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ter as occurs.
thing done or known. Corrupted, I his garrisons, and his feastings, wherein he was think, from cessek.
only sumptuous, could not but soak his exI would not have thee linger in thy pain :
So'a KER. n. s. [from soak.]
Dryden. 2. A great drinker. In low language. 20. So so. [cosi cosi, Italian.] Indiffer- SOAP. n. s. [rape, Saxon ; sapo, Lat.) A ently; not much amiss nor well.
substance used in washing, made of a He's not very call; yet for his years he's tall; lixivium of vegetable alkaline ashes and His leg is but so so, and yet 't is well. Sbaksp. Deliver us from the nauseous repetition of As
ary unctuous substance. and So, which some so se writers, I may call
Soap is a mixture of a fixed alkaline salt and
oil; its virtues are cleansing, penetrating, attethem so, are continually sounding in our cars.
nuating, and resolving; and any mixture of any
oily substance with salt may be called a soap. 41. So then. Thus then it is that; there.
He is like a refiner's fire, and like fullers soap. So tben the Volscians stand but'as at first,
Malacbi. Ready, when time shall prompt them, to make A bubble blown with water, first made tena
cious by dissolving a little soap in it, after a Upon 's again.
Sbakspeare. while will appear tinged with a great variety of To a war are required a just quarrel, suffi colours.
Newton. cient forces, and a prudent choice of the de Soap-earth is found in great quantity on the signs : ss then, I will first justify the quarrel, ba land near the banks of the river Hermus, seven Clance the forces, and propound designs. Bacon. miles from Smyrna.
W codward. To SOAR. v. n. [socian, Saxon.]
Soap-ashes are much commended, after the 1. To lie steeped in moisture.
soap-boilers have done with them, for cold or For thy conceit in soaking will draw in
Mortimer. More than the common blocks. Shakspeare.
As rain-water diminishes their salt, so the 2. To enter by degrees into pores.
moistening of them with chamber-lee or soogsuds adds thereto.
Mortimer. Lay a heap of earth in great frosts upon a hollow vessel, putting a canvass between, and SOAPBOI'LER. n. s. [sonp and boil.] One pour water upon it, so as to soak through : it whose trade is to make soap. will make a harder ice in the vessel, and less apt A soapboiler condoles with me on the duties to dissolve than ordinarily. Bacon. on castle-soap.
Addison. Rain, seaking into the strata which lie near SO'APWORT. n. s. [japonaria, Lat.] A the surface, bears with it all such moveable mat species of campion.
To SOAR. v.n. [sorare, Italian.] 3. To drink gluttonously and intemper. 1. To fly aloft; to tower; to mount ; ately. This is a low term.
properly to fly without any visible acLet a drunkard see that his health decays, his tion of the wings. Milton uses it ac, estate wastes, yet the habitual thirst after his
tively. cups drives him to the tavern, though he has in
'Tis but a base ignoble mind his view the loss of health and plenty; the least
That mounts no higher than a bird can soar. of which he confesses is far greater than the
Sbakspeare. tickling of his palate with a glass of wine, or the
Feather'd soon and Medgid, idle chat of a soaking club.
Locke. To SOAK. v. a.
They summ'd their pens, and soaring th' air
sublime, 1. To macerate in any moisture; to steep ; With clang despis'd the ground. Milton.
to keep wet till moisture is imbibed ; to 2. To mount intellectually; to tower with drench.
the mind. Many of our princes
How high a pitch his resolution soars. Shaks. Lie drown'd and soak'd in mercenary blood :
Valour soars above So do our vulgar drench their peasant limbs What the world calls misfortune and afflictions. in blood of princes
Addison. Their land shall be soaked with blood. Isaiah.
3. To rise high. There deep Galesus suaks the yellow sands.
Who aspires must down as low
Milton. Wormwood, put into the brine you soek Flames rise and sink by fits; at last they soar your corn in, prevents the birds eating it.
In one bright blaze, and then descend no more. Mortimer,
Dryden. 2. To draw in through the pores.
When swallows fleet soar high, and sport in _Thou, whose life 's a dream of lazy pleasure :
air, 'T is all thy bus'ness, bus'ness how to shun; He told us that the welkin would be clear. Gay. To bask thy naked body in the sun, Suppling thy stiffen'd joints with fra oil;
SOAR. n. s. [from the verb.] Towering Then in thy spacious garden walk a while, flight. To suck che moisture up and soak it in. Dryd.
Within soar 3. To drain; to exhaust. This seems to Of tow'ring eagles, to all the fowls he seems be a cant term, perhaps used erroneously To*sob. v. n. [reob, complaining, Saxon,
Milton. for suck. Plants that draw much nourishment from the
Perhaps it is a mere onomatopeia copied earth, and soak and exhaust it, hurt all things from the sound.] To heave audibly with that grow by them.
Bacon, convulsive sorrow; to sigh with con. A greater sparer than a saver; for though he vuision. had such meatas to accumulate, yet his forts, and When thy warlike father, like a child,
Told the sad story of my father's death, Shall vield up all their vittue, all their fame
Milton. As if her life and death lay on bis saying, Be your designs ever so good, your intentions Sone tears she shed, with sighs and sobbings ever so sober, and your searches directed in the mixt,
fear of God.
Waterland. As it her hopes were dead through his delaying. 5. Serious; solemn; grave.
Petruchio She sigh'd, she sebb'd, and furious with de
Shall offer me, disguis'd in sober robes, spair,
To old Baptista as a schoolmaster. Sbakspesn. She rent her garments, and she tore her
Come, civil night,
Drwen. Thou sober-suited matron, all in black. Sbaks. When children have not the power to obtain
Twilight grey their desire, they will, by their clamour and Had in her sober liv'ry all things clad. Afiltea. sobbing, maintain their title to it. Locke.
What parts gay France from sober Spain? I sobb’d; and with faint eyes
A little rising rocky chain : Look'd upwards to the Ruler of the skies. Harte. Of men born south or north o'th' hill, Sob. n. s. (from the verb.] A convulsive Those seldom move, these ne'er stand still.
Prior. sigh; a convulsive act of respiration ob
For Swift and him despis'd the farce of state, structed by sorrow.
The sober follies of the wise and great. Pope. Break, heart, or choak with sobs my hated
See her sober over a sampler, or gay over a breaths jointed baby
Popo. Do thy own work, admit no foreign death.
TO SO'BER. v. a. [from the adjective.]
Dryden. There oft are heard the notes of infant woe,
To make sober: to cure of intoxication. The short thick seb, loud scream, and shriller
A little learning is a dangerous thing; squall.
Drink deep, or taste not the Pierian spring; A wond'rous bag with both her hands she
'There shallow draughts intoxicate the brain, binds :
And drinking largely sobers us again. Pepe. There she collects the force of female lungs, So'BERLY. odv. (from sober.] Sighs, sobs, and passions, and the war of tongues. 1. Without intemperance.
2. Without madness. TO SOB, v. a. To soak. A cant word.
3. Temperately; moderately. The tree being sobbed and wet, swells. Alort.
Let any prince think seberi; of his forces So'BER, adj. (sobrius, Lat. sobre, Fr.] except his militia of natives be valiant soldiers. 1. Temperate, particularly in liquors; not
4. Coolly ; calmly. Live a sober, righteous, and godly life. Com. Pr. Whenever children are chastised, let it be done The vines give wine to the drunkard as well
without passion, and soberly, laying on the blows as to the sober man. Taylor. slowly.
Lorke No sober temperate person, whatsoever other So'BERNESS, 1. s. [from sober.] sins he may be guilty of, can look with compla
1. Temperance in drink. cency, upon the drunkenness and sottishness of his neighbour.
Keep my body in temperance, soberness, and chastity.
Common Prayer. 2. Not overpowered by drink.
2. Calmness; freedom from enthusiasm ; A law there is among the Grecians, whereof Pittacus is author; that he which being over
coolness. come with drink did then strike any man,
A person noted for his soberness and skill in should suffer punishment double as much as if
spagyrical preparations, made Helmont's expehe had done the same being sobir. Hooker.
riment succeed very well.
Boyle. 3. Not mad; right in the understanding.
The soberness of Virgil might have shewn the
difference. Another, who had a great genius for tragedy,
Dryden. following the fury of his natural temper, made Sobrl'ETY. n. s. [from sobrieté, Fr. sep every man and woman in his plays stark raging
brius, Latin.) mad: there was not a sober person to be had;
1. Temperance in drink; soberness. all was tempestuous and blustering.. Dryden.
Drunkenness is more uncharitable to the soul, No saber man would put himself into danger, for the applause of escaping without breaking his
and in scripture is more declaimed against, than neck.
gluttony; and sobriety hath obtained to signify temperance in drinking.
Taylor. 4. Regular ; calm ; free from inordinate
2. Present freedom from the power of passion. This same young sober blooded boy a man
strong liquor. cannot make him laugh.
Sbakspeare. 3. General temperance. Cieca travelled all over Peru, and is a grave
In setting down the form of common prayer, and sober writer.
there was no need that the book should menYoung men likewise exhort to be sober mind
tion either the learning of a fit, or the unfitness ed.
of an ignorant, minister, more than that he which The governour of Scotland being of great
describeth the manner how to pitch a field, courage, and sober judgment, amply performed
should speak of moderation and sobriety in diet.
Hooker. his duty both before the battle and in the field.
Hayward. 4. Freedom from inordinate passion. These confusions disposed men of any sober
The libertine could not prevail on men of virunderstanding to wish for peace. Clarendon. tue and sobriety to give up their religion. R gers.
Among them some sober men confessed, that s. Calmness; coolness. as his majesty's affairs then stood, he could not Enquire, with all sebriety and severity, whegrant it.
Clarendon. ther there be in the footsteps of nature any such To these that sober race of men, whose lives transmission of immateriate virtues, and what the Religious rided them the ages of Goda
force of imagination is.
Sobriety in our riper years is the effect of a SOʻCIAL. adj. (socialis, Latin.] well concocted varmth; but, where the price
1. Relating to general or publick interest; ciples are only phlegm, what can be expected but an insipid manhood, and old infancy? Dryd.
relating to society. If sometimes Ovid appears too gay, there is a
To love our neighbour as ourselves, is such a secret gracefulness of youth which accompanies
fundamental truth for regulating human society, his writings, though the stayedness and sobriety
that by that alone one might determine all the of age be wanting.
Locke, 6. Seriousness; gravity:
True self-love and social are the same. Popes A report without truth; and, I had almost
2. Easy to mix in friendly gayety ; coinsaid, without any sobriety or modesty.
Waterland. Withers, adieu! yet not with thee remove Mirth makes them not mad;
Thy martial spirit or thy social love. Pope. Nor sobriety sad.
Denbam. 3. Consisting in union or converse with SO'CCAGE. n. s. [sor, Fr. a ploughshare ;
Thou in thy secrecy although alone, Joccagium, barbarous Latin.) A tenure
Best with thyself accompanied, seek'st not of lands for certain inferiour or hus.
Milton. bandly services to be performed to the SO'CIALNESS. n. s. [from social.] The lord of the fee.
quality of being social. All services due for land being knight's ser
SOCI'ET Y. N. s. [societé, French ; societas vice, or soccage ; so that whatever is not knight's service, is sociaga. This sociage is of three kinds;
Latin.] a secage of free tenure, where a man holdeth 1. Union of many in one general interest. by tree service of twelve pence a-year for all If the power of one society extend likewise to“ manner of services. Soccage of ancient tenure the making of laws for another society, as if the is of land of ancient demesne, where no writ ori church could make laws for the state in temginal shall be sued, but the writ secundum consue porals, or the state make laws binding the church tudinea manerii. Soccage of base tenure is where relating to spirituals, then is that society entirely those that hold it may have none other writ but subject to the other.
Lesley. the monstraverunt, and such socmen hold not by 2. Numbers united in one interest; comcertain service.
Corvell. muvity. The lands are not holden at all of her majesty, As the practice of piety and virtue is agreeor not holdeu in chief, but by a mean tenure in able to our reason, so is it for the interest of Sacage, or by knight's service.
private persons and publick societics. Tillotson, SU'CC AGER.nis. [from soccage.] A tenant
3. Company; converse. by soccage.
To make society SOCIABLE. adj. [sociable, Fr. sociabilis, The sweeter welcome, we will keep ourself Latin. ]
Till supper-time alone.
Shakspeare. 1. Fit to be conjoined.
Whilst I was big in clamour, came there a
man, Another law toucheth them, as they are so
Who having seen me in my worser state, ciable parts united into one body; a law which
Shunn'd my abhorr'd society. bindeth them each to serve unto other's good,
Solitude sometimes is best society, and all to prefer the good of the whole before whatsoever their own particular. Hooker.
And short retirement urges sweet return, Milt. 2. Ready to unite in a general interest.
4. Partnership ; union on equal terms. To make man mild and sociable to man;
Among unequals what society çan sort?
Milton. To cultivate the wild licentious savage With wisdom, discipline.
Heav'n's greatness no society can bear;
Servants he made, and those thou want'st not 3. Friendly ; familiar; conversible.
Dryden. Them thus employ'd beheld With pity heav'n's high King, and to him call'd Sock. n. s. [soccus, Latin; socc, Saxon ; Raphael, the sociable spirit, that deign'd
socke, Dutch.] To travel with Tobias.
1. Something put between the foot and 4. Inclined to company:
shoe. In children much solitude and silence I like
Ere I lead this life long, I 'll sow nether socks, hot, nor any thing born before his time, as this
and mend them, and foot them too. Sbakspeare. must Deeds be in that sociable and exposed age. A physician, that would be mystical, pre
Wotton. scribeth for the rheum to walk continually upon SO CIABLENESS. n. s. [from sociable.] a camomile alley; meaning he should put camo1. Inclination to company and converse. milc within his socks.
Bacon Such as would call her friendship love, and feign 2. The shoe of the ancient comick actors, To sciableness a name profane.
taken in poems for comedy, and opThe two main properties of man are contem
posed to buskin or tragedy. plation, and sociableness, or love of converse.
Then to the well-trod stage anon,
If Jonson's learned sock be on, 2. Freedom of conversation ; good fel
Or sweetest Shakspeare, fancy's child, lowship
Warble his native wood-notes wild. Milton, He always used courtesy and modesty, dis Great Fletcher never treads in buskin here, liked of none; sometimes sociableness and fellow Nor greater Jonson dares in socks appear; ship, well liked by many.
Hayward. But gentle Simkin just reception finds SO'CTABLY. adv. (from sociable. ] Con Amidst the monument of vanish'd minds. versibly, as a companion.
Dryden. Yet not terrible,
On two figures of actors in the villa Mathei at That I should fear; no sociably mild,
Rome, we see the fashion of the old sock and As Raphael, that I should much contide ;
Addison But solems and sublime.
Milten. SO'CKET. 17. s. (souchette, French.)
1. Any hollow pipe ; generally the hollow
Jacob sod pottage.
Genesis. of a candlestick.
SODA’lity. n. s. [sodalitas, Latin.] A Two goodly beacons, ser in watches stead, fellowship a fraternity. : Therein gave light, and flam'd continually ; A new confraternity was instituted in Spain, For they of living fire most subtilly
of the slaves of the Blessed Virgin, and this soWere made, and set in silver sockets bright. dality established with large indulgencies. Fairy Queen.
Stillingfileet. She at your flames would soon take fire, SO'dden. (part. pass. of seethe.) Boiled ; And like a candle in the socket
Can sodden water, their barley broth,
Decoct their cold blood to such valiant heat? When sparkling lamps their sputt'ring light ad
Sodden business! there's a stew'd phrase inAnd in the sockets oily bubbles dance.
Sbakspeare. The stars amaz'd ran backward from the sight, Thou sodden-witted lord, thou hast no more And, shrunk within their sockets, lost their light.
brain than I have in my elbows. Sbakspeare.
Bacon. In their own plague and fire have breath'd their
Mix it with sodden wines and raisins. Dryden. last, Or dimly in their sinking sockets frown. Dryd.
To SO'DER. v.a. (souder, French ; soudeTo nurse up the vital fame as long as the
Dutch. It is generally written matter will last, is not always good husbandry;
solder, from soldare, Italian ; solidare, it is much better to cover it with an extin. Latin.] To cement with some metallick guisher of honour, than let it consume till it burns
matter. blue, and lies agonizing within the socket, and at He that smootheth with the hammer encoulength goes out in no perfume. Collier.
rageth him that smote the anvil, saying, It is 2. The receptacle of the eye.
ready for sodering,
Isaiab. His eye-balls in their hollow sockets sink; SO'DER. n. s. Metallick cement. Berest of sleer, he loaths his meat and drink; He withers at his heart, and looks as wan
Still the difficulty returns, how these hooks
were made : what is it that fastens this sodir, As the pale spectre of a murder'd man. Dryden.
and links these first principles of bodies into a 3. Any hollow that receives something chain ?
Soe. n. s. [sae, Scottish.] A large wooden The sockets and supporters of flowers are fi vessel with hoops, for holding water ; a gured; as in the five brethren of the rose, and
cowl. sockets of gillyflowers.
Bacon. Gomphosis is the connection of a tooth to its
A pump grown dry will yield no water ; but socket.
More. As the weight leans wholly upon the axis, the
you may fetch up as many soe-fulls. grating and rubbing of these axes against the
ŞOE'VER. adv. [so and ever.) A word sockets wherein they are placed, will cause some
properly joined with a pronoun or adinaptitude and resistency to that rotation of the verb, as whosoever, whatsoever, howsocylinder which would otherwise ensue. Wilkins. On either side the head produce an ear,
What great thing soever a man proposed to And sink a socket for the shining share. Dryden. do in his life, he should think of achieving it by SO'CKETCHISEL, n. s. A stronger sort fifty
Terple. of chisel.
What love sorver by an heir is shown, Carpenters, for their rougher work, use a Or you could ne'er suspect my loyal love. Dryd. stronger sort of chisels, and distinguish them by So'ra. 1. s. [I believe an eastern word.] the name of socketuhisels ; their shank made with A splendid seat covered with carpets. a hollow socket a-top, to receive a strong wooden The king leaped off from the sofa on which sprig made to fit into the socket. Moxon.
he sat, and cried out, 'T is my Abdallah! SO'CLE. 1. s. [with architects.) A fat
Guardian. square member under the bases of pe- Soft. adj. [roft, Saxon; saft, Dutch.] destals of statues and vases: it serves as 1. Not hard. a foot or stand.
Bailey. Hard and soft are names we give things, only SO'CMAN or Seccager. n. s. (rocasman,
in relation to the constitutions of our own boSaxon.) A sort of tenant that holds
dies; that being called hard, which will put us lands and tencments by soccage tenure,
to pain sooner than change figure, by the pres
sure of any part of our bodies; and that soft, of which there are three kinds. See which changes the situation of its parts upon an Sock A (GE. Cowell.
Locke. SO'COME. n. s. [In the old law, and in Some bodies are hard, and some soft: the Scotland.] A custom of tenants obliged
hardness is caused by the jejuneness of the spirits, to grind corn at their lord's mill.
which, if in a greater degree, make not only hard, but fragil.
Bacon . Bailey.
Hot and cold were in one body fixt, SOD. n. s. [socd, Dutch.] A turf; a And soft with hard, and light with heavy mixt. clod.
Dryden. The sexton shall green sods on thee bestow; 2. Not rugged ; not rough. Alas! the scxton is thy banker now. Swift. What went ye out for to see ? a man clothed in Here fame shall dress a sweeter sod
soft raiment ?'behold, they that wear soft raiTkan fancy's feet have ever trod. Collins. ment are in kings houses.
Müttbew. SOD. The preterit of seethe.
3. Ductile; not unchangeable of form. Never caldron sod
Spirits can either sex assume ; so soft With so much fervour, fed with all the store And uncompounded is their essence pure. That could enrage it. C Chapman.
4. Facile ; Acxible ; not resolute; yield wool, and made the softest sweetest lights imaing.
Brown, A few divines of so soft and servile tempers Soft. interị. Hold; stop; rot so fast. as disposed them to so sudden acting and com But soft, I pray you; did king Richard then pliance. King Cbarles. Proclaim my brother?
Shakspeare One king is too soft and easy; another too
Oh! come in, Emilia; fiery.
L'Estrange. Soft, by and by, let me the curtains draw, Shaks. s. Tender ; timorous.
But soft, my muse; the world is wide, What he hath done famously, he did it to that And all at once was not descry'd. Suckling. end; though soft conscienced men can be content to say, it was for his country. Sbakspeare.
To SO'FTEN, v.a. [from soft.]
1. To make soft; to make less hard. To you they will be valiant by despair. Dryd.
Bodies, into which the water will enter, long Curst be the verse, how weil soe'er it flow,
secching will rather soften than indurate. Bacon. That tends to make one worthy man my foe;
Their anow's point they soften in the flame, Give virtue scardal, innocence a fear,
And sounding hainmers break its barbed frame. Or from the sofi-ey'd virgin steal a tear. Pope.
Gag. 6. Mild; gentle; kind ; not severe.
2. To intenerate ; to make less fierce or Would my heart were fint, like Edward's;
obstinate ; to mollify. Or Edward's soft and pitiful, like mine. Shuks. I will softer stony hearts.
Milton, Our torments may become as soft as now se
Our friends see not our faults, or conceal
Milton. them, or soften them by their representation. Yet soft his nature, though severe his lay;
Addison. His anger moral, and his wisdom gay. Pope.
I would correct the harsh expressions of one 7. Meek; civil; complaisant.
party, by softening and reconciling methods. Thou art their soldier, and, being bred in
3. To make easy ; to compose ; to make Hast not the soft way, which thou dost confess placid; to mitigate; to palliate ; to alleWere fit for thee to use, as they to claim,
viate. In asking their good loves. Shakspeare. Call round her tomb each object of desire; 8. Placid ; still ; easy.
Bid her be all that cheers or softens life, On her soft axle while she paces even,
The tender sister, daughter, friend, and wife. She bears thee soft with the smooth air along.
Popes Milton. Musick the fiercest griefs can charm; There, soft extended to the murmuring sound Musick can soften pain to ease, of the high porch, Ulysses sleeps profound. And make despair and madness please.
Pope. Pope. 4. To make less harsh, less vehement, less g. Effemivate ; vitiously nice.
violent. This sense is also mistress of an art
He bore his great commission in his look, Which to soft people sweet perfumes doth sell;
But sweetly temper'd awe, and soften'd all he Though this dear art dotli little good impart,
Dryden. Since they smell best, that do of nothing smell.
s. To make less glaring.
Davies, An idle and soft course of life is the source of 6. To make tender; to enervate. criminal pleasures.
To SO'ETEN. v. n. 10. Delicate; elegantly tender.
1. To grow less hard. Her form more soft and feminine. Milton, Many bodies, that will hardly melt, will soften; Less winning soft, less ainiably mild. Milton. as iron in the forge.
Bacon, II. Weak; simple.
2. To grow less obdurate, cruel, or obsti. The deceiver soon found this soft place of nate. Adam's, and innocency itself did not secure him. He may soften at the sight of the child;
Glanville. The silence often of innocence 12. Gentle ; not loud ; not rough.
Persuades, when speaking fails. Sbakspeare. Her voice was ever soft,
So'ptly. adv. (from soft.] Gentle, and low; an excellent thing in women. 1. Without hardness.
Sbakspeare. 2. Not violently ; not forcibly. The Dorian mood of flutes and soft recorders.
Solid bodies, if very softly percussed, give no
sound; as when a man treadeih very softly upon When some great and gracious monarch dies,
Bacon. Soft whispers first, and mournful murmurs, rise Among the sad atter.dants; then the sound
3. Not loudly. Soon gathers voice.
Ahab rent his clothes, and went softly. 1 Kir. Soft whispering thus to Nestor's son,
In this dark silence softly leave the town, His head reclin'd, young Ithacus begun. Pope.
And to the general's tent direct your steps. Dryd. 13. Smooth; Aowing ; not vehement; 4. Gently; placidly:
Death will dismiss me,
And lay me sof:ly in my native dust,
To pay the forteit of ill-manag’d trust. Dryden.
She with a wreath of myrtle crowns his head, Soft were my numbers; who could cake of fence,
And softly lays him on a flow'ry bed. Dryden. When smooth description held the place of 5. Mildly; tenderly. sense?
The king must die; Hark! the numbers soft and clear
Though pity sofily pload within my soul, Gently steal upon the ear.
Yet he must die, that I may make you great.
Dryden. 14. Not forcible; not violent.
Sleep falls with soft slumb'rous weight. Mit. SO'FTNER. n. s. [from soft.] 15. Mid; not glaring,
1. That which makes soft. The sun shining upon the upper part of the 2. One who palliates. douds, made them appear like fine down or Those softcriers and expcdient-mongers shike