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nine. tenths the time now wasted in travelling post, would, as on the motion of the vehicle. The fore wheels of the with the clergy. The rapid rise of the ecclesiastical render the saving of portions of the remaining tenth very coaches which travel with the greatest expedition revolve, has been already noticed, and the Mongoch han unimportant, it will be unnecessary to trouble your Royal op an average, about 100 times in a minute. One of the
to brave this power, speedily felt the effects of bis ra Highness with proof that it might be possible to do so, in peculiar advantages of the method Mr. Vallance proposes perhaps a large proportion; and I therefore pass to the is, that it admits of the wheels of the vehicles which move ness. Making common cause with the disconten adduction of evidence, which shows that it is certainly in in the cylinder, being several times larger than the wheels Barons, the clergy openly defied the power of the Ki our power to save nine-tenths.
| of carriages which run on roads, owing to their being al- and backed by the Pope, incited the people to set From the examination I have given to the construction, | ways kept in an exactly perpendicular position, and con rebellion. The causes of dispute between John and and what I have experienced as to the effect of the cylin- sequently free from the strain thrown on the spokes of a
Pope, and of course the clergy also, belong not to der, or large tube, in which I was conveyed, according to common carriage wheel, by the deflections from the per. this principle of transmission, I am convinced that ex. | pendicular, which the nature of and obstructions upon present inquiry ; suffice it to observe, that after, with s haustion, io a degree which should give fifteen inches of roads continually occasion. Owing to this, the wheels of success, opposing the ecclesiastical power, he was obli mercury, may be effected-that is, half a vacuum; and as the vehicles which move in the proposed cylinder may be to purchase pardon by the most disgraceful and humiliat this would give an initial velocity of between 200 and 800 from ten to twelve feet in diameter; or nearly four times
concessions. Thus the power of the clergy was establis miles an hour, there is no reason to doubt but that a rate as large as the fore wheels of a coach. The same number
on a sure foundation, and they henceforth make a d of motion equal to 100 miles an hour may be attained, of revolutions, therefore, which the fore wheel of a coach provided wheels can revolve so fast without igniting. The makes in an hour, would move the vehicle in the cylinder / spicuous figure in this inquiry. vperations of nature frequently impart to air a velocity of forty miles; and iwice and a half that number of revolu. During these disputes between John and Arthur, in above 100 miles an hour; and in the process of fusing tions would give one hundred miles an hour. Now, if a first instance, and John and the clergy, in the second. iron. it is artificially.coused to move at rates varying from common coach-wheel, which moves under the disadvan: I means by which the monarch derived revenue are now 200 to nearly 700 miles an hour. At the low rate of 100 tages of being constantly exposed to all the clogging and
stated. It would seem, however, from the total silence miles an hour, it must therefore be fully practicable to impediments arising from the dust and dirt of the road, make it move.
can revolve for hours together at the rate of one hundred historians on this point, that the same course was adopt The second thing 'I advert 'to is, the quantity in which times a minute, without being greased, excepting a: the as that by which his brother Richard derived terena air may be exhausted, or taken out of a cylinder, or line
end of its journey of perhaps one hundred miles, it may and this being the case, the reader is already in possessi of large pipe, such as is adverted to. The blast cylinders fairly be presumed that a wheel, which would be not only of the neces
bly of the necessary information. From the frequest w used instead of bellows, for fusing iron, are all air-pumps, free from all dust and dirt, but also moving in a reservoir
issued during this reign, to the members composing and it is requisite only to arrange the valves properly, to
of oil, would revolve 250 times a minute without heating, render them condensing or exhausting pumps at pleasure.
even had we no such evidence as that referred to in page 36. King's council of nobles and prelates, it would de Many of these pumps are large enough to exhaust 10,000
But when that is taken into the consideration, all anxiety seem as if John called for voluntary contributions, is cubic feet of air per minute. Assuming the area of the
with reference to the effect a velocity of 100 miles an hour dition to his other resources; yet, as the information cylinder to be 100 square feet, and the velocity at which would have on the axes of the wheels, may be dismissed. This
this point is not exactly clear, it cannot be relied upon we are to be conveyed to be 100 miles an hour, the com. | Fifthly, nor is it necessary that any anxiety should be
certainty. It is, however, a fact, that the council bined operation of 88 of these pumps would be required. entertained, as to the effect such a velocity would have on But the one referred to in page 18, will take out 22.000 respiration; for in addition to what is urged on this mat. more frequently during the early part of John's cubic feet per minute; therefore only 40 such pumps as ter at pages 28, 29, and 35
ter at pages 28, 29, and 35, I have to state that, though I than they did during the reigns of any of his predecesa that would be required to exhaust air from the cylinder at was purposely exposed to the “ vacuum," as it is termed, but whether to grant a supply, or advise in matters of the rate of 100 miles an hour, a number, the operation of many times during my examination of, and riding in the
ment, is a matter of speculation. which there will be no difficulty in combining. gylinder, yet I did not experience the least inconvenience
I now enter on what is considered a most impor The pressure requisite to cause air to move at the rate from it. Indeed, I should not have been aware of it, had l of 100 miles an hour, appears, by all experiments that my attention not been directed to it; the degree of ex. epoch in the annals of England, namely, the granit have been made on the subject, to be less than half a | haustion necessary to move the carriage not being much Magna Charta. So much has been said and written pound per square inch. Calculating from this datum the more than the ten thousandth part of a vacuum; a dimi.
specting this same Magna Charta, and so loudly and a power requisite to move a column of air equal to the area nution of density which would not lowe | nution of density which would not lower the barometer
dently has it been appealed up, as the depository of the of the cylinder, at the rate of 100 miles an hour, would be so much as the two-hundredth part of an inch. that of 1900 horses.
of Englishmen, that I am half afraid of dissenting
(To be concluded in our next.) ? A steam-eagine of fifty horses' power would, therefore,
the common opinion, and boldly asserting, that way be required to each air pump, 'to cause the air to move at
Charta we do not owe the slightest portion of our liber the rate of 100 miles an hour, independent both of the load
This is a daring assertion ; yet it is one I am prepare to be moved, and of the friction of the air against the in
prove. It will not be with feelings of pride that I side of the cylinder. With reference to the first of these, I (Comprebending Political Economy, Statistics, Jurispru. the load to be moved, it is to be observed, that, owing to dence, oecasional passages from Parliamentary Specches do this, as with sorrow and shame do I confess the te the principle combining the operation of by far the best of a general nature, occasional Parliamentary Docu- that the liberties of England must be ascribed to al railway I have ever seen, or, indeed, can conceive, with ments, and other speculative subjects, excluding Party | ignoble source than Magna Charta. If, in sooth, itd carriage wheels six times as high as those used on the pa. Politics.)
be truly stated, that by the landed aristocracy of Eng tent single-line railway; friction is diminished to a degree
the rights of the people were secured ; that the d which will admit of the same power moving a considera.
(ORIGINAL.) bly greater weight than on that railway. It will, therefore,
aided the Barons in the good work; and that to these be quite safe to calculate only on the same effect being pro
TO THE powers Englishmen owed their independence, then
AN HISTORICAL AND CRITICAL INQUIRY INTO THE por duced ; and, according to this, the extra power requisite to
ORIGIN OF THE CONSTITUTION OF ENGLAND.
would, indeed, be a matter of proud exultation. move 100 tons at the rate of 100 miles an hour, would be
names of those who signed Magna Charta would de only 200 horses. With reference to the friction of the air against the inside of the cylinder, as referred to at pages 68
BY ERASMUS GOWER.
to be held in everlasting remembrance. Their med to 74, several times the power will be required ; so that,
would claim a place in the heart of every inbabita were there no other means of power and exhaustion than
(Continued from our last.)
Britain ; and the souls and lips of a free people steam-engines and air-pumps, objections might arise in
hallow and bless their great and noble work. But point of expense. "But, by what is stated at pages 50 and
to nothing like this can we ascribe our liberties. 1 51, it appears that neither air-pumps nor steam-engines would be indispensibly necessary; and, although Mr.
The reign of John, so disgraceful to the monarch, and disinterested exertions on the part of the nobles and Vallance does not at present deern it necessary to give full so beneficial to the people, claims considerable notice :.not can we attribute our independence; nor is the ser explanation on this particular, he informs me that when so much, however, on account of benefits received by the thanks due to those who, on the field of Runny ever it may be requisite, he is prepared to prove that every people in his reign, as on account of the effects resulting wrung from the reluctant John the far-famed and a purpose of exhaustion may be effected without other ap.
Po from it. The first years of John's reign were occupied by vaunted Magna Charta. 'Tis true tbat historians paratus than what he can construct out of rough-hewn trunks of trees ; so that the question may be considered
the struggle between him and Arthur, for the crown of shed a halo around the field of Runnymede. 10 free from any objections which the necessity for costly ma England.* In this struggle John lost the provinces of more than one of them has ascribed our liberties to M chinery would give rise to in Russia.
Anjou, Touraine, and Maine, which he held as fiefs from Charta alone; and it is amusing to see writers of the Thirdly, that a vehicle capable of carrying both passen- the King of France, and of course the revenue, derivable sent day gravely exposing their ignorance of the hist gers and goods, can be so adapted to the inside of the
from these provinces, no longer supported the dignity of England, by lauding to the skies, as the fathers of En cylinder as to be moved in it by the air when operated upon by the air pump, I can vouch, from having seen
England's King. John afterwards regained possession of liberty, those Barons and clergy who obtained this cha and experienced it; and as the rate at which this vehicle his fiefs, yet it was but a temporary possession, and it may merely for their own good purposes. But the aster moves is exactly commensurate with that at which the be fairly considered, that, in addition to the causes of the of those who are actuated solely by party interests and pumps exhaust air from the cylinder, at follows, that, at decreased revenue of the Monarch, t the loss of Adjou, l judices, ought not to pass uncensured; and I trust, whatever rate air can be pumped out of the cylinder, the vehicle will be carried forward, provided that velocity does
Touraine, and Maine, was another blow to the dignity of have concluded the present subject, the mask of false not exceed the rate at which wheels can revolve on their the unfortunate King.
will be torn froin the slaves who have dared to mi axes without ignition : with reference to which, it is to be When the claims of Arthur had been disposed of, John those who have relied upon them for a true account of observed
entered into a more disgraceful and unfortunate dispute destinies of England. To return,Fourthly, that the number of revolutions made by a carriage wheel depends on the size of that wheel, as well! * Noticed in the last chapter. | Paris.
# Cobbett passim.
The means by which Richard obtained revenue have
alone, and share the fate of his American friends at Naalready noticed. To all who have perused the se
cogdoches. His opposition to their treachery excited their
deadly hostility. They proceeded to join the Americans, od chapter of this inquiry, it will be manifest that
JOHN DUNN HUNTER.
accompanied by two Indians. He stopped at a creek, schard far exceeded the privileges granted to him by the
near the Anadaann village. to let his horse drink. and eodal system, and in se doing violated the rights of his
(From the Natchitoches. Courier.]
while thus unguarded in his security, one of his savage Vassals The rasuals even during his reign did not tamely
companions shot him with a rifle in the shoulder. His submit to this violation; and, as before observed, his
horse started, and he fell into the creek. The monster
The curiosity of mankind is naturally excited by the raised another fatal weapon, and, while the unfortunate desta albae saved him from the effects of their resentment. display of unusual and extraordinary qualities, whether Hunter implored him not to fire, for it was hard, be said, During the early part of John's reign, the system was (we they be such as entitle their possessor to infamy or honour. to die by the hands of his friends, sent his extraordinary Dar pesome) continued, and, as might be expected, the Among the vast variety of individuals who have, by their spirit to appear before an unerring tribunal. consequences to the Monarch was by no means agreeable. genius, their labours, or their eccentricity, profoundly Hunter was a person about the middle size, stoutly
attracted the attention of the present age, few have caused made, and apparently of much strength. His countePor some time, however, the Barons smothered their re
a deeper interest than John Dunn Hunter. His own nar.nance, though far from handsome, was very expressive. entment, trusting that when the struggle between the rative of his early life, whether true or false; the talent The strong lines of a marked character were his, indicating Ing and Arthur had terminated, the provisions of the and acquirements which he undoubtedly possessed; the the powerful feelings, and the glowing enthusiasm, that fendal gestem Fonld no longer be infringed. But when exalted tenor of his private life; the eclat with which the belonged to the man. His manners were, in general, John was firmly seated on the throne, he still continued work ha shunne ha still contimed world once received him ; the deep stain with which the quiet, grave, and gentlemanly, but they would bürst out
subsequent charge of imposition has overspread his name ; into singular vivacity, when his feelings were raised, and the same system, and the Barons resolved to appeal to
the impenetrable mystery that still shadows his history then, at times, his high excitement would render him arms. On the 20th November, 1214, they assembled at and real character; the manner of his tragical death, and masterless of himself, and while it made him eloquent the Abbey of St. Edmund's, under pretence of celebrating the events and circumstances connected with it, have in gesticulation, deprived him of all command over his the festival of the Abbey's Patron Saint. They were raised an extraordinary interest in behalf of this singular words. Any discussion relative to the situation and chaattended by well-armed and numerous bodies of retainers ;
being, at least in the bosom of the writer of this commu- racter of the Indians would rouse the level calo of his
nication. To gratify his own feelings, and as an act of ordinary manner into a storm that agitated his entire soul. and, after debating for some time, threw off the mask,
to the unfortunate Hunter, he has devoted a leisure | Grave, deliberate, and intelligent on every other subject, and openly rebelled against the King. The reason they moment to record the instances of his death, and to pay a the moment that chord was touched, his enthusiasm and Essigned for this procedure was, that the King had violated tribute to the great and amiable qualities of a man so ardour overpowered the sluggishness of calculating inves. be provisions of the feudal system, demanding, and ob- | injured if innocent, so unaccountable it guilty.
tigation, and bis imagination burned with the distant nining more than was his due, to the great injury of his
his! I first saw Hunter, in Nacogdoches, in the early part of prospect of the civilization and happiness of the persecuted
last summer. His narrative, the reputation it had given, Indians, the long cherished object of his philanthropic els.
and the charge which had so suddenly blighted his fresh ambition. Thus it is plain that the cause which produced this act fame, were all known to me, and little did I expect to Can it be that this man was an impostor ? Apparently Tere the insufficient provisions of the feudal system as meet him in the wilds of Texas. His countenance and with all the artlessness and simplicity of a child, glowing egarded the King's dignity. It was impossible for the mi- demeanour, before I know who he was, drew my atten- with generous feeling, and manifesting always a fastidious
tion, and though no physiognomist, nor pretending to delicacy of sentiment and honour, can it be that the odious her to exist as a monarch on the revenue allowed by these
any unusual tact in penetrating the character through the name of an impostor can be justly imputed to him ? I, Provisions; and unless he either (as in the case of the Con external appearance, I was aware, and notwithstanding for one, will never believe it. The accusation has been i roeror and kis immediate successors) had other sources the plainness of his dress, and the simplicity of his man- reiterated for one extremity of the country to the other,
otted revenge, or (as in the case of Richard) violated the ners, that I was in the society of a highly intelligent man, and the reputation of this in
I and a gentleman. He was called Dr. Hunter. He had for ever, upon evidence the most uncertain. Some indian cadal system, he could not maintain his dignity, or con
just returned from the city of Mexico, where he had been trader it seems, has been among one of the tribes with lidate his power. The Barons ought not, therefore, to be
endeavouring to obtain a grant of land for numerous whom Hunter relates, he had lived, and one or two In. ratified in their rebellion; as, by insisting on the strict tribes of Indians, which had formed a kind of political diaris of the tribe being interrogated had no recollection of prisions of the feudal system, as guaranteed by the Con- alliance, at the head of which was Richard Fields, the such a person. If I am rightly informed, this is the only 12 tot, they destroyed that power on which their own ex. principal Chief of the Cherokees. Fields had himself foundation upon wbich rests this damning charge, and the
| been to Mexico for that purpose, and had obtained a world, more willing at all times to hear accusation than le that th
promise that the grant should be made. Hunter endea. defence, has without investigation blindly and implicitly King ought to exercise unrestricted these arbitrary acts of
voured to obtain the performance of that promise, but branded with odium the man it once delighted to honour, oppression which disgraced the latter years of Richard's without success; the Mexicans having granted to Em. as if to revenge itself of its former kindness. Yet it is egn; but I do say, that instead of openly rebelling presanios the greater part of the promised land. He most certain that Hunter had been and lived long among exirst their Monarch, the Barons ought to have consi. returned by land over a desolate waste of country that the Indians, and that he was familiarly intimate with their ered the revenues of the King, and devised some means
would have intimidated a less energetic and enterprising character and customs. I went with him last summer to
man. He brought back feelings of the strongest disgust the Cherokee village, and while there, was informed by which they could be rendered sufficient to maintain his towards the government, and harassing fears lest the In- some of the tribe, of a Notaya Chief, who well knew Hunterity. The Barons took no such course : without con. dians, who were extremely irritated by the treachery practer in his early life, while he lived with that or some dering the straits to wbich the Monarch was driven by tised upon them, and who were determined to have the neighbouring tribe, and whose account, as far as I learned insufficient revenue, they declared for the strict provi
land by force, if it could not be obtained otherwise, should it, and as my memory now serves, corroborates his own
deciare open hostilities, and massacre the Americans who I narrative. ons of the feudal systern, as guaranteed by the Conqueror,
were settled upon it. Such had been the injustice and I shall ever deeply regret that a false delicacy withheld und demanded that John should restrict himself to those
tyranny of the local officers in Texas, sanctioned and me from ever mentioning to Hunter the subject of this Canty and insufficient resources. The answer of the King supported as they were by the government, that nothing odious accusation, for I am convinced that he died promoves the just idea he entertained of these restrictions.-- but a consciousless of their own weakness had restrained foundly ignorant that any stain rested upon his reputation. They might," said he, “ as well have demanded my
the Americans from open resistance. Now, therefore, He could then, if innocent, have had the opportunity to
Wy was the moment to strike: at once to secure themselves I restore his name to its former purity. He had been, from W. Do they think I will grant them liberties which
from massacre on the part of the Indians, and to throw before the time when he was first stigmatized as an imposu make me a slave ?"+ The liberties here meant are off the despotic yoke which had galled them to the quick, tor, travelling through Mexico, or living among the InIDe exemption of the vassals from certain imposts. an alliance was formed between a respectable portion of dians. He once mentioned to me that he had not seen a Tomate the subsequent events until the granting of the Americans, for the benefit of all, and Hunter, with newspaper of the United States since he had left them.
Fields, and several other Chiefs, on behalf of the Indians. He could not, therefore, have known that such an impu. Magna Charta belongs not to the present inquiry ; suffice
The history of that short-lived struggle for indepen- tation had an existence. to observe, that the King was obliged to accede to the dence is well known to most of our readers, and I will The object for which Hunter had exiled himself from lamands of his Barons, and on the field of Runnymede therefore only say that Hunter's conduct throughout was the enjoyments and the blandishments of a world he was
firmed the guarantee of the Conqueror, and deprived faithful, active, and energetic. On several occasions, fitted to instruct and adorn, and for which he devoted la. Ismaelf of his chief sources of revenue. It could not be
when imminent danger was apprehended, he acted in aborious days, travelled over the desolate waste of the inimagined, for a moment, that John could ever keep the
manner that convinced every person who saw him that histerior of Mexico, encountered danger and endured every
courage was equal to his enterprise. At the time when privation, was the civilization of the hunted expatriated Charter be had subscribed, unless he existed but as the the few faithful adherents to the independent standard Indian, the original and heaven-invested proprietors of our
be of a king; and were it not foreign to this inquiry, were surrounded on every side by their enemies, a runner soil. He lived with the wild natives of the forest in their I think I could remove much of the odium which attaches was sent to the Cherokees to urge them to come instantly own rude way, partook of their own rude fare, and mixed to his name, in consequence of what is termed his treachery
to the succour of their allies, at Nacogdoches. Fields and in their simple sports and hazardous enterprizes, that he and falsehood, in violating the promise be had given of
Hunter strained every nerve to rouse the faithless Indians might imperceptibly introduce one useful improvement ven or to the performance of their reiterated promises, and their after another, and at lengtb wean them from
wean them from their savage observing the provisions of the great Magna Charta. solemn obligation by treaty; but in vain. The emissa. and uncivilized habits. This was the object for which he Having now brought down the pecuniary events of John's ries of the Mexican government had been among them, lived and died. frign, antil the granting of Magna Charta, I shall pro. and the renewed promise that the land they contended for Would it be more than common justice to such a man ceed to examine this Charter section by section.
would be granted, with other and great advantages, seto suspend, at least, our judgment respecting his charac
duced them from their faith, and thus rendered the revo-ter, for a time, with the view that some more light may Bad of Chapter V.
lution hopeless. Hunter finding every effort fruitless, for be reflected upon this dark mystery, which may enable us
the few who had not been brought over were unwilling to finally to condemn with conviction, or to consecrate the • Paris. Rymer. | Rymer.
act with so small a force, left them, saying he would go! memory of a martyr to philanthropy ?
Of the couch'd basalisk, with dread,
Where blight comes not, nor fades the rose ! Liverpool
« Oh, who would be a woman who that fool,
by an Epistle to H. Reynolds, Esq. that he had madı considerable proficiency in Latin at the age of ten years
Of his works, which are too numerous to enumer here, the Poly-olbion is his greatest and most origu performance; although it is not much read at the prese day, it is valuable to the antiquary on account of di chorographical survey which it takes of woods, mountain castles, rivers, &c. His Nymphidia, the Court of Fayr is the most pleasing effort of his genius, and appears have been a work upon which he has spared no labo He was considered by the learned men of his day as elegant and accomplished poet, and an amiable man. 1 died in the year 1631, and was interred in Westmins Abbey. A handsome blue marble monument was erect over his grave at the sole expense of the Countess of DI set, upon which was inscribed, in letters of gold, the fi lowing epitaph by Quarles :
MICHAEL DRAYTON, ESQUIRE,
A memorable poet of his age,
TO THE EDITOR. SIR,—The annexed stanzas are the production of a youth, in the very lowest grade of society; one who has had no opportunity of cultivating that genius, which is enshrined within his heart, but which only requires some powerful stimulus to bring it into action. There is to be traced, in these lines, a great similarity to the earliest productions of Bloomfield; only that he had better oppor. tunities of cultivating an acquaintance with the Muses, than our modest and unassuming bard: indeed, so great is his diffidence, that it was with great difficulty I could prevail upon him to furnish me with a copy. He has been the nursling of poverty; and in him has been completely verified the beautiful axiom of P. B. Shelley
“ Men aro cradled into poetry by wrong;
They learn in suffering what they teach in song !" Manchester.
The queenly cedar in its pride, The lily, Zephyr's gentle bride ; A gem, a star, a being fair, And worshipp'd as immortals are ; A very saint allowed to shine, Mind, form, and features all divine ! A spirit from the realms of light, To witch, to soothe, enchant, delight, And but to earth a moment lent From its own fairer element, Celestial loveliness to show, And lustre o'er the desert throw ! A meteor seen and quickly gone, A ruin, weed and briar o'ergrown; A skiff amid the breakers tost, An outcast scorn'd, degraded, lost ! Friends, flatterers gone, and beauty fled, Among the living as the dead, Forsaken droops in lonely bower, The cherished rose of happier hour; And now the reign deceptive o'er, Now vainly seeks the prized no more, In fashion's haunts, or calm retreat, Her heart's despair, alas, to cheat ; But 'tis alone the grave can hide From injured love, and wounded pride, And woman's refuge from the storm Is still the chamber of the worm; And though nor myrtle, or the rose, That mansion of the weary knows; Rude and though icy cold it be, It frees from hopeless misery! Remorse, tears, agony her lot, And idolized to be forgot, And but in angel robe array'd, To be the more secure betrayed ! Nay, then, who would the chosen be Of worse than pagan mockery ? The worshipp'd of a moment brief, As the dew-spangle on the leaf; T'he flower decreed in early bloom An offering to the cheerless tomb! Oh! who would lovely woman be, If such her fearful history ? Happier the slave condemned to toil Where never yet did sunbeam smile ; Happier the peasant boy obscure, The suppliant at the rich man's door; The lowly hind that toils for bread, Or mariner unconscious led Athwart the seas that never more His bark shall speed to Albion's shore ! Oh, woman! aye the sport of fate, Whose love must still encounter hate; Whose mortal path shall sorrow own, And still a spell be round thee thrown, Deceiving thy too partial gaze, Which else had seen the withering rays
Clear had the day been from the dawn,
All chequered was the sky; Thin clouds, like scarfs of cobweb lawn,
Veiled Heaven's most glorious eye.
That leisurely it blew,
That closely by it grew.
Might now be heard at will,
Else every thing was still.
Look'd as they much desir'd,
Most curiously was tired.
Such sovereignty assumes, That it received too large a share
From nature's rich perfumes.
As I walked out one summer's morn
Down by the green wood side,
And birds sang on each side;
A fair maid there I spied, Sat musing in a silent shade
Down by the green-wood side.
Her charms did so invite ;
Her eyes were sparkling bright;-
Upon her breast did glide; She appeared just like an angel,
Down by the green-wood side. Oh, then I kiss'd her coral lips,
And press'd her to my heart; And in her wildly brilliant eyes
I saw the tear-drops start. And as I thus caressed her,
She turned her face aside : This maiden fair delighted me,
Down by the green-wood side.
And as we walked along,
Were warbling sweet their song.
I took my charming bride,
Love, banish'd heaven, in earth was held in scord
Wand'ring abroad in need and beggary, And wanting friends, though of a goddess born,
Yet craved the alms of such as passed by. I, like a man devout and charitable,
Clothed the naked, lodged this wandering guest With sighs and tears still furnishing his table,
With what might make the miserable blest; But this ungrateful, for my good desert,
Entic'd my thoughts against me to conspire, Who gave consent to steal away my heart,
And set my breast (his lodging) on a fire. Well, well, my friends, when beggars grow thus bol No marvel, then, though charity grow cold.
BY PERCIVAL MELBURNE.
h, m.h. m. ft. in. Tuesday ..21 10 31110 49 14 6 Dukeof Clarencebornl
Wednesday 22 11 6 11 23 15 9. New Moon, Ph. 18m.in. MICHAEL DRAYTON.
Thursday..23 11 39 11 55 16 9
Friday ....24 - 0 12 17 5 St. Bartholomew. The distinguished subject of this brief notice was born Saturday..25 0 28 0 45 17 at Atherston, in the county of Warwick, about 1563. / Sunday. ... 26 1 3 1 22 17 8 11th Sunday after Trini
Monday ..27 1 39 1 58 17
Tales, Romances, &c.
Alice; and then, perchance, I may somewhat change my town, no communication must be permitted ; and that a
ideas touching this daughter of a Manchester burgess." strong military guard must be placed at certain distances, [ORIGINAL]
Again the two horseinen proceeded on in silence, and to prevent the infection spreading.”
speedily arrived at an inn, which stood by the road side, The two friends gazed on each other for some minutes. THE PLAGUE OF MANCHESTER,
and, from its cleanly appearance seemed to belong to the Fitzosborne changed colour and bit his lip. A ROMANCE.
better sort of the Lancashire houses of entertainment. “What thinkest thou of these tidings?” at length cried
In fact, under the auspices of its able landlord Giles Phil- Rycliffe. “By my faith, it were better that we sped back, BY EDGAR ATHELING.
pot, a short, fat, good-humoured man, the inn had at than rashly brave certain danger.”
tained great celebrity, both for its uniform cleanliness, “Thou mayest return, Rycliffe,” replied Fitzosborne, CHAPTER I
and for its good ale. When the two horsemen arrived at calmly; " but though certain death should await me, yet
the inn, they were speedily gladdened by a sight of Giles will I on.” * Beshrew me but thou speakest well,
Philpot, who, issuing from the door with cap in hand, ac- l “Noble gentlemen, methinks ye had better not proceed And much thou seem'st to know;
costed his visitors. “Welcome, noble gentlemen, wel to Manchester," said Giles Philpot, officiously obtruding Bat though the morrow ring my knell, Through Leonard's wood I'll go." -Old Ballad.
come,” said he ; “marry, from your appearance, me- his remarks. “Marry, there is mine ostler, Timothy
thinks ye stand much in need of a draught of Giles Phil. Bokanky, who has gone thither to learn truly touching The year 1605 was, in England, a year of uncommon pot's ale; and I trow, when ye have tasted it, ye will bless the plague ; and ere long, I expect his return." saltriness; for months the sun shone with unclouded splen- the hot sun for parching your gizzards."
“Silence, mine host,” cried Rycliffe, “and let us have dour, por did a single drop of rain refresh the parched “Ha, mine host of the Dog and Partridge,” cried Ry, some of thy best provisions, whilst we discuss our future earth. The English, unused to a burning sun, began to cliffe, who had long known and appreciated the inn and proceedings." droop beneath its rays, and it was fearfully anticipated, its good cheer, “dost thou still abide in the land of the Obedient to this mandate, Giles Philpot speedily placed
that the plope or fever would follow in the rear of a hot | living? Beshrew me, but I can scarcely credit mine eyes, before his guests a reeking and savoury plate of ham and and parching summer. In Lancashire, which had here for when last I abode here, thou wert reported to be on beef, flanked with two loaves of wheaten bread, and at. colore been proverbial for its moistness, the heat was more thy last legs."
tended by two tankards of ale. sensibly felt tban in any other part of England, and in “Truly," replied mine host, “some short year ago Il “Now, mine host," said Rycliffe, as he prepared for some of the large towns in that county, early indications was in a perilous state ; and the rascally doctor so stuffed action, “it would much rejoice me if thou wouldest for a of the plague began to appear. In this crisis the Lord me with his cursed pills and powders, that my belly be- short time gladden us by thy absence, as we have matter Lieutenant of Lancashire received orders to draw a speedy came like the swilling-tub, a receptacle for filth and abo- of some moment to consider.” od strong line of circumvallation round any town in mination."
“ Truly, most noble gentlemen,"returned the host, “ye Phich the plague could be proved to exist; such line to “And how comes it thou art now alive, mine host," | are not of those who fancy the company of Giles Philpot, de only two miles distant from the infected town. said Rycliffe,“ seeing thou wert in the hands of that marry." It was while Lancashire was in this alarming state, and friend of the devil, a quack doctor ?"
“Decamp I pray thee,” said Rycliffe, “and leave us to 6t a bright hot August day, that two travellers were “Why, truly,” cried Philpot, “it was a mercy I our own affairs." burdering from Dunham Massey, in Cheshire, to the escaped. But seeing the doctor determined to try the The host left the apartment, and Rycliffe speedily made ben of Manchester, in Lancashire. They had almost strength of his nostrums, by pouring them down my great havoc amongst the provisions, whilst Fitzosborne Teached the village of Stretford at the time they are in-throat, I e'en determined to discharge him, and go upon | kept aloof, and in spite of his friend's invitation, declared Sodaced to the reader. It were needless to describe the a new tack. And what think ye I tried ?”
his inability to eat. When Rycliffe had finished his rementry through wbich they were travelling, as it possessed “Beshrew me," replied Rycliffe, “ if I can guess, ex. past, he took a long draught of the ale, and then fetching bo peculiar, grand, or striking features. I shall, there- cept thou took to drinking thine own ale." ,
a deep breath, exclaimed,-“By my faith this ale has a fare, present the travellers, without describing the place “Thou hast spoken it," said the host ; " and marry, marvellous effect on the weary traveller, and Giles Philpot Share they were at the moment of introduction. The after a few draughts, I found myself most wonderfully may be excused his prating, seeing his liquor is so excel. Founga borseman seemed just entering into manhood, revived ; so determining to make quick work of it, I drank lent. But what sayest thou, Fitzosborne, touching the Sed his roddy cheek and laughing eye bore token that some four gallons of the precious liquor, which fairly continuance of our journey to Manchester.” Sare a sortor had hitherto been strangers to his breast. routed my disorder, and set me upon my understandings.”| Filzosborne started from his seat, and exclaimed pas. Ze was attired in a rich suit of crimson velvet, plentifully “Lead on, and cease thy prating," cried Fitzosborne, sionately,—" Though the plague should rage, and in its dorned with ribbons, points, and laces, and wore on his who began to be tired of this colloquy.
career depopulate Manchester, yet would I go on, and prove Sead a Spanish bat, surmounted with a plume of black “Marry, thou art somewhat impatient,” returned the to Alice Hardman that Reginald Fitzosborne dare brave eatbars His companion seemed some ten years older, host; "but come along and thou shalt have a foaming even death for her sake.” Bird his plain attire and grave look showed that time had draught of Giles Philpot's ale."
“ Tush! thou speakest foolishly,” said Rycliffe, “It Chewbat abated the fire and vivacity of earlier years. The host then led the way into the inn, and speedily must not be that thou, the heir of the noble house of Both were mounted on full blooded steeds, and for some ushered the two friends into the best apartment it contained. Fitzosborne, should peril thy life for the sake of a love-sick time pursued their way in silence. At length, when they This, though not richly decorated with costly furniture, girl." sad passed through Stretford, and had arrived within three would please a hungry traveller much better than even the “Beware what thou sayest, Rycliffe," cried Fitzosborne, siles of Manchester, the elder horseman broke a silence splendid apartments of England's King. Huge sides of " or perchance thou mayest rue thy word. I tell thee I Chich had evidently been of long continuance. “Ay,” bacon, in loving amity with formidable rounds of beef, will on towards Manchester, though death be my portion.” will be, "methinks this expedition of thine, Reginald graced the ceiling; while, instead of pictures, numerous “ Well, be it so, petulant boy," returned Rycliffe. Pizosborne, will prove to be of a somewhat foolish nature. well-seasoned hams adorned the walls. In the huge fire." But we are wasting our time; if we must go, let it be By my faith I could almost laugh to think of the figure place was scattered a profusion of flowers, which perfumed ere the plague begins to rage, and then perchance we may tton wilt cut when thou returnest to Ravenscliffe Hall." the apartment more agreeably than the most costly cos escape unscathed.”
* Now, Will Rycliffe," returned the younger horseman, metics ; and, to crown the whole, on a large oak table, The two friends left the apartment, and issuing from "I amewbat differ from thee touching the figure I shall which occupied the middle of the room, were placed two the door of the inn, found the host, Giles Philpot, busily cat on my return to the Hall of my fathers. Beshrew me, tankards of foaming ale, which Fitzosborne and Rycliffe holding forth to a few of his cronies, touching the manbet a bonny bride will return with me, and proudly shall speedily poured down their throats.
ners and appearance of his guests. The appearance of I hail Alice Hardman as the Lady of Ravenscliffe.” “Now, mine host," said the latter, when they were the said guests stopped his oration, and having received a
* Touching that matter," cried Rycliffe, “it is most seated, “perchance thou canst give us some news touch. liberal reward for his ale and eatables, he officiously helped Frange that thou, the sole representative of an ancient and ing the state of things in this quarter ?"
the travellers to mount their horses, and was just opening boasurable house, should be speeding to wed the daughter “Why, truly," replied mine host, “ there is no news his mouth to give them a parting word, when he was da Manchester burgess! Most proudly will thy widowed stirring, save rumours of the plague; the foul fiend receive interrupted by the approach of a horseman, who was bother hail thy noble bride!”
it! Marry, latterly there has been but little doing in my riding with headlong speed in the direction from Manches. "Now, by Heaven, Rycliffe," exclaimed Reginald, his way, owing to the lies touching the existence of the plague ter. The horseman was pale, and dreadfully agitated ; brow darkening, “if thou dost prate so touching my in Manchester.”
his dress was in disorder, and his hair hung wildly over affianced bride, it may not be long ere we close in deadly “The plague !" cried Fitzosborne, starting from his his countenance. The horse was reeking with foam and Strife.”
seat; “sayest thou there is a rumour of the plague's ex- blood, and appeared almost as wild as its rider. When Tush," returned Rycliffe, “now thou indeed preachest istence in Manchester ?"
the horseman approached the inn, he checked his steed for nonsense. Thinkest thou I beed thy foolish tongue, or “Ay," replied the host; “and, forsooth, there has a moment, and waving his hand, cried, “Let not mortal that I would turn from my course because thou threatenest come down an order from the Lord Lieutenant, which approach Manchester. The plague, the plague rages witha me? But enough;-ere long I shall behold the peerless states, that should the plague be proved to exist in the in it, and dreadful has been the mortality of the last hour,
Proclaim throughout the district that the plague is in town. Forming the western boundary of Manchester, horse, and leaned against the house near which ther hal Manchester, and whoso value their lives must not approach flowed the Irwelle, a noble and broad river, on whose when he had finished his last speech, Fitzosborne ru that town." The horseman again spurred his steed, and opposite bank stood the town of Salforde, a small village, towards him, and fervently embracing him, exclair quickly disappeared from view. dignified with the name of a Crown Mound.
“ Now may Heaven requite me if I do not remember The party at the inn door gazed on each other with It was into Deansgate that Fitzosborne and Rycliffe friendship towards Reginald Fitzosborne when he dismay, while Rycliffe, dismounting from his horse, pre- entered when they had crossed the river. Medlock and journed in Manchester! I trust we shall yet escape pared again to enter the inn. Fitzosborne still kept on his that street presented a melancholy evidence of the exist this place of death, and then will I reward the frien saddle; and seeing Rycliffe about to relinquish the jour-ence of the plague. Instead of its usual bustling and my heart." ney, exclaimed, “ Farewell, Rycliffe ! as I hope for heaven lively appearance, it was now solitary and deserted, and “Talk not of reward,” replied Rycliffe, “ but insta I will surely speed on to Manchester. Farewell! and the echo of their horses' footsteps alone smote the ears of speed to thy love, Alice Hardman; perchance we ma should Reginald Fitzosborne return no more, be thou the the two friends. Neither shout nor laugh, nor the voice escape unscathed from the town." comforter of his aged mother."
of lamentation was heard; all, all was silent as the place Obedient to this hint, Fitzosborne rapped at the do “ Thou art mad,” cried Rycliffe, springing forward and of death. But though the living no longer occupied the before-mentioned habitation; but his summ.com seizing Fitzosborne: “ thou art inad thus to rush wan. Deansgate, the dead were found in their place. Numbers unanswered. Repeatedly he knocked, but without tonly into certain danger. By Heaven I will not permit of bodies strewed the streets, some seemingly just dead, cess; at length tired of this method of procedare this boyish rashness !”
others had began to putrify, and the stench arising from lifted the latch, the door opened, and he entered, follo “ Loose me, I charge thee, Will Rycliffe," exclaimed them was almost intolerable. In one place was extended by Rycliffe. The interior of the house bore evident Fitzosborne, mildly ; "I will again embrace Alice Hard. a young and lovely female, in appearance of superior timony of being the mansion of wealth. Immediately man, though that embrace should be my last! Rycliffe, rank; her hair was loose, and hung in wild luxuriance posite the entrance was a large staircase, with viel when last we parted I swore by the holiest of names to re- around a countenance now livid with the tokens of the carved balustrades; over it was suspended a silver las turn on this day, and I vowed that nought, save death, plague ; her eyes were open, and seemed wildly glaring bung by a massy chain of the same metal. The stair should prevent that return. Thinkest thou I will be false at the two friends as they gazed upon her. Near her was was covered by a rich oil cloth most fantastically figu to Heaven and false to my love? or that, when Alice Hard- extended another female, her bosom bare, and her infant and confined to the stairs by silver rods. The pa man is in danger, Reginald Fitzosborne will scruple to share child still attempting to derive its accustomed nourish- from the door to the staircase was likewise covered by that danger with her ? Loose me, I pray thee, or I shall, ment from it, whilst its convulsive struggles announced oil cloth, richly figured, and fringed with purple silk. perchance, be unable to keep my better reason !” approaching death. In another place lay an aged man, Fitzosborne and Rycliffe heeded not this display
“ Mad, foolish boy!" cried Rycliffe, almost distracted, whose dress and appearance bespoke him to be of some wealth; but leaving the staircase to the right, mas “ think of thine aged mother; think of thy fair inherit. consequence in the town; but the plague had seized him, onwards to a large hall, whose walls were adorned ance: think that thou art the last of the race of Fitzos- and his hoary locks were now defiled by the filth of a profusion of rich tapestry. The hall was untenanted: borne, and that thy death extinguishes that race for ever.” | common sewer, which flowed exactly where his body lay. | after searching various other richly-adorned aparto
"I think of my love. Alice Hardman! I think of mine But vain and fruitless would it be to attempt a lengthened | which were also upinhabited, Fitzosborne, motioning oath. registered in heaven!” shouted Fitzosborne, forcibly I picture of the scenes Fitzosborne and Rycliffe beheld as cliffe to follow him, mounted the staircase. When disengaging himself from the grasp of Rycliffe. « Fare they traversed the whole of Deansgate. The two friends arrived at its summit, a deep sob attracted their atten well! and again I charge thee comfort mine aged mother.” shuddered at the spectacle of the dreadful effects of the and, guided by its sound, they reached a small but in Saying this, he spurred his steed and rode forwards. plague, and continued their course in silence. They didly furnished apartment. At the door of this aparta
« Nay.” cried Rycliffe. " since thou wilt go I will bear speedily arrived at the market-place, a square of incon- | the two friends paused, and beheld a mournal thee company; though I perish I will on, for I remember siderable dimensions, adorned with the dwellings of the striking scene. the debt that I owe to the house of Fitzosborne.” Rycliffe principal inhabitants of Manchester. Fitzosborne stopped On a rich velvet couch, at the farther end of them mounted his horse. followed the hot-headed youth, and opposite a house at the west side of the market-place. It was extended an aged man, seemingly in the sout they both galloped, at full speed, towards Manchester was a large ill-fashioned building, adorned with the re-death. His silver hair hung wildly over his pale
* Marry, there goes a couple of fools,” said Giles Phil. semblance of a monstrous Saracen, and various other gro-wrinkled countenance ; and his hands were raised te pot, as he saw them depart. “ It will much surprise me, tesque and ugly-looking figures. Yet its white-washed heaven, as if in the attitude of supplication. By the an' these sparks do not wish themselves once more in the walls, traversed by large black streaks, gave it an inter- of the couch knelt a young female, of exquisite loreix Dog and Partridge inn.” So saying, he entered the inn,
esting appearance, and the outward display of wealth Her auburn hair was flung back, and hung in luxu followed by his cronies.
it evinced proclaimed that no common persons were its ringlets over her shoulders ; her cheek was pale, and
inmates. It was here Fitzosborne dismounted from his tearful eyes were bent on the countenance of the CHAPTER II.
horse, and turning round, for the first time since their de man. Near to her stood another female, of almost
parture from the Dog and Partridge, discovered Rycliffe. loveliness, but her large black eyes, now fastenedor Bertha.-"True love will break through bars of adamant; "Gracious Heaven !” exclaimed be, "bow comes it that dying man and his weeping daughter, (for such she Nor peril, death, nor e'n the fear of hell
thou art here? Methinks it is enough that I should shot forth rays of malignant triumph ; and her height Can stay its onward course."Ethelbert, a Tragedy.
peril myself in this natter ; but for thee, Rycliffe, it is colour and bitter smile proclaimed the gratification “A lovely maid knelt by his dying bed,
madness thus to rush into danger for the sake of Reginald felt at the scene before her. After our two friends And from her lips came forth those sounds of woe Which smote my inmost soul."-Old Play. Fitzosbnrne."
contemplated this scene for a moment, Fitzosborne “Ay," returned Rycliffe, “thou mayest think so; but vanced, and softly ejaculated “ Alice, Alice Harda Fitzosborne and Rycliffe galloped on in silence, the I remember that the son of my benefactor has a mighty At the sound of his voice, the female who knelt by former seemingly unconscious of the presence of the latter. claim upon me, and William Rycliffe is not the man that side of the dying man sprung up, and with a louds When they arrived near to Manchester, and were about to will desert Reginald Fitzosborne in his day of peril." rushed into his arms. The other female motioned cross the river Medlock, (a stream which formed the south| “But why didst thou follow me hither," said Fitzos- she also would embrace Fitzosborne, but instanti east boundary of the town,) their course was impeded by a borne, "seeing I charged thee to return to the hall of back, and casting a look of hatred on Alice Hard vast concourse of people who were anxiously endeavouring Ravenscliffe with the tidings of my sojourn in plague-in. I glided out of the apartment, and hastily passing by to cross the said river, and escape from the plague. Men, fected Manchester ?"
rushed down the staircase. women, and children, in one confused and disorderly mass, “And thinkest thou," replied Rycliffe, in a reproachful When the first tumults of surprise and love had were wading across the stream, their sole cry being, “ The accent; "and thinkest thou, foolish boy, that William sided, Alice Hardman, with a terrified look, diseng Plague! the Plague!” It was with considerable difficulty Rycliffe could return to the hall of Ravenscliffe with a herself from the arms of 'Fitzosborne, and exclan that our two friends succeeded in forcing a passage through message so disastrous as that thou chargedst me with? By Gracious Heaven, pardon me the rash act I have this terrified host, but at length they did succeed, and Heaven, the son of old Sir Albert deserves better at ‘my mitted ! Oh, Fitzosborne, why camest thou hith entered the town of Manchester. '
| hands than desertion at such an hour as this; and the such an hour as this? Seest thou not that my fa The town, in the year of the great plague, consisted of widow of my benefactor claims more from me than the dying of the plague? and perchance thou magst a two principal streets which joined each other at right relation of tidings which would speedily lay her widowed its victim. Oh, rather would I perish than thou, apgles; the one called Deansgate, stretching from south bead in the church-yard of Ravenscliffe. I strove to dis- nald, shouldest fall through thy love for Alice Harden to north, and the other styled Market-street, extending suade thee from this rash enterprise ; but since thou art! “ Fear pot,” returned Reginald; “I trust we dia) from east to west. Where these two streets joined each determined to perish for the sake of Alice Hardman, me escape. I come to bear thee hence, my love, and spe other was situated the market-place, behind which stood thinks it is but a small matter for me to peril mine own wilt thou be far from this plague-infected spot." the Collegiate Church of Manchester. Into the two prin- person when the destinies of the house of Fitzosborne are "Why didst thou come ?", cried Alice, mourniu cipal streets branched a number of small lanes and alleys, at stake."
« why didst thou come to peril thy precious life for or where abode the lower classes of the population of the During this conversation Rycliffe dismounted from his worthless as myself? Dearest Reginald, I pray the