. German; souiller, French.]
The haven has been stopped up by the great 1. To foul; to dirt; to poliute; to stain; heaps of dirt that the sea has thrown into it; for to sully.
all the soil on that side of Ravenna has been left A silly man in simple weeds forlorn,
there insensibly by the sea.
Addison. And soild with dust of the long dried way.
Improve land by dung, and other sort of soils. Fairy Queen.
Mortimer. Although some hereticks have abused this Soi'uinESS. n. s. [from soil.] Stain; foultext, yet the sun is not soiled in passage. Bacon. ness. If I soil
Make proof of the incorporation of silver and Myself with sin, I then but vainly toil. Sandys. tin, whether it yield no soiliness more than silver. I would not soil these pure ambrosial weeds
Bacon. With the rank vapours of this sin-worn mould.
SOI'LURE, n. s. [from soil.] Stain ; polluMilton,
tion. Bad fruit of knowledge, if this be to know, Which leaves us naked thus, of honour void,
He merits well to have her, Of innocence, of faith, of purity,
Not making any scruple of her scilure. Sbaksp. Our wonted ornaments now soil'd and stain'd. To SO'JOURN. v. n. (sejourner, French; Milton. seggiornare, Italian.]
To dwell any One, who cou'd n't for a taste o' th' filesh where for a time; to live as not at
home; to inhabit as not in a settled ha
Give me leave to go; bitation. Almost out of use.
Sorrow would solace, and my age would ease. If, till the expiration of your month,
Sbakspeare. You will return, and sojourn with my sister,
Great joy he promis’d to his thoughts,and new Solace in her return.
Milton, Dismissing half your train, come then to me.
If I would delight my private hours Th' advantage of his absence took the king,
With musick or with poem, where so soon And in the mean time sojourn'd at my father's.
As in our native language can I find
Milton How comes it he is to sojourn with you? how
Though sight be lost, creeps acquaintance ?
Life yet hath many solaces, enjoyd Heredwells he; though he sojourn every where
Where other senses want not their delights,
At home in leisure and domestick ease, in progress, yet his standing house is here.
Exempt from many a care and chance, to which The sojourning of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt,
Eye-sight exposes daily men abroad.
Milton, was four hundred and thirty years. Exodus.
Through waters and through flames I'll go, The soldiers first assembled at Newcastle, and
Suffrer and solace of thy woe.
Prior. there sojourned three days. Hayward. SOLA'NDER. 1. s. [soulandres, French.) To sojourn in that land
A disease in horses.
Dict. He comes invited.
Milton. So'lar. | adj. [solaire, French ; solaris, He who sojourns in a foreign country, refers SO'LARY. Latin.] what he sees abroad to the state of things at home.
1. Being of the sun.
The corpuscles that make up the beams of SO'JOURN. n. s. [sejour, French ; from
light be solary effluviums, or minute particles of the verb.) A temporary residence ; a some ethereal substance, thrusting on one ancasual and no settled habitation. This other from the lucid body.
Boykes word was anciently accented on the last Instead of golden fruits, syllable : Milton accents it indifferently.
By genial show'rs and solar heat supply'da
Unsufferable winter had defac'd
2. Belonging to the sun.
Bacon. Scarce view'd the Galilean towns,
Scripture hath been punctual in other records, And once a-year Jerusalem, few days
concerning solury miracles.
Browe. Sabort sojourn.
Milton. 3. Born under or in the predominant inSO'JOURNER. n. s. [from sojourn.] A fluence of the sun. temporary dweller.
The cock was pleas'd to hear him speak so We are strangers and sojourners, as were all
fair, our fathers: our days on earth are as a shadow. And proud beside, as solar people are. Dryderio
1 Chronicles. 4. Measured by the sun. Waves o'erthrew
The rule to find the moon's age, on any day Busiris, and his Memphian chivalry,
of any solar month, cannot shew precisely an While with perfidious hatred they pursu'd exact account of the moon, because of the ineThe sojourners of Goshen.
Milton. quality of the motions of the sun and moon, and Not for a night, or quick revolving year; the number of days of the solar months. Holder, Welcome an owner, not a sojourner. Dryden. SOLD. The pret. and part. pass. of sell. TO SOʻLACE. v. a. (solacier, old French; SOLD. n. s. (soutdée, old Fr. Trevoux.}
solazzare, Italian ; solatium, Latin.] To Military pay ; warlike entertainment. comfort ; to cheer; to amuse.
But were your will her sold to entertain, We will with some strange pastime solace And number'd be 'mongst knights of maidenthem.
head, The birds with song
Great guerdon, well I wot, should you reSdaid the woods.
Milton. T. SO'LACE. v. n. To take comfort ; to And in her favour high be reckoned. Fairy Quo, be recreated. Obsolete.
So'ldan. n. s. [for sultan.] The emOne poor and loving child,
perour of the Turks. But one thing to rejoice and solace in,
They at the soldan's chair defied the best. And cruel death hath catch'd it from my sight.
Milton, Sbakspear.. SO'LDANEL. n. s. (soldanella, Latin.] A Were they to be rul'd, and not to rule,
Miller, This sickly land might solace as before. Sbaksp. SO'LACE. n. s. [solatium, Latin.] Comfort; TO SO'LDER. v. a. (soudre, Fr. soldare,
pleasure ; alleviation; that which gives Italian ; solidare, Latin.] See Soder. comfort or pleasure ; recreation; amuse 1. To unite or fasten with any kind of ment.
metallick cement. Therein sat a lady fresh and fair,
A concave sphere of gold, filled with water, Making swect solace to herself alone;
and soldered up, has, upon pressing the sphere Sometimes she sung as loud as lark in air, with great force, let the water squeeze through Sometimes she laugh'd, that nigh her breath it, and stand all over its outside in mulcitudes of was gone.
Spenser, small drops like dew, without bursting or crackIf we have chat which is meet and right, al ing the body of the gold.
Newtona though they be glad, we are not to envy them 2. To mend; to unite any thing broken. this their selace; we do not think it a duty of It booteth them not thus to solder up a broken ours to be wh every such thing their tormentors. cause, whereof their first and last discourses will Hooker. fall asunder,
Wars 'twixtyou twain would be SO'LDIERY. n. s. [from soldier.] As if the world should cleave, and that slain
1. Body of military men ; soldiers col. Should solder up the rift. Sbakspeare.
lectively. Thou visible god,
The Memphian soldiery, That sold"rest close impossibilities,
That swell’d the Erythrean wave, when wall'd, And mak'st them kiss!
The unfroze waters marvellously stood. Philips, Learnd he was in med'c'nal lore;
I charge not the soldiery with ignorance and For by his side a pouch he wore
contempt of learning, without allowing excep
tions. Replete with strange hermetick powder,
Swift. That wounds nine miles point-blank would solder.
2. Soldiership; military service.
Hudibras. Offering him, if he would exercise his courage The naked cynick’s jar ne'er flames; if broken, in soldiery, he would commit some charge unto T'is quickly solder'd, or a new bespoken. Dryd.
him under his lieutenant Philanax. Sidricy. At the Restoration the presbyterians, and SOLE. n. s. [soluin, Latin.] other sects, did all unite and solder up their se 1. The bottom of the foot. veral schemes, to join against the church. Swift.
I will only be bold with Benedict for his comSO'LDER.». s. [from the verb.] Metallick
pany; for from the crown of his head to the sole cement. A metallick body that will of his foot he is all mirth.
Sbakspeare. melt with less heat than the body to be Tickling is most in the seles of the feet: the soldered.
cause is, the rareness of being touched there.
Bacon, Goldsmiths say, the coarsest stuff Will serve for solder well enough. Szrift.
The soles of the feet have great affinity with SOʻLDERER. N. s. [froin solder.] One that
the head and the mouth of the stomach; as going
wetshod, to those that use it not, affecteth both. solders or mends.
Bacon, SOʻLDIER. n. s. (soldat, Fr. from solida. Such resting found the sole of unblest feer. rius, low Lat. of solidus, a piece of mo
Miltene ney, the pay of a soldier; sou!dée, Fr.]
In the make of the camel's foot, the sole is fat A fighting man; a warriour. Originally
and broad, being very fleshy, and covered only
with a thick, soft, and somewhat callous skin, fit one who served for pay. Your sister is the better soldier. Sbakspeare. 2. The foot.
to travel in sandy places.
To redeem thy woful parent's head
From tyrant's rage and ever-dying dread,
Hast wander'd through the world now long a Full of strange oaths and bearded like a pard, Jealous in honour, sudden and quick in quarrel,
day, Sceking the bubble reputation
Yet ceasest not thy weary sales to lead. F.Qures, Ev'n in the cannon's mouth. Sbakspeare. 3. (solea, Lat.] The bottom of the shoe.
A hateful service, that dissolv'd the knees Nay, gentle Romeo, we must have you dance. Of many a soldier.
-Not I, believe me: you have dancing shoes, I have not yet forgot I am a king:
With nimble soles.
Shakspeare. If I have wrong'd thee, charge me face to face; On fortune's cap we are not the very button. I have not yet forgor I am a soldier. Dryden.
-Nor the soles of her shoes. Shakespeare. 2. It is generally used of the common men,
The caliga was a military shoe, with a very as distinct from the commanders.
thick sole, tied above the instep with leather It were meet that any one, before he came to
Arbutbret, be a captain, should have been a soldier. Spenser. 4. The part of any thing that touches the SOʻLDIERLIKE. I adj. (soldier and like.] ground. SOʻLDIERLY. I Martial; warlike; mi.
The strike-block is a plane shorter than the litary; becoming a soldier.
jointer, having its sole made exactly flat and
straight, and is used for the shooting of a short Although at the first they had fought with
Mexon. beastly tury rather than any soldierly discipline,
Elm is proper for mills, soles of wheels, and practice had now made them comparable to the best.
Mortimer. Sidney. I will maintain the word with my sword to be s. A kind of sea fish. a soldierlike word, and a word of good command.
Of fiat fish, rays, thornbacks, soles, and howks. şbakspeare.
Carro. They, according to a soldierly custom, in cases
To SOLE. v. a. [from the noun.] To furo of extremity, by interchange of a kiss by every
nish with soles: as, to sole a pair of of them upon the swords of others, sealed a re shoes. solution to maintain the place. Huyrrard. His feet were soled with a treble cuft of a close Enemies as well as friends confessed, that it short tawncy down.
Grew. was as soldierly an action as had been performed on either side.
SOLE. adj. [sol, old Fr. solus, Lat.]
Clarendon. SO'LDIERSHIP. n. s. [from soldier.] Mili
1. Single ; only. tary character; martial qualities ; be
Take not upon thee to be judge alone: there
is no sole judge but only one: say not to others, haviour becoming a soldier ; martial
Receive my sentence, when their authority skill.
Hooker. Thy father and myself in friendship
Orpheus every where expressed the infinite and First tried our soldiership: he did look far sole power of one God, though he used the name Into the service of the ume, and was
Raleigh. Discipled of the bravest.
Sbakspeare. To me shall be the glory sole among
Milton. The absolute soldiersbip you have by land,
rattling tempest through the branches went, Distract your army, which doch most consist That stripp'd them bare, and one sole way they Of war-mark'd footmen. Sbakspeare.
He, sole in power, at the beginning said, 2. Religious ceremony. Let sea, and air, and earth, and heav'n, be made;
3. Awful ceremony or procession. And it was so: and, when he shall ordain
The lady Constance, In other sort, has but to speak again,
Some speedy messenger bid repair
Sbakspeare 2. [In law.) Not married.
The moon, like to a silver bowy Some others are such as a man cannot make New bent in heaven, shall behold the night his wife, though he himself be sole and unmar Of our solemnities.
Ayliffe. There may be greater danger in using such So'LECISM. n. s. (coloixio puós.] Unfitness compositions in churches, at arraignments, plays, of one word to another; impropriety in
Bacon. language. A barbarism may be in one
What fun'ral pomp shall floating Tiber see,
When rising from his bed he views the sad soword, a solecism must be of more. There is scarce a solecism in writing which
Dryden, the best author is not guilty of, if we be at
Though the forms and solemnities of the last liberty to read him in the words of some manu
judgment may bear some resemblance to those
we are acquainted with here, yet the rule of script.
proceeding shall be very different. Atterbury, SO'LELY, adv. [from sole. ] Singly; only. You knew my father well, and in him me,
4. Manner of acting awfully serious.
With much more skilful cruelty, and horrible Left solely heir to all his lands. Sbakspeare. This night's great business
solemnity, he caused each thing to be prepared for his triumph of tyranny.
Sidney. . Shall to all our nights and days to come Give selely sovereign sway and masterdom. Shak. 5. Gravity ; steady seriousness. That the intemperate heat of the clime solely
The stateliness and gravity of the Spaniards occasions this complexion, experience admits not.
shews itself in the solemnity of their language. Brown,
Spectator. This truth is pointed chiefly, if not solely, up
6. Awful grandeur; grave stateliness ; soon sinners of the first rate, who have cast off all ber dignity: regard for piety.
Atterbury A diligent decency was in Polycletus, above They all chose rather to rest the cause solely others; to whom though the highest praise be en logical disputation, than upon the testimonies attributed by the mos., yet some think he of the ancients. Waterland. wanted solemness.
Wotton. SOʻLEMN. adj. [solemnel, French; solem. 7. Affected gravity. nis, Latin.]
Pr’ythee, Virgilia, turn thy solemness out
'o' door, 1. Anniversary; observed once a year with
And go along with us.
Sbakspears. religious ceremonies.
Be this truth eternal ne'er forgot, The worship of this image was advanced, and
Solemnity 's a cover for a sot. a solemn supplication observed every year.
Young. This speech ended with a solemnity of accent. Stilling flest.
Female Quixotie $. Religiously grave; awful.
SOLEMNIZA’TION. n. s. [from solemnize. His holy rites and solemn feasts profan'd. Milt.
The act of solemnizing ; celebration. 3. Formal ; ritual; religiously regular. Soon followed the solemnization of the marThe necessary business of a man's calling,
riage between Charles and Anne dutchess of with some, will not afford much time for set and
Bretagne, with whom he received the dutchy solenn prayer:
Duty of Man.
Bacun. 4. Striking with seriousness; sober; seri To SO'LEMNIZE. v.a. [solemniser, French; ous.
from solemn.) Then 'gan he loudly through the house to call, But no one care to answer to his cry;
1. To dignisy by particular formalities; to There reign'd a solemn silence over all. F.Quee.
celebrate. To 'swage with solemn touches troubled
Dorilaus in a great battle was deprived of life; thoughts.
Milien. his obsequics being no more sotemnized by the Nor then the solemn nightingale ceas'd warb
tears of his partakers than the blood of his eneling.
Sidnega s. Grave; affectedly serious.
Baptism to be administered in one place, and When Steele reflects upon the many solemn
marriage solemnized in another. Hook:r.
Then 'gan they sprinkle all the parts with strong barriers to our succession of laws and
wine, oaths, he thinks all fear vanisheti: so do I, provided the epithet solemn goes for nothing; be
And made great feast to solemnize that day. cause, though I have heard of a solemın day, and
The multitude of the celestial host were heard a solemn coxcomb, yet I can conceive no idea of a selama barrier.
to solemnize his miraculous birth. Boyle.
Their choice nobility and flower SO'LEMNESS. n. s. [solemnité, Fr. from
Met from all parts to solemnize this feast. Milt. SOLEMNITY.S solemn.]
2. To perform religiously once a year. 1. Ceremony or rite annually performed. What commandment the Jews had to celebrate
Were these annual solemnities only practised in their feast of dedication, is never spoken of in the church?
the law, yet solemnized even by our Saviour himThough the days of solemnity, which are but self.
Hooker. few, must quickly finish that outward exercise SOLEMNLY. adv. [from solemn.] of devotion which appertains to such times; yet they increase men's inward dispositions to virtue
1. With annual religious ceremonies. for the present, and, by their frequent returns,
2. With formal gravity and stateliness ; bring the same at length to perfection. Nelson. with affected gravity. Great was the cause; our old solemnities
There are, in points of wisdom and sufficiency, From no blind zeal or fond tradition rise ;
that do nothing or little very solemnly. Bacon. But, sav'd from death, our Argives yearly pay
The ministers of state, who gave us law, These grateful honours to the god of day. Pope. In corners, with selected friends, withdraw;
'There in deaf murmurs solemnly are wise, their continual use for the king's service requires Wbisp'ring like winds ere hurricanes arise. men every way fit.
Bacon. Dryden. SOLICITOUS. adj. [solicitus, Latin.] 3. With formal state.
Anxious; careful ; concerned. It has Let him land,
commonly about before that which And solemnly see him set on to London. Shakse
causes anxiety; sometimes for or of. 4. With religious seriousness. To demonstrate how much men are blinded
For is proper before something to be
obtained. by their own partiality, ! do solemnly assure the reader, that he is the only person from whom I
Our hearts are pure, when we are not solicitous ever heard that objection.
of the opinion and censures of men, but only TO SOLICIT. v. a. (solicito, Latin.]
that we do our duty.
Enjoy the present, whatsoever it be, and be ļ. To importune ; to entreat.
not solicitous for the future.
Taylor. If you bethink yourself of any crime,
The colonel had been intent upon other Unreconcil'd as yet to heav'n and grace, things, and not enough solicitous to finish the Solicit for it straight. Sbakspeare. fortifications.
Clarendou. We heartily solicit
In providing money for disbanding the armies, Your gracious self to take on you the charge upon which they were marvellously solicitous, And kingly government of this your land. Sbak, there arose a question,
Clarendon. How he sclicits heav'n
They who were in truth zealous for the preHimself best knows; but strangely visited people, servation of the laws, were solicitous to preserve The mere despair of surgery, he cures. Sbaksp. the king's honour from any indignity, and his Did I request thee, Maker! from my clay
regal power from violation. Clareadon. To mold me man? Did I solicit thee
Laud attended on his majesty, which he would From darkness to promote me?
Milton. have been excused from, if that design had not The guardian of my faith so false did prove, been in view, to accomplish which he was solja As to solicit me with lawless love.
citous for his advice.
Clarendon, 2. To call to action ; to summon; to There kept their watch the legions, while the awake ; to excite.
grand This supernatural soliciting,
In council sat, solicitous what chance Cannot be ill, cannot be good. Sbakspeare.
Might intercept their emperour sent. Milton. Solicit Henry with her wend'rous praise ;
Without sign of boast, or sign of joy, Bethink thee on her virtues that surmount
Solicitous and blank, he thus began. Milton. Her nat'ral graces, that extinguish art. Sbaksp.
No man is solicitous about the event of that That fruit solicited her longing eye. Milton.
which he has in his power to dispose of. Soutb. Sounds and some tangible qualities solicit their You have not only been careful of my fortune, proper senses, and force an entrance to the the effect of your nobleness; but you have been mind.
Locke. solicitous of my reputation, which is that of your He is solicited by popular custom to indulge
Drydena himself in forbidden liberties.
The tender dame, solicitous to know 3. To implore ; to ask.
Whether her child should reach old age or no, With that she wept again; till he again so
Consults the sage Tiresias.
Addison. liciting the conclusion of her story, Then must
How lawful and praiseworthy is the care of a you, said she, know the story of Amphialus ?
family! And yet how certainly are many people Sidney.
rendered incapable of all virtue, by a worldly solicitous temper!
Law, 4. To attempt ; to try to obtain.
I view my crime, but kindle at the view; SOLICITOUSLY. adv. [from solicitous.]
Boyle: I find your love, and would reward it too; He would surely have as solicitously promoted But anxious fears solicit my weak breast. Dryd. their learning, as ever he obstructed it. SOLICITA'TION. n. s. [from solicit.]
Decay of Piety. 1. Importunity; act of importuning. SOLICITUDE. n. s. [solicitudo, Latin.) I can produce a man
Anxiety ; carefulness. Of female seed, far abler to resist
In this, by comparison, we behold the many all his solicitations, and at length
cares and great labours of worldly men, their All his vast force, and drive him back to hell.
slicitude and outward shews, and publick ostenMilton.
tion, their pride, and vanities. Raleigh. 2. Invitation ; excitement.
If they would but provide for eternity with Children are surrounded with new things, the same solicitude, and real care, as they do for which, by a constant solicitation of their senses,
this life, they could not fail of heaven. Tillotson. draw the mind constantly to them. Loche.
They are to be known by a wonderful solici. SOLICITOR. N. s. [from solicit.]
tude for the reputation of their friends. Tatler. 1. One who petitions for another. Soli'CITRESS. n. s. [feminine of solicitor.) Be merry, Cassio;
A woman who petitions for another. For thy solicitor shall rather die
I had the most carnest solicitress, as well as Than give thy cause away, Sbakspeare.
the fairest; and nothing could be refused to my Honest minds will consider poverty as a re
Dryden. commendation in the person who applies himself to them, and make the justice of his cause SOʻLID. adj. [solidus, Lat. solide, Fr.]
the most powerful solicitor in his behalf. Addison. 1. Not liquid, not fluid. 2. One who does in Chancery the business
Land that ever burn'd which is done by attorneys in other
With solid, as the lake with liquid fire. Miltax..
2. Not hollow; full of matter; cumpact; courts. For the king's attorney and solicitor general,