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When cares hang heavy on my heart,
What is it bids them quick depart'
As the warm sunbeam drinks the dew
That sparkles on the flow'ret blue;
And when my brow is clouded o'er,
When friendship's voice can charm no more,
What is it then can solace me?

That heaven on earth-8 smile from thee! Manchester.




The other day a gentleman delivered to us the folla whimsical letter from a very young literary devel our acquaintance, of whom we may say, in the last of some rhymer, whose name we have forgotten,

Besides, you know he's none of those
Who condescend to write in prose.

The Sabbath bells are chiming

From many a house of prayer,
And o'er the hill-top climbing,

The sun is shining fair;
And dreamings of a better world,
"The beautiful," whose gates are gold;

Bright visions of the spirits' rest,

Sweep o'er the deeply-conscious breast !
The Sabbath bells are ringing,

And, borne upon the breeze,
Are countless voices singing

Glad anthems, loud, of praise;
And, wasted on the wings of faith,
Far from this dark and grovelling earth,

Seems as if this were hallowed ground,

So sacred the repose around !
The Sabbath bells' sweet melody,

Oh, how I love to hear!
It breathes but of things heavenly,

of God, and angels fair ;
And lovelier seems the rose to blow,
The winding waters softer flow;

And fairer smiles the ether blue,

Till heaven, well nigh, is given to view !
The Sabbath bells are ringing;

And I love their voice to hear,
For then no longer clinging

To this earth with coward fear,
The spirit, heedless of its yoke,
Seems as its mortal fetters broke ;

Already past were Jordan's stream,

Already past life's fitful dream!
The Sabbath bells are ringing,

And their chimes to me are dear,
For they tell the spirit springing

From its dusky confines here,
How sweeter than the Sabbath bell
Shall heaven's majestic chorus swell,

When the archangel's trump sublime,

Sball, echoing, peal the knell of Time! Liverpool.

And the secrets of the sky
Open'd to thy close-shut eye?
Whatsoe'er its theme may be,
Such a dream £ge may not see.
Now is burst sleep's flow'ry thrall,
Thou art mirth and frolic all;
And the less than half-formed word,
Flowing from thy lips is heard;
And thy giddy laughter tells
of the joy that with thee dwells,
As thou, careless, ramblest o'er
With unpractis'd steps, the floor.
Thou may'st yet, fair child, possess
Richer share of loveliness,
Form more graceful, riper bloom,
In the days thou hast to come;
And the treasures of thy mind
May, by years, be more refin'd;
But thou ne'er wilt meet with bliss
Unalloy'd with woe as this.
When life's summer hours are thine,
Sober autumn's will be mine;
When thy summer's past away,
I shall be in life's decay;
When thy autumn, too, is past,
I may then have look'd my last.
Ne'er akin in life our lot-
Thou wilt live, I be forgot,
Or remember'd but by those
Who must soon seek like repose;
Thou must, too, seek that dark bourne,
To thy native earth return;
Then, alike, our state shall be,
Death will deal equality.
That same sound which thee doth wake,
My repose will also break.
A mother's care now guides thee on,
Tells thee what to court or shun;
When she no more is by thy side,
Look to virtue as thy guide;
Thus thy course, let virtue shield,
Ever to her precepts yield,
Thou may'st then look on the tomb,
Nor quail to meet its chilling gloom:
Virtue quits its earthly night,

To live in day of heavenly light.



The bearer, Dr. D.
(You'll wonder at my rhymes, and stare, too,
But verse, you know, is quite a hobby,

A cacoethes " flesh is heir to;"
The Muses will be, to the end,

The same insinuating wencbes,)
The bearer is, I say, a friend,

And relative of Mr. F.
Perhaps you'll ask-What object is it
That brings the Doctor on this visit,
And makes him, fearless, tempt the brink?
Sir, he's a Doctor Medicinæ ;
He's tir'd of all his Glasgow friends,
So, visiting your town, intends,
If all seems promising and fair,
To follow his profession there.
Were I myself there, then, 'tis true,
I'd like to see my friend there too;
I'd give him hearty welcome; nay,
To make it worth his while to stay,
I'd let him bleed me twice a day!
But as I'm here, why, then, you know,
I'm rather loth to let him go.
I fear, in Liverpool he'll find,
Friends, good as those he leaves behind ;
I'm sure I hope he reont, for then,

We ne'er shall get him back again.
Let's caution you, dear Uncle, (since

This is the nature of the case,)
'Gainst any serviceable hints,

Which, from your knowledge of the place,
But for the caution I request,
You'd be so likely to suggest.

“Scribe tui gregis hunc, et fortem crede bord Glasgow, Sunday, June 1, 1828.

• It is unlucky that grammar and rhyme are bere cileable; but we admire the spirit of the author, vbi stolen "a grace beyond the reach of art. The predicted in which he was placed reminds us of that of the party was engaged to write an epitaph, on these prescribed ditions:-It was to consist of only two lines, one of was to conclude with the word pity. However, he felt young friend) was a bold genius, and he accomplished task, thus:

Here lies, and more's the pity,

The body of Nicholas Newcity. .N.B. His name was New-town ; but it would not chy724 Edit. Kal.


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Artless little cherub fair,
With thy twining flaxen hair,
And thy eye so skyey bright,
And thy teeth so snowy white;
Ever be chine open brow
Free from grief and care as now;
May thy future ever be
Pure as this thine infancy.
Nestled in thy mother's breast,
Oh, how placid is thy rest:
What is it doth now begulle
Thy witching features to a smile?
It must be a vision sweet,
That thy dreamy gaze doth greet.
Are thy waking gambols blent
With thy slumber, Innocent?
or are things from man conceal'd,
To shy guleleas mind revealed;

One smile from thee! at morning's dawn,
When feather'd songsters, on the lawn,
Their wild notes warble to the sky,
Making sweet sounds of minstrelsy;
When earth is glad, and hill and glen
Look smilingly on care-worn men;-
What can be dearerunto me
Than, this bright hour-one smile from thee?
One smile from thee! when the gay sun
His glittering radiant course hath run;
And in the purple-tinged west,
He slowly sinks awhile to rest :
Oh, what can make the glorious scene
Assume a brighter, lovelier sheen,
As the red beams fade o'er the sea ?
One glowing, witching smile from thee!
One smile from thee! at midnight's noon,
When to the world the cloudless moon
Her softening silver light bestows,
When my fond breast with passion glows;
It is my greatest earthly pride
To feel thee clinging to my side,
For oh, what is the scene to me,
TW brighten'd by a smile from thee?

A solar microscope is prepared for exhibition at Hai ford, which is said to possess a magnifying power 3,000,000, which may be raised to 4,000,000 if the noot sufficiently large and the light strong. By its asztal the white mealy particles on the surface of figi spielen living objects of two and a half feet in length ; these and hundreds of snakes, of the enormous extent of the of the common honey bee appears fourteen feet in lengti six to eight feet, may be discovered in two drops of vitezka

- American paper.

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...... H-6


I moves, he recovers his pawn, as the author demon. who may wish to enter them for the Races, and will give prevents the jacket from slipping upwards, and it keeps the


To Boats' Crews, and especially those of Life Boats, these .

Cunningham gives the victory to the white; but Phi.
lidor, with more reason, thinks the black should win. Marine Preservers would be most invaluable, as they serve

nor , Errata in the former portion of this article, published If, however, the white, on castling, instead of placing est degree, prevent the wearer from using the oars ; whilst, t}ze last Kaleidoscope. In the third column of the front the king at G 1, should castle with the king at H 1, by inspiring confidence, they may be the means of inducing e, in the seventh line from the bottom. A 6, and also according to the Italian method, in the latter case I should seamen to venture where it would be unsafe, or futal, to go the fourth line from the bottom, ought to have been rather agree with Cunningham; from which it follows, without them. 5. Our chess readers perhaps will take the pains to that the king's gambit might be played, in case the ad.

They may be had either lined or padded, and so made as to ake the necessary correction with a pen. versary made use of this defence; but not having always adjust themselves to persons of all sizes.

Persons in the country, who are desirous of becoming pur PHILIDOR NOT INFALLIBLE.

this security, I subscribe to the opinion of the celebrated chasers, are requested to state about their weight, and their (Concluded from our last.)

Philip Stamma, of Aleppo, who thinks that every one stature and bulk.

should abstain from playing it, being, of itself, disastrous, The prices of the Preservers vary from Eighteen Shillings * Whoe'er expects a faultless piece to see, except when you have the good fortune to meet with a

to One Pound and Twenty-five Shillings, according to their

finish; and any person remitting the money (post paid) may Seeks what nor is, nor was, nor e'er shall be." player who is a player only in name.

have one of the most complete description forwarded to his At the fifth game, he plays the king's gambit, making bit with its defence. It is similar to mine in the first and At the ninth, and last game, he gives the queen's gam- address.

An allowance made for a wholesale order, or for exportaemark in a note under the letter L, that " cette partie essential moves ; differing, however, as it proceeds, in a

tion, ! voir qu'un gambit bien attaqué, et bien defendu, n'est

E. Smith and Co. pledge themselves to return the purchasefew immaterial points. rais une partie decisive de coté ni d'autre.So the

money, if these Marine Preservers do not answer the dercrip

By what has been hitherto said, you will observe that tion they have here given of them. hor reasons, supposing that he who plays the gambit

It is presumed that these Marine Preservers would sell very pwers the pawn which is given ; but as this supposition the greater part of those maxims, which Philidor approves not hold good, even upon his own defence, we may

or condemns in the opening games, fail in their pretended well abroad.
success; and I should consider myself wanting in that sin-

Had the Passengers and Crew of the Alert Packet been furnished eat with the poet,

with these Preservers, not one of them would have perished. cerity, which I owe to my own character, if I should re. Gambitto à giuocator farsi non lice."

Orders received through the agents for the Kaleidoscope. commend you to follow his advice,-the fallacy of which The following are the moves given by Philidor :

I have slightly touched upon, knowing that your quick DIRECTIONS FOR PUTTING ON THE IMPROVED MARINE LIFE 1 Pawn ......E-4

1 Pawn ......... E-5

discernment requires only a hint to perceive them. Give 2 Pawn ......

The particular attention of those who use the Marine Life F 2 Pawn .........F-4

me, among other commands, new proofs of your friend- Preserver is requested to the following directions:-Although s Knight .F-3

3 Pawn.........G-5 ship, and it will always be my endeavour to show myself they may be worn on the naked body, it is preferable to use 4 Bishop ......C-4 4 Bishop ......6-7 your

an under-waistcoat of flannel, or some other substance; the 5 Pawn H-4 5 Pawn

thicker the better. This, besides keeping the body warmer 6 Pawn D

6 Pawn.........

than when naked, serves to prevent the cross-belt from 7 Pawn ......C-3

7 Pawn .........

ON the 18th July next, Prizes will be given for SAIL. chafing the wearer in swimming. A strong pair of drawers, 8 Queen ......E-2

ING and ROWING MATCHES, by a few Gentlemen with a loop (2, 3) on each side, just above the hips, is partieuThese moves are correct: the great mistake consists in who have entered into a Subscription for that object; and larly recommended. A strong piece of tape, or apron-string,

should be fastened to each of these loops; and when the jacket coming move of the black, who plays the bishop to leave their Names and Subscriptions with the Editors of any ed, allowing the white to push his pawn to G 3, and of the liverpool Newspapers, who have books open for the is worn, these tapes should be put through the two staples,

purpose, or with the Secretary, Lieutenant Watson, at Sea- the jacket drawn down, and the drawers up, as close as posreby break up the game in such a manner, that, in a combe, who will receive the applications of Owners of Boatssible. This is found to be of the greatest importance, as it

as to the regulations to be ates; but if the black, instead of playing the bishop to It is hoped that the Gentlemen of Liverpool and the oppo-collar down in the water, and consequently elevates the

site shore of Cheshire will patronise this novel amusement wearer higher in floating. 4, were to play his queen to E 7, the white could

on the river Mersey by any Subscriptions, however small, as jer regain his pawn; for, if he should play his pawn to the value of the Prizes and general success of the whole de simple as to require little or no direction, as a bare inspection

The mode of putting on this Marine Life Preserver is so 3, the black pushes his pawn to G 4; and, upon the pend greatly upon the sum that may be thus collected.

of the figure will enable almost any person to understand it. **ite re-moving, as his best move, the attacked knight


The head is put through the aperture the canvas, and the e black) will advance the gambit pawn to F 3, always for immediate use, at 6s.6d. per

dozen.-A reduction on 5 doz. 500 Dozen LONDON PORTER, in Prime Order, upper part of the Cork Collar brought in front, nearly in con

tact with the chin. The strap (1) should be buckled as tightly naining with a pawn more, as he would were his adver

As also Fine Sparkling CHAMPAIGNE, at 72s. per dozen.

as the wearer can bear it, as this keeps the jacket from slip

A few Cases of Old HOCK. y to attempt any other method of attack; with which

With a variety of WINES and SPIRITS, on equally Mo- ping up, and also keeps the body warm. 'Any person who Pantage, I affirm, that, with careful play, he must win. derate terms.

prefers it may line the canvas with flannel; and if the strap At the sixth game he gives another gambit, in which

A single Bottle sold as a Sample.

should be found too hard, it might also be lined. Botlles to be returned or paid for.

A jacket or spencer may be worn over the flannel under: white, at the third move, instead of playing the knight Apply at No. 8, Manesty-lane.

waistcoat, and a pair of breeches over the drawers, if the * F 3, plays the bishop to C 4. No player can possibly be

IMPORTANT TO PERSONS GOING TO SEA, wearer pleases. They will keep him warmer; and the Prersuaded that such a gambit can be good, and much less

PASSENGERS IN STEAM-BOATS, &c., AND TO PER- server will buoy him up with any quantity of clothes on, and a it be understood why the author puts a defence in the


his shoes or boots, if there should not be time to take them

oft. nds of the black which allows the white to win, when

It is of such consequence to fasten down the jacket to the is game, according to him, is not decisive. The defence

breeches or drawers, that the suggestion is liere repeated. sich is given by Salvio, at the twenty-second chapter of


MARINE i fourth book, will give you rather more solid informa

Tide Table. At the seventh game he gives a third gambit, in which


PRESERVERS, Days. Jorn. Even. Height. Festivals, &c. e defending player does not take the offered pawn ; upon

h. m. h. m. ft. in. bich I shall say nothing, as it would be trouble without

Tuesday ..17) 1 47 2

7 St. Alban. struction.

2 3

Wednesday18 2 24 2 42 13
3 4' 3 13

[the West Saxons. At the eighth game he gives a fourth gambit, known by Warranted to support the wearer in the water, either naked Friday ....20 58 4 15 12 3 Tran. of Edward, King of le name of Cunningham, the moves of which, on account

or with his clothes on, and with a considerable weight Saturday..21 4 44 5 14 11
of money, or other articles in his pockets.

Sunday....22 5 49 6 25 11 10 30 Sunday after Trinity. their brilliancy, I deem worthy of your attention.

Monday .23 7 0 7 34 12 3


Tuesday ..241 8 6 8 34 13 3 Nat. of St. John Baptist. 1 Pawn ......E1 Pawn

Have on Sale, at their GENERAL PRINTING OFFICE, Lord2 Pawn......... F 2 Pawn .........F-4 street, Liverpool,

METEOROLOGICAL DIARY. 3 Knight P-3 3 Bishop ......E-7


[From the Liverpool Courier.] 5 Pawn ......G_3

5 Pawn
These Preservery may be put on as readily as an ordinary

Extreme, Tbermus Extreme State of
6 Castles with King
6 Pawn ...... H_2X

during waistcoat, and they will sustain the wearer in the water, with

morning ring Day. at doon. to G-1, and

7 King ......... H-1 Castle to the head and shoulders above the surface, without the slight

June est exertion on his part, They will defend the body from according to the

4 29 50 52 0 57 0 61


Showery. external bruises, and keep the wearer much warmer than

0 'W.N.W. Rain. custom of those countries. + he would be without them. They form no impediment to

29 68

0 NW. Fair. The Italian players allow a latitude in castling which is the swimmer; and any person may readily learn to swim by


0,W.N.W. Cloudy.' their means. not suffered in England or France.

Rain. 30 27


0 W.N.W. Fair. † This method of castling is not commendable, as it is To persons wrecked at sea, they will be of the utmost im. 10

30 27

0 W.

Rain. merely defensive; it is termed castling in the Calabrese man. portance, as it is not necessary to take off any part of the

4th, One, p.m. hail storm. The above is, however, the only method which is per- wearing apparel; and the wearer may thus not only pres

6th, Heavy rain during night. mitted by the English or French players. his clothes, but also any money he may be possessed of.

7th, Very stormy during night.

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Scientific Notices.

belonged. The nature of the pitch of sounds was first until between eleven and twelve o'clock. Mrs. Was

explained, and stated to be the quality by which musical ton retired about the usual family hour, but becer Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve sounds are distinguished from mere noise. The credit of alarmed at not hearing the accustomed sound d ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sin- the first philosophical account of this quality was attri. library door, as it closed for the night, and gave a gular Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanical, Pbi, buted to Gallileo, who proved that it depended altogether for rest in the well-regulated mansion, she arose a losophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mineralogical upon the number of impulses in a given time. An ex. and continued sitting up, in much anxiety and sus Phenomena, or singular Facts in Natural History, periment by that philosopher, apparently forgotten in At length the well known step was heard on the stair

, Vegetation, &c.; Antiquities, &c.

modern times, but described in his Dialogues, was re- upon the General's entering his chamber, the lads li

peated. It consisted in drawing the point of a blade over chided him for remaining up so late, knowing him RED RAIN,

a metal plate so as to produce sound, and counting or be unwell; to whom Washington made this memo

comparing the dots, which are always produced upon the reply :-" I came as soon as my business was e The following narrative seems curious and important tions necessary to the pitch of sound produced.

plates, and which are the records of the number of vibra- plished. You know well, that, through a long life, in connexion with the various accounts of red rain. It

been my unwearied rule never to put off till the morra is extracted from Gassendi's Life of Peiresc, p. 110-113: wheel were made to beat against a card, was repeated, and

Hook's experiment, in which the teeth of a revolving duties which should be performed to-day."Through the whole of this year (1608) nothing gave the pitch of sound shown to correspond with the number mighty labours at last sought repose; but it came it

Having first covered up the fire with care, the si M. Peiresc" greater pleasure than his observations upon of impulses in a given time. An extension of this experi- had long been wont to do, to comfort and restore, at the bloody rain, said to have fallen about the beginning ment, by Mr. Wheatstone, was also described, in which many and earnest occupations of the well-spent day. of July. Large drops were seen in Paris itself, both upon the harmonics of a stretched string were produced by night was passed in feverish restlessness and pain. the walls of the cemetery of the greater church, which is holding it against the wheel; the string producing sound nature's sweet restorer, balmy sleep," was destined me near the walls of the city, and upon the walls of the city, whenever the velocity of the wheel was such that the im- to visit his couch ; yet the manly sufferer uttered no and likewise upon the walls of villas, hamlets, and towns, pulses of the teeth corresponded in frequency with the plaint, would permit no one to be disturbed in thai for some miles round the city. In the first place, M vibrations of the string or of any of its aliquot parts. Peiresc went to examine the drops themselves, with which

on his account, and it was only at day-break he woul

Robison's mode of producing musical sounds by air sent that the overseer might be called in and bleedin the stones were reddened, and spared no pains to obtain passing through a stop-cock rapidly revolving, was then sorted to. A vein was opened, but without affording the means of conversing with some husbandmen beyond explained and illustrated, afterwards, Cagniard de la Couriers were despatched to summon Dr. Craik, Lambesc, who were reported to have been so astonished Tour's syren was set in action; and from these were drawn mily, and Drs. Dick and Brown,

as consulting phys at the shower as to leave their labour and fly for safety the explanation of the principles of two new musical all of whom came with speed. The proper remedia into the neighbouring houses. This story he ascertained instruments from Germany, the Munt-harmonica and the administered, but without producing their healing e to be without foundation. To the explanation offered by Acol-harmonica. the philosophers, who said that the rain might have come

while the patient, yielding to the anxious looks

around him, waved his usual objection to medicins, from vapours, which had been raised out of red earth, he objected that evaporated fluids do not retain their former


took those which were prescribed, without hesitsi hues, as is plainly exemplified in the colourless water

remark. The medical gentlemen spared not their distilled from red roses. Nor was he better satisfied with To Jane B. Lowrey, wife of T. S. Lowrey, of Exeter, and all the resources of their art were exhausted i theologians, who maintained that the appearance was prc- nets. ---Dated the 25th of March, 1828.6 months allowed weather became severely cold, while the group er the opinion of the vulgar, countenanced by some of the for her improvements in the manufacture of hats and bon wearied endeavours to preserve this noblest work of aut

Night approached the last night of Washington duced by demons, or witches, shedding the blood of inno- to enrol specification. cent babes. This he thought was a mere conjecture, To E. Cowper, of Clapham-road Place, Lambeth, for nearer the couch of the sufferer, watching, with is scarcely reconcileable with the goodness and providence improvements in cutting paper.—26th March.-6 months anxiety, for the slightest dawning of hope. He spel of God. In the meantime, an accident happened, which

To F de Fourville, of Piccadilly, for improvements on old family servant, as she smoothed down his place discovered to him, as be thought, the true cause of the filtering apparatus.--26th March.—6 months. phenomenon. He had found, some months before, a To T. Lawes, of the Strand, for

an improved thread to he felt himself, he answered, " I am very ill." I chrysalis of a remarkable size and form, which he inclosed be used in the manufacture of bobbin-net lace.-29.h of Craik, his earliest companion in arms, longest tried in a box. He thought no more of it, until, bearing a March.-6 months.

bosom friend, he observed, “I am dying, Sir

, bute buzz within the box, he opened it, and perceived that the To H. Marriott, of Fleet-street, and Augustus Siebe, afraid to die.” To Mrs. Washington, he said, " chrysalis had been changed into a most beautiful butter- of Princes-street, Leicester-square, for certain improve my escritoir, and in the private drawer you will f: fy, which immediately few away, leaving, at the bottom ments in hydraulic machines. -29th March.—6 months.

papers ; bring them to me." They were broogtá of the box, a red drop of the size of a shilling. As this To Peter Taylor, of Hollinwood, Lancaster, for certain continued, " These are my wills; preserve this happened about the time when the shower was supposed improvements in machinery for hackling, dressing, or to Colonel Lear, he directed" Let my corpse be by to have fallen, and when a vast multitude of those insects combing flax, hemp, &c.—29th of March. 6 months. was observed fluttering through the air in every direction, To John Davis, of Leman-street, Goodman's fields, for the usual period of three days.” he concluded that the drops in question were some kind an improvement (communicated from abroad) in boiling tude, and perfect resignation to the Divine will;

The patient bore his acute sufferings with maalr of excrementitious matter emitted by them, when they or evaporating solutions of sugar and other liquids.-29th the night advanced, it became evident that he was alighted upon the walls. He, therefore, examined the of March.-6 months. drops again, and remarked, that they were not upon the To C. Harsleben, of New Ormond-street, Esq., for im- and he seemed fully aware that his hour was niet upper surfaces of stones and buildings, as they would have provements in machinery to be used in navigation and the inquired the time, and

it was answered, a few med been if a shower of blood had fallen from the sky, but propelling of ships.-3d of April.-6 months.

twelve. He spake no more; the hand of death a rather in cavities and holes, where insects might nestle. To S. W. Wright, of Webber-street, Lambeth, engineer, him, and he was conscious that his hour was or Besides this, he took notice that they were to be seen upon for improvements in the construction of wheel carriages.posing his form at length, and folding his hands are the walls of those houses only which were near the fields, 15th of April.–6 months. and not upon the more elevated parts of them, but only To J. G. Ulrich, of Cornhill, for his improvements on bosom, without a sigh, without a groan, the fathed up to the same moderate height at which the butterflies chronometers.—19th of April.-6 months.

country expired, gently as though an infant died were accustomed to flutter. In this way he explained the

pain nor struggle told when the noble spirit took in de story told by Gregory, of Tours, of a bloody shower seen

less flight; while, so tranquil appeared the manli at Paris in the time of Childebert, at different places, and


in the repose of death, that some moments had po upon a house in the vicinity of Senlis; and another said

those around could believe that the patriarch was to have fallen in the time of King Robert, about the end

Such were the last hours of Washington.

THE LAST HOURS OF WASHINGTON. of June, the drops of which could not be washed out by means of water, when they had fallen upon fesh, gar (From Curtis's Recollections and Private Memoirs of the Life SIR WILLIAM WALLACE AND THE RED ROVEI ments, or stones, but might be washed out from wood;

and Character of Washington.) for the time here stated was the season for the butterflies;

During the brief career of the celebrated patrick and he showed that no water could wash out these red Twenty-eight years have passed away since an interest: William Wallace, and when his arms had, for a tisk marks from stones. After

discussing these and similar ing group were assembled in the death-room, and witnessed pelled the English invaders from his native cousit arguments in the presence of much company at the house the last hours of Washington. So keen and unsparing said to have undertaken a voyage to France, with of his friend Varius, they determined to inspect the hath been the scythe of time, that of all those who watched band of trusty

friends, to try what his presence (or appearance together, and, as they wandered through the over the patriarch's couch, on the 13th and 14th of respected through all countries for his profess) fields, they saw many drops upon stones and rocks, but December, 1799, but a single personage survives. to induce the French monarch to send to Scotland only in hollows or upon sloping surfaces, and not upon On the morning of the 13th, the General was engaged of auxiliary forces, or other assistance, to aid 18 those which were presented to the sky."'_The butterfy in making some improvements in front of Mount Vernon. regaining their independence. The Scottislecharger observed by Peiresc was probably the Papilio C. album, As was usual with him, he carried his own compass, on board a small vessel, and stecting for the post of Dia or common butterfly. It has been observed to deposit the noted his observations, and marked out the ground. The when a sail appeared in the distance, which the full same red fluid in England. day became rainy, with sleet, and the improver reinained regarded

with doubt and apprehension, and at la PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF considerably wetted before his return to the house. About was the

cause of their alarm. The captain of the stage so long exposed to the inclemency of the weather, as to be confusion and dismay. Wallace demanded to koore GREAT BRITAIN.- MUSICAL SOUNDS. one o'clock'he was seized with chillness and nausea, but formed him, that the tall vessel which was bearing On May 9, Mr. Faraday gave a lecture on the produc- work, there being no moment of his time for which he was the ship of a celebrated rover, equally famed lid tion of musical sound, with an explication of the principles had not provided an appropriate employment. his information to be derived altogether from me. Wheat- plained of slight indisposition, and, after a single cup of ville, a Frenchman by birth, but by practice ose

At night, on joining his

family circle, the General com- commanded by a gentleman named Thanas de Lyon stone, to whom, of course, the new facts brought forward tea, repaired. So his library, where he remained writing | pirates who call themselves friends

to the ses, and castel

all who sailed upon that element. He attacked and sident of the result of my inquiry, and, a few weeks ago, substituted, both there and at other places, silver cupe andered vessels of all nations, like one of the ancient received a letter from Mr. Clay, asking of me to complete or bowls, of the value of £100, for the royal gift of the brse Sea-kings, as they were termed, whose dominion the agency, and to send Prince on to Washington city; ancient bells. William III., though not fond of the turf, s upon the mountain waves. The master added, that for which purpose I was authorized to draw for a sum of paid much attention to the breed of horses for martial Fessel could escape the rover by flight, so speedy was money necessary to defray the expenses of his journey, purposes, and in his reign some of the most celebrated , bark he commanded ; and that no crew, however and to clothe him, if necessary. But the poor old man, stallions were imported. George, Prince of Denmark, rdy, could hope to resist him, when, as was his usual when the news was communicated to him that he was to obtained from his royal consort, Queen Anne, grants of de of combat, he threw himself on board at the head of be free, and return to his country, where he is, no doubt, royal plates for severid places. In the latter end of the followers. Wallace smiled sternly, while the master a lawful King, (of a country called Fimboo,) he looked at reign of George I. the change of the royal plates into the ship, with alarm in his countenance, and tears in the old companion of his slavery, the mother of his nine purses of a hundred guineas took place. In the time of eyes, described to him the certainty of their being cap- children, he could not agree to part with her. She, too- George II. there were many capital thorough-bred horses ed by the Red Rover, a name given to De Longueville, how could she part with him! She wished to follow him in England, the most celebrated of which were the famed ause he usually displayed the blood-red flag, which he to the end of ihe world. What was to be done? I had Arabians, Darley and Godolphin,-from the former deInow hoisted. “I willclear the narrow seas of this rover," | no authority to interfere as to her, and I felt almost scended Flying Childers. To continue a list of celebrated 1 Wallace. Then calling together some 10 or 12 of his grieved that I had taken a solitary step in the business, horses would exceed our limits, we shall, therefore, close la followers, Boyd, Kerlie, Seton, and others, to whom the believing that the separation of the old couple would, no with a brief account of the famous Eclipse. This horse lof the most desperate battle was like the breath of life, doubt, accelerate the death of both. However, it rejoices was first the property of the Duke of Cumberland, and ommanded them to arm themselves, and lie flat upon me to tell you Isabella is with Prince; they will both call was foaled during the great eclipse in 1764 ; he was withdeck, so as to be out of sight. He ordered the mariners and see • Miss Sane,' as the old man, you recollect, al- held from the course till lie was five years old, and was 1F, excepting such as were absolutely necessary to ways called you. I applied again to Mr. Foster, who is a first tried at Epsom. He once ran four miles in eight sage the vessel ; and he gave the master instructions, truly amiable and worthy man; he could not find in his minutes, carrying twelve stone, and with this weight he n paid of death, so to steer, as that, while the vessel heart to separate his old and faithful servants, and for a won eleven King's plates. He was never beaten, never an appearance of attempting to fly, he should, in fact, small sum (compared to the value of Isabella as a servant) had a whip Aourished

over him, or felt the tickling of a mit the Red Rover to come up with them and do his he agreed to give her up. So soon as his intentions were spur, nor was he ever for a moment distressed by the speed st. Wallace himself then lay down on the deck, that known, I requested a young gentleman of the bar to head or rate of a competitor, out-footing, out-striding, and outning might be seen which could intimate any purpose a subscription paper for Prince, asking of his friends to lasting every horse which started against him. When the esistance. In a quarter of an hour De Longueville's assist him to purchase his wife. Two hundred dollars was races on Epsom Downs were first held periodically, we el ran on board that of the Champion, and the Red the sum required. In a very few days he had a surplus of have not been able to trace with accuracy, but we find that, rer, casting out grappling-irons to make sure of his 95 dollars. Several gentlemen gave him ten dollars, one from the year 1730, they have been annually held; for a e, jumped on the deck in complete armour, followed gave him fifteen, many gave five, and very few gave less long period they were held twice in every year; it was his men, who gave a terrible shout, as if victory had than one dollar.

then customary to commence at eleven o'clock, return 1 already secured. But the armed Scots started up at “ Prince has also several certificates voluntarily given into the town to dinner, and finish in the evening; but and the Rover found himself unexpectedly engaged to him, of his uncommon good conduct for twenty-four this arrangement has been long discontinued. imen accustomed to consider victory as secure, when years. N. A. Ware, Esq. has kindly undertaken to see 1 were only opposed as one to two or three. Wallace him safe to Washington city. I expect he will remain

Regatta on the Mersey. By an advertisement which self rushed on the pirate captain, end a dreadful strife three or four days in Cincinnati; and as he will call on ded their own battle to look on, and seemed, by common made for him,) and perhaps attract some attention, I write scription for the prizes that are to be given at the rowing an betwixt them, with such fury that the others sus- you in all his finery, (I have had an elegant Moorish dress appears in another part of our paper, it will be seen that tent, to refer the issue of the strife to the fate of the you this long history, that you may be enabled to give and sailing matches which are to take place in July, on bat between the two chiefs. The pirate fought as well some account of your distinguished visitor. lan could do; but Wallace's strength was beyond that " Prince is really a most extraordinary man-born to a and two for the boatmen on the river. A book for sub

our river. There will be two races for gentlemen's boats, rdinary mortals. He

dashed the sword from the Rover's kingdom-well educated, for he now writes Arabic in a scriptions is open at the, and at the other d, and placed him in such peril that, to avoid being most elegant style-brought a slave into a foreign country; printing-offices. down, he was fain to close with the Scottish champion, he has sustained a character for honesty and integrity which opes of overpowering him in the grapple. In this also is almost beyond parallel; he has been faithful, honest,

BELL'S LIFE IN LONDON, AND SPORTING CHRO. was foiled. They fell on the deck, locked in each humble, and industrious ; and although he adheres strictly NICLE, price only Sevenpence, of Sunday, the 22d of June, t's arms, but the Frenchman fell undermost; and to the religion of his country, (Mahometanism,) he expresses will contain a reprint of the Twenty Engravings which lace, fixing his grasp upon his gorget, compressed it the greatest respect for the Christian religion, and is very have appeared under the bead of " The Gallery of Comilosely,

not withstanding it was made of the finest steel, anxious to obtain a Testament in his own language, that calities." during the last six months. They will occupy the blood gushed from his eyes, nose, and mouth, and he may read the history of Jesus Christ. I wrote to the the space of four folio columns, and consist of three series, Tas only able to ask for quarter by signs. His men President to request one for hires, but that part of my letter viz. Six Prints of Hogarth’s Harlot's Progress, Six spi* down their weapons and begged for mercy, when was not answered: I am, however, in hopes, if one is to rited Sketches of British Sports, and Eight of Monkeyana, saw their leader thus severely handled. The victor be had at Washington city, he will be gratified on his or the Gambler's Progress. The cost of the Twenty Prints, Ated them all their lives, but took possession of their own application for it. 4, and detained them prisoners.--Tales of the Canon. • Prince called to see us yesterday, with his wife and the whole of which may be bought for Sevenpence, in

for Drawing and Engraving, was One Hundred Guineas, sons, who are really the finest looking young men I have Bell's Life in London, of Sunday, the 22d of June. ever seen. They were all genteelly dressed, and although

Persons in the country, desirous of having Bell's Life in RE CAPTIVE AFRICAN RESTORED TO LIBERTY. they expressed themselves pleased with the freedom of London, of Sunday, the 22d instant, containing the above

their parents, there was a look of silent agony in their eyes series of Engraved Comicalities, can order it, for that day

I could not bear to witness. I hoped the old man would only, from any newspaper agent, or can commission a tter from a Gentleman of Natches to a Lady of Cincinnati.

be able to realize his prospects and regain his property, friend to buy it at the office, No. 169, Strand, London:

which, if he does, he says he can buy them free at ten being a regularly stamped newspaper, it can be sent, free "Natchez, April 7th, 1828.

prices." This letter will be handed to you by a very extraordi.

of postage, to any part of the United Kingdom. It will

be kept on sale at No. 169, Strand, properly folded up I personage-no less than your old acquaintance Prince,

THE ORIGIN OF HORSE-RACING.--EPSOM RACES, &c. in franks, for the country, without extra charge, until Ibrahim,) who is now free, and on his way to his own atry, where he was captured in battle nearly forty years

Wednesday, the 25th of June inclusive. and has been in slavery nearly the whole of that long The first information that we have of horse-racing in

Bell's Life in London is the best and cheapest Journal od, upon the plantation of Mr. Thomas Foster, in this this country is in the reign of Henry II.; there can be no extant. It is a large folio twenty column Weekly Journal, nts. I am much gratified to have been the instrument doubt that Epsom Downs early became the spot upon published in London, at four o'clock on Saturday afterjis emancipation, although, from his advanced age which the lovers of racing indulged their fancy; and per.

This paper combines, with the news of the week, years) he can but possess merely a glimpse of the bless. haps the known partiality of James I. for this' diversion a rich repository of Fashion, Wit, Ilumour, and other ito which he was entitled from his birth.

will justify us in ascribing their commencement to the interesting incidents of Real Life. The events in the As I happen to have a leisure half hour, I will give period when he resided at the Palace of Nonsuch, near Sporting Department are copiously detailed, and, for ac. 1 a sketch of the manner in which bis liberation has Ewell; and bis reign may be fairly stated as the period curacy, stand unrivalled. The emblematical Illu trations, a brought about. You may recollect, that I frequently when horse-racing became a general and national amuse- which head the articles on Drama, Poetry, the Turf, the gested to him, that if he would write a letter to his ment. They were then called bell-courses, the prize being Chase, the Ring, the Police, Cricketing, Pigeon-shooting, intry, I would have it conveyed for him to his own a silver bell, and the winner was said to bear or carry the the Aquatic Register, and the Affairs of the Fancy, were mtry. I think it was early in the spring of 1826 that bell. The first Arabian which had ever been known in all designed by Cruikshank, in his most humorous and wrote his letter in my office, which I directed to the England as such, was purchased by the royal jockey of a happy manner. These cuts alone are worth more than e of our Consul-General at Tangier, (Captain John Mr. Markham, a merchant, at the price of £500. During the price of this newspaper, which is only Sevenpence.lloway.) Thomas B. Reed, Esq. one of our Senators , the civil wars the amusements for the final merupa Pliade is the

largest of any' London Weekly Journal

, except the charge of the letter to Washington, from whence it suspended, but not forgotten , for we find that Mr. Place, Sent by the Department of Siate to its destination. stud-master to Cromwell, was proprietor of the famous

O'server. ing last summer, I received a letter from the Depart- horse White

Turk, and several capital blood mares, one

Innkeepers and Publicans are likely to benefit by ad. of State, informing me that the letter had been for- of which, a great favourite, he concealed in a vault during ditional business to the houses, from taking in Bell's Life led, and 'a translation of it returned ; and I was re. the search after Cromwell's effects at the time of the Resto- in London, and Sporting Chronicle. ted to inquire on what terms Mr. Foster would liberate ration, from which circumstance she took the name of the It was in Bell's Life in London, of Sunday, June ce, to the intent that he might be returned to his own Coffin Mare, and is designated as such in various pedigrces. Sth, that the spirited Engraving of Ascot-heath Racenery. On applying to Mr. F. he agreed to give him King Charles 11., soon after his restoration, re-established course, the King's Stand,

&c. appeared, the size of which without any compensation, conditioned that he should the races at Newmarket, which had been instituted by print was nine inches by six. This number is reprinting, enjoy his liberty in this country. I informed the Pre. James 1. He divided them into regular meetings, and and can also be had until the 25th of June.









about their mothers like so many little fish, and their mo. Correspondence.

Improved Life Preservers. Our readers in the count thers are so dexterous, as to support themselves on the water will perceive by the advertisement that the agents for t with their infants at the breast, whilst the men are em- Kaleidoscope will receive orders for the improved ca ployed in putting the boat to rights, and emptying out Collar Jackets; and we here repeat our pledge, that, the water.-In 1699, a small vessel belonging to the they do not fully answer the purposes slated in the ads

monks of La Charite, was overset by a gust of wind, be. Lisement, the purchase money will be returned. Weka SIR,I have perused Mr. Hunt's letter to you regard-tween St. Lucie

and Martinique, and all who were in it several persons who have learned to swim by a few ti ing the earlier disappearance of objects when situated lower perished, with the exception of a Carabee, who, without with the jacket.

being aided by a plank, or other morsel of wood that to the ground, than objects whose elevation is greater ; might have assisted bi kept himself buoyant upon the

The Alma Mater is a clever little miscellany, publis and which is the case to a certain degree. Mr. Hunt's water for the space of sixty hours, supporting hunger, at Glasgow, consisting of original pieces by the stude manner of accounting for this occurrence is, however, ab- hirst, and the violence of the tempest which caused the of the University of that city. In our next number surd. The difference in the density of air at the bottom loss of the vessel, and at last landed at a small creek, purpose appropriating one of the stories in this ples

little volume. of a post four feet in height, compared with the density at and communicated the news of the wreck which had hap

pened.” the top, must be very trifling indeed. Neither, in my

Gipsies. The first appearance of gipsies in Eur opinion, is the disappearance of the chalk line at the foot

was about the year 1417. They did not reach Engi of the post owing to the curvature, which will also be very

COMPLETION OF THE TUNNEL UNDER THE TOWN till about a century after. Their present numbers, in

OF LIVERPOOL, CONNECTED WITH THE MAN- rope, are estimated at between 700,000 and 800,000. trifling, and which is overcome a hundred-fold by the height of the eye. The disappearance of objects, or parts

“I live in Julia's eyes," said an affectionate dandy of objects, situated closer to the ground, arises from the On Saturday last the final communication between the Colman's hearing: "I don't wonder at it," replied Geral

“ since I observed she had a stye in them when I saw greater obscurity which prevails close to the surface of the shafts of the Railway Tunnel was effected; and there is

last !” ground than in a more elevated position, where the light

now an uninterrupted passage from the intended depôt

near Wapping, to the deep cutting at Edge-hill. This all around the object is more perfect. I am also inclined magnificent work is about 2200 yards in length, 22 feet to believe that were the ground beneath the object made wide, and 16 feet high; it is almost entirely cut through

The Beauties of Chess. white, and thus made capable of reflecting the light, that the solid rock, but which, in several instances, is so shatit would continue longer visible. It has long been consi- tered and broken, and occurs in such thin beds, or layers,

Ludimus effigiem belli."-VIDA. dered a proof of the earth's spherical shape, that ships, in the security of the roof. Numerous droppings of water,

as to render it necessary to insert an arch of brick work for approaching us, first exhibit their rigging, &c. and lastly which issued through the pores of the rock, have been the hull. Of the earth's rotundity there no longer exists a successfully stopped by the application of Roman cement.

1 Queen ..H-6 doubl; but that the disappearance of the hull of the ship, Looking at the extent and magnitude of this undertaking,

1 Queen ......

2 Queen
with all
the difficulties inseparable from such a work, and


2 King........Hin going from us, is entirely caused by a segment of the considering that it is little more than eighteen months

3 Castle

3 Queen .....H-6 earth's circumference intervening between the eye of the since it was commenced, (during which time no less than

4 Castle

4 King........... spectator and this object, I consider rather doubtful; and 160,000 tons of stone have been removed from beneath

5 Castle .H-1X MATE. I have often felt inclined, when witnessing this occurrence, the surface, and made subservient to the purposes of to ascribe it to the greater obscurity prevailing close to the improvement above,) we cannot but be astonished at the surface, than does exist where the masts, &c. are seen re understand that preparations are making for lighting it without taking the black pawn, or suffering it to be mer

rapidity of the operations which have effected it. We White to move and win with the pawn in seren 1209 lieved by the light of the horizon. There is no doubt that, with gas, and when this is done, the public will be adfrom the figure of the earth, the hull should first disappear; mitted to a sight of it. It is expected that there will be a but I should scarcely ascribe the disappearance which the a sufficient current of air from the bottom to the top, to

Black. hull of a ship experiences, in proceeding from us, to this answer all the purposes of ventilation. We regret to say

that the opening of the final communication, on Saturday cause, at least in ordinary cases. evening, was attended with an accident of rather a serious

V & 3 a Id 1 H I would beg leave to ask some of your calculating cornature. So eager were the miners (who had been labour.

KO respondents (Mathematicus for instance) what a segment ing many a weary hour within the sound of each other's of the earth's circumference amounts to for fifteen or twenty blows) to put an end to their toil and anxiety, and receive miles; and if it would hide an object fifteen or twenty the reward promised to their exertions, that they forgot the feet in height?-I am, yours, respectfully,

caution which was necessary on such an occasion. The

men on one side had prepared a blast, and had called to June 7th, 1828.

their fellow-workmen on the other side to warn them of
it, but, in the bustle of the moment, the call had not been
heard, and so slight was the partition between them, that,

on the blast going off, it forced its way completely through, We thought we had already exhausted all the well re-intendent, who was directing the operations) were con.

and three men (one of whom was an intelligent supercorded instances of extraordinary swimming, having taken siderably burnt by the gunpowder; but we are glad to find some pains with a subject on which we always enter con that they are all likely to recover.— Tuesday's Advertiser. amore. On looking, however, into Clias's Elementary Course of Gymnastic Exercises, we met with an instance what we consider a great curiosity, and which may be seen

Specimen of Wood-turning.–We have at our office of genuine swimming, (by which we mean, not floating exhibited in the window just over our letter box. It is with the stream), which excels any thing we have hitherto made of boxwood, about a foot in length, the lower part, laid before our readers; and we regret that more particu. or pedestal, resembling, in size and shape, the queen-piece A B C D E F G H lars of the feat are not supplied.

ot' a set of chessmen; at the other extremity is a small
knob, about the size of a nut. The intervening piece,

* In September, 1821, (says Mr. Clias,) an English which connects these two, is a continuation of the same
officer, of the name of Smith, swam across the lake of wood, not thicker than a fine pack-thread. When the
Geneva from Morges to Amphion, a distance of seven pedestal rests on the table, the knob at the top, by its com.
miles and a half, and back, without stopping.” If, as parative weight, bends the slender connecting thread into

To Correspondents. seeins very likely, in a lake, Captain Smith had no stream

à curve, as a heavy ear of wheat bends the straw. It was in his favour, we repeat that this is a more surprising feat turned in a lathe by Thomas Ollis, turner, of Liverpool,

COMPLETION OF THE EIGHTH VOLUME OF THE KALEIDOS than any we have yet recorded. If he swam at the “ top and it has been very much admired by all who have seen

-Our publication of this day fortnight will complete of his speed” all the time, which was impossible, he could it.-Edits. Merc.

eighth volume; and the interesting and valuable para not have been less than twelve hours immersed, but the

recommended by An Old Friend is intended to form parte probability is that he did not average one mile in the hour, Great Curiosity.-A gentleman in this town lately pre

the contents of the first number of our ninth rulume and that fifteen or sixteen hours must have elapsed be sented Mr. Egerton Smith with what is considered a great The UNHAPPY PAIR, OR THE CONSCIENCE-STRIKES PASE tween his setting out and returning. The following ex: curiosity. It consists of upwards of two hundred leaves of -This affecting and moral tale is given entire in ex traordinary instance of the power of remaining immersed the palm or some other tree, on both sides of which are in. sent number, of which it occupies nearly two pages, in the sea, is given in Capt. Clias's work, on the authority scribed some Eastern characters, written with a pointed Specimens OF THE ELDER POETS—We shall next wees of Vancouver.

instrument, probably resembling the Roman Stylus. The sume our series of selections from the Elder Poets "The Carabees, expert at every thing, are particularly leaves, in shape and colour, exactly resemble a two-foot The Duke of Gloucester's speech on the abolition of first so in the art of swimming, as if they were born in the Gunter's scale of boxwood, and they are gilt on the edges.

shall have a place in the next Kaleidoscop. water, and formed for it; they swim like fish; the women There are eight lines of manuscript on each side of the we have received the lines of an Old Contributer. acquit themselves as well as the men. When a canoe leaf, so that the whole will contain between three and overturns, which happens very frequently, because they four thousand lines. Mr. Cohan, professor of music, in carry too much sail, they absolutely lose nothing of their this town, from whom Mr. Smith received this curiosity, Printed, published, and sold, every Tuesday

, by E.Sepet baggage, and their being drowned is a thing never heard states that it is a Burmese Bible. Mr. Smith has presented and Co., at their General Printing Office, Lord-set of. We see on these occasions the children swimming it to the Liverpool Royal Institution.

Liverpool, and to be had of all Booksellers.



A. M.



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