« ZurückWeiter »
a good musician by a lecture on the art of mu No sentence can stand that is not confirmed sick, as a coherent thinker, or strict reasoner, by by two tbirds of the council.
Addisors. a set of rules.
Locke. 2. The sixtieth part of a second. If a man had an ill-favoured nose, deep think Divide the natural day into twenty-four equal ers would impute the cause to the prejudice of parts, an hour into sixty minutes, a minute his education
Swift. into sixty seconds, a second into sixty thirds. THI'NKING. N. s. [from think.] Imagina
Holder. tion; cogitation; judgment.
THI'RDBOROUGH. n. s. [third and boHe put it by once; but, to my thinking, he rougb.] An under-constable. would fain have had it.
Sbakspeare. THI'RDLY. adv. [from third.] In the If we did think
third place. His contemplations were above the earth,
First, metals are more durable than plants; And tix'd on spiritual objects, he should still Dwell in his musings; but I am afraid
secondly, they are more solid; sbirdly, they are wholly subterrany.
Bacon His tiinkings are below the moon, nor worth His serious considering.
TO THIRL. v. a. [Dirlian, Saxon.] To I heard a bird so sing,
pierce; to perforate. It is now proWhose musick, to my thinking, pleas'd the king. nounced and written thrill. Ainsworth.
Sbakspeare. I was a man, to my thinking, very likely to get
THIRST, n. s. [dýnst, Saxon ; dorst,
Dutch.] a rich widow,
Addison. THI'NLY. adv. [from thin.]
1. The pain suffered for want of drink; 1. Not thickly.
want of drink. 2. Not closely ; not numerously.
But fearless they pursue, nor can the flood It is commonly opinioned, that the earth was
Quench their dire thirst; alas! they thirst for blood.
Denban, thinly inhabited before the flood. Brown.
In midst of water I complain of thirst. Dryden. slain:
Thirst and hunger denote the state of spittle The rest, an heartless number, spent with watch
and liquor of the stomach. Tbirst is the sign of ing.
an acrimony commonly alkalescent or muriatick. THI'NNESS. n. s. [from thin.]
Arbuthnot. 1. The contrary to thickness ; exility ;
For forty years tenuity.
I've liv'd an anchorite in pray’rs and tears: Tickling is most in the soles, arm-holes and Yon spring, which bubbles from the mountain's sides, because of the thinness of the skin. Bacon.
side, No breach, but an expansion,
Has all the luxury of thirst supply'd. Harte. Like goid to airy tbinness beat.
2. Eagerness; vehement desire: with of, Transparent substances, as glass, water, air,
for, or after. &c. when made very thin by being blown into bubbles, or otherwise formed into plates, do ex
Not hope of praise, nor thirst of worldly good, hibit various colours, according to their various
Enticed us to follow this emprize. Fairfaxo thinness, although at a greater thickness they
Thou hast allay'd the thirst I had of knowNewton.
ledge. appear very clear and colourless.
Milton. Such depend upon a strong projectile motion
Say, is 't thy bounty, or thy thirst of praise ?
Granville. of the blood, and too great thinness and delicacy of the vessels,
This is an active and ardent thirst after hap2. Paucity ; scarcity.
piness, or after a full beatifying object. Cbeyne. The buzzard
3. Drought. Invites the feather'd Nimrods of his race
The rapid current, through veins To hide the thinness of their flock sight, Of porous earth with kindiy tbirst up drawn, And all together make a seeming goodly fight.
Rose a fresh fountain.
Milton. Dryden. T. THIRST. V. n. [Synstan, Saxon ; der. In country villages pope Leo the seventh indulged a practice, through the tbinness of the in
sten, Dutch.] habitants, which opened a way for pluralities.
1. To feel want of drink; to be thirsty or
Ayviffe. athirst : with for. 3. Rareness; not spissitude.
They shall not hunger nor thirst. Isaiah. Those pleasures that spring from honour the The people thirsted there for water. Exodus. mind can nauseate, and quickly feel the binness They as they tbirsted scoop the brimming
Millon. of a popular breath. THIRD. adj. [ðriðda, Saxon.] The first
2. To have a vehement desire for any after the second ; the ordinal of three.
thing : with for or after. This is the third time: I hope good luck lies
My soul thirstetb for the living God. Psalms. in odd numbers.
Till a inan hungers and thirsts after righteSuch clamours are like the feigned quarrels of
ousness, till he feels an uneasiness in the want combined cheats, to delude somne third person.
of it, his will will not be determined to any Decay of Piety. action in pursuit of this confessed greater good.
Locke, THIRD. n. s. (From the adjective.]
But furious thirsting thus for gore, 1. The third part.
The sons of men shall ne'er approach thy shore. To thee and thine hereditary ever,
Pope. Remain this ample third of our fair kingdom.
TO THIRST. v.a. To want to drink. This
structure is not usual. A sixth, a tenth, letting them thrive again.
Untam'd and fierce the tyger still remains;
For the kind gifts of water and of food,
Prior. up a ibird of its people.
Thi’RSTINESS. n. s. [from thirst.] The s. It is often opposed to that. state of being thirsty.
As when two winds with rival force contend, Next they will want a sucking and soaking
This way and that, the wav'ring sails they bend, ibirstiness, or a fiery appetite to drink in the
While freezing Boreas and black Eurus blow, lime.
Now here, now there, the reeling vessel throw. THIRSTY. adj. [Surstig, Saxon.]
According as the small parts of matter are con1. Suffering want of drink; pained for
nected together after this or that determinate want of drink.
manner, a body of tbis or that denomination is Thy brother's blood the tbirsty earth hath produced.
Do we not often hear of this or that young Broach'd with the steely point of Clifford's lance. heir? are not his riches and his lewdnesses ialked Sbakspeare. of cogether?
Sarth. Give me a little water to drink, for I am This way and that the impatient captives tend, thirsty.
Judges. And pressing for release the mountains rend. Unworthy was thy fate,
Dryden. ! To fall beneath a base assassin's stab,
6. When this and that respect a former Whom all the tbirsty instruments of death Had in the field of battle sought in vain. Rozve.
sentence, this relates to the latter, that 3. Possessed with any vehement desire; as,
to the former member. See THOSE. blood thirsty.
Their judgnient in this we may not, and in that we need not, follow.
Hooker. THIRTE’en. adj. [&reotine, Sax.] Ten 7. Sometimes it is opposed to the other. » and three.
Consider the arguments which the author had Speaking at the one end, I heard it return the
to write this, or to design the other, before you voice tbirteen times.
Dryden. THIRTE'ENTH. adj. [from thirteen; With endless pain this man pursues
Preoteoda, Saxon.] The third after What, if he gain'd, he could not use: the tenth.
And t'other fondly hopes to see
Prior. If she could prove a thirteenth task for him
What never was, nor'e'er shall be. Who twelve archiev'd, the work would me be THI'STLE. n. s. [Diszel, Saxon ; diestel, seem.
Beaumont's Psyche. Dutch ; carduus, Lat.) A prickly weed The thirteentb part difference bringeth the growing in corn fields. business but to such a pass, that every woman The leaves of the tbistle grow alternately on may have an husband.
the branches, and are prickly; and the heads THI'RTIETH. adj. [from thirty ; Dritte are, for the most part, squamose and prickly; yoða, Saxon.) The tenth thrice told;
Miller the ordinal of thirty.
The roots of thistles have my hunger fed, Henry shall espouse the lady Margaret ere
Two roods of cultur'd barley give me bread, the thirtietb of May next ensuing. Sbakspeare.
A rock my pillow, and green moss my bed. Harte. A thirtieth part of the sun's revolution. Hale. Hateful docks, rough thistles, kecksies, burs. More will wonder at so short an age,
Sbakspeare. To find a blank beyond the thirtieth page. Dryd.
Get you some carduus benedictus, and lay it THI'RTY. adj. [ðrittiz, Saxon.) Thrice
to your heart,
-There thou prick'st her with a thistle. ten.
Sbakspeare. I have slept fifteen years.
Thorns also and thistles it shall bring the forth -Ay, and the time seems tbirty unto me.
Milten. Sbakspeare. Tough thistles choak'd the fields, and kill'd the The Claudian aqueduct ran thirty-eight miles. Addison, And an unthrifty crop of weeds was born. Dryd
. This pronoun. [8is, Saxon.]
Rie grass will kill thistles. 1. That which is present ; what is now THI'STLE, golden. n. s. A plant. Miller. mentioned.
THI'stly. adj. (from thistle.] Overgrown Bardolph and Nim had more valour than this, with thistles. yet they were both hanged; and so would this
Wide o'er the thistly lawn as swells the breeze, be, if he durst stcal.
Sbakspeare, A whitening shower of vegetable down Come a little nearer this way. Sbakspeare. Amusive floats.
Thomsen. Within this three mile may you see it coming; THI'THER. adv. [8ider, Sax.] I say a moving grove.
Shakspeare. Must I endure all this? Shakspeare,
1. To that place: opposed to bitber. Ibis same shall comfort us concerning our
We're coming thither.
The gods, when they descended, hither Tbis is not the place for a large reduction.
From heav'n did always chuse their way;
Cowley. There is a very great inequality among men
That 't is the way too thither. as to their internal endowments, and their ex When, like a bridegroom from the east, the ternal conditions, in this life.
Sets forth; he tbitber, whence he came, doch 2. The next future. Let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak
There Phænix and Ulysses watch the prey; yet but this once: peradventure ten shall be
And thither all the wealth of Troy convey: found there.
Genesis. 3. This is used for this time.
2. To that end ; to that point. By tbis the vessel half her course had run.
TxiTherto. adv. [thither and to.) To
Dryden. A. The last past.
that end ; so far. I have not wept this forty years; but now
THI'THERWARD. adv. [thither and My mother comes afresh into my eyes. Dryden. avard.] Toward that place.
Ne would he suffer sleep once shitberward
No dislike against the person Approach, albe his drowsy den were next. Of our good queen, but the sharp tborny points
Spenser. Of my alleged reasons drive this forward. Sbeks. Madam, he's gone to serve the duke of Flo Stiff opposition, and perplex'd debate,
And thorny care, and rank and stinging hate. We met him tbitberward, for thence we came.
Young Sbakspeurz. 3. Difficult ; perplexing; By quick instinctive motion, up I sprung, By how many tborny and hard ways they are As ibitberward endeavouring.
come thereunto, by how many civil broils. The foolish beasts went to the lion's den,
Spenser. leaving very goodly footsteps of their journey THO'ROUGH, prepos. [the word through ibilberward, but not the like of their return.
extended into two syllables.] A tuft of daisies on a flow'ry lay
1. By way of making passage or penetra. They saw, and tbitberward they bent their way. tion.
Dryden. 2. By means of. Tho. adv. Sonne, Saxon.]
Mark Antony will follow 1. Then. Spenser.
Tborough the hazards of this untrod state, 2. Tho' contracted for though.
With all true faith.
Shakspearea TO THOLE. V. n. To wait awhile.
THO'ROUGH. adj. [The adjective is alThong. n. s. [Grang, Brony, Saxon.}
ways written thorough, the preposition
commonly through. A strap, or string of leather. The Tuscan king
1. Complete ; full ; perfect. Laid by the lance, and took him to the sling;
The Irish horseboys, in the sborough reformaThrice whirld the thong about his head, and
tion of that realm, should be cut off. Spenser. threw
He did not desire a thorougb engagement til The heated lead half melted as it flew. Dryden.
he had time to reform somne, whom he resolved The ancient cestus only consisted of so many
never more to trust.
Clarendon, large thongs about the hand, without any lead at
A thorough translator must be a tborough poet. the end. Addison,
Dryden, The smiths and armourers on palfreys ride,
A thorough practice of subjecting ourselves to And nails for loosen'd spears, and ibungs for
the wants of others, would extinguish in us shields provide. Dryden. pride.
Swift. Thor d'CicŘ. adj. [from thorax, Latin.]
Now, can I call a general disregard, and a
thororgb neglect of all religious inprovements, a Belonging to the breast.
frailty or imperfection, when it was as much in The chylc grows grey in the thoracick duct.
my power to have been exact, and careful, and diligent?
Law, THO'RAL, adj. [from thorus, Latin.) Re
2. Passing through lating to the bed.
Let all three sides be a double house, withThe punishment for adultery, according to
out tborough lights on the sides. Bacon. the Roman law, was sometimes made by a thoral separation.
THOʻROUGHFARE. n. s. [thorough and THORN. n. s. (thaurns, Gothick; Jorn, fare.] Saxon; doorne, Dutch.]
1. A passage through ; a passage without 1. A prickly tree of several kinds.
any stop or let. Tborns and thiscles shall it bring forth. Genesis.
Th' Hyrcanian desarts are as thoroughfares The most upright is sharper than a thorn hedge.
Micab. For princes to come view fair Portia. Shaksp. 2. A prickle growing on the thorn bush.
His body is a passable carcase, if he be not Flowers of all hue, and without thorn the rose.
hurt: it is a thoroughfare for steel, if it be not
The ungrateful person is a monster, which is 3. Any thing troublesome.
all throat and belly ; a kind of thoroughfare, or The guilt of empire; all its thorns and cares
common shore for the good things of the world Be only mine.
A thorougbfure of news; where some devise The thornbeck, when dried, tastes of sal am
Things never heard; some mingle truth with moniac.
Dryden. THO'RNBUT. n. so [rhombus aculeatus,
2. Power of passing: Latin.) A sort of sea fish, Ainsworth;
Hell, and this world, one realm, one continent which he distinguishes from thornback. THO'ROUGHLY. adv. [from thorough. ]
Of easy thoroughfare.
Milton, A birt or turbof. THOʻRNY. adj. (from thorn.]
Look into this business thoroughly. Sbakspeare. 1. Full of thorns; spiny; rough; prickly. We can never be grieved for their miseries
Not winding ivy, nor the glorious bay, who are thoroughly wicked, and have thereby He wore, sweet head! a thorny diadem. Randolph. justly called their calamities on themselves. The boar's eye-balls glare with fire,
Dryder. His neck shoots up a thickset thorny wood;
One would think, that every member of the His bristled back a trench impal'd appears. Dryd. community who embraces with vehemence the The wiser madmen did for virtue toil
principles of either party had thorougbly sifted A tborny, or at best a barren, soil. Dryden. and examined them.
Addicon, They on the bleaky top
They had forgotten their solemn vows as Of rugged hills the thorny bramble crop. Dryd, sborougbly as if they had never made them. 2. Pricking ; vexatious.
THOROUGHPA'CED. adj. [thorough and To Thou. v. a. (from thou.] To treat
pace.] Perfect in what is undertaken ; with familiarity complete ; thoroughsped. Generally in Taunt him with the licence of ink; if thou a bad sense.
tbou'st him some chrice, it shall not be amiss. When it was proposed to repea, the test clause, Though.conjunction. [Jeah, Sax. tbaub,
Sbakspeare. the ablest of those who were reckoned the most stanch and thorougbpaced whigs fell off at the first Gothick.] mention of it.
Swift. 1. Notwithstanding that ; although. THO'ROUGHSPED. adj. [thorough and Not that I so affirm, tbough so it seeki. Milt.
sped.) Finished in principles; thorough The sound of love makes your soft heart afraid, paced : commonly, finished in ill. And guard itself, though but a child invade.
Waller. Our tboroughsped republick of whigs, which contains the bulk of all hopers, pretenders, and
I can desire to perceive those things that God professors, are most highly useful to princes.
has prepared for those that love him, bougb they Swift.
be such as eye hath not seen, ear heard, nor hach THOROUGHSTI'TCH. adv. [thorough and
it entered into the heart of man to conceive.
Locke. stitch.] Completely; fully. A low
Though the name of abstracted ideas is at. word.
tributed to universal ideas, yet this abstraction Perseverance alone can carry us thorough.
is not great.
L'Estrange. 2. As T Hough. As if ; like as if. THORP. n. S. Thorp, throp, threp, trep, In the vine were three branches; and it was trop, are all from the Saxon Sonp, as though it budded.
Genesis. which signifies a village. Gibson. 3. It is used at the end of a sentence in THOSE. pronoun:
familiar language : however; yet. s. The plural of that.
You shall not quit Cydaria for me: Make all our trumpets speak, give them all
'Tis dang'rous though to treat me in this sort, breath,
And to refuse my offers, though in sport. Dryd. Tbose clam'rous harbingers of blood and death.
A good cause would do well thougb;
Dryden. Sure there are poets which never did dream
Thought. The preterit and participle Upon Parnassus, nor did taste the stream passive of think. of Helicon; we therefore may suppose
I told him what I thought. Sbakspeart. Tbose made not poets, but the poets those. Denb.
Are my friends embark'd ? The fibres of this muscle act as those of others. Can any thing be thought of for their service!
Cheyne. Whilst I yet live, let me not live in vain. Addis. 2. Those refers to the former, these to the No other tax could have been thougb: of, latter noun.
upon which so much money would have been Neither their sighs nor tears are true,
Addisor. Those idly blow, tbese idly fall,
THOUGHT. n. s. [from the preterit of To Nothing like to ours at all,
think.] But sighs and tears have sexes too. Cowley. Thou. Pronoun. [du, Saxon; du, Dutch ;
1. The operation of the mind; the act of
thinking. in the oblique cases singular thee, de,
And cards are dealt, and chessboards bought, Saxon ; in the plural ye, ge, Saxon; in To ease the pain of coward thougbt. Prier. the oblique cases plural you, cop, Sax.] . 2. Idea; image formed in the mind. You is now commonly used for the no
For our instruction to impart minative plural.
Things above earthly tbonsgbt.
Milton 1. The second pronoun personal.
3. Sentiment ; fancy ; imagery ; conceit. Is this a dagger which I see before me,
Tbought, if translated truly, cannot be lost in The handle tow'rd my hand ? Come, let me
another language ; but the words that convey it clutch tbee.
to our apprehension, which are the image and I have thee not, and yet I see tbee still.
ornament of that thought, may be so ill chosen as Art tbou not, fatal vision, sensible
to make it appear unhandsome. Dryden. To feeling as to sight?
One may often find as much thought on the I am as like to call thee so again,
reverse of a medal asin a canto of Spenser. Addis. To spit on tbee again, to spurn thee too:
Tbrugbts come crowding in so fast upon me, If tbou wilt lend this money, lend it not
that my only difficulty is to chuse or to reject. As to thy friend. Sbakspeare.
Dryden. Thou, if there be a thou in this base town,
The thoughts of a soul that perish in thinking. Who dares with angry Eupolis to frown;
Lecke. Who at enormous villany turns pale,
One only couplet fraught And steers against it with a full-blown sail. Dryd. With some unmeaning thing they call a tbeugbi. 2. It is used only in very familiar or very
solemn language. When we speak to 4. Reflection ; particular consideration. equals or superiours, we say you ; but
Why do you keep alone?
Of sorriest fancies your companions making, in solemn language, and in addresses of
Using those tboughts which should indeed have worship, we say thou.
died (Familiar. )
With them they think on. Skakspeart. Here's to tbee, Dick.
Cowley. S. Conception ; preconceived notion. [Solemn.]
Things to their though:
So unimaginable as hate in heaven. Milton,
6. Opinion; judgment. I know tbou wert not slow to hear,
He that is ready to slip, is as a lamp despised Nor impotent to save. Addison, in the tbought of him that is at ease.
They communicated their thoughts on this tension and firmness, and the spirits are transsubject to each other; and therefore their rea mitted to them from the brain, endowed with sons are little different.
due strength, swiftness, and vivacity, and sufThus Bethel spoke, who always speaks his
fered to attend their duty, without the avocathought,
tions of thoughtfulness and intense contemplation, And always thinks the very thing he ought. the concoction of the meats is well performed. Pope.
Blackmore, 7. Meditation ; serious consideration. 2. Anxiety; solicitude.
Pride, of all others the most dangerous fault, THO'UGHTLESS. adj. [from thought.] Proceeds from want of sense, or want of thought. 1. Airy : gay; dissipated.
Roscommon. 8. Design ; purpose.
2. Negligent ; careless.
It is something peculiarly shocking to see gray The thoughts I think towards you are thougbts hairs without remorse for the past, and thoughts of peace, and not evil. Yeremiah. less of the future.
Rogers. Nor was godhead from her tbought. Milton.
3. Stupid ; dull. 9. Silent contemplation.
His goodly fabrick fills the eye,
And seems design'd for thoughtless majesty: That cannot see this palpable device?
Thougbtless as monarch oaks that shade the plain, Yet who so bold, but says, he sees it not? And spread in solemn state supinely reign. Bad is the world; and all will come to nought,
Dryder, When such ill dealings must be seen in tbought. Tho'UGHTLESSLY. adv. [from thought.]
Slakspeare 10. Solicitude; care ; concern.
Without thought; carelessly; stupidly.
In restless hurries thoughtlessly they live, Let us return, lest he leave caring for the
Ac substance oft unmov'd, for shadows grievë. asses, and take thought for us. I Samuel,
Gartb. Hawis was put in trouble, and died with
THO'UGHTLESSNESS. n. s.[from thoughtthought and anguish before his business came to an end.
less.] Want of thought; absence of Adam took no thought, eating his fill. Milton. thought. II. Expectation.
THO'UGHTSICK. adj. [-thought and sick.] The main descry
Uneasy with reflection. Stands on the hourly thought. Sbakspeare.
'Heav'n's face doth glow 12. A small degree; a small quantity. It With tristful visage; and, as 'gainst the doom, seems a loose term, but is used by good Is thoughtsick at the act.
THO'Usand. adj. or n. s. [Husend, Sax. His face was a thought longer than the exact
dursend, Dutch.] symmetrians would allow.
1. The number of ten hundred. If our own be but equal, the law of common
About three thousand years ago, navigation of indulgence allowech us to think them at the least half a tbought the better, because they are our
the world for remote voyages was greater than Hooker. at this day.
Васол. , A needle pierced through a globe of cork, cut
2. Proverbially, a great number. away by degrees, will swim under water, yet not
So fair, and thousand, thousand times more
fair sink unto the bottom : if the cork be a thought too light to sink under the surface, the water
She seem'd, when she presented was to sight. may be attenuated with spirits of wine. Brown.
Spenser. My giddiness seized me; and though I now
For harbour at a thousand doors they knock'd; totter, yet I think I am a thought better. Swift. .
Not one of all the thousand but was lock’d. Tho'UGHTFUL. adj. (thought and full.].
Search the herald's roll, 1. Contemplative; full of reflection ; full
Where thou shalt find thy famous pedigree, of meditation.
Drawn from the root of some old Tuscan uree, On these he mus’d within his thoughtful mind, And thou, a thousand off, a fool of long degree. And then resolv'd what Fauous had divin'd.
Dryder. Dryden. Though he regulates himself by justice, he 2. Attentive ; careful.
finds a thousand oceasions for generosity and Thoughtful of thy gain, I all the live-long day compassion.
Spectator. Consume in meditation deep.
How many thousands pronounce boldly on the 3. Promoting meditation ; favourable to affairs of the publick, whom God nor men never musing.
qualified for such judgment!
Watts. War, horrid war, your thoughtful wwiks in- THOUSANDTH. adj. [from thousand.] vades,
The hundredth ten times told ; the orAnd steel now glitters in the muses’ shades. dinal of a thousand : proverbially, very
Pope. numerous. 4. Anxious; solicitous.
He that will divide a minute into a thousand In awful pomp, and melancholy state,
parts, and break bue a part of a thousandth part See settled reason on the judgment-seat;
in the affairs of love, it may be said of him, that Around her crowd distrust, and doubt and fear, Cupid hath clapt him o'th' shoulder but I'll And thougbtful foresight, and tormenting care. warrant him heart whole. Sbaespeare.
Such is the poet's lot : what luckier fate THOUGHTFULLY. adv. [from thought Does on the works of grave historians wait?
ful. With thought or consideration ; More time they spend, in greater toils engage, with solicitude.
Their volumes swell beyond the thousandth page. Tho'uGHTFULNĖSS. n. s. [from thought.
The French hugonots are many thousand wic. ful.)
nesses to the contrary; and I wish they deserved 1. Deep meditation.
the thousandth part of the good treatment they While the nervous fibres preserve their due have received