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When cares hang heavy on my heart,
What is it bids them quick depart'
As the warm sunbeam drinks the dew
That sparkles on the flow'ret blue;
And when my brow is clouded o'er,
When friendship's voice can charm no more,
What is it then can solace me?

That heaven on earth-8 smile from thee! Manchester.

G.PL

Poetry.

And the secrets of the sky Open'd to thy close-shut eye? Whatsoe'er its theme may be, Such a dream Ege may not see. Now is burst sleep's flow'ry thrall, Thou art mirth and frolic all; And the less than half-formed word, Flowing from thy lips is heard; And thy giddy laughter tells of the joy that with thee dwells, As thou, careless, ramblest o'er With unpractis'd steps, the floor. Thou may’st yet, fair child, possess Richer share of loveliness, Form more graceful, riper bloom, In the days thou hast to come; And the treasures of thy mind May, by years, be more refin'd; But thou ne'er wilt meet with bliss Unalloy'd with woe as this.

THE SABBATH BELLS.

INTRODUCTORY DOGGERELS.

The other day a gentleman delivered to us the folla whimsical letter from a very young literary devol our acquaintance, of whom we may say, in the lang of some rhymer, whose name we have forgotten,

Besides, you know he's none of those
Who condescend to write in prose.

The Sabbath bells are chiming

From many a house of prayer, And o'er the hill-top climbing,

The sun is shining fair; And dreamings of a better world, "The beautiful,” whose gates are gold;

Bright visions of the spirits' rest,

Sweep o'er the deeply-conscious breast ! The Sabbath bells are ringing,

And, borne upon the breeze,
Are countless voices singing

Glad anthems, loud, of praise;
And, wasted on the wings of faith,
Far from this dark and grovelling earth,

Seems as if this were hallowed ground,
So sacred the repose around !

The Sabbath bells' sweet melody,

Oh, how I love to hear !
It breathes but of things heavenly,

of God, and angels fair ;
And lovelier seems the rose to blow,
T'he winding waters softer flow;

And fairer smiles the ether blue,

Till heaven, well nigh, is given to view !
The Sabbath bells are ringing;

And I love their voice to hear,
For then no longer clinging

To this earth with coward fear,
The spirit, heedless of its yoke,
Seems as its mortal fetters broke ;

Already past were Jordan's stream,

Already past life's fitful dream!
The Sabbath bells are ringing,

And their chimes to me are dear,
For they tell the spirit springing

From Its dusky confines here,
How sweeter than the Sabbath bell
Shall heaven's majestic chorus swell,

When the archangel's trump sublime,

Shall, echoing, peal the knell of Time! Liverpool.

When life's summer hours are thine,
Sober autumn's will be mine;
When thy summer's past away,
I shall be in life's decay;
When thy autumn, too, is past,
I may then have look'd my last.
Ne'er akin in life our lot
Thou wilt live,- I be forgot,
Or remember'd but by those
Who must soon seek like repose;
Thou must, too, seek that dark bourne,
To thy native earth return;
Then, alike, our state shall be.
Death will deal equality.-
That same sound which thee doth wake,
My repose will also break.
A mother's care now guides thee on,
Tells thee what to court or shun;
When she no more is by thy side,
Look to virtue as thy guide;
Thus thy course, let virtue shield,
Ever to her precepts yield,
Thou may'st then look on the tomb,
Nor quail to meet its chilling gloom:
Virtue quits its earthly night,

To live in day of heavenly light.
Manchester.

J. BOLTON.

DEAR SIR,

The bearer, Dr. Da ,
(You'll wonder at my rhymes, and stare, too,
But verse, you know, is quite a hobby,

A cacoethes " flesh is heir to ;"
The Muses will be, to the end,

The same insinuating wencbes,)
The bearer is, I say, a friend,

And relative of Mr. F 's
Perhaps you'll ask-What object is it
That brings the Doctor on this visit,
And makes him, fearless, tempt the bring!
Sir, he's a Doctor Medicinæ ;
He's tir'd of all his Glasgow friends,
So, visiting your town, intends,
If all seems promising and fair,
To follow his profession there.
Were I myself there, then, 'tis true,
I'd like to see my friend there too;
I'd give him hearty welcome; nay,
To make it worth his while to stay,
I'd let him bleed me twice a day!
But as I'm here, why, then, you know,
I'm rather loth to let him go.
I fear, in Liverpool he'll find,
Friends, good as those he leaves behind;
I'm sure I hope he vont, for then,

We ne'er shall get him back again.
Let's caution you, dear Uncle, (since

This is the nature of the case,)
'Gainst any serviceable hints,

Which, from your knowledge of the place,
But for the caution I request,
You'd be so likely to suggest.

“ Scribe tui gregis hunc, et fortem crede bonub. Glasgow, Sunday, June 1, 1828.

• It is unlucky that grammar and rhyme are bere m cileable; but we admire the spirit of the author, stolen "a grace beyond the reach of art. The predica in which he was placed reminds us of that of the pochi was engaged to write an epitaph, on these presche ditions:--It was to consist of only two lines, One was to conclude with the word pity. However, he young friend) was a bold genius, and he accomplise task, thus:

Here lies, and more's the pity,

The body of Nicholas New city. * N.B. His name was New-town; but it would ne Edit. Kal.

ONE SMILE FROM THEE.

One smile from thee! at morning's dawn,
When feather'd songsters, on the lawn,
Their wild notes warble to the sky,
Making sweet sounds of minstrelsy ;
When earth is glad, and hill and glen
Look smilingly on care-worn men;
What can be dearer unto me
Than, this bright hour-one smile from thee?

LINES TO MY INFANT SISTER.

Artless little cherub fair, With thy twining flaxen hair, And thy eye so skyey bright, And thy teeth so snowy white; Ever be thine open brow Free from grief and care as now; May thy future ever be Pure as this thine infancy. Nestled in thy mother's breast, Oh, how placid is thy rest: What Is it doth now beguile Thy witching features to a smile? It must be a vision sweet, That thy dreamy gaze doth greet. Are thy waking gambols blent With thy slumber, Innocent ? or are things from man conceal'd, To thy suleleas mind revealed;

One smile from thee! when the gay sun
His glittering radiant course hath run;
And in the purple-tinged west,
He slowly sinks awhile to rest :
Oh, what can make the glorious scene
Assume a brighter, lovelier sheen,
As the red beams fade o'er the sea ?
One glowing, witching smile from thee!
One smile from thee! at midnight's noon,
When to the world the cloudless moon
Her softening silver light bestows,
When my fond breast with passion glows;
It is my greatest earthly pride
To feel thee clinging to my side,
For oh, what is the scene to me,
Tu brighten'd by a smile from thee?

A solar microscope is prepared for exhibition at they ford, which is said to possess a magnifying power 3,000,000, which may be raised to 4,000,000 if the nove sufficiently large and the light strong. By its 2015 the white mealy particles on the surface of higi living objects of two and a half feet in length; the of the common honey bee appears fourteen feet it and hundreds of snakes, of the enormous exten six to eight feet, may be discovered in two drops of Filige -American paper.

Chess.

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Cunningham gives the victory to the white; but Phi. | To Boats' Crews, and especially those of Life Boats, these lidor, with more reason, thinks the black should win.

Marine Preservers would be most invaluable, as they serve

to keep the body warm and dry; nor do they, in the slightErrata in the former portion of this article, published It, however, the white, on castling, instead of placing est degree, prevent the wearer from using the oars; whilst. he last Kaleidoscope. - In the third column of the front the king at G 1, should castle with the king at H 1, by inspiring confidence, they may be the means of inducing e, in the seventh line from the bottom, A 6, and also according to the Italian method, in the latter case I should seamen to venture where it would be unsafe, or fatal, to go he fourth line from the bottom, ought to have been rather agree with Cunningham ; from which it follows, without them. • Our chess readers perhaps will take the pains to that the king's gambit might be played, in case the ad.

They may be had either lined or padded, and so made as to te the necessary correction with a pen.

adjust themselves to persons of all sizes. versary made use of this defence; but not having always

Persons in the country, who are desirous of becoming pur PHILIDOR NOT INFALLIBLE.

this security, I subscribe to the opinion of the celebrated chasers, are requested to state about their weight, and their (Concluded from our last.)

Philip Stamma, of Aleppo, who thinks that every one stature and bulk.
should abstain from playing it, being, of itself, disastrous, The prices of the Preservers vary from Eighteen Shillings

to One Pound and Twenty-five Shillings, according to their * Whoe'er expects a faultless piece to see, except when you have the good fortune to meet with a

finish; and any person remitting the money (post-paid) may Seeks what nor is, nor was, nor e'er shall be." player who is a player only in name.

have one of the most complete description forwarded to his

At the ninth, and last game, he gives the queen's gam-address. t the fifth game, he plays the king's gambit, making

| bit with its defence. It is similar to mine in the first and An allowance made for a wholesale order, or for exportapark in a note under the letter L, that “ cette partie essential moves; differing, however, as it proceeds, in a

tion, voir qu'un gambit bien altaqué, et bien defendu, n'est

E. Smith and Co. pledge themselves to return the purchasefew immaterial points. tis une partie decisive de coté ni d'autre." So the

money, if these Marine Preservers do not answer the descrip

By what has been hitherto said, you will observe that or reasons, supposing that he who plays the gambit

tion they have here given of them. greater part of t

kims, which Philidor approves It is presumed that these Marine Preservers would sell very vers the pawn which is given ; but as this supposition | not hold good, even upon his own defence, we may

or condemns in the opening games, fail in their pretended well abroad.
success; and I should consider myself wanting in that sin-

Had the Passengers and Crew of the Alert Packet been furnished at with the poet,

with these Preservers, not one of them would have perished. cerity, which I owe to my own character, if I should re. Gambitto à giuocator farsi non lice."

Orders received through the agents for the Kaleidoscope. commend you to follow his advice,-the fallacy of which he following are the moves given by Philidor:

I have slightly touched upon, knowing that your quick DIRECTIONS FOR PUTTING ON THE IMPROVED MARINE LIPI WHITR. BLACK

PRESERVER. I Pawn ...... E-4

discernment requires only a hint to perceive them. Give 1 Pawn ......... E-5

The particular attention of those who use the Marine Life 2 Pawn ......F-4 2 Pawn .........F-4 me, among other commands, new proofs of your friend

Preserver is requested to the following directions:-Although s Knight ......P-3 3 Pawn.........G-5 ship, and it will always be my endeavour to show myself

they may be worn on the naked body, it is preferable to use 4 Bishop ......C-4 4 Bishop ......G_7 your

an under-waistcoat of flannel, or some other substance; the 5 Pawn ......H-4 5 Pawn ......H-6

thicker the better. This, besides keeping the body warmer 6 Pawn ......D-4 6 Pawn.........D_6 REGATTA ON THE MERSEY.

than when naked, serves to prevent the cross-belt from 7 Pawn ......C-3 7 Pawn .........C-6

ON the 18th July next, Prizes will be given for SAIL. chating the wearer in swimming. A strong pair of drawers, 8 Queen ......E-2

ING and ROWING MATCHES, by a few Gentlemen with a loop (2, 3) on each side, just above the hips, is partieu"hes moves are correct

take c
who have entered into a Subscription for that object; and

larly recommended. A strong piece of tape, or apron-string, those who may be disposed to promote it, are requested to coming move of the black, who plays the bishop to leave their Names and Subscriptions with the Editors of any should be fastened to each of these loops; and when the jacket allowing the white to push his pawn to G 3. and of the Liverpool Newspapers, who have books open for the is worn, these tapes should be put through the two staples.

purpose, or with the Secretary, Lieutenant WATSON, at Sea- the jacket drawn down, and the drawers up, as close as poseby break up the game in such a manner, that, in a combe, who will receive the applications of Owners of Boats

sible. This is found to be of the greatest importance, as it | who may wish to enter them for the Races, and will give moves, he recovers his pawn, as the author demon. information as to the regulations to be observed.

prevents the jacket from slipping upwards, and it keeps the t if the stead

It is hoped that the Gentlemen of Liverpool and the oppo. collar down in the water, and consequently elevates the

site shore of Cheshire will patronise this novel amusement

could h were to play his queed to E7, the white could

wearer higher in floating. on the river Mersey by any Subscriptions, however small, as

The mode of putting on this Marine Life Preserver is so DP regain his pawn: for. if he should play his pawn to the value of the Prizes and general success of the whole depend greatly upon the sum that may be thus collected.

simple as to require little or no direction, as a bare inspection the black pushes his pawn to G 4; and, upon the

of the figure will enable almost any person to understand it. te re-moving, as his best move, the attacked knight

ON SALE.

The head is put through the aperture in the canvas, and the black) will advance the gambit pawn to F 3. always! 500 Dozen LONDON PORTER, in Prime Order. I

500 Dozen LONDON PORTER, in Prime Order, upper part of the Cork Collar brought in front, nearly in con

for immediate use, at 6s.6d. per dozen. A reduction on 5 doz. Itact with the chin. The strap (1) should be buckled as tightly aining with a pawn more, as he would were his adver As also Fine Sparkling CHAMPAIGNE, at 72s. per dozen.

as the wearer can bear it, as this keeps the jacket from slipto attempt any other method of attack; with which! A few Cases of Old HOCK.

With a variety of WINES and SPIRITS, on equally Mo ping up, and also keeps the body warm. Any person who antage, I affirm, that, with careful play, he must win. derate terms."

prefers it may line the canvas with flannel; and if the strap the sixth game he gives another gambit, in which A single Bottle sold as a sample.

should be found too hard, it might also be lined.

Bottles to be returned or paid for. white, at the third move, instead of playing the knight Apply at No. 8, Manesty-lane.

A jacket or spencer may be worn over the fannel under.

waistcoat, and a pair of breeches over the drawers, if the 3, plays the bishop to C 4. No player can possibly be

IMPORTANT TO PERSONS GOING TO SEA. wearer pleases. They will keep him warmer; and the Prevaded that such a gambit can be good, and much less PASSENGERS IN STEAM-BOATS. &c.. AND TO PER server will buoy him up with any quantity of clothes on, and it be understood why the author puts a defence in the

SONS LEARNING TO SWIM.

his shoes or boots, if there should not be time to take them Hs of the black which allows the white to win, when

oft.

It is of sach consequence to fasten down the jacket to the game, according to him, is not decisive. The defence

breeches or drawers, that the suggestion is liere repeated. ch is given by Salvio, at the twenty-second chapter of

IMPROVED

MARINE Fourth book, will give you rather more solid informa

Tide Table. the seventh game he gives a third gambit, in which

LIFE

PRESERVERS, Days. porn. Even. Height. Festivals, &c. Befending player does not take the offered pawn; upon

h. m. h. m. ft. in. ch I shall say nothing, as it would be trouble without

Tuesday ..17) 1 47 2 514 7 St. Alban. 2

Wednesday 18 2 24 2 42 13 uction.

3

9 Thursday 19 3 4 3 25 13 0

(the West Saxons. t the eighth game he gives a fourth gambit, known by Warranted to support the wearer in the water, either naked

Friday ....20 3 50 4.15 12 3 Tran. of Edward, King of

Saturday..211 4 44 5 14 11 9 name of Cunningham, the moves of which, on account or with his clothes on, and with a considerable weight

of money, or other articles in his pockets.

Sunday....22) 5 49 6 25 11 10 3d Sunday after Trinity, heir brilliancy, I deem worthy of your attention.

Monday ..23 7 0 7 34 12 3

EGERTON SMITH & Co.
WHITE.
BLACK.

Tuesday ..241 8 6 8 34 13 3 Nat. of St. John Baptist. 1 Pawn ......E-4

i Pawn ..... E-5 Have on Sale, at their GENERAL PRINTING OFFICE, Lord. & Pawn.........F-4 2 Pawn.........F-4 street, Liverpool,

METEOROLOGICAL DIARY. 3 Knight ......F-3 3 Bishop ......E-7

IMPROVED MARINE 4 Bishop ......C-4 4 Bishop ......H-4X LIFE PRESERVERS.

[From the Liverpool Courier.]
5 Pawn ......G-3
5 Pawn ......G-3

Barometer | Extreme Thermo-Extreme State of
These Preservers may be put on as readily as an ordinary

Remus Castles with King 6 Pawn ...... H-2X

during meter & heatu- the Wind waistcoat, and they will sustain the wearer in the water, with

DOOR to G-1, and

Night.morning ring Day. at noon. 7 King.........H-1

the head and shoulders above the surface, without the slightCastle to ...F-1 est exertion on his part.

June

They will defend the body from according to the

4 29 50

o W. Showery, external bruises, and keep the wearer much warmer than custom of those countries. +

5 29 3946 01 54 01 O'W.N.W. Rain. he would be without them. They form no impediment to

01 NW. Fair. The Italian players allow a latitude in castling which is the swimmer; and any person may readily learn to swim by

9 68

9 10

OW.N.W. Cloudy. 0 18

0 their means.

W. suffered in England or France.

Rain. 9 30 27 53 0 57 0

0 W.N.W. Fair. This method of castling is not commendable, as it is To persons wrecked at sea, they will be of the utmost im- 10 30 27 54 0 580 600 W. Rain.

defensive; it is termed castling in the Calabrese man-1 portance, as it is not necessary to take off any part of the The above is, however, the only method which is per wearing apparel; and the wearer may thus not only preserve

4th, One, p.m. hail storm. a by the English or French players. his clothes, but also any money he may be possessed of.

6th, Heavy rain during night.' 7th, Very stormy during night.

noon.

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Scientific Notices.

| belonged. The nature of the pitch of sounds was first until between eleven and twelve o'clock. Mrs. Wast

explained, and stated to be the quality by which musical ton retired about the usual family hour, but beca Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve- sounds are distinguished from mere noise. The credit of alarmed at not hearing the accustomed sound of ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sin- the first philosophical account of this quality was attri. library door, as it closed for the night, and gave s gular Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanical, Phi. buted to Gallileo, who proved that it depended altogether for rest in the well-regulated mansion, she arose a losophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mineralogical upon the number of impulses in a given time. An ex. and continued sitting up, in much anxiety and sus Phenomena, or singular Facts in Natural History, periment by that philosopher, apparently forgotten in At length the well known step was heard on the stair, Vegetation, &c.; Antiquities, &c.

modern times, but described in his Dialogues, was re- upon the General's entering his chamber, the lads

peated. It consisted in drawing the point of a blade over chided him for remaining up so late, knowing his RED RAIN,

a metal plate so as to produce sound, and counting or be unwell; to whom Washington made this memaa SUPPOSED TO ARISE FROM BUTTERFLIES.

comparing the dots, which are always produced upon the reply :-" I came as soon as my business was

plates, and which are the records of the number of vibra- plished. You know well, that, through a long life, The following narrative seems curious and important tions necessary to the pitch of sound produced.

been my unwearied rule never to put off lill the morre in connexion with the various accounts of red rain. It Hook's experiment, in which the teeth of a revolving duties which should be performed to-day.” is extracted from Gassendi's Life of Peiresc, p. 110-113: wheel were made to beat against a card, was repeated, and I wheel were made to beat against a card, was repeated, and Having first covered up the fire with care, the mi

Having first covered up th "Through the whole of this year (1608) nothing gave the pitch of sound shown to correspond with the number mighty labours at last sought repose; but it came to M. Peiresc greater pleasure than his observations upon of impulses in a given time. An extension of this experi. had long been wont to do, to comfort and restore, sa the bloody rain, said to have fallen about the beginning

ment, by Mr. Wheatstone, was also described, in which many and earnest occupations of the well-spent day. of July. Large drops were seen in Paris itself, both upon the harmonics of a stretched string were produced by night was passed in feverish restlessness and pain." the walls of the cemetery of the greater church, which is holding it against the wheel; the string producing sound nature's sweet restorer, balmy sleep," was destined to near the walls of the city, and upon the walls of the city, whenever the velocity of the wheel was such that the im- to visit his couch ; yet the manly sufferer uttered to and likewise upon the walls of villas, hamlets, and towns, pulses of the teeth corresponded in frequency with the plaint, would permit no one to be disturbed in the for some miles round the city. Ju the first place, M. vibrations of the string or of any of its aliquot parts. Peiresc went to examine the drops themselves, with which

I on his account, and it was only at day-break he woull

Robison's mode of producing musical sounds by air sent that the overseer might be called in and bleedit the stones were reddened, and spared no pains to obtain passing through a stop-cock rapidly revolving, was then sorted to. A vein was opened, but without affording the means of conversing with some husbandmen beyond explained and illustrated ; afterwards, Cagniard de la Couriers were despatched to summon Dr. Craik, Lambesc, who were reported to have been so astonished Tour's syren was set in action; and from these were drawn mily, and Drs. Dick and Brown, as consulting phys at the shower as to leave their labour and ily for safety the explanation of the principles of two new musical all of whom came with speed. The proper remedia into the neighbouring houses. This story he ascertained instruments from Germany, the Munt-harmonica and the administered, but without producing their healing e to be without foundation. To the explanation offered by | Acol-harmonica. the philosophers, who said that the rain might have come

while the patient, yielding to the anxious looks 1 from vapours, which had been raised out of red earth, he

around him, waved his usual objection to medicines

took those which were prescribed, without hesitati objected that evaporated fluids do not retain their former

LIST OF NEW PATENTS.

remark. The medical gentlemen spared not their hues, as is plainly exemplified in the colourless water distilled from red roses. Nor was he better satisfied with ! To Jane B. Lowrey, wife of T. S. Lowrey, of Exeter. and all the resources of their art were exhausted I

I wearied endeavours to preserve this noblest work of aali the opinion of the vulgar, countenanced by some of the for her improvements in the manufacture of hats and bon

| theologians, who maintained that the appearance was prc-nets.--Dated the 25th of March, 1828.-6 months allowed

Night approached the last night of Washington

weather became severely cold, while the group and duced by demons, or witches, shedding the blood of inno- | to enrol specification.

nearer the couch of the sufferer, watching, with a cent babes. This he thought was a mere conjecture, To E. Cowper, of Clapham-road Place, Lambeth, for

anxiety, for the slightest dawning of hope. He spel scarcely reconcileable with the goodness and providence improvements in cutting paper.--26th March.-6 months.

little. To the respectful and affectionate inquiries of God. In the meantime, an accident happened, which To F de Fourville, of Piccadilly, for improvements on

old family servant, as she smoothed down his pillow, discovered to him, as be thought, the true cause of the filtering apparatus.--26th March. 6 months.

he felt himself, he answered, “ I am very ill." ! phenomenon. He had found, some months before, al To T. Lawes, of the Strand, for an improved thread to

Craik, his earliest companion in arms, longest tre chrysalis of a remarkable size and form, which he inclosed be used in the manufacture of bobbin-net lace.-291h of

bosom friend, he observed, “I am dying, Sir, but a in a box. He thought no more of it, until, bearing a March.-6 months.

afraid to die.” To Mrs. Washington, he said, buzz within the box, he opened it, and perceived that the To H. Marriott, of Fleet-street, and Augustus Siebe,

my escritoir, and in the private drawer you will 18 chrysalis had been changed into a most beautiful butter- of Princes-street, Leicester-square, for certain improve.

hon papers; bring them to me." They were broogos fly, which immediately flew away, leaving, at the bottomments in hydraulic machines.-29th March.-6 months. I

prertain To Peter Taylor, of Hollinwood, Lancaster, for certain

continued, “ These are my wills; preserve this of the box, a red drop of the size of a shilling. As this

burn the other;" which was immediately done. happened about the time when the shower was supposed improvements in machinery for hackling, dressing, or

to Colonel Lear, he directed _" Let my corpse be 14 to have fallen, and when a vast multitude of those insects combing flax, hemp, &c.--29th of March. -6 months.

the usual period of three days.” was observed fluttering through the air in every direction, To John Davis, of Leman-street, Goodman's- fields, for he concluded that the drops in question were some kind an improvement (communicated from abroad) in boiling

The paiient bore his acute sufferings with man

tude, and perfect resignation to the Divine will; of excrementitious matter emitted by them, when they or evaporating solutions of sugar and other liquids.--29th

the night advanced, is became evident that he was alighted upon the walls. He, therefore, examined the of March.-6 months.

and he seemed fully aware that his “ hour was niem] drops again, and remarked, that they were not upon the To C. Harsleben, of New Ormond-streel, Esq., for im

inquired the time, and it was answered, a few mod upper surfaces of stones and buildings, as they would have provements in machinery to be used in navigation and the

twelve. He spake no more; the hand of death 98 been if a shower of blood had fallen from the sky, but propelling of ships.-3d of April.-6 months.

him, and he was conscious that his "hour was rather in cavities and holes, where insects might nestle. To S. W. Wright, of Webber-street, Lambeth, engineer, Besides this, he took notice that they were to be seen upon for improvements in the construction of wheel carriages.

| With surprising self-possession he prepared to die

posing his form at length, and folding his hands of the walls of those houses only which were near the fields. / 15th of April.-6 months.

bosom, without a sigh, without a groan, the faibad and not upon the more elevated parts of them, but only ! To J. G. Ulrich, of Cornhill, for his improvements on up to the same moderate height at which the butterflies chronometers.-19th of April.-6 months.

country expired, gently as though an infant died. were accustomed to flutter. In this way he explained the

pain nor struggle told when the noble spirit took a story told by Gregory, of Tours, of a bloody shower seen

less flight; while, so tranquil appeared the man at Paris in the time of Childebert, at different places, and

fliscellanies.

in the repose of death, that some moments had upon a house in the vicinity of Senlis; and another said

those around could believe that the patriarcb wasa

Such were the last hours of Washington. to have fallen in the time of King Robert, about the end

THE LAST HOURS OF WASHINGTON. of June, the drops of which could not be washed out by means of water, when they had fallen upon fesh, gar. (From Curtis's Recollections and Private Memoirs of the Life SIR WILLIAM WALLACE AND THE RED ROLL ments, or stones, but might be washed out from wood;

and Character of Washington.) for the time here stated was the season for the butterflies;

During the brief career of the celebrated patrik and he showed that no water could wash out these red | Twenty-eight years have passed away since an interest. William Wallace, and when his arms had, for marks from stones. After discussing these and similar ing group were assembled in the death-room, and witnessed pelled the English invaders from his native cougar arguments in the presence of much company at the house the last hours of Washington. So keen and unsparing said to have undertaken a voyage to France, Fit of his friend Varius, they determined to inspect the hath been the scythe of time, that of all those who watched band of trusty friends, to try what his presence (ter appearance together, and, as they wandered through the over the patriarch's couch, on the 13th and 14th of respected through all countries for his profess) fields, they saw many drops upon stones and rocks, but | December, 1799, but a single personage survives.

to induce the French monarch to send to Scotland only in hollows or upon sloping surfaces, and not upon. On the morning of the 13th, the General was e

On the morning of the 13th, the General was engaged of auxiliary forces, or other assistance, to and I those which were presented to the sky." -The butterfly in making some improvements in front of Mount Vernon. regaining their independence. The Scottish chas observed by Peiresc was probably the Papilio C. album, As was usual with him, he carried his own compass, on board a small vessel, and stecring for the porto or common butterfly. It has been observed to deposit the noted his observations, and marked out the ground. The when a sail appeared in the distance, which the same red fluid in England.

day became rainy, with sleet, and the improver remained regarded with doubt and apprehension, and it

so long exposed to the inclemency of the weather, as to be confusion and dismay. Wallace demanded to stop PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF considerably wetted before his return to the house. About was the cause of their alarm. The captain of the GREAT BRITAIN.- MUSICAL SOUNDS. one o'clock he was seized with chillness and nausea, but formed him, that the tall vessel which was bearing

having changed his clothes, he sat down to his in-door with the purpose of boarding that which he comete On May 9, Mr. Faraday gave a lecture on the produc- work, there being no moment of his time for which he was the ship of a celebrated rover, equally tion of musical sound, with an explication of the principles had not provided an appropriate employment.

courage, strength of body, and successful piracies of action in some new musical instruments. He stated At night, on joining his family circle, the General com- commanded by a gentleman named Thomas his information to be derived altogether from Mr. Wheat- plained of slight iodisposition, and, after a single cup of ville, a Frenchman by birto, but by practices stone, to whom, of course, the new facts brought forward tea, repaired to his library, where he remained writing pirates who call themselves friends to the sea,

PO

the w

ed rover, equally famed fel nan named Thornas de Lugo

practice ose of the s to the ses, and are

CARAMEL

all who sailed upon that element. He attacked and sident of the result of my inquiry, and, a few weeks ago, substituted, both there and at other places, silver cupe andered vessels of all nations, like one of the ancient received a letter from Mr. Clay, asking of me to complete or bowls, of the value of £100, for the royal gift of the brse Sea-kings, as they were termed, whose dominion the agency, and to send Prince on to Washington city ; ancient bells. William III., though not fund of the turf, s upon the mountain waves. The master added, that for which purpose I was authorized to draw for a sum of paid much attention to the breed of horses for martial vessel could escape the rover by flight, so speedy was money necessary to defray the expenses of his journey, purposes, and in his reign some of the most celebrated

bark he commanded ; and that no crew, however and to clothe him, if necessary. But the poor old man, stallions were imported. George, Prince of Denmark, rdy, could hope to resist him, when, as was his usual when the news was communicated to him that he was to obtained from his royal consort, Queen Anne, grants of de of combat, he threw himself on board at the head of be free, and return to his country, where he is, no doubt, royal plates for several places. In the latter end of the followers. Wallace smiled sternly, while the master a lawful King, (of a country called Fimboo,) he looked at reign of George I. the change of the royal plates into the ship, with alarm in his countenance, and tears in the old companion of his slavery, the mother of his pine purses of a hundred guineas took place. In the time of eves, described to him the certainty of their being cap- children, he could not agree to part with her. She, too-- George II. there were many capital thorough-bred horses ed by the Red Rover, a name given to De Longueville, how could she part with him! She wished to follow him in England, the most celebrated of which were the famed anse he usually displayed the blood-red fag, which be to the end of the world. What was to be dona? I had | Arabians, Darley and Godolphin,-from the former deInow boisted. “I willclear the narrow seas of this rover," no authority to interfere as to her, and I felt almost scended Flying Childers. To continue a list of celebrated 1 Wallace. Then calling together some 10 or 12 of his grieved that I had taken a solitary step in the business, horses would exceed our limits, we shall, therefore, close followers, Boyd, Kerlie. Seton, and others, to whom the believing that the separation of the old couple would, no with a brief account of the famous Eclipse. This horse of the most desperate battle was like the breath of life, doubt, accelerate the death of both. However, it rejoices was first the property of the Duke of Cumberland, and pommanded them to arm themselves, and lie flat upon me to tell you Isabella is with Prince; they will both call was foaled during the great eclipse in 1764; he was withdeck, so as to be out of sight. He ordered the mariners and see . Miss Save,' as the old man, you recollect, al- held from the course till lie was five years old, and was IT, excepting such as were absolutely necessary to ways called you. I applied again to Mr. Foster, who is a first tried at Epsom. He once ran four miles in eight nage the vessel; and he gave the master instructions, truly amiable and worthy man; he could not find in his minutes, carrying twelve stone, and with this weight he n pain of death, so to steer, as that, while the vessel heart to separate his old and faithful servants, and for a won eleven King's plates. He was never beaten, never

an appearance of attempting to fiy, he should, in fact, small sum (compared to the value of Isabella as a servant) had a whip flourished over him. or felt the tickling of a mit the Red Rover to come up with them and do his he agreed to give her up. So soon as his intentions were spur, nor was he ever for a moment distressed by the speed

. Wallace himself then lay down on the deck, that known, I requested a young gentleman of the bar to head or rate of a competitor, out-footing, out-striding, and outaing might be seen which could intimate any purpose a subscription paper for Prince, asking of his friends to lasting every horse which started against him. When the esistance. In a quarter of an hour De Longueville's assist him to purchase his wife. Two hundred dollars was races on Epsom Downs were first held periodically, we elan on board that of the Champion, and the Red the sum required. In a very few days he had a surplus of have not been able to trace with accuracy, but we find that, Ter casting out grappling-irons to make sure of his 95 dollars. Several gentlemen gave him ten dollars, one from the year 1730, they have been annually held; for a Te, jumped on the deck in complete armour, followed gave him fifteen, many gave five, and very few gave less long period they were held twice in every year; it was his men, who gave a terrible shout, as if victory had | than one dollar.

then customary to commence at eleven o'clock, return already secured. But the armed Scots started up at “Prince has also several certificates voluntarily given into the town to dinner, and finish in the evening; but

and the Rover found himself unexpectedly engaged to him, of his uncommon good conduct for twenty-four this arrangement has been long discontinued.
imen accustomed to consider victory as secure, when years. N. A. Ware, Esq. has kindly undertaken to see
Tere oply opposed as one to two or three. Wallace him safe to Washington city. I expect he will remain

Regatta on the Mersey. By an advertisement which self rushed on the pirate captain, end a dreadful strife three or four days in Cincinnati; and as he will call on

appears in another part of our paper, it will be seen that an betwixt them, with such fury that the others sus- you in all his finery, (I have had an elegant Moorish dress

a few gentlemen of Liverpool have entered into a subded their own battle to look on, and seemed, by common made for him,) and perhaps attract some attention, I write

scription for the prizes that are to be given at the rowing ent, to refer the issue of the strife to the fate of the you this long history, that you may be enabled to give

and sailing matches which are to take place in July, on bat between the two chiefs. The pirate fought as well some account of your distinguished visitor.

our river. There will be two races for gentlemen's boats, ian could do; but Wallace's strength was beyond that “Prince is really a most extraordinary man-born to a rdinary mortals. He dashed thesword from the Rover's kingdom-well educated, for he now writes Arabic in a

and two for the boatmen on the river. A book for sub

scriptions is open at the Mercury.office, and at the other d. and placed him in such peril that, to avoid being most elegant style-brought a slave into a foreign country, down, he was fain to close with the Scottish champion, he has sustained a character for honesty and integrity which printing-Offices. mes of overpowering him in the grapple. In this also is almost beyond parallel; he has been faithful, honest, I BELL'S LIFE IN LONDON. AND SPORTING CHRO. as foiled.

the deck, locked in each humble, and industrious ; and although he adheres strictly NICLE, price only Sevenpence, of Sunday, the 22d of June, arms, but the Frenchman fell undermost; and to the religion of his country, (Mahometamism,) he expresses will contain a reprint of the Twenty Engravings which face, fixing his grasp upon his gorget, compressed it the greatest respect for the Christian religion, and is very have

istian religion, and is very have appeared under the bead of "The Gallery of Comi. was made of the finest steel, anxious to obtain a Testament in his own language, that calities," during the last six months. They will occupy the bl

hed from

is eyes, nose, and mouth, and he may read the history of Jesus Christ. I wrote to the the space of four folio columns, and consist of three series, only able to ask for quarter by signs. His men | President to request one for him, but that part of my letter | viz. Six Prints of Hogarth's Harlot's Progress. Six spi. down their weapons and begged for mercy, when was not answered. I am, however, in hopes, if one is to rited Sketches of British Sports, and Eight of Monkeyana. Na heir leader thus severely handled. The victor be had at Washington cily, he will be gratified on his or the Gambler's Progress. The cost of the Twenty Prints. mited them all their lives, but took possession of their own application for it.

for Drawing and Eugraving, was One Hundred Guineas, 4, and detained them prisoners.-Tales of the Canon. " Prince called to see us yesterday, with his wife and the whole of which may be bought for Sevenpence, in

sons, who are really the finest looking young men I bave Bell's Life in London, of Sunday, the 22d of June.

ever seen. They were all genteelly dressed, and although Persons in the country, desirous of having Bell's Life in HE CAPTIVE AFRICAN RESTORED TO LIBERTY. they expressed themselves pleased with the freedom of London, of Sunday, the 22d instant, containing the above

their parents, there was a look of silent agony in their eyes series of Engraved Comicalities, can order it, for that day

I could not bear to witness. I hoped the old man would only, from any newspaper agent, or can commission a tter from a Gentleman of Natchez to a Lady of Cincinnati.

be able to realize his prospects and regain his property, friend to buy it at the office, No. 109, Strand, London:

which, if he does, he says he can buy them free at ten being a regularly stamped newspaper, it can be sei Natchez, April 7th, 1828.

prices." This letter will be handed to you by a very extraordi.

of postage, to any part of the United Kingdom. It will inersonageno less than your old acquaintance I fince, THE ORIGIN OF HORSE-RACING.-EPSOM RACES, &c. in franks, for the country, without extra charge, until

be kept on sale at No. 169, Strand, properly folded up Ibrahim,) who is now free, and on his way to his own atry, where he was captured in battle nearly forty years

Wednesday, the 25th of June inclusive. i and has been in slavery nearly the whole of that long The first information that we have of horse-racing in Bell's life in London is the best and cheapest Journal od, upon the plantation of Mr. Thomas Foster, in this this country is in the reign of Henry II.; there can be no

extant. It is a large folio twenty column Weekly Journal, nty. 'I am much gratified to have been the instrument doubt that Epsom Downs early became the spot upon

published in London, at four o'clock on Saturday afterjis emancipation, olthough, from his advanced age which the lovers of racing indulged their fancy; and per.

noon. This paper combines, with the news of the week, years) he can but possess merely a glimpse of the bless. haps the known partiality of James I. for this diversion

| a rich repository of Fashion, Wit, Humour, and other ito which he was entitled from his birth. I will justify us in ascribing their commencement to the

interesting incidents of Real Life. The events in the As I happen to have a leisure half hour, I will give period when he resided at the Palace of Nonsuch, near Sporting Department are copiously detailed, and, for ac. ja eketch of the manner in which bis liberation has Ewell; and bis reign may be fairly stated as the period

curacy, stand unrivalled. The emblematical Illu trations, A brought about. You may recollect, that I frequently when horse-racing became a general and national amuse

which head the articles on Drama, Poetry, the Turf, the gested to him, that if he would write a letter to his ment. They were then called bell-courses, the prize being

Chase, the Ring, the Police, Cricketing, Pigeon-shooting, intry, I would have it conveyed for him to his own a silver bell, and the winner was said to bear or carry the th

the Aquatic Register, and the Affairs of the Fancy, were mtry. I think it was early in the spring of 1826 that bell. The first Arabian which had ever been known in all designed by Cruikshank, in his most bumorous and wrote his letter in my ofice, which I directed to the England as such, was purchased by the royal jockey of a happy manner:

happy manner. These cuts alone are worth more than e of our Consul-General at Tangier, (Captain John Mr. Markham, a merchant, at the price of £500. During

the price of this newspaper, which is only Sevenpence.lony.) Thomas B. Reed, Esq. one of our Senators, the civil wars the amusements of the turf were partially I The sale of Bell & Life in London, and Sporting Chronicle. charge of the letter to Washington, from whence it suspended, but not forgotten , for we find that Mr. Place,

is the largest of any London Weekly Journal, except the Sent by the Department of State to its destination, stud-oaster to Cromwell, was proprietor of the famous

Observer. ing last summer, I received a letter from the Depart. horse White Turk, and several capital blood mares, one! Innkeepers and Publicans are likely to benefit by ad.

of State, informing me that the letter had been for- of which, a great favourite, he concealed in a vault during ditional business to their houses, from taking in Bell's Life led. and a translation of it returned ; and I was re- the search after Cromwell's effects at the time of the Resto- in London, and Sporting Chronicle.

to inquire on what terms Mr. Foster would liberate ration, from which circumstance she took the name of the "." It was in Bull's Life in London, of Sunday, June ce to the intent that he might be returned to his own Coffin Mare, and is designated as such in various pedigrces. Sth, that the spirited Engraving of Ascot-heath Race.

On applying to Mr. F. he agreed to give him King Charles II., soon after his restoration, re-established course, the King's Stand, &c. appeared, the size of which iubout any compensation, conditioned that he should the races at Newmarket, which had been instituted by print was nine inches by six. This number is reprintics. Tonigy his liberty in this country. I informed the Pre- James I. He divided them into regular meetings, and and can also be had until the 25th of June.

Correspondence.

pened.”

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about their mothers like so many little fish, and their moo, Improved Life Preservers.-Our readers in the count thers are so dexterous, as to support themselves on the water will perceive by the advertisement that the agents for

with their infants at the breast, whilst the men are em- Kaleidoscope will receive orders for the Improved Ca FIGURE OF THE EARTH.

ployed in putting the boat to rights, and emptying out Collar Jackets; and we here repeat our pledge, that,

the water.-In 1699, a small vessel belonging to the they do not fully answer the purposes stated in the ads TO THE EDITOR.

monks of La Charite, was overset by a gust of wind, be. Lisement, the purchase money will be returned. Weka SIR,-I have perused Mr. Hunt's letter to you regard.

recard, tween St. Lucie and Martinique, and all who were in it several persons who have learned to swim by a few tri

| perished, with the exception of a Carabee, who, without with the jacket. ing the earlier disappearance of objects when situated lower

being aided by a plank, or other morsel of wood that to the ground, than objects whose elevation is greater; might have assisted him, kept himself buoyant upon the

The Alma Mater is a clever little miscellany, publid and which is the case to a certain degree. Mr. Hunt's water for the space of sixty hours, supporting hunger,

er at Glasgow, consisting of original pieces by the stude manner of accounting for this occurrence is, however, ab- thirst, and the violence of the tempest which caused the / of the University of that city. In our next number surd.

purpose appropriating one of the stories in this pleas The differ

air at the bot
shohoito loss of the vessel, and at last landed at a small creek,
and communicated the news of the wreck which had hap-

little volume.
of a post four feet in height, compared with the density at
the top, must be very trifling indeed. Neither, in my

Gipsies. The first appearance of gipsies in Eu opinion, is the disappearance of the chalk line at the foot

was about the year 1417. They did not reach Eogh COMPLETION OF THE TUNNEL UNDER THE TOWN till about a century after. Their present numbers, ini of the post owing to the curvature, which will also be very

OF LIVERPOOL, CONNECTED WITH THE MAN- rope, are estimated at between 700,000 and 800,000 trifling, and which is overcome a hundred-fold by the

CHESTER RAILWAY.

"I live in Julia's eyes,” said an affectionate dandy height of the eye. The disappearance of objects, or parts

Colman's hearing. “I don't wonder at it," replied Ger of objects, situated closer to the ground, arises from the On Saturday last the final communication between the shafts of the Railway Tunnel was effected; and there is

"since I observed she had a stye in them when I w greater obscurity which prevails close to the surface of the

now an uninterrupted passage from the intended depôt ground than in a more elevated position, where the light

near Wapping, to the deep cutting at Edge-hill. This and the object is more perfect. I am also inclined magnificent work is about 2200 yards in length, 22 feet

The Beauties of Chess. to believe that were the ground beneath the object made wide, and 16 feet high ; it is almost entirely cut through white, and thus made capable of reflecting the light, that the solid rock, but which, in several instances, is so shat. it would continue longer visible. It has long been consienconcitered and broken, and occurs in such thin beds, or layers,

Ludimus effigiem belli."-VIDA. as to render it necessary to insert an arch of brick work for dered a proof of the earth's spherical shape, that ships, in the security of the roof. Numerous droppings of water, approaching us, first exhibit their rigging, &c. and lastly which issued through the pores of the rock, have been

SOLUTION TO STUDY CLXXXV, WHITE.

BLACK the hull. Of the earth's rotundity there no longer exists a successfully stopped by the application of Roman cement.

1 Queen ......H-6

1 Queen ......doubt: but that the disappearance of the hull of the ship, I Looking at the extent and magnitude of this undertaking, with all the difficulties inseparable from such a work, and

2 Queen ...... H-7X 2 King... .....H-7 in going from us, is entirely caused by a segment of the considering that it is little more than eighteen months

3 Castle ......H-IX 3 Queen ......Hearth's circumference intervening between the eye of the since it was commenced, (during which time no less than

4 Castle ......H-6X 4 King......... spectator and this object, I consider rather doubtful; and 160,000 tons of stone have been removed from beneath

5 Castle ......H-1X MATE. I have often felt inclined, when witnessing this occurrence, the surface, and made subservient to the purposes of

SITUATION FOR STUDY CLXXXVI. to ascribe it to the greater obscurity prevailing close to the improvement above,) we cannot but be astonished at the

rapidity of the operations which have effected it. We | surface, than does exist where the masts, &c. are seen re.

White to move and win with the pawn in seren D understand that preparations are making for lighting it without taking the black pawn, or suffering it to be me lieved by tbe light of the horizon. There is no doubt that, with gas, and when this is done, the public will be ad. from the figure of the earth, the hull should first disappear; mitted to a sight of it. It is expected that there will be a but I should searcely ascribe the disappearance which the a sufficient current of air from the bottom to the top. to

Black. hull of a ship experiences, in proceeding from us, to this

his answer all the purposes of ventilation. We regret to say

that the opening of the final communication, on Saturday cause, at least in ordinary cases. evening, was attended with an accident of rather a serious

V 8 3 a

d . A I would beg leave to ask some of your calculating cor

nature. So eager were the miners (who had been labourrespondents ( Mathematicus for instance) what a segment ing many a weary hour within the sound of each other's of the earth's circumference amounts to for fifteen or twenty blows) to put an end to their toil and anxiety, and receive miles; and if it would hide an object fifteen or twenty

the reward promised to their exertions, that they forgot the

caution which was necessary on such an occasion. The feet in height ?-I am, yours, respectfully,

men on one side had prepared a blast, and had called to June 7th, 1828.

A. M.

their fellow-workmen on the other side to warn them of
it, but, in the bustle of the moment, the call had not been

heard, and so slight was the partition between them, that,
SWIMMING FEATS.

on the blast going off, it forced its way completely through,

and three men (one of whom was an intelligent super. We thought we had already exhausted all the well re

intendent, who was directing the operations) were con. corded instances of extraordinary swimming, having taken siderably burnt by the gunpowder; but we are glad to find some pains with a subject on which we always enter con that they are all likely to recover.- Tuesday's Advertiser. amore. On looking, however, into Clias's Elementary Course of Gymnastic Exercises, we met with an instance

Specimen of Wood-turning. We have at our office

e what we consider a great curiosity, and which may be seen of genuine swimming, (by which we mean, not floating exhibited in the window just over our letter-box. It is with the stream), which excels any thing we have hitherto made of boxwood, about a foot in length, the lower part, laid before our readers; and we regret that more particu. or pedestal, resembling, in size and shape, the queen-piece

B C D E F G H lars of the feat are not supplied.

ot' a set of chessmen ; at the other extremity is a small
knob, about the size of a put. The intervening piece,

WHITE
" In September, 1821, (says Mr. Clias,) an English which connects these two, is a continuation of the same
officer, of the name of Smith, swam across the lake of wood, not thicker than a fine pack-thread. When the
Geneva from Morges to Amphion, a distance of seven pedestal rests on the table, the knob at the top, by its com.

To Correspondents. miles and a half, and back, without stopping." If, as parative weight, bends the slender connecting thread into seeins very likely, in a lake, Captain Smith had no stream a curve, as a heavy ear of wheat bends the straw. It was in his favour, we repeat that this is a more surprising feat turned in a lathe by Thomas Ollis, turner, of Liverpool,

COMPLETION OF THE EIGHTH VOLUME OF THE KALEIDER than any we have yet recorded. If he gwam at the “ top and it has been very much admired by all who have seen

this day fortnight will complete of his speed” all the time, which was impossible, he could lit.- Edits. Merc.

eighth volume; and the interesting and valuable not have been less than twelve hours immersed, but the

recommended by An Old Friend is intended to forma probability is that he did not average one mile in the hour, Great Curiosity.-A gentleman in this town lately pre: the contents of the first number of our ninth Focus and that fifteen or sixteen hours must have elapsed be- sented Mr. Egerton Smith with what is considered a great The UNHAPPY PAIR, OR THE CoxsCIENCE-STRICRES ! tween his setting out and returning. The following ex- curiosity. It consists of upwards of two hundred leaves of - This affecting and moral tale is given entire la traordinary instance of the power of remaining immersed the palm or some other tree, on both sides of which are in sent number, of which it occupies nearly two parte, in the sea, is given in Capt. Clias's work, on the authority scribed some Eastern characters, written with a pointed SPECIMENS OF THE ELDER POETS.-We shall next we of Vancouver.

instrument, probably resembling the Roman Stylus. The sume our series of selections from the Elder Poets "The Carabees, expert at every thing, are particularly leaves, in shape and colour, exactly resemble a two-foot The Duke of Gloucester's speech on the abolition of Silen so in the art of swimming, as if they were born in the Gunter's scale of boxwood, and they are gilt on the edges.

shall have a place in the next Kaleidoscope. water, and formed for it; they swim like fish; the women There are eight lines of manuscript on each side of the

| We have received the lines of an Old Contributer. acquit themselves as well as the men. When a canoe leaf, so that the whole will contain between three and overturns, which happens very frequently, because they four thousand lines. Mr. Cohan, professor of music, in carry too much sail, they absolutely lose nothing of their this town, from whom Mr. Smith received this curiosity, I Printed, published, and sold. every Tuesday, by baggage, and their being drowned is a thing never heard states that it is a Burmese Bible. Mr. Smith has presented and Co., at their General Printing Office, Low of." We see on these occasions the children swimming it to the Liverpool Royal Institution.

| Liverpool, and to be had of all Booksellers.

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