« ZurückWeiter »
Thyself but dust, thy stature but a span; If she do bid me pack, I 'll give her thanks, A moment thy duration, foolish man! Prior.
As though she bid me say by her a week. We have certain demonstration from Egyptian
Shakspeare mummies, and Roman urns and rings, and mea Not after resurrection shall he stay sures and edifices, and many other antiquities, Longer on earth than certain times i' appear. that human stature has not diminished for above
Milton. two thousand years.
Bentley. He did ordain, that as many might depart as STA'TUT ABLE. adj. [from statute.] AC would; but as many as would stay should have cording to statute.
very good means to live, from the state. Bacon. I met with one who was three inches above They flocked in such multitudes, that they not Ave feet, the statutable measure of that club. only stayed for their resort, but discharged diAddison.
Hayward. STA'TUTABLY. adv. (from statutable.]
The injur'd sca, which from her wonted place, In a manner agreeable to law.
To gain some acres, avarice did force,
If the new banks neglected once decay, STA'TUTE. n. s. (statut, French ; statut. No longer will from her old channel stay. un, Latin.) A law; an edict of the le.
Stay, I command you, stay and hear me first. Not only the common law, but also the sta
Dryden. tutes and acts of parliament, were specially in Nor must he stay at home, because he must tended for its benefit.
Every plant has its atmosphere, which hath Ere human statute purg'd the gen'ral weal. various effects on those who stay near them. Şbakspeare.
Arbuthnel. There was a statute against vagabonds; where Servants sent on messages stay out longer than in nore the dislike the parliament had of goaling the message requires.
Swift them as chargcable and pesterous. Bacon. 2. To continue in a state. Know the statutes of heaven and laws of eter
The fames augment, and stay nity, those iromutable rules of justice. Tillotsox. At their full height; then languish to decay. O queen! indulg'd by favour of the gods
Dryden To build a town, with statutes to restrain
To wait; to attend ; to forbear to act. The wild inhabitants beneath thy reign. Dryd. I'll tell thee my whole device TO STAVE. v. a. (from staff, in the plural When I am in my coach, which stays for us. staves.]
Sbakspeare: 1. To break in pieces : used originally of
Would ye tarry for them till they are grown? barrels made of small parts or staves.
would ye stay for them from having husbands?
Ruth If an irreverent expression, or a thought too
We for his royal presence only stay wanton, are crept into my verses, let them be
To end the rites. staved or forfeited like contrabanded goods.
I stay for Turnus, whose devoted head
Is owing to the living and the dead; 2. To push away as with a staff: with off:
My son and I expect it from his hand. Dryden. How can they escape the contagion of the
The father cannot stay any longer for the for• writings, whom the virulency of the calumnies
tune, nor the mother for a new set of babies to have not staved off from reading? Ben Jonson.
Locke. The condition of a servant staves him of to a distance; but the gospel speaks nothing but al. 4. To stop; to stand still.
When she list pour out her larger spright, lurement, at:raction, and invitation. Soutb.
She would command the hasty sun to stay, 3. To pour out by breaking the cask.
Or backward turn his course.
Spenser. The feared disorders that might ensue thereof
Perkin Warbeck, finding that when matters have been an occasion that divers times all the
down the hill, they stay not without a Wine in the city hath been staved. Sandys. new force, resolved to try some exploit upor 1. To furnish with rundles or staves. England.
Bacon. This was the shameful end of Aloysus Grit.
Satan fus, Solyman's deputy in Hungary; who, climba Throws his steep Aight in many an airy wheel, ing too fast up the evil staved ladders of ambi
Nor stay'd, till on Niphates' top he lights. Mill
. tion, suddenly fell and never rose more. Knolles. 5. To dwell; to be long, T. STAVE. v. n. To fight with staves. Equal shame and envy stirr'd.
On Amphir, or what deaths he dealt that day, I'th' enemy, that one should beard
Dryden. So many warriours, and so stout,
I must stay a little on one action, which pre As he had done, and stav'd it out. Hudibras. ferred the relief of others to the consideration TO STAVE and Tail. v. a. To part dogs of yourself.
by interposing a staff, and by pulling 6. To rest confidently : with upon. the tail.
Because ye trust in oppression, and stay there The conquering foe they soon assail'd;
this shall be as a breach ready to fall" Isaiab, First Trulla stav'd, and Cerdon taild. Hudibras. They call themselves of the boly city, and STAVES. n. s. The plural of staff.
stay themselves upon God.
TO STAY. v. a. All in strange manner arm’d, Some rustick knives, some staves in fire warm'd. 1. To stop; to withhold ; to repress.
All that may stay their minds from thinking They tie teasils up in bundles or staves. that true which they heartily wish were false,
Mortimer. but cannot think it so without some scruple. STA'VESACRE. n. s. [berba pedicularis, Latin.7 Larkspur ; a plant.
The Syrens sang to allure them into danger ; TO STAY. v. n. (stnen, Dutch.]
but Orpheus sang so well that he staid them. 1. To continue in a place; to forbear de.
He took nothing but a bit of brend to stay parture.
Nor will I stay
To stay these sudden gusts of passion
His fell heart thought long that little way, That hurry you from reason, rest assurd
Griev'd with each step, tormented with each stay. The secret of your love lives with me only:
Fairfax. Rozve. 4. Restraint ; prudence; caution ; discrete Stay her stomach with these half hundred steadiness ; sobriety of judgment. plays, till I can procure her a romance big enough
For her son, to satisfy her great soul with adventures. Pope. In her own hand the crown she kept in store, Why cease we then the wrath of heaven'to
Till riper years he raught, and stronger stay. stay?
Spenser. Be humbled all.
Many just and temperate provisos well'shew, 2. To delay; to obstruct; to hinder from ed and foretokened the wisdom, stay, and mo•
deration, of the king.
Bacon. progression. The joyous Time will not be stay'd
With prudent stay he long deferrod Unless she do him by the forelock. take. Spens.
The rough contention.
Pbilips. Your ships are staid at Venice. Sbakspeare. s. A fixed state. Unto the shore, with tears, with sighs, with
Who have before, or shall write after thee, moan,
Their works, though toughly laboured, will be They him conduct; cursing the bounds that stay Like infancy or age to man's firm stay, Their willing fleet, that would have further Or early and late twilights to mid-day. Donne.
Daniel. Alas! what stay is there in human state? I will bring thee where no shadow stays
And who can shun inevitable fate? Dryders. Thy coming, and thy soft embraces. Milton. 6. A prop; a support.
I was willing to stay my reader on an argu Obedience of creatures unto the law of nature ment that appears to me new. Locke. is the stay of the whole world.
What surety of the world, what hope, what 3. To keep from departure.
stay, If as a prisoner I were here, you might When this was once a king, and now is clay? Have then insisted on a conqueror's right,
Shakspeare. And stay'd me here.
My only strength, and stay! forlorn of thee, 4. [estager, French.] To prop; to support;
Whither shall I betake me? 'where subsist? to hold up:
Milton, On this determination we might stay our.
Trees serve as so many stays for their vines, selves without further proceeding herein.
which hang like garlands from tree to tree.
Addison, Hooker, Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands, the one
7. Tackling. in the one side and the other on the other.
With stays and cordage last he rigg'd a ship, Exodus,
And, rollid on levers, launch'd her in the deep. Sallows and reeds, for vineyards useful found,
Popr. To stay thy vines.
Dryden. 8. Steadiness of conduct. STAY. n. s. [estaye, French.) See Stays. STA'YRD. part. adj. [from stay.] Fised; 1. Continuance in a place ; forbearance of
settled ; serious ; not volatile. departure.
Whatsoever is above these proceedeth of short
ness of memory, or of want of a stayed and equal Determine attention.
Bacon, Or for her stay or going; the affair cries haste.
He was well stay'd, and in his gait
Preserv'd a grave majestick state. H:dibras. Should judges make a longer stay in a place A stayed man and wife are seldom so indolent than usually they do, a day in a county would
as not to find consolation in each other. Popes be a very good addition.
Bacon. Her long with ardent look his eye pursu'd,
STA'YEDLY. adv. [from stayed.] ComDelighted ! but desired more her stay. Milton. posedly; gravely; prudently; soberly; 'The Thracian youth invades
calmly ; judiciously.
1. Solidity; weight.
When substantialness combineth with delighte Denham.
fulness, and currentness with stayedneso, how can What pleasure hop'st thou in my stay,
the language sound otherwise than inost full of When I'm constrain'd and wish myself away?
Camden. Dryden. 2. Composure; prudence ; gravity; judi When the wine sparkles,
ciousness. Make haste, and leave thy business and thy Sta’YER. n. s. [from stay.] One who
care; No mortal int'rest can be worth thy stay. Dryd.
stops, holds, or supports.
May Jove, the guardian of the capitol, 2. Stand; cessation of progression.
He, the great stayer of our troops in rout, Bones, after full growth, continue at a stay; Fulfil your hopes, and aniinate the cohorts. teech stand at a stay, except their wearing:
A. Pbilips. Bacon. STA'YLACE. n. s. [stay and lace. ! A lace Affairs of state seemed rather to stand at a stay, than to advance or decline. Hayward.
with which women fasten their boddice. Made of sphere-metal, never to decay,
A staylace from England should become a coUntil his revolution was at stay.
of whalebone, worn by women. 3. A stop ; an obstruction ; a binderance No stubborn stays her yielding shape embrace. from progress.
2. Ropes in a ship to keep the mast from Your friendly aid and counsel much may stead
Rowe. falling aft.
All masts, topmasts, and flagstaves, have stays, 2. To fill the place of another. Obsolete. except the spritsail topmast: the mainmast,
We shall advise this wronged maid to stead up foremast, with the masts belonging to them, your appointment, and go in your place. Sbaki. have also back stays, which help to keep the Stea'd fast. adj. (stead and fast.] mast from pitching forward or overboard. Harris.
1. Fast in place; firm ; fixed. 3. [rtade, Saxon.] Station ; fixed anchor. Such was this giant's fall, that seem'd to shake age.
This stedfast globe of earth, as it for fear did They were come upon the stays, when one of
Spenser. the sailors descried a galley.
Laws ought to be like stony tables, plain, stead. Our ships lay anchor'd close: nor needed we fast, and immoveable.
Spenser. Feare harme on any staies.
How rev'rend is the face of this tall pile, 4. Any support; any thing that keeps an
Whose massy pillars rear their aged heads
To bcar aloft its arch'd and pond'rous roof, other extended. Weavers, stretch your stays upon the west.
By its own weight made steadfast and immore
Dryden. STEAD. n. s. (rred, Saxon.]
Looking tranquillity; it strikes an awe
And terrour on my aking sight. Congreo. I. Place. Obsolete.
2. Constant; resolute. Fly, therefore, fly this fearful stead anon,
I hope her stubborn heart to bend, Lest'thy fool hardize work thee sad confusion.
And that it then more stedfast will endure. Spenser.
Spenser They nigh approached to the stead
Be faithful to thy neighbour in his poverty; Where as those maremaids dwelt. Spenser. abide stedfast unto him in the time of his trouble. The term of life is limited,
Ecclesiasticelor Ne may a man prolong nor shorten it;
Him resist, stedfast in the faith. 1 Pater. The soldier may not move from watchful stead, Nor leave his stand, until his captain bed. Spend 3. Not turned aside by fear.
What form of death could him affright, 2. Room; place which another had or
Who, unconcern'd, with stedfast sight might have. It is scarcely used but Could view the surges mounting steep, with the preposition in.
And monsters rolling in the deep? Dryden If we had taken them clean away, or else re STEA'D FASTLY, adv. [from steadfast.] moved them, so as to place in their stead others, we had done worse.
Firmly; constantly. There fell down many slain, and they dwelt
God's omniscience steadfastly grasps the greate in their stedds until the captivity. 1 Cbronicles.
est and most slippery uncertainties. Sautb. Nor do the bold'st attempts bring forth
In general, stedfastly believe, that whatever Events still equal to their worth;
God hath revealed is infallibly true. But sometimes fail, and in their stead
ȘTEA'DFASTNESS. n. s. [from steadfast.] Fortune and cowardice succeed. Butler. Jealousy then fir'd his soul,
1. Immutability; fixedness. And his face kindled like a burning coal;
So hard these heavenly beauties be enfir'd, Now cold despair succeeding in her stead,
As things divine, least passions do impress,
The more of steadfast minds to be admir'd, To livid paleness turns the glowing red. Dryden.
The more they stayed be on stedfastness. Spesa 3. Use; help. To stand in strad; to be of
2. Firmness ; constancy; resolution. great use; to help; to advantage.
complete man bath some parts, whereof the STEA'DILY. adv. (from steady.] want could not deprive him of his essence; yet 1. Without tottering; without shaking. to have them stundeth him in singular strad, in Sin bas a tendency to bring men under eyils, respect of special uses.
Hooker. unless hindered by some accident, which no He makes his understanding the warehouse of man can steadily build upon.
South lumber rather than a repository of truth, which 2. Without variation or irregularity. will stand him in stead when he has occasion for
So steadily does fickle fortune steer it.
Th' obedient orb that it should never err. The smallest act of charity shall stand us in
Blackmore. great stead,
Aiterbury. STEADINESS. n. s. [from steady.] 4. The frame of a bed. The genial bed,
1. State of being not tottering nor easily Sallow the feet, the borders, and the sted. Dryd.
2. Firmness ; constancy. STEAD, Sted, being in the name of a place John got the better of his cholerick temper,
that is distant from any river, comes and wrought himself up to a great steadiness of from the Saxon reed, rzyo, a place ; mind, to pursue his interest through all impedibut if it be upon a river or harbour, it ments.
Arbuibre. is to be derived from stade, a shore or
3. Consistent unvaried conduct. station for ships. Gibson's Camden.
Steadiness is a point of prudence as well as of courage.
L'Estrange. TO STEAD. v. a. (from the noun.]
A friend is useful to form an undertaking, and 1. To help; to advantage; to support ; . secure steadiness of conduct.
Collier. to assist. A word somewhat obsolete. We are neither in skill nor ability of power
STEA'DY. adj. [rtedig, Sax.]
Sidney. greatly to stead you.
1. Firm ; fixed; not tottering. It nothing steads us
Their feet steady, their hands diligent, their To chide him from our eyes.
eyes watchful, and their hearts resolute. Rich garm •nits, linens, stuffs, and necessaries, 2. Regular; constant; undeviating ; un. Which since have stealed much. Sbakspear. remitted. Can you so stead me
He sails 'tween worlds and worlds with steading As bring me to the sight of Isabella? Sbaksp.
Steer the bounding bark with steady toil,
In my conduct shall your ladies come, When the storm chickens and the billow's boil. From whom you now must steal and take no
Sbakspeare. 3. Not wavering ; not fickle ; not change
Others, weary of the long journey, lingering able with regard to resolution or atten.
behind, were stolen away; and they which were tion.
left, moiled with dirt and mire. Knoller,
Should vanish from her clothes into her bed, What oft my steadiest thoughts have search'd in vain.
As souls from bodies steal, and are not spyd. Milton.
Dons:. Steady to my principles, and not dispirited with my afflictions, I have, by the blessing of
The vapour of charcoal hath killed many; and God, overcome all difficulties.
it is the more dangerous, because it cometh
Dryden. A clear sight keeps the understanding steady.
without any ill smell, and stealetb on by little and little.
A soft and solemn breathing sound STEAK. n. s. (styck, Islandick and Erse, a Rose like a steam of rich distill'd perfumes,
piece; steka, Swedish, to boil.] A slice And stole upon the air, that even silence of flesh broiled or fried; a collop.
Was took ere she was ware.
Milton. The surgeon protested he had cured him very
As wise artists mix their colours so, well, and offered to eat the first stake of him. That by degrees they from each other go;
Tatler. Black steals unheeded from the neighb'ring white, Fair ladies who contrive
So on us stole our blessed change. Pryden. To feast on ale and steaks.
Stift. At a time when he had no steward, he stole T. STEAL. v. a. preterit stole, participle
Swift. pass. stolen. [reelan, Sax. stelen, Dut.]
Now his fierce eyes with sparkling fury glow;
Now sighs steal out, and tears begin to flow. 1. To take by theft; to take clandestine.
Pope. ly; to take without right. To steal, ge 2. To practise theft ; to play the thief; to nerally implies secrecy ; to rob, either
take any thing thievishly ; to have the secrecy or violence.
habit of thieving: Thou ran'st a tilt in honour of my love,
Stealing is the taking from another what is And stol'st away the ladies hearts of France.
his, without his knowledge or allowance. Locke.
Shakspeare. There are some shrewd contents in yon same
The good humour is to steal at a minute's
rest.-Convey, the wise it call; steal! a fico for paper,
Sbakspeare. That steal the colour from Bassanio's cheek; Some dear friend dead.
Sbakspeare. STEA'LER. n. s. [from steal.] One who How should we steal silver or gold? Genesis. steals ; a thief. A schoolboy finding a bird's nest, shews it his
The transgression is in the stealer. Sbaksp. companion, and he steals it. Sbakspeare. 2. To withdraw or convey without notice. Sre A'LINGLY. adv. [from stealing.) The law of England never was properly ap
Slily; by invisible motion; by secret plied to the Irish, by a purposed plot of govern practice. ment, but as they could insinuate and steal them They were diverse motions, they did so stealselves under the saine by their huinble carriage ingly slip one into another, as the latter part was and submission.
Spenser. ever in hand before the eye could discern the Let's shift away; there's warrant in that former was ended.
Sidney. theft Which steals itself when there's no mercy left. STEALTH. n. s. [from steal.]
1. The act of stealing ; theft. 3. To gain or effect by private and gra.
The owner proveth the stealth to have been dual means.
committed upon hi'n by such an outlaw, and to
have been found in the possession of the priYoung Lorenzo Stole her soul with many vows of faith,
The stealth of mutual entertainment And ne'er a true one.
Sbakspeare. With character too gross is written on Juliet. Were it not that my fellow-schoolmaster
Sbakspeare. Doth watch Bianca's steps so narrowly,
In the secret dark that none reproves, 'I were good to steal our marriage. Sbakspeare. Their pretty stealths shall work, and snares shall They lite being alone, for fear some aftright
Spenser. ing apprehensions should steai or force their ivay
The gods persuaded Mercury,
Their good observer, to this stealtb.
Chapman away the mind from its steady pursuit of any
2. The thing stolen. subject.
On his back a heavy load he bare TO STEAL. V. 1.
Of nightly stealths, and pillage several.
Fairy Queen. 1. To withdraw privily; to pass silently: Store of cabbins are but sluttish dens, that breed Fixt of mind to avoid further entreaty,
sickness in peace, serving to cover stealths, and Ay all company, one night she stole away. Sidney. in fight are dangerous to tear men with splinters. My lord of Amiens and myself
Raleigh, Did steal behind him as he lay along
3. Secret act; clandestine practice. By Under an oak.
stealth, means secretly; clandestinely ; That he would steal away so guilty like,
with desire of concealment: but, like Seeing you coming.
Sbakspeare. stenl, is often used in a good sense. The most peaceable way, if you take a thief, The wisdom of the same spirit borrowed frora is to let him shew what he is, and steal out of melody that pleasure, which, mingled with hea. your company.
Sbakspeare. veny mysteries, causeth the smoothness and At time that lovers flights doth still conceal, softness of that, which toucheth the ear, to conThrough Athens' gate have we devis'd to steal. vey, as it were by stealth, the treasure of good
I feel this youth's perfections,
Who like our active African instructs
The fiery steed, and trains him to his hand ?
Addison. The monarch, blinded with desire of wealth, See! the bold youth strain up the threat'ning With steel invades his brother's life by stealth
steep; Before the sacred altar.
Dryden. Hang o'er their coursers heads with eager speed, Ler bumbie Allen, with an aukward shame, And earth rolls back beneath the flying steed. Do good by stealth, and blush to find it fame.
Pope. Pope. Some nymphs affect a more heroic breed, STEA'LTHY. adj. [from stealth.] Done
And vault from hunters to the manag'd steed.
l'ouag. clandestinely; performed by stealth.
Now wither'd murder, with his stealtby pace, STEEL. n. s. (rral, Sax. stael, Dutch.) Moves like a ghost.
Shakspeare. 1. A kind of iron, refined and purified by STEAM. n. s. (rreme, Sax.] The smoke the fire with other ingredients, which or vapour of any thing moist and hot.
renders it white, and its grain closer ard Sweet odours are, in such a company as there
finer than cominon iron. Steel, of all is steam and heat, things of great refreshment.
other metals, is that susceptible of the His offering soon propitious fire from heaven greatest degree of hardness, when well Consum’d, with nimble glance and grateful tempered ; whence its great use in the
making of tools and instruments of all While the temple smoak’d with hallow'd steam,
Chambers: They wash the virgin.
Steel is made from the purest and softest iron, Such the figure of a feast,
by keeping it red hot, stratified with coal-dust Which, were it not for plenty and for steam,
and wood-ashes, or other substances that abound Might be resembled to a sick man's dream.
in the phlogiston, for several hours in a close furnace.
Hill. Somc it bears in steams up into the air, in such
At her back a bow and quiver gay, a quantity as to be manifest to the smell, espe
Stuff'd with steel-headed darts, wherewith she cially the sulphur.
quell'd TO STEAM. v. n. [rreman, Sax.]
The savage beasts in her victorious play. Spens. 1. To smoke or vapour' with moist heat. With mighty bars of long-enduring brass
The steel-bound doors and iron gates he ties. Let the crude humours dance In heated brass, steaming with fire intense.
They are not charm'd against your points of steel nor iron fram'd.
Cbapoca. 2. To send up vapours. Ye mists that rise from steaming lake. Milt.
A looking-glass, with the steel behind, lookech whiter than glass simple.
Bacon, See! see! my brother's ghost hangs hovering there
Diamonds, though hard bodies, will not readily
strike fire with stech, much less with one another; O'er his warm blood, that stcams into the air.
nor a flint easily with a steel, if they both be wet; Dryden.
the sparks being then quenched in their erupO wretched we! Why were we hurried down
Broen. This lubrick and adulrrate age;
Both were of shining stail, and wrought so pure, Nay, added fat pollutions of our own,
As might the strokes of two such arms endure. T'increase the steaming ordures of the stage?
2. It is often used metonymically for wea3. To pass in vapours. Scarcely had Phoebus in the gloomy east
pons or armour. Got harnessed his fiery-footed team,
Brave Macbeth with his brandish'd steel, Ne rear'd above the earth his faming crest,
Which smok'd with bloody execution, When the last deadly smoke aloft did sicam.
Carv'd out his passage till he had fac'd the slave. Spersey.
Sbakspeare. The dissolved amber plainly swam like a thin
Polish'd steel from far severely shines. 'Drit.
He, sudden as the word, film upon the liquor, whence it steamed away into the air.
In proud Plexippus' bosom plung'd the sword:
Toxeus amaz'd, and with amazement slow, These minerals not only issue out at these larger exits, but steam forth through the pores of
Stood doubling; and, while doubting thus he
Drydes. STEAN for stone.
Speriser. 3. Chalyberte medicines. STEATO'MA. 11. s. [suetucio] A species After relaxing, steel strengthens the solids, and of wen.
is likewise an antiacid.
Arbutbrot. If the matter in a wen resembles milk.curds, 4. It is used proverbially for hardness: the tumour is called atheroma; if like honey,
as, heads of steel. meliceris; and if composed of fat, steatoma.
Sharp. STEEL. adj. Made of steel.
A lance then took he, with a keene steele head, STEED. n. so [rreda, Sax.] A horse for
To be his keepe of both 'gainst men and dogges. state or war.
Chapman. My noble stecd' I give him,
TO STEEL. v. a. (from the noun.] With all his trim belonging. Sbakspeare.
1. To point or edge with steel. Impresses quaint, caparisons and sterds. Milt.
Add proof unto mine arınour with thy prayers, Stout are our men, and warlike are our steeds.
And with thy blessings steel my lance's point, Waller.
Sluéspeare, She thought herself the trembling dame who
2. To make hard or firm. It is used, if it Aed, And him the grisly ghost that spurr'd th' infer
be applied to thç mind, very often in a nal stcode