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for hereby are unfolded the motives of individuals, and the influence of parties; from whose pertinacity and intrigues proceed conflicts, projects, and establishments which the agitators never contemplated, and which the most sagacious observers of human nature could not have anticipated.

Among the changes that have taken place in the condition of political society, the separation of the American colonies from the parent country has been by far the most prolific and extensive in its effects of any in the history of modern ages.

It is presumed, therefore, that little need be said on the value of the correspondence of Dr. FRANKLIN, whose extraordinary abilities as a statesman were felt and acknowledged in both countries, and by persons of opposite sentiments. But what renders his letters on the public concerns in which he was engaged peculiarly interesting, is the spirit of candor that runs through the whole of them, and the style of simplicity by which they are recommended as models of epistolary composition, and stamped beyond all question as authorities of the first character; though certainly not written with a

view to publication. Here will be seen to equal advantage, the philosopher and the man of business, the moralist and negotiator, the profound legislator, and the familiar friend, who opens his mind and delivers his sentiments with the same ingenuousness on matters of science and policy, the conduct of private life, and the interests of nations. The correspondence contained in this collection, is indeed a store of the soundest lessons of practical wisdom upon subjects of universal moment, and it is also a repository of information which will afford the best instruction to politicians, and will prove a sure guide to the future historian, who shall undertake the task of recording the several stages that have led to the establishment of American Independence, with the consequences of that event upon the states of Europe. The MEMOIRS OF THE LIFE, and the PRIVATE CORRESPONDENCE of Dr. FRANKLIN, will show much more clearly the great chain on which the fate of nations depends, than the debates of senates, the cabals of cabinets, or the details of battles: and to an Englishman, the Letters, now for the first time

published, will be curious and important in a very high degree, as throwing a strong light upon the early part of the present reign, and upon the characters of those persons who had a principal share in the counsels which produced the dismemberment of the British empire, and the creation of a power, which, from being a dependent state, has become its most formidable rival.

London, 1816.


Consist altogether of Six Volumes octavo. They are divided into Three Parts; each Part being published and sold separately; viz.

Vols. 1 and 2. Containing the Life.
Vols. 3 and 4.

Private Correspondence,
Vols. 5 and 6.

Select Works, most of which are now published for the first time.

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covering houses with copper:


to Samuel Rhoads, esq. Juve 26, 1770. Containing

the method of covering houses with copper 12

to Governor Franklin, Aug. 19, 1772. On exercise

of the body


to Mr. Anthony Benezet, Aug. 22, 1772. On the

slave trade


to Dr. Priestley, Sept. 19, 1772. Moral Algebra,

or method of deciding doubtful matters with



to the Rev. Dr. Mäther, July 7, 1773. Dissenters'

petition-- America known to the Europeans be-';

fore Columbus.


to Samuel Danforth, esq. July 25, 1773


to His Most Serene Highness Don Gabriel of Bour-



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PAGE Dr. Franklin to Joseph Galloway, esq. speaker of the

: house of assembly of Pennsylvania.--London, - June 13, 1767. Repeal of act restraining the

legal tender of paper money--Mr. Grenville * Mr. Townsend - The salt duty-Change of mi

.nistry predicted in. . . . . - 276 to the same, August 8, 1767. Attempt to form a

coalition of parties. Right claimed to tax the ' colonies. Paper money , is

· 281 .. to Governor Franklin, New Jersey, August 28,

1767. Conversation with Lord Shelburne and
Mr. Conway on American affairs. Paper mo-
ney - De Guerchy - Monsieur Durand, the
French Plenipotentiary, curious about American

- 285 to Governor Franklin, Nov. 25, 1767. Governor

Barnard-Conversation with Lord Shelburne

Dean Tucker--Lord Clare ... - 287 to Joseph Galloway, esq. Dec. 1. 1767. Paper

money-Mr. Grenville - Duke of Bedford - 290 to Mr. Ross, Philadelphia, London, Dec, 12, 1767.

Question of admitting America to be represented
in the British parliament

- - 292 t to Governor Franklin, Dec. 19, 1767. The Boston

resolutions concerning trade-Anecdote relative
to Colonel Onslow and Mr. Grenville

- 293 . Governor Pownall to Dr. Franklin. Concerning an equal

į communication of rights, privileges, &c. to Ame-
rica by Great Britain .-

- 295
Minutes on the back of the foregoing, by Dr.

- 296 Dr. Franklin to Governor Franklin, Jan. 9, 1768. Change

of ministryBedford party to come in - 297 to Joseph Galloway, esq. Jan. 9, 1768. Change of ministry-American affairs

- 298 to the same, Feb. 17, 1768. Restraining act rela

tive to paper money-Conversation with Lord
Hillsborough on the subject, and on a change of

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