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millar Miscellany, from which all religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending LITERATURE, CRITICISM, Men and NERS, AMUSEMENT, elegant EXTRACTS, POETRY, ANECDOTES, BIOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY, the DRAMA, Arts and SCIENCES, WIT and SATIRE, Fashions, NATURAL HISTORY, &c. forming dsome ANNUAL VOLUME, with an Index and TITLE-PAGE. Persons in any part of the Kingdom may obtain this work from London through their respective Booksellers.

117.- Vol. VIII.

LIVERPOOL, TUESDAY, JUNE 21, 1828.

Price 3 d.

TRIPLES LIGHT AS HAIR!

The Kaleidoscope.

and other facial excrescences. We are assured, on The following miscellaneous facts, bearing on

very respectable authority, that no fewer than 8,000 this subject, are copied from our manuscript scrapBEARDS AND WHISKERS.

Russians were massacred in 1720, on occasion of the book. They are, we believe, chiefly gleaned from order of Peter I. that people should shave their D’Israeli.

beards. They were conducted into a vast inclosure, “ The Tartars declared the Persians infidels, and (Not) SHAKSPEARE.

where numbers of blocks, &c. had been previously waged a long war with them, because they would lery clever and amusing article, on the subject arranged, when Peter himself, with the axe in his not cut off their whiskers, while it was more infaards and whiskers, appeared in the last Mercury, hand, gave the example to the executioners how they mous in Turkey to lose the beard than to be publicly vill be found appended to our editorial prefatory should chop off the heads of the victims. Who would whipped. rks. Our readers, who are in the habit of see- have thought it possible that a nation of vassals, who “ To touch another's beard, or cut off a little, was both of our publications, will, we presume, had surrendered their liberties to the will and ca- a token of love and protection amongst the first ly overlook, if not highly approve, of the trans- price of a despot, should have thrown off their alle. French; and all letters which came from the King i the Kaleidoscope of an article of no ordinary giance, and braved death in defence of a “feature,” had three hairs of his beard in the seal. 1, uniting the humour of Swift and Addison. if we may so term it, in which the goat has decidedly “ In the reign of Catharine, Queen of Portugal, object of the writer is to demonstrate the fallacy the advantage over the “ lord of the creation?” the brave John de Castro took the castle of Diu, le prevailing notion, that beards and whiskers

Well might Swift represent mankind as he has in India. He borrowed from the inhabitants of Goa ny evidence of the courage and manhood of the done in his Gulliver, recollecting the endless absurdi- 1,000 pistoles, as a security for which, he sent them er. He maintains the direct reverse of this, and ties which prevail in the world, not less ludicrous one of his whiskers. precedents he adduces are highly amusing, and than those we have enumerated! and well might the “ The Turks, when they comb their beards, gather e a more than ordinary acquaintance with poet say,

the loose hairs, fold them in paper, and bury them ture, and a very happy and playful knack of

“What dire events from trivial causes spring!"

where they bury the dead.” ping his knowledge to bear upon his argument.

D'Arnay, in his Private Life of the Romans, re. bes not contend that the beard, per se, is indica. The weakness or caprice of a wench set the Gre- lates that“ amongst that nation, the beard was a e of pusillanimity, or of any peculiar moral weak- cians and Trojans by the ears, and caused the mark of wisdom; and that a learned mån, who aspired To maintain such a position, would be a sweep- death of so many heroes, that, if Homer tells truth, to a philosophic chair, could not possess it on account ensure upon the male sex, which our author has the hairs which graced Helen’s mad pate, if doubled, of being beardless." And in Goldsmith's History auch sense to insinuate. The deteriorating con- would not make up the amount; although, on the of the Earth and Animated Nature, we find the folences, which he so felicitously enumerates, arise, other hand, candour compels us to add, that this lowing particulars connected with this strange subding to liis theory, from the sedulous cultivation damsel's freak has given rise to an immortal poem, ject : natural excrescence, which ought rather to be There is a work, originally written in French,

“ The Turks shave the head, but let the beard under, than encouraged to exhaust the animal entitled, “Great Events from Little Causes.” The grow. The negroes shave their heads in figures at ors, and to deface the male countenance. A well following extract from this work, on the commotion one time, in stars at another, like the friars; and med chin, he shows us, has ever been the con produced in France by an attempt to interfere with still more com

ommonly in alternate stripes. tant of bravery, while those beards which “shine beards, may amuse our readers.

“ The Melapours of Siam shave the heads and the a meteor to the troubled air,” have ever belonged “ A beard was esteemed, formerly, in France as a

eye brows of such children as are committed to their oltroons.

badge of liberty, and the people were not a little care. The Kings of Persia, and some of the early i author who maintains such a theory, will, we proud of wearing it long, and of curling it, to render Kings of France, had their beards knotted and butime, be much more popular with the razor

. it ornamental. The monks and friars, who affected toned with gold. The Americans pluck the beard ders and barbers than with certain of the soft to despise the little vanities of the world, took it in up by the roots, so that they have been thought to who are supposed to admire the barbarous dis- their heads to shave their beards; and the then have nw beard ; a mistake which Linnæus has fallen ement of “the human face divine.” Bishop of Rouen, taking it extremely ill that the

into.” is not a little singular, that, while the ladies laity did not follow so pious an example, began to

Having protracted our prefatory remarks to an ove of the beards on the men's faces, they regard preach against beards in the pulpit, and, by degrees, unexpected length, we shall now proceed with the as frightful appendages to their own. We worked himself to so high a pitch of opposition, that dissertation of our correspondent.

however, very high authority for the opinion, he excommunicated all those of his diocese who would the sex did not always view the subject in the not consent to be shaved. Hereupon the bigots soon

BEARDS AND MUSTACHIOS. light. Cicero, in his work De Legibus, states, permitted themselves to be trimmed; but the more women were formerly prohibited from shaving, worldly-minded, accustomed to join the idea of pri

ΚΕΙΡΕΣΘΑΙ ΤΟΝ ΜΥΣΤΑΚΑ, ΚΑΙ ΠΡΟhey should thereby acquire bearded chins. The vilege to that of their beards, conceived their liberties

ΣΕΧΕΙΝ ΤΟΙΣ ΝΟΜΟΙΣ, ΙΝΑ ΜΗ ΧΑΛΕΠΟΣ bitory law, he continues, was taken from the and properties at stake, and, like true patriots, went

ΩΣΙΝ ΑΥΤΟΙΣ. . ve Tables. We recollect also, although we can- to loggerheads, and had their brains beaten out in ust at present give our authority for the fact, defence of the hairs of their chin. The commotion

tbe Venus of Cyprus, of ancient Greece, was grew so general, and its consequences so dangerous, esented with a bushy beard.

that Louis VII. found himself necessitated to take " Shave your beards, and adhere to the laros, that you here is scarcely, in the history of mankind, a part with the clergy, and have his own beard taken

may not be frightful to yourselves." *e extraordinary phenomenon than is presented in off, to bring smooth chins into fashion at Court, and,

An innovation in the costume of some of the regiments importance that has, in different ages, and by that means, to overcome the prejudices of the of the British army, by the enforcement of the wearing of ingst different nations, been attached to beards populace.”

mustachios, bas lately excited attention. Alterations in

ANNUAL PROCLAMATION OF THE SPARTAN MAGISTRATAS.

EPHORO

the cut of clothes or accoutrements alter not the men; but yoke by the Samnites, having made them feel at their beard, (see his unfortunate face in Mezeray,) was del to meddle with their regular habits of cleanliness, in re. chins, and look about them, : true patriot, Publius Ti- and made a captive, at Poictiers, by the beardless viving the antiquated custom of huge whiskers, beards, cinius Menas, A. V.C. 454, according to Pliny and Varro, Prince. In England, Edward Longshanks (not Longhe and mustachios, involves considerations of more serious im- made the lucky discovery of what was wanted, and soon was an illustrious proof of the advantage of a smooth portance than, at first sight, may be supposed. If the ob- put a new face on affairs, by an importation of barbers to a warrior and statesman: the record of his ject be to daunt the armed foreign enemy, by this array from Sicily. No sooner had this corps d'elite begun their achievements is chronicled in history: the good eft of disfigured countenances, without any design of bully; operations, than the Samnites were repulsed ; and, in the his wise laws is experienced at this day. ing our own unarmed people, it may be well to remind course of one smooth-faced generation, all Italy was sub. June 10, 1828 the patrons of mustachios, that it was the smooth-faced dued ; so that, in A. V.C. 518, the Temple of Janus was British whom the French most feared to meet, in the last, shut, by the Consul Titus Manlius Torquatus, in commesus well as in all former wars, and not the whiskered moration of triumph and of general peace.

The Bouquet. mouthed Spaniards or Germans. At Ligny, Bonaparte For a good whilc after, whilst the razors were kept in made quick work with Blucher and his hairy-faced Prus- play, all went well; no enemy could withstand them; and

I have here only made a nosegay of culled flowers, and sians, who, to save their beards, soon gave him their ihe bearded Carthaginians, who, being of Phænician origin, brought nothing of my own but the thread that ties then pigtails to handle: but it was an altered case when the were akin to the Jews, were smitten so sorely, that, through vaunted Imperial Guard, with its Legion-of-Honour deco- vexation, they hanged old Hannibal, their unlucky general. We copy the following interesting tale free rations, had to encounter clean lads, with ruddy cheeks But, in process of time, the Romans becoming careless in Alma Mater, a new literary work, recently and white chins. Whatever be the cause, whether the the essential particular, having fallen into the bad babit from the Glasgow press. It is a work of cred cherishing of a lengthened beard exhausts the animal of shaving only once or twice a week, the beardless boy powers, and causes a sickly languor, with sallow cheeks Hannibalseized the opportunity to make his assault: all able merit, and does great credit to its editor and sleepy eyes; or if the beard wearers feel as if fighting got into confusion : the disastrous battles of the Ticinus, young sudents of the University of Glasgow, in a mask, and, therefore, entertain less sense of shame, of the Trebia, of the Lake Thrasimenus, and of Cannæ, certain it is, that those nations who have most distin- followed close on each other. Just then young Scipio's guished themselves by martial prowess, have, whilst they beard commenced growing, and, by way of encourage.

THE MONK'S TALE. could daim that distinction, uniformly been careful to keep ment, he shaved it every day, as we learn also from Pliny. their faces, and most especially those of their soldiers, The example of a youth of so much merit, and of such completely shaven. In Homer it is the old and feeble high nobility, was sufficient to set the fashion ; and when

“Hates any man the thing he would not kill!-Skur men, poor old Priam and Pliæenix, and Anchises, who he attained command he would, of course, enforce the wear beards: the fighting heroes, Ajax, Diomede, Ulysses, practice on his troops. It was weary work for the barbers, Hector, Æneas, Agamemnon, Patroclus, and Achilles, for the faces of the Romans were ruefully long; but a narrow, leaving space only for the road and for the

“ The scene was truly tremendous. The defile is seem all to have been as careful in their toilette as Lord few seasons of cleanliness soon brightened and tightened rent. The mountains rise on each side so nearly Mark Ker himself, who made a point to have his regiment them up. The Carthaginians in Spain and Africa were well-trimined and full.powdered on the morning of every put, by Scipio, to the edge of the sword; and Hannibal pendicular, that the vast forests growing on their s pitched-battle, that they might die like gentlemen. When was recalled from Italy, to have his gray beard clotted cast a dismal shade over the road, and loaded a Helen points out the Grecian chiefs to Priam from the with the dust of the desert, in Aying to save it from were with a weight of snow, seemed ready to fall walls, not an individual of them is distinguished by the Scipio's vengeful razor at Zama. In vain did he seek bury the traveller as he passed below. out or colour of his beard; and, in all the numerous and help from Antiochus and Prusias, they too, being Asiatics, minute descriptions given of wounds, by Homer, no menwore long beards, and could not protect him. Perseus,

“ Now and then a chasm broke the uniformity of tion is ever made of any warrior's beard. Ulysses is King of Macedon, and Jugurtha, King of Barbary itself, gloomy scenery, and presented an object les dat praised for his fine black head of hair, in the Odyssey: in succession, fell before the trim Roman legions, who equally terrific; a torrent, arrested in its fall by the fin but never for his beard: the beards belonged only to the went on all smooth-facedly, conquering the world. Not hanging from the brow of a crag in solid mass

, aged and inactive. If, amongst the gods, Jupiter had a a béard is to be seen on the statues or medals of any one terminated in immense pointed icicles, the least of beard, it was long after his fighting days were over. of the Roman commanders during the glory of the re. Neither Bacchus, nor Theseus, nor Castor, nor Pollux, nor public

, neither of Scipio, Sylla, Pompey, nor Cæsar. icicles, if detached from the sheet above, world in any of the civilized Heroes were sculptured with beards Marius himself, although a vulgar fellow, was above the crushed the whole party, and when contempland on their chins: the bearded Bacchus was an Eastern deity; filth of a beard. Lucullus is represented with one ; and suspended over our heads, jam jam lapsera tadi and Hercules was a sort of vagabond. All the equestrian to that circumstance, probably, (for no other has ever adsimilis, could not fail to excite some emotions of te and pedestrian figures of the frieze of the Parthenon have been divined, even by commentators,) he owed the hatred smooth faces : the Centaurs, those monsters, have beards, and contempt of his soldiers, and his final deposition by

“ Whenever the mountains receded and sloped in but they are getting them well plucked by the young their

mutiny, not withstanding his splendid success against wards, they only enabled us to discover forests rising Lapith.

Mithridates, whose beard must have been the longer of each other, and swelling into new regions, till they In the Egyptian sculptures, at Thebes and Denderah, the two. Of such moment was the beard, that it out. cealed their extent and elevation in the clouds.". more than 4000 years old, the victors are shaven closely :-weighed all the good qualities, and they were many, the vanquished have long beards. Plutarch, in his life of which Lucullus possessed.

Such is the beautiful graphic manner in which ist Cleomenes states, on the authority of Aristo:le, that the first act of the Ephori, of the Spartans, on their accession -lib. 2, ode 15; buư that refers to the period of his old ling, in the course of a continental tour during the

Cato the

Censor is styled by Horace Intonsus, (unshaven,) describes the scenery amongst which we were det me to office, was to issue a proclamation for all citizens to shave age, when he had taken to tippling :

1823. their beards, and to conform strictly to the laws, that they might not be frightful to themselves, making the shaving

"Narratur et prisci Catonis

'Twas in the evening of a beautiful autumnal i the first grand test of a worthy citizen and soldier; for, to

SAEPE mero caulisse virtus."-Lib. 3, ode 21.

that season of the year which the clear atmosphere ! their honour and benefit, all Spartans were soldiers : theirs Notwithstanding the sabversion of liberty, the Roman variegated foliage render by far the most agreeablet was a standing army of the right kind, every man being armies still proceeded in their successful career, and the for viewing the beauties of nature. The sun, well prepared to maintain his individual rights, and to empire kept on the increase, so long as the Emperors and rays bursting in glowing radiance through the lens avenge his country's wrongs. The coneluding words of the soldiers shaved their faces clean, as niay be seen on

masses of the clouds, was setting behind the mounta the proclamation, " that they might not be friglıtful to their coins, where no Prince, nor soldier, on obverse or themselves," show that the Ephori had found out the reverse, is seen with a beard, until the reign of Hadrian, tinging their well defined outlines with streams ar secret, that when soldiers become terrible to their fellow. who let his

beard grow, as Plutarch says, to cover the ble and purple, which, reflected by the snows that need citizens, they cease to be so to the foreign enemy. Lysan. mishes of his face. At the precise period of the reign of the mountain's breast, in all probability for ages, der, the only Spartan general who is known to have had a Hadrian, the boundaries of the empire reached their ut. all around, till long beard, after having, by his intrigues, with the help most limit. For 460 years, from the year of the city 454,

“Each towering peak, and flinty spire, of Persian gold, ruined the independent states of Greece, when the barbers were imported, to 914, victory attended

Was bathed in floods of liquid fre." corrupted also the Spartan people, and prepared the way the course of the Roman eagles : but the beard of the old for their defeat by the Thebans, under Epan inondas. Plu- fusty Antoninus, Hadrian's successor, was a portent of and the whole seemed like the enchanted ard enchli tarch tells us that Alexander the Great, previously to his worse omen than ever shown in the sky; It was not for ing scenery of some fairy dream. expedition into Asia, ordered his Macedonian troops to nothing that the Greeks designated beards and comets by The beauty of the scene, however, was net of la shave their beards well, as an important point in the im. the same word. At the sight of that meteor, as Butler continuance; the sun gradually declined behind provement of their

discipline, as constituting them more would have called it, the Siella Comata of Antoninus, very mountains, and with him departed the glaries which truly Greeks, and the superiors of their Asiatic opponents. different from the Julian star, Victory flew off, never to In all their coins, both Alexander and his reputed father return. With victory Aed science and the liberal arts, presence bad lent to the surrounding scenery, Philip, (for he said Jupiter was his real father,) are found and amongst the first of these the art of war. Severus, gathering clouds began now to betoken a night as it with smooth chins, and neither of them was ever suspected with a beard like a goat, according to Gibbon, subverted pestuous as they had been beautiful. to be deficient in courage or skill.

the discipline of the Roman armies, and brought ruin on Our postillion, whose tardy motions had, ere this. 1 beard-wearer, or bearer, was the designation of every thing of fich, ignorance, violence, and uproare a the first tes quently excited the impatience of us all

, and called for uncouth, stupid, and ridiculous. They had, to be sure, advance towards civilization was manifested in the paring the repeated execrations of the French servant wito once been barbarians themselves , and had suffered severely of the beards. In France, Philip Augustus was nearly

the companied us, (rendered accurate in his discrimination the attacks of the Samnites, and of their other Italian to Mezeray's History, taken from coins and other

authentic horses into their briskest pace. Rapidity of moties, bo of the Gauls, assuredly from their neglect of shaving : for, actions, established the

French inonarchy in splendour.-ever

, was of little avail. Ere we had proceeded for, at in the year of the city 488, the catastrophe of the Caudine Whilst his successors followed his example

, they lived in snow began to descend with

an impetuous violence, kom forks, when their whole army was made to pass under the credit and power. But King John, choosing to wear a only in such mountainous regions, while the bidra

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ved in gusts along the narrow way, threatening to abstinence, yet bore the stamp of intellectual nobleness, gazed at me for a moment, and quickly interrupting me, ach the impending ice, and bury us in its fall. nor had yet

Monk,' said he, • I have sent for you, not that you should The snow was gradually becoming deeper as we ad.

address to me the language of cant ; not because I thought “ Decay's effacing fingers

that you could alter the texture of my future fate, but ced, and the difficulty of proceeding was, consequently,

Swept the lines where beauty lingers."

that you might be able, hereafter, to testify that Giovanno pening greater ; and the postillion now proposed leaving Upon the whole, indeed, although death had robbed his died a death that became his name; a death, glorying o pass the night in the carriage, and, hastening to our victim of the intellectual glance of a full black eye, I have in the lite which he had led. Be it thy task to justify me ination, the neighbouring town of St. John's, return, never seen a countenance that made a deeper impression had endeavoured, without effect, to stem the torrent of his soon as daylight would permit, with the means of on my mind.

blasphemy, and as he was now compelled to stop, from - bling us to proceed on our journey ; this proposal, as On our return to the parlour, the conversation gradually exhaustion, I attempted again to call him to a sense of

be anticipated, was not a very agreeable one ; none turned on the being whose remains we had just been his situation. He listened, however, but for a few minutes, is relished much the idea of spending the night in the visiting. The superior, evidently gratified by the interest coolly,– Father, I am now too much exhausted, and too -5, and in a region so desolate and difficult. It was, which I took in the concerns of the convent, became near the precincts of another world to argue doctrines. efore, with pleasure, or rather eagerness, that we re- gradually more open, and, ere we parted, gave me the Nor would I accept that hope from fear, which I could ed intelligence of our being then in the vicinity of a following brief sketch of the history of the monk. never receive from reason. Interrupt me not again, but rent of Benedictine Monks, in which, as an alterna

listen : “ It was,” says be, "on a night as tempestuous as that , he proposed we should pass the night. As, there from the fury of which you have just escaped, that Re- from my name, what I now am. I was born and educated

• I have not always been, as you may have gathered notwithstanding our national prejudices, we were Ey nearly unaniinous in thinking that the interior of a naldo Terino, whose mortal remains you have just seen, in Rome. Of the first years of my life, I remember but Fent would make a better bed. chamber than the in- came first to this convent, carrying with him credentials little; they were in all probability passed in the usual

from the father of our church. He was accompanied by routine of boyish pleasures and employments. My parents or of a carriage, and that monks were better com.

no one, save the guide who had conducted him from St. myself unfettered in my inclinations, and in the possession ions than Alpine snows, we pushed forward and soon John's. His dress, although plain, indicated a person of of a large estate.

I lost when young, and on my arrival at manhood, found ved at the convent alluded to. t has been justly remarked, that no country in the high rank, while his piercing eve, large forehead, and led by most young men of fortune in the capita?. To id exhibits more than Italy does

, specimens both of aquiline nose, seemed to favour the description contained pass over, however, this most barren part of my existence,

in these letters, that he was a man of no ordinary cha-1 proceed to narrate the event which cast for me the die best and worst architecture. The convent at which had now arrived was unfortunately of the latter class

. could lead to any inference regarding his family; nay, livid from emotion, he sunk back on bis pillow, and lay racter. These letters, however, contained nothing which of my destiny. I loved, good God! how loved."

" Here his feelings overpowered him, his face became vas a large rectangular building, more of the Tuscan

on the contrary, forbade inquiry on that subject. Being for some time almost inanimate; gradually, however, he in any other order of architecture. Its large blank

thus prevented by so sacred an authority, and feeling, i recovered, wiped his clammy brow, drew bis breath for a ls, interrupted by a few narrow ironed windows, gave confess, almost afraid to interrogate the person himself, moment, and proceeded with his narration. ta peculiarly heavy appearance. Over the gate there I could only look forward to a death-bed confession, her with all the ardency of a first love ; but she-loved

"Yes, Father, she was but it matters not. I loved · Homer's well known tribute to man's mortality, of should it please Heaven (and the old man glanced upward another! The extent of my fortune had made me conich the following is a translation, by Pope:

as he spoke) to take him hence before me, as the means fident; I asked her hand and was rejected ;—the rejection "Like leaves on trees the race of men is found, Now green in youth, now withering on the ground; of clearing up the mysterious circumstances which hung was repeated, and I was immediately afterwards goaded

by the intelligence that she was soon to be married to Another race the following spring supplies, over him.

one, otherwise my rival; he who the companion, the They fall successive, and successive rise;

“ It was not above, eight months after this, and not contidant of my boyish years,—the partaker of my boyish So generations in their course decay,

many days previous to your arrival, that a messenger pleasures, had, since we reached the years of manhood, So flourish these, when those are past away." In answer to our call, the gate was soon opened by one St. John's, io request the attendance of one of our num betwixt me and my felicity. I was driven to distraction:

came during midnight from the neighbouring town of ihwarted my ambition in a thousand different ways, was the monks, by whom, after informing him of our uation, we were invited to enter, and conducted to the ber, to receive the confessions, and perform the last offices from the certainty of bliss I had been plunged to misery. artment of the superior.

of religion, to one of the bandits who infest the neighbour. When I thought the cup was already at my lips, I found The monks, at the time of our arrival, were engaged in ing mountains, and who had been wounded in a descent, it dasbed from my hand, and appropriated by the very anting the burial service over the body of a dead brother, made by himself and companions, on the town. Desirous being to whom, of all mankind, I could have wished

Canst thou wonder then that I 10, we were informed by our conductor, had died on the of going thither myself, I rose and proceeded to pro- sought revenge ?"

cure one of my brethren to accompany me. orning of our arrival li was, therefore, some time ere burning lamp directed me to the cell of Father Terino. ceeded from me, caused him to pause for a moment,

A groan from Terino, but which he thought had proe superior came to us, during which we employed our. Ives either in pondering on our unwonted situation, or

He was still engaged in his devotions, and engaged with listening to the noble tones of the organ, as, accom

an intensity, which, for some time, prevented him from revenge.. Thy cloistered heart cannot know how sweet nied by the voice of the monks, they rose and fell in observing my entrance. On my informing him of the listen: I learned the day, the hour, the place at which

purport of my visit, he signified his willingness to ac- the ceremony was to take place ; bribed one of thy num. ag echoes along the cloisters. On the conclusion of the service, the superior made his company me, and, in a little time, we were on the road to ber,-yes, one of thy number, to lend me his robes, and St. John's.

the keys of the private entrance to the church, and, with pearance. He was remarkable for nothing, save what s then sufficiently new to us ; the black flowing robe, blue vault of heaven ; a few clouds reposed on the verge relent as I gazed on her deep blue eyes, was again

“ The moon, then at its full, was riding through the every thing ready for escape, concealed myself in the shade

of the altar. My resolution, which had almost begun to mtb long loose sleeves, and the black cap, by which his of the horizon, but above, all was clear, uninterrupted strengthened when I saw his almost triumph at the con Ber is distinguished. space. Not a sound fell upon the ear, save the ripple of

clusion of the ceremony. I fired,-and, ha, ha, ha! I We explained to him the necessity, we were under of the mountain streams, and the screeching of the night. had taken sure aim ! I saw thein fall together. My towing ourselves on his hospitality, and we were an- birds, as they

fitted past ; and the face of nature, lit up vengeance was now complete, and I escaped in the con

with a softened radiance, partook of the influence of the fusion which followed its execution. I escaped to the ered by a brief welcome. In the course of the evening, after partaking of refresh- scene of mental desolation, which we were about to wit- mountains, joined a band of banditti, became their chief

and have since led that life. ents, ordered for us by the superior, which, although ness. A few hours' travelling brought us to St. John's,

"Once, indeed, I heard that she had fallen a victim to t of a very dainty description, were, it may be supposed, and we were conducted by our guide through various odered extremely palatable by our long exposure to dark and noisome alleys, to a hovel in the outskirts, my fire, but that he had recovered; I could have wished pine colds, we were conducted by the superior through lamp,' and on a wretched bed, repased the object of our where, in a wretched room, dimly lighted by a single it otherwise; but ’ewas well, he had felt my vengeance,

and,-ha, ha! e various parts of the building, and amongst the rest to visit:

« • Monster !" exclaimed Father Terino, rising from e cell of the monk, who, as we mentioned in the pre

his seat, and raising his hand as if to strike the wretch,

“ He was a man of very singular appearance. His · Villain ! and dost thou glory in thy wickedness! Hadst ding part of our narrative, had died on the morning long black hair, and thick mustachios, maited by the blood thou felt remorse, I could have left thee to the punishment

our arrival. This cell, like the rest which we had which issued from a large wound in his forehead, gave to of thy God, but, '—and he would have struck: death, sited, was a small square room of about nine feet. At him a peculiarly, wild appearance.. This, however, was however, had set his seal on the sufferer's cheek, and the ne end was a bed, or board, which served as such, on would have made such an impression on my mind; there

not all, for scarcely do I think that these circumstances judgment of Heaven mocked into silence the wrath of man. hich the victim of a misapplied devotion took the rest was also something fascinatingly fiendish (and the old scene which I witnessed. We returned to the convent :

« Such," continued the reverend narrator, " was the hich his tenets permitted him ; while at the other end man crossed himself as he spoke) in the glare of his clear Father Terino never afterwards left his cell. His mind Dod a table, on which were placed his desk, breviary, black eye.

had received a shock which overpowered it, and ere the ad crucifix. On this bed the now inanimate body of its “For sometime after we entered the room, and even fourth day had dawned, Father Terino was receiving, I assessor was lying, clad in all the insignia of woe. He when informed by our conductor of our arrival, he lay trust, the reward of his labours in that world, where the

apparently unconscious of our presence. Anxious to break fiend that had destroyed his earthly felicity, was enduring opeared to have been a man of above the common sta- the silence. I began to address him; my voice seemed to the pains of everlasting damnation.” te ; his countenance, though wasted by disease and rouse him from his lethargy; he started from his pillow,

FACT, ME IPSO TESTE,

The yet

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Whatever his prospects big

Poetry.

The voice has ceased, but on my heart

cannot be ascertained. The lesson deep imprest,

have been, he appears to have abandoned them, a Seems, though it pierce with scorpion dart, adopted the profession of an actor; and Kirkman og To soothe the wounded breast;

“that he not only acted himself every day, but also on And bidding vain regrets adieu,

every day a sheet.” His first play was published in a Seeking the better land to view;

year 1601, and of his talents and industry some idea a Hence will I still the rising sigh,

be foro.ed from the fact that he had an entire band, And chide the sorrowing tear;

at least a main tinger, in two hundred and twenty play

He translated several Latin and Italian works, whi
And oh, that mine, when mine to die,
Howe'er forgotten here ;

prove him to have been a good classical scholar; and! Oh, that I may remembered be,

poems, although not highly thought of in his day, as By Him who bled on Calvary!

good as any poetry of the time. Liverpool

G.

Besides his poems, plays, and translations, he publish several other works, the best of which is his Actors

dication, which displays great erudition. The date DAVID'S LAMENT FOR SAUL AND JONATHAN.

manner of his death are unrecorded. “The beauty of Israel is slain," &c. &c.—2 Kings, L 19, 20, &c.

SONG,

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LINES SUGGESTED BY ACCIDENTALLY TAKING UP

AN OLD NEWSPAPER.

Now what is love? I will thee tell :
It is the fountain and the well,
Where pleasure and repentance dwell;
It is, perhaps, the sansing bell,

That rings all into heaven or hell,
And this is love, and this is love, as I hear tell

.
Now what is love I will you show;
A thing that creeps and cannot go,
A prize that passeth to and fro,
A thing for me, a thing for mo,

And he that proves shall find it so;
And this is love, and this is love, sweet friend, 1 tror

SONG.

Tell me, brief chronicle of hope, and fear,

Of fête, and revel gay;
Tell me, thou herald of despair,

Of death, and battle-fray;
Thou, on whose long-forgotten breast
Seeins as primeval night did rest!
Tell me, where are the myriads now,

Thy darkened page that swell?
They on whose proudly-conscious brow

The laurel blossomed well;
Kings, heroes, statesmen; where are they?
Borne to what far off region, say?
Where is the tyrant conqueror now,

And what his vaunted might?
Bow, human greatness, lowly bow:

For glimmers on the sight
A nameless grave;-nor helm, or spear,
To tell Napoleon slumbers there!
Where now th' ascendant of the day,

The wooed, and envied, where!
Beauty, in dazzling array,

And Genlus,-speak,-declare,-
Where Genius, tow'ring and sublime;
And where, oh, where, the steep'd in crime!
Where are they now the marriage rite

Had bound, no more to sever?
Th' unconscious babe, in Heaven's sight

Vowed to its God for ever?
Ab, where are they ? and where, oh, where,
They on Death's scroll recorded here?
Where is the pageantry and show,

Admiring crowds that won?
The cavalcade announcing woe,

Ended, scarce yet begun,
Life's meteor race ;-youth in Its prime,
The doom'd of casualty or clime?
Where vanish'd all 1—peasant and king,

The lofty and the low?
Time has swept by, on noiseless wing,

And all the living know
Is but that erst such filled the scene,
And struggles, triumphs,-Buch have been !
Have been no more and this the lot

To all below decreed?
To dazzle, suffer,-be forgot

Oh, spirit-crushing creed I
Enough to mar the dreamer's rest,
And lower, for aye, Ambition's cresti
Come, I will fold thee up again,

For, as I lingering gaze
Upon thy sombre page, a strain,

* The voice of other days,"
Seems as if, borne upon the blast,
It whispered me, while hurrying past:
" And pleasure own'd, or ocean-tost,

From Joys, or anguish torn,
Ere long and thou, to Memory lost,

O'er Styx dark waters borne ;
Lre long, and such thy lot must be ;
Uve, then, but for eternity in

See, in high places of thy land,

Thy beauty, Israel ! slain;
Unstrung the bow, unnerv'd the hand,

The spear and shield are yain;
Low as the dust-cold as the stone,-
How are the mighty overthrown!
Publish it not in Askalon,

O tell it not in Gath,
How there each high and mighty one

Was scatter'd in Heaven's wrath;
Lest over us, with harp and voice,
The daughters of the foe rejoice.
Hills of Gilboa! you no more

May dews and rains make gay,
For there the shield the mighty bore

Was vilely cast away;
The shield of Saul,—the crown'd,- the famid,
Like his, the slave, who died unnam'd!
Once, from the battle's bloody van,

And from the mighty slain,
Thy sounding bow, oh, Jonathan!

Return'd not back in vain.
On hill, and plain, the sword of Saul
Stream'd with the richest blood of all
Pleasant and beautiful in life

Were they, and side by side,
Death, on the fatal field of strife,

Their hearts did not divide:
Swifter than eagles seek the prey,
And stronger than the lions, they.
Weep, daughters, weep! for Saul, whose throne

Deck'd you with spoils from far:
How are the mighty overthrown,

Amid the shock of war!
For thee my sorrows most o'erflow,
Oh, Jonathan, my brother, thou.
For very pleasant hast thou been

To me,-and far above
Measure and bound thy love was seen,

And more than woman's love!
How are the arms of battle strown!

How are the mighty overthrown!
Liverpool, June 16.

H. W.J.

Pack clouds away, and welcome day,

With night we banish sorrow: Sweet air blow soft, mount lark aloft,

To give my love good morrow: Wings from the wind to please her mind,

Notes from the lark I'll borrow; Bird prune thy wing, nightingale sing, To give my love good morrow.

To give my love good morrow,

Notes from them all I borrow,
Wake from thy nest robin red-breast,

Sing birds in every furrow;
And from each bill let music shrill,

Give my fair love good morrow.
Blackbird and thrush in every bush,

Stare, linnet, and cock-sparrow,
You pretty elves, amongst yourselves,
Sing my fair love good morrow.

To give my love good morrow,
Sing, birds, in every furrow.

SONG.

No. XVI.

The Spaniard loves his ancient slop,

The Lombard his Venetian,
And some like breechless women go,

The Russ, Turk, Jew, and Greeian; The thrifty Frenchman wears small waist,

The Dutch his belly boasteth, The Englishman is for them all,

And for each fashion coasteth. The Turk in linen wraps his head,

The Persian his in lawn too, The Russ with sables furs bis cap,

And change will not be drawn to: The Spaniard's constant to his block,

The French inconstant ever, But of all fells that can be felt,

Give me your English beaver.
The German loves his coney wool,

The Irishman his shag too;
The Welsh his Monmouth loves to wear,

And of the same will brag too.

SPECIMENS OF THE ELDER POETS.

BY PERCIVAL MELBOURNE.

THOMAS HEYWOOD.

The date of the birth of this poet is involved in obscu. rity, but he was a native of Lincolnshire, as appears from a poem addressed to his friend James Yorke. At a suitable age he became a Fellow of Peter's House, Cambridge, but how long he remained there, or what progress he wade,

Some love the rough, and some the smooth; Owing to the day being communion Sabbath, and the burgh architect, and that architect's reporting in the offir. Some great and others small things;

Rev. Edward Irving having been engaged to preach on mative. But, oh your lecherous Englishman,

the occasion, the parish church was excessively crowded On the afternoon of Monday, the Rev. Edward Irving He loves to deal in all things.

for the evening service, which was to commence at six was extremely desirous of, and intent upon, preaching in

o'clock. When the tolling of the bell had ceased, but the churchyard, where there were several graves yawning The Russ drinks quass; Dutch, Lubeck beer,

before the reverend gentleman made his appearance, the to receive the victims of the accident-among others, one, And that is strong and mighty;

beams and flooring of the north gallery gave way, and, which peculiarly fixed our attention, destined to receive the

along with the persons in it, descended upon those beneath. bodies of the three sisters, Misses Matheson, and a young The Briton he metheglin quaffs,

The crash, and the cloud of dust, and shrieks which ensued, woman who was connected with them in business, but the The Irish aqua vitæ ;

were indescribably appalling. In the height of their con- magistrates very properly prohibited the exhibition. The French affects the Orleans grape,

sternation, the persons occupying the south gallery rushed When a calamity of this kind occurs, ail angry and The Spaniard tastes his sherry,

down stairs; and in the south passage the mass of them controversial feelings ought to be stilled by its awfulness; The English none of these can 'scape,

became so dense, and swelled so much beyond the capa. but, at the same time, there is any thing but reason in

ciousness of the place, as to force in the partition wall suppressing reflections which it may happen to give rise But he with all makes merry.

which divides the staircase from the passage. A number to. To do so would be to deprive, in a great measure, caThe Italian in her high chopine,

(particularly females) before descending the staircase lamity of ils sanctity-of its only usefulness of that which Scotch lass, and lovely Frow, too;

altogether, escaped through the windows, the glazing of alone can compensate for and mitigate its bitterness. In

which is almost entirely destroyed. In the passage, how. bigoted times, when there were antagonist religious The Spanish Donna, French Madam,

ever, many were trodden down; and it was here that the parties, it was invariably the case that the one construed He will not fear to go to;

greatest number of deaths occurred. Of the whole num. almost every calamity that occurred into a divine judgment Nothing so full of hazard dread,

ber of victims (twenty-nine) only four perished on the north upon the other. The practice still survives with a partiNought lives above the centre,

side of the church. The lifeless bodies, which were after- cular party; and but very lately one of that party, an exNo fashion, health, no wine, no wench,

wards removed from the south passage, had become black cellently intentioned, and truly pious, and talented man,

in the face, the consequence of suffocation. It is a remark- published a pamphlet, to prove that the great fires which On which he dares not venture.

able circumstance, that, among all the deaths, there were devastated Edinburgh in 1824, were a divine judgment

only two cases of fracture, and these any thing but fatal. upon its citizens for patronising the Musical Festival! Is DOGGEREL EPISTLE,

Though the north gallery fell with such force as to shatter this more tremendous accident at Kirkaldy, then, also to SPLY TO THE LETTER OF E. S. W. IN THE LAST KALEIDOSCOPE; some of the pews beneath, the fall, it is believed, was the be construed into a divine judgment ? and,' if so, for what ressed to a young Student mightly smitten with the Muses, immediate cause of the death of only two, Mrs. Beveridge has it been inficted? We have always believed, with the

and David Lawson, the former of whom was rendered a best of our divines, that there is, for the wisest of purposes, and somewhat addicted to the sin of Punning.

corpse in a moment, by being struck by one of the joists, an impenetrability by human wisdom into the designs of

while her two blind and twin sons, who were seated beside Providence, in many of its dispensations ; but there are DEAR NEPHEW,

her, escaped unhurt. One man was seen, after the fall, some who, scarcely knowing their own minds, impudently I receiv'd your letter,

standing in a part of the gallery which remained, and (as and impiously pretend to a thorough knowledge of the For which I'm very much your debtor ;

it fascinated by the horror of the scene) to leap down into mind of the Deity, and to fathom it with the utmost cerYou wrote in doggerels, I suppose,

the area, where he fell prostrate, but, springing to his feet, tainty; and to them we, in a spirit of charity which, we Because you are averse to prose ;

he again fell and expired, some inarticulate expression fear, they cannot comprehend, would suggest that, in con

hanging, at the time, on his lips. The casualties, besides struing what, in common parlance, are called accidents, Or, perhaps, to prove that folks sometimes

deaths, are so numerous that they cannot well be reckoned into divine judgments, they are playing with a two-edged Possess the art to prose in rhymes.

up. They who (instead of remaining seated, as many did) weapon. If what we have heard said is true, that the Rev. However, I must say your Latin

escaped from the crush, appeared in the open air, partially, Edward Irving pronounced the downfal of the Brunswick Quolations did come very pat in ;

and some almost wholly, divested of their clothes. Next Theatre to be a divine judgment upon dramatic repreBut pardon me, my mind I'll speak,

day, in the Town-ball, (where a magistrate sat to restore sentations, what will he say of this awful catastrophe hap

articles which were lost on the occasion to their proper pening in a place appointed exclusively for the worship of What do you hope from Latin, Greek,

owners) we were struck with the immense quantity of hats, the Almighty ? Or from those crabbed Hebrew roots ?

bonnets, shawls, veils, combs, bibles, psalm-books, &c. You'll find them yield but sorry fruits.

which were displayed in the place : they presented a vivid Why over metaphysics pore ? image of the disaster, in its nature and extent.

The Beauties of Chess. Bacon you'll find is but a bore.

[Here follows the melancholy list of the sufferers, which

we shall omit.) On Locke ne'er waste your time and health,

Ludimus effigiem belli."-VIDA. The calamity we have so faintly decribed, ought not to That Locke is not the key to wealth ;

be imputed to the immense crowd, for every gallery ought As for those said Parnassian maids, to be capable of supporting fully as many as by any possi.

SOLUTION TO STUDY CLXXXVI. Yelept the Muses, they are jades,

bility can be packed into it, but to the general insufficiency

of the church, which was built only about twenty years ago. i Queen ......F-7X Who jilt their vot’ries without pity,

1 King......... H-8 And bere, we cannot but reflect upon that rapaciousness 2 Bishop Then cut them with a sorry ditty :

......F-6X

2 Queen .....F-6 of profit, which, insensible to all correct principle, and 8 Queen .F-6X 3 King .........6-8 Like syrens to Ulysses strumming, remote as are the poles asunder from all humane feeling, 4 Queen ......H-6

4 King.........H_8 Their practice ever has been humming :

distinguishes modern times. The joists of the gallery ap. 5 Pawn.........G-6 5 King G-8 Then fly them, Sam,-ne'er look behind,

peared to us to have been inserted scarcely more than an 6 Bishop ......F-7X 6 King.........H-8 “ Respice finem" bear in mind.

inch in the walls; and throughout the whole frame of it 7 Pawn.........G-7X MATE.

there was not a single iron bolt. It is very evident to us, I hinted to your good friend D-b-y,

at least, that the joists had been bent at their centre by the My fears that Pegasus, your hobby, pressure upon them; and that, in consequence, their ex

White to move and win. Will throw you, as he has thrown many,

tremities resting in the wall had come out, and, as a farther Then kick your brains out, if you've any.

consequence, their opposite extremities resting in a large
beam which supported them as well as the front of the

Black.
Rather than tempt Parnassus' steep,
"Twere better far turn chimney-sweep;

gallery (which beam and front are still standing) had come

out, in like manner. It is a remarkable circumstance that To cry “ Soot O!” would suit you better, the rests of the joists in that beam do not appear to be in.

V g 3 al HH Than Latin, Greek, or the belles lettres.

jured in a single fibre of the wood, and the rests in the A tinker's life is far more toler.

walls, if we except part of the lath and plaster, are as little Able than that of a poor scholar;

injured. There has all along been entertained, by many

of the Kirkaldy people, a strong sense of the insufficiency Then Horace quit-put Homer by

of this church; and we know some who, on the day in Learning, friend Sam, is all my eye

question, reluctantly absented themselves from it, from a And Betty Martin.-So good bye.

conviction of its insecurity, in the case of its being crowded. iverpool.

The great majority of deaths has justly been ascribed to
the impetuous rush of people from the south gallery; but

it is very questionable whether, had not that rush taken EADFUL ACCIDENT, AND GREAT LOSS OF LIFE, place, the calamity would not have been still greater. AT KIRKALDY.

Before the rush took place, a cracking in the joists of the

south gallery was very distinctly heard ; and there is a (From the Edinburgh Weekly Chronicle of June 18.) considerable rent in the lath and plaster work of the under

part of it, which took place on the occasion, between the a Sunday last, one of those calamities which, from their front supporting the beam and the flooring. nitude, seem designed by Providence to rouse people The history of this church, which was designed to con.

their babitual lethargy, to reflection upon the uncer- tain 1800 people, is very brief. A Mr. Alexander Macfar. tenure by which they hold their lives, occurred at lane contracted for the building of it; and he having becaldy. As soon as the intelligence of it reached us, we come bankrupt, a litigation arose between the heritors and

A B C D E F G H ired to the spot, and consumed a day in collecting Mr. Macfarlane's creditors as to its sufficiency; which 1 authentic quarters the whole of its particulars. ended in that question of fact being remitted to an Edin

WHITE

WHITE.

BLACK.

SITUATION FOR STUDY CLXXXVII.

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