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~ 5. Every person must influence the happiness of others, by his dispui
iris more active than our reverence and gratitude for our parents. The
weakness of children interests the affections of the most brutal; while the infirmities of old age are objects of contempt to all but the good.
‘ 8. Next to the relations of parents and children, are those of brothers and sisters, and so on through all the relations of consanguinity. Their habitual intercourse produces habitual sympathy, called afl'ection. The good and virtuous regard these ties, and the dissipated and profligate despise them.
9. Next to our relatives come those who’aro recommended by their personal qualities. This is founded upon approbation of an individual’s conduct, confirmed by long vauajntance, and is called 'by the venerable and sacred name of friendship.
10. Benefactors, who have rendered as a kindness, have a natural claim upon our gratitude; Those also who are distinguished by their'extraordinary situations excite our attention. As the greatly fortunate, and the greatly unfortunate ; the rich and the powerful, and the poor and wretched. The peaice and order of society depend on our respect for the former 3 the relief of human misery, On our compassion for the latter.
11. The state, or sovereignty, in which we are born and educated, is next recommended to our afl‘ection. Not only we ourselves, but all the objects of our love, our children, our parents, our relatives, our friends, oui benefactors, are allcomprehended in it. Every good citizen loves his country, respects its laws, and wishes to promote, by every means in his power, the welfare of the whole society, in which he lives. ‘
12. A good man loves all mankind, because they all are under/the sp'ecial care of that great, benevolent, and all wise Being, who created, maintains, and directs all things, at all times, for the general good.
13. A fatherless world is the most melancholy of all reflections. The highest splendour cannot enlighten the gloom, which such an idea spreads over the imagination. Nor can the most afllicting adversny distnrb the ioy of the good man, under the conviction that this world has 8. Wise and
“benevolent Father for its Protector and Guide.
14. From this view of a Providence, man discovershimself to be a moral agent, bound to take care of his own happiness,_ that of his family, his friends, and his country ; making his own interest his motwe, andGod’s ml! his rule of conduct. This rule is known from God’s declarations in the scriptures,.or byhis works, denominated the law of nature. _ _
16. The method of coming. at the will of God, concerning any action, by the light of nature, is to inquire into the tendency of the action to pro~
mote or diminish the general happiness. It is evident,_that Qod, when he made man, willed and wished his happiness. Every child at its sport, even the most trivial occurrence, demonstrates the finger of God. _ I ¢ 16. Therefore, he who bestpromoteshis own happiness, that of his family, his friends, his country, and of mankind, acts most consistently With theyill of God, and thus performs, in the most perfect manner, hismoral obligations.
Lucretia and Virginia, . . 52 Arachne and Melissa, . 121
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‘ Page. ' Page.
The journey to Market,
Erskine and Exaport, . .