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Sec. 2.-Each of the boroughs, enumerated in schedule (B), shall return one member only.
Schedule (B). Petersfield, Hampshire; Ashburton, Devonshire ; Eye, Suffolk ; Westbury, Wiltshire ; Wareham, Dorsetshire; Midhurst, Sussex ; Woodstock, Oxfordshire ; Wilton, Wiltshire; Malmesbury, Wiltshire; Liskcard, Cornwall; Rei. gate, Surrey ; Hythe, Kent; Droitwich, Worcestershire ; Lyme Regis, Dorsetshire ; Launceston, Cornwall; Shaftesbury, Dorsetshire ; Thirsk, Yorkshire ; Christchurch, Hampshire ; Horsham, Sussex ; Great Grimsby, Lincolnshire; Calne, Wiltshire; Arundel, Sussex; St. Ives, Cornwall ; Rye, Sussex; Clitheroe, Lancashire; Morpeth, Northumberland; Helston, Cornwall; North Allerton, Yorkshire; Wallingford, Berkshire; Dartmouth, Devonshire.
Sec. 3.—Each of the places named in schedule (C), shall be a borough and shall return two members.
Schedule (C). Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, Greenwich, Sheffield, Sunderland, Devenport, Wolverhampton, Tower Hamlets, Finsbury, Mary-le-bone, Lambeth, Bolton, Bradford, Blackburn, Brighton, Halifax, Macclesfield, Oldham, Stockport, Stoke upon Trent, Stroud.
Sec. 4.—Each of the places in schedule (D) shall be a borough and return one member.
Schedule (D). Ashton-under-Lyne, Bury, Rochdale, Salford and Warrington in Lancashire; Chatham in Kent; Cheltenham, Gloucestershire; Dudley and Kidderminster, Worcestershire ; Frome, Somersetshire; Gateshead and South Shields, Durham ; Huddersfield, Whitby and Wakefield, Yorkshire; Kendal, Westmoreland; Tynemouth, Northumberland; Walsall, Staffordshire ; Whitehaven, Cumberland; Merthyr Tydoil, Glamorganshire.
Sec. 6.—The borough of Weymouth and Malcombe Regis shall return two members only.
Sec. 10.—The towns of Swansea, Loughor, Neath, Abernoon and Ken-fig are collectively to return one member.
Secs. 12 and 13.—In all future parliaments, there shall be six knights of the shire for Yorkshire, and four knights for the county of Lincoln.
Sec. 14.—Each of the counties enumerated in schedule (F), shall be divided into two divisions, and there shall be four knights for each of the said counties, two for each division.
Schedule (F). Cheshire, Cornwall, Cumberland, Derbyshire, Devonshire, Durham, Essex, Gloucestershire, Kent, Hampshire, Lancashire, Leicestershire, Norfolk, Northumberland, Northamp
tonshire, Nottinghamshire, Shropshire, Somersetshire, Staffordshire, Suffolk, Surrey, Sussex, Warwickshire, Wiltshire, Worcestershire.
Sec. 15.—There shall be three knights for each of the counties enumerated in schedule (F2), and two for each of the counties of Carmarthen, Denbigh and Glamorgan.
Schedule (F2). Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Dorsetshire, Herefordshire, Hertfordshire, Oxfordshire.
Sec. 16.-The Isle of Wight shall, for the purposes of this act, be a county and return one knight.
Sec. 18.—No person shall be entitled to vote for the election of knights of the shire or for members for any city or town, being a county of itself, in respect of any freehold tenement for life, unless he shall be the bona fide occupier thereof, or unless the same shall have come to him by marriage, marriage settlement, devise, or promotion to any benefice or office, or unless the same shall be of the clear yearly value of 101. above all rents and charges; but this act shall not prevent freeholders now seized for life from retaining or acquiring such right of voting, if such right be duly registered.
Sec. 19.--Copyholders for life, or for any larger estate, of the clear yearly value of 101. shall be entitled to vote in the election of knights of the shire.
Sec. 20.—Lessees or assignees of tenements of whatever tenure, for the unexpired residue of any term originally created for not less than sixty years (whether determinable on a life or lives, or not) of the clear yearly value of 101. above all rents and charges, or for the unexpired residue of any term originally created for not less than twenty years, of the clear yearly value of not less than 501., or persons who shall occupy as tenants, any lands or tenements, for which they shall be liable to a yearly rent of not less than 501. shall be entitled to vote, in the election of knights of the shire; but no sub-lessee, or assignee of any underlease, shall have a right to vote, in respect of any such term of sixty or twenty years, unless he is in the actual occupation of the premises.
Sec. 21.-No public tax, nor church, county or parochial rate shall be deemed a charge payable out of lands, within the meaning of this act.
Sec. 23.—Trustees and mortgagees not in actual possession or receipt of the rents and profits, shall not be entitled to vote, but the mortgagor or cestui que trust.
Secs. 24 & 25.—No person shall be entitled vote for a knight of the shire in respect of any freehold house, &c. accupied by VOL. IX.-NO. XVII.
himself, or any copy-hold or lease-hold house, &c., which would confer a vote for any city or borough.
Sec. 26.—No person shall be entitled to vote for a knight of the shire unless duly registered; and in order to be registered, the freeholder or copyholder, &c. must have been in the actual possession of the land or in the receipt of the rents and profits for six months previous to the last day of July in the year in which they are registered; and lessees, assignees, &c. must have been in actual possession, or in receipt of rents and profits for twelve months previous to that day; but these provisions are not to apply to persons obtaining property by descent, marriage, marriage settlement, devise, or promotion to any benefice in a church or to any
office. Sec. 27.-In cities and boroughs returning members; every person, who shall occupy, as owner or tenant, any house, warehouse, &c. within any such city, borough or place sharing in the election, of the clear yearly value of 101. shall be entitled to vote; provided, that no such person shall be registered, unless he shall have occupied the premises a year next previous to the last day of July, or unless he shall have paid the poor rates, assessed taxes, &c. and have resided for six months previous to that day, within the city, borough, or place sharing in the election, or within seven miles thereof.
Sec. 29.-In case of the occupation of the premises by more persons than one, in any city or borough, each occupier shall be entitled to vote, if the clear yearly value, when divided, shall give a sum of not less than 101. for each occupier.
Sec. 31.—In every city or town, being a county by itself, in which freeholders or burgage tenants now have a right to vote, such persons shall be entitled to vote, if duly registered; with conditions, that they shall not be registered unless they comply as to occupation of the premises and residence, similar to those prescribed by section 27.
Sec. 32.—Every person formerly entitled to vote as a burgess or freeman of a city or borough, shall still be entitled to vote if duly registered, upon complying with certain conditions as to residence, &c.
Sec. 33.—No person shall vote for any city or borough, except in respect to some right, conferred by this act, or as a burgess or freeman, or freeholder or burgage tenant; but every person now having a right to vote in virtue of any other qualification, than as a burgess, &c. shall retain such right, so long as he shall be qualified according to the usages of such city or borough, if duly registered; six months residence within seven miles thereof is also required; but such right of voting is to cease if omitted from the register for two successive years.
Sec. 36.—Persons receiving parochial relief within twelve months are not to be registered. The act proceeds to prescribe the mode of preparing and revising lists of voters, of conducting elections, &c.; the polls at county elections are to be open two days; candidates or persons proposing a candidate without his consent, are to be at the expense of booths and poll clerks. It is also provided, that the act shall not extend to the universities of Oxford and Cambridge.
Ch. 50.—Militia. This act suspends, until the end of the next session of parliament, the making of lists and the ballots and enrolments for the militia of the United Kingdom.
Ch. 57.-Charities. This is an act to continue and extend the provisions of the act of 59th Geo. 3, for giving additional facilities in applications to courts of equity, regarding the management of estates or funds belonging to charities; it regulates the appointment of new trustees where the former trustees are dead, &c.
Ch. 58.–Contempts. In all cases of contempt other than those provided for by the 7th Geo. 4. c. 57, where any person shall be in prison under any commitment or attachment, issued out of the courts of chancery or exchequer, the court, on application of the person committed, may discharge the contempt except as to costs, for which he shall still remain in custody, provided that this act shall not weaken any of the powers given by the 1st Wm. 4, c. 36, or by the 716 Geo. 4, c. 57.
SHORT REVIEWS AND NOTICES.
Judge Thacher's Charge. At the December session of the Boston Municipal Court, a tribunal that has jurisdiction of crimes less than capital, Judge Thacher gave a charge to the Grand Jury which, at their request, has been since published. The topics of the charge are, 1. The removal of the court to a more convenient court room; 2. Some notice of the reasons that led to the establishment of this court, and its place and influence as a branch of the juridical system of the State; 3. The offence of conspiracy; 4. Libel and incendiary publications, and liberty of the press. These last topics were introduced in pursuance of the views expressed on the subject of incendiary publications by the same magistrate, in his address to the grand jury in March last, and published and noticed in the Jurist for April last; and in the present charge the judge notices some exceptions that have been taken, in some publications, to the doctrines laid down by him. We copy the part of the charge relating to conspiracies, as it is applicable to transactions that have occurred in different parts of the United States during the past year.
. There is an offence known to our law, which comes under the legal denomination of Conspiracy, the criminality of which consists in the agreement of several persons to do an act, which, if not unlawful in itself, becomes so by the combination. When two or more conspire to harass any person by a false and malicious suit, it is a crime punishable by indictment, or the parties injured may sue for damages, by writ of conspiracy; and both these remedies lie at common law. But in many cases, the
agreement to do a certain thing is considered as the subject of an indictment for a conspiracy, though the same act, if done separately by each individual, without concert with others, would be innocent. This
i Co. Lit. 161, a. n. 13. Harg. 9 Co. 55. The Poulterers' Case. : 6 T. R. 619. The King v. Sir Thomas Mawbey and others.