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Lies well steel'd with weighty arguments. TO STEEP. v. a. (stippen, Dutch.] To
Shakspeare. soak; to macerate; to imbue; to dip. So service shall with steeled fingers toil,
When his brother saw the red blood trail And labour shall refresh itself with hope. Sbaks. Adown so fast, and all his armour steep, From his metal was his party steel'd;
For very fellness loud he 'gan to weep. Spenser. Which, once in him rebated, all the rest
He, like an adder lurking in the weeds, Tun'd on themselves, like dull and heavy Jead. His wand'ring thought in deep desire does steepi
And his frail eye with spoil of beauty feeds. O God of battles! steel my soldiers hearts,
Spenser. Poseess them not with fear. Sbakspeare. A napkin steeped in the harmless blood Why will you tight against so sweet a passion, Of sweet young Rutland.
Sbakspeare And steel your heart to such a world of charms ? The conquering wine hath steep'd our senso
Addison. In soft and delicate Lethe. Shakspeurt. Man, foolish man!
Many dream not to find, neither deserve, Scarce know'st thou how thyself began;
And yet are stcep'd in favours.
Sbakspeant. Yec, steeld with study'd boldness, thou dar'st try Four days will quickly stop themselves in "To send thy doubted reason's dazzled eye
night; Thro' che mysterious gulph of vast immensity. Pour nights will quickly dream away the time. Prior.
Shakspeare. Let the steel'dTurk be deaf to matrons cries,
Most of the steepings are cheap things, and See virgins ravish'd with relentless eyes. Tickel.
the goodness of the crop is a' great matter of So perish all whose breasts the furies steeld, gain.
Bacon, And curs'd with hearts unknowing how to Whole droves of minds are by the driving god yield.
Compellid to drink the deep Lethean flood; STEE'LY. adj. [from steel.]
In large forgetful draughts to strep the cares
Of their past labours and their irksome years. 1. Made of steel.
Dryden. Thy brother's blood the thirsty earth hath
Wheat steeped in brine twelve hours prevents drunk,
Mortimer. - Broach'd with the steely point of Clifford's lance. STEEʻPLE. n. s. (rreopel, rzypel, Sax.}
Sbakspeare. Here smokes his forge; he bares his sinewy arm,
A turret of a church, generally furnishAnd early strokes the sounding anvil warm :
ed with bells; a spire. Around his shop the steely sparkles flew,
Blow, winds, and crack your cheeks; rage, As for the steed he shap'd the bending shoe. Gay,
blow! 2. Hard ; firm.
You cataracts and hurricanoes, spout! That she would unarm her noble heart of that Till you have drench'd our steeples, drown'd the steely resistance against the sweet blows of love.
What was found in many places, and preached
for wheat fallen on the ground from the clouds, STEE'LYARD. n. s. (steel and gard. ) A
was but the seed of ivy-berries; and, though kind of balance, in which the weight is found in steeples or high places, might be conmoved along an iron rod, and grows veyed thither or muted by birds. Brorun. heavier as it is removed further from the
A raven I saw steeple-high, just over your house.
They, far from steeples and their sacred sound, STEEN or STEAX. n. s. A vessel of clay In fields their sullen conventicles found. Dryd. or stone.
Ainsworth. STEEPLY. adv. [from steep.) With preSTEEP. adj. (steap, Sax.] Rising or
cipitous declivity. descending with great inclination ; pre- Śree'pness. n. s. [from steep.) Precipitcipitous.
ons declivity. The mountains shall be thrown down, and the
The craggedness or strepness of that mountain stere places shall fall.
maketh many parts of it inaccessible. Brerew. He now had conquer'd Anxur's steep ascene. Lord Lovel swam over Trent on horseback,
Addison. but could not recover the farther side, by reaTEEP. n. s. Precipice ; ascent or descent son of the steepness of the bank, and so was approaching to perpendicularity.
Bacon. As that Thebean monster that propos'd
Vineyards, meadows, and corn-fields, lie on Her riddle, and him, who solv'd it not, devour'd; the borders, and run up all the sides of the Alps, That once found out and solv'd, for grief and where the barrenness of the rocks, or the steepspight
ness of the ascent, will sutter them. Addison. Cast herselt headlong from th' Ismenian steep. STEE'PY. adj. (trom steep.] Having a
precipitous declivity. A poetical word As high turrets for their airy steep Require foundations in proportion deep;
Who hath dispos'd, but thou, the winding way, And lofty cedars as far upwards shoot
Where springs down from the steepy craggs do As to the nether heavens they drive the root;
W ottox. So low did her secure foundation lie, She was not humble, but humility. Dryden.
A prophet some, and some a poet cry,
From sterpy Othrys' top to Pylus drove
His herd; and for his pains enjoy'd his love.
Dryden. To the nest headlong steep of anarchy. Drydor.
No more, my goats, shall I behold you climb We had on each side naked rocks and mountains, broken into a thousand irregular stoeps
The sterpy clitís, or crop the flow'ry thyme. and precipices. Aldison.
STEER. Leaning u'er the rails, he musing stood,
n. s. (rtyre, szeor, rrione, Sax. And view d below the black canal of mud, stier, Dutch.) A young bullock. Where common shores a lulling marmur kep, They think themselves half exempted from Whise torrents rush from Holborn's iatal steep. law and obedience; and having once tasted free
Giye doin, do, like a stoor that hath been long out of
his ycke, grudge and repine ever after to come
In part shed down under rule again.
Their stellar virtue, on all kinds that grow
On earth; made hereby apter to receive
Milter At whose strong chest the deadly tiger hangs, Salt dissolved, upon fixation, returns to its afE’er plow'd for him.
Thomson. fected cubes, and regular figures of minerals; as TO STEER. v. a. [rzeonan, stýran, Sax.
the hexagonal of chrystal, and stellar figure of the stone asteria.
Glanville. stieren, Dutch.] To direct; to guide in
STE'LLATE. auj. (stellatus, Lat.] Point. a passage : originally used of a ship, but
ed in the manner of a painted star. applied to other things.
One making a regulus of antimony, without A com palmer, clad in black attire,
iron, found his regulus adorned with a more Of ripest years, and hairs all hoary gray,
conspicuous star than I have seen in several stel. That with a starf his feebie steps did steer,
late reguluses of antimony and mars. Bogle, Lest his long way his aged limbs should tire.
STELLA'TION. n. s. [from stella, Latin.] If a pilot cannot see the pole star, it can be no Emission of light as from a star. fault in him to steer his course by such stars as STE'LLED. adj. Starry: do best appear to him.
And quench'd the stelled fires. Shaispear:: TO STEER, V. n.
STELLI'FEROUS. adj. (siella and jero:]
Dict. 1. To direct a course at sea.
As when a ship, by skilful steersman wrought, STE'LLION. n. so [ste!lio, Latin.] A newt. Nigh river's mouth, or foreland, where the wind
Ainswortb. Veers oft, as oft so steers, and shifts her sail. STE'LLIONATE. n. s. (stellionat, French;
stellionatus, Latin.) A kind of crime In a creature whose thoughts are more than
which is committed [in law] by a dethe sands and wider than the ocean, fancy and passion must needs run him into strange courses,
ceitful selling of a thing otherwise than if reason, which is his only star and compass, be it really is: as, if a man should sell that not that he steers by.
Locke. for his own estate which is actually an2. To conduct himself.
It discerneth of crimes of stellionate, and the STEE'RAGE. n. s. [from steer.]
inchoations towards crimes capital, not actually 1. The act or practice of steering.
Bacon. Having got his vessel launched and set akoat: Stem. n. s. (stemma, Latin.] he committed the stuerage of it io such as he thought capable of conducting it.
1. The stalk ; the twig. 2. Direction; regulation of a course.
Two lovely berries molded on one stem,
So with two seeming bodies, but one heart.
After they are first shot up thirty foo: in 3. That by which any course is guided.
length, they spread a very large top, having no His costly frame
bough nor iwig in the trunk or stem. Raleigs. Inscrib'd to Phæbus, here he hung on high,
Ser them aslope a reasonable depth, and then The steerage of his wings, and cut the sky. Dryd.
they will put forth many roots, and so carry 4. Regulation or management of any thing. more shoots upon a stem.
Bacon. You raise the honour of the peerage,
This, cre it was in th' earth, Proud to attend you at the steerage, Swift. God made, and every herb before it grew 5. The stern or hinder part of the ship. On the green stem.
The stem thus threaten'd, and the sap in thee, STEE'RSMATE.] n. s. (steer and man, or
Drops all the branches of that nobletree. Waller. STEE'RSMAN. mate.] A pilot ; one Farewell, you flow'rs, whose buds with early who steers a ship.
What pilot so expert but needs must wreck, I watch'd, and to the chearful sun did rear: Embark'd with such a steersmate at the helm? Who now shall bind your stems? or, whon you
fall, In a storm, though the vessel be pressed never With fountain streams your fainting souls recali? so hard, a skilful steersman will yet bear up
Drydest against it.
L'Estrange. The low'ring spring with lavish rain Thro' it the joyful steersman clears his way, Beats down the slender stem and bearded grain And comes to anchor in his inmost bay. Dryd. STEGANO'GRAPHIST. n. s. (styavós and 2. Family; race; generation. Pedigrees
yga pw.] He who practises the art of se. are drawn in the form of a branching cret writing.
tree. STEGANO'GRAPHY. *. s. [sryavos and
I will assay her worth to celebrate;
And so attend ye toward her glittering state, ypróbw.] The art of secret writing, by
Where ye may all, that are of noble stem, characters or ciphers intelligible only to
Milton the persons who correspond one with Whosoever will undertake the imperial diaanother.
Bailey. dem, must have of his own wherewith to support STEGNO'TICK. adj. [siyiwrinis.] Binding ; it; which is one of the reasons that it hath conrendering costive.
tinued these two ages and more in that stri, Bailey. now so much spoken of.
Huwel, STE'LE. n. s. (rrela, Saxon; stele, Dut.]
Dost thou in hounds aspire to deathless fame? A stalk; a bandle.
Learn well their lineage and their ancient sten. STE'LLAR. adj. [from stella, Latin.]
Ticke Astral; relating to the stars.
3. Progeny ; branch of a family,
This is a stem
he was ab'e, by the help of wings, in a running Of that victorious stock, and let us fear
pace, to step constantly ten yards at a time. His native mightiness. Shakespeare.
Wilkins. 4. [stammen, Swedish.]
The prow or
2. To advance by a sudden progression. forepart of a ship.
Whosoever first, after the troubling the waOrante's barque, ev'n in the hero's view, ter, stepped in, was made whole.
stepp'd TO STEM. v. a. [stæmma, Islandick.] To
Into a great estate.
Shakspeare. oppose a current; to pass cross or for. 3. To move mentally.
When a person is hearing a sermon, he may ward not withstanding the stream.
give his thoughts leave to step back so far as to They on the trading flood,
recollect the several heads.
Watts. Through the wide Ethiopian to the cape,
They are stepping almost three thousand years Ply, stemming nightly tow'rd the pole.' Milton.
back into the remotest antiquity, the only true Above the deep they raise their scaly crests, mirrour of that ancient worid.
Pope. And stem the flood with cheir erected breasts.
I am in blood
Stept in so far, that should I wade no more, Ere sharp-keeld boats to stem the food did
Returning were as tedious as go o'er. Sbaksp. learn,
5. To come as it were by chance. Or fin-like oars did spread from either side.
The old poets step in to the assistance of the Dryden. medalist.
Addison. At length Erasmus, that great injur'd name,
6. To take a short walk. Stemmd the wild corrent of a barb'rous age,
See where he comes; so, please you.step aside: And drove those holy Vandals off the stage. Pope.
I'll know his grievance.
Skakspeare. STENCH. n. s. [from stencan, Saxon.]
My brothers, when they saw me wearied out, 1. A stink; a bad smell.
Stepp'd, as they said, to the next thicket-side
Milton. Death, death, oh amiable and lovely death!
When your master wants a servant who hapo Thou odoriferous stencb, sound rottenness,
pens to be abroad, answer, that he had but that Arise forth from thy couch of lasting night. minute stept out.
Swift. Shakspoare. 7. To walk gravely, slowly, or resolutely. So bees with smoke, and doves with noisome
Pyrrhus, the most ancient of all the bashaws, stencb, Are from their hives and houses driv'n away.
stept forth, and, appealing unto his mercies, ear. Sbakspeare,
nestly requested him to spare his life. Knolles.
When you stepp'd forth, how did the monster Physkians, by the stencb of feathers, cure the rising of the mother.
rage, The ministery will be found the sale of the
In scorn of your soft looks and tender age!
Cowley earth, the thing that keeps societies of men from
Home the swain retreats, stench and corruption.
His flock before him stepping to the fold. Tboms. The hoary Nar Corrupted with the stench of sulphur flows, STEP. n. s. (rtæp, Saxon; stap, Dutch.) And into Tiber's stream th' infected current 1. Progression by one removal of the throws.
foot. 2. I find it used once for a good smell.
Thou sound and firm-set earth, Black bulls and bearded goats on altars lie, Hear not my steps, which way they walk. Shak. And clouds of say’ry stench involve the sky.
Ling'ring perdition, worse than any death
Dryden. Can be at once, shall step by step atiend To STENCA. v. a. (from the noun.]
You and your ways.
Shakspear:. 1. To make to stink. Not proper, or in
Who was the first to explore th' untrodden use.
path, The foulness of the ponds only stencbetb the
When life was hazarded in every step? Addison. water.
Mortimer. 2. One remove in climbing; hold for the 2. (for staunch, corruptly.) To stop; to foot; a stair. hinder to flow.
While Solyman lay at Buda, seven bloody They had better skill to let blood than stench heads of bishops slain in battle were set in or. it.
Kno!los. Restringents to stencb, and incrassatives to The breadth of every single step or stair should thicken, the blood.
Harvey: be never less than one foot, nor more than eighSTENOGRAPHY. H. s. [sryds and yra pur] teen inches.
Those heights where William's virtue might the accurst sterograpby of state !
Have staid, The princely eagle shrunk into a bat. Cleavel, And on the subject world look'd safely down,
By Marlbro' pass'd, the props and steps were STENTOROPHO'NICK.adj. (from Stentor,
made the Homerical herald, whose voice was Sublimer yet to raise his queen's renown. Prior. as loud as that of fifty men, and cum, a
It was a saying among the ancients, Truth voice.) Loudly speaking or sounding,
lies in a well; and, to carry on this metaphor, Of this stentoropbonick horn of Alexander
we may justly say, that logick does supply us
with steps whereby we may go down to reach there is a figure preserved in the Vatican. Derb.
the water. TO STEP. v. n. [rræppan, Sax. stappen, 3. Quantity of space passed or measured Dutch]
by one removal of the foot. 1. To move by a single change of the 'The gradus, a Roman nieasure, may be transplace of the foot.
lated a step, or the half of a passus or pace. Que of our nation bath proceeded so far, that
4. A small length ; a small space.
A step-dame too I have, a cursed she, There is but a step between me and death.
Who rcles my hen-peck'd sire, and orders are. 1 Samuel.
Dryden. s. [In the plural.) Walk; passage.
Any body would have guessed miss to have O may thy pow'r, propitious still to me,
been bred up under the influence of a cruel stepConduct my steps to find the fatal tree
dame, and John to be the fondling of a tender
Dryden. 6. Gradation ; degree.
STE'PPINGSTONE. n. s. (step and stone.)
Like stepping stones to save a stride,
In streets where kennels are too wide. Swif. 7. Progression; act of advancing.
STERcora'ceous.adj. (stercoraceus, Lat. To derive two or three general principles of motion from phænomena, and afterwards to tell
Belonging to dung'; partaking of the us how the properties and actions of all corporeal nature of dung. things follow from those manifest principles, Green juicy vegetables, in a heap together, ac would be a very great step in philosophy, though quire a heat equal to that of a human body; then the causes of those principles were not yet dis a putrid stercoraceous taste and odour, in taste covered.
Nervton. resembling putrid fesh, and in smell human One injury is best defended by a second, and
Arbuthnot. this by a third : by these steps the old masters STERCORA'rson. n. s. [from stercora, of the palace in france became masters of the Lat.) The act of dunging; the act of kingdom; and by these steps a general during
manuring with dung. pleasure might have grown into a general for
The first help is stercoration : the sheeps dung life, and a general for life into a king. Swift.
is one of the best, and the next, dung of kino The qucrist niust not proceed too swiftly io
and that of horses.
Bacon. wards the determination of his point, that he
Storcoration is seasonable.
Edelyn. may with more ease draw the learner to those
The exteriour pulp of the fruit serves not only principles siap by step, from whence the final
for the security of the seed, whilst je hangs upon conclusion will arise.
the plant, but, after it is fallen upon the earth, 8. Footstep ; print of the foot.
for the stercoration of the soil, and promotion of From hence Astrea took her flight, and here the growth, though not the first germination of The prints of her departing steps appear. Dryd. the seminal plant.
Ray. m. Gait; manner of walking.
STEREO'GRAPHY, n. s. (sipeas and ypápu; Sudden from the golden throne
stereographie, French.) The art of draw. With a submissive step I hasted down ; The glowing garland from my hair I took,
ing the forms of solids upon a plane. Love in my heart, obedience in my look. Prior.
Harris. 10. Action ; instance of conduct.
STEREOʻMETRY. x. s. [seped; and perpés ;
related only by marriage. (rteop, Sax. Lat.] Barren ; unfruitful; not product-
Our elders say,
The barren, touched in this holy chase,
Shake off their steril curse. son; to which it indeed, according to
The sea marge steril, and rocky hard. Sbaks. this etymology, more properly belongs:
In very steril years, corn sown will grow to but as it is now seldom apphed but to another kind.
Bacon. the mother, it seems to mean, in the To separate seeds, put them in water: such mind of those who use it, a woman who as are corrupted and steril swim. Brown. has stepped into the vacant place of the She is grown steril and barren, and her births
of animals are now very inconsiderable. More.. true mother.]
When the vegetative stratum was once washed How should their minds chuse but misdoubt,
off by rains, the hills would have become barren, Jest this discipline, which always you match with divine doctrine as her natural and true sister, be
the strata below yielding only mere sterile and
mineral matter, such as vas inept for the formfound unto all kinds of knowledge a step-mother?
ation of vegetables. Hookor.
Woodward. His wanton step-dame loved him the more ;
STERI'LITY. n. so (sterilité, French; steris, But, when she saw her offer'd sweets refuse, litas, from sterilis, Latin.] Barrenness; Her love she turnd to hate.
Spenser. want of fecundity; unfruitfulness. You shall not tind me, daughter,
Spain is thin sown of people, by reason of the After the slander of most step-metbers,
sterility of the soil, and because their natives are Ill-eyed unto you.
Sbakspeare. exhausted by so many einployments in such vast A father cruel, and a step-dame false. Shaksp. territories.
Bacon. Cato the elder, being aged, buried his wife, An eternal sterilly must have possessed the and married a young woman: his son came to world, where all things had been fastened ever. him, and said, Sir, what have I offended, that lastingly with the adamantina chains of specie you have brought a step-mother into your house? fick gravity, if the Almighty had not said, Let The old man answered, Nay, quite the contrary, the carth bring forth grass, the herb yielding son; thou pleasest me so well, as I would be glad seed, and the fruit-tree yielding fruit. Benileg. to have more such.
Bacon, He had more frequent occasion for repetition The name of step-dome, your practis'd art, than any poet; yet one cannot ascribe this to By which you have estrang'd my father's heart, any sterility of expression, but to the genius of All you have done against me, or design,
his times, which delighted in these reiterated Shows your aversico, but begets not mine. Dryd. Ver es.
To STE'RILIZE. v. a. [from steril.] To
Then shall the war, and stern debate, make barren; to deprive of fecundity,
Immortal, be the bus'ness of my life; or the power of production.
And in thy fame, the dusty spoils among, May we not as well suppose the sterilizing the earth was suspended for some time, till the
High on the burnish'd roof my banner shall be hung.
Dryden. deluge became the executioner of it?
How, stern as tutors, and as uncles hard,
Woodward. Go! sterilize the fertile with thy rage.
We lash the pupil, and defraud the ward. Dryd.
3. Hard; afflictive. Savage.
If wolves had at thy gate howl'd that stern STE'RLING. adj. [Of this word many de
time, rirations have been offered; the most Thou shouldst have said, Go, porter, turn the probable of which is that offered by key, Camden, who derives it from the Easter
All cruels else subscrib'd.
Sbakspeare, lings, who were employed as coiners.]
And with his stern steele drew in streames the 1. An epithet by which genuine English
Chapman. money is discriminated.
The king's treasure, that he left at his death, STERN. n. s. [sreor, Saxon : of the same amounted unto eighteen hundred thousand original with steer.] pounds sterling:
1. The hind part of the ship where the Several of them would rather chuse to count rudder is placed. out a sum in sesterces than in pounds sterling.
Let a barbarous Indian, who had never seen
Addison, 2. Genuine; having passed the test.
a ship, view the separate and disjointed parts, as There is not one single witty phrase in this
the prow and stern, the ribs, masts, ropes, and collection, which hath not received the stamp
shrouds, he would form but a very lame idea of it.
Watts. and approbation of one hundred years : he may They turn their heads to sea, their sterns to therefore be secure to find them all genuine,
. sterling, and authentick. STERLING. 1. s. (sterlingum, low La:in; 2. Post of management; direction.
The king from Eltam I intend to send, from the adjective.]
And sit at chiefest stern of publick weal. Sbaks. 1. English coin ; money.
3. The hinder part of any thing. This visionary various projeots tries,
She all at once her beastly body rais'd And knows that to be rich is to be wise:
With doubled forces high above the ground, By useful observation he can tell The sacred charms that in true sterling dwell;
Though wrapping up her wreathed stern around.
Sponser. How gold makes a patrician of a slave, STE'RNAGE. n. s. [from stern.] The A dwarf an Atlas, a Thersites brave. Gartb. Great name! which in our rolls recorded
steerage or stern. Not used. stands,
Grapple your minds to sternage of this navy, Leads honours, and protects the learned bands,
And leave your England as dead midnight still. Accept this offering to thy bounty due,
Sbakspeare. And Roman wealth in English sterling view.
STE'RNLY. adv. (from stern.] In a stern
C. Arbuthnot. manner; severely ; truculentiy. 2. Standard rate.
No mountaine lion tore STERN. adj. [rzynn, Saxon.]
Two lambs so sternly.
Sternly he pronounc'd 1. Severe of countenance; truculent of
The rigid interdiction.
Yet sure thou art not, nor thy face, the Why look you still so stern and tragical? Sbak.
same, I would outstare the sternest eyes that look, Nor thy limbs moulded in so soft a frame; Outbrave the heart most daring on the earth, Thou look'st more sternly, dost more strongly Pluck the young sucking cubs from the she-bear,
move, Yea, mock the lion when he roars for prey, And more of awe chou bear'st, and less of love. To win thee, lady. Sbakspeare.
Knolles. 1. Severity of look.
Of stature huge, and eke of courage bold, Fear'd her stern frown, and she was queen o'th'
That sous of men amaz'd their sternness do bem woods.
Spenser. The judge supreme soon cast a stedfast eye,
How would he look, to see his work so noble Stern, yet attemper'd with benignity. Harte.
Wildly bound up! or how 2. Severe of manners ; harsh ; unrelent
Should I, in these my borrow'd flaunts, behold
The sternness of his presence! Sbakspeare. ing; cruel. Women are soft, mild, pitiful, and Alexible;
2. Severity or harshness of manners.
I have sternness in my soul enough Thou, stern, obdurate, flinty, rough, remorseless.
To hear of soldiers work.
STE'RNON. n. 5. (sirva." The breastbone. Whose heart th’accustom’d sight of death makes
A soldier was shot in the breast through the hard,
Wiseman. Falls not the ax upon the humbled neck
STERNUTA’TION. n. s. (sternutatio, Lat.) But first begs pardon : will you sterner be
The act of sneezing. Than he chat deals and lives by bloody drops ? Sternutation is a convulsive shaking of the
Sbakspeare. nerves and muscles, occasioned by an irritation Did this in Cæsar seem ambitious ?
of those in the nostrils.
Quincy. When that the poor have cried, Cæsar hath Concerning sternutation, or sneezing, and the wept;
custom of saluting upon that motion, it is geneAmbition should be made of sterner stuff, Sbaks. sally believed to derive its original from a dis