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circumstances to be exposed to it. Thus, as it is always fair weather in our parlors, it is at Paris always peace. The people pursue their respective occupations; the playhouses, the opera, and other public diversions, are as regularly and fully attended, as in times of profoundest tranquillity, and the same small concerns divide us into parties. Within these few weeks we are for or against Jeannot, a new actor. This man's performance, and the marriage of the Duke de Richelieu, fills up much more of our present conversation than any thing that relates to the war. A demonstration this of the public felicity!

My grandson joins with me in best wishes for your health and prosperity. He is much flattered by your kind remembrance of him. We desire also that M. de Marbois' would accept our assurance of esteem. I have the honor to be with the greatest respect, Sir, Yours, &c.


F. HOPKINSON, Esg. Philadelphia. Political Syuibs.-Dr. Ingenhausz's Experiments on the

leaves of trees.-A new telescope for ascertaining dis



Passy, March 16, 1780. I thank you for your political Squibs : they are well made. I am glad to find you have such plenty of good powder

You propose that Kill-pig, the butcher, should operate upon himself. You will find some thoughts on that subject in a little piece called “ A merry Song about Murder,” in a London newspaper I send herewith.

Secretary of the French Legation in the United States.


The greatest discovery made in Europe for some time past is that of Dr. Ingenhatsz's relating to the great use of the leaves of trees in producing wholesome air; I would send you his book if I had it. A new instrument is lately invented here, a kind of telescope, which by means of Iceland crystal'occasions the double appearance of an object, and the two appearances being farther distant from each other in proportion to the distance of the object from the eye, by moving an index on a graduated line till the two appearances coincide, you find on the line the real distance of the object. I am not enough master of this instrument to describe it accurately, having seen it but once; but it is very ingeniously contrived.

Remember me respectfully to your mother and sisters, and believe me ever, my dear friend,

yours most affectionately, B. FRANKLIN.

To Dr. Bond, Philadelphia.

Letter of Friendship. DEAR SIR,

Passy, March 16, 1780. I received your kind letter of September the 22d, and I thank you for the pleasing account you give me of the health and welfare of my old friends, Hugh Roberts, Luke Morris, Philip Syng, Samuel Rhoades, &c. with the same of yourself and family. Shake the old ones by the hand for me, and give the young ones my blessing. For my own part, I do not find that I grow any older. Being arrived at 70, and considering that by travelling further in the same road 1 should probably be led to the grave, I stopped short, turned about, and walked back again ; which having done these four

By the Abbé Rochon, of the French Academy of Sciences.

years, you may now call me 66. Advise those old friends of ours to follow my example; keep up your spirits and that will keep up your bodies ; you will no more stoop under the weight of age thai if you had swallowed a handspike. But it is right to abate a little in the article of labor; and therefore as your demonstrations of midwifery “ are useful, and it is a pity you should give them up, for want of subjects in the lying-in wards," I advise you to get some of your young pupils to help you.

I am glad the Philosophical Society' made that compliment to Mr. Gerard. I wish they would do the same to Mr. Feutry, a worthy gentleman bere; and to Dr. Ingenbausz, who has made some great discoveries lately respecting the leaves of trees in improving air for the use of animals : he will send you his book. He is physician to the empress queen. I have not yet seen your piece on inoculation.

Remember me respectfully and affectionately to Mrs. Bond, your children, and all friends. I am ever, yours,

B. FRANKLIN. P.S. I have bought some valuable books which I intend to present to the society; but shall not send them till safer times.

To Dr. COOPER, Boston. Relative to his grandson.--The alliance with France, &c. Dear Sir,

Passy, March 16, 1780. I received your kind favor by Captain Chavagnes, which I communicated to the minister of marine, who was much pleased with the character you give of the captain. I have also yours of Nov. 12, by your grandson, who appears a very promising lad, in whom I think you will have much

Formerly Minister from France to the United States.

satisfaction. He is in a boarding-school just by me, and was well last Sunday, when I had the pleasure of his company to dinner with Mr. Adam's sons and some other young Americaps. He will soon acquire the language; and if God spares his life, may make a very serviceable man to his country.

It gives me infinite satisfaction to find that with you the wisest and best among our people, are so hearty in endeavoring to strengthen the alliance. We certainly owe much to this nation ; and we shall obtain much more, if the same prudent conduct towards them continues, for they really and strongly wish our prosperity, and will promote it by every means in their power.

But we should at the same time do as much as possible for ourselves, and not ride (as we say) a free horse to death. There are some Americans returning hence, with whom our people should be upon their guard; as carrying with them a spirit of enmity to this country. Not being liked here themselves, they dislike the people ; for the same reason, indeed, they ought to dislike all that know them.

With the sincerest respect and esteem, I am ever, my dear friend, Yours most affectionately,



To C. GRIFFIN, Esq. Sir,

Passy, March 16, 1780. I have just received the letter you have done me the honor to write to me, and shall immediately deliver the packet it recommends to my care. I will take the first opportunity of mentioning to Mr. Gerard what you hint, relative to our not entertaining strangers so frequently and liberally, as is the custom in France. But he has travelled in Europe, and knows that modes of nations differ. The French are convivial, live much at one another's tables, and are glad to feast travellers. In Italy and Spain a stranger, however re



commended; rarely dines at the house of any gentleman, but lives at his inn. The Americans hold a medium. I have the honor to be, &c.


To W. CARMICHAEL, Esg.' Madrid. Sir J. Dalrymple.-The Marquis de La Fayette.- Report

of the Siege of Charlestown ruised. Riots in London.-The Ephemera, DEAR SIR,

Passy, June 17, 1780. Your favors of the 22d past came duly to hand. Sir J. Dalrymple has been here some time, but I hear nothing of his political operations. The learned talk of the discovery he has made in the Escurial Library, of forty epistles of Brutus, a missing part of Tacitus, and a piece of Seneca, that have never yet been printed, which excite much curiosity.” He has not been with me, and I am told by one of his friends, that though he wished to see me, he did not think it prudent. So I suppose I shall have no communicaţion with him; for I shall not seek it. As Count de Vergennes has mentioned nothing to me of any memorial from him, I suppose he bas not presented it,-perhaps discouraged by the reception it met with in Spain.--So I wish, for curiosity's sake, you would send me a copy of it.

The Marquis de La Fayette arrived safely at Boston the

Secretary of the American Legation. ? Mr. Carmichael, in answer to this part of Dr. Franklin's letter, says,-“ I have been assured by Count Campomanes, the Abbé Gavara and his brother (both academicians), that no such manuscripts exist in the library of the Escurial, as those mentioned by Sir John Dalrymple.

3 See Sir J. D.'s Anecdote Historique. Part III. of Private Correspondence. SUPPLEMENT,

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