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ACTS in relation to the Revised Statutes, and the publication thereof, and the repeal of former acts,....



... 1110

In relation to the boundaries of certain wards of the city of Buffalo,
In relation to the appointment of commissioners to prepare a civil code,... 1110
Division of the county of Wyoming into two school commissioner districts,.. 1111



Articles of

We, the undersigned, delegates of the states affixed to our names, send greeting:
WHEREAS, the delegates of the United States of America in
congress confedera-
assembled, did, on the fifteenth day of November, in the year of our Lord tion.
one thousand seven hundred and seventy-seven, and in the second year
of the independence of America, agree to certain articles of confederation
and perpetual union between the States of New Hampshire, Massachusetts
Bay, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York,
New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina,
South Carolina, and Georgia, in the words following, viz:

Articles of confederation and perpetual union between the States of New Hampshire, Massachu
setts Bay, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey,
Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia
ARTICLE 1. The style of this confederacy shall be: "The United Style of the
States of America."



ART. 2. Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom and inde-Rights rependence, and every power, jurisdiction and right, which is not the states. by this confederation expressly delegated to the United States in congress assembled.


ART. 3. The said states hereby severally enter into a firm league Objects of of friendship with each other for their common defense, the security federacy. of their liberties, and their mutual and general welfare; binding themselves to assist each other against all force offered to, or attacks made upon them, or any of them, on account of religion, sovereignty, trade, or any other pretense whatever.

vileges of

habitants of

ART. 4. The better to secure and perpetuate mutual friendship Mutual pri and intercourse among the people of the different states in this the free inunion, the free inhabitants of each of these states, paupers, vaga- the several bonds and fugitives from justice excepted, shall be entitled to all states. privileges and immunities of free citizens in the several states; and the people of each state shall have free ingress and regress to and from any other state, and shall enjoy therein all the privileges of trade and commerce, subject to the same duties, impositions and restrictions, as the inhabitants thereof respectively; Provided, that such restrictions shall not extend so far as to prevent the removal of property imported into any state to any other state, of which the owner is an inhabitant; Provided, also, that no imposition, duties or restriction, shall be laid by any state on the property of the United States or either of them.

guilty of given up.

If any person guilty of or charged with treason, felony or other Persons. high misdemeanor, in any state, shall flee from justice, and be found crimes to be in any of the United States, he shall, upon demand of the governor or executive power of the state from which he fled, be delivered up, and removed to the state having jurisdiction of his offense.

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Faith to be

given to the

Full faith and credit shall be given in each of these states to the acts of each records, acts and judicial proceedings of the courts and magistrates of every other state.


Delegates to be annually

ART. 5. For the more convenient management of the general appointed, interests of the United States, delegates shall be annually appointed &c. in such manner as the legislature of each state shall direct, to meet in congress on the first Monday in November, in every year, with a Each state power reserved to each state to recall its delegates, or any of them, its delegates at any time within the year, and to send others in their stead for the remainder of the year.

may recall


Number and qualifications of delegates.


how maintained.

Each state

to have one vote.


No state shall be represented in congress by less than two nor by more than seven members; and no person shall be capable of being a delegate for more than three years in any term of six years: nor shall any person, being a delegate, be capable of holding any office under the United States, for which he, or another for his benefit, receives any salary, fees or emoluments of any kind.

Each state shall maintain its own delegates in a meeting of the states, and while they act as members of the committee of the states. In determining questions in the United States in congress assembled, each state shall have one vote.

Freedom of speech and debate in congress shall not be impeached of congress, or questioned in any court or place out of congress; and the mem

of members

No state to negotiate


Persons holding offi

bers of congress shall be protected in their persons from arrests and imprisonments, during the time of their going to and from and attendance on congress, except for treason, felony or breach of the peace.

ART. 6. No state, without the consent of the United States in with foreign congress assembled, shall send any embassy to, or receive any embassy from, or enter into any conference, agreement, alliance or treaty, with any king, prince or state; nor shall any person holding ces not to any office of profit or trust under the United States, or any of them, accept pre- accept of any present, emolument, office or title of any kind whatever, from any king, prince or foreign state; nor shall the United not to grant States in congress assembled, or any of them, grant any title of bility. nobility.



titles of no

Treaties be

or more

No two or more states shall enter into any treaty, confederation tween two or alliance whatever between them, without the consent of the states pro- United States in congress assembled, specifying accurately the purposes for which the same is to be entered into, and how long it shall continue.


No state to

lay interfer

or duties.

No state shall lay any imports or duties, which may interfere with ing imposts any stipulations in treaties entered into by the United States in congress assembled, with any king, prince or state, in pursuance of any treaties already proposed by congress to the courts of France and Spain.

Regulations respecting

naval and

military establish

ments, the

militia, &c.

No vessel of war shall be kept up in time of peace by any state, except such number only as shall be deemed necessary by the United States in congress assembled, for the defense of such state or its trade; nor shall any body of forces be kept up by any state in time of peace, except such number only as, in the judgment of the United States in congress assembled, shall be deemed requisite to garrison the forts necessary for the defense of such state; but every state shall always keep up a well regulated and disciplined militia,

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