Constitutional Role of Faith-based Organizations in Competitions for Federal Social Service Funds: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on the Constitution of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session, June 7, 2001
U.S. Government Printing Office, 2001 - 91 Seiten
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activities actually allow amendment America Americans assistance audit basis believe beneficiaries better CHABOT challenges charitable choice church civil rights commitment concerns Congress constitutional contract counseling course Court create direct discrimination drug educational effect employment equal ESBECK Establishment Clause exemption Exercise faith faith-based organizations FBOs federal federally funded follow freedom gious give going government funds government money grants groups hiring House important institutions issue Justice Justice O'Connor Laycock legislation liberty limits matter means Members ment Mitchell neutral noted opinion participate permit pervasively sectarian political practices President principle problems Professor prohibition proposals protect question reasons receive reli religion religious organizations religious providers respect rule schools sectarian secular separate serv social service Supreme Court Thank tion Title University welfare witnesses worship
Seite 29 - ... to compel a man to furnish contributions of money for the propagation of opinions which he disbelieves, is sinful and tyrannical...
Seite 51 - I have never shrunk from its expression... that the germ of dissolution of our Federal Government is in the Constitution of the Federal Judiciary; an irresponsible body... for impeachment is scarcely a scarecrow. . .working like gravity by night and by day, gaining a little today and a little tomorrow, and advancing its noiseless step like a thief, over the field of jurisdiction, until all shall be usurped from the States, and the government of all be consolidated into one.
Seite 39 - This title shall not apply to an employer with respect to the employment of aliens outside any State, or to a religious corporation, association, educational institution, or society with respect to the employment of individuals of a particular religion to perform work connected with the carrying on by such corporation, association, educational institution, or society of its activities.
Seite 52 - Probably at the time of the adoption of the constitution, and of the amendment to it, now under consideration, the general, if not the universal, sentiment in America was, that Christianity ought to receive encouragement from the state, so far as was not incompatible with the private rights of conscience, and the freedom of religious worship. An attempt to level all religions, and to make it a matter of state policy to hold all in utter indifference, would have created universal disapprobation, if...
Seite 11 - Determining that certain activities are in furtherance of an organization's religious mission, and that only those committed to that mission should conduct them, is thus a means by which a religious community defines itself.
Seite 30 - Because the bill in reserving a certain parcel of land of the United States for the use of said Baptist Church comprises a principle and precedent for the appropriation of funds of the United States for the use and support of religious societies, contrary to the article of the Constitution which declares that "Congress shall make no law respecting a religious establishment.
Seite 34 - Court said that both the Establishment Clause and the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment were made wholly applicable to the States by the Fourteenth Amendment.
Seite 69 - For Justice O'Connor, the question of whether an aid program has the primary effect of advancing religion is determined by whether: a. the aid is actually diverted for religious indoctrination; b. the eligibility for program participation is made with regard to religion; and c. the program creates excessive adm1nistrative entanglement. 1 Justice O'Connor's "objective observer...
Seite 80 - Much of today's poverty has more to do with troubled lives than a troubled economy. And often when a life is broken, it can only be restored by another caring, concerned human being. The answer for an abandoned child is not a job requirement - it is the loving presence of a mentor. The answer to addiction is not a demand for self-sufficiency - it is personal support on the hard road to recovery.
Seite 76 - Conclusion At the end of the day, the debates surrounding the faith-based initiative come down to questions of cynicism versus hope. The cynics see a slippery slope down every path; some see deeply religious people as untrustworthy - incapable of following regulations and perpetually plotting to proselytize their neighbor, while others see every civil servant as a regulator lacking restraint just waiting to emasculate America's religious institutions. But if we set our minds - and our hearts - to...