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| Sir, there is not a manager from Bristol to Bullock with some difficulty, a couple of guides, and went forward
Smithy that I have not, according to managerial slang, with torches, but the wind blowing very hard, they were
rode in the same boat with. And I have found, though THE ITINERANT IN SCOTLAND.
soon extinguished, and we had no other light than the red too late, that a stage-coachman is better off than a stage. I glare which each explosion of the mountain spread around
player; and I think, from experience, I am as well quali. us. When about half way up, the wind suddenly shifted, Ve introduce the following extract from “ Ryley's Iti- fied to write a stricture on starving, as any unfortunate and the cinders, &c., which before were blown down to the apt in Scotland," as a proof of the high degree of animal homo tbat ever stepped between trap and lamp. I hope other side of the mountain, now came in the direction in its that some of our fellow-men are blessed with, even
this gentleman is an actor, or he'll think me an odd fish. which we were ascending ; immediately a volley of hot the midst of poverty and wretchedness, pleasantly exIn your company, I presume, Mr. Romney ?”
stones were thrown out with a report equal to the explosion
" Why, yes, Mr. Scroggins, this gentleman is in my plified in the broken-down actor of the old school :
of a powder-mill, and showered about us in a manner that company at present; a fine light figure for the fops, is threatened destruction to us all: only one, however, sufPrevious to the dinner hour, sauntering down Leith. he not ?" My friend laughed heartily. “But it raises my fered ; a stone that had fallen rebounded against one of -k with my friend Gilchrist, a person addressed me with wonder, Mr. Scroggins, that when you found yourself so our guides, and broke his arm, besides burning him very ch more politeness than appearances would warrant, unsuccessful in the pathos, as you say, you did not take much. They threw themselves on their knees imploring the a more shabby-looking mortal could scarcely be ima some other parts in the Drama."
assistance of the Madonna, and refused to go any further. ed. Manager Davies, the Roscius of all slovens, when “Mr. Romney, a wise man changes bis mind often Knowing it would be as dangerous to retreat as to advance, met me at the inn at Taunton, mentioned in the first a fool never; I was a fool. Sir, an infernal fool. There we insisted on the one who was still sound accompanying ume of this work, was a beau to this man.
is not, perhaps, a better pantomimic performer in the king. us. Having placed the other under shelter of an immense Sir, your most obedient; I doubt you have not the dom than I am at this moinent, and for Harlequin” mass of stones which had been thrown out on former ocasure of my acquaintance; that is, I beg pardon, you do Here he took a short run in the harlequin trip, and
casions, I put a pistol to the other fellow's head, and recollect me; and, indeed, if you did, it would not be coming back, struck an attitude, which so struck the threatened to shoot him if he did not immediately advance. ch to your credit, for I am, as you see, seedam castor, people passing, that we began to wish ourselves well quit | This had the desired effect; on we went, and arrived, witbam toggy; and, as to my shirt, perhaps the least said of our companion. I, therefore, no longer restrained my out further difficulty, at the top, which presented one of ut it the better, for, as Tony Lebrun observes in your friend's liberality, whose circumstances enabled him to in.
the grandest scenes the human mind can conceive. The verant, it requires a map to find the way into it.-Sir, I dulge the feelings of his heart with less inconvenience than
whole crater presented the appearance of a crucible of boil. formerly in your company at Worcester, with Powell, I could ; we then jointly placed into his hand what it was ing gold; for the lava, in a state of fusion, had the resemon, Richards, &c., and though our shares were but small, | plain to perceive he did not expect, and, at the same time, I blance of gold. On most
blance of gold. On most former occasions, this has contoggs were decent, and we managed to get a share of I promised to use my interest to procure a small subscrip- | tinued boiling until it boiled over, and then rushed down i good things of this world; but now, Sir, (viewing tion for him the next day at the Theatre; “if," added I,
| with overwhelming fury, so that they reckon seven or eight Dself.) you see how the land lies. Pockets are useless; as we left him, “the attempt will not hurt your feelings;"
large cities have been entirely buried by it. In the middle 1, as to nightcaps, the first floor of a hay-loft is a bed of upon which, placing himself in a theatrical attitude, and
of this boiling lava we saw two springs, each about eighty un to poor Scroggins."
touching his hat, in pompous declamation, he repeated, or one hundred feet in circumference, like the muzzles of There was a degree of what I call comic-pathetic in this " Let the galled jade wince, our withers are unwrung."
two large cannons, which kept up a continual discharge of In's address, far more effective to a mind not lost in sen.
cinders all the time we were up; luckily, no more stones ality than a downright appeal to the feelings, and in
ERUPTION OF VESUVIUS.
were thrown out: these cinders seemed like showers of in terms craving relief. This was exemplified in my
gold, which, with the brilliancy of the stars, contrasted end Gilchrist, and I perceived his hand stealing towards A correspondent in the Taunton Courier gives the fol.
with the gloomy shade of the clouds passing under us, pocket, whilst a tear stood in his eye; for though, as lowing account of an ascent up Mount Vesuvius, during had a most imposing appearance. When we left Naples akspeare says, “ he was one of your fat sleek fellows an eruption :
it was a wet and dark night: in ascending the mountain Sit sleep o' pights,” his heart never slept in the day.
we passed through the clouds, which, when we had gainer | Naples, April 5th, 1828.-We have just had one of the we passed through the clouds, But as I did not think it prudent for him to give way to
the top, were half a mile beneath us, and the sky over our ng feelings, however generous, from the impulse of the grandest sights that it is possible to imaginean eruption
of Mount Vesuvius. Coment, without further investigation, I stept in between
heads was as bright as possible. We remained up about Although Naples is about four
three quarters of an hour, and in coming down picked up friend and the object of his commiseration, and ob miles distant from the mountain, it may be said to be at
the poor fellow we had left on the road, and carried him to ived, " I think I recollect something of your name, the foot of it, for the ascent begins almost at the gates of
the hermitage, from which we had him conveyed to an the city; I had, of course, therefore, an opportunity of . Scroggins, but time makes a wonderful alteration in
hospital. The mountain is to-day pretty quiet, and it is all,
seeing it well. The internal commotion of Vesuvius anthirty years ago you must have been a young
supposed will soon cease burning. an. What line of business did you sustain ?"
nounced itself, about two months ago, by a tremendous "The lovers, Sir, the lovers," placing his hand to his shock of an earthquake, which destroyed several houses,
THE CASTLE OF CSEITHE, IN HUNGARY. feast ; " pathos was my forte, Though some thought and killed about eighty people within a few miles of Naples. herwise no matter for that. Do you recollect, Sir, my The eruption began on the twelfth day from the earthomeo? I believe it will never be forgotten in Worces quake, and continued voiniting forth fire, cinders, and The Castle of Cseithe, on the Waag, is now but a mass - Arise, fair sun.'” He was proceeding pretty loudly stones, rather slightly, for the first six or seven days ; on of ruins and rubbish. After having belonged to Matthias
Corvinus and to Maximilian II. it fell into the hands of ith the speech, accompanied with action, which I plainly the eighth I resolved, with two friends, Englishmen, to go
Elizabeth Bathory, piece of Stephen Bathory, King of iw might be more attractive than pleasant or profitable, to the top and look into the crater. The height of the
Poland, and wife of Francis Nadasdy. This Princess has od therefore begged he would be less energetic, lest the mountain is seven miles, one half of which you travel on eith-walk audience might not be so well inclined towards mules; the other part, which is the cone, we were obliged given an unhappy celebrity to the castle, where she disim as the Worcester. I then inquired how he had passed to do on foot. The crater or mouth is about two miles played, for many years, a degree of cruelty of which history is time since he had left that country.
and a half in circumference, and when in a quiescent state, can afford few examples. She educated in her residence In the old never sat
was filled up to within about three-quarters of a mile of indigent young women, to whom she gave portions, and
om comany to company, astonished at the stupidity of the world the summit. We began the ascent about ten o'clock at married, on certain remarkable occasions, in the year: Do discernment, fancied myself a slar, others thought night, and when we reached the hermitage, the part where but she punished, with severity and violence, the most was a dark lantern-always escaped the great bird, we were obliged to quit our mules, we found between two trifling faults, and seemed to take pleasure in seeing these Owever.”
and three hundred people, principally English and French, innocent creatures suffer. One day she struck one of them * Run the gauntlet for twenty years through all the as few Neapolitans are bold enough to venture up on such in a brutal manner; and the blood of the victim having Tanagers, from Huggins to Buggins-from old Biggs to occasions, and these were deterred from proceeding, as at flown into her face, she ran to a mirror to wipe it off. ld Hughes-Mother Baker, Mother Easey, Welch, that moment the mountain was roaring in the most terrific She fancied that her skin was become whiter, more beauti. Quelch, Spags, Sprags, Sims, and Fraiser. In short, manner, and throwing up red hot stones in the air, some ful, and more brilliant; and the idea immediately occurred
of which were nearly half a ton weight. Myself and my to her of renewing her youth, by bathing herself in the • The Goose
companions having resolved to run all risks, procured, blood of these unfortunate girls. Two old chamber-maide,
and her dwarf, Fitzko, assisted her in this horrible project. | ascend a hill, or otherwise attain an elevation, in order to song to learn to swim, and of supporting them in the wa The youthful female attendants successively disappeared ; see a greater distance, when it would appear, from J. F.'s with their clothes on. and what is almost inconceivable, above three hundred as assertion, that the range of view would be greatest if the
" Without stirring hand or foot, by means of the jadi had been sacrificed to the caprice of this ferocious woman
I remained upright in the water, with one person holding before any discovery was made. At length a young man,
eye were placed upon the level of the sea. I suppose, at each of my shoulders, and the jacket supported all the having lost his intended bride in this manner, conceived from his reasoning, that J. F., when he looks at an object although none of us made any use of our hands or feet. some suspicions, and, by means of money, even obtained cocks his eye, and takes aim, as he would at a covey of
"FRECHET, the mortal remains of her whose loss he deplored. Stung partridges ; for, really, he does not seem very clear-sighted,
" Professor of Gymnastics and Swimming with indignation, he hastened to Presburgh, where he and speaks of “ pitching his sight," and “ the eye stiik.
" Liverpool, June 18, 1828.* loudly proclaimed his grief and his despair. As a Princess was implicated, George Thurzo, the palatine of the kinging the ground," as though it were not possible to look
DIRECTIONS FOR PUTTING ON THE IMPROVED MARIS3 LE dom, resolved, in person, to repair to the spot, where he straight.
PRESERVER. surprised the four monsters in the fact, at the very moment I hope, for the future, his " inquiring eye” will seek The particular attention of those who use the Marine when their victim was expiring, after having struggled in some other “bantling" upon which to exert his powers,
Preserver is requested to the following directions:-Althe vain with her executioners. Proceedings were commenced, Lalwave hearing in mind that " Aliana nare. .ed: | always bearing in mind that, “ Aliqua pars sapientiæ est,
they may be worn on the naked body, it is preferable to and the whole published, to satisfy the public indignation.
an under-waistcoat of flannel, or some other substance: The two women were condemned to have their right hands stulliliam silentio legere.”—I am, Sir,
thicker the better. This, besides keeping the body was cut off, and to be beheaded; the dwarf, also, to lose his Liverpool, June 18, 1828.
MATHEMATICUS. than when naked, serves to prevent the cross-belt hand, and then be cast into the flames. The Princess was
chating the wearer in swimming. A strong pair of dng confined in a dark and narrow prison, where she died three
with a loop (2, 3) on each side, just above the hips, is pas
IMPORTANT TO PERSONS GOING TO SEA, years afterwards, in 1614. Only a few years ago, the porter pa
larly recommended. A strong piece of tape, or aprondd PASSENGERS IN STEAM-BOATS, &c., AND TO PERof the castle still showed the place where these aboinina.
should be fastened to each of these loops; and when the
SONS LEARNING TO SWIM. tions had been committed, the earthen vessel which had
is worn, these tapes should be put through the two sea received the blood, and the deep pit into which the bodies
the jacket drawn down, and the drawers up, as close saj of the victims were thrown.-American paper.
sible. This is found to be of the greatest importance,
prevents the jacket from slipping upwards, and it keep IMPROVED
collar down in the water, and consequently elevated Correspondence.
wearer higher in floating.
The mode of putting on this Marine Life Preserver LIFE e l PRESERVERS, simple as to require little or no direction, as a bare inspect FIGURE OF THE EARTH.
of the figure will enable almost any person to understand
The head is put through the aperture in the canvas, and TO THE EDITOR.
upper part of the Cork Collar brought in front, nearly in SIR,-Your correspondent A. M. appears to me to be | Warranted to support the wearer in the water, either naked
tact with the chin. The strap (1) should be buckled as tig rather at a loss which part of Mr. Hunt's statement he or with his clothes on, and with a considerable weight
as the wearer can bear it, as this keeps the jacket frum! ought to believe, and which reject. He thinks the disap
ping up, and also keeps the body warm. Any persoa of money, or other articles in his pockets.
prefery it may line the canvas with flannel; and if the 34 pearance of the hull of a ship, in going to sea, being
EGERTON SMITH & Co.
should be found too hard, it might also be lined. caused by the spherical figure of the earth, rather doubt. Have on Sale, at their GENERAL PRINTING OFFICE, Lord. A jacket or spencer may be worn over the flannel of ful; yet says, that “the rotundity of the earth does not
waistcoat, and a pair of breeches over the drawers, f admit of a doubt.” He considers it absurd to account for
wearer pleases. They will keep him warmer; and the
server will buoy him up with any quantity of clothes, the phenomena advanced by Mr. H. by increase of den.
his shoes or boots, if there should not be time to take sity, yet, increase of obscurity is quite plausible.
These Preserveru may be put on as readily as an ordinary loff Now, he does not inform us what it is that creates this:
I waistcoat, and they will sustain the wearer in the water, with It is of such consequence to fasten down the jacket ta
the head and shoulders above the surface, without the slightobscurity ; but, if he thinks that obscurity at the horizon
breeches or drawers, that the suggestion is here repeated. est exertion on his part. They will defend the body from causes objects to disappear, in ordinary cases, I can inform external bruises, and keep the wearer much warmer than him that he is wrong, and, at the same time, answer his he would be without them. They form no impediment to
METEOROLOGICAL DIARY. questions. An eye, situated on a level with the sea, would | the swimmer; and any person may readily learn to swim by their means.
(From the Liverpool Courier.] not be able to discern a receding object, to the distance of
To persons wrecked at sea, they will be of the utmost im Barometer | Extreme Thermv. Extreme State of a twenty miles, unless the altitude of that object were 216 ) portance, as it is not necessary to take off any part of the
during meter 8 heatdu- tbe Wind noon.
Night. moraing mog Day. at noon. feet; and an object whose altitude does not exceed 20 feet, wearing apparel; and the wearer may thus not only preserve would not be visible more than five and a half miles, if his clothes, but also any money he may be possessed of. To Boats' Crews, and especially those of Life Boats, these
65 0 W. Fair. the density of the atmosphere were not greater at the
64 01 NW. Faite Marine Preservers would be most invaluable, as they serve earth's surface than in the upper regions of the air. This
13 30 30 54 0
W.N.W. Fait. to keep the body warm and dry; nor do they, in the slight 14 30 20 55 0 1 62 0 72 0 E.S.E. Fair. may appear strange to some of your readers, particularly est degree, prevent the wearer from using the oars ; whilst,
E.S.E. Fair. to Mr. Hunt; but the increase of density actually enables by inspiring confidence, they may be the means of inducing
16 | 29 91
17 | 29 44 | 54 0 61 01 71 0 E. Fair. us to see the object whose altitude is 20 feet, more than seamen to venture where it would be unsafe, or fatal, to go
without them. half a mile further than we otherwise should do, if this
16th, Heavy rain from two, p.m. to eight p.m.
They may be had either lined or padded, and so made as to 17th, Rain, one, p.m.; half past five, p.in. na were not the case. adjust themselves to persons of all sizes.
with thunder and lightning. Now, what does A. M. mean, by saying that greater Persons in the country, who are desirous of becoming pur obscurity prevails close to the surface, than that which chasers, are requested to state about their weight, and their
Tide Tabie. exists about the masts and rigging? when he must be s
stature and bulk. aware that, in the horizon, every part of an object is The prices of the Preservers vary from Eighteen Shillings Days.
Th. Even. Height. Festivals, 4 to One Pound and Twenty-five Shillings, according to their equally relieved by light; and the vessel must reach the finish; and any person remitting the money (post-paid) may
h. m.h.m. ft. in.
Tuesday ..241 8 6 8 34 13 3 Nat. of St. John Bapu horizon before it disappears at all; after which it gradually have one of the most complete description forwarded to his Wednesday 25 9 il 9 27 14 8 Trinity Term ends vanishes upwards, as if it sunk into the sea. Does he address.
Thursday 26 52'10 16 16
Friday ....27 10 39
11 217 8 think the obscurity increases upwards in proportion to the
Full Moon, 3h. Sila tion.
Saturday..28 11 25 11 48 18 distance? If it did not, after the hull had disappeared
Sunday....29 o 11 19 6 4th Sunday after Tristan
E. SMITH and Co. pledge themselves to return the purchase Monday ..30 0 35 i 0198 from obscurity, the topmasts would next disappear, from money, if these Marine Preservers do not answer the descrip Tuesday .. ili 23 i 48 19 i Oxford Act and Camalen dista
tion they have here given of them. magnitude of the upper part of the masts is considerably
It is presumed that these Marine Preservers would sell very well abroad.
To Correspondents. less than that of the lower. This effect, however, does not
Had the Passengers and Crew of the Alert Packet been furnished take place, and from that we may draw the inference that with these Preservers, not one of them would have perishech
The philosophical essay on vision, with an engrais the reasoning of A. M. is not correct. | Orders for these Jackets may be transmitted through
tended for this week's Kalcidoscope, is reserved
number of our ninth volume. In concluding with A. M. I must just observe, that the the Agents for the Mercury and the Kaleidoscope.
Dr. Bedale's letter on Swimming shall appear in our D obscurity of which he speaks, seems to me to be much
CERTIFICATE OF THE UTILITY OF THE LIFE.
Anon's verses are quite inadmissible. He had better tom nearer home than be is aware.
thoughts to some pursuit in which he has a better perdere While I am upon the subject, I cannot resist the temp- The following certificate is drawn up by an excellent
of distinguishing himself tation of saying a few words to J. F.; but his letter is such swimmer, and a most competent judge of the art, Mr. Frechet,
Phæbe fancies she is pathetic; but she is only silly-Sheron
to pair off with Anon. a tissue of absurdity, that I scarcely know where to begin. who teaches swimming professionally, and who is associated
with Mr. Hamon in teaching gymnastics. Stop! I have found a sentence. He says, that “ the less
"I certify, that I have made trial of Mr. E. Smith's Im- Printed, published, and sold, every Tuesday, by E. his height, the greater distance he would be enabled to see the pe
proved Cork Collar Jacket, which I consider a most simple and Co., at their General Printing Office, Lor bare of the posts." If this be true, it is quite ridiculous to and useful invention, both for the purpose of enabling per- Liverpool, and to be bad of all Booksellers.
scope, is reserved for the
| Meanwhile, the injury is seriously and more espe-| tigable member of the British Senate, Mr. Alderman Imprehending Political Economy. Statistics, Jurispru- cially felt in three ramifications. First, the public Wood, who, it is hoped, will follow up this important
business with his accustomed perseverance in every ineaence, occasional passages from Parliamentary Speeches are losing all the comfort and individual benefit sure for the public good. fa general nature, occasional Parliamentary Docu. which the act before cited was meant to confer. Cheltenham, 3d May, 1828. nents, and other speculative subjects, excluding Party Politics. ]
Secondly, the poor working fisherman's “hope of
To the Honourable the Commons of the United Kingdom NTS FOR THE PRESERVATION AND IN.
of Great Britain and Ireland, in Parliament assembled, the fishery capitalist is subjected to a great pecuCREASE OF THE BREED OF SALMON.
ihe humble Petition of of the City of Gloucester, niary loss, or foregoing the well-earned reward of| Showeth, TO THE EDITOR. his honourable adventure.
That your petitioner having had upwards of thirty years'
experience in the economy, management, and produce of SIR, -I beg, through the medium of your intel. I perfectly concur in the opinions of the gentle.
fisheries, particularly in those for the salmon species, and ent and popular miscellany, to call the attention men who preferred the petition above referred to, having devoted much time and serious attention to the the legislature, and the community at large, to a that the conservators, or overseers of the salmon subject matter of his present petition, generally, most
earnestly begs to submit the result of his labours and rezject of very general interest, and, I may say, of fisheries, for whose appointment the said act bas
searches to the consideration of your Honourable House. at national importance,-I mean the present state provided, should derive their authority from Govern | That, in the sentiments of your petitioner, taken as & the salmon fisheries.
ment, instead of from the local magistracy, and that basis of his subject, he feels satisfied your Honourable That a defection, to an alarming extent, has per their stipends should be respectable, in order to place
House will uniformly concur, namely, that to foster and
encourage the British fisherman ; to protect him in bis ded the salmon fisheries throughout the United them above temptation. We should then have a well-earned, decent respectability and thereby preserve ngdom, for some years past, is a circumstance too fair chance of seeing a wholesome and seasonable to him his manliness of spirit,-is to maintain a nursery for II known to need any lengthened comment from ngthened comment from l fish upon our tables, the fisheries prednotive and / maritime heroes, and a hardy race of national defenders. fish upon our tables,—the fisheries productive, and ma
That the present depressed state of the British salmon ; but as the causes of the evil are not quite so fami. a probable return to olden times, when the Severn fisheries, the pauperised condition of great numbers of the r to the public mind, they will, I trust, be readily alone was wont to supply from two to four tons of fishermen, the exorbitant price, general scarcity, and freought to view, by simply reiterating the following. I salmon per week, to the metropolis, reserving an quent badness of quality of the salmonare all, in the
opinion of your petitioner, mainly attributable to one prothe remedies, which the learned Sir Humphry ample supply for the provincial market at about
minent and palpable cause the notorious disregard or misbyy, and other well-informed writers, have already threepence per pound.
conception of an existing act of Parliament, the salutary ggested. I will only add, Sir, a hope, that among the many ten
o obvious to need a comment.
That the article of good sizeable salmon, when properly 1. To suffer more fish to spawn, and fish of all Honourable Members who interested themselves
in season, is at once a tasteful and nutritious food, but, es and sizes.
upon this subject, on a former occasion, the present reversing the position, is either very insipid, or absolutely 2. To prevent any fish from being killed in rivers session will not be suffered to pass away, without un wholesome. ter spawning. the exertions of some patriotic and honourable
That the act referred to by your petitioner was passed
in the 58th of his late Majesty, George III. entitled "an 3. To prevent the young salmon, or salmon fry, gentleman, to place the salmon fisheries on that a
act for preventing the destruction of salmon in the several om being killed.
footing, and under that protection, which was de- rivers of England named therein," and reciting that it Herein, Sir, is completely the multum in parvo; signed and contemplated by the said act of the 58th
would be of great pollic advantage if extended to all
rivers throughout England." It was accordingly, by the d if the wise and salutary enactments of the 58th of his late Majesty.--I am, Sir, yours, obediently,
said bill, " enacted, that from and after the passing of the bis late Majesty, George the Third, were systema- Banks of the Severn,
said act it should be lawful for justices, at Quarter Ses. ally enforced in all the salmon fisheries, each of June 22, 1828.
sions, from time to time, to appoint conservators or overose results, so greatly to be desired, would soon
seers for the preservation of salmon, and fish of the salmon (From a Chester paper, November, 1827.)
kind, within the jurisdiction of such justices, and within apparent, and the scarcity and dearness of this oice article of human food be quickly succeeded by men bad taken their seats on the bench, Wm. Harwood" That from and after the 1st day of September, 1818,
the limits or which they should be so appointed.” "A few days since, as soon as the Mayor and Alder
It was by the same bill further enacted as follows: undance and cheapness.
Folliott, Esq. presented himself to their notice, and ad- no person shall at any time take, kill, or destroy, or On the 28th of last April, I was highly gratified | dressed them as follows :_. The matter to which I allude, I knowingly have in possess
nowingly have in possession, either in the water or on see that a petition on this subject, from some gen. sir, is the quantity of unwholesome salmon which is at
shore, or offer for sale or exchange, any spawn, fry, or men at Gloucester, was presented to the House of this moment exhibiting on the stalls in the market, con
brood of fish, or any upsizeable fish, or any kepper or
shedder sulmon, being unseasonable salmon, commonly ommons by Mr. Alderman Wood; and I did hope trary to law, to reason, and to humanity. I have been called old salınon, during the periods when fishing for at the many judicious and valuable arguments con- offered salınon at 8d. per lb. for which we pay 3s. and salmon is prohibited under the provisions of any law now ined in that petition would, ere now, have been 3s. 6d. in season. I have now done my duty, and I hope in force, or when the same shall be prohibited by any nvassed and considered, and that something more you also will do yours, as you are bound by your oath. I order to be made by justices as herein before provided,
and it shall be lawful for any conservator or overseer ould have been done, in a matter of such pressing If I were in your place, I would order my constables to
a matter of such pressing f I were in your place, I would order my constables to thereof to seize all such fish, and take it before a justice.. i portance, than merely laying the documents on go at once and seize the fish, and burn it publicly at the Penalty £10, and not less than £5." e table of the Honourable House. I market cross.'"
That in these enactments your petitioner cannot fail to
recognise the most unquestionable remedy for a long preIt cannot be too often impressed upon our repre
vajling, and growing national evil-upon both which ntatives in the senate, that every day's delay, on a
points the learned and ingenious Sir Humphry Davy has bestion like this, only serves to place the object of
TO THE EDITOR OF THE GLOUCESTER AND couched with great perspicuity and correctness. He says,
" There is a general complaint of the diminution of the irsnit more remote from our grasp, and, conse
SIR,On Monday, April 28, the following petition salmon in fisheries in the Thames it can scarcely be said lently, to lessen the facility of its attainment. was presented to the House of Commons, by that indefa. to exist and even in the Avon, the Severn, and the Trent it is becoming comparatively a scarce fish. The great contained 101 ortas, until, in 1623, Murad IV. abolished |fended themselves gallantly, and, with the aid of all Northern fisheries and the Irish fisheries are much less one of them for the crime of one of its members. The se pieces of cannon, loaded with case shot, rendered the productive than formerly. The simple remedies for this cond division contained 61 ortas; the third, 34 ortas; and bat somewhat doubtful; but observing that the asal national evil are-Ist. To suffer more fish to spawn, and the fourth the same number. The last division always re. were every moment increasing, and fearing to be en fish of all ages and sizes.--2d. To prevent any fish from mained at Constantinople, even in time of war. When surrounded, they retreated, and took refuge in an ima being killed on rivers after spawning.--3d. To prevent the complete, each orta contained 500 men, and was com- barrack, where ihey hoped to be able to defend then young salmon or salmon fry from being killed.”
manded by eight officers. The superior officers of the The Pasha, arriving at the gate of the barrack, and Hereby a great national evil is admitted, and a legisla whole corps were eighteen in number. The troops | ing it closed, brought two pieces of cannon to bear un tive remedy has been prescribed, but your petitioner most amounted, therefore, to 114,500 men, and were commanded it, and shattered it to pieces. But, at the same more humbly submits that the office of conservator, in plomby 1840 officers. But they no longer exist, and we shall six pieces were fired from the interior upon the assi concentres all the power of curing the disease, should now describe a few of the tremendous circumstances which while a tremendous shower of musketry was poured derive his appointment and authority from a higher quarter accompanied their extinction as a military body.
them from the windows. It was at this moment than that of the justices in the different localities, for “The excesses committed by the Japissaries (observes Mahmoud, who sat at his ease in his seraglio del although a writ of mandamus would compel them to do an eye witness of their destruction) deterinined the present work of death was proceeding, commanded the Pale their duty, when informations should be brought before Sultan, on his accession to the throne, to rid himself of set fire to the barrack, and was instantly obeyed. them of any violations of the act, yet the character of an this degenerate body, which, sooner or later, would have now a scene of horror, such as romance writers at infurmer is generally too odious to expect that the fisheries undoubtedly caused the ruin of the empire. He clearly in vain to imagine or describe, took place. The de would receive any regular, systematic, or effectual protec. foresaw the consequences of his project ; death, if he saries, intent upon defending themselves from there tion from the aid of persons of such a description
should fail, but, in case of success, the most complete mies, and bearded like lions in their den, paid no ang Your petitioner, therefore, begs leave further to submit, triumph; and in 1826 he struck the decisive blow, and to the conflagration,-a thing which they had been as the only innovation upon the said act of the 58th of his was fortunate. For eighteen years this politic and crueltomed to create for sport.-but bent all their effra late Majesty, (and that for no other purpose than that of Prince had been dweliing in his mind on this masterstroke, repel the Pasha. The flames, however, mingled "strengthening and giving effect to its wise operations,) that as may be inferred from his collecting, after the murder thick clouds of smoke, and emitting an intolerable! the office of conservator should be rendered respectable of Mustapha, the arms and cartouch-boxes of the Nizam every moment gained ground, and burning beams and above venal temptation, by a salary of at least £200 Jedid, (new troops,) which he caused to be carefully pre- red hot bricks and stones fell thundering on all sides, per annum,--that they should be appointed by some branch served in the armoury of the Seraglio ; where, three months drove the Janissaries down into the great court of of the executive government, -that about the number of before the great massacre, fifty thousand muskets from building. This new asylum was as fatal to them twelve might be sufficient for the fisheries of England and Leige were also deposited unknown to the public.” first; for here they were again unrelentingly mast Wales, and that your petitioner himself would undertake Tacitus observes, that when we desire an opinion to take by cannon loaded with case shot, and placed at everse to induct and qualify all the appointees in the duty of the root in the public mind, we must be careful to sow it our way leading into the court. It was in vain that they office.
selves. Mahmoud, who certainly did not borrow the hint vited the cannoniers to join the standard of rebellion But inasmuch as there is no ostensible fund from whence from the Roman historian, caused it to be diligently cir. was in vain that they addressed them by the name the salary of the said conservators could be paid, your culated, at the proper moment, that he was projecting the friends, companions: the only reply accorded them byl petitioner humbly suggests that the county rates should be reform of the army, and the introduction of European cannoniers was death. It was in vaip, also, that this rendered chargeable therewith, seeing that the advantages regulations. And while every body was doubting whether manded pardon, and begged for their lives; do nero of abundance and cheapness of the fish must be the natural to believe the report or not, “the Prince threw off the shown them, and they all perished, either by the result of a true and faithful administration of the law, and mask at once, made known his imperial will, commenced or the devouring flames. "If a few succeeded in that, therefore, the community at large would eventually the new organization in the capital, and despatched innu- their way through the burning ruins, they were in find an equivalent, at least, for the trifling addition to the merable couriers to all parts of the empire, with orders to diately surrounded by the Sultan's party, and pain gross amount of a provincial impost.
the several Pachas to begin immediately the formation of on the spot. The other barracks, which were not fart Wherefore your petitioner prays that (should any doubts new regiments."
tant, were next attacked, and, with the exception de arise in your Honourable House as to the accuracy of his When the European residents at Constantinople saw who bad the good fortune to reach the Asiatic shan statements, or the policy of legislative interference, to that the decisive step was taken, they expected that an insur-take refuge in the Forest of Belgrade, the whole amend or give effect to the act herein cited) he may be rection of the Janissaries, and tremendous civil convulsions, of the Janissaries was exterminated in one day heard at the bar of your Honourable House, when he would follow ; and they were not disappointed. “On the night. doubts not of being able to produce a thorough conviction 15th of June, at two o'clock in the morning, the report The above account of the destruction of the Janis that a great national evil may be speedily remedied, and was spread at Pera that the military kettles (the signals of is abridged from the second part of the French at a national good of corresponding magnitude effected in its insurrection or war) were transported to the Atmeidan, titled, “Two years at Constantinople," &e., the first stead. And your petitioner will ever pray, &c.
and that the Janissaries demanded the heads of the five of which we reviewed in a former number. The his Great Officers and Dignitaries of the empire. They rushed account of the same troops, which precedes this narn to the palace of their own commander, with intent to is erroneous in many particulars;-as, for example, murder him, and not finding the proper victim, abused his serting that the Janissaries were instituted by Art
wives and children. From this they proceeded to other (Murad) I., the son of Orkhan; and in saying "I have here only made a nosegay of culled rouers, and have enormities, and as they ran through the terrified streets of Christian ever belonged to the corps, when they for brought nothing of my own but the thread that ties them." Constantinople, there were heard on all sides cries of- first entirely composed of Christians. In what the
Death to Sultan Mahmoud ! Long live his son Achmet! relates of the events which took place under his out MANNERS AND CUSTOMS OF THE TURKS. Down with the New Troops! Long live the children of there seems to be every mark of truth: and the sea Hajji Bektash ! (the Janissaries.)
of style which the narration of fearful circumstancesco
At this moment the Sultan was absent at his country upon even a nicdiocre writer, is strikingly visible i Esquises de Maurs Turques au 19me Siccle, fc. Par Gregoire residence: but on hearing of the insurrection, he hastened part of the work. Indeed, considering the interest Palaiologue.
back with his chief officers to his seraglio at Constantinople, I just now attaches to the subject, we should think a FROM A LATE LONDON LITERARY JOURNAL.
fearing lest the Janissaries should seize upon his treasury, edition of a translation of the work would sell and certain commanding batteries; in which case they would events, we strongly recommend such of our readers
infallibly have succeeded in their design. The seditious any curiosity respecting the modern Turks, to perle THE JANISSARIES.
soldiers, confiding in their own numbers, and the terror original French. There are numerous coloured per
they doubted not they should create in the Sovereign, took presenting costumes, at the end of it, which great There were, until very lately, four bodies of infantry in no prudent measures to secure success, but contented them- bance its value. the Turkish empire:-1. The Janissaries.--1. The Je- selves with committing all manper of excesses. The Sul. To complete our picture of the extermination de bedgis -8. Topchis, or Cannoniers; and 4. The Top-tan, whom these crimes were intended to terrify, was not dissaries, we shall translate one or two passages, Arabadgis. The Janissaries were established by Orkhan, moved for a moment from pursuing his original design. word:-“ Four days after the massacre, I visited the in 1380, instead of the Rayas. The Turkmans proving " These Janissaries (he said) shall all be cut off, or the where the Janissaries had fallen. A more hideen insubordinate, and unfit to serve in the infantry, Orkhan plough shall pass over the ruins of Constantinople." I never beheld. The ruins of the barrack Fere formed his new troops from the Christian prisoners; and The Janissaries, on learning the imperial will, were smoking: the dead bodies were fying scattered amar a venerable dervish, Hajji-Bektash, consecrated the corps, rendered desperate, and, in token of civil war, turned rubbish, and emitted a pestilential odour. What are by placing his white sleeve on the heads of its officers, I their camp-kettles upside down; while, on the other hand, me the most, however, in this scene of slaughter, pronouncing numberless benedictions on them and pro- the sacred standard of Mohammed was borne out of the body of an unhappy woman, who, refusing to an mising them the favour of Heaven. At the same time seraglio, and the Mufti, or chief priest, pronounced the her husband, was killed in the barrack, where al he bestowed upon the young soldiers the name of Yeni-outlawry of the rebel troops. The streets of Constanti. stretched out, with her right side ripped opto, ab cheri, "new troops," which we have metamorphosed into nople now rung with the cry of-“Let every Mussulman child hanging at her breast." Janissaries. The Janissaries, on their part, chose the holy who is faithful to his religion, take up arms and repair, 1 Further on the author adds,-“Every thing more Dervish for their patron, and assumed the name of Beck | beneath the sacred standard, to the mosque of Sultan to assume a tranquil appearance, and the organizi, tngchis: and the colleges of Dervishes founded by the Achmet!” The Muezzins, with loud sonorous voices, I the troops was proceeding rapidly when Constanta same man, enrolled themselves in the corps of the Janis. proclaiined the decree from the minarets of the city; and was set on fire in four places. It was evidents saries, of which they formed the 99th orta, or company. every Mussulman obeyed, and the whole of the people of some partisans of the Janissaries, and the Sun
At first, with the exception of these Dervishes, none moved in tumultuous masses towards the Hippodrome. that something yet remained to be done, belore but Christians were admitted into the corps. Mohammed The populace from the Asiatic side of the Bosphorus also should be completely restored. Five women were at II. completed its organization, but his regulations were thronged towards the same spot; and this vast multitude, who were running through the streets, crying afterwards somewhat modified by the great Solyman. It preceded by eight or ten thousand cannoniers, commanded Down with the Sultan ! Down with the new consisted of 229 ortas or companies, of which 79 remained by Aga Pasha, rushed towards the place where the Janis. Long live the Janissaries !” They were each in garrison in the capital, while the remainder were dis- saries were encamped, as it were, and in a moment com- in a sack, and thrown into the Bosphorus'.150persed through the various provinces of the empire. The menced the charge. Though surprised, and somewhat In all probability they were unhappy Fidor whole corps consisted of four divisions--the first of which confounded, by this sudden attack, the Janissaries de- affliction and sorrow had bereaved of understanding