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WITH
ACCURATE DESCRIPTIONS as well of the
various MACHINES, INSTRUMENTS, Tools, FIGURES,

and SCHEMES necessary for illustrating them,

AS OF

The Classes, Kinds, Preparations, and Uses of NATURAL
PRODUCTIONS, whether ANIMALS, VEGETABLES,
MINERALS, Fossils, or FLUIDS ;

Together with
The KINGDOMS, PROVINCES, CITIES, Towns, and

other remarkable Places throughout the World.
Illustrated with above Three Hundred COPPER-PLATES,

engraved by Mr. Jefferys, Geographer to His Majes T Y.
The Whole extracted from the Best Authors in all Languages.

By a SOCIETY of GENTLE ME N.

The SECOND EDITION,
With many ADDITIONS, CORRECTIONs, and other IMPROVEMENTS.

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L O N D ON:
Printed for W. Owen, at Homer's Head, in Fleet-street.

M DCC LXIII.

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D

One of the letters of the alpha- Among roman writers D stands for di. bet, the fourth in order, and

vus, decimus , devotus, diebus, and diutius. the third confonant. It is form.

Among musicians D marks, in thorough ed in the voice, by applying the top of basses, what the italians call descanto, the tongue to the fore-part of the palate, and intimates, that the treble ought to and then separating them with a gentle.

play alone, as T does the tenor, and B gust of the breath, the lips being at the the bass. See the article DESCANT. lame time open.

DC, in the italian music, an abbrevi. Grainmarians generally rank D among ation of da capo, that is, from the head, the lingual letters, because the tongue or beginning i these words, or letters, has the principal fare in its pronuncia- being commonly met with at the end tion ; but the abbot de Dangeau makes

of rondeaus, or such airs and tunes as it a palatal one. It has but one sound,

end with the first train, intimate that somewhat related to that of T.

the song is to be begun again, and ended The form of our D is the same with that

with the first part. of the Latins, as appears by antient me. DAB, in ichthyology, the english name of dals and inscriptions. And the D of

a fpecies of pleuronectes, with the eyes the Latins is only the Greek A made a on the right lide, obtuse teeth, a spine little rounder, by being made quicker,

near the anus, and the body defended by and at two strokes only.

rough scales. See PLEURONECTES. The letter D has the same name, and DABŮL, a port town in the province of possesses the same place, in the Hebrew, Decan, on the weltern coast of the hither Chaldee, Samaritan, Syriac, Greek, and India, north lat. 17° 30', caft long. 22° Latin alphabets, though somewhat difa ferently pronounced ; as in the Hebrew, DĂCA, a city of the province of Bengal, Chaldee, and Samaritan Daleth, in the

in the East Indies, situated on a branch Syriac Dolath, and in the Greek Delta.

of the river Ganges, east long. 89°, and As a numeral, D denotes 500; and north lat, 23° 30'. with a dash over it, thus D, 5000. Used DA CAPO. See D C, fupra. in abbreviation, it has various fignifica- DACE, the english name of a species of tions: thus, D. stands for doctor, as cyprinus, very common in our rivers : M. D. doctor of medicine ; D. T. doctor it is longer and more fender than the of theology; D. D. fignifies doctor of roach, and has ten rays in the fin beside divinity, or dono dedit;

'D. D. D. is used the anús. See the article CYPRINUS. for dat, dicat, dedicat ; and D. D.D.D. The dace is the senderest and most round. for dignum deo donum dedit,

ed in the body of all the cyprini ; its Vol. II.

SP2

ulual

30°.

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