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should desire is, that you would always be equally ready to serve any other person that may need your assistance, and so let good offices go round; for mankind are all of a family. . an For my own part, wheu I am employed in serving others, I do not look upon myself as conferring favors, but as paying debts. In my travels, and since my settlement, I have received much kindness from men, to whom I shall never have any opportunity of making the least direct return; and number: less mercies from God, who is infinitely above being benefited by our services. Those kindnesses from men I can therefore only return on their fellow-men, and I can only shew my gratitude for these mercies from God, by a readiness to help his other children, and my brethren. For I do not think that thanks and compliments, though repeated weekly, can discharge our real obligations to each other, and much less those to our Creator. You will see in this my notion of good works, that I am far from expecting to merit heaven by them.
By heaven we understand a state of happiness, infinite in degree, and eternal in duration : I can do nothing to deserve such rewards. He that for giving a draught of water to a thirsty person, should expect to be paid with a good plantation, would be modest in his demands, compared with those who think they deserve heaven for the little good they do on earth. Even the mixed imperfect pleasures we enjoy in this . world, are rather from God's goodness than our merit: how much more such happiness of heaven! For my part, I have not the yanity to think I deserve it, the folly to expect it, nor the ambition to desire it; but content myself in submitting to the will and disposal of that God who made me, who has hitherto preserved and blessed me, and in whose fatherly goodness I may well confide, that he will never make me miserable; and that even the afflictions I may at any time suffer, shall tend to my benefit.
- The faith you mention has certainly its use in the world I do not desire to see it dininished, ncr would I endeavor to lessen it in any man.
But I wish it were more productive of good works than I have generally seen it: I mean real good works; works of kindness, charity, mercy, and public spirit; not holiday-keeping, sermon-reading, or hearing; performing church ceremonies, or making long prayers, filled with flatteries and compliments, despised even by wise men, and much less capable of pleasing the Deity. The worship of God is a duty; the hearing and reading of sermons may be useful; but if men 'rest in hearing and praying, as too many do, it is as if a tree should value itself on being watered and putting forth leaves, though it never produced any fruit:
Your great Master thought much less of these outward appearances and professions than many of his modern disciples." "He preferred the doers of the word to the mére hearers; the son that seemingly refused to obey his father, and yet performed his commands, to him that professed his readiness but neglected the work; the heretical but charitable Samaritan, to the uncharitable though orthodox priest, and sanctified Levite; and those who gave food to the hungrý, drink to the thirsty, raiment to the naked, entertainment to the stranger, and relief to the sick, though they never heard of his name,' he declares shall in the last day be accepted ; when those who cry Lord! Lord! who" value themselves - upon their faith, though great enough to performi miracles, but have neglected good works, shall be rejected. ' He pró'fessed that he came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance; which implied his 'modest opinion that there were some w his time who thought themselves so good, that they need not hear even him for improvement; but now-adays we have scarce a little parson that does not think it the duty of every man within his reach to sit under his petty
řínistrations; and that whoever omits them offends God. I wish to such more humility, and to you health and happiness; being Your friend and servant,
To Miss Stevenson, AT WANSTEAD.
Advice in Reading.
Craven Street, May 16, 1760. I send my good girl the books I mentioned to her last night. I beg her to accept of them as a small mark of my esteem and friendship. They are written in the familiar easy manner for which the French are so remarkable; and afford a good deal of philosophic and practical knowledge unembarrassed with the dry mathematics, used by more exact reasoners, but which is apt to discourage young beginners.
I would advise you to read with a pen in your hand, and enter in a little book short hints of what you find that is curious, or that may be useful; for this will be the best method of imprinting such particulars in your memory, where they will be ready, either for practice on some future occasion, if they are matters of utility, or at least to adorn and improve. your conversation, if they are rather points of curiosity. And as many of the terms of science are such as you cannot have met within your common reading, and may therefore be unacquainted with, I think it would be well for you to have a good dictionary at hand, to consult immediately when you meet with a word you do not comprehend the precise meaning of. This may at first seem troublesome and interrupting; but it is a trouble that will daily diminish, as you will daily find less and less occasion for your dictionary, as you become more acquainted with the terms; and in the mean time you will read with more satisfaction, because with more under
standing. When any point occurs, in which you would be glad to have farther information than your book affords you, I beg you would not in the least apprehend, that I should think it a trouble to receive and answer your questions. It will be a pleasure, and no trouble. For though I may not be able, out of my own little stock of knowledge, to afford you
what you require, I can easily direct you to the books where it may most readily be found. Adieu, and believe me ever, my dear friend, Yours affectionately,
To John Baskerville.' (The Printer.) DEAR SIR,
Craven Street, London, 1760. Let me give you a pleasant instance of the prejudice some have entertained against your work. Soon after I returned, discoursing with a gentleman concerning the artists of Birmingham, he said you would be a means of blinding all the readers in the nation; for the strokes of your letters 'being too thin and narrow, hurt the eye, and he could never read a line of them without pain. I thought, said I, you
11. JOHN BASKERVILLE, the celebrated type-founder and printer, was born in 1706, at Wolverley, in the county of Worcester. Having a small estate of about sixty pounds a-year, he was not bred to any proféssion; but in 1726 he became a schoolmaster'at Birmingham, which he continued many years. Afterwards he entered upon the japanning business, which succeeded so well as to enable him to purchase a country-house and set up his carriage; each pannel of which was a distinct picture, and the whole might be considered as a pattern-card of his trade. In 1750 he began business as a type-founder, on which he spent many hundreds before he could produce a letter to please himself. By perseverance he overcame all obstacles, and in 1756' published an edition of Virgil in quarto, which was followed by Paradise Lost, the Bible, Common Prayer, and several other works. In
were going to complain of the gloss of the paper, some object to. : “ No, no," said he, “ I have heard that mentioned, but it is not that; it is in the form and cut of the letters them selves : they have not that beight and thickness of the stroke, which makes the common printing so much the more comfortable to the eye.”—You see this gentleman was a connoisseur. In vain | endeavored to support your character against the charge : he knew what he felt, and could see the reason of it, and several other gentlemen among his friends had made the same observation, &c. Yesterday he called to visit me, when, mischievously bent to try his judgment, I stepped into my closet, tore off the top of Mr. Caslon's? specimen, and produced it to him as yours, brought with me from Birmingham, saying I had been exanining it since he spoke to me, and could not for my life perceive the dispro, portion he mentioned, desiring hiin to point it out to me. He readily undertook it, and went over the several founts, showing me everywhere what he thought instances of that disproportion ; and declared, that he could not then Ieud, the specimen without feeling very strongly the pain be had mentioned to me. I spared him that time, the confusion of being told, that these were the types he had been reading all his life with so much ease to his eyes; the types bis adored Newton is printed with, on which he has pored not a little ; nay, the very types his own book is printed with ; (for he is
1765 be applied to Dr. Franklin, then ai Paris, to sound the literati there respecting the purchase of his types, but the proposal was not accepted. They were many years after purchased by the celebrated M. De Beaumarchais; and employed in the printing his edition of the work of Voltaire. Baskerville died at Birminghamn, in 1773; and as he had an aversion to church-yards, he was by his own direczion buried in a mausoleuin erected on his own grounds.
An eminent type-engraver and letter-founder in London.