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Girty Simon, his conduct 76
his speech 132
Governor, his letter 376
Gazette occupied 389
and builds a cabin 12
his biography 23
Harrodsburgh, females at 1 -
Henderson Richard buys south
side of Kentucky 13
purchase made void 14
grant in lieu of it 15
Haggin John 45
Henry Patrick 64
Holder John Capt. defeated 130
Harrison William, his escape 144
Hardin Capt. crossed Ohio, &c. 252
Hargrove defeated lb.
Harmar Gen. his excursion 358
his expedition 362
Hubbell Capt. defeats Indians 370
Introduction, &c. 3
Indians, a description 2
killed by Cressup,&c. 36.148.167
infest the country 282
Indian hostilities suspended ^ 241
Johnson Robert Col. settles 164
Jefferson county divided 195
Jay John, his proposition 258
Innis Harry, his excuse 269
directed, &c. 358
Logan Benjamin comes to Ken.. • ,
tucky, builds a fort, St. Asaphs 13
his biography 28
moves his family, siege 42.49
convenes county lieutenants 271
Land law &>
Lexington settled 89
Land a fair subject of purchase 106
specimen of locations 150
Logan J. Col. defeats Indians. &c. 269
Land the criterion of interest 421
Legislature divided 423
Ohio river, its sources 4
Oldham Col. commands militia 378
his conduct 380
Overture to treat, from Spain 391
Kentucky, ancient annals, by C.
S. Rafinesque, (Profess. Trans.
Kentucky, description, &c. 1. 122
made a district 159
to be excluded &c. 315
described, population 436.441
religious sects 443
Knox James 9
Kenhaw'a river, its sources 11
Kenton Simon in Kentucky 39
joined Clark, made prisoner 74
crosses Ohio . 281
Kincheloe's station surprised 144
Kenton and Clark settle Lawrence
creek, and Limestone 188
Kentucky Gazette published 274
Posts on the Lakes 65
Patterson Rt. settle'! Lexington 89
saved at Blue Licks, 141
Polk Mrs. her case 145
Peace expected 155
Paine and his disciples 161
Posts of defence lf58.366
resolution of congress 168
Population increased 193
Price Benjamin killed 252
Postoffice, none 257
act of admission lb.
Paper mill 39
Power, its quality 415
Predestination discussed 449
Rapids of Ohio described 30
Randolph Thompson 144
Resolution against importation 351
Rich and poor 4
Spotswood Gov. recommended
Surveyors sent to Kentucky 11
Stewart John killed 18
the Ohio with troops 104
Stations, Ruddle's and Martin's I
Surveying north of Licking 166
Separation dawned 194
violent, agitated, reference
to the people proposed 289
St. Clair Governor complains 353
appointed general 377
his expedition lb.
Seminary Transylvania 356
Scott General, his expedition 37:
Taylor Handcock in Kentucky 38
"non, opened his office 120
Todd John and Col. Trigg pursue
Indians, and are defeated 136
Treaty with Great Britain, inexe
cution, Indian hostility, &c. 167.170 Todd Robert makes au expedition 271
cedes northwest of Ohio to
proceedings as to treaty
Whitley William visits Kentucky
War with Spain, and France J
with Indians 11
Walker Dr. attempts to find the
ran the state line H3
Winter of 1779-80 101
Whitaker Aquilla fired on, and
defeats the Indians on Ohio 115
Wilkinson James Gen. arrives 165 addresses people in Lexington 242 goes to Orleans 270
returns a Spanish subject 282 intrigue with Spanish agents 313 essays the military life his expedition made lieutenant colonel Washington designated
[BY THE AUTHOR.]
Twelve years have elapsed since I determined to write and publish a history of Kentucky; and nearly that term has expired', posterior to the ap» pearance of the first, of two volumes, which were intended to com prise the work. Why it was not accomplished, needs no explanation at this time. Adhering to the original design, its execution has been attempted, by revising the former volume, extending it to 500 pages, and writing a second, of equal size. Which are respectfully offered, To The People Of Kentucky,—and of which, it is hoped they may profit.
The former Introduction, will accompany this edition—it appearing still appropriate, and expressive of my sentiments.
Viewing the preface to a book, as a kind of antechamber, where the author, and his readers meet, to hold free conference; in which the former, if he can, is to prepare the latter, for a favourable reception of what he is about to offer them; this will be so employed: but without an apology for my own defects.
Believing, nevertheless, that the motive with which any thing is done, must always make an essential constituent of its merit, I shall not hesitate to say, that PUBLIC Utility, has been the predominant object of my labour. While the wisest of books, teacbeth, that—"no manlighteth a candle, and puttcth it under a bushel, but on a table, that it may give light to those in the house." The parable in the text, it will be perceived, may find an easy solution in the publication of a book, by its author. If it. manifests vanity, so it does also benevolence—especially, when the paramount design is, to diffuse information^ as the candle doth light to the household.
That history has not been more beneficial to mankind, than there is reason to conclude, from the state of the public mind, it has been, is not merely because men seldom profit by the experience of others—but also, because, from the intrinsic difficulties in the case, it has seldom been written in republics of a peaceful character, or especially, where their civil transactions furnish its subjects, until after both its precepts, and examples, have, in a great measure, lost their application and effect. While military annals, filled with different topics, having no such difficulties to encounter, are readily supplied; and, accordingly, every where furnished.
The history now offered, is in some of its material parts, an experiment, and, may hereafter become an example. Allusion is made to those parts, which apply to the constitutions, and the laws: and which are predicated upon the assumption, that our government is but in its infancy—that it has much to reform—and that the only way, by which it can attain perfection, is, impartially to detect its errors, see whence they flow, and then, with a sound discernment and honest intention, correct them.
Another reason, why history has not imparted all its benefits to mankind, is, that it is not sufficiently read by adequate numbers, to produce a general opinion of practical, moral, and political results. While its place, if occupied, is supplied by newspapers—whence are propagated every kind of opinion; of course, not only those which are correct, but as frequently, those which are entirely the reverse—when, to be able to perceive the right from the wrong, some previous reading of a more general nature, seems to be ne»
cessary. Not that history is infallible, or newspapers unuseful: but the form mer, being written under the direction of one will, is more likely to be consistent; and by the multiplicity of its facts, presents more extensive views.
Again, history, although it treats of recent occurrences in our own country, in ever so proper a manner, yet owing to prepossessions, of a personal or party nature, may fail of its merited attention, and effect. The author is either somebody, or nobody. If the former, it is more than probable, that he has belonged to one, or the other, of the parties, which at different times, have agitated and divided the state, or the United States: and then, he will bo suspected of partiality, and his book read,' by opponents at least, with a jealous and suspicious eye. But to exercise any judgment, the most impartial author must discriminate between right, and wrong; and award his decisions accordingly. If he exposes the leaders, or the principles of a party—adherents and followers are offended. Those who are wrong however, and especially if they have power on their side, refuse to yield their opinions, or to correct their course—while they all join to blast the author, that they may suppress his book.
In such a state of things, history is read by one portion of the community, not to be studied for information or improvement, but to be criticised and execrated j because it does not promote the party purposes, of a possible majority.
Reasons analagous to those expressed, exist in every popular government, against writing a history of the last half century—being the period which mine embraces. A large number of the individuals who figured in the scenes described, are still living; and where the actors are dead, their immediate descendants may now occupy the stage. Suppose the author to possess every requisite quality, and qualification, for the work—impartiality must be one of them. Admit that he descends to the delineation and exhibition of personal character. He would, it is certain, find many persons whose principles, talents, and amiable dispositions, it were a,pleasure to recount, elucidate and record.
To treat of these only, would prove him partial, and offend the rest of the same party, reciprocally. But, what popular favourite could bear an examination of his political conduct for twenty years past? Suppose one, the least exceptionable, selected, his course retraced—his measures scrutinized—his motives developed—his tergiversations noted—his inconsistencies set in array against him—his pretensions, feints and deceptions, as by him played off upon the people themselves, shewn—and the general selfishness of his patriotism duly exposed: to most honest men who would examine the portrait, it would be repulsive. Whatthen must a faithful delineation of those be, who have not the ground work of a good moral character; and hardly a virtue with which to begin the picture? And yet, such there are. Consider what that history would be, which should collect and display the transactions of such men to public view. Not that I have attempted the task. On the contrary, deeming it expedient to decline personal history—since the prevalence of party feelings; although to the generality of the readers of the histories of other countries, peculiarly interesting and agreeable; and which might have been made entertaining in this; yet the defect is to be acknowledged in the history ofKentucky.
P if A's, I 'rave o.ug'ii a compensation—to myself, in the reflection that in /.-vidua''ieace, andcomnl-iccac- of mind, were left unmolested—and to the reader, that even the ' idnv of the #i»rkwas enhanced bv substiti ting the rtSMltS'f public lehbvration, tode nil- <f personal occurrences That, in f ct, til fairway of estimating the veal char.ictero! a Fwvk 'ioki, is by u' deniltiivli ig ih-ir constitution of governm nt the spirit of their.legislation-. Mid'ho gepius -if their erst while better part of history, lie ii irivinv *o t: '.<'. afairhful representation; rather than in retracing the, steps which led to them, farther than illustration^ demand.