Abbildungen der Seite




zation of the brain. They say they cannot separate cascade, crosses the forest, and takes again to the wa materialism from the latter opinion. Whilst I acknow. ben he has passed the danger. He takes no provis ledge it to be materialism in a certain degree, yet it is

| with him, for he is a welcome guest in the huts, whi REMARKS ON PHRENOLOGY. perfectly consistent with all that religion or philosophy which mingle their waters with the Marannon in thista

are numerous along the banks of the river. The ris TO THE EDITOR

has ever taught; and he who contends that the particular are not, it secins, infested with crocodiles; and the natin SIR,-It has been argued that the brain is not one organ, facult

faculties of the mind are manifested by the instrumentality therefore, almost all travel like the Peruvian poste but consists of many, becanse it could not be possible for of particular portions of the brain, seems to me to be no After be has rested himself a few days at Tomependa different faculties to be at rest at the same time. This sip. more of a materialist than he who admits the dependancy place of his destination, he returns again by land. 1

very seldom that letters are lost in gle argument appears to me sufficient to prove a plurality of Innlit

this conveyance, of the faculties in a general manner. In both cases matter

even wetted." of organs, provided the fact be admitted that the brain is is the instrument; but the former expresses his opinion

Appropos :-Whilst we are on the subject of si the instrument of the mind. For I would ask. bow can in a definite manner; the latter is content with a vague I.

in a definite manner; the latter is content with a vagueming, we shall be particularly obliged to any person the brain be necessary in a general manner, without being a

and indefinite expression, and most probably bas not a can inform us what was the distance which the gentle also necessary for its particular actions, seeing generally distinct ide

distinct idea of his owo meaning. This doctrine has been mentioned in the following paragraph undertook to sg

, and particularly objected to as destroying the unity of the We copy it from the Liverpool Mercury, Aug 28. 18 re made each particular faculty must either be manifested by mind. It has been said, by metaphysicians, that the “Mr. Scrope, Fellow of the means of the whole brain, or by a particular part of it.

part of it mind is a single power, possessing some general powers of who betted 5000 guineas, some time since, that he wa Were the whole necessari. all the faculties would be observation and judgment, independent of the special svim from Engleborst, the seat of Lord Cavan, on

Southampton river, to the Isle of Wight, has regar exercised at the same time, which is not true, and there organs; the knowledge acquired by which, without some

750 guineas forfeit from the sporting gentleman fore there must be some part only required for each directing power, would be useless, as we would be regu- 1.30

whom he made the wager." essentially different faculty. But there does not want larly governed by the propensities and feelings of these proof to establish this point of belief; for it is observed,

faculties; and by way of proof of it, it is added, that we that in different individuals of the same class of animals,

are conscious of possessing some general powers of mind, The Beauties of Chess. or among men, the different faculties vary in relation such as willing and judging. But in answer to this it can to each other; the organs must, therefore, be different by be said, that were the mind independent of organs, an

“ Ludimus effigiem belli."-VIDA. which they manifest these faculties; for if there was only | impression made on the organs of an intoxicated person

SOLUTION TO STUDY CLI. one organ, no individual could distinguish himself by one ought to exercise the same mental powers as in sobriety.

WHITE faculty, as we see some distinguish themselves in painting, Besides, we are conscious of the propensities and senti.

1 Queen ......B-6X 1 King .........Cpoetry, &c. Again, the faculties of mind are disements not being derived from any thing external to us;

2 Bishop ......B-7X 2 King

.........Btributed in different classes of animals in different rela.

for they are sensations, but not ideas. Lastly, the facul. 3 Castle ...... E-SX 3 Castle ......

ties are developed with increasing age, and become less 4 Bishop ......E- X tions, and independent one of the other ; but all have a

4 King ........

5 Bishop ......F-5X 5 Castle ...... brain, and possess faculties corresponding to the parts energetic in decline of life.--I must at present postpone

6 Pawn ......D-4

6 Pawn ......Hfound in the brain ; the faculties pot depending entirely saying any more, intending to write to you soon again on

7 Pawn ......D-5

7 Pawn ......39. Further, -Like the senses, the different fund the subject-I remain, yours, &c.

8 Pawn ......D_6

8 Pawn .....H-1

J. B. W-N. tions are not developed at the same time in the same

9 Pawn ......D-7XMATE. becomes a Qi degree, which would not be the case were the brain a SWIMMING FEATS-SWIMMING POSTMEN OF SOUTH

STUDY CLII. single organ. For example, a child is not capable of con-


White to win with the pawn in nine moves ceiving the existence of God, though it can understand

(Continued from our last.) other things. Lastly,- Partial lessons of the mind, ac. cording to partial lessons of the brain, as well as partial! In the Kaleidoscope published September 19, 1820,

Black. integrity of mind, would not be possible, if there did not we recorded the case of a sailor who was washed over. exist several organs. Instances of this kind are pumerous. board from a French sloop at nine o'clock in the evening,

5 a 3 d 1 H A blow on the head, over the eye, has been known to and who swam all the night, and was picked up in the occasion a loss of the power of recollecting words, so that morning by a pinnace boat of the ship Liverpool Hero. the individual could not express his wants, though there! We can readily believe that a person may sustain himremained a capability of understanding business. Many self in the sea in warm climates for half a day or more, insane persons reason so well upon the greater number as the water is often at least twenty degrees warmer than of subjects, that nothing but an acquaintance with the

that of our river. A gentleman of our acquaintance, particular object of their insanity could lead us to pro who has just returned from a foreign voyage, informs nounce them insane. A remarkable instance of this kind us that he found the water in the Gulf Stream at a tem. may be seen in Lord Erskine's trials. The French call perature of 82 degrees by Fahrenheit's thermometer. it reasoning folly. Persons have walked, spoken, and Besides this, the water of the ocean is much more briny, heard in their sleep, and, therefore, as some of the and consequently much more buoyant than our river senses may be awake, and others asleep, so may any other water. of the internal faculties. I have been told of a person that

1 The most extraordinary instance we ever read of the frequently got up in his sleep, and wrote discourses upon power of remaining immersed in water is recorded by subjects, then returned to his bed, and awoke without Humboldt in his celebrated “ Researches.” It is as fol. any recollection of what he had done. The first time he lows : did this, he could not imagine how the paper on his desk " It is curious to remark the different modes which men

А в C D E F G H bad been filled up with the subject upon which he had

mod employ for doing the same thing, when placed in physical
circumstances of great diversity. We may expect to meet

been meditating. He recognised his own hand-writing ; in the Andes with frequent examples of this ; for no
and, having been watched, he did this frequently, without where, doubtless, are the physical circumstances in which
observiog the person who watched him. Now this I man is placed so unlike those by which he is usually

To Correspondents. maintain to be a proof that the brain is not one, but surrounded. We learn from Humboldt, that in order to many organs. It has been further objected, that the

keep up the communication between the coasts of the Pa- GERMAN LITERATURE. We have just received from

cific Ocean and the provinces situated on the east of the unity of organization would be destroyed by the doctrine Andes, a post is established; and the postman traverses

teemed literary correspondent, a packet containing

of original translations of German stories, from the of a plurality of organs. But we observe the body to be the latter, not conveyed as we suppose in a mail coach, '&c. We shall appropriate a portion, if not the # one, although it be made up of different parts; for they nor riding on horseback, nor even walking on foot, but theni. all concur to a common end, and have a mutual depend swimming, wbich he does for two days together, brst The Stanzas of C. Johnson are res ence on one another for their action. Unity of conscious. the Amazons. He wraps the few letters of which he is down the river Chamaya, and afterwards down a part of

THE UNION AIR PUMP-The engraving of this inve nese would no more be destroyed by this belief than by the bearer in a kind of handkerchief, which he winds like

now completed, and the description shall appear saying we see with two eyes, or we hear with two ears; a turban round his head.

next Kaleidoscope.

The Chamaya river is not na. for, in either case, the organ is the instrument, not the vigable, on account of a great number of small cata. / Our next supplemental sheet win be published in a

two. We are in the very midst of the turmoil of n racts; and indeed it falls no less than 1777 feet in the efficient cause of action.

distance of 18 leagues. I am much surprised to hear those who admit the in.

iver that the It is in this rapid river that the

from our Lord-street premises. postipan swims; and in order to fatigue himself less, he in some general manner, supports himself on a small log of very light wood. When Printed, published, and sold, EVERY TUESDI do dependancy of the mind on the particular organi. a ridge of rocks intersects the rivers, he lands above the E. SMITH & Co. 75, Lord.street, Liverpoo

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Literary and Scientific Mirror.


familiar Mixellany, from which all religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending LITERATURE, CRITICISM, MEN and ANTIK, AKCEMENT, elegant EXTRACTS, POETRY, ANECDOTES, BIOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY, the DRAMA, ARTS and SCIENCES, WIT and SATIRE, FASHIONS, NATURAL HISTORY, &c. forming i handene ANTAL VOLUME, with an Index and TITLE-PAGE. Persons in any part of the Kingdom may obtain this Work from London through their respective Booksellers.

2.372.-Vol. VIII.



Scientific Notices,


le mean

| as the faculty, Mind, is cultivated, and the agencies of as respects the reign of the second Henry; and their mea.

Dature judiciously employed. A great man called this greness arises more from the scantiness of materials than Iprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve. ents in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sin

country “ a nation of shopkeepers ;" might he not have my own disinclination. But if the reign of Henry pre. ble Medical Cases: Astronomical. Mechanical, Phi. more justly defined it a pation of practical chymists and sents little of interest, that of his son Richard presents in. sophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mineralogical machinists, who ride, fly, swim, and practise all the opera- cidents of the first importance, as respects the present subhenomena, or singular Facts in Natural History; tions of the arts of life by means of inanimate matter ?- ject,—and a more extended notice of it will, therefore, be Vegetation, &c. ; Antiquities, &c.

If the mind of man were perfect, so would be his first necessary. When Richard ascended the throne, he re

conceptions of an instrument; but as it is progressive, his solved on an expedition to the Holy Land; and the means THE UNION AIR-PUMP.

instruments are susceptible of improvement; for, in ge- by which he raised the supplies necessary for this expedi. The following description of an important improvement neral, they are, at first, found to be complicated and re- tion, deserve some notice. Ist, He sold, to the highest simplification of the air-pump is very well worthy of mote from the simplicity of nature, which, in the most bidder, the demesne lands of the Crown, or, in other words. attention of our readers.

elegant manner, operates by the shortest means; hence he disposed of the forfeited estates of the Saxon nobles, TO THE EDITORS.

the simplifying of machinery approaches its perfection, as enjoyed by the Conqueror and his successors. 2d, He ex. EXTLEMEX,-Should you apprehend the following!

is evinced in the histories of naval architecture, the steam- acted a fine of twenty shillings from every knight's fee. ription of an instrument, with its appendages, worthy

engine, and the air-pump. An extended application of 3d, He sold the honours of the Crown for large sums; eing made known to the philosophical world, you

the above instrument, I apprehend, might be in the throw. and, 4th, He assembled the king's council of nobles and at liberty to communicate it in either or both of your

ing out a line to vessels in distress near our coast; it might prelates, at Nottingham, and obtained from it a contribucable pablications; or in any other way you may think

be used also on board of a man-of-war-but it would be tion of two shillings in every caracute of land. By these -Years, &c

too destructive, in consequence of the great facility of means Richard was enabled to proceed in his expedition, JOHN BRADLEY.

charging it; and as air-guns are illegal on land, it would be and to reap that barren glory which still encircles his name. day, Findsor, Tozleth-park, near Liverpool

improper to use them on water, though such an instrument It belongs not to the present inquiry to detail the in

would supersede the use of powder, and many of the aux- trigues of John during his brother Richard's absence, or C cylinder ; Pa solid piston, 1 iliaries attending the working of large guns. On the the progress of Richard in his mad scheme of conquering See the length of which is one inch coast it might be used in the most tempestuous weather, the Saracens and regaining the Holy City. I shall, there. longer than the distance from t, as it regniregn

istance from t, as it requires neither fint, fire, nor powder, and is sus. fore, pass on to notice the means by which Richard ebe the top of the cylinder, to e. | When the piston is at the bottom

ceptible of being charged to any power that the receiver is tained revenue, after his return to England -as they preof the cylinder, as in the dia. capable of resisting.

sent a curious instance of the miserable necessities the mo. gram, there is then an open com

narch was reduced to by the insufficient provisions of the munication between the upper

feudal system. Fully aware of the rash act be had compart of the cylinder and the reThe Investigator.

mitted, in disposing of the Crown lands, he forcibly reo ceiver, R. As the piston rises (Comprehending Political Economy, Statistics, Jurispru- sumed possession of them, contending that the reve- , to the top, by turning the rack.

dence, occasional passages from Parliamentary Speeches wheel, 2, it forces the air out

nue received from them, by their purchasers, was more of a general nature, occasional Parliamentary Docuthrough the valve, o, at the top ments, and other speculative subjects, excluding Party

than sufficient to repay them the sums received by of the pump, and when the Politics.)

him prior to his expedition to the Holy Land. He piston is completely at the top,

broke the great seal of England, and required all who its lower part, being by an inch

(ORIGINAL.) below e, covers the entrance into

held possessions, or honours under it, to hare them the receiver, and prevents the AN HISTORICAL AND CRITICAL INQUIRY INTO THE

renewed under the new seal, else they became foradmission of air. The receiver, ORIGIN OF THE CONSTITUTION OF ENGLAND.

feited, of course, the fees, &c. were demanded as in when exhausted, may be libe.

cases of an original grant under the great seal. He rated by opening the stop-cock,


raised a contribution of five shillings on every caracuta +, on the top of the pump. Remove the receiver, Ř, and screw

of land, pretending he was sanctioned in so doing by the

(Continued from page 25.) blowpipe, B, on the valve, o, work the wheel, z,

proceedings of the before-mentioned councilat Nottingham. the air will soon be sufficiently condensed for a blow.


He exacted tollages from all burghs, cities, towns, demesnes, u will be evident by opening the stop-cock, +, in The reign of the Second Henry presents little of im.

&c. belonging to the Crown. He raised the fines of ward. beat of the pipe. In the same manner the air-gun,

ship most enormously, and exacted for purveyorship ten ray be used.

portance as respects the present inquiry. His ample pos- | Screw the receiver, r, on the stopkt, in the top of the cylinder, and place the receiver, sessions in France, amounting to one-third of that king.

times the amount required by the feudal system; and its plate, the pump then becomes a double trans- dom, yielded revenue sufficient to maintain his dignity,

finally, he demanded and obtained fines for even knight's

'I fee. It is clear, that in thus obtaining revenue he vioeven if he had received nothing from England; and his bus are combined in one simple instrument, the union disagreement with the clergy in the early part of his reign,

lated the privileges guaranteed to the Crown vassals by purp; an air-pump without valve between the re-coupled with his disputes with his sons, at its close, gave

the feudal system, and confirmed to them by the Connet and cylinder ; a powerful blowpipe; a powerful him little leisure to turn his attention to the financial state

queror when he obtained possession of England. The gun; and a double transferrer; the enormous prices of his English possessions. Yet there are some circum.

impost of five shillings on every caracute of land, under hich are too well known to poor experimentalists. stances in this reign which deserve notice, as being the re

the pretence that it was sanctioned by the council at Note mote cause of the troubles in the reign of his son John;

tingham, was a most tyrannical measure, as Richard per. addition to the foregoing description, which appeared and these are, Ist, Henry raised the fees of wardship con- pe

petuated a tax which was only granted by the Crown vas. e Mercury, we annex the following observations, by siderably; and, 2nd, he exacted more in the way of pur

sals in consequence of a pressing emergency. The tollage Bradley. veyorship than was his due, according to the provisions of te

of required from the cities, towns, demesnes, &o. belonging Dvidence has given to man three potent servants-fire, the feudal system. These innovations were then consi

to the Crown was a gross violation of the feudal system, * air, together with a faculty of using them; and in dered but of little importance, but, being acted upon in a

as the immediate vassals of the Crown were exempled by Dertion to the manner of use, he procures to himself the more extensive manner by the first Richard, they produced

the laws from such imposts. But the most flagrant breach estäties, conveniences, and amusements of life. Hence the most important consequences both to the Crown and

of the feudal system was in the cases of wardship and pur. Tiduals and nations rise or fall in the scale of eminence the people. These remarks are all I consider Decessary,

• Hoved.

veyorship. By the consent of the Conqueror and his suc- procrastinate the evil day of dependance upon the people, ! During this time a man had brought some pa cessors, a stipulated sum was paid by all minors in cases and the liberties of England dawned not under their sway, which he threw into the letter-box; and soon afte of wardship, which sum was proportionate to the dignity But I have now arrived at the period when the origin of master of the concern came from the interior to of the minor. By another agreement the claims of pur- our liberties can be proved, and their effects related. I whether there were any fresh orders. The notice of veyorship were satisfied by the payment of a yearly suin, have attempted to show that to causes widely remote from just-mentioned announcement was communicated by either in kind or in specie. Richard, without the consent a splendid effect may be traced the origin of our liberties, clerk; but the master replied with emphasis - 1 of his vassals, raised the fines of wardship most enormously, and in the next step I purpose to show, that not even to sense! I mean orders for my Gazette." He then and exacted more than ten times the stipulated sum as a Magna Charta can we ascribe the constitution of England, chanically put his hand into the letter-box, took o satisfaction for purveyorship. These acts on the part of nor to the efforts of the barons can we attribute the liber- handful of the contents, and threw himself into an the King were justly considered as the first steps in a ties we enjoy. But to return.

chair to read at his convenience. The first note he op career of taxation unsanctioned by the vassals, and unac. The reign of John is one of the greatest importance to was of the following import :-" I request the Gaz knowledged by the feudal system. But it was not to be the present inquiry, and as at this period the interest of office not to send me any more Correspondente expected that the proud and powerful aristocracy of Eng. the subject is mightily increased, a more extended view of Michaelmas.” land would tamely submit to these innovations. During the reigns of John and his successors will be absolutely “So, so," said the proprietor, in a somewhat low the short period of Richard's reign, syınptoms of disaffec. necessary. How far I can trespass upon the patience of tone, resting his heavy political head against the r tion occurred, and the nobles clamoured loudly and fear. my readers remains yet to be proved, but I much fear that support of his seat, and looking as earnestly at the lessly against the tyranny of their sovereign ; the prelates my poor efforts will tire them, ere I can conscientiously as if he had been anxious to discover some new stary also espoused the cause of the nobles, and already these draw to a conclusion. However, I shall persevere in my broad day-light. He took up a second paper, and read coalitions were formed which subsequently obtained the undertaking, merely informing the readers of the Kalei. before:-" I shall not want your Correspondant any long grant of Magna Charta. It was at this critical period doscope, that the Historical and Critical Inquiry into the and beg that you will discontinue sending it after the pl that Richard, by death, escaped the consequence of his Origin of the Constitution of England, will extend to up- sent quarter.” The man's eyes became less visible; his be ill-judged measures, and his weak and unfortunate bro- wards of 24 chapters of about the same length as the pre- lowered; he turned to the other side, and seemed to conti ther John was left to receive the punishment for those acts sent. If they think I extend my subject to an undue a train of thoughts which the reading of the second date which Richard himself had committed. But before pro- length, let them now speak, or else hereafter for ever hold rather strengthened than interrupted. He one ceeding to the reign of John, I think it necessary to notice, their peace.

stretched forth his hand, and, as misfortune would have somewhat at length, the internal condition of England at

End of Chapter IV.

he once more got hold of a-" Please to take notice," the period of Richard's death.

-This was really too bad : three subscribers withdra The condition of the Anglo-Saxons during the reign of

at once! what could be the reason ? He quickly,

Mwen and Manners. the Conqueror and his immediate successors, has already

made some hasty strides through the rooin, and als been noticed ; and the means of extortion employed upon

ordered the young man to call in the doctor. He them have been minutely stated : but time, which produces


crammed the unfortunate requests into his hand, mighty changes, also changed the condition of the Anglo.

given them such a convulsive squeeze, that very litt Saxons. During the reigns I have before noticed, the [TRANSLATED FROM THE GERMAN HERMIT, EXPRESSLY FOR THE their primitive form remained; but as soon as the do amalgamation of the Saxons and Normans gradually and


made his appearance, he threw all before him, and silently took place, and as the conquerors and conquered

claimed,-" There ! there! what do you say to that became intermingled and confounded together, those acts

It is an old saying, that we ought not to analyse our “ I cannot help that,” was the reply : “there are of oppression, which had hitherto been used against the enjoyments, nor be too particular in our inquiries as to

so many papers, besides bad times, no war, no rebell Anglo-Saxons, could no longer be employed. The inter. the manner in which certain things are composed.

the manner in which certain things are composed. It is no stir of any kind : what other reasons would you bar, mixture of Saxons, Danes, Normans, French, &c, had

had for this reason that good housewives will not allow any “Pol! poh! a man of genius is never without ressure produced the English, and when Richard had sought to

visitors to come to the kitchen; and, on the same principle, the world is now ruled by opinion; and if you flater tax the Anglo-Saxons after the manner of the Conqueror,

the editors of newspapers do not like to be called upon you may do what you like."_" What is the use of he found a new race, who preserved no distinctive traces during the hours of preparation. It may, nevertheless, tery, when people have got no money to pay for it of their origin, and who claimed the same privileges and interest som

eces and interest some of my readers to share the observations . They will find money enough to pay for our immunities as did the Normans in the early periods of the

which I was accidentally enabled to make on such an when they find that it contains something that may conquest. Thus, by this change, was the monarch deprived occasion,

their situation.”-“How am I to manage that, when of a most fruitful source of revenue, and thus was the mighty

I was studying the history of the campaign in 1793, is nothing going on; when the like inactivity prevai crisis of England's liberty and independence hastened

and remembering that I had read an important article the cabinets, the saloons, and the commercial world with isresistible rapidity, Another power now claimed

in one of the Correspondents, I begged leave at the office “Do like the French,-make something out of not the monarch's potice, which, feeble in the reign of the to search for the number I wanted, and I obtained it: Look at the emancipation of Hayti ; did they not com Conqueror. acquired gigantic strength in the reign of his but as my occupation detained me a considerable time, I to make a most glorions hirsiness of it. though it i successors—and this power was the clergy. By the regu. and I continued

fact nothing at all. The blacks have to purchase lations between the Conqueror and the Pope, the former

those in the establishment, and I had therefore an oppor. freedom; but what an outcry about this grant of was allowed the privilege of nominating and appointing the tunity to witness what was going on.

liberty! what precious disputes about the pervers Archbishops and Bishops, and, as has been already stated,

| The next person to me in the room was a young man, order and precedent, or the astonishing progress of the early Norman monarchs used this privilege as a means

who answered to inquiries, and received orders. A young ideas !"_“Well, but this has nothing to do with of obtaining revenue. But when Stephen ascended the throne, he partly gave up this important privilege, and it began with laying a dollar upon the table; but under-/ want coats and linen in the European fashion; and was finally wrested from the second Henry, by the haughty standing that this would scarcely suffice to have the event not the circumstance have great influence on our Thomas à Becket. Thus the first step was made in de mentioned a

mentioned at all, and having received positive orders to manufactories, on our West Indian Associations, ar priving the monarch of another source of revecue, and get something very dashing to be inserted, she increased the steam Davigation of the Rhine?"_" No, that it thus was his humiliation further hastened. The great the premium to a full louis d'or, under the condition of because don't give yourself the trouble of exhall cause of this change, and of the clergy's power may be getting No. I. in point of language, with all the particu- your reasoning faculties; spare your arguments for found in the struggle between Stephen and Maud, as to lars, and a black border besides. The intended article fitter opportunity: I do not intend to speculated secure the support of the church both parties granted it was

granted it was written out, and met with her full approbation; it either in wool or in linen, but I know people this immunities and privileges which could not again be was as follows:

and they will read our paper, make inquiries, enter wrested from it. From this period until the end of Richard's! “ This is the most unfortunate day of my life. The discussions: discussions. I say: do you hear thamil reign, the clergy gradually acquired more extensive privi. angel of death, from whom no one escapes, seized my 1 you aware of all the advantages which they may leges and greater power; and in the reign of John, so beloved, never-to-be-forgotten husband, and drew him and how they may lead on to other matters not only great had their influence increased, that we find them the

(the ever dear) into the realm of shades by means of connected with the subject; but all good' in the arbiters of the destinies of England.

an apoplectic fit. To me, who stand broken-hearted Any thing is better than the common-place art Thus I have traced the progress of the feudal system,

near his grave, nothing remains but the wish soon to which you filled our yesterday's publication, and and the cause which retarded the effects of its pecuniary

follow him. He was in the very prime of life, being | you see the consequences before you in the slape provisions on the dignity of the monarch. The early Nore oply five and forty years, three months, two days, and four confounded notes. What do the public care will man Kings, from causes before explained, were enabled to hours and a quarter old. May all weep with me! but let a Prince has set out for one place or for abou..

none make me acquainted with their tears, as they would his Highness had broken his neck, or nearly: † Hoved. Lingard. only increase my own."

. . l be a little better : it is not at all necessary that sur

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And unobserved, but by the traveller's eye,

requiring to be taught themselves; and if it be of me Proud vaulted domes in fretted fragments lie,

that we ought to think and speak with somewhat of And thy fall'n column, on the dusty ground,

and judgment, as well of affairs of taste as in mat Pale ivy throws its sluggish arms around, &c.

morality, it is equally important that any thing hai

tendency to encourage the vitiated or false percepti Disastrous fate! still tears will fill the eye,

what we witness or know, should be discountena Still recollections prompt the mournful sigh,

nay, reprobated. And though it may be much en

imbibe erroneous ideas than to eradicate them whe When to thy mind recurs thy former fame,

quired, it is, nevertheless, the especial duty of those Poetry. And all the horrors of thy present shame.

ing in any wise the guidance of public opinion, to So some tall rock, whose bare broad bosom high, out its more legitimate and judicious course ; for Tow'rs from th' earth, and braves the inclement sky;

ratio of a man's power to do good, should be his effi LINES. On whose vast top the blackening deluge pours,

benefit his kind. At whose wide base the thundering ocean roars;

Heav'n doth with us, as we with torches do,

Not light them for themselves : for if our virtues “This grief is to my bewildered mind what the church of In conscious pride its huge gigantic form

Dld not go forth of us, 't were all alike Lidcote is to our park: we may lose ourselves among the Surveys imperious, and defies the storm;

As if we had them not. briars and thickets, for a little space, but from the end of

Till, worn by age, and mouldering to decay,

Let not, then, I pray you, Gentlemen, a Vandenh each avenue we see the old gray steeple and the grave of my

Browne, a Meadows, a Bedford, and-though in en

Th’insidious waters wash its base away, forefathers. I would I were to travel that road to-morrow!"

ration last, in talent foremost and alone—a Doutor, -KENILWORTH.

It falls, and falling, cleaves the trembling ground, his hour upon the stage,” without your frequente
And spreads a tempest of destruction round.

roendation. Content not yourselves with the du Oh, fair may be the valleys, and the daisied meadows

eloquence of silent" admiration, but proclaim aloud to

world the pleasurable emotions with which these word green,

AN INSCRIPTION OVER A TAVERN IN PISA. And thickets, glens, and woodland sweet, compose a fairy

inspire you; and with which, therefore, they are cap

of inspiring others. To any one, however, at .. scene;

The following inscription over a tavern door in Pisa is sant with our present dramatic recreations, it w Yet, amid the sylvan glories bright, so beauteous to see, now making its tour through the papers. It is ingenious merely requisite, speaking of Dowton in particula Still “the old gray steeple" points the spot, aye, dearest enough-as the first line is Italian, the second French, the

say he represented such a part; every other thing third Latin, and the fourth English. : unto me.

could mention of him will then be understood, for

would be supererogation, censure absurd; so comp It may be in scenes Elysian, that we lose ourselves awhile,

In questa caza trouverete

does he realize the description of an actor in my And nature in her witchery, may thought, perchance,

Tout se que l'on peut souhaiter,

that, as regards him, criticism's "occupation's gone Bonum vinum, pisces, carnes,

hope, the weather having become cooler, to see this beguile;

Coaches, chaises, horses, harness.

man play Falstaff again : rich as are all his performa But transient her dominion, o'er the heart that changing

In this tavern you may find

Falstaff, to my thinking, is the most racy. Wod Dever,

not be suitable for his benefit, which must now

Every thing to suit your mind, From its buried love nor time, nor scene, nor aught but

occur? the same play (Henry IV.) presenting the in

Good wine, good fish, and flesh, in courses, death can sever.

ment, besides, of Vandenhoft's Hotspur, than which Coaches, chaises, harness, horses.

difficult to imagine a more spirited and judicious speel Oh, there is a spell omnipotent, a power to all unknown,

of acting. Save the one bereaved that hence must make life's pil.

The Drama.

August 11, 1827. grimage alone : A spell there is the spot around, where low the flow'ret

THE THEATRE. lies, Transcending all that earth can boast, or heaven's own « The most that Vandyke can arrive at, is to make his porgolden skies. traits of great persons seem to think ; Shakspeare goes further

"Ludimus effigiem belli."-VIDA. 1 yet, and tells you what his pictures thought. An actor should I see the grave, the grave of her, the dearest and the best, step beyond them both, and call them from the grave to

SOLUTION TO STUDY CLII. And the steeple gray that rises o'er her hallowed place breathe, and be themselves again, in feature, speech, and mo

WHITE. tion. When the skilful actor shows you all these powers

1 Castle......... F 8X of rest;

1 Queen.........2 at once united, and gratifies at once your eye, your ear, your 2 Queen.........F 6X 2 Castle.........E And nature in her loveliest wears a garb less fair to me, e, understanding; to conceive the pleasure rising from such har 3 Knight ....... 7

3 Queen.... Than where with her, my angel love, where I so fain mony, you must have been present at it: it is not to be told 4 Knight ......D 5X 4 Queen......... . would be. you."

5 Knight ......C

5 Queen

6 Castle .........B 8X 6 Queen. Oh, the wasting grief in silence that unceasing on me preys,


7 Pawn .... ..B 6

7 Queen......... And the valley shrouds in darkness, and extinguishes less, and extinguishes SIR,--As a lover of the drama, I am not less grieved

8 Bishop.........C 7X 8 Queen...... hope's rays; than surprised that you should evince so culpable an in

9 Pawn .........C 7X Mate. Oh, this grief to my bewildered mind makes all a desert difference to the amusements of the stage. Scarcely does here,

STUDY CLIII. But beyond the grave all, all is bright; and she, my love, pages, and these emanating only from the pen of an occaa solitary notice, even of the Theatre, appear in your White to win with the pawn in nine moves, withol

taking the queen. . is there. !

sional correspondent, as little qualified for the office as Liverpool

myself, whose sentiments are either swayed by friendship,

or biased by personal dislike, and whose opinions, whether

just or otherwise, are necessarily bereft alike of the re-
sponsibility of your name, and the influence of your


authority. It may be, indeed, that "the cant of criticism” Unrivali'd Greece! thou ever-honour'd name,

disgusts you, or, perhaps, the malignant effrontery of Thou nurse of heroes dear to deathless fame!

some pseudo-critics, (for critics, forsooth, they modestly Though now to worth, to honour, all unknown;

term themselves, while it excites your loathsome contempt, Thy lustre faded, and thy glories flown;

deters you also from essaying the ungracious task of Yet still shall memory, with reverted eye,

scourging their ignorant impertinence, and endeavouring, Trace thy past worth, and view thee with a sigh, &c.

as I think you ought, to cultivate more correct notions

amongst those, who have no alternative but to be satisfied This was thy state! but, oh! how chang'd thy fame

with the maudlin imbecility which, so much to the averAnd all thy glories fading into shame.

sion and disrepute of the town, has latterly prevailed here. What! that thy bold, thy freedom breathing land,

But these, I conceive, are additional motives for efficient Should crouch beneath a tyrant's stern command

exertion, rather than adequate reasons for fastidious inert. That servitude should bind in galling chain,

ness, and should stimulate you to the useful exercise of Whom Asia's millions once oppos'd in vain,

the means you possess for remedying an evil of no insig. Who could have thought? Who sees, without a groan, nificant magnitude ;-means, I would add, rendered poThy cities mould'ring and thy walls o'erthrown? tent by your talents, and the powerful engine you control.

A B That where once tower'd the stately solemn fane,

C D E F G H If it be of consequence that we should be instructed at all, Now moss-grown ruins strew the ravag'd plain, we should be properly instructed ; not taught by teachers!


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