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wrong by reasoning with them : and I think we are daily more and more enlightened; so that I have no doubt of our obtaining in a few years as much public felicity as good government is capable of affording. Your newspapers are filled with fictitious accounts of anarchy, confusion, distresses and miseries we are supposed to be involved in, as consequences of the revolution; and the few remaining friends of the old government among us take pains to magnify every little inconvenience a change in the course of commerce may have occasioned. To obviate the complaints they endeavor to excite, was written the enclosed little piece,' from which you may form a truer idea of our situation than your own public prints would give you : and I can assure you that the great body of our nation find themselves happy in the change, and have not the smallest inclination to return to the domination of Britain. There could not be a stronger proof of the gene ral approbation of the measures that promoted the change, and of the change itself, than has been given by the assembly and council of this state, in the nearly unanimous choice for their governor, of one who had been so much concerned in those measures; the assembly being themselves the unbribed choice of the people, and therefore may be truly supposed of the same sentiments. I say nearly unanimous, because of between 70 and 80 votes, there were only my own and one other in the negative.

As to my domestic circumstances, of which you kindly desire to hear something, they are at present as happy as I could wish them. I am surrounded by my offspring, a dutiful and affectionate daughter in my house, with six grandchildren, the eldest of which you have seen, who is now, at college in the next street, finishing the learned part of his education ; the others promising both for parts and good dis

Uncertain what piece is alluded to.

positions. What their conduct may be when they grow up andi enter the important scenes of life, I shall not live to see, and I cannot foresee. I therefore enjoy among them the present hour, and leave the future to Providence. i : htJy 6. He that raises a large family does indeed, while he lives to observe them, stand, as Watts says, a broader mark for sorrow; but then he stands a broader nark for pleasure too. When we launch our little fleet of barks into the ocean, bound to different ports, we hope for each a prosperous voyage; but contrary winds, hidden shoals, storms and enemies, come in for a share in the disposition of events; and though these occasion a mixture of disappointment, yet considering the risk where we can make no insurance, we should think ounselves happy if some return with success. My son's son, (Temple Franklin) whom you have also seen, having had a fine farm of 600 acres conveyed to him by his father when we were at Southampton, has dropped for the present his views of acting in the political line, and applies himself ardently to the study and practice of agriculture. This is much more agreeable to me, who esteem it the most useful, the most independent; and therefore the noblest of employments. His lands are on navigable water, communicating with the Delaware, and but about sixteen miles from this city.. Ile has associated to himself a very skilful English farmer Jately arrived here, who is to instruct him in the business, and partakes for a term of the profits ; so that there is a great apparent probability of their success. You will kindly expect a word or two concerning myself. My health and spirits continue, thanks to God, as when you saw me. The only com. plaint I then had does not grow worse, and is tolerable.' 1 still have enjoyment in the company of my friends; and being easy in my circumstances, haye many reasons to like living. But the course of nature must soon put a period to

my présent mode of existence.' This I shall submit to with less regret, as, having seen during a long life a good deal of this world, I feel a growing curiosity to be acquainted with some other; and can cheerfully with flial confidence resigy my spirit to the conduct of that great and good parent of mankind who created it, and who has so graciously protected and prospered me from my birth to the present hour. Wherever I am, I hope always to retain the pleasing semembrance of your friendship; being with sincere and great esteem, my dear friend, yours most affectionately,

B. FRANKLIN, We all join in respects to Mrs. Shipley, and best wishes for the whole amiable family.


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On the florishing state of AmericaThe Cardinal de

Rohan, 8c. &c.

Philadelphia, March 16, 1786. MY DEAR FRIEND,

and received and read with great pleasure your kind letter of October 9. It informed me of your welfare, and that of the best of good women, and of her amiable daughter, who I think will tread in her steps. 1. My effects came all in the same ship, in good order; and we are now drinking every day les eaux epurées de Passy with great satisfaction, as they kept well, and seem to be rendered more agreeable by the long voyage. I am here in the bodom of my family, and am not only happy myself, but have the felicity of seeing my country so. Be assured that all the stories spread in the English papers of our distresses, and confusions, and discontents with our new governments, are as chimerical as the his. tory of my being in chains at Algiers. They exist only in

the wishes of our enemies. America niever was in higher prosperity, her produce aburidant and bearing a good price, her working people all enployed and well paid, and all property in lands and houses of more than treble the value it bore before the war; and our comnjeree being no longer the monopoly of British merchants, we are furnished with all the foreign commodities we need, at much more reasonable rates than heretofore. So that we have no doubt of being able to discharge more speedily the debt incurred by the war than at first was apprehended. Our modes of collecting taxes are indeed as yet imperfect, and we have need of more skill in financiering; but we improve in that kind of knowledge daily by experience. That our people are contented with the revolution, with their new constitutions, and their foreign connexions, nothing can afford a stronger proof than the universally cordial and joyous reception with which they welcomed the return of one that was supposed to have had a considerable share in promoting them. All this is in answer to that part of your letter in which you seem to have been too much impressed with some of the ideas which those lying English papers endeavor to inculcate concerning us.

I am astonished by what you write concerning the Prince Evéque. 'If the charges against him are made good, it will be another instance of the truth of those proverbs which teach us, that prodigality begets necessity; that without economy no revenue is sufficient; and that it is hard for an enipty sack to stand upright

But pin 47.41 I am glad to hear of the marriage of Miss Brillon, for every thing that may contribute to the happiness of that be loved family gives me pleasure. Be pleased to offer them my felicitations, and assure them of my best wishes shorteni

The Cardinal de Roban.97€ me po

His good

Will you also be so good as to present my respectful compliments to Madame la Duchesse d'Enville, and to M. le Duc de la Rochefoucault? You may communicate the political part of this letter to that:excellent man. heart will rejoice to hear of the welfare of America.. w I made no progress when at sea in the history you mention :" but I was not idle there, having written three pieces, each of some length: one on nautical matters ; another on chimnies ; and a third a description of my vase for consuming smoke, with directions for using it. These are all now printing in the Transactions of our Philosophical Society, of which I hope soon to send you a copy. My grandsons present their compliments. The eldest is very busy in preparing for a country life, being to enter upon his farm the 25th instant. It consists of about 600 acres, bounding on navigable water, 16 miles from Philadelphial The youngest is at college, very diligent in his studies. You know my situation, involved in publie cares, but they canw not make me forget that you and I love one another, and that I am ever, my dear friend, yours most affectionately, s'anir af


) Hi, To MRS. HEWson, LONDON.o 10

215941 iN Various matter.

bobs MY DEAR FRIEND, 1,7 Philadelphia, May 6, 1786.

A long winter has passed and I have not had the pleasure of a line from you, acquainting me with your and your children's welfare, since I left England. I suppose you have been in Yorkshire .out of the way and knowledge of

Dr. Iranklin's Memoirs of his Life.

"}", odmans ? See Writings, Part IV. Papers on Philosophical Subjects: dik bir

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