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Nothing is known of the life of Henrysone, but Besides a continuation of Chaucer's Troilus and that he was a schoolmaster at Dunfermline. Lord Cresseide, he wrote a number of fables, of which Hailes supposes his office to have been preceptor MS. copies are preserved in the Scotch Advoof youth in the Benedictine convent of that place. cates' Library.
I. * Robene sat on a good green hill._ Keeping a flock of cattle.- Merry Makyne said to him.-u Robene, take pity on me.-"I have loved me openly and secretly.w These years two or three.-* My sorrow, in secret, unless thou share.- Undoubtedly I shall die.
II. 2 Robene answered, by the rood.-_Nothing of love I know.–6 But keep my sheep under yon wood.- Lo where they range in a row. What has marred thee in thy mond.-e Makyne, show thou to me. Or what is love or to be loved.-- Fain would I learn that law (of love).
III. h At the lore of love if thou wilt learn. - Take there an A, B, C.- Be kind, courteous, and fair of aspect or feature.—k Wise, hardy, and free. See that no danger daunt thee._m Whatever sorrow in secret thou sufferest.-1 Exert thyself with pains to thy utmost power. _Be patient and privy.
IV. P Robene answered her again.- I wot not what is love. But I (have) wonder, certainly.— What makes thee thus melancholy. The weather is fair, and I am glad.-u My sheep go healthful above (or in the uplands). - If we should play in this plain.-" They would reprove us both.
V. * Robene, take heed unto my tale.- And do all as I advise.-2 And thou shalt have my heart entirely a Since God sends good for evil. --b And for mourning consolation - I am now in secret with thee, but if I separate.-d Doubtless I shall die (broken-hearted).
VI, e Makyne, to-morrow this very time. If ye will meet me here.- & Perhaps my sheep may go aside.h Until we have lain near.
She. Robene, I stand in sic a style 9,
For of my pane thow made it p
And all in vain I spend,*
As thow hes done, sa sall I say,
Murne on, I think to mendw.
He. Makyne the howp of all my heil
My hairt on the is setty ;
And evir mair to the be leill”, Robene on his wayis wenty,
Quhile I may leif, but letta.
Never to faill, as utheris faill", As licht as leif of trèz :
Quhat grace that evir I gete. Makyne murnit in her intents,
She. Robene, with the I will not deill
Adew ! for thus we mette.
Makyne went hame blythe aneu
Robene murnit, and Makyne leu
Scho sang, he sichit sairi.
And so left him baith wo and wr
In dolour and in cairk,
Kepand his hird under a heuch',
Amang the holtis hairm.
XI. m Abide, abide, thou fair Makyne.-n
any thing's (sake).-For all my love shall I And till hir tuke gude keep!
p Without departing.-- To have thy heart all i
all that I covet. My sheep, tv-morrow, t: VII. Robene, thou robbest my quiet and rest.-- I + Will need no keeping. but thee alone.mk Makyne, adieu, the sun goes west. XII. u For you made game of my pain. 1 The day is nearly gone._m Robene, in sorrow I am so
like you.--W Mourn on, I think to do better (1 beset. That love will be my bane._Go love, Makyne,
love). where thou wilt.--p For sweetheart I love none.
XV. X Makyne, the hope of all my health.-Y VIII. 9 Robene, I am in such a state.-I sigh, and
is on thee set. 2 And (1) shall ever more be tri that full sore.- Makyne, I have been here some time.
- While I may live, without ceasing.– Nev * At home God grant I were.-- My sweet Robene, talk a
as others fail.-c Whatever favour I obtain.while. If thou wilt do no more.--W Makyne, some other
with thee I will not deal. Adieu ! for thus w man beguile. For homeward I will fare.
XVI. Makyne went home blythe enough. IX. y Robene on his way went.- As light as leaf of
hoary woodlandst.- Robene mournd, and tree.- Makyne mourned in her thoughts. And
laughed. She sang, he sighed sore.-) And so thought him never to see.- Robene went over the hill.
woeful and overcome.-_k In dolour and care. _d Then Makyne cried on high.-e Now you may sing, his herd under a cliff.--m Among the hoary hill I am destroyed.-- What ails, love, with me?
X. Makyne went home without fail.mh Full I after * Spend, if it be not a corruption of the te she would weep. i By that (time) some of Makyne's parently the imperfect of a verb; but I canno sorrow._j Crept through his heart.-k He followed fast any glossary, or even in Dr. Jamieson's Scot to lay hold of her. And held good watch of her.
tionary, the verb to which it may be traced so a
sense. I suppose the meaning is there was a ti * Pinkerton absurdly makes this word roiss ; it is rois I vainly made love to thee." in the Bannatyne MS.
+ Vide Jamieson's Dictionary, voc. HAI + The line " Than Robene in a full fair daill," may The words holtis hair have been differe either mean that he assembled his sheep in a fair full plained. number, or in a fair piece of low ground; the former is the more probable meaning.
The word werry I am unable to explain.
[Born, 1460 ? Died, 1520 ?)
The little that is known of Dunbar has been of which the holy water could not cleanse him. gleaned from the complaints in his own poetry, On his return to Scotland he commemorated the and from the abuse of his contemporary Kennedy, nuptials of James IV. with Margaret Tudor, in which is chiefly directed against his poverty. his poem of the Thistle and Rose ; but we find From the colophon of one of his poems, dated at that James turned a deaf ear to his remonOxford, it has been suggested, as a conjecture, strances for a benefice, and that the queen that he studied at that universityt. By his own exerted her influence in his behalf ineffectually.. account, he travelled through France and England Yet, from the verses on his dancing in the queen's
rice the Franciscan order ; and, in chamber, it appears that he was received at court that capacity, confesses that he was guilty of on familiar terms. sins, probably professional frauds, from the stain
THE DAUNCE OF THE SEVEN DEADLY SINS THROUGH HELL.
Of Februar the fiftene nychta,
I lay intillc a trance ;
Mahoun gart cry ane Dance',
To mak their observàncel :
As varlotis dois in France.
Let's see, quoth he, now quha begins" :
Begowth to leip at anis'.
Like to mak vaistie wainis;
His kethat for the nanis".
They girnd with hyddous granis'.
Heillie harlottis on hawtane wyis',
Bot yet leuch never Mahdun",
Black-Belly and Bawsy-Broun9.
Then Ire cam in with sturt and strife,
He brandeist lyk a beir ;
All bodin in feir of weirf.
I. a The fifteenth night.-b Before the day-light,-€ I lay in a trance.—d And then I saw both heaven and hell.- Methought among the fell fiends. - The devil made proclaim a dance.- Of sinners that were never shriven.-h The evening preceding Lent.-- To make their observance. He bade (his) gallants go prepare a masque.--k And cast up dances in the skies.
II. 1 Holy harlots in haughty guise.—m Came in with many sundry masks. But yet Satan never laughed.-o While priests came with their bare shaven necks.p Then all the fiends laughed and made signs of derision. - Names of spirits. [Dunbar in 1477 was entered among the Determinantes, or Bachelors of Arts, at Salvator's College, St. Andrew's, and in 1479 he took his degree there of Master of Arts. (See Laing's Dunbar, vol. i. p. 9.) That he studied at Oxsord at any time is highly improbable. ]
III. Let's sec, quoth he, now who begins With that the foul seven deadly sins.— Began to leap at once. Lu With hair combed back (and) bonnet to one side. "Likely to make wasteful wants.-W Like a wheel.* Hung all the rumples to the heel.-y His cassock for the nonce.--. Many a proud impostor with him tripped.-a Through scalding fire as they skipt.-b They grinned with hideous groans. IV.
c Then Ire came with trouble and strife.d Boasters, braggarts, and bullies. —€ After him passed in pairs.- All arrayed in feature of war.
[1 In 1500 he received a yearly pension of ten pounds from King James,“ to be pait to him for al the dais of his life, or quhil he be promovit be our Souerane Lord to a benefice of xl li. or aboue." The pension was raised to xx li. in 1507, and to lxxx li. in 1510, the latter to be paid till such time as he should receive a benefice of one hundred pounds or upwards. ]
Na menstrals playit to thame but For glémen thair wer haldin outk.
By day and eke by nicht!, Except a menstrall that slew a ma Swa till his heretage he wan"
And enterit be brief of richto.
n He drew them forth in a chain.-0 And a bridle-rein.-p Ever lashed them on the dance they were so slow of feet. They ga the fire a heat. And made them quickehension.
8 In coats of armour and bonnets of steel.-h Their legs were chained to the heel. (Probably it means covered with iron net-work).- Froward was their aspect.-) Some struck upon others with brands.-k Some stuck others to the bilt. With knives that sharply could mangle.
m Followed Envy.-n Filled full of quarrel and felony._0 For privy hatred that traitor trembled.—Him followed many a dissembling renegado.-9 With feigned words fair, or white. And flatterers to men's faces.. And back biters in secret places.- To lie that had delight.- And spreaders of false lies.—" Alas that courts of noble kings.—W Of them can never be rid.
VI. * Covetousness.-Root of all evil and ground of vice. Caitiffs, wretches, and usurers.-- Misers, hoarders, and gatherers-b All with that barloch or male fiend went.. Out of their throats they shot on (each) other.-d Hot molten gold, methought, a vast quantity.-e Like fire flakes most fervid.-- Aye as they emptied themselves of shot.-5 With gold of all kind of coin.
VII. Then Sloth at a second bidding.-i Came like a sow from a dunghill.-- Full sleepy was his grunt.k
Many a lazy glutton. Many a drowsy sleepy sluggard. -m Him served with care.
VIII. • Then Lechery, that loath some bod ing like a stallion - And Idleness did him lea was with him an ugly sort.-That had been - When they were entered in the dan torches burning red.
IX. a Of womb insatiable and greedy.— then addressed himself.-c Him followed m drunkard.—d Different names of drinking vess many a waistless sot. With bellies unwie drag forth.-- In grease that did increase._h gave them hot lead to lap.--. Their love of dr not the less.
X. I No minstrels without doubt.-_k For glee were kept out. By day and by night.-m Exc strel that slew a inan.-n so till he won his inh • And entered by letter of right.
David Lyndsay, according to the conjecture of have asserted) occasioned our poet's banishment his latest editor*, was born in 1490. He was from court, it is certain that his retirement was educated at St. Andrew's, and leaving that uni not of long continuance ; since he was sent, in versity, probably about the age of nineteen, 1543, by the Regent of Scotland, as Lyon King, became the page and companion of James V. to the Emperor of Germany. Before this period during the prince's childhood, not his tutor, as the principles of the Reformed religion had begun has been sometimes inaccurately stated. When to take a general root in the minds of his country. the young king burst from the faction which had
men; and Lyndsay, who had already written a oppressed himself and his people, Lyndsay pub drama in the style of the old moralities, with a lished his Dream, a poem on the miseries which view to ridicule the corruptions of the popish Scotland had suffered during the minority. In clergy, returned from the Continent to devote his 1530, the king appointed him Lyon King at Arms, pen and his personal influence to the cause of the and a grant of knighthood, as usual, accompanied new faith. In the parliaments which met at the office. In that capacity he went several Edinburgh and Linlithgow, in 1544–45 and 46, times abroad, and was one of those who were sent he represented the county of Cupar in Fife ; and to demand a princess of the Imperial line for the in 1547, he is recorded among the champions of Scottish sovereign. James having, however, the Reformation, who counselled the ordination of changed his mind to a connexion with France, John Knox. and having at length fixed his choice on the The death of Cardinal Beaton drew from him Princess Magdalene, Lyndsay was sent to attend a poem on the subject, entitled, a Tragedy, (the upon her to Scotland ; but her death happening term tragedy was not then coufined to the drama,) six weeks after her arrival, occasioned another in which he has been charged with drawing poem from our author, entitled the “Deploracion.” together all the worst things that could be said of On the arrival of Mary of Guise, to supply her the murdered prelate. It is incumbent, howplace, he superintended the ceremony of her
ever, on those who blame him for so doing, to triumphant entry into Edinburgh ; and, blending
prove that those worst things were not atrocious. the fancy of a poet with the godliness of a re Beaton's principal failing was a disposition to former, he so constructed the pageant, that a
burn with fire those who opposed his ambition, lady like an angel, who came out of an artificial or who differed from his creed ; and if Lyndsay cloud, exhorted her majesty to serve God, obey was malignant in exposing one tyrant, what a her husband, and keep her body pure, according libeller must Tacitus be accounted ! to God's commandments.
His last embassy was to Denmark, in order to On the 14th of December, 1542, Lyndsay wit negotiate for a free trade with Scotland, and to nessed the decease of James V., at his palace of solicit ships to protect the Scottish coasts against Falkland, after a connexion between them which the English. It was not till after returning from had subsisted since the earliest days of the prince. this business that he published Squyre Meldrum, If the death of James (as some of his biographers the last, and the liveliest of his works.
* Mr. G. Chalmers.