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for hereby are unfolded the motives of individuals, and the influence of parties; from whose pertinacity and intrigues proceed conflicts, projects, and establishments which the agitators never contemplated, and which the most sagacious observers of human nature could not have anticipated.

Among the changes that have taken place in the condition of political society, the separation of the American colonies from the parent country has been by far the most prolific and extensive in its effects of any in the history of modern ages.

It is presumed, therefore, that little need be said on the value of the correspondence of Dr. FRANKLIN, whose extraordinary abilities as a statesman were felt and acknowledged in both countries, and by persons of opposite sentiments. But what renders his letters on the public concerns in which he was engaged peculiarly interesting, is the spirit of candor that runs through the whole of them, and the style of simplicity by which they are recommended as models of epistolary composition, and stamped beyond all question as authorities of the first character; though certainly not written with a

view to publication. Here will be seen to equal advantage, the philosopher and the man of business, the moralist and negotiator, the profound legislator, and the familiar friend, who opens his mind and delivers his sentiments with the same ingenuousness on matters of science and policy, the conduct of private life, and the interests of nations. The correspondence contained in this collection, is indeed a store of the soundest lessons of practical wisdom upon subjects of universal moment, and it is also a repository of information which will afford the best instruction to politicians, and will prove a sure guide to the future historian, who shall undertake the task of recording the several stages that have led to the establishment of American Independence, with the consequences of that event upon the states of Europe. The MEMOIRS OF THE LIFE, and the PRIVATE CORRESPONDENCE of Dr. FRANKLIN, will show much more clearly the great chain on which the fate of nations depends, than the debates of senates, the cabals of cabinets, or the details of battles: and to an Englishman, the Letters, now for the first time

published, will be curious and important in a very
high degree, as throwing a strong light upon the
early part of the present reign, and upon the cha-
racters of those persons who had a principal share
in the counsels which produced the dismember-
ment of the British empire, and the creation of a
power, which, from being a dependent state, has
become its most formidable rival.

London, 1816.

DR. FRANKLIN'S MEMOIRS

Consist altogether of Six Volumes octavo. They are di-
vided into Three Parts; each Part being published and sold
separately; viz.

Vols. 1 and 2. Containing the Life.
Vols. 3 and 4.

Private Correspondence,
Vols. 5 and 6.

Select Works, most of which
are now published for the first time.

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On

covering houses with copper:

11

to Samuel Rhoads, esq. Juve 26, 1770. Containing

the method of covering houses with copper 12

to Governor Franklin, Aug. 19, 1772. On exercise

of the body

15

to Mr. Anthony Benezet, Aug. 22, 1772. On the

slave trade

16

to Dr. Priestley, Sept. 19, 1772. Moral Algebra,

or method of deciding doubtful matters with

oneself

17

to the Rev. Dr. Mäther, July 7, 1773. Dissenters'

petition-- America known to the Europeans be-';

fore Columbus.

19

to Samuel Danforth, esq. July 25, 1773

23

to His Most Serene Highness Don Gabriel of Bour-

VOL.I.

D

bon, Philadelphia, Dec. 12, 1775. On receiving

his version of Sallust

24

Dr. Franklin to Dr. Priestley, Paris, Jan. 27, 1777. Phi-

losopher's stone-State of affairs in America 25

to Mrs. Thompson, (at Lille ) Feb. 8, 1777

26

to Dr. Cooper, (Boston) May 1, 1777

29

to Mr. Winthrop, (Boston) May 1, 1777

30

to Mr. Cushing, (Boston) May 1, 1777

. 32

to Mr. Thomas Viny, (Tenterden, Kent) Passy,

near Paris, May 4, 1779

32

to Mrs. Wright, London) May 4, 1779

33

to General Beckwith, May 17, 1779. Discourag-

ing his going to the United States under the

expectation of being employed in its urmies 35

to Sir Edward Newenham, bart. (Dublin) May

27, 1779. Respecting Irish emigrations to the

United States

to General Gates, June 9, 1779. Relative to the

Chevalier De RamondisCapitulation of Sara-

toga--Dissensions in America

38

to Richard Bache, esq. (bis son-in-law) June 2, 1779.

Respecting Dr. F.'s enemies in America - His

grandsons, &c.

39

to Mrs. Bache, (his daughter) June 3, 1779. Va-

rious matter

41

to Mr. Bridgen, (London) Oct. 2, 1779. On cop-

per coinage for the United States

45

to B. Vaughan, esq. Nov. 9, 1779. On his edition

of some of Dr. Franklin's Writings

46

to Francis Hopkinson, esq. June 4, 1779

48
to Pere Beccaria Nov. 19, 1779

49

to Dr. Price, Feb, 6, 1780

50

to Dr. Priestley, Feb. 8, 1780. On true science

Reflections on the inconveniences attending all

situations in life

52

to General Washington, March 5, 1780. Relative

to the Marquis. De la Fayette- Invitation to

visit Europe

54

to the Chevalier De la Luzerne, March 5, 1780.

Various matter

56

to F. Hopkinson, esq. March 16, 1780. Political

squibs-Dr. Ingenhausz's experiments on the

leaves of trees A new telescope for ascertaining

distances

57
to Dr. Bond, March 16, 1780. Letter of friendship 58

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