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30

esse, quod hic quisquis de meliore nota frigida deserto tepefactat membra cubili,

id, Mani, non est turpe, magis miserumst. ignosces igitur, si, quae mihi luctus ademit,

haec tibi non tribuo munera, cum nequeo. nam quod scriptorum non magna est copia apud me,

hoc fit quod Romae vivimus: illa domus, illa mihi sedes, illic mea carpitur aetas :

35

huc una ex multis capsula me sequitur.
quod cum ita sit, nolim statuas nos mente maligna

28. quisquis V quivis Lachmann. 29. tepefactat altered from tepefacit RM tepefacit V tepefaxit Lachmann tepefactet Bergk. 30. Mani Lachmann mali VRM mauli or malli Dw.

28. hic: i.e. Rome, whence as to prevent me from complying Allius wrote. quisquis : appar

with

your request. ently used for quisque without est; 31. ignosces: mild command. cf. Cic. Ad Fam. 6, 1, 1: quocum

32. haec .

munera: the love que in loco quisquis est; Tusc. poetry. — cum: a good illustration Disp. 5, 34, 98; also the legal of the narrow line dividing the phrase, quod quemquam hac lege temporal from the causal. Perprofiterei oportebit, which Lach haps both ideas were in the mind mann quotes on Lucr. 5, 264, from

of the poet. the Lex Iulia Municipalis, 13. – 33. nam anticipates the quesmeliore nota: Clodia and her tion why Catullus cannot comply various paramours belonged to an with the first part of the request aristocratic circle of society. in v. 10, i.e. send him some books

29. deserto : i.e. by Catullus of poetry (scriptorum), not neceswhen he went to Verona. tepe sarily erotic; perhaps translations factat: this expressive frequenta from Callimachus, like No. 66, tive form is a áraš leyóuevov, perhaps of a different character. as is one other of the two dozen 34. vivimus : here in Verona I frequentatives used by Catullus, am merely temporarily managing trusantem (56, 6). But the pres to exist; real life, with all that ent instance, it should be noted, makes it worth living, is only at is a quotation from Allius.

Rome, for me. 30. magis : cf. 66, 87, n. 36. huc: to Verona.--capsula : miserumst: i.e. a reason to pity for books. — sequitur secuta est. me, a further cause for such sorrow 37. statuas : .conclude.'

40

id facere aut animo non satis ingenuo, quod tibi non utriusque petenti copia postast :

ultro ego deferrem, copia siqua foret.
non possum reticere, deae, qua me Allius in re

iuverit aut quantis iuverit officiis,
ne fugiens saeclis obliviscentibus aetas

illius hoc caeca nocte tegat studium,
sed dicam vobis, vos porro dicite multis

milibus et facite haec charta loquatur anus

45

*

notescatque magis mortuus atque magis, nec tenuem texens sublimis aranea telam

39. posta VRM facta Dw.

41. No gap before this v. in VRM. qua me Allius Scaliger quam fallius VRM.

IO. —

39. non utriusque=neutrius, re as in this poem, where Catullus ferring to the two requests of v. really sings of the former delights

- postast: although the only of his association with Lesbia, example of this verb with copia, partly in direct manner, and partly it seems (to say nothing of its by indirection through the paralMs. authority) to express better lel of Laodamia. — deae Musae. than the more usual facta the 42. iuverit . . . iuverit: note thought of offering, or setting be the emphatic repetition. fore Allius, a choice of what was 43. obliviscentibus : poetically desirable; and the origin of posta used with causative force. as a false reading is very hard to 44. caeca : active. nocte = explain.

caligine. 41. non possum :

45. porro: “in turn.' (v. 32); though he cannot accede 46. anus : when old' (and to either request of Allius for presumably garrulous, a quality mally, he cannot refrain from writ which may have been further ing the praises of Allius himself. elaborated in the following missConventionalities prevent certain ing verse). With this adjectival things for people in mourning; use cf. 77, 10: qui sis fama loquebut the phenomenon of eluding tur anus ; 9,4: anumque matrem; these restrictions and allowing Mart. 12, 4, 4: chartaque dicet anus. Nature to assert herself under other 48. notescat: one of several forms is a familiar one in all times, inceptives that appear first in Cat.

cf. nequeo

50

55

in deserto Alli nomine opus faciat. nam mihi

quam dederit duplex Amathusia curam scitis, et in quo me corruerit genere, cum tantum arderem quantum Trinacria rupes

lymphaque in Oetaeis Malia Thermopylis, maesta neque adsiduo tabescere lumina fletu

cessarent tristique imbre madere genae,
qualis in aerii perlucens vertice montis

rivus muscoso prosilit e lapide,
qui cum de prona praeceps est valle volutus,

per medium densi transit iter populi,
dulce viatori lasso in sudore levamen,

60

50. Alli 0 ali GR alii M.

54. Malia w Maulia VRM Manlia D.

The subj., of course, is Allius. magis . atque magis : Catullus employs also the shorter magis magis in 38, 3 and 64, 274.

50. deserto ... nomine: the picture is that of an inscription neglected and forgotten. Ellis cites Shakespeare, Sonnets, 55, 4: “unswept stone, besmear’d with sluttish time.”

51. duplex Amathusia : the two-phased goddess of Amathus '; cf. v. 18. At Amathus was one of the celebrated Cyprian temples of Aphrodite. The supposed reference here to a Hermaphroditic statue of the goddess is probably due to the learned imagination of the commentators.

52. genere : manner.'

53. Trinacria rupes: Aetna, the ever-active volcano.

54. lympha: the hot springs at Thermopylae, on one side of

which is Mt. Oeta, and on the other, the Malian gulf.

56. imbre: “flood' of tears.

57. qualis: points of likeness in the simile are the high, clear, and beautiful source of the stream, its crystal purity, and its sudden burst into full flow. To these we may possibly add the relief afforded by it to the wayfarer through the weary wastes of burning passion; but vv. 59-62 seem rather the mere natural rounding out of a beautiful description of natural scenery without special significance, , the poet being himself carried on by the force of his own rhetoric, like his mountain brooklet. Cf. also Howe, p. 12.

58. muscoso : this descriptive word goes further to paint the picture than any other. Cf. Verg. Ec. 7, 45: muscosi fontes.

59. prona praeceps : cf. 65, 23, n.

65

cum gravis exustos aestus hiulcat agros.
hic, velut in nigro iactatis turbine nautis

lenius adspirans aura secunda venit
iam prece Pollucis, iam Castoris inplorata,

tale fuit nobis Allius auxilium.
is clausum lato patefecit limite campum,

isque domum nobis, isque dedit dominam,
ad quam communes exerceremus amores.

quo mea se molli candida diva pede intulit et trito fulgentem in limine plantam

innixa arguta constituit solea,

70

66. Allius (in the margin Manllius) O Manlius GRM Mallius altered from Manlius D Manius Lachmann. 67. clausum 0 classum GM claussum w. 68. dominam VM dominae Froelich.

of v. 53:

aura.

62. Cf. Sall. Iug. 19, 6: loca ex 69. ad = apud.— quam: i.e. dousta solis ardoribus.

mum, the previous clause being 63. hic refers back to the cum parenthetical.— communes : "mu

tual'; cf. Lucr. 4, 1195 : communia 65. Pollucis . . . Castoris : obj. gaudia ; 1208: est communi' gen., like the more natural preca- voluptas. -exerceremus : "enjoy.' tionibus deorum dearumque (Livy, 70. diva: cf. Shak. T. G. of 1, Praef. 13); Prop. 4, 1, 101. Ver. 2, 4, 147 : inplorata agrees, probably, with “She is an earthly paragon, – Cf. Prop. I, 17, 18, n.

Call her divine." 66. nobis mihi ; so also in v. Mids. Night's Dream, 3, 2, 226:68.

“To call me goddess, nymph, di67. limite: the

by

vine and rare, which Catullus gained access to Precious, celestial.” his love ; a kind of cross-lots' 71. trito: cf. v. 115. — fulgenroute, upon which might well tem : the hyperbole of enthusiasm, have been inscribed,“ private way, instead of nitidus, which is the dangerous passing.”

usual equivalent of the Homeric 68. dominam : “the lady of the epithet λιπαροί (πόδες); cf. Ι. 2, house,' who would supposably act 44. as chaperon and lend the air of pro 72. arguta ... solea : the modpriety to the meeting. What house ern poet would be more likely to and what lady, whether Allius's apply the epithet to a silk skirt wife or not, we are not informed. worn by his divinity.

means

4 +

75

coniugis ut quondam flagrans advenit amore

Protesilaeam Laodamia domum
inceptam frustra, nondum cum sanguine sacro

hostia caelestis pacificasset eros.
nil mihi tam valde placeat, Rhamnusia virgo,

quod temere invitis suscipiatur eris.
quam ieiuna pium desideret ara cruorem,

docta est amisso Laodamia viro,
coniugis ante coacta novi dimittere collum,

quam veniens una atque altera rursus hiems
noctibus in longis avidum saturasset amorem,

posset ut abrupto vivere coniugio,
quod scibant Parcae non longo tempore abisse,

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80

4

85

85. scibant VM sceibant D scibat Lachmann scirant Lucian Mueller.

74. Laodamia : in extent and 76. hostia ... pacificasset: just detail this episode is worthy of the what sacrifice was omitted is not poet's Alexandrian models, and clear; but it seems to have been is paralleled in Catullus only by one that should have preceded the Ariadne episode in No. 64. the beginning of a new house by Laodamia is a type of intense and Protesilaus, an important underconstant conjugal affection. When taking which should not have her newly wedded spouse, Protes lacked preliminary divine apilaus, the first of the Greeks to proval. eros : this unusual desigperish on the plain of Troy, was nation for the gods is repeated in permitted to return for three brief v. 78. hours to earth, she committed 77. Rhamnusia virgo: cf. 66, suicide that she might accompany

71, n. him on his final journey to the 78. quod = ut id. — invitis ... lower world. For various forms eris : cf. 76, 12. and details of the myth cf. Hom. 79. ieiuna: cf. Prop. 3, 15, 18: Il. 2, 695-710 ; Eurip. Protesi vilem ieiunae saepe negavit laus; Hygin. Fab. 103; Ovid, aquam.

82. Cf. Intr. $ 42, I (5) (a). 75. inceptam frustra : because 84. vivere : bear to live.' never finished, either literally or 85. quod : coniugio. --- scibant: figuratively; cf. I. 2, 701: kai the regular early form in this conδόμος ημιτελής. .

jugation, but later supplanted by

Her. 13.

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