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With subtile cobweb cheats,
TA'NTALISM. n. s. (from tantalize.] A They ’re catch'd in knotted law-like nets; In which when once they are entangled,
punishment like that of Tantalus.
A lively representation of a person lying unThe more they stir, the more they're tangled. der the torments of such a tantalism, or platonick
Spectator. 3. To embroil; to embarrass.
To TA'NTALIZE. v. a. (from Tantalus, When my simple weakness strays, Tangled in forbidden ways,
whose punishment was to starve among He, my shepherd! is my guide,
fruits and water which he could not He's before me, on my side.
Crasbaw. touch.) To torment by the show of T. TA'NGLE. v. 1. To be entangled. pleasures which cannot be reached. Shrubs and langling bushes had perplex'd
Thy vain desires, at strife All path of man or beast.
Anon. Within themselves, have tantaliz'd thy life. TANGLE.n. s. [from the verb.] A knot
Dryden, of things interwoven in one another, or
The maid once sped was not suffered to tardifferent parts of the same thing per
talize the male part of the commonweal.
TANT AMOUNT. n. s. (Fr.) Equivalent. He leading swiftly rowl'd
If one third of our coin were gone, and men In taxgles, and made intricate seem straight,
had equally one third less money than they To mischief swift.
have, it must be tantamount; what I 'scape of Sport with Amaryllis in the shade,
one inird less, another must make up. Locke. Or with the tangles of Neæra's hair. Milton. Ta'NiST. 1. s. Lan Irish word; an taanis
TANTI'vy. adv. (from the note of a ther, Erse.]
hunting horn, so expressed in articulate Presently after the death of any of their cap
sounds. From Tantâ vi, says Skinner.] tains, they assemble themselves to chuse another To ride tuntivy is to ride with great in his stead, and nominate commonly the next speed. brother; and then next to hiin do they chuse TANTLING. n. s. (from Tantalus. ] One next of the blood to be tanist, who shall next succeed him in the said captainty.
seized with hopes of pleasure unattainSpenser.
able. TA'NISTRY. n. s. [from tarist.7
Hard life, The Irish hold their lands by tanistry, which
To be still hot summer's tantlings, and is no more than a personal estare for his lifetime that is tanist, by reason he is admitted
The shrinking slaves of winter. Sbakspears thereunto by election.
TO TAP. v. a. (tappen, Dutch ; tapper,
Spenser. If the Irish be not permitted to purchase estates
French.] of freeholds, which might descend to their child 1. To touch lightly; to strike gently. ren, must they not continue their custom of ta 2. [tappen, Dutch.) To pierce a vessel; nistry? which makes all their possessions uncer to broach a vessel. It is used likewise of
the liquor. By the Irish custom of tanistry, the chieftains of every country, and the chief of every sept,
That blood, already like the pelican, had no longer esta:e than for life in their chief
Hast thou tapt out, and drunkenly carouzed. eries; and when their chieftains were dead, their
Sbakspeure. sons, or next heirs, did not succeed them, but
He has been tapping his liquors, while I have
Addison. their tanists, who were elective, and purchased
been spilling my blood. their elections by strong hand. Davies.
Wait with patience till the tumour becomes
troublesome, and then tap it with a lancet. TANK. N. s. (tanque, Fr.) A large cistern
Sharp. or basin.
Tar. n. s. (from the verb.] Handle your pruning knife with dexterity; go 1. A gentle blow. rightly to your business: you have cost me much, This is the right fencing grace, tap for tap, and must earn it: here's plentiful provision, ras
and so part fair.
Shakspeare cal; sallading in the garden, and water in the Each shakes her fan with a smile, then gives tank; and in holy days, the licking of a platter of
her right-hand woman a tag upon the shoulder. rice when you deserve it. Dryden.
Spectator. TA’NKARD. N. so (tanquaerd, Fr. tänkaerd, As at hot cockles once I laid me down,
Dutch; tancaird, Irish.] A large vessel And felt the weighty band of many a clown, with a cover, for strong drink.
Buxoma gave a gentle tap.
Gay. Hath his tankard touch'd your brain?
So Huron-leeches, when their patient lies Sure they're fall'n asleep again. Ben Jonson.
In feverish restlessness with unclos'd eyes, Marius was the first who drank out of a sil
Apply with gentle strokes their osier rod,
Harte. ver tankard, after the manner of Bacchus.
And tap by iap invite the sleepy god.
Arbuthnot. 2. A pipe at which the liquor of a vessel is When any calls for ale, fill the largest tankard let out.
Szoift. A gentleman was inclined to the knight of TA'NNER. n. s. [from tan.] One whose Gascoigne's distemper, upon hearing the noise
Derban. trade is to tan leather.
of a tap running. Tanners use that lime which is newly drawn Tape. n. s. [tæppan, Sax.) A narrow out of the kiln, and not slacked with water or fillet or band of linen. air.
Moxon. Will you buy any tape, or lace for your cap, TA'NPIT. n. s. [from tan and pit.] A My dainty duck, my dear-a ?
This pouch that 'ś ty'd with tape pit where leather is impregnated with
I'll wager, that the prize shall be my due. Gay. bark.
On once a flock bed, but repair'd with straw, TA'NSY. n. 's. (tana etum, Lat.) An odo. With tape-cy'd curtains never meant to draw. rous plant. Miller,
Pope. VOL. IV.
cup top full.
TAPER, n. s. [rapen, Sax.] A wax can. pentine of the pine or fir drained out by dle; a light.
fire. Get me a taper in my study, Lucius:
Then, foaming tar, their bridles they would When it is lighted, come and call me. Shaksp.
champ, My daughter and little son we 'll dress
And trampling the fine element would fiercely With rounds of waxen tapers on their heads,
Spenser. And rattles in their hands. Sbakspeare Amau will hoe lose a bog for a halfpennyworth If any snatch the pure taper froin my hand, of tar.
Canden. and hold it to the devil
, he will only burn his Tar. n. s. (from tar used in ships.] A own fingers, but shall not rob nie of the reward
sailor ; a seaman, in contempt. of my good intention.
In senates told, and fierce in war,
To Tar.y. a. (from the noan.)
2. To tease ; , to provoke. [Tabstu.] Heav'n, as if there wanted lights above,
There has been much to do on both sides; and For tapers made two glaring comets rise. Dryd. the nation holds it no sin to tarre them on to TA'PER adj. (from the form of a taper.]
Two curs shall tame each other; pride alone Regularly narrowed from the bottom to
Must lar the mastiffs on, as 't were the bone. the top ; pyramidal; cotiical.
Sbakspeurt. Her taper fingers, and her panting breas,
TARANTUL A. n. s. [Italian; tarentale, He praises.
Dryden. From the beaver the otter differs in his teeth,
Fr.] An insect whose bite is only cured which are canine; and in his tail, which is feline,
by musick. or a long taper.
This word, lover, did no less pierce poor Pro TO TA'PER. v. n. To grow gradually
rocles, than the right tune of musick toucheth him that is sick of the tarantula.
He that uses the word tarantula, without have The back is male tapering in form of a pillar,
ing any idea of what it stands for, means nothe lower vertebres being the broadest and laryo est; the superior lesser and lesser, for the great- TARDA'T108.n. s. (tardo, Latin.] The
thing at all by it. er stability of the trunk.
act of hindering or delaying: With tap'ring tail, that nimbly cuts the wind. TA'RDIGRADOU s. adj. (tardigradus, La
Pickel. tin.) Moving slowly. TA'PESTRY. n. s. [tapesterie, tapisserie, It is but a slow and' tardigradous animal
, tapis, Fr. tapetum, Lai.] Cloth woven
preying upon advantages and otherwise may be
escaped. in regular figures. In the desk
TA'RDILY. adv. [from tardy.) Slowly; That's cover'd o'er with Turkish tapestry, sluggishly. There is a purse of ducats. Shakspeare.
He was indeed the giuss, The casements are with golden tissile spread, Wherein the noble youth did dress themselves; And horses hoots, for earth, on silken tap'stry Specking thick, which nature made his blemise, tread.
Dryuen. Became the accents of the valiant: One rooi is hung withi tapestry, in which are For those that could speak slow and tardily, wrought the tigures of the great persons of the Would turn their own perfection to abuse, family. Addison. To seum like him.
Stadspeare TA'PET: n. s. [tapetia, Lat.) Worked or TA'K DINESS. n. s. (from tard;.] Slowfigured stuff.
ness; sluggishness; unwillingness to To their work they sit, and each doth chuse action or motion. What story she will for her tapet take. Sponser.
A tardiness in nature,
Which often leaves the luistory unspoke,
Shakspeare. principal stem of the root.
Some put under the trees raised of seed, about TA'RDITY. ». s. (tarditas, from tardus, four inches below the place where they sow their L3t. ‘ardiveté, Fri] Slowness; want of seeds, a small piece ot' tile to stop the running velocity. down of the tuproot, which occasions it to branch
Suppose some observable tardity in the mowhen it comes to the tile.
tion of light, and then ask how we should arrive TA'PSTER. n. s. (from tap.] One whose to perceive it?
Digt. business is to draw beer in an alehouse. Our explication includes time in the notio:
of velocity and turdity.
Digis: The oath of a lover is no stronger than the kord of a tapster; they are both the confirmers TARDY. adj. (tardus, Lat. tardif, Fr.) of false reckonings.
Sbakspears. 1. Slow; not swift. Though you change your place, you need not Nor should their age by years be told, change your trade: I 'll be your iapster still.
Whose souils more swift chan morion climb,
Sbakspeare. And check the tardy flight of time.
2. Sluggish ; unwilling to action or R10e
tion. they please; and the apothecary may mingle her as he pleases.
Behold that navy which a while before Thongh the painting grows decay'd,
Provok'd the turdy English close to tight The house will never lose its trade;
Now draw their beaten vessels close to shore, Nay, though the treacherous tapster Thomas As larks lie dar'd to shun che hobbies Sight. Hangs a new angel two doors froin us. Swift,
When certain to o'ercome, inclin'd to save, TAR. %. [zare, Sax. tarre, Dutch;
Tardy to veageance, and with mercy brave. tiere, Dauish.] Liquid pitch; the tur.
3. Dilatory ; late; tedious.
The Greeks the gates approach'd, their targets You shall have letters from me to my son In your behalf, to meet you on the way,
Over their heads, some scaling-ladders plac'd Be not ta'en tardy by unwise delay. Shakspeare. Against the walls.
Derbam. Death he as oft accus'd
TARGETI'ER. 11. s. [from target.] One Of tardy execution, since denounc'd
armed with a target. The day of his offence.
Milton. For horsemen and for targstiers none could The iardy plants in our cold orchards plac'd,
with himn compare.
Сьаргмат. Reserve their fruit for the next age's taste:
TARGUM. N. s. [.5179] A para, hrase There a small grain in some few months will be A firm, a lofty, and a spacious tree. Waller on the pentateuch in the Chaldee lanTardy of aid, unseal thy heavy eyes;
guage. Awake, and with the dawning day arise. Dryd. TA'RIFF. n. s. [perhaps a Spanish word;
You may freely censure him for being tardy in his payments.
A cartel of commerce.
This branch of our trade was regulated by a 4. Unwary. A low word.
tariff, or declaration of the duties of import and Yield, scoundrel base, quoth she, or die,
Addison. Thy life is mine, and liberty:
Tarn. n. s. [tiorn, Islandick.] A bog ; But if thou think'st I took thee tardy, And dar'st presume to be so hardy
a fen; a marsh; a pool ; a quagmire. To try thy fortune o'er a-fresh,
To TA'RNISH, v. a. [ternir, Fr.) To I'll wave my title to thy flesh. Hudibras. sully; to soil; to make not bright. 3. Criminal; offending. A low word. Let him pray for resolution, that he may dis
If they take them tardy, they endeavour to cover nothing that may discredit the cause, tarhumble them by way of reprisal: those slips and
nisb the glory, and weaken the example of the mismanagements are usually ridiculed. Collier. suffering.
Low waves the rooted forest, vex'd, and sheds To TA'RDY. v. a. (tarder, Fr. from the What of its tarnisb'd honours yet remain. adjective.] To delay ; to hinder.
Tbomson. I chose
To TA'RNISH. v. n. To lose brightness. Camillo for the minister, to poison
If a fine object should tarnish by having a My friend Polixenes; which had been done,
great many see it, or the musick should run But that the good mind of Camillo tardied
mostly into one man's ears, these satistactions My swift command. Shakspeare. would be made inclosure.
Collier, TARE, n. s. [from teeren, Dutch, to con
TARPA'WLING. N. s. (from tar.) sume. Skinner.] A weed that grows
1. Hempen cloth smeared with tar. among corn.
Some the gallid ropes with dauby marling bind, Through hatred of tares, the corn in the field Or searcloth masts with strong tarpawling coats. of God is plucked up; Hooker.
Dryden. The liberal contributions such teachers met
2. A sailor, in contempt. with served to invite more labourers, where
Was any thing wanting to the extravagance of their seed-time was their harvest; and by sowe ing teres they reaped gold. Decay of Picty:
this age, but the making a living tarpawlin and
a swabber the hero of a tragedy? Dennis. My country neighbours begin not to think of being in general, which is being abstracted from TA'R RAGON, 1. s. A plant called herb all its inferior species, before they come to think
dragon. of the fly in their sheep, or the tares in their
TA'RRIANCE. n. s. [from tarry.] Stay; Locke.
delay; perhaps sojourn. TARE. n..s. (Fr.) A mercantile word
Dispatch me hence; denoting the weight of any thing con
Come, answer not; but do it presently, taining a commodity; also the allow I am impatient of iny tarriance. Sbakspeare, ance made for it.
TA'RRIER. n. s. Tare. The preterit of tear.
1. A sort of small dog, that hunts the fox The women beat their breasts, their cheeks
or otter out of his hole. This should be they tare.
Dryden. TARGE.'». s. (tanga, Sax. targe, Ital.
written terrier, from terre, French, the
earth. TA'R GET.) targe, Fr. tarian, Welsh,
The fox is earthed; but I shall send my two which seems the original of the rest; an
tarriers in after him.
Dryden, taorgett, Erse.) A kind of buckler or
2. One that tarries or stays. shield borne on the left arm. It seems
To TA'RRY. V. n. (targir, French.} to be commonly used for a defensive weapon, less in circumference than a
1. To stay ; to continue in a place. shield.
Tarry 1 here, I but attend on death;
Shaksp. Glancing on his helmer made a large
I yet am tender, young, and full of fear, And open gash therein, were not his targe
And dare not die, but fain would tarry here. That broke the violence.
Spenser. I took all their seven points in my targei.
2. To delay; to be long in coming. Henceforward will I bear
Thou art my deliverer, make no tarrying, O God.
Psalms. Upon my target three fair shining suns. Sbaks.
Who hath woe and redness of eyes? they that The arms she useth most is the terget, to shroud herself under, and fence away the blow.
tarry long at the wine.
Tarry ye here for us until we come again. They gather'd, broad as Amazonian targe.
Exoduse Milton. To TA'RRY, v.a. To wait for.
I will go drink with you, but I cannot tarrg To TA'RTARI'ZE. v. a. (from tartar.) To dinner.
Sbakspeare. impregnate with tartar. TA'RSEL. n. s. A kind of hawk.
TA'RTAROUS, adj. (from tartar.] ConHist! Romeo, hist! O for a falc'ner's voice, To lure this tarsel gentle back again! Sbaksp.
taining tartar; consisting of tartar. A falc'ner Henry is, when Emma hawks;
TA'RTLY.adv. [from tart. 1 With her of tarsels and of lures he talks. Prior. 1. Sharply ; sourly; with acidity. TA'RSUS. n. s. [-éco; tarse, Fr.] The 2. Sharply; with poignancy; with seve.
space betwixt the lower end of the focil rity. bones of the leg, and the beginning of
Seneca, an ingenious and sententious writer, the five long bones that are jointed with,
was by Caligula tartly called srena sine celu, sand without lime,
Walker. and bear up, the toes; it comprises seven 3. With sourness of aspect. bones, and the three ossa cuneiformia.
How tartly that gentleman looks!
Dict. -He is of a very melancholy disposition. An obscure motion, where the conjunction is
Sbakspeare. called synanthrosis; as, in joining the tarsus to TA'RINESS. n. s. [from tart.] the metatarsus.
1. Sharpness; sourness; acidity. Tart. adj. [reant, Sax. taertig, Dutch.] Of these sweets put in three gallons, more or 1. Sour ; acid; acidulated; sharp of taste. less, into an hogshead, as the tartness of your cy. 2. Sharp ; keen; severe.
Micrtixer. Why so tart a favour
2. Sourness of temper; poignancy of lanTo trumpet such good tidings? Sbakspeare. guage.
When his humours grew tart, as being now in They cannot be too sweet for the king's tartthe lees of favour, they brake forth into certain
Sbatspear. sudden excesses.
Wotton. TASK. 1. s. [tasche, Fr. tassa, Ital.] Tart. n. so starte, Fr. tarta, Ital. taart,
1. Something to be done imposed by a7Danish.] A small pie of fruit.
other. Figures with divers coloured earths, under the
Relieves me from my task of servile toil windows of the house on that side near which
Daily in the common prison else enjoin'd me. the garden stands, be but toys; you may see as
Miltas. good sights in tarts.
Baconia TARTANE, n. s. (tartana, Ital. tartane,
2. Employment; business.
His mental powers were equal to greater tarks. Fr.) A vessel much used in the Medi
Atterbury terranean, with one mast and a three No happier task these faded eyes pursue, cornered sail.
To read and weep is all they now can do. Pepee I set out from Marseilles to Genoa in a tar. 3. To take to Task. To reprove; to repritane, and arrived late at a small French port call
mand. ed Cassis.
Addison. TA'RTAR. n. s. (tartarus, Latin.]
A holy man took a soldier to task upon the subject of his profession.
L'Estrange 1. Hell. A word used by the old poets. He discovered some remains of his nature when Now obsolete.
he met with a football, for which sir Roger trek With this the damned ghosts he governeth, him to task. And furies rules, and tartare tempereth. Spens. To Task, v. a. (from the noun.] To He's in tartar limbo worse than hell;
burden with something to be done. A devil in an everlasting garment hath him,
Forth he goes One whose hard heart is button'd up with steel.
Like to a harvestman, chat's task'd to now, Sbakspeare. Or all, or lose his hire.
Sbakspeare 2. (tartre, Fr.] Tartar is what sticks to Some things of weight, wine casks, like a hard stone, either white Tbattask our thoughts,concerning us and France
. or red, as the colour of the wine from whence it comes : the white is prefera
I have drunk but one cup to-night, and that ble, as containing less dross or earthy
was craftily qualified too; and behold what inno
vation it makes here. I am unfortunate in the parts: the best comes from Germany,
intirmity, and dare not tasd my weakness with and is the tartar of the rhenish wine.
Divert thy thoughts at home; The fermented juice of grapes is partly turned There task thy maids, and exercise the loom. into liquid drops or lees, and partly into that crust or dry feculency that is commonly called TA'SKER.
2 n. s. [task and master. tartar: and this tartar may by the fire be di- TA'SK MASTERS One who imposes vided into five differing substances, four of which
tasks. are not acid, and the other not so manifestly acid
All is, if I have grace to use it so, as the tartar itself.
As ever in my great taskmaster's eye. Milter. TARTA'R EAN. adj. (tartarus, Latin.] The service of sin is perfect slavery; and he Hellish.
who will pay obedience to the commands of it
, His throne mix'd with tartarean sulphur. Milt. shall find it an unreasonable taskmaster, and an TARTA'R Eous. adj. [from tartar.]
unmeasurable exactor. 1. Consisting of tartar:
Hear, ye sullen powers below;
Hear, ye taskers of the dead. Dryden and Live thrown upon the fibres designed for the stone,
TA'ssel. n. s. (tasse, Fr. tassellus, low and the oily upon the seed within it.
Latin.) An ornamental bunch of silk, Hellish.
or glittering substances. The spirit of God downward purg'd
Then took the squire an horn of bugle small
, The black tartarżous cold infernal dregs,
Which hung adown his s.de in twisted gold, Adverse to life.
Milton. And tassels gay.
Their heads are tricked with tassels and 7. To take to be enjoyed. flowers.
Sandys. What hither brought us? not hope here to taste TA'ssel. n. s. (carduus fullonius.] An Of pleasure.
Milton, Ta'zEL. ) herb. See TEAZLE.
Of nature's bounty men forbore to taste,
Waller. TA'sseLED. adj. [from tassel.] Adorned with tassels.
8. To enjoy sparingly. Early, ere the odorous breath of morn
This fiery game your active youth maintain'd, Awakes the slumb'ring leaves, or tassel'd horn
Not yet by years extinguish'd, tho'restrain'd; Shakes the high chicket, haste I all about. Milt.
You season still with sports your serious hours,
For age but tastes of pleasures, youth devours. TA'sses. n. s. Armour for the thighs.
Taste, n. TA'STABLE. adj. That may be tasted ;
n. s. [from the verb.]
1. The act of tasting ; gustation. savoury ; relishing.
Best of fruits, whose taste gave elocution. Their distilled oils are fluid, volatile, and taste
2. The sense by which the relish of any To Taste. v. a. [taster, to try, French.)
thing on the palate is perceived. 1. To perceive and distinguish by the pa
Bees delight more in one flower than another, late.
and therefore have taste.
Bacon. The ruler of the feast tasted the water made Delicacies of taste, sight, smell. Milton,
jobn. The tardy plants in our cold orchards plac'd, 2. To try by the mouth; to eat at least in Reserve their fruit for the next age's taste. a small quartity.
Waller. Bold deed to taste it, under ban to touch. 3. Sensibility; perception.
Milton, I have almost forgot the taste of fears: 3. To essay first.
The time has been, my senses would have cool'd Roscetes' was seldom permitted to eat any
To hear a night shriek.
Sbaksghare. other mear but such as the prince before tasted
Musick in the close, of.
Knolles, As the last taste of sweets is sweetest last. Thou and I marching before our troops
Shakspeare. May taste face to them, mow them out a passage. 4. That sensation which all things taken
Dryden. into the mouth give particularly to the 4. To obtain pleasure from.
tongue, the papillæ of which are the So shalt thou be despis'd, fair maid,
principal instruments bereof. Quincy. When by the sated lover tasted;
Manna was like coriander seed, white; and What first he did with tears invade,
the taste of it was like wafers made with honey. Shall afterwards with scorn be wasted.
Though there be a great variety of testes, yet, s. To feel; to have perception of.
as in smells, they have only some few general He should taste death for every man. Heb.
Locke. 6. To relish intellectually; to approve; s. Intellectual relish or discernment. Thou, Adam, wilt taste no pleasure. Milion.
Seeing they pretend no quarrel at other psalms To TASTE. V. n.
which are in like manner appointed to be daily
read, why do these so much offend and displease 1. To try by the mouth; to eat.
Hooker. Of this tree we may not taste nor touch. Milt.
Sion's songs to all true tastes excelling, 2. To have a smack; to produce on the Where God is prais'd aright.
"Milton. palate a particular sensation.
I have no taste When the mouth is out of taste, it maketh Of popular applause.
Dryden. things taste bitter and loathsome, but never As he had no taste of true glory, we see him sweet.
Bacon. equipped like an Hercules, with a club and a When kine feed upon wild garlick, their milk lion's skin.
Addison. tasteth of it.
Bacon. This metaphor would not have been so gened If your butter tastes of brass, it is your ma ral, had there not been a conformity between ster's fault, who will not allow a silver saucepan. the mental taste and that sensitive taste which
Swift. gives us a relish of every flavour. Addison. 3. To distinguish intellectualiy.
Your way of life, in my taste, will be the best. Scholars, wheu good sense describing,
Pope. Call it tasting and imbibing.
Swift. How ill a taste for wit and sense prevails in 4. To be tinctured, or receive some qua
Swift. lity or character.
Pleasure results from a sense to discern, and
a taste to be affected with, beauty. Seed, Ev'ry idie, nice, and wanton reason
However contradictory it may be in geome. Shall , co the king, taste of this action. Sbaksp.
try, it is true in taste, that many little things 5. To try the relisb of any thing:
will not make a great one.
Reynolds. The body's life with mears and air is fed, Therefore the soul doth use the tasting pow'r
6. An essay; a trial; an experiment. Not In veins, which, through the tongue and palate spread,
I hope, for my brother's justification, he wrote Distinguish ev'ry relish sweet and sour. Davies.
this as an essay or taste of my virtue. Shakspo 6. To have perception of.
7. A small portion given as a specimen. Cowards die many times before their deaths; They thought it not safe to resolve, till they The valiant never taste of death but once. had a taste of the people's inclination. Bacon.
Shakspeare. Besides the prayers mentioned, I shall give The tasting of death touched the righceous only a taste of some few recommended to dea also, and there was a destruction of the multi veut persons in the manuals and offices. tude in the wilderness. Wisdom.