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abstineas, Mors atra, precor : non hic mihi mater

quae legat in maestos ossa perusta sinus,
non soror, Assyrios cineri quae dedat odores

et feat effusis ante sepulcra comis,
Delia non usquam ; quae me cum mitteret urbe,

dicitur ante omnes consuluisse deos.
illa sacras pueri sortes ter sustulit, illi

rettulit e trinis omina certa puer.
cuncta dabant reditus : tamen est deterrita numquam,


12. trinis Muretus triviis 0. omina over an erasure A omnia Y, apparently V.

5. For the repetition cf. I, I, 11. pueri sortes : little tablets 43, n.

Similar chiastic repetition of wood or bronze which would be in Ovid, Ex P. 1, 2, 58.

non hic:

managed by a puer sortilegus; cf. Ovid, Trist. 1, 2, 53: est ali- they were inscribed with some quid ... mandare suis aliqua et sentiment and drawn one at a time, sperare sepulcrum.

as a method of divination. All 6. For the details of the os- sorts of fortune tellers, astrologers, silegium, which it was the duty of and soothsayers flourished at the nearest relative to perform, cf. Rome, plying their trade especially 3, 2, 9-26 and nn.

in certain quarters of the city ; cf. 7. Assyrios = Syrios, by a com- Hor. Sat. I, 6, 113: fallacem mon confusion due partly to the circum vespertinumque pererro similarity in sound, and partly saepe forum; adsisto divinis; Cic. to the haziness of geographical

De Div. 2, 41.

ter: to make the knowledge at Rome. All the matter sure. products of the East were fre- 12. rettulit: “interpreted.' quently called Syrios, because trinis : referring to ter in v. II; shipped to Rome from Antioch, the word is not a distributive here. or other Syrian ports. So - Port 13. cuncta : referring not only wine from Oporto; see Taylor, to omina in the preceding verse, but Words and Places, p. 282; cf. Cat. also to the omina implied in v. 10. 68, 144; Prop. 2, 13, 30. — dedat: - dabant: • foretold.' reditus : devote.'

the plural refers to the repeated 8. sepulcra : poetic plural. instances where a safe return was

9. cum mitteret: with conative prophesied ; cf. I, I, 4, n; Ovid, force: “when she was trying to Fast. 1, 279: ut populo reditus make up her mind to let me go.' pateant ad bella profecto.




quin fleret nostras respiceretque vias.
ipse ego solator, cum iam mandata dedissem,

quaerebam tardas anxius usque moras;
aut ego sum causatus aves aut omina dira,

Saturnive sacram me tenuisse diem.
o quotiens ingressus iter mihi tristia dixi

offensum in porta signa dedisse pedem!
audeat invito nequis discedere Amore,

aut sciat egressum se prohibente deo.
quid tua nunc Isis mihi, Delia, quid mihi prosunt


14. respiceretque o respueretque w despueretque Haupt. 17. aves aut w aves dant 0.

18. Saturnive accepted by Broukhusius from a certain scholar Saturni 0. 22. sciat 0 sciet Doering.

Vol. 32

15. solator : the appositive is Vol. 79 (1897), p. 81; Ovid, A. here equivalent to a concessive A. 1, 415: quaque die redeunt reclause: though I tried to console bus minus apta gerendis culta Palher'; cf. Madv. 220. - mandata : aestino septima festa Syro; Rem. ‘parting injunctions'; cf. Ovid, Am. 219; Hor. Sat. 1, 9, 69. Trist. 1, 3, 59.

să cram: Tibullus's rule in regard 16. tardas : in the active sense; to this word's quantity seems to be cf. Hor. Sat. 1, 9, 32: tarda that when one syllable is long the podagra.

other is short; cf. e.g. sācra in v. 17. Cf. Ovid, Her. 5, 49-52 ; 25.

But cf. BPW., Met. 9, 767 ; Ter. Phorm. 705 sqq. (1912), Sp. 394.

18. Saturnive ... diem: sub- 22. sciat: i.e. let him learn' ject of tenuisse. The Jewish Sab- from sad experience like my own. bath (the seventh day of the week) deo = Amore: i.e. even if the was known to the Romans as gods seem propitious, here is a Saturn's day (Saturday). Of this really opposing divinity. use of the term in literature this 23. tua ... Isis: the worship is one of the earliest instances, of the Egyptian goddess Isis had perhaps the earliest. Many pas- become common at Rome, and sages show that Jewish customs was especially popular among had their share of respectful ob- women. As the patroness of naviservance at Rome along with the gation there would have been host of foreign superstitions by particular appropriateness in her this time introduced into Roman being besought by Delia to give life; cf. Edwin Post in Meth. Rev., Tibullus a safe return.


illa tua totiens aera repulsa manu,
quidve, pie dum sacra colis, pureque lavari

te (memini) et puro secubuisse toro?
nunc, dea, nunc succurre mihi (nam posse mederi

picta docet templis multa tabella tuis),
ut mea votivas persolvens Delia voces

ante sacras lino tecta fores sedeat
bisque die resoluta comas tibi dicere laudes

insignis turba debcat in Pharia,


24. aera : the sistrum, a rattle 29. votivas . . . voces = vota, composed commonly of several i.e. those of Tibullus himself, viz. pieces of metal (hence the plural),

vv. 30-32. the usual accompaniment of Isis- 30. lino tecta: clothed in worship; cf. Ovid, A. A. 3, 635. linen.' The priests and devotees

25. dum sacra colis : especially of Isis wore linen so much as to at the two more important annual have the standing epithet liniger, festivals of the goddess. — pureque like the goddess herself; cf. Ovid, lavari . . . et ... secubuisse: sc. Met. 1, 747 : linigera ... turba ; prosunt ; the two principal require- Ex P. 1, 1, 51: linigerae . . ments of the devotees of Isis at Isidis. Linen raiment was worn these festivals ; cf. Prop. 2, 33, also by those consulting the sub1-4; also Tib. 2, I, II ; Ovid, Am. terranean oracle of Trophonius 3, 9. 33.

(Paus. 9, 39, 8), in the cult of 27. posse mederi : sc. te. Cf. earth gods (Dieterich, Abraxas, Stolz-Schmalz, 162, 2; Draeger, 158 A), in magic rites (ib. 179, 9, 454; Ter. Phorm. 610: venire etc.), and in incubation (Deubner, salvom volup est.

De Incubat. p. 25). — sedeat : cf. 28. picta ... tabella : the cus- Prop. 2, 28, 45. tom of placing a votive picture in 31. bisque die: in the early the temple of a deity after escape morning, before sunrise, and tofrom sickness, shipwreck, or other wards evening resoluta comas : danger, was a common one, es- cf. 2, 5, 66, where the Sibyl is likepecially in temples of Isis; cf. wise engaged in serving a deity. Juv. 12, 27 : votivu testantur fana 32. insignis : i.e. for her untabella plurima; pictores quis usual beauty.- Pharia = Aegyptia; nescit ab Iside pasci ; Hor. Car. Pharos was the island on wbich 1, 5, 13; Sat. 2, 1, 33. The cus- stood the famous lighthouse at the tom still persists in some churches entrance to the harbor of Alexin Italy.



at mihi contingat patrios celebrare penates

reddereque antiquo menstrua tura lari.
quam bene Saturno vivebant rege, prius quam

tellus in longas est patefacta vias!
nondum caeruleas pinus contempserat undas,

effusum ventis praebueratque sinum,
nec vagus ignotis repetens conpendia terris

presserat externa navita merce ratem.
illo non validus subiit iuga tempore taurus,

non domito frenos ore momordit equus,
non domus ulla fores habuit, non fixus in agris,

qui regeret certis finibus arva, lapis.
ipsae mella dabant quercus, ultroque ferebant



33. contingat: like sedeat (v. 89-112; Am. 3, 8, 35-44 ; Fast. 30), and debeat (v. 32), introduced 2, 289-298; Hor. Epod. 16, 41-66; by ut (v. 29). — celebrare penates : Verg. Ec. 4, 9 sqq ; Georg. I, 125 the usual custom on returning s99 Like Vergil, Tibullus disfrom a journey; cf. Ter. Phorm. tinguishes but two ages; Horace 311.

and Aratus have three; Ovid, 34. antiquo: in comparison four; Hesiod, five. The golden with such new-fangled cults as age was already recognized as a that of Isis. - menstrua : the lar trite theme in the Aetna, vv.9-15. was worshiped especially on the 36. longas

vias : cf. 1, 1, Calends, as well as the Ides, the 26. Acc. of purpose. Nones, and festival occasions.

37. contempserat : cf. Hor. lari: up to the time of Augustus Car.

I, 3, 21-24; Tibullus is the lar familiaris was spoken of wishing that he had never set sail properly only in the singular, in- on this expedition; the idea of dicating the protector of the fa- “spurning the billows' has bemilia as a whole ; cf. Wissowa, Rel. come a commonplace even among u. Kult. d. Römer, p. 149.

English poets. 35. The following description 38. On the position of -que cf. of “the good old days” of the 2, 5, 72, n. “golden age” under Saturn's rule 45. ipsae ... quercus : “the very is worthy to be compared with the oaks’; the emphasis is on quermany similar passages in the Ro- cus, a kind of tree which does not man poets, such as Ovid, Met. I, ordinarily give honey, but was be


obvia securis ubera lactis oves.
non acies, non ira fuit, non bella, nec ensem

inmiti saevus duxerat arte faber.
nunc Iove sub domino caedes et vulnera semper,

nunc mare, nunc leti mille repente viae. parce, pater. timidum non me periuria terrent,

non dicta in sanctos inpia verba deos. quod si fatales iam nunc explevimus annos,

fac lapis inscriptis stet super ossa notis: hic iacet inmiti consumptus morte Tibullus,


Messallam terra dum sequiturque mari.'
sed me, quod facilis tenero sum semper Amori,

ipsa Venus campos ducet in Elysios.
hic choreae cantusque vigent, passimque vagantes

50. repente G reperte AV multa reperta via w.

lieved to have done so in this fah 51. pater: Juppiter. - timi . ulous age; cf. Verg. Ec. 4, 29-30 : dum: a predicate adjective here; incultisque rubens pendebit senti cf. the English“ strike him dead." bus uva, et durae quercus suda 52. Clearly Tibullus does not bunt roscida mella ; Ovid, Met. 1, consider the sentiment of v. 49 11-112: flumina iam lactis, iam any sacrilege. flumina nectaris ibant, flavaque 53. fatales : which fate has alde viridi stillabant ilice mella; lotted. also the Israelitish “land flowing 54. notis : sc. litterarum. with milk and honey."

55. Cf. 3, 2, 29; Prop. 2, 13, 35. 46. securis : sc. dominis. They 56. Note favorite position of were free even from the ordinary the -que; cf. 1, 1, 51, n. care of providing themselves daily

57. me :

in contrast to lapis food.

(v. 54). 48. duxerat: i.e. on the anvil ; 58. Cf. Ovid, Am. 3, 9, 60. — cf. Eng. “ ductile”; Verg. Aen. ipsa Venus :

this function was 7, 633

usually ascribed to Mercury. 50. repente :

with adjectival 59. For the description cf. force; cf. A. 321, d. ; mare is one Verg. Aen. 6, 637 sqq. — chorèae : of these new ways of sudden death ; instead of the usual chorēae ; cf. cf. Prop. 3, 7, 31, n.

Prop. 2, 19, 15.

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