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increase of the topographical works of the United States, the establishment of a national foundry for the fabrication of cannon,' &c. and an efficient organization of the ordnance department, are recommended; it is also resolved that the establishment of fortifications throughout our borders, should be persevered in, as essential to the security of the important outlets of our commerce, and at the same time, to give additional maritime strength to the Atlantic States.'
Baltimore City and County. Twenty-six acts relate to the city of Baltimore ; authorizing the opening, shutting up, and widening streets, the making railways in the streets, &c. By one act, the mayor and city council are empowered to borrow a sum of money, not exceeding $1,000,000, for the purpose of improving the city and constructing useful public works. Twenty-nine other acts were passed relating to Baltimore county.
Banks and Banking. Two banking companies were incorporated.
Ch. 317.—Banks and bankers are prohibited from circulating 'any bill, promissory note, payable to bearer or payable to order, check, draft, or other evidence of debt, which shall purport to be for the payment of a less sum of money than $5;' nor shall it be lawful for any person to receive in payment or exchange any such bill, &c.; if any person offend against this act,' he shall forfeit the sum of $50 for every such bill, &c. so received or circulated, one half for the use of the informer, and the other half for the use of the State ; and the bills, &c. so received or circulated, contrary to the provisions of this act, are to be void.
No. 128.—By this resolution, the senators and representatives of the State in Congress were respectively instructed and requested to endeavor to obtain, during the last session of Congress, a renewal of the charter of the United States Bank.
Bridges.—Twenty-four acts were passed, providing for the erection or repair of bridges, &c.
Nos. 126, 128.—Boundary Line of the State. These resolutions relate to the western and southern boundaries of the State; by the first, a committee is appointed to investigate the subject; the second contains the report of that committee, and provides for the appointment of commissioners to meet such commissioners as may be appointed by Virginia, 'to settle and adjust, by mutual compact,' the dividing and boundary lines between the two States; in case of the disagreement of the commissioners, the governors of the two States are to request the governor of Delaware to appoint an umpire who is to be vested with power to settle the sevVOL. IX.NO. XVII.
eral matters in controversy confided to the commissioners; the resolution is not to have any effect unless ratified by Virginia.
Ch. 218.— Canal. If any master, &c. of any vessel or boat attempt to defraud the Delaware and Chesapeake Canal Company by a false manifest of the cargo or statement of the toll thereon, &c. he shall be liable to a fine of $20; and if any vessel or boat is improperly detained, under the provisions of this act, the master, &c. may recover of the collector or other agent of the company, $5 per day, for every day that he is so detained.
An act was also passed to amend the act incorporating the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company.
Ch. 28.-Carmelite Sisters. The “Carmelite Sisters of Baltimore' were incorporated, and authorized to hold real and personal estate, not exceeding, in value, $100,000. This association is composed of unmarried women above the age of twenty-one years, who have formed themselves into a society for works of piety, charity, and usefulness, and for the education of young females; which association, from its nature and objects, as well as its positive regulations, must always be composed of unmarried women.'
Ch. 110.-Chemical Works. A company was incorporated, under the name of Baer's Chemical Works of Baltimore;' the capital stock is not to exceed $300,000.
Oh. 205.—Conveyances. An additional supplement to the act for quieting possessions, and enrolling conveyances, was passed.
Ch. 304.—This act relates to the same subject.
Ch. 250.—Coroners. Coroners are forbidden to hold juries of inquest, unless there is reasonable ground to suppose that the deceased came to his death by felony, or unless he died in jail.
Courts. Several acts were passed relative to different courts; among others, we notice an act to define and enlarge the powers of courts of equity.'
Ch. 208.-Crimes and Punishments. This act provides for the punishment of counterfeiters, incendiaries, &c. When any person under the age of fifteen years, shall be convicted of any indictable offence, other than some malicious felony,' the court are authorized 'to suspend sentence upon such convicted party, and bind the same to a master or mistress, whether resident within or without this State, or to procure other employment for the same, in or out of the State, and to compel such infant to comply with the terms of their judgment in the premises ;' but no binding, as aforesaid, shall be for a term extending beyond the age of sixteen years in females, and twenty-one years in males;' nor shall the infant be' bound to any service in the county within which he or she shall have been convicted.'
Divorces. Fourteen acts of divorce were passed.
No. 75.-Delaware and Chesapeake Bays. A resolution was passed relative to the opening a safe and direct navigation through the sounds which run parallel to the sea-coast,' between these two bays.
Ch. 305.-Erecutors, heirs, guardians, fc. This is an act for the purpose of amending and reducing into a system the laws concerning powers of attorney from heirs and legatees, and releases and final discharges to executors, administrators, and guardians.
Chs. 90, 209.-Flour, inspection of. These acts are supple. mentary to the act of 1825, c. 174, which authorizes the appointment of inspectors of flour for this State.
Ch. 245.-Hides and Skins. An act was passed regulating the inspection of green hides and skins in Baltimore.
Ch. 45.—Hose Company. By this act the Washington Hose Company of Baltimore was incorporated.
Insurance Companies. Two insurance companies were incorporated. The act incorporating the Baltimore Life Insurance Company is made perpetual; but the legislature reserves the power of altering, or repealing any of the provisions thereof, at any time after the expiration of the limitation of the charter of said company,' as previously incorporated.
Ch. 171.-Landlord and Tenant. This act regulates the mode of distraining by a landlord, where the rent is payable in grain or other produce, &c.
Ch. 103.—Leather, fc. This act provides for the inspection of sole leather, rough harness and rough skirting leather, in Baltimore.
Library Societies. Two library societies were incorporated.
Licenses. Several acts were passed regulating the issuing of licenses to traders, keepers of ordinaries, milliners, sellers of lottery tickets, &c.
Ch. 79.-Lottery System. An additional supplement to an act to amend the lottery system,' was passed.
No. 29.-Laws and Reports. By this resolution the governor and council are authorized to forward annually to the executive of each State and territory in the Union, 'three copies of the laws annually passed by the General Assembly of this State, and also to forward such of the compilations or editions and annual session laws of this State, as have been or may hereafter be requested by the executive of any of the said States or territories, and also to forward to each of the executives one set of the reports of decisions in the court of appeals of this State, now published, and
which hereafter shall be published, and request of the said executives such of their laws and reports as may not be in the State library.'
No. 52.—The governor is requested to forward the above resotion to the executives of the several States and territories.
Ch. 207.-Lyceum. The Mechanics’ Institute and Frederick Lyceum was incorporated.
Ch. 189.—Missionary Society. An act was passed, incorporating seven gentlemen and their successors, under the name of the “Female Domestic Missionary and Education Society of Hagerstown.'
Ch. 148.--Navigation Company. The People's Steam Navigation Company was incorporated, for the purpose of establishing lines of steamboats, stages, &c. for the conveyance of passengers and the transportation of merchandise, between Philadelphia and Baltimore.
Ch. 314.-Negroes. The Maryland State Colonization Society was incorporated; the object of this corporation is the colonization, with their own consent, in Africa, of the free people of color of Maryland, and such slaves as may be manumitted for the purpose.'
Ch. 281.—The governor and council are required to appoint a board of managers, consisting of three persons; the duty of this board is, '10 remove from the State of Maryland, the people of color now free, and such as shall hereafter become so, to the colony of Liberia, in Africa, or such other place or places, out of the limits of this State, as they may approve of, and the persons so to be removed shall consent to go to, and to provide for their establishment and support as far as necessary;' a sum not exceeding $20,000 is to be applied during the year 1832, to the payment of the expenses of removing such persons of color; the board are from time to time to provide for the reception of persons so removed, and for their support, until they are able to support themselves; to obtain and lay before the people of color of Maryland, full and correct information of the condition of the colony of Liberia, or such other place, to which they may recommend their removal; and to make a report of their proceedings to the next General Assembly. The act then provides for the removal of such slaves as may be manumitted ; if any slave so manumitted shall refuse to emigrate from the State, the sheriff of the county is required to arrest and transport him beyond the limits of the State; but if any slave manumitted for the purpose of removal, 'cannot be removed without separating families, and may be unwilling, on that account, to be removed, he may renounce, in open court, the benefit of the deed or will' manumitting him, and continue a slave.' The board of managers, in all cases where the removal of any slaves so manumitted, may devolve on them, are authorized, when it shall be necessary and can be done with advantage, to hire out such slaves, until their wages shall produce a sufficient sum to defray the expenses of their removal and necessary support at the place to which they may be removed. The treasurer of the western shore is required, for the purpose of paying the expenses of the transportation of the colored population of the State, to borrow $20,000, redeemable at the expiration of fifteen years, and also such further sum, as may be required for this purpose, payable after the lapse of fifteen years from the date of the loan; but the amount of loans made is not to exceed $200,000. The sheriffs of the several counties are required to cause to be made lists of the names of the free people of color in their respective counties, specifying their sex and age, copies of which lists are to be transmitted to the board of managers; the sheriffs are also from time to time to report to the board the names, ages, circumstances, &c. of such free people of color as may be willing to remove, and the board are to take such measures as they may think necessary for their removal as soon as practicable; nothing in this act is to be construed to extend to any slave entitled to his or her freedom by virtue of any deed of manumission recorded, or will admitted to probate, before the passage of this act, unless he or she shall consent thereto.
No. 124.-By this resolution the senators and representatives of Maryland in Congress are instructed and requested respectively to use their exertions to obtain aid from the national treasury, to facilitate the removal of free persons of color from Maryland and the United States; but if such aid should be withheld, under a belief that the power to legislate on the subject is not granted to Congress by the constitution, they are requested to propose such amendment to the constitution as will enable Congress to make such appropriation.
Ch. 323.—This act provides that no free negro or mulatto belonging to any other State shall come into this State, and remain therein for ten successive days, 'under the penalty of $50 for each and every week such person coming into, shall thereafter remain in this State ;' if such person neglect to pay such fine, he shall be sold by the sheriff at public sale, for such time as may be necessary to cover the aforesaid penalty.' The act also prohibits