Abbildungen der Seite

scientific Notices,


to enable your Royal Highness to perceive, that a very

simple arrangement will admit of its being done. For the WARRANTED TO SUPPORT THE WEARER IN THE Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve. same reason, I only state, that to the axis of each carriage ATER, EITHER NAKED OR WITH HIS CLOTHES

ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sin- i would be connected clock work, which would show the Oy, AYD WITH A CONSIDERABLE WEIGHT OF

gular Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanical, Phi. person who has charge of the carriage how far he has gone, XONEY OR OTHER ARTICLES IN HIS POCKETS.

losophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mineralogical and where he is, to a yard, so that there will be no uncerPhenomena, or singular Facts in Natural History ; tainty as to when and where to prepare for stopping, by Vegetation, &c. ; Antiquities, &c.

gradually diminishing the motion of the carriage. There

will be every facility for perfect vision, as at each end of MR. VALLANCE'S NEW MODE OF PROPULSION BY THE every carriage will be fixed a portable gas light. AIR IN A TUNNEL.

Tenthly, this principle possesses an advantage over common roads, as well as railroads and canals, which will,

under all circumstances, be generally, and, in some (Concluded from our last.]

cases, highly important. This advantage is, that the

cause of motion (the atmospheric pressure) will act ver23

Sixthly, a degree of exhaustion, or vacuum, which is tically as well as horizontally; and that in consequence The particular attention of those who use the Marine not sufficient visibly to affect the barometer, being enough of it, the filling up of hollows, and also deep cutting, as

to move the carriage with persons in it, so as for them to for canals and railroads, is unnecessary. Not that it Life Preserver is requested to the following directions.

experience the effect, and fully comprehend the operation would be advisable to select hilly ground; though perkis very desirable to wear an under-waistcoat of flannel of the principle, it becomes evident that the idea at first fectly possible to go over any, the most abrupt rises, even

some other substance, the thicker the better. This, entertained of a perfect vacuum! being indispensible, is were they nearly perpendicular. But that any rise or fall besides keeping the body warmer than when naked, most erroneous; and the objections which at first present over which a carriage road can be cut, would be quite erres to prevent the cross-belt from chafing the wearer in themselves to us, relative to the difficulty of constructing level enough for the operation of the principle. seimming. The proprietors also particularly recommend the cylinder-of making the joints air tight, and of so Eleventhly, I now mention the expense per mile, which a strong púr of drawers, with a loop (2, 3) on each side, adapting the ends of the vehicle to the cylinder as should I think will not in Russia exceed £10,000. The calcu. jast above the bips. A strong piece of tape or apron prevent the passage of any important quantity of air, with lations on which this opinion is founded I do not here string sold be fastened to each of these loops, and when out occasioning great friction, are all seen to exist only in submit to your Royal Highness; but at such time as may the jackets Forn, these tapes should be put through the imagination. In the cylinder which Mr. Vallance has in be necessary they will be ready for transmission. TO staples, the jacket drawn down, and the drawers operation at Brighton, there is a space of above an inch in Twelfthly, the expense of transit or carriage, by this Po as close as possible. This is found to be of the great-width, purposely left all round between the cylinder and principle : assuming that the combined effect of the im. st importance, as it prevents the jacket from slipping up the end of the carriage which forms the piston, against proved railway in the cylinder, and the six-fold diameter ards, and it keeps the collar down in the water, and con. which the air presses to drive the carriage along; yet does of the wheels, should not render any given power capable quently elevates the wearer higher in floating.

not the air which rushes through this crevice (though it is of moving more than on the single-line railway (vide my The mode of putting on this Marine Life Preserver is in the whole equal to an aperture of two square feet) pre- | Report of August, 1825,) one horse would move twenty

simple as to require little or no direction, as a bare in- vent the operation of the principle; its sole effect being | tons; but independent of the effect which the wheels, lection of the figure will enable almost any person to un- a loss of a proportion of the power employed to drive the being six times larger, would have in diminishing friction,

and it The head is put through the aperture in the air-pumps,-a loss which Mr. Vallance intentionally sub. the expense of transmission would be diminished many f ras, and the upper part of the cork collar brought in mits to, for the sake of proving that a very large portion times, from the following circumstances :-On the single

root, Dearly in contact with the chin. The strap (1) of air may rush by the piston end of the carriage, without line railway, the power employed is that of horses ; and could be buckled as tight as the wearer can bear it; preventing the effect of the principle. Vide pages 30 considering the construction of that railway, and the height this keeps the jacket from slipping up, and also keeps and 31. ..

the rail must be in some situations above the ground, I body warm. Any person who prefers it, may line the Seventhly, nor will the degree to which it may be neces. do not conceive that locomotive engines can be ever used

tas with flannel; and if the strap should be found too sary to exhaust, or, as it may in other words be termed, upon it. Horse power is twenty-four times as dear as and, it might also be lined.

egree of vacuum" required, to move even a very elementary power employed in the way the treatise points These Marine Preservers will be found the most com

great weight, interpose any insuperable difficulty. In the out. Assuming, therefore, that the friction of the rarefied table when worn with two pairs of drawers, or a pair of

el cylinder at Brighton, & party, consisting of his Grace the air again

of his Grace the air against the inside of the cylinder, as stated at pages Baters and a pair of breeches, which are preferable to

Duke of Bedford, the Earl of Lauderdale, Lord Holland, 68 and 74, should increase the power required ten times, ose trosses. A cloth jacket or spencer may also be

Lord W. Russel, Lady W. Russel, and another lady and still would the expense of carriage be less than by the Ved over the flannel under waistcoat. The Marine Pre

gentleman, were all at the same time experiencing the single-line railway, while we should attain the important arter will sustain the wearer with all these articles, and

operation of the principle, on the day I was last at Brigh- advantage of being able to transmit 10,000 tons, at any shoes or boots

ton, with a degree of exhaustion not exceeding two drachms rate between what railways now transmit at and 100 miles per square inch; a proportion of vacuum which would per hour, for an expense which, as relates to power, would

lower the barometer about one-hundredth of an inch. be only the twenty-fifth part of a farthing per ton per PURTHER PUBLIC EXPERIMENTS.

Practice therefore proves, as well as the arguments in Da Friday last, about two o'clock, six gentlemen,

pages 47 and 48, that a very trivial degree of exbaustion But even were the friction of the rarefied air against

Ry Six gentlemen will be sufficient to move a considerable load, and as it will the inside of the cylinder to increase the power required putered with collar jackets and bathing dresses, entered be perfectly practicable to exhaust to a degree, that should I ten times, as I have suppose

be perfectly practicable to exhaust to a degree, that should ten times, as I have supposed, it is not imperative that river between the Floating Bath and George's Pier, passed the Prince's Pier with a very strong ebb tide. Leer

render a barometer exposed to a vacuum inside the cylin. the expense of transmission must be increased in a similar

der, several, if not many inches lower than one would degree. Owing to its being well known and universally wunately it was sufficiently rough to show the utility Labana

stand exposed to the atmosphere, I do not think the amount received, steam is the first mover or power Mr. Vallance the jackets in a stormy sea. After the party passed

stated in page 27 more than it may be possible to move at has referred to. The researches of men of science in venhernmost point of the Prince's Pier, they had to

one time. And with reference to weights of 50 or 100 England have, however, been for some years directed to hunter so heavy a sea, that, although very near to

tons, such as locomotive engines draw at once, there will means of rendering the gases first movers, instead of ker, tbey frequently lost sight of each other, and

certainly be no difficulty at all, let the velocity they are steam, under the hope of obtaining an agent which should in the trough of the sea, lost sight also of the Lan. moved at be what it may.

serve as a mechanical first mover, without fuel. From Lake and Cheshire shores. The distance they passed wys.

Eighthly, under the trivial degree of exhaustion which the year 1820, the attention of Mr. Vallance has been have been about two miles, and they could have will in

will thus, generally speaking, be necessary, your Royal directed to this subject, with a view of rendering the Med the Rock in another quarter of an hour, had Highness will perceive that rendering the cylinder suffi. method of conveyance the treatise refers to pertect, in the L lad their clothes in the boat which accompanied ciently air tighi for the purpose, will be far less difficult

particular of cheapness of transmission; and about two Only one of the party had his clothes with him; I than it is at first supposed. 'Indeed, I see so many differ years ago he obtained a patent for a first mover, which d the remainder had been left at the Floating Bath.

ent ways of doing it, that I am satisfied it would not, in will give ten times the power of steam, without any exfircunstance obliged them to get into the boat, in

practice, prove more difficult, nor indeed so difficult, as pense for fuel; the principle of which is stated in the e to return. This was the most unpleasant part of the

causing some canals I have seen to retain the water let tract, marked letter B, which I have obtained from him, kt, as they had to remain for upwards of half an hour into them. Vide p. 45.

for the perusal of your Royal Highness. ned to a strong north wind, only covered with a few

Ninthly, nor will there be any difficulty in regulating The power therein referred to, proposed to be used in. de and a plaid cloak.

the motion of, and stopping the vehicle. The shortest way stead of steam, would so greatly reduce the expense of they were all highly delighted with the excursion, and of rendering this evident to your Royal Highness, will be transmission, that the cost of power would be ten times

them volunteered to join the party the following to suppose the end of the carriage which, when in motion, less than by the single-line railroad. It will also be equally On Boating down the river, one of the gentlemen stands across the cylinder, at a right angle with its course, superior in point of safety and security from accidents, as tied an umbrella in one hand and in the other the tin to be capable of turning on a pivot; so that it may be it is in point of ecenomy and expedition ; it being, as

to be capable of turning on a pivot: so that it m of the Floating Bath, which he kept sounding as he moved one quarter of a circle, and placed in a line with stated in page 81, absolutely impossible to be overturned. Phed away.

the course of the cylinder : or edge to wind, like a sail Thus combining expedition exceeding that of posting, Da Saturday, about three o'clock, the experiment was when it shivers. The consequence of this would be, that with economy equal to that of canal transmission, it must peaed, with similar success, in the presence of a vast as the air would pass by without pressing against it, the appear that this principle is most importantly advantageous

course of people. If the weather should become power which moved the carriage forward would be taken to an empire so vast in its extent as that of Russia, and, Inter some farther excursions may, probably, be made off"; and as the wheel could at the same time be dragged consequently, fully authorizes me most strongly to recom.

e river, of wbich due notice will be given although by a friction lever, while other levers caused friction mend that the government should immediately contract Salmost superfluous; as those persons who, after the against the side of the cylinder, the progress of the car with Mr. Vallance, to send a practical illustration of the Deriment on Friday, are not convinced of the utility riage could be commanded and stopped at pleasure. This principle, such as he has in operation at Brighson, which this simple apparatus, must be determined to reject con method of removing the effect of the pressure of the air being capable of carrying your Royal Highness, the Mem

on altogetfier; and upon such individuals we shall against the carriage, not being that which would be made bers of the Council, and Generals of the Arrondissements, W raste a Ford.

use of in practice, my reason for adverting to it is solely over a space sufficient to demonstrate the practicability of


the proposition, will place within command a reply to all palace than they deigned to bestow upon any other saw the commencement of the savage scene objections from ignorant or interested persons.

of the splendid residences of the Florentine nobility ; rushed to the street too late to prevent the outras It has been deemed essentially important to the welfare of Russia, to promote internal communications by canals,

though many were the dark eyes, and many the fair but her fate was linked with that of Buondelmon and immense sums have been expended in cutting them; forms which the crowded windows boasted: and --and throwing herself upon his vet warm corses but owing to the long duration of winter, they are useless conscious of her beauty, vain of the flattering dis- breathed out the last sigh of a broken heart, a during half the year, and so slow is the rate of transmis.

tinctions which she continually received, and buoy- (lived not to witness the calamities which her kis sion by them, that, even when in full operation, they can hardly serve to convey goods from one part of the empire ant with youthful hope, the happiest auguries of the men's weapons entailed upon Florence. The Guel to the other, before winter locks them up again. Rail. future destiny of one so favoured by nature and by faction took up arms to revenge the murder of ways also, owing to the period the snow lies on the ground,

fortune blessed her waking dreams. Sought in mar-ondelmonti : the Ghibellines, headed by the Ubel and the continual drifting of it which takes place, would be available scarcely more than half the year.

riage by the noblest families of the city, Altea ex- retaliated by fresh aggressions; and, during the sta But the principle here adverted to, not being liable ercised the privilege accorded to beauty, and became of three and thirty years, the relentless strife to interruption either from frost or snow, and equally

somewhat fastidious in her choice; but if she vacil. tinued in the massacre of both parties. The Ghib effective by night as by day, offers a means of rendering the extremities of the empire contiguous to each other; lated between the merits of the chief of the Cornari, lines at length prevailing, drove the opposite facti and will do this at a much less charge than can ever be or the heir of Delle Torre, she hesitated no longer from the city; but were in turn expelled by the t done by canals, or any other mode of conveyance. The when Guido Buondelmonti professed himself her umphant Guelphs, and were never afterwards able vast importance of this principle to Russia, both in a military and commercial point of view, it is unnecsssary

admirer. Gay and graceful in the dance, ever the regain their ancient power and influence. for me to state to your Royal Highness; but I consider victor in the lists and at the ring, and bearing on the manifold advantages it presents sufficiently demon. his brow a wreath won in bloody strife upon the strated, to prompt me to recommend its speedy adoption,

plains of Lombardy, he was exalted by general from St. Petersburgh to Tsarsko-selo, the river Volga,

(ORIGINAL) Moscow, and the Black Sea. acclamation above all his youthful contemporaries,

WILLIAM COULING, K. V. &c. and, like Altea, became the idol of one sex and the
London, Dec. 21, 1826.

envy of the other. How gaily and how rapidly flew
the hours, when, seated side by side, the lovers

Tales, Romances, &c. whispered tender tales into each other's raptured
ears, striking the minstrel string in praise of those


charms and accomplishments which formed the

universal theme. All radiant with smiles, happiness “The love of woman is a fearful thing." -Byron A Tale of Italian History.

beamed round the angelic countenance of Altea, like “Marry, here comes a couple of strange beasts who is

a halo; the half-starved beggar in the streets blessed countries are called fools."
the glad beauty as she passed along, his sunk eye! The

The feelings which animated Fitzosborne and Byd beaming with an unwonted ray at the sight of so as they anticipated a speedy retreat from Manchet Amid the numberless memorials which the fair much happy loveliness. The whole city rejoiced in were, alas! soon destroyed. Alice Hardman, owing and stately city of Florence contains of its ancient her felicity; for if some taint of earth had marred | the motion of the carriage, had recovered her senses, feuds, the fierce and cruel struggles of its nobles for the brightness of her perfections before she had Fitzosborne was endeavouring 'to calm her agitated pril power, and the private and personal quarrels whence learned to live for the sole purpose of pleasing one when a loud and piercing shriek arrested their attento sprang its most furious civil wars,-one lowly grave treasured object, the excess of her affection for Rycliffe, who was busily employed in driving the curting stone, lost amid the surrounding splendours of art, Buondelmonti had purified her character from its no sooner heard the appalling cry, than, dropping exists, though seldom noticed by the traveller, putting dross; she grew meek and gentle, cnltivating each reins, he sprung from his seat, and sped towards a forth its silent and disregarded claim to the attention feminine grace with all the ardour promoted by a from whence it seemed to issue ; but his course we lavished upon monuments unpossessed of half the pure attachment: the charms too proudly displayed pedea by

peded by the female mentioned in the last chapter interest attached to this frail tablet. The unsculp- to attract the wondering multitude, were now only

being present when Fitzosborne discovered Alice He

only man at the couch of her dying father. tured marble covers the ashes of one whose sorrows prized as the chain which bound her lover. .

"Lady, whence arises that fearful cry?" said Ryd and whose wrongs first kindled the flame of deadly! The sun-bit eyes of Altea were suddenly overcloud. I hurriedly addressing her, “perchance some one or warfare between the Ghibelline and the Guelph fac-ed; the rosy lip lost its joyous smile; and tears the agonies of death claims the notice of a Chris tions, which rendered the chief of the Tuscan states coursed each other down those pale cheeks, so lately | brother?" a scene of hatred and dissention. While all Italy dimpled with delight. Buondelmonti, the spoiled "Pool,” exclaimed Ellen Raymond, “I gave the was distracted by the contest between the Emperor child of fortune, no longer checked his caracoling but it was not the cry of death, but a warning from and the Pope, Florence, though joining the league steed at the gate of the Uberti palace, but fascinated living: stand aside, I charge thee," she continued, against the former, was blessed with comparative by the charms of some new beanty, rode on, tossing jestically waving her arm, « whilst I confront those tranquillity; the supporters of either party lived his white plume on high, and laughing scomfully as fondly expected soon to place beyond the bounds of p4 within the walls at peace with each other: but an he passed the residence of the woman he had aban

infected Manchester," insult offered to the daughter of a noble family, doned. Altea's tears fell not unheeded: she pos

Saying this, she advanced, and confronted Fitzostal plunged the whole population into strife and blood-sessed kinsmen who surveyed her altered counte

| and Alice Hardman. Her eyes wildly glaring shed. The mouldering grave of Altea Uberti, half nance with looks in which pity contended with

youthful pair ; her raven locks flowing in disorder hidden in the long rank grass which overshadows it anger. The unhappy girl read the feelings which ment

"her shoulders ; her heightened colour and frantic de -blackening under the influence of time with its those around her strove to repress in her presence; I deliver the degrees of fate. Por a time she gazed 0

gs which ment-gave no bad idea of a youthful priestess abod scarcely legible inscription, yet inspires mingled feel- and drying her eyes, and struggling to obtain the lovers in silence, whilst they regarded her with asto. ings of tenderness and melancholy to those who de command of features convulsed with internal agony, I ment and alarm. Alice Hardman was the first to rive a pensive pleasure in dwelling upon the recol. I appeared again at the open lattice; but she could silence. “Whence comes it, dearest cousin," sald lection of the storied dead. Once the fairest and the not deceive the penetrating eyes of those who hung “ that thou art still in Manchester ? Methought proudest beauty of Florence, all eyes paid homage to upon every look, by the outward show of tranquillity: thou left me, ere the dissolution of my father, thou the charms of its loveliest daughter; every lip was and her brothers prepared to avenge the injury which far from this dreadful spot." loud in its tribute of admiration; and many fond she had sustained: they watched for the white pal..

“Ha, ha,” replied Ellen Raymond, laughing wu and faithful hearts were laid in lowly offering at her frey of the perjured lover, as he rode through the city,

" thinkest thou I could speed hence when the strong feet. The young, the gay, and the gallant crowded unarmed and in his gala dress, to the bridal feast,

of the mighty opposes all egress from Manchester ? 11 in Altea's train, standing behind the stone lattice- and rushing from behind the portal where they had

| forgettest, loving cousin, that thou and Reginald Fru work of the richly-carved balcony.

y na borne cannot leave the town; and the plague, the pla The troop of ca- so often stood to welcome him as their guest, they will speedily destroy ye both. Ob, it will be glorio valiers who daily passed along on their route to the dragged their enemy from his horse, and plunging see thee defrauded of thy lover, and when tho tilt-yard, made a longer pause, and bent with more their daggers in his body, deluged the pavement Fitzosborne will for a time be the lover of Ellen Kaydee courteous reverence before the front of the Uberti with his life-blood. Altea, from the balcony above, “What meanest thou, fair Ellen ?" cried Fi

z nam, "why dost thou speak so wildly touching our and the son of my benefactor will be the last of his race, died happy, in the knowledge that thou wast far from this scape from Manchester ?"

May the curses of hell light upon Ellen Raymond, for scene of disease and death." "Reginald Fitzosborne,” replied Ellen, in a calm and she has surely sacrificed us to her mad passion !"

" Talk not thus,” replied Fitzosborne ; “methinks we abdued voice, whilst her eyes rested upon the ground, “Oh, Alice, my beloved,” exclaimed Fitzosborne, may yet live ; and then doubly wilt thou love thy RegiLad ber cheeks assumed an ashy paleness; “Reginald franticly, and heedless of the remarks of Rycliffe, “thou pald, for thus periling himself for thy sake.”, Bitzosbome, then thou first came to woo Alice Hardman, wilt be cut off in thy prime, and I shall be cursed for the entrance of Rycliffe interrupted this tender collo

y heart acknowledged thee its lord. Oh, what hours of ever." Alice replied not ; her head rested upon the shoul- quy. He motioned Fitzosborne aside, and then informed Bisery bare I passed, as I beheld thee fondly clasping to der of Reginald, and the tears flowed plenteously from her him of the state of affairs in the town, and the necessity thine heart a maiden who was not Ellen Raymond. Oft soft blue eyes.

of the immediate interment of the father of Alice. To huate I, in the bitterness of my soul, resolved to destroy "Speed instantly back," said Rycliffe to Fitzosborne, this Fitzosborne assented, and bidding Alice to abide in Diy hated rival, and as oft has mine heart revolted from and place the lady in the house of her father, whilst I the apartment until his return, he retired with Rycliffe. the deed. But when I knew that on this day Alice Hard- go to meet and counsel with this betrayed multitude." They speedily wrapped up the body of Hugh Hardman, Dan vould become thy bride, the torments of the damned Rycliffe turned the horses' heads, and giving the reins to and lifting it, bore it from the house. As they crossed the rate seak compared to the pangs that rent my bosom. Fitzosborne, he went forwards on foot to meet the mi-market-place, they saw evident proofs that the plague was ph, then, bow joyous was I when the first symptoms of serable crowd.

pursuing its destructive career. Of the crowd who had so plague appeared in Manchester. Speedily did I despatch When he encountered the multitude, he exclaimed, in lately returned to the town, numbers lay extended in the

emissary to warn the guard destined to encompass the a loud and cheerful tone, “ Inform me, I pray ye, why agonies of death, and their livid countenances and glaring own, should the plague rage within it, not to let any one arises this despairing cry which now rends the air ?" For eyes struck with horror the hearts of the two friends.

without its boundary; and now, now the guard is a moment the cry ceased, and the crowd gazed with asto “ Merciful Heaven !” exclaimed Fitzosborne, as he beSrayn, and Alice Hardman will never become the wife of nishment on the man who spoke thus undeuntedly in the held the direful spectacle of the plague's progress; “it Reginald Fitzasborne!”

midst of such direful peril; at length a universal cry burst will be vain to attempt the resistance of our dreadful foe. Ella paused, whilst Fitzosborne and Alice sunk back from them of “ The Plague! the Plague !"

Oh, Alice, Alice ! thou wilt yet perish, and Fitzosborne Fa dimss at the appalling tidings.

“ Hush, ye fools," cried Rycliffe, “I know well that will not survive thee.” *Woran,” cried Rycliffe, advancing, and seizing El. the plague rages amongst ye; but wherefore do ye return, “ Now thou art a very woman, Reginald,” cried Ry

Raymond by the arm, “thou art mad! Now, by seeing I encountered ye a little while ago crossing the river cliffe, " for thus giving way to despair. Tush, man, thou Sara, 'an thou hast done so foul a deed as that thou and escaping from the town ?"

mayest yet live, and rule over the manor of Ravenscliffe." Eskest of, not even thy sex shall shield thee from my “The soldiers oppose our egress," exclaimed a thou. “But Alice, Alice Hardman !” exclaimed Reginald st vengeance."

sand voices: “we are lost and betrayed; the plague will wildly, “ she will perish by reason of the plague ; her "Asay,” said Ellen, proudly, “I despise thy threats. speedily destroy us."

tender frame cannot support a conflict so direful as that bo art thou that pratest of harm against Ellen Ray- « 'Tis even so," muttered Rycliffe ; " the town will she must endure."

d! Hush, fool, get thee hence, or perchance I may speedily be depopulated, and Heaven knows what may be | “ Peace, I pray thee, foolish boy," cried Rycliffe," and uma thee in a way thou little wottest of.”

the issue.” Again he raised his voice and cried, “ 'Tis let us finish our present task ere we pretend to talk of **01, I pray thee, harm her not," cried Alice, mourn vain for ye, inhabitants of Manchester, to raise the cry of future events.”

she is bereft of her senses, and talks she knows despair in your streets; summon your courage, and let They had now arrived near to the church of Manchester, What Assist her to mount the carriage; it may be those amongst ye who are able and willing to govern the situated behind the market-place, with which it had com| wat bergpeech is as false as her present appearance." town assemble in council, and decide on the course to be munication by means of a narrow street, called Mill Gate.

Por lady,” said Rycliffe, “I much fear what she taken in the present dreadful crisis.” The crowd made no The church, in the year of the great plague, was a large, er but too true. Nathless, if she be willing, Will answer, but again raised the cry of anguish and despair. richly-adorned Gothic building, and stood in the centre of dule will not oppose her escape from herce.”

“Beshrew me but your cries will soon be silenced in a large space of ground, then not inclosed, yet used for Rpdiste tbeta attempted to place Ellen Raymond in the death,” cried Rycliffe. “Fool that I was to counsel ye; the burial ground of the inhabitants of Manchester. In antispe, but, barsting from his arms, she exclaiined, the winds of heaven would have profited as much by it as this ground Fitzosborne and Rycliffe purposed to deposit Fala! think re I speak not the truth, touching your ye will. By my faith, it is best for me to return to Regi- the mortal remains of Hugh Hardman, and finding a

unity? He, ba, ye will soon find that I am a true nald' Fitzosborne, for lingering with ye will avail me grave open, they laid the body in it; then breathing a Fate of evil tidings." Saying this, she rushed down the nothing."

short prayer, they covered the body with earth, and left Peet, and speedily disappeared from view.

Accordingly, he returned at a good pace towards the the churchyard. "Lady," said Rycliffe to Alice, as he again mounted market-place, and speedily arrived there. Here he en “Return now, I pray thee, to Alice Hardman," said e carriage, e who is the maidevi who speaks thus wildly countered a fresh crowd, which had endeavoured to escape Rycliffe, as they entered the market-place: “I go to obDehing her hatred of thee and her love for Fitzosborne ? from the town by the east side, but with no better success serve what passes in this plague-stricken and miserable Labisks if she has spoken the truth, not all that earth than their fellows. Almost at the same instant a party, And give can shield us from the stroke of death.” who had attempted to cross the river and escape into Sal. Fitzosborne returned to Alice Hardman, whilst Rycliffe,

Ale replied Alice, “ she was once as joyous a forđe, made their appearance; and now it was discovered, crossing the market-place, again entered Deansgate. He and seter trod the earth; but something has latterly so swiftly had the intelligence of the plague been carried was proceeding leisurely along, when his ears were assailed khud her heart and turned her brain, and she has oft to the military cordon, that scarcely a single inhabitant by a deep groan or grunt, which seemingly proceeded led bus wildly: she is mine own cousin, the daughter had escaped from the town.

from the back part of a small house, near which he was of mother's brother, and she has been with me from Thus in the month of August, 1605, the whole of the passing. Anxious to discover the cause of this strange

inhabitants of Manchester, to the amount of seven thou. noise, Rycliffe entered the house, (the door being open,) Bestorey me, but I guess well what has thus early sand, were cooped within a narrow district, four miles in and passing through it into the yard, gazed around for khed het hopes," cried Rycliffe." What sayest thou, each direction, afflicted with the plague, in a state of the purpose of gratifying his curiosity. Observing nothing Saborte?"

insubordination, and with but few provisions. Men in strange or uncommon, he was about to retire, when an. Renald, who had hitherto main lained a mournful si-years, young maidens, children, youths, and persons of other deep grunt saluted his ear, at no great distance from n adly exclaimed, “ Talk not chus, I pray thee, all ages, sexes, and degrees, were mingled in one confused it. Narrowly looking towards the place from whence the rife. By Heaven, it much grieves me to see so fair a and diseased mass, each striving to prolong a miserable sounds came, he discovered a human head peering above

blasted in its prime; but mine heart bears witness existence, and avert the calamities which afflicted his or a water-tub filled to the brim. Startled at this strange Knete did I seek to win the love of Ellen Raymond, her neighbour. But to return

apparition, Rycliffe advanced, and discovered that it was be even for a moment false to my true love, Alice Hard- Rycliffe again entered the babitation of Alice Hard. in truth a human head, with the breath of life in its nos

Alice gazed upon him with a look of fondness man; an habitation which he lately deemed he had left I trils. Seizing it by the hair, he cried, gratimde, and pressed the hand she held in hers.'' perhaps for ever. “The dead father must speedily be “Why, what the devil art thou that abidest in this At this moment a loud wailing cry was borne by the interred," said he, as he mounted the staircase; “ and, strange place of residence ?" Scarcely had he spoken Freze to the ears of the trio, and a few minutes had by my faith, there is no time to lose," he continued, as when a pair of shoulders, to which the head was affixed, Micel, elapsed ere they beheld the vast multitude Rycliffe a nauseous effluvia from the corse saluted his olfactory emerged from the water-tub; these were succeeded by a

d Fitzosborne had before observed, now returning to nerves. A deep sob directed him to the apartment which pair of stalwart arms, and by the breast, back, and waist Eelowo, with looks of anguish, terror, and despair, and Alice and Fitzosborne occupied : he entered, and found of a man. cling the air with shrieks, curses, and supplications. the latter endeavouring to comfort his beloved.

"Speak !” again cried Rycliffe, “who or what art thou "Heaven have mercy upon us !" cried Rycliffe, as he “I could have borne all, dearest Reginald,” murmured that abidest in this water-tub?" Ehed the crowd returning; “ for earthly aid can now no Alice, “ if thou badst been far from Manchester. Oh !! “Oh, dudna, dunna harm me!" exclaimed a voice re. Inget avail us. Oh, Fitzosborne, thou wilt yet perish, had it pleased Heaven to take me hence, I should have sembling the sound of a cracked peany trumpet, “my


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name's Timothy Bokanky; an au coom hither to larn notice, together with my reasons for so doing. He . Atliscellanies, something abeawt th' pleague."

no sooner received it than he commenced operations " Beshrew me,” cried Rycliffe, laughing, “and thou to rid the house of such pests. His plan was no

ABERNETHY'S LECTURES. hast chosen a precious place of observation : but emerge

sooner matured than executed, and he succeeded in A Spare Diet." There was a friend of mine," : from thy observatory, and let me behold thee as thou

putting the visitors to flight, with a promise from Mr. Abernethy, “who was supposed to be dying a really art.”

hepatic affection; a thorough break-up: he was advade His command he accompanied with an action which the master of the house never to admit the like

in life; his liver was all wrong, and be was dyineplainly intimated he must be obeyed. The unfortunate again, on pain of having his character exposed

again, on pain of having his character exposed to his least so bis doctor said ; but as he was dying, and I

or and the nublic Lam fully convinced that | drowning man will always catch at a straw, he expres wight was, therefore, per force, compelled to evacuate bis employer and the public. I am fully convinced that

a particular desire to see me, to know if I could order i position, and soon stood before Rycliffe in puris naturali. landlords, in general, are not particular enough with

thing that would do him good. I was sent for, and I, bus." The figure that was now presented to the eyes of the regard to the characters they admit into their houses;

| into the country to see him. I said to him, Upon aforesaid Rycliffe, was that of a man about five feet high, for it matters not to some what description of persons life, Sir, I should be most happy if I could suggesti with a thin body, long lank visage, and a pair of legs re- engages their houses, so that they get the money.

thing that was likely to do you good, but I am very ig sembling drumsticks, well-covered with coarse hair. “And If landlords (and the good order of a neighbourhood don't think I could suggest more judicious treatment

rant of the medical profession, and if I were not, i te so thou art Timothy Bokanky, ostler at the Dog and rests in a great measure with them) would follow the has been prescribed ; but, Sir, I shall give you a led Partridge ?" said Rycliffe. “By my faith, and a pre- same course as mine adopted, the most beneficial on your diet, in the presence of your medical man. cious emissary thou art, to abide here instead of informing results would follow-I am grieved to see so many he drank no wine, but he did that which, for any thing

knew the man before; be prided himself on his vim Giles Philpot, thy master, of the state of the town. But

| respectable neighbourhoods annoyed with these pests know, is as bad-he eat most preposterously-Fas an why abode thou in the water.tub ?" Timothy here commenced a long and rambling harangue,

I of society. It would be well if our magistrates would | fect glutton. Now, (said I) I know you like milk; Ish from which it appeared, that, coming to town, and find. inflict some corporal punishment on them, whether

| give you a cup of milk for breakfast, and you may pa

piece of bread in it, but not one drop of the milk dsplan ing the plague really did exist, he resolved 10 return,

e. The usual mode of indicting is by the bread must be replaced in the cup : vou marts and, as per order, inform his master of the circumstance. useless : it only removes them from one house to in a new-laid egg to dinner, and a piece of bread and buy

| about four o'clock you may drink some soda-water, But unluckily he was too late, for the military was already crease their numbers in another.-As I am myself,

then have done for the day. Continue that for some drawn ; and he had the consolation of beholding his mas. Sir, but a feeble exposer of these infamous places of

taking it at the distance of every six hours in the da ter and the inn at some half mile's distance, without hav. resort, I trust that you will succeed in checking, if not He did so; and, egad, the man got well ; be seemed ing the chance of accosting the one or entering the other. in eradicating, what is considered by all well-disposed

dicating, what is considered by all well-disposed have grown young again ; he got quite active, and re He had, therefore, returned to Manchester ; and think- persons to be the most shameless and crying sin ofl


afterwards he asked me to dine with him; I went, a ing the most effectaal method of resisting the plague would our town

OBSERVER. saw him just at his old trick, stuffing most enote be by immersion in water, he resolved to carry such a

| P. S. As my neighbour acknowledged his fault to



quantities of food into his mouth. After dinner, scheme into execution; and, discovering his late abode,

I walked in the garden ; he was a merchant, and in (viz., the water-tub) he stripped himself and entered it, the landlord, with a solemn promise never to be |

solemn promise never to be course of our walk I said to him. • Prav. Sir, what whence his unlucky groans were the means of his being guilty of the like again, I do not wish to have bim you think of a man, who, from nothing, had raised as

further exposed. summarily ejected.

capital, and who might, if he chose to go on, increase

into an immense fortune, but who did not choose to go : “So," said Rycliffe, when he had concluded, “thou

but squandered that capital away ; what would you do hoped to escape by such a scheme as never before entered


of him?" • Why, (said he) • I would say he was ad into the head of even a natural fool; but beshrew me if


Jool. Then, (said I) what one may think of wealth, thou shalt so escape. Instantly dress thyself. I have oc

may think of health, and thou art the man.' I say ha

SIR,—The lovers of the fine arts, in this town, will be is like wealth, extremely difficult to get a little di casion for thy services; and will promote thee to the post

post highly gratified to learn, that an engraving of a portrait when you have got it, if you take care of it, it williteres of steward, footman, and buller, in an opulent and exten. " Tof the amiable and accomplished John Hull, M.D. F.L.S. and increase too with compound interest; but

nan that Licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians, London,

ell unless testa to obey ; and, having put on his dress, consisting of an 1 &c. &c. painted by the late talented D. H. Parry, is human life: if people will not take care of health, and

pelled ; and I believe you will find this to be the less old worsted doublet and leathern breeches, he followed Ryol about to be published by Mr. Dominic Bolongaro. I un- well from inclination, they will be obliged to do cliffe from the house. They had scarcely crossed Deads.

derstand the portrait is to be engraved in the first style of compulsion ; but there are those who will even defy tu gate, when their ears were assailed by the deep tones of

| the art, by Scriven, whose graphic powers are well known. sity, and those people go to the devil, of course." the church bell, which now tolled fast and loudly, a pre. "

aprej. I have been favoured with a sight of the painting, and lude to fresh scenes and occurrences in plague-infected

consider it one of the happiest efforts of this clever artist's Manchester.

To Correspondents.
pencil; and little, or not at all, inferior to any thing in

portrait painting I have seen for a considerable time;
the lights and shades are happily blended, and the colour.

EXHIBITION OF PICTURRE-We have before us several erit

upon the pictures in our Exhibition, but none to our Correspondence. ing is so rich and deep, as to throw an air of reality over

as our own unschooled judgment can detect defects 1 the whole figure.

of them, A Friend must excuse our freedom in advising

to attend to spelling rather than criticism. SEDUCTION AND ITS VILLANOUS PROMOTERS.

I commend the spirit of individuals who have engravings made from such pictures as this, and imagine that a better "Let such teach otherg, who themselves excel,

And censure freely who have written well. subject could not have been chosen, from the highly reTO THE EDITOR.

For the present, we decline entering upon this subje spectable rank the individual holds in the estimation of SIR,-On reading your last Kaleidoscope I was glad.

there are criticisms enough, such as they are, beide the public; and also, as it will be the means of perpetu public. It would be laughable, if it were not disgustin to find you in the field, exposing that most flagrant

Erant ating the memory of an artist, whose talents cannot be see the confidence, with which some men will prong and abominable vice alluded to in your remarks ; I too highly appreciated. I cannot conclude without sin.

upon subjects, respecting the merits of which they and I trust you will follow it up, and be true to cerely wishing that the undertaking will meet with that

orant as they are of the Chinese tongue. We su your word. I heartily concur with you, that our encouragement which it so richly deserves.

there must be such crities to suit certain capacities

leau says"Un sot trouve toujours un plus sot qui l'adeel worthy Chief Magistrate and the Common Council Manchester, Aug. 27, 1827.

W.R-N. ought to take it into their most serious consideration.

THE CHASE.We presume that the writer of this tran: It is a vice which becomes more and more open,


did not see the note we addressed to him last week, rd

to certain passages of the second part of the compositi and so notorious that the fear of exposure does not

(From the Liverpool Courier.) deter debauched characters from assembling at these

THE ELDER POETS-We have duly received the continu Barometer | Extreme Tbermo- Bxtreme State of Remarks

of Specimens of the Elder Poeta. bagnios at mid-day. I am grieved to state, that it

during meter 8 heat du- the Wind is my lot to live near one of these receiving houses;

The length of the Confessions of a femicide has obligh Aug.1

for the present week, to defer the insertion of the ove and it is only a few weeks ago, that the very next

68 0 S.W. Cloudy.

nication of H. D.-Sufferer W. R.-S. Mdoor to my own dwelling was one of this description.

N. Cloudy.
N.W. Fair.

The occupiers of the house consisted of a man, his

N.E. Cloudy.

E. Cloudy. We have further to acknowledge the communications of wife, and child; the wife in a state of pregnancy.

20 29 90

0) N.N.E. Fair.

S. S.-Charon-A Friend to Liberality and Science. 21 | 29 98 51 060 01 681 01 E.N.E. Cloudy. As both houses belonged to one person, I did not hesitate a moment (after I was convinced of the 20th, Ten, a.m. slight fall of rain; four, p.m. rain.

Printed, published, and sold, every Tuesday, by E. SM

15th, Six, p.m. heavy showers. characters who frequented it) to give my landlord'

16th, Heavy rain during night.

and Co., Clarendon-buildings, Marshall-street.


nature o




Night.woruing ring Day. at noon.





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Politios 1

The Investigator.

| which obtained these rights, has long ceased to exist, (in of aid from the council, under the pretence that former

England ;) and the British Monarch now enjoys those pri. aids, on account of some of the three cases, had not been Comprehending Political Economy, Statistics, Jurispru- | vileges which the first section of Magna Charta wrested tendered to them. By the third section, the Barons pro. dende, ocasional passages from Parliamentary Speeches

vide against these demands, inasmuch as by obtaining of a general nature, occasional Parliamentary Docu

from his predecessor John. ear, and other speculative subjects, excluding Party

The second section provides,—That the ancient relief timely notice of the purpose for which they were sumfor wardship should be restored, viz. one hundred pounds moned, they could ascertain whether or no the King had

for the fee of an Earl, one hundred marks for the fee of a any just demands upon them for aids. 2d, The vassals (ORIGINAL)

Baron, and one hundred shillings for the fee of a Knight of the Crown were divided into greater and lesser Barons,

That in cases where the King exercised his privilege of or those whose fiefs were extensive, and those whose fiefs HISTORICAL AND CRITICAL INQUIRY INTO THE

guardian during a minority, he should uphold the house were but small. Both the greater and lesser Barons had ORIGIK OF THE CONSTITUTION OF ENGLAND. and buildings, and commit no waste of the chattels and a right to sit in the council, so that when writs were issued

slaves. That heirs and heiresses should not be married to for the attendance of the members of the council, both BY ERASMUS GOWER.

their disparagement, nor without the previous knowledge were summoned. This lay heavily upon the lesser Barons,

of their relatives ; and that widows should be entitled to a as they were ill able to pay the necessary expenses of the (Continued from page 51:)

third of their husbands' possessions. This section seeks to journey to the place of meeting, attended by the retinue

remedy the abuses which, began by the second Henry, and they were obliged to appear with. It had, therefore, been CHAPTER VI.

continued by his successors, mainly contributed to excite customary for the greater Barons only to attend, and the

the Barons to rebellion. The claims made by the King lesser Barons getterally acceded to their decisions. From The first section of Magna Charta shows the great in- in cases of wardship were more grievously felt than any this sprung a great abuse, as, though the vassals of the mac and power which the clergy had attained; it states, of his other claims, so that, in restricting the powers of Crown, they were enabled to defy its power when united,

That the clergy of the English Church shall possess all the King in the manner before stated, the Barons achieved yet the greater Barons could not alone withstand it; bence berbertia whole and inviolate.

the chief part of their undertaking. Yet no one will have it generally happened, that either by threats or by force the Inrould have been much more satisfactory to the his. the hardihood to assert that the liberties of England bad King obtained his ends, owing to the absence of the lesser mas if the Barons who framed Magna Charta had stated any connexion with the second, and perhaps most impor. Barons. The council of Nottingham before mentioned is

merances and defined the liberties of the clergy. tant, section of Magna Charta. The fact is, in this case, an example. To remedy this, the Barons now sought to So they did not do this, I may be allowed to indulge the Barons merely contemplated the strict provisions of the obtain 'á knowledge of the purpose for which they were

plaosible speculation as to what were the liberties feudal system, as guaranteed by the Conqueror, and never summoned, in order to warn the lesser Barons of its imat in the first section of Magna Charta. 1st, then,- dreamed of more extensive liberties than their ancestors port, and to gain time for thein to appear, should their the commencement of the disputes between John and enjoyed. Besides, whatever might be the beneficial in- presence be thought necessary by their fellow nobles. Barons, the King granted to the clergy a charter of fluence of this section, it extended only to the vassals of Such were the benefits the Barons promised themselves dection, by which it was provided that the custody the Crown, and, of course, totally passed over the vast by the third section of Magna Charta. This section of all collegiate, cathedral, and conventual' churches majority of the population. So much for the liberties Magna Charta tacitly acknowledges the right of the Crown th, as beretofore, (when they became vacant,) be granted by the second section of Magna Charta.

vassals to refuse attendance, should they dislike the purated to the Crown: but the royal license of election Section third provides - That in all cases where the King pose for which they were summoned, and by so doing they boll be granted as soon as asked, and whoever the requires aids or scutages the councilare to be informed forty could evade the contribution required of them. It must Etoys appointed should be approved of by the King, days beforehand; the town and place of meeting to be be confessed that we have in this some shadow of liberty Ibis election confirmed.t 20,-The right of appoint specified ; together with the intended subject of discussion. granted and guaranteed. But this part of Magna Charta the Archbishops and the Bishops had, as before stated, These regulations being duly observed, ihe members absent was expunged in the early part of the third Henry's reign, Sriginally vested in the King; but in the reign of the are to be governed by the decision of those présent. What and never afterwards restored, so that' even the slight li.

Heory, the appointments were claimed, and, after is here termed aids and scutages, I have, in the second berty this section guaranteed was speedily destroyed. ezke, enjoyed by the Pope and the chapters. Yet, chapter of this Inquiry, rendered voluntary contribution, Section fourth enacts,-That the Common Pleas shall

the Monarch no longer appointed the higher dig.-50 that the reader will be aware of the meaning of these no longer follow the person of the King, but be he'd is of the English Church, he still claimed the right terms. From this section of Magna Charta it would ap. in some certain place. The King's Court, and the Court doing, and more than one of the successors of Henry pear that the meetings of King's council, before noticed, of Exchequer, are still to accompany lhe Sovereign. attempted (though rainly) to nominate in opposi- were generally for the purpose of granting aids, and a There is little in this section worthy of notice, as it merely I to the Pope and the chapters. By the first section check upon the demands of the King is here provided. relates to a matter of convenience. It had, heretofore, Magoa Charta, the clergy now sought to have the right The motives which induced the Barons to insert this sec. been customary for the courts of justice to accompany the Spoictment by the Pope and the chapters confirmed and tion appear to me to result from the following causes :- King in his journeys through the kongdom. By the fourth bed by the King; and, of course, by signing the Charta, 1st, During the reign of the Conqueror, the feudal law. section the Barons sought to render the most important of

Monarch deprived himself of the right he had hitherto yers discovered that there were three cases in which the these courts stationary, under the plea that as the King Ined. 3d, -The clergy claimed exemption from all King could demand contribution, or, as they were called, / was uncertain in his movements, much delay and expense ligations, save those they themselves agreed to. This aids and scutages, viz.-in case of his captivity in a foreign was incurred, by the suitors in the Common Pleas being

vag ratified by the first section of Magna Charta. land on the birth of his eldest son-and on the marriage necessitated to follow the court from place to place, as the Mese appear to me to be the chief liberties guaranteed of his eldest daughter. These occurrences could happen caprice of the King dictated. To remedy this, Magna He clergy, by the first section of Magna Charta ; and, so seldom that I have hitherto abstained from noticing Charta decreed that the Common Pleas should be inde. must be obvious, that in this case no liberty whatever this method of obtaining revenue ; but it would appear pendent of the King's movements ; 'and it bas, accord. granted to the people. The powers of the church, that both the first Richard and John had obtained grants ingly, ever since been held at Westminster. Perhaps the Vaga Charta + Lingard quo Paris et Rymer.

• In the last chapter.

chief motive why this section was inserted, was the ex

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