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to Miss Stevenson, London, May 16, 1760. Advice

in reading

40

to John Baskerville, Printer, 1760.

5

to John Alleyne, esq. Aug. 9, 1768. On early mara

riages

7

to Michael Collinson, esq. 1768 or 69. Respecting

Mr. Peter Collinson

9

to Michael Hillegas, esq. March 17, 1770. On

covering houses with copper!

11

to Samuel Rhoads, esq. June 26, 1770. Containing

the method of covering houses with copper

12

to Governor Franklin, Aug. 19, 1772. On exercise

of the body

15

to Mr. Anthony Benezet, Aug. 22, 1772.

On the

slave trade

16

to Dr. Priestley, Sept. 19, 1772.

Moral Algebra,

or method of deciding doubtful matters with

oneself

17

to the Rev. Dr. Mäther, July 7, 1773.

Dissenters'

petition-- America known to the Europeans be-

fore Columbuts

19

to Samuel Danforth, esq. July 25, 1773

23

to His Most Serene Highness Don Gabriel of Bour-

VOL. I.

D

1

PAGE

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bon, Philadelphia, Dec. 12, 1775. On receiving
his version of Sallust

24 Dr. Franklin to Dr. Priestley, Paris, Jan. 27, 1777. Phi

losopher's stone-State of affairs in America 25 to Mrs. Thompson, (at. Lille ) Feb. 8, 1777 26 to Dr. Cooper, (Boston) May 1, 1777

29 to Mr. Winthrop, (Boston) May 1, 1777

30 to Mr. Cushing, (Boston) May 1, 1777

32 to Mr. Thomas Viny, (Tenterden, Kent) Passy, near Paris, May 4, 1779

32 to Mrs. Wright, London ) May 4, 1779

33 to General Beckwith, May 17, 1779. Discourag

ing his going to the United States under the
expectation of being employed in its armies

35 to Sir Edward Newenham, bart. (Dublin) May

27, 1779. Respecting Irish emigrations to the
United States

37 'to General Gates, June 2, 1779. Relative to the

Chevalier De Ramondis-Capitulation of Sara-
toga--Dissensions in America

38 to Richard Bache, esq. (bis son-in-law) June 2, 1779.

Respecting Dr. F.'s enemies in America - His
grandsons, &c.

39 to Mrs. Bache, (his daughter) June 3, 1779. Various matter

41 to Mr. Bridgen, (London) Oct. 2, 1779. On copper coinage for the United States

45 to B. Vaughan, esq. Nov. 9, 1779. On his edition of some of Dr. Franklin's Writings

46 to Francis Hopkinson, esq. June 4, 1779

48 to Pere Beccaria Nov. 19, 1779

49 to Dr. Price, Feb, 6, 1780

50 to Dr. Priestley, Feb. 8, 1780. On true science

Reflections on the inconveniences 'attending all
situations in life

52 to General Washington, March 5, 1780. Relative

to the Marquis De la Fayette- Invitation to
visit Europe

54 to the Chevalier De la Luzerne, March 5, 1780. Various matter

56 to F. Hopkinson, esg. March 16, 1780. Political

squibs-Dr. Ingenhausz's experiments on the
leaves of trees A new telescope for ascertaining
distances

57 to Dr. Bond, March 16, 1780. Letter of friendship 58

Private Correspondence

OF

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN,

LL.D. F.R.S. &c.

MINISTER PLENIPOTENTIARY FROM THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

AT THE COURT OF FRANCE, AND FOR THE TREATY OF PEACE

AND INDEPENDENCE WITH GREAT BRITAIN, &c. &c.

COMPRISING

A SERIES OF LETTERS

ON

MISCELLANEOUS, LITERARY, AND POLITICAL SUBJECTS :

WRITTEN BETWEEN THE YEARS 1753 AND 1790 ;

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memoirs of his public and Private Life,

AND DEVELOPING

THE SECRET HISTORY

OF HIS

POLITICAL TRANSACTIONS AND NEGOCIATIONS.

PUBLISHED FROM THE ORIGINALS,

BY HIS GRANDSON
WILLIAM TEMPLE FRANKLIN.

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. I.

THIRD EDITION, WITH ADDITIONS.

LONDON: PRINTED FOR HENRY COLBURN, CONDUIT STREET.

PAGB

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Dr. Franklin to the Rev. Dr. Cooper, May 15, 1781. New

constitution of Massachusetts - Maintenance

for the clergy-Scripture phrases, &c. i - 85 sto Messrs. D. Wepdorp and Thomas Hope Heygher,

June 8, 1781. Injustice of the English-New to , law of nations

.. . - 87 to W. Carmichael, esq. Aug. 24, 1781. Dr. F's i resignation refused by Congress- Various matin termini

- i

! to the Rev. W. Nixon, Sept. 5, 1781. Means of doing much good with little money . . ... to the Hon. Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, Sept. , 13, 1781 .. . .

- 90 - to Richard Bache, esq. Sept. 13, 1781. Mr.Whar

ton's pamphlet on the Indiana claims-Loss of . Dr. F.'s papers, , . ., . ,

to F. Hopkinson, esq. Sept. 13, 1781. Dr. F.'s .. friends and enemies : .. .. .. 92 i to Edmund Burke, esq. M.P. Oct. 15, 1781. Re

lative to Gen. Burgoyne and Mr. Laurens to Messrs. Korpman, Nov. 21, 1781. Relative to - a claim of relationship with Dr. Franklin

to Gov. Pownall, Nov. 23, 1781. Relative to Mrs.

. Barry-The war-Authority to treat of peace .. Mr. Hobart ..

- 95 to Mrs. C. Edes, Dec. 13, 1781. Relative to Henry

Laurens, esq.--Mr. Burke General Burgoyne 96 to Miss Laurens, Dec. 29, 1781. Relative to her

father's situation
i to *** ** * Jan. 4, 1782. . Containing advice
- to certain manufacturers intending to emigrate
to America

-, ! . . • 100 to His Excellency Gen. Washington, April 2, 1782.

Capitulation of Lord Cornwallis -- Introduc

tion of Count de Segur, &c. . , • 102 to ibe Chevalier de Chastelleux, April 6, 1782.

Change of ministry in England-Peace---Cam-
paign in AmericaCount de Segur

- 103 : to Gen. Washington, April 8, 1782. Introduc

tion of the Prince de Broglie ... - 105 to the Rev. Dr. Priestley, June 7, 1782. Reflec

.: tions on the conduct of mankind to each other - Apologue-Experiments of Lavoisier • 106

to Dr. Shipley, Bishop of St. Asaph, June 10, 1782 108 to Dr. Ingenhausz, June 21, 1782. Reflections on

97

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Char

Gift
Mrs. F. W. Kelsey
3-20-30
21

PREFACE

TO

THE FIRST EDITION

OF THE

PRIVATE CORRESPONDENCE.

Familiar letters have been usually considered as exhibiting a portraiture of the human mind; and though perhaps they are not always to be so regarded, especially in the intercourse of public men upon subjects involving particular interests and questions of national policy; yet even from these documents the most valuable materials of history are drawn, and the secret springs of great events are disclosed. Hence it is, that a deserved importance has ever been attached to the correspondence of persons who have figured with distinction in political revolutions, and the foundation of new states:

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