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favor, lest adversaries should take advantage and charge it upon them as a betraying the interests of this nation. In this state of things no endeavor of mine, or our other friends here, "to obtain a repeal of the acts so oppressive to the colonists, or the orders of the crown so destructive of the charter rights of our province in particular," can expect a sudden success. By degrees, and a judicious improvement of events, we may work a change in minds and measures, but otherwise such great alterations are hardly to be looked for.
I am thankful to the house for their kind attention in repeating their grant to me of six hundred pounds. Whether the instruction restraining the governor's assent is withdrawn or not, or is likely to be, I cannot tell, having never solicited, or even once mentioned it to Lord Dartmouth, being resolved to owe no obligation to the favor of any minister. If, from a sense of right, that instruction should be recalled, and the general principle on which it was founded is given up, all will be very well: but you can never think it worth while to employ an agent here, if bis being paid or not is to depend on the breath of a minister; and I should think it a situation too suspicious, and therefore too dishonorable, for me to remain in a single hour. Living frugally, I am under so immediate necessity; and, if I serve my constituents faithfully, though it should be unsuccessfully, I am confident they will always have it in their inclination, and some time or other in their power, to make their grants effectual.
A gentleman of your province, Captain Calef, is come hither as an agent for some of the eastern townships, to obtain a confirmation of their lands. Sir Francis Bernard seems inclined to make use of this person's application for promoting a separation of that country from your province, and making it a distinct government; to which purpose be
".' To The Rev. Dr. Mather, Boston. Remarks on the proceedings against America.
Reverend Sir, London, July 7, 1773.
The remarks you have added, on the late proceedings against America, are very just and judicious; and 1 cannot see any impropriety in your making them, though a minister of the gospel. This kingdom is a good deal indebted for its liberties to the public spirit of its ancient clergy, who joined with the barons in obtaining Magna Charta, and joined heartily in forming the curses of excommunication against the infringers of it. There is no doubt but the claim of parliament, of authority to make laws binding on the colonies in nil cases whatsoever, includes an authority to.change our religious constitution, and establish Popery Dr Mahometanism, if they please, in its stead; but, as you intimate, power does not infer right; and as the right is nothing, and the power (by our increase) continually diminishing, the one will soon be as insignificant as the other. You seem only to have made a small mistake in supposing they modestly avoided to declare they had a right, the words of the act being "that they have, and of right ought to have, full power," &c. ''. .: , "•
Your suspicion that sundry others besides Governor Bernard "had written hither their opinions and counsels, encouraging the late measures to the prejudice of our country, which have been too much heeded and followed," is, I apprehend, but too well founded. You call them "traitorous individuals," whence I collect, that you suppose them of our own country. There was among the twelve apostles one traitor who betrayed with a kiss. It should be no wonder, therefore, if among so many thousand true patriots as New England contains, there should be found even twelve Judases, ready to betray their country for a few paltry pieces of silver. Their ends, as well as their views, ought to be similar. But all the oppressions evidently work for our good. Providence seems by every means intent on making us a great people. May our virtues, public and private, grow with us, and be durable, that liberty, civil and religious, may be secured to our posterity, and to all, from every part of the world, that take refuge among us! "••u!llf
With great esteem, and my best wishes for a long conti; nuance of your usefulness, I am, reverend sir, your most obedient humble servant,
|.., ... ■ ...; !i•.:. . .':. . B. Fkankliiw'w
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fiB ■.', ,,., To Dr. Cooper, Boston. . , ., ,. • > Governor Hutchinson—His letters, fyc. .tWfian
Dear Sir, 'London, July 7, 1773.' *
- I received your very valuable favors of March 15,'
and'April'23. It rejoices me to find your health so far
restored that your friends can again be benefited by your
The governor was certainly out in his politics, if be hopetf to recommend himself there by entering upon that dispute with the assembly. His imprudence in bringing it at all upon the tapis, and his bad management of it, are almost equally censured. The council and assembly on the other hand have, by the coolness, clearness, and force of their answers, gained great reputation.
The unanimity of our towns in their sentiments of liberty', gives me great pleasure, as it shows the generally enlightened state of our people's minds, and the falsehood of the opinion inuch cultivated here by the partisans of arbitrary power in America, that only a small faction among us were discontented with the late measures. If that unanimity can be discovered in all the colonies, it will give much greater weight to our future remonstrances. I heartily wish with you, that some line could be drawn, some bill of rights established for America, that might secure peace between the two countries, so necessary for the prosperity of both. But I think little attention is like to be afforded by our ministers to that salutary work till the breach becomes greater and more alarming, and then the difficulty of repairing it will be greater in a tenfold proportion.
You mention the surprise of gentlemen to whom those letters * have been communicated, at the restrictions with which they were accompanied, and which they suppose render them incapable of answering any important end. One great reason of forbidding their publication, was an apprehension that it might put all the possessors of such correspondence here upon their guard, and so prevent the obtaining more of it. And it was imagined that showing the originals to so many as were named, and to a few such others as they might think fit, would be sufficient to establish the authenticity, and to spread through the province so just an estimation of the writers, as to strip them of all their deluded friends, and demolish effectually their interest and influence. The letters might be shown even to some of the governor's and lieutenant-governor's partizans, and spoken of to every body; for there was no restraint proposed to talking of them, but only to copying. However, the terms given with them could only be those with which they were received; ;. . . .•.■*. „.»d''
The great defect here is in all sorts of people a want of attention to what passes in such remote countries as America, . an unwillingness to read any thing about them if it
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! Governor Hutchinson's.