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Dr. Franklin to the Rev. Dr. Cooper, May 15, 1781. New

I n constitution of Massachusetts :- Maintenance

in for the clergy-Scripture phrases, &c. ;j - 85

sto Messrs. D. Wendorp and Thomas Hope Heygher,

June 8, 1781. Injustice of the English-New

Wir law of nations . , -

is 87

to W. Carmichael, esq. Aug. 24, 1781. Dr. F's

... resignation refused by Congress-Various mat-

jo ter . . . - . . . . . .

... to the Rev. W. Nixon, Sept. 5, 1781. Means of

doing much good with little money .. . -

... to the Hon. Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, Sept.

. 13, 1781. - . -

- 90

... to Richard Bache, esq. Sept. 13, 1781. Mr. Whar-

i t on's pamphlet on the Indiana claims-Loss of

, Dr. Fi's papers. .. ... .,

- ib.

to F. Hopkinson, esq. Sept. 13, 1781. Dr. F.'s

... friends and enemies .. ... .

niin to Edmund Burke, esq. M.P. Oct. 15, 1781. Re-

lative to Gen. Burgoyne and Mr. Laurens .

to Messrs. Korpman, Nov. 21, 1781. Relative to

- ; a claim of relationship with Dr. Franklin .

to Gov. Pownall, Nov. 23, 1781. Relative to Mrs.

- BarryThe war--Authority to treat of peace

Mr. Hobart .. .

- 95

- to Mrs. C. Edes, Dec. 13, 1781. Relative to Henry

. Laurens, esq.-Mr. Burke General Burgoyne

to Miss Laurens, Dec. 29, 1781. Relative to her

father's situation

• 97

i to * * * * * * Jan. 4, 1782. Containing advice

.. to certain manufacturers intending to emigrate

to America -

to His Excellency Gen. Washington, April 2, 1782.

Capitulation of Lord Cornwallis Introduc-

tion of Count de Segur, &c. .. . , - 102

to the Chevalier de Chastelleux, April 6, 1782.

Change of ministry in England - Peace--Cam-

paign in America- Count de Segur

103

to Gen. Washington, April 8, 1782. Introduc-

tion of the Prince de Broglie

- 105

to the Rev. Dr. Priestley, June 7, 1782, Reflec-

'c tions on the conduct of mankind to each other

. Apologue---Experiments of Lavoisier

• 106

to Dr. Shipley, Bishop of St. Asaph, June 10, 1782 108

to Dr. Ingenhausz, June 21, 1782. Reflections on

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misunderstandings between friends---M. Lavoi!

sier's experiments-American affairs ." - 110

Dr. Franklin to Miss Alexander, June 24, 1782 * - 112

- to Mr. Hutton, July 7,1782. Relative to the mur-

los der of some Moravian Indians ... ! - 113

to the Secretary for foreign affairs of the United

States, Sept. 3, 1782. The birth of the Dauphin

-Biz --Capt. Asgill - M. Tousard - Allowance to

2 - Mr.T. Franklin-Contingent expenses-Enclo-

sures

. ... . .. ?!- 115

fi*- to Sir Joseph Banks, Sept. 9, 1782 -.. - 118

. to F. Hopkinson, esq.' Dec. 24, 1782. On the

planting trees in Philadelphia - Newspaper

* abuse

- 119

3 to * * * , Jan. 11, 1783. Thanking him for his

works Criminal laws-On his project of remov-

i.ing to America : -

' - 121

to David Barclay, esq. Jan. 8, 1783 . - 123

- to * **, March 9, 1783 · - ..

. 124

... to Mrs. Hewson, Jan. 27, 1783. On the death of

in her mother----Invitation to come to Passy ! - 125

* to the Right Hon. the Earl of Buchan, March 17,

a' 1783. On the acquisition of lands, and form-

ing settlements in America : - - " . - 127

- to William Jones, esq. March 17, 1783-... - 128

to the Bishop of St. Asaph, (Dr. Shipley) March

»; 17, 1783. On the peace with America - - 130

* to Sir Joseph Banks, July 27, 1783. On the return

of peace

-

..

131

to Bravd Hollis, esq. Oct. 5, 1783. Eulogium of

in Thomas Hollis

- i . . . . 134

Pa to His Excellency John Jay, esq. Jan. 6,1784 - 136

to Mrs. Bache, Jan. 26, 1784. On the proposed

Se order of Cincinnati-Hereditary nobility and

Ore descending honors

-

-

- 137

- to His Excellency Henry Laurens, esq. Feb. 12,

31 1784. Remarks on the British government - 145

9!. to William Strahan, esq. Feb. 16, 1784. Sugges-

Pin tions as to the deplorable situation of the Bri-

tish government.

· 147

*to Henry Laurens, esq. March 12, 1784

• 148

-- to Mr. Walter, (Printer, London) April 17, 1784.

5 On the logographical mode of printing

- 150

i to Mr. Benjamin Webb, April 22, 1784. A new

tio method of repaying money lent

• 152

for hereby are unfolded the motives of individuals, and the influence of parties; from whose pertinacity and intrigues proceed conflicts, projects, and establishments which the agitators never contemplated, and which the most sagacious observers of human nature could not have anticipated.

Among the changes that have taken place in the condition of political society, the separation of the American colonies from the parent country has been by far the most prolific and extensive in its effects of any in the history of modern ages.

It is presumed, therefore, that little need be said on the value of the correspondence of Dr. FRANKLIN, whose extraordinary abilities as a statesman were felt and acknowledged in both countries, and by persons of opposite sentiments. But what renders his letters on the public concerns in which he was engaged peculiarly interesting, is the spirit of candor that runs through the whole of them, and the style of simplicity by which they are recommended as models of epistolary composition, and stamped beyond all question as authorities of the first character; though certainly not written with a

1

view to publication. Here will be seen to equal advantage, the philosopher and the man of business, the moralist' and negotiator, the profound legislator, and the familiar friend, who opens his mind and delivers his sentiments with the same ingenuousness on matters of science and policy, the conduct of private life, and the interests of nations. The correspondence contained in this collection, is indeed a store of the soundest lessons of practical wisdom upon subjects of universal moment, and it is also a repository of information which will afford the best instruction to politicians, and will prove a sure guide to the future historian, who shall undertake the task of recording the several stages that have led to the establishment of American Independence, with the consequences of that event upon the states of Europe. The MEMOIRS OF THE LIFE, and the PRIVATE CORRESPONDENCE of Dr. FRANKLIN, will show much more clearly the great chain on which the fate of nations depends, than the debates of senates, the cabals of cabinets, or the details of battles: and to an Englishman, the Letters, now for the first time

published, will be curious and important in a very high degree, as throwing a strong light upon the early part of the present reign, and upon the characters of those persons who had a principal share in the counsels which produced the dismemberment of the British empire, and the creation of a power, which, from being a dependent state, has become its most formidable rival.

London, 1816.

DR. FRANKLIN'S MEMOIRS

Consist altogether of Six Volumes octavo. They are divided into Three Parts; each Part being published and sold separately ; viz.

Vols. 1 and 2. Containing the Life.
Vols. 3 and 4.

Private Correspondence.
Vols. 5 and 6.

Select Works, most of which are now published for the first time.

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