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adhered; and that was always to yield to the decision of the majority. This he invariably did with good grace. He never attempted to form a party in the church, or to make others uncomfortable by constant irritation. I have seen him laugh heartily at being conquered in a fair debate. He could not be driven from his principles, but he would cease to drive them, when he found that the case was fairly decided against him. Hence he made no difficulty in the church. In the present Tabernacle Church, he had no occasion to contend for the right of speech, and he respected the rights of others. In debate he was always calm and cheerful. The perfect self-control which enabled him when assaulted in the Exchange to refrain from blows or anger, and when spit upon by an excited politician, on board a steamboat, calmly to wipe his face with his handkerchief, remarking only that it was “a dirty trick,"—that complete self-possession to which he had attained, made him at once a formidable and an agreeable opponent in an argument. He would not betray anger in debate even under strong provocation, but would endeavor to allay excitement in others; and even when he found that his own views were likely to prevail, if the minority was large, and the proposed measure likely to produce ill feeling, he would not press it to a decision, but would ask a postponement for the sake of friendly conference, or would endeavor to harmonize the parties on some common basis. His influence on the church in this respect was eminently happy."-pp. 122, 123, 124.
A very pleasing view is given in this memoir of Mr. Hale in his domestic relations, as a Christian father, son and husband. We will give a single illustration. In 1846, he received a severe blow by the death of a daughter, Mrs. Lydia Devan, whom he tenderly loved, and whom two years before he had given up, with a joyful resignation, and a grateful sense of the honor thus conferred by Christ upon him, to the missionary work in China. The intelligence of this event reached New York on the day of the weekly prayer-meeting of the Tabernacle Church. At that meeting, Mr. Hale was in his place, the object of regard and sympathy to all present. His bereavement, though not formally mentioned, affected the selection of the hymn, and gave direction to the remarks of the pastor.
the justice and courage to take the same ground! We can quote only the introductory and closing paragraphs.
“ Thomas Jefferson has been ranked by the more religious part of the community as an infidel. Yet some of his sayings are worthy of the highest place in the esteem of all good men. He could not have been the worst of infidels who said in reference to the slavery which then pervaded almost all the States,
I tremble for my country when I remember that God is just;' and in reference to government, that which is morally wrong can not be politically right? This last declaration stands in high condemnation of that disregard of moral obligation which proclaims, · All is fair in politics;— Our country right or wrong. According to Mr. Jefferson's maxim, governments and political par. ties are bound by the same moral principles which bind individuals. This is the doctrine of the Bible, and must be the doctrine of all intelligent Christians and philanthropists. The opinion has been industriously inculcated, that a state of war puts an end to the common liberty of free discussion, suspends the law of morality, for the time, and binds every good citizen to unite with all his powers in support of the government of his country, whatever his private opinions may be of the rectitude or wisdom of its measures. But the opposite of this must be true, upon the rule of Mr. Jefferson. War is so terrible a calamity that governments ought not to find it a protection against public scrutiny ; on the contrary, governments ought to be restrained by the consciousness that if they allow themselves to be involved in war, they will be called upon to give ample reasons for so great an evil, and during the progress of the war, will be held to a rigorous scrutiny, lest under the influence of its great temptations, they adopt measures which are immoral. That in these days a nation is at war, seems almost of necessity to imply a want of wisdom or sound morality. There was force in that declaration of a Senator who exclaimed, “Of what value is your diplomacy, if it can not save us from war.' pp. 478, 479.
* In the midst of all the dangers that surround us, there is but one clear way of either sound morality or sound policy. It is to come out of the difficulty by the same path through which we entered it. In short, to abandon the war ; to call home our young men, and leave Mexico whole and entire to her own management, and ourselves to the full
enjoyment of the boundless prosperity which Providence bestows upon us. The cry, No more appropriations for the war, must go up from all parts of the nation. It is the only cry that can place us in safety. To express opposition to the war, without declaring that the war is to be abandoned ; to oppose it, and still vote supplies for it, is only to support the administration in carrying it on. No man in the nation would be more relieved than the President by seeing an end of the war. If I understand his feelings, he would have been happy if Congress had refused appropriations at their last session. But no one dares to take the responsibility of recommending an abandonment of the war. What a disgrace it implies upon the Christianity of our country! The President recommended the war, and Congress, afraid of the people, voted it. He points out the means of carrying it on, and they vote the men and money through fear of the people. In my judgment, the President and Congress underrated the intelligence and morality of the people. Let the people speak, then, and undeceive their rulers. Let them know that they stand at the head of a nation, not of military rowdies, but of Christian men, full of the wisdom of peace and good will. At any rate, the tide must be turned by the people, and it can only be done by a bold and loud demand that the war should be abandoned. No more appropriations for the war.-Come away,-LET Mexico ALONE!! must be proclaimed through the land. Let no man call himself a friend of peace who is not willing to take this attitude. All other opinions are upon the whole in favor of war.
“But whatever my countrymen may please to do or say, I do not intend to live or die with any of the blood-stains of this war upon me.
David Hale.”—Pp. 491, 492.