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feelings and assuaging local jealousies, it is our de-hailing it as an invention which was to do honor to liberate belief that it will increase and establish the the age in which we live, and to add a new and pow. worst dispositions in the republic, in the present erful arm to British industry, imperfect experiments circumstances of persons and things. Enough, and confined views were urged against the princi. however, perhaps has been said about it, and I shall ple of its construction; the jealousies of rival trad. gladly retire from the discussion, unless defensive. ers were arrayed against it; imaginary apprehen.

There is more than a whole year before the peo sions of danger were excited, and short sighted po. ple will be called upon to select and elect their liticians sounded the alarm, that such an invention president so there is ample time to reason and re. would precipitate our country from its lofty pre. flect on the subject. In the interim, however, they eminence among the manufacturing nations of the will reclaim the right of suffrage, in those states world. wherein the legislature has used, or rather usurped Most of these grounds of opposition have been it. It is the undoubted intention of the constitu. now removed by direct experiment. Mr. Perkins' tion and the unquestionable right of the people, to engine is actually at work, Its operations have been elect tbeir electors of president. And I have no witnessed, and minutely examined by engineers doubt but that the result will be happy-that the and philosophers of all kinds; and the most unrea. wishes of the majority will directly or ultimately sonable sceptics bave been compelled to acknow. prevail, and such decisions shall ever be respected ledge the justness of its principles, as well as the by THE EDITOR OF THE REGISTER. energy of its operations. The active and inven.

tive mind of Mr. Perkins, however, did not remain PERKINS' STEAM ENGINE. The Edinburg Plulo. satisfied with this experiment. He has discovered sophical Journal, for July last, contains a description a method, which we consider equal in value to his of Mr. Perkins' new steam engine, which is insert. new engine, by which he can convey the benefit of ed below with the omission of such parts only as his original principle to steam-engines of the old relate to the description of the machine, with refer construction; and this bas been recently succeeded, ence to the plates.

we are told, by a most extraordinary discovery, It now seems that Perkins has not only fully eso that the same heat may be inade to perform its part tablished his principles, but succeeded in giving more than once, in the active operations of the en. practical operation to them. It is the giant disco. gine. very of the age, and will mark it; for its effect on Here follows a description of the machine refer. the state of society may be only compared with that ring to an acompanying drawing of it. The article which the general deluge had on the world! No then proceeds:man can calcuiate the extent to which steam power The engine which we have now described, is, at will go-the power of ten horses is exerted for a present, performing actual work in Mr. Perkins' whole day at the cost of two bushels of coal! manufactory. It is calculated as equal to a ten. We may now expect that what were thought the horse power, though the cylinder is no more than wildest visions of Oliver Evans, and others, are about 2 inches in diameter, and 18 inches long, with a to be realized. He asserted that the time would stroke of only 12 inches. Although the space oc. come when steam would be applied to the common cupied by the engine is not greater than 6 feet by 8, purposes of housewifery-such as the scrubbing yet Mr. Perkins considers that the apparatus, (with of tioors and washing of clothes, and by Perkins' the exception of the working cylinder and piston), discovery it would seem that the power of a horse is perfectly sufficient for a 30 horse engine. When may be compressed in a space of two or three feet the engine performs full work, it consumes only square, judging by the size of the machine, which two bushels of coal in the day. has the power of 10 horses. What is to be the end On the application of Mr. Perkins's principle lo of these things!-to what various purposes will Steam.Engines of the old construction. such an acquisition of power be applied! May we Great as the invention is wbich we have now de. not expect that our fields will be ploughed by steam scribed, yet we are disposed to think that the ap. power, and battles be fought, on both land and wa. plication to the principle to the old steam engines ier, in which that power will supersede the use of is not less important. When we consider the enor. that acquired by the explosion of gunpowder? May mous capital which is at present embodied in Great there not be steam cannon and moveable steam Britain in the substantial form of steam-engines, and batteries or steam forts.

the admirable elegance and skill with which these It is estimated that there are about 10,000 steam noble machines impel and regulate the vast populaengines in operation in Great Britain, averaging tion of wheels and pinions over which they reign, each the power of twenty horses. Estimating the we feel as if some vast innovation were proposed work of one horse equal to that of six men, the act upon our established usages, by the introduction of ing powers of those engines will be equal to one Mr. Perkins's engine. The very idea that these million two hundred thousand men. How much potentates of the mechanical world should be dis. will this amount be increased by the cheap appa- placed from their thrones; that their strongholds ratus and great economy of Perkins' machinery? should be dismantled; their palaces demolished, and

FROM THE EDINBURG PHILOSOPHICAL JOURNAL. their whole affairs placed under a more economical There never has been, in our day, an invention management, is somewhat startling to those who which has created such a sensation in the scientific dread change, and admire institutions that both and in the manufacturing world. The steam. engine work and wear well. Mr. Perkins, however, has of Mr. Watt had been so long considered as the saved them from such a degradation. lle has al. greatest triumph of art and science, that it was lowed them to retain all their honors and privileges, deemed a sort of beresy to regard it as capable of and proposes only to invigorate them with fresh in. improvement; and, notwithstanding all that has been Auence and power. done by Mr. Woolff, and other eminent engineers, In this new system, the old engines, with their boilers, the undoubted merit of their engines has scarcely are retained unaltered. The furnaces alone are reyet been admitted by the public. Under such cir. moved. Mr. Perkins constructs a generator concumstances, Mr. Perkins' claims were likely to sisting of three horizontal tubes of gun.metal, con. ineet with various kinds of opposition. Instead of nected together, filled with water, and supplied with water from a forcing pump, as in his own en store,, two boxes of lace, manufactured gine. This generator is exposed to heat in an ana. at Medway ,(Ms), by Dean Walker & Co, in a sinlogous manner, so that, by means of a loaded valve, gularly constructed loom, made in this country, which opens and shuts, the red hot Auid may be from the recollection of a similar machine examin. constrained till forced out of the generator into the ed by one of our artists in England, and wbo, by his water of the boilers of Bolton and Watt. By this genius and memory has thus obtained wbat he means, as much low pressure steam of four pounds wished, without violating the law of England on the square inch may be generated by one bushel against the exportation of machinery. of coals, as could be produced in the old engine by We learn from the proprietor of this loom, that nine bushels. This most important result, was ob. the warp is wound on 26 spools, in imitation of the tained by actual experiment.

beams in common looms, each of which bas, how. Since these great improvements have been effect. ever, a compound motion; that it carries 1230 shut. ed, Mr. Perkins bas made a discovery that seems, tles, which traverse side by side within a space of in its practical importance, to surpass them all. He 56 inches; that these 26 spools and 1230 shuttles now entirely dispenses with the use of the conden. are kept in motion by one man, by means of two ser, and works the engine against the atmosphere handles, three tredles, and two thumb.pieces; and alone; and by methods with which we are not ac. that it produces a breadth or web of plain lace, of quainted, and which indeed it would not be pru. 56 inches wide, which, by drawing single threads, dent for him to disclose at present, he is enabled is divided into 26 pieces of lace of from one half an to arrest the heat after it has performed its mechanical inch to 5 inches in width. The loom produces functions, and actually pump it back to the generator, about 50 yards per day of plain lace, which employs to unite with a fresh portion of water and renew its use upwards of one hundred females in finishing with ful labors. In an operation like this, a considerable ornamental portion of the heat must still be lost, but the won. The lace is pronounced by good judges, to be of der is that any should be saved; and we venture to a superior quality, and that it will not suffer in comsay, that the most sanguine speculator, on the om. parison with the imported, made from the same manipotence of the steam engine, never dared even to terial, while the price is stated to be much lower. imagine the possibility of such an invention. The widest is very beautiful, and richly and taste

We are well aware, that, in announcing this dis. fully wrought. We may add, that it is destined to covery, we are exposing ourselves to the criticisms become very fashionable, as we learn that the proof those whose belief is naturally limited by their prietor, on a late visit at Washington, was much gra. own experience; but it is satisfactory to know, that tified to find a liberal purchaser in the lady of one capt. Basil Hall, (whose account of Mr. Perkins' of the honorable members of the cabinet. discoveries and inventions, as delivered before the royal society of Edinburgh, gave such universal BRITISH NEUTRALITY, The London Morning Chro. satisfaction), has been entrusted with Mr. Perkins' nicle of the 21st of June, says_“Things are advandiscovery, and that he speaks confidently of the cing rapidly in this country to a state that must give soundness of its principles, as well as the practica. satisfaction even to the Quakers. Formerly we bility of its application.

were the most busy meddling people in the world, We cannot quit this subject, without congratulat. ready to fight for any thing or for nothing, for a ing the country on its brilliant prospects with which smuggler's ear, for Nootka Sound, for a pragmatic these inventions promise to invest all our national sanction, for the opening of the Scheldt, for the libe. concerns. At any period of the history of British tion of the Pope. In short, no quarrelever came amiss industry, they must have excited the highest es to us; and we were as ready to pay others for fight. pectations; but, originating as they have done, when ing as to fight ourselves. A German baron could our commerce, our manufactures and our agricul. not even invade bis neighbor's sour-krout grounds, ture, the three stars of our national prosperity, have but we would take him to task for it. So jealous just passed the lowest point of their orbit, and quit. were we of the balance of power, that a feather ted, we trust for long, the scene of their disturbing taken from one scale and put into another, would forces, we cannot but hail them with the liveliest have thrown us into agitation. Now, however, times enthusiasm, and regard them as contributing to in. are sadly changed. Now half a dozen of kingdoms sure the pre-eminence of our industry, to augment may be invaded at a time, while we look on with a the wealth and resources of the nation, and, by giv. happy indifference. We have attained the perfec. ing employment to idle hands, and direction to idle tion which Jean Jacques Rousseau assigns to the minds, to secure the integrity and the permanence philosopher, who, when he hears fire bawled out in of our national institutions.*

the streets, opens his window, pokes out his head After the 10th June, Mr. Perkins is ready to and seeing that the fire is too far off to reach him, take orders for his new engines, and his apparatus coolly draws in his head and shuts his window. No for producing low pressure steam, for working the matter what the cause of aggression, it is enough ordinary engines. The price, we believe, of the that we ourselves are suffered to remain in a new engine, is only half that of Bolton and Watt's, whole skin. witb one third of the savings of fuel for a period of With respect to the affair of Wurtemburg, the years, which we have not heard stated.

phlegm of Mr. Canning was amazing. That gen.

tleman, who at one time was quite a Drawcansir, MEDWAY LACE. We examined yesterday, (says talks now of our having na interest, except as specta. the New York Statesman), at John Nesmith & Co's tors, in the quarrel, which the holy allies have con

trived to pick with the sovereign of the state in *It is due to the truth and candor of philosophi. question. It is nothing that Wurtemberg is a well. cal history, to mention that Mr. Perkins is not our governed free protestant state-that the ground of countryman; but the age of jealousy against Ame. quarrel is that the king will not consent to deprive rica has happily gone past, and we hail, with sincere his subjects of the freedom secured to them by their pleasure, any circumstance which contributes to constitution. We have no interest, it seems, in all ibe scientific renown of our great descendants, and this, except as spectators. companions in freedom and intelligence.

What would be thought of the man, who, on be.

ing told that his neighbor was struggling with a Of Another paper speaks of the great plenty of robber, should exclaim, “l have no interest, except money-any quantity of capital can be had at three as a spectator?” 'There are few men, who, on see. per cent. interest. Great Britain, by her manufac. ing an absolute stranger to them ill used, would turing industry, seemingly gathers to herself the not call out at least shame, and at least endeavor to surplus profits of the rest of the world, and renders befriend the aggrieved party. But we must not the people of the most distant nations ber tributaries. remonstrate nor seem dissatisfied, whatever injus. None, however, perhaps more so than those of the tice we witness."

United States.

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BRITISA MANUFACTURING DISTRICTS. A late Lon. Cuba. A circular letter from Messrs. Drake and don paper says-In the debate in the house of com. Mitchell, of Havana, furnishes the following infor mons, on the 12th instant, upon Mr. Western's mo. mation of the product and commerce of Cuba: tion for inquiring into the changes in the currency “The whole (sugar) crop, this year, may, from since 1793, Mr. Secretary Peel took a most gratify our very imperfect data, be estimated at 320,000 ing view of the condition of the above districts; by boxes, and the exports be stated as follows: which it appears that the manufacturing interests To the north of Europe and France 150,000 are in a state of the greatest prosperity. Tbe right To Spain, a very small quantity this year 20,000 honorable gentleman observed, that in the great To the Mediterranean

25,000 clothing districts, including Leeds, Wakefield, Ha. To the United States and other ports 35,000 lifas and Huddersfield, the working class, at the And for consumption here, we estimate 30,000 commencement of the present year, were well off, never better; the spinners gaining 25s., and the Total

260,000 weavers from 18s. to 25s. per week: the whole Only leaving 60,000 boxes for exportation, until population was quiet; and the poor-rates, which, in March next, when the new crop will appear. 1815 to 1821, had been 10s. in the pound, and in 1821, 89. 4d., were in the last year only 6s. In MARYLAND. The following is copied from the Sheffield the poor-rates were, in 1820,36,0001; 1821, "Herald,” published at Hagerstown, in this state, 35,000!; 1822, 19,0001; and in 1823, according to the and I have thought that it might be well to preserve estimates which had been made, would not be more it as a curiosity: than 13,000; being, in the course of two years, a to the Christian volers residing in Washington counreduction of one-third. In Halifax the laboring

ly, state of Maryland. classes were contented and employed; the buildings were increasing, and the poor rates had diminished. Highly respected fellow.citizens:

"Venienti occurrite morbo." Such, then, was the situation of the clothing dis.

Oppose the threatened disorder. tricts of the country. In 1817, out of a population I am as decidedly opposed now to the confirma. of 84,000, which Birmingham contained, 27,500 tion, by the next general assembly, as I was during were receiving parish relief; one-third of the work: the late session of the present one, to the passage ing classes were out of employ, and the rest bad of the act, which has been published for your seonly half work; and the poor-rates were somewhat rious consideration, bearing on its front the insidu. between 50 and 60,000?." But now the whole body ous title "an act to extend to all the citizens of of the working people was well employed; there Maryland the same civil rights and religious priviwas no disloyalty and no complaint. In the single leges that are enjoyed under the constitution of the parish of Birmingham, which was only a small part United States." of the town, there were 425 houses recently erected. Messrs. T. Kennedy, Keller and Drury, who In 1820 the poor.rates were 52,000; in 1821, 47,0001; zealously suppurted said act, at the last session, bave in 1822, 20,0001; thus evincing, in the course of lately presented themselves to your view in public two years, a diminution of 32,0001. With respect prints, as candidates for your votes at the approach. to Manchester, it was still more important. He had ing election, with sanguine expectation, (no doubt), taken pains to ascertain the average rate of wages of success. it was not, believe me fellow.citizens, per week, in that town, of one thousand persons, my intention to have again appeared before you as during the depreciation of the currency. In 1800 a candidate for a seat in the general assembly, hav. it was 13s. per week; in 1806, 10s. 6d., in 1816, ing arrived at the advanced age of three score years 4s. 6d.; and in 1817,3s. 3d. He was also obliged to and ten; but, as to retreat at so very important a shock the house with the afflicting statement that crisis, might be considered by you as desertion, many persons were restricted to half a pint of pat. should you be disposed to clect me as one of your meal per day for subsistence, and that some had to delegates to the next general assembly, I will most labor during the night, to obtain the means of pur. unquestionably serve as such, and I will, in that event, chasing even that portion of food. Let the house vote in point blank opposition to the confirmation, look on that picture, and on the one he should now as I did at the late session, to the passage of said, present to it. He understood, on good authority, in my judgment), highly exceptionable act; and that in Manchester, the quantity of goods manu. which I hold to be no more nor less, than an attempt factured was greater than at any former period, als to undervalue, and, by so doing, to bring into popular though the profits were comparatively small. The contempt the Christian religion. number of buildings erecting was also geater than Preferring, as I do, Christianity to Judaism, De. at any former time. And, with respect to wages, ism, Unitarianism or any other sort of new fangled which in 1816 had been 4s. 6d., and in 1817 were ISM, I deprecate any change in our state government, 35. 3d., he understood that fine spinners earned at calculated to afford the least chance to the enemies of present 309. a week, coarse spinners 28., and the Christianity, of underminding it, in the belief of the weavers, who before earned 39. 3d. per week, now great body of the people of Maryland. What could received 10s., while others received 16s. a week. not heretofore be effected by Hooke, it seema, is now In Bolton there was likewise more employment for attempting to be done by Crooke. Yours respectfully, the people than there bad ever been, and both the

BENJAMIX GALLOWAY, population and the number of buildings had greatly Hagerstown, Washington county, 2 increased.

Maryland, August 18, 1823.

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The regency of Urgel, some months ago, and more Great Britain and Irelund. Since 1816, the Bri. recently that which was instituted after the entrance tish government have repealed 22,256,202 pounds of the French army into Spain, successively ad. of annual taxes.

dressed letters to me, announcing, in like manner, This reduction of taxes is about equal to the whole their assumption, respectively, of the government atbount of the public debt of the United States.

of Spain: Parliament was prorogued on the 19th July. The To neither of these communications has it been sospeech” contains nothing new or worthy of spe. thought necessary to return any answer; and, if I cial notice. Desperate and fatal riots continued to now deviate from the course pursued in those two take place in Ireland. Nine persons bave been sen. instances, it is only because I would not appear to tenced to death at Cork, for burning the Castletown be guilty of incivility, in sending back your messen. Roche mills.

ger without a written acknowledgement of your Prices of stocks, London July 23—Three per cent letter. consols 823. New four per cents 105%.

I have, however, nothing to add to that acknow. The following, concerning the Spanish regen. ledgement. The king, my master, having a minister cy, is interesting:

resident near the person of his Catholic majesty, London July 19. The Courier of this day gives cannot receive a communication of this description; the official documents, which the king has ordered and it is, therefore, not consistent with my duty, to to be presented to parliament, contained in a cor. lay before the king, the letter addressed to his ma. respondence between Don Victor Saez, and Mr. jesty, which I have the honor herewith to return. Secretary Canning, on the subject of the recogni. I have the honor, &c. tion of the Spanish regency, at Madrid. The do. (Signed)

GEORGE CANNISG, cuments and inclosures are ten in number.

His excellency Don Viclor Sacz, &c. &c. Correspondence between Don Victor Saez and Mr. Spain. It is stated that Mina has eight or ten Secretary Canning.

corps of guerillas, of from 200 to 250 men each, un. Don Victor Saez to Mr. Secretary Canning, der his superintendance.

MADRID, June 7, 1823. A party of guerillas, in Andalusia, captured a con. Sir-I have the honor to transmit to your excel- voy of 350 bullocks that was proceeding for the lency the letter, by which his serene highness the supply of the French. The empecinado has se. regency of Spain and the Indies, has the bonor of verely handled some parties of the soldiers of the communicating to his Britannic majesty its installa. faith, and levied heavy contributions on the clergy. tion, which took place, with the greatest solemnity, The French papers say that there exists a cer. in this capital, and wbich has been followed by the tain fermentation in Madrid, which is kept down recognition of his royal highness the Duke d'An only by the excellent police of the French. gouleme, in the name of his most Christian majesty. Banos destroyed between 6 and 800 of tbe revol.

His serene highness, in directing me to request ters and robbers at Seville. It is stated that Milans that your excellency will present to his majesty, bad put 500 Frenchmen “to the sworl" at Mataro. the king of Great Britain, the said letter, (of which Gen. Saarfield has undoubtedly turned traitor, I have the honor to enclose a copy, as likewise of and joined the invaders of his country-but it does the documents relative to the nomination of the not appear that he seduced any of his men. The regency), has ordered me to express to you at the 3000 men that followed Morillo have joined the same time, bis anxious wish to cultivate the rela. French. Gen. Villa Campa has not deserted; but, tions of friendship which have always subsisted be on account of some difference with the cortes, bas tween our august sovereigns.

resigned his command. He is succeeded by Zayas, I sball feel happy in contributing to fulfil the from whom, the French say, two regiments have de. wishes of his serene bigbness in this respect; and serted. in the mean time I have the honor to assure your Mina is, as usual, soon to be destroyed. He was excellency of the high consideration with which, &c. at Barcelona, at the latest dates—from wbich, the (Signed)

Victor Saez. French assert, there are many deserters. His excellency Mr. Canning, &c. &c.

Sir Robert Wilson, appointed lieutenant general, The inclosures in this document, are the pro. commands at Corunna, were he has 6000 men and six clamations of the duke d’Angouleme, and the pro months provisions. It is a strong place, and to be ceedings of the supreme councils of Castile and besieged with a French and traitor force 9000 strong. the Indies, &c. &c. on the subject of the appoint. Sir Robert is confident of the success of the Spa. ment of the regency, all which have appeared in nish cause. the papers, and are well known. The last contains The state of affairs at Cadiz does not indicate any the recognition, by the duke d'Angouleme, in the disposition to give up the contest-though the name of bis majesty the king of France, of the per. French will bave it that the city must be surrender. sons composing the regency, during the captivity ed and the cortes dispersed, before the end of July. of his majesty king Ferdinand. Here follow the Flour at Cadiz, still cheap, though many small vesnames of the regents:

sels had been captured or driven off by the French, Our cousin the duke of INFANTADO, president. French troops are pouring into Spain-this shews

Members. Our cousin the duke of MONTEMAR; that the war is just at an end! the baron D'EROLES, lieutenant general; the bishop A Madrid article announces that prayers of forty of Osma: M. ANTONIO GOMEZ CALDERON,

hours, are continued in all the churches for the de. The last document is the following:

liverance of the king and royal family! Mr. Secretary Canning to Don Victor Saez. Quiroga's reply to Morillo shall appear in our

Foreign office, June 19, 1823. next. SIB-I have the honor to acknowledge the re- It is stated that 250 of the friends of the constitu. ceipt of the letter, which your excellency did me tion were imprisoned at Valladolid, and that Cor. the honor to address to me on the 7th instant, an. dova had revolted and received the French; and nouncing the installation of a new regency at Mad. constant and large desertions from the Spanisla rid, and enclosing a letter, addressed, (as you in. generals are spoken of 1000 deserters reported to form me), by that body to the king, my master. I be at Cordova.



of St. Sebastians', a French paper says-Negocia. The troops for the liberation of Peru þave tions had been entered upon, they are, however, chiefly arrived in that country. Bolivar will bave broken off. The garrison would have given up the the command of 10,000 men, the greater part of fortress, but they wished to march out with the whom are well disciplined and appointed. honors of war. The major general commanding By a vessel that arrived at Baltimore on Tuesday the blockade replied that he would take possesion last, we learn that the Spanish frigate Constitution of the fortress, and that the garrison should be pri. and corvette Ceres, arrived there on the 8th ult.

from Maracaibo. They brought intelligence that, Great numbers of the French in Catalonia are on the 24th of July, commodores Padella and Beluda, sick-no doubt on account of the harassing move. commanding the Colombian squadron, consisting ments of Mina, which afford them so little rest.

of the brigs Independencia and Mars, and schrs. There is a strong and probable report that a Spartana and Constitution, with several smaller ves. great batile has been fought near Corunna, in which sels, attacked the Spanish flotilla, under the com. the French were defeated, with severe loss. mand of commodore Laborde, consisting of one

It is believed that there has been some pretty brig, three schrs. and twenty-five gun-boats. The severe fighting in the south. The French have reaction was severe and ended in the almost total de. treated from Seville and St. Mary's.

struction of the Spanish squadron. The brig and Of The French squadron at Cadiz has turned off schr. were blown up and the rest captured or de. shis Britannic majesty's brig Lavinia." Was she stroyed, with the exception of the schr. Especulasent thither “just to see what Mounsieur would be dora, in which commodore Laborde made his es.

cape to his ships, lying outside the bar. The SpaPortugal. The following "legitimate" things niards confess the loss of 1500 men, amongst whom have bappened: no one can publish any thing, with: they count 160 officers. Out of 100 men landed out the approbation of the censors of the press-all from the commodore's ship only 11 returned. The the monastaries, convents, &c. that had been sup. corvette Ceres, landed also 100 men, but, as she is pressed, are to be restored, with their revenues, detained to leeward by the current, it is not known &c.freerdasonry, lately much encouraged, is se. what number she lost. verely proscribed-many distinguished members of

General Morales remained in Maracaibo, with the cortes were imprisoned, and others are banish. about 800 men and short of provisions, but it is sup. ed.

posed he has been forced to surrender before this; Italy. The pope had fallen down and broken his his second and third in command have arrived at thigh. His life was supposed to be in the greatest Curracoa in the frigate. The frigate was repairing danger.

ber spars and rigging. Turkey. It seems to be the intention of the The Dutch schooner Eliza, had arrived at Cur. Greeks that Macedonia shall be the chief seat of racoa, from Maracaibo, with a number of Morales' war-10,000 troops have marched to reinforce their wounded officers. armies in that quarter. Important battles were about to take place. Both parties were strong in the field, and apparently determined to try the

Foreign Articles Miscellaneous, strength of their respective forces. The Turks had made some retrograde movements.

The captain pacba has gone out of the Darda. We have carefully looked over the great mass of nelles with his squadron. The Greeks were ready

foreign articles lately received, to discover what to receive him. The women of Samos and Hydra

had been omitted which seemed necessary to exhave taken up arms. The Greek army, for the de.

plain events bappening in Europe, or that would fence of the Morea, is given at 60,000 men! Thes.

be useful for reference; and have thought it right saly is said to be in insurrection against tbe Turks.

that the following should be inserted. There is much feeling at Constantinople, on ac. The British house of lords rejected, by a majori. count of the "violent proceedings" of the Turks in ty of 7 votes, 80 to 73, the bill, passed by the house arresting the vessels of the Christian powers. They of commons, admitting English catholics to the pay no regard to the protests of the foreign minis. right of voting. Only two bishops, those of Nor. ters.

wich and Kildare, voted for the bill. It was sup. Brazil. Admiral Cochrane bad a partial engage ported by lords Liverpool and Harrowby, and opment with the Portuguese fleet off Bahia: but it posed by the chancellor, lord Eldon. decided nothing. Bahia yet held out for the mo. Bell's Weekly Messenger, of the 7th July, saysther country.

"It now appears to be settled in the cabinet, what Buenos Ayres. A provisional treaty has been en course our rulers intended to pursue, upon the late tered into between M. Rivadavia, on the part of proceedings of the Spanish cortes at Seville. Sir Buenos Ayres, and Messrs. Pereyra and de la Ro. William A Court is to go to Cadiz, and is, there, to bla, on the part of the king of Spain. It provides understand, personally, from Ferdinand, whether for a suspension of hostilities for the period of any actual restraint is put upon him. If it shall eighteen months, and has respect to the ultimate appear that he is actually in captivity, then, sir acknowledgment of the independence of the pro- William is to withdraw from the Spanish territory vinces.

altogether." [Is not the king of England under reA project of a law is added to the treaty, provid. straint? Must not every king be so, if a king by the ing that, on account of the war waged by France constitution of a country? No other than a king ab. against Spain, the latter shall receive aid to support solute can be without "restraint."] her constitution, in the sum of 20 millions of dol. A steam ship regularly plies between Falmouth lars, from the American states whose independence and Corunna, in Spain. The voyage is made in shall be acknowledged. Chili and Peru are to be about 50 hours. She also proceeds with the mails to joined in the whole arrangment, if agreeable to Lisbon and Cadiz. them. We shall give the treaty in our next. From a paragraph in a Galway paper, it appeass

Colombia. Much attention is paid to education that the lower orders there have begun to bury in this interesting country.

their dead without coffins,


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