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complain without cause, had great apprehensions that he would lose a portion of the popularity he had acquired by his distinguished success the Canadian frontier. But behold the manner in which this last work has been performed! There is so much of noble generosity of character about Scott, independent of his skill and bravery as a soldier, that his life has really been one of romantic beauty and interest."
One can hardly read this exquisite eulogy,— coming, as it does, from the lips of one who would be everywhere accepted as an umpire without appeal upon any question of humanity or philanthropy, - without recalling the lines which Addison, a century and a half before, had composed, in honor of the great Duke of Marlborough, and which we all could wish had been as well deserved by him as by our own departed hero:
“ Unbounded courage and compassion joined,
Tempering each other in the victor's mind,
The opening of the great Civil War through which we have just passed, found General Scott broken in health and strength, and weighed down by the infirmities of age. He was still, however, at the head of the American Army, and, though a Virginian by birth, and warmly attached to his Southern relatives and friends, he never faltered for an instant in his devoted loyalty to the Union. Nor can it ever be doubted or forgotten that through his prudence and patriotism, and his untiring vigilance and energy, the safety of the Capital was assured, and the inauguration of President Lincoln secured from interruption.
Retiring from the active duties of Commander-in-chief in October, 1861, General Scott has been by no means idle during the four years and a half which have since elapsed. Two volumes of Autobiography which, - though they exhibit not a few of the least attractive elements of his character, and could hardly be cited to prove that, as Dryden says of another in his “ Annus Mirabilis," he was “born, Cæsar-like, to write and act great deeds”-are yet replete with interesting and instructive passages of national and of personal history, have been composed and pub
lished by him during this period ; -- while his counsel and experience have been constantly at the service of the Government, and have more than once been called for under most impressive circumstances. The personal visit of President Lincoln to West Point, to consult the retired Commander-in-chief, at the most critical moment of the war, is still fresh in all our memories, and no higher testimony could have been given of the exalted estimation in which he was held by those who were officially responsible for the preservation of the Union.
General Scott was by no means free from the foibles which proverbially belong to the heroic temperament. His words were not always as wise and well considered as his acts, nor his reasons as sound and sagacious as his conclusions. But in a long life of varied and unintermitted service, he never failed to do the right thing at the right time, and to do it with a will and to a purpose. His noble form and commanding presence will be remembered by all who have ever seen him, and I cannot doubt that the verdict of posterity will confirm the judgment of the present hour, that, morally as well as physically, few grander figures have adorned the history of our country. Had he lived until yesterday, he would have completed his eightieth year, having been born near Petersburgh, Virginia, on the 13th of June, 1786. It was my good fortune to see him and converse with him at New York as lately as the 9th of May, — the day before he embarked for West Point to die amid the scenes which had been most dear to him in life, and which he most desired should be the last on which his eyes should look. And though the infirmities of age had bowed and bent that lion-like frame, and quenched something of the fire of that eagle eye, his heart was still full of patriotic wishes for his beloved country, and his only impatience seemed to be that he could render her no further service. I cannot forget, in this presence, the kind and eager inquiries he made then, and on many previous occasions, for the health of an esteemed fellow-soldier of his youth, whom we are proud to recognize as the first Vice-President of our own Society. Nor can I conclude this imperfect tribute to his memory without reading, as I am sure you will all pardon me for doing, the letter in which, some years previously, he had acknowledged the receipt of the volume of our Proceedings, which I had sent him, containing an account of his election as one of our Honorary members on the 14th of November, 1861.
ELIZABETH, N. J., April 22, 1862. MY DEAR FRIEND, But that I hold a pen with difficulty (from a hurt in the right hand), I should have made a formal acknowledgment of the honor conferred upon me by the Historical Society of Massachusetts, ---a compliment the more pleasing, having been moved by one dear friend (R. C. W.), the President; seconded by another, my excellent brother-soldier (Colonel A.), and unanimously adopted (though out of order) by the meeting. The record of the flattering transaction found in the recent volume of the Society -"Proceedings from 1860-1862,”. which you have just kindly sent to me, gives to the book a priceless value in the estimation of myself and children. Joining in all your patriotic wishes and prayers, I remain ever
Hon. R. C. WINTHROP.
REMARKS MADE AT THE BANQUET GIVEN TO GENERAL GRANT AND THE TRUSTEES
OF THE PEABODY EDUCATION FUND, NEW YORK, MARCH 22, 1867.
MR. PEABODY, LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, - I trust I shall be pardoned for claiming your attention for a single moment. The hour is at hand when this distinguished company is to separate, and when the brilliant occasion which we have so much enjoyed will exist only in those grateful remembrances of the past which can never be effaced from our hearts. It is, I am aware, and was intended to be, a purely social occasion, where any thing of formal speech-making would be quite out of place. But as the chairman of the Board of Trustees, to whom, in company with our illustrious associate General Grant, this banquet has been given, a duty has been imposed on me which I must not omit to discharge.
I hold in my hand a brief series of resolutions which were unanimously adopted by the trustees of the Peabody Education Fund at the close of their proceedings a few hours ago. They were moved by the Hon. William Aiken, of South Carolina, seconded by the Hon. William A. Graham, of North Carolina, and, after eloquent and impressive remarks by Bishop McIlvaine, of Ohio, and by the Hon. William C. Rives, of Virginia, every member of the Board rose in his place in attestation of their adoption.
And let me say in passing, that it is not among the least welcome circumstances of this occasion that our noble host, by the magic of his munificence, - more powerful than that of any Midas of old, - has brought together, around a common board, Virginia and New York, North Carolina and Ohio, South Carolina and Massachusetts, Maryland and Pennsylvania, in the persons of so many of their distinguished sons, once more to consult together on subjects relating to the highest interests of the whole American people; and once more to interchange those assurances of mutual regard and respect which are the best and only pledges of permanent and perpetual Union.
If Mr. Peabody had accomplished no other object but this, he would have entitled himself to the heartfelt homage of every lover of his country.
These resolutions I have been instructed to communicate to you, sir, at the close of the banquet this evening. And what opportunity could present itself so fit for the communication of such resolutions, adopted by such a board under such circumstances, as that which I find here and now, in presence of these troops of friends whom you have gathered around you? I am sure I shall have the concurrence and the sympathy of every one who hears me, both in the resolutions themselves and in the few words with which I shall venture to accompany them. But let me hasten to read them as they came from the hand, and I may say from the heart, of my valued friend Governor Aiken:
Resolved, That we tender to our distinguished and noble friend, Mr. Peabody, our thanks for his munificent hospitality to us, during our sittings, while organizing our Board, both in Washington and New York.
Resolved, That we consider our appointments as Trustees of this grand charity as a very high honor, and one which we acknowledge most cordially.
Resolved, That our friend being about to leave his native land for England, we hope that a kind Providence will take him under his guidance and protection, and return him once more to us. We trust he will then be able to see the fruits of the work of his great charity and remarkable wisdom.
Resolved, That the Chairman communicate the foregoing resolutions to Mr. Peabody after the banquet of this evening.
And now, my friends, I will attempt no panegyric upon Mr. Peabody. Distant, far distant, be the day when his eulogy may be appropriately pronounced! I feel, too, that his deeds of munifi