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" What a vicked willain !” exclaimed Betty: “ but do , yet the distance in losing sight of them would, in some figures painted thereon, are both in the same atmome what is the Wigs."
| degree, depend on any peculiar lustre the sun might at sphere precisely. Why, the Wigs is them that backs Charley, and the moment spread behind the object looked at; and he
and he .R. G. H. makes no allowance for difference of magni. hes to get all the pensions and snug births to them
tude in objects; does he expect that two inches of the es," answered the valet.
will see, by the two simple lines that I have drawn, that, post should remain visible as long as the whole post ? But why do vou call them Wigs!" inquired the per- arter the eye directs its natural course, according to the | The experiment has not been fairly made. If the top as ring housemaid.
elevation of the individual whose eye is directed, it will well as the bottom of the post were equally whitened, I Faith, I can't tell that Betty," replied Dick ; " but strike the ground; and if from that part the ground took have no doubt that it would be distinguishable from the laps Mister Butler knows."
insame distance, though the marks on both would fade a sloping direction, the base of the post would be visible It is impossible to say," responded the butler, laugh
from the sight before the post itself disappeared, ad. as far beyond the place where he lost sight of the other, as "unless that the T'ories think them a set of stoopids,
mitting that the experiments took place on a “dead wears block-heads on their shoulders !"
from the centre to where he stood, and which the two simple level." But, for the distance on the Prince's Pier, it Well!" exclaimed Dick, “if that isn't the very thing lines, as above stated, will show; for after the eye directs matters little, whether it be level or not, as the height of as a thinking of myself; but do you know why them its natural course on a dead level, according to the eleva. the eye from the ground would be sufficient to overcome its on master's side in the House are called Tories ?" tion of the individual, it strikes the ground, according to
to any curve which might arise from the convexity of the Yes," answered the confident butler : " Tories is
earth. that pitch, and loses sight of the base of the object ; but the in for them that have good places to give away. But
Still, en passant, I must inform R. G. H. that the e along, and let us see what your master is about.”
eye will not rest; it therefore seeks an object, and the Prince's Pier is not a “dead level ;" that a mason's way went this trio up stairs, creeping softly on tip-toe, sight is directed upwards. Now, had Mr. Hunt been of plumb is not calculated to form a " dead level;" as “ the 1 they arrived at the Premier's chamber-door; and true sharp sight, or a sharp shooter, he would, during his plumb line settles into a direction perpendicular to the e, sure enough, they heard him declaiming in grand
1 ) earth's surface, or to a tangent at that point," so that as experiments, have laid himself down upon his belly They, as we have seen, ignorantly supposed that
no two perpendiculars can be parallel, the same base can (excuse the term) or his side, when he would have been Pitt was rehearsing his speech for the morrow; but
not form right angles with more than one, consequently act was, that, according to his general custom, as no. on a dead level, and then cast his eyes along the base of the an extent of ground like the Marine Parade cannot be Ton similar occasions, by several of his relatives, he posts, and, if there were no irregularities on the ground, leveled by such an instrument. repeating, during his slumber, the whole of the argu- he would have seen the same height as far as the natural
If increase of density be the cause of the hull of a ship ts ohich he had used in the House of Commons during eye would carry sight; and, with respect to his further
disappearing first at sea, why do the masts and rigging arlier part of the evening.
seem to grow out of the horizon when a ship approaches ? ridiculous proof, by referring to the signals at Bidston- Why is the horizon itself so much defined ? If density
hill, so much elevated above him, the same thing will of atmosphere were the cause, the horizon would fade Correspondence.
equally apply, but in an exactly reverse ratio; for those away gradually, and become blended with the sky, instead poles being elevated so much above him, bis eye strikes of forming a marked line, as we see it does.
| Without saying any thing of the circumstance of the the ground before he can see the base, and it is at once FIGURE OF THE EARTH.
earth always throwing a round shadow in eclipses of the directed upwards, and where the back ground does not moon, which can only be done by a spherical body; withTO THE EDITOR.
interrupt his weak sight, the poles are visible; but if he out mentioning the obstinacy of individuals in main8,- I have read with much attention, in your valuable wished to see the base of the poles from where he stood, taining their own opinions;" and without " affirming r of the 16th instant, Mr. Hunt's laboured and very l he must cast his eye up an inclined plane to the elevation / any thing without fear of contradiction," I will conclude ;
but, in so doing, I would beg leave to hint, “ Ne sutor ive description of the very grand discovery which he of the poles, and those poles must stand upon a base no
ultra crepidam."-Yours, &c. he has made, and of his refutation of the principles broader than their own base, with a perpendicular fall be
MATHEMATICUS. erly laid down as convincing proofs of our earth being hind, to admit the full rays of light to their base, as in ieal. He has, indeed, laboured bard, and been at it this way. And as to his speaking of the density of the
DAINTY BITS. ing, noon, and night; that labour will, however, be atmosphere near the earth, it is quite ridiculous ; it is noI to be productive of nothing, nay, not even a little thing but the short stature of man, in looking at elevated
TO THE EDITOR. e, for that would have been a saving point, when we situations, that does not enable his eye to reach the base SIR,—I was the individual alluded to in the letter of An are his grand exploits to the mountain that would of the object; and, in horizontal views, his elevated station | Epicure, wbich you were good enough to put into my brought forth so much, when so little was produced. directs his eye to the ground, according to his elevation,
hands. I see nothing objectionable in it, and you have
my leave to publish it, together with any comment you 1, however, readily excuse Mr. Hunt, for I once and it then seeks relief by casting that inquiring eye up
may consider necessary. ht I had made a grand discovery ; and I was so in- wards, and then the summit only can be seen, or as low in From a determination not only to conquer prejudice, ed with my little bantling while I was privately proportion as the back ground may be clear and uninter- but to be of service to man, I have made every sacrifice 10 it. that I really thought nobody knew any thing I rupted, with a clear atmosphere behind, and with a per- of my own feelings, and in reply to Epicure beg to inform yself; but when I brought the little fellow out, and pendicular fall of ground behind the obiect. J. F. him, that I have partaken of the animals he has named,
and many others in addition, and that I have relished ter people see him, I found that I had been dandling! Duke-street, May 22, 1828.
them much better than the common food. I have no desire in hillle thoughts to such a pitch, that, at last, I was • The figure here referred to is a right angled triangle, with
to make proselytes now; but I shall be prepared, at a iced that I had no more brains than my infant offthe eye looking up the hypothenuse.
proper season, to communicate to the world some obser' I did not, however, put forth, as Mr. Hunt has
vations. As a real luxury I would recommend the foré my discovery as being “ without the fear of contra
quarter of a rat to Epicure; or, if he be what he calls
himself, I shall be most happy to see him, and give him
TO THE EDITOR. 1;" and it is a pity that he has not either taken
Sir,-In your last number I observed a letter signed trouble. ime to consider of his discovery, or consulted some
a treat of that or other dishes, which will cost nothing but
I can assure him that a peck of frogs and a who has more brains than himself; for I think I || R. G. Huni, and as I had no doubt that Mr. H.° was
sucking pup would be esteemed, by me, a valuable pre. joking with the public, I indulged myself with a hearty bow, by the following simple explanation, that his I laugh. But joking should not be carried on at the exel
sent, or any thing else that is a rarity, and that is caten discovery, illustrated by the posts at the Marine
in other countries. pense of truth, and truth, I think, has been totally sacri. ficed in R. G. Hi's sage epistle. Still, as he is so con- Ljudice in this country, both in our temporal and spiri.
· We have many specimens of the bad effects of pre7, is without sense or reason; and that his hypois quite childish and ridiculous. fident that he is right, I may possibly be wrong, for two
tual state; and where prejudice is productive of evil, the admits that the Parade is a dead level; but yet he conflicting opinions cannot both be true.
sooner it is eradicated the better : somebody must begin, Now, Sir, the proposition which R. G. H. so con. »t see that he destroyed that level by the height of idently advances I do clearly assert is not correct.
and I will promise not to play a second fiddle in the
part. I have subdued my own prejudices for the good of I wise head, making a certain perpendicular height Without vapouring about dead levels, concave or convex
others and myself, and I trust the example will be folbat level, from his feet to the height of his head. surfaces, I will merely inform him what the diminished
lowed by those who like substantial and dainty bits. I do not know whether he is four feet nothing (one density is, from which he will be enabled to judge whether
| Next October he shall have a new Cook's Oracle, if all g John's men) or six feet three ; but, however, the it be sufficient to “ account for these phenomena."
be well with my real name, and not as I am, Sir, yours, The diminution in density for an altitude of 80 feet
AN INDIVIDUAL NOT 100 MILES height, the greater distance he would be enabled
&c. (which is about that of a ship) is no more than .003, the
FROM LOW-HILL. he base of the posts; and from his losing the base density of the atmosphere at the earth's surface being , I should think he was a tall man.
assumed as unity; and for the altitude of the posts on accompanying sketch' will show, that, as he stands the Marine Parade, (supposing it to be four feet,) the
Tide Table. diminution in density will not exceed .00015. A quantity and directs his eye on the line of the Parade,
so small cannot, I am convinced, produce the effects his sight at the posts, he will soon lose sight of described by your correspondent.--I will ask R. G. H.,
Days. Morn. Buen.Height. Pestivals, &e. e of them, exactly in proportion to the height of his if I may be allowed, ** Sic parva componere magnis,"
h. m. h. m. ft. in. rson, when contrasted with another of a shorter or whether he ever saw a kite in the air ? if he did, he will Tuesday: 10.9 48/10 1115 2
Wednesdayll 10 32 10 52 15 9 St. Barnabas. stature who might be trying the same experiment;
koow that the figures painted on it disappear long before Thursday 12 11 11 11 29 16 i New Moon, 10h. 59m. in. the shape of the kite becomes undefined; nay, that the Friday ...13 11 47- 16 3
(the morning. omit the sketch, which consists merely in one hori. kite is visible till it has only the appearance of a dark spot' Saturday..14 0 4 0 23 16 3 straight line, to represent the Parade, and another, in the sky. 18 difference of density the cause of this?
Sunday....15 0 39 0 56 15 10 20 Sunday after Trinity.
Monday 16 1 13 1 30 15 4
i protected partially from the inroads of the sea by a range adorn the crown, with a delicate plume of white osty of sand. hils; but does not boast a single shrub to break | feathers.
the monotony of the prospect. LEASOWE CASTLE.
This plain, containing WALKING DRESS.-A pelisse of lavender-colom about 220 acres, is now about to be enclosed, and is the gros de Naples, with lapels ornamented with points,
place mentioned as an occasional race-course in Webb's ing back on each side of the bust; each point fini This most romantic edifice has been converted into an Itinerary. In this act the sand-hills are directed to be by a gold button. hotel, for which it is most admirably adapted, as it is not preserved, as a security from the inroads of the Irish Sea."
Where the pelisse closes in
down the skirt, it is cut in square notches, edged 1 distant more than five miles from Liverpool. Mr. Parry, We have not yet procured a copy of the inscription on
have not yet procured a copy of the inscription on rouleau, two or three shades darker than the pelis of Seacombe, and Mr. Bussard, landlord of the Leasowe the monument recording the melancholy death of Mrs.
gold button is placed at the commencement of every Hotel, both keep cars; and the passage between the two Boodie, but we shall take an early opportunity of pub
ration caused by these notches. A plain broad bil places may be made in half an hour. It is impossible to lishing it.
surrounds the border, headed by a rouletu. Then
are à la Marie, with a very broad cuff at the wrist, conceive a more complete retirement than Leasowe Castle,
nating up the arm in a long sharp point. This and the contrast between the noisy and busy town, and
has no collar, and is left very open at the throat the silence and tranquillity of this singular spot, is most
finished by a double frill of very fine lace, of all striking Machines are provided for the use of bathers,
pattern. The hat is formed of gauze ribbons, ser
THE THEATRE. and the Castle itself has ample accommodations for fami
gether in stripes, sea-green and white, in bias, lies. We think, moreover, that the landlord would con Mr. Westerne's singing during the present week has and very long. The hat is also adorned with an el
strings are of the same two colours; they are very sult his own interest if he would convert part of his levels
fully justified the high opinion we last week expressed of profusion of green fancy flowers, of the rose kind, into a bowling-green, and a ground for quoit playing or
| his talents, and we again congratulate Liverpool upon the foliage.
engagensent of the best singer that, in our times, has been archery.
regularly attached to our Theatre. Mr. Westerne unites · On Tuesday, the 27th ult. we had the pleasure to see feeling and judgment to a naturally sweet and flexible
MR. WOOD'S LECTURES.
" Good wine needs no bush," says the proverb this place, of which we had heard much, but which we voice, and highly cultivated ear. He never attempts any
thing which he cannot do with apparent ease to himself;
Se never before had the curiosity to visit ; and we venture lo
those who have had the gratification to attend Mr. W and his distinct articulation is never lost in the most rapid
| most interesting lectures, may say to us that they predict, that Leasowe Castle will, at no distant period, bepassages which he has to execute. He is, besides, one of
no puff. We can assure our readers that notti come a favourite resort for bathers and for jaunting parties. I the best singing actors we have seen on the stage, a com
further from our intention than to disgrace Mr. Wal The dinner on Tuesday, which was considered as a house pliment, which we are, however, obliged to qualify with
a common-place puff paragraph. His lectures are ta warming, was served up in the grand dining-room, com- the admission that this is but negative praise. "
portant, and their merits too generally appreciated,
for such stale devices. We cannot, however, su manding a view of the sea. Several rich Chinese cabinets
| We have been alternately deeply interested and highly
advertisement to pass through the Kaleidoscope still ornament this apartment, as in the time of its late bler's Fate, and Long Tom in the Pilot ; and we anticipate
congratulating the town upon the repetition of his lamented owner, Mrs. Boodie. After dinner, and a rich much gratification in his personation of the nondescript
valuable and entertaining course of lectures. The and profuse dessert, several toasts were given, amongst monster in Frankenstein, of which report speaks in the
course has given the most entire satisfaction, and,
venture to add, that never were lectures delivered which was one to the memory of Mrs. Boodie, wbo, by her highest terms of praise.
more eminently combined the Utile with the humane attention to the poor mariners wrecked on this
Of this gentleman's monster, in Frankenstein, advertised for to-night, a Scotch paper thus reports :-" It is
Mr. Wood, we have heard, has been intrusted coast, has immortalized her dame. There happened to be limpossible for description to do justice to it. It was the
some most valuable and unique drawings, which present two gentlemen who had had personal experience of sublime of the horrific; and, in the commencement, af.
to illustrate the descriptions with which bis this excellent lady's humanity and hospitality, of which fected the whole house as if they had been subjected to
abound. The introductory lecture, the outline of
we annex, may serve as a specimen of the they spoke in so feeling a manner as to moisten more than the operation of a violent electric shock. His pantomime one eye in the company.
these very original, elaborate, and diversified lectia | is beyond all praise, -it possesses every property of speech It seems that this practical
“ INTRODUCTION.-Progress of civilization mark but absolute sound,- it is full of eloquence; and his conChristian used to have articles of wearing apparel always ceptions are vivid with poetry. This was peculiarly
improvements in building, from the rude but to in readiness for the use of such as were wrecked on that striking when he hears music for the first time. It seems
vention of the orders of architecture.-Means by part of the coast. Every attention by which it was pos- to thrill his frame till every fibre vibrates ! It appears
the orders may be distinguished from each other
lumns used by civilized nations for the purpose sible to alleviate the sufferings of the unfortunate objects as if he thinks it palpable to every sense; he looks for lit to the earth and the air : he tries to grasp it,-it ceases,
memorating events of importance.- Pillars of of her care, was bestowed upon them; they were fed, and his being seems to cease along with it; it breathes
stone set up by a rude people for the same per clothed, and nursed by her, with the anxiety of a mother. again, and he revives; and, at length, led by his ear,
Druidical remains.-Stonehenge; its probable In one of the bed-rooms of the castle there is a very spirited follows it, moving tremulously and unsteadily from its
blance to tbe altars of Balagm and Balaak. High engraving of an enormous dog, once in the possession of over-powering influence upon a too sensitive suscepti
of Scripture.--Ancient Celcic and Phenician Won
Beal or Baal.-Inhumav sacrifices.-Cromlechst Mrs. Boodie, with the following pote: bility."
the altars upon which human victims were sacrita • An Alpine mastiff, che largest dog in England, brought
The Gambler's Fate, although a piece of very moderate from Mount St. Bernard, is now at Leasowe Castle. The
merit, is calculated to do much good, by acting as a beacon dog was about a year old when he was received at Leasowe to guard us against the most pernicious vice of gambling,
Tu fiorrespondents. Castle, in May, 1815; his length was then six feet four
against every approach to which too rigid caution cannot inches, and his height, in the middle of his back, two feet
be exercised. Nothing is so easy as to abstain from this seven ipohes; but he is now larger, and is still growing.
| vice, in the first instance, and experience has shown that The TURKISH NATION-We have in reserve for her He saved a lady from drowning since he has been in Eng. nothing is so difficult as to correct the pernicious habit a most interesting account of the manners and ca
of the Turks. when once acquired.
The subject is peculiarly interest land. Dogs of this kind are kept at the convent of Mount
| St. Bernard, for the purpose of discovering and assisting
We must not omit to state that the spikes on the rails present time, when the existence of the Turias opposite the pit doors are a great annoyance to the audi.
is threatened. sbose travellers, who, in crossing the mountain, may have lost their way, or who have, unfortunately, been over
| ence. We heard many complaints of them; and we are SORTES VIRGILIANE.The parody which Tag hassar whelmed and buried in the drifting snow.
much afraid that the tearing of coats will not be the worst an article in a late Saturday's Advertiser is a They are sent that is to be apprehended from them. If, as som
and unintelligible as the original which appears forth in pairs, and when they discover a sufferer, one of
happens, some of the audience in contact with these sharp journal from the pen, we presume, of the er them returns to the convent for further assistance, while
spikes should nod, they may possibly receive most severe We have, in our turn, just opened our Sbakspeare the other remains doing his utmost to extricate the suf : injury; and we do venture to predict that some mis
editor especially in our eye; and we ferer. These dogs are also used as animals of burden, : chief will arise from so dangerous an innovation.
upon the following, not inapplicable, lines and will carry a cwt. of provisions from Bauché to the
“0, dear discretion, how his words are suite Hespice, a distance of eighteen miles.”
The fool hath planted in his memory • The dog here mentioned has been dead several years,
Fashicis for June.
An army of good words; and I do know
A many fools that stand in better place, but there is now at the castle a much larger animal of the
Garnish'd like him, that, for a tricksy Word, same breed, which actually measures eight feet from the Dinner Party DRESS.-Adress of celestial gros des Defy the matter." nose to the tip of the tail.
Indes, trimmed at the border with two rows of pointed Then turning from Shakspeare to that old, The following notice of Leasowe Castle, from Orme
flounces, falling over each other, and the edges bound with grapher, Johnson, we actually hit upon the follo
satin. These pointed flounces are beautifully fluted; the sage, still with reference to the same party: 1 rod. Cheshire, may be acceptable to our readers : upper one finished at the head by cinque.foil ornaments “ If he has not so much fire, he must be allowed
" New Hall, afterwards Mockbeggar, and pow Leasowe in silk, pointed and edged round by narrow roule aux of more smoke." Castle, was occasionally the residence of its proprietors, the satin. The body is engerbe, and the sleeves à la Marie, By way of finish, we then tried Hadibras, whom Egertons, of Oulcon. After an intermediate alienation, it confined by bands, and on each band, at the outside of the us with the following: is now, by purchase, the property of the widow of Lewis arm, is a buckle. At the wrist is a cuff formed of flutings,
"All which he understood by rok Boodie, Esg. It consists of a call octagonal tower, to four and next the hand a bracelet of dark hair, clasped by a
And, as occasion serv'd, would quoi of the faces of which, square turrets are attached, termi. I cameo. Round the bust is a very broad falling tucker of
No matter whether right or wrong
They might be either said or sub nating in gables, which rise above the central building. white blond ; and a white crape fichu is worn under the The gardens are surrounded with a large fosse, or mound, dress, buttoning down the front, and surmounted by a and disposed in terraces and alcoves. It is situated to triple ruff of lace or blond, just beneath the throat. Hat Printed, published, and sold, coery Tuesday, DVD wards the middle of a large level plain, called the of white crape, ornamented under the brim with blue and and Co., at their General Printing Office, Learowe, which stretches along the end of Wirral, and is white satin, en spatula. Ribbons of the same lo colours Liverpool, and to be bad of all Booksellers.
Literary and Scientific Mirror.
millar Miscellany, from which all religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending LITERATURR, CRITICISM, Men and (BRS, AMUSEMENT, elegant EXTRACTS, POETRY, ANECDOTES, BIOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY, the DRAMA, Arts and SCIENCES, WIT and Satire, Fashions, NATURAL HISTORY, &c. forming dsome ANNUAL VOLUME, with an INDEX and TITLE-PAGE. Persons in any part of the Kingdom may obtain this Work from London through their respective Booksellers.
116. – Vol. VIII.
LIVERPOOL, TUESDAY, JUNE 17, 1828.
Price 3 d.
that the hundred of Wirral was, at some former period, was, about seventy years ago, swept entirely away an island, and that the Dee and Mersey have com- by the violence of the Mersey, and the communicamunicated with each other by more than one chan- tion with Ince having been long lost, this place is nel. Ormerod endeavours to show that Wirral was now without any legal road, the trackway over the cut off from the other parts of Cheshire by the sea marshes to Stanney being only on sufferance. running through the valley adjoining the Brixton. “It is a generally acknowledged fact (says Ormerod) hills. There is reason also to believe that the sea that, at some distant period, the tides have risen concommunicated formerly with Wallasey Pool and siderably higher on the western coast tban at preBromborough Pool.
sent; and this is borne out by the appearance of the It appears that the commissioners of the Chester banks of all the Lancashire, as well as the Cheshire,
Canal originally had it in contemplation to re-unite rivers; even without acceding to the common opiLLANEOUS AND DESULTORY FACTS, CONJEC- the Dee and the Mersey, through the Brixton val. nion, that the Ribble was once accessible for ships LES, OR RECORDS, CONNECTED WITH LIVER-ley, instead of by the present cut.
as high as the Roman station of Ribchester. With L. ITS RIVER AND ESTUARY,- THE RIVER DEE.
In an editorial article on this subject, which ap- reference to this, several channels have been pointed HUNDRED OF WIRRAL, &c. &c.
peared in the Kaleidoscope of Jan. 8, we stated that, out in the account of Wirral, by which the waters
in Camden's Britannia, there is a map of Britannia of the Mersey and the Dee would have been made to inued from the Kaleidoscopes of Jan. 8, 22, and May 13.)
Romana, collected from Ptolemy, in which the broad communicate between that hundred and Brixton,
estuary of the river Dee is distinctly laid down, through a valley yet marked with shells and sea-sand, following desultory memoranda are laid be- while the river Mersey is represented as a narrow by a tide only a few feet higher than usual; and the ur readers, without much attention to order or river, without any estuary at all.
same stream would also be led through other valleys, gement, as a supplement to our former topo- Mr. Matthew Gregson, in his Fragments of Lanca- between West Kirkby and Wallasey, and the rest of ical notices on the same subject.
shire, gives a representation of an ancient draw. Wirral.” leveral of the preceding numbers of the presenting, from which we have made the subjoined very! To show what little dependance can be placed upon oriner volumes of the Kaleidoscope, we have rude outline, the object of which is to confirm the ancient topographical notices of Liverpool, we rebed a series of interesting articles on the re-opinion we have maintained, that the channel be- quest the attention of our readers to the following ble changes which are presumed to have taken tween the extreme point of Wirral and the opposite modern description of our good old town, which we in the estuary of the river Mersey, and the ad shore of Lancashire was formerly much narrower happened to meet with, a few years ago, in a work coasts of Cheshire and Lancashire. In these than it is at present.
entitled Pantalogia. Our epicures, and gentlemen we have, of course, adverted to those re
LANCASHIRE, 1598. W. S. R.
of the turf, as they read it, will sigh over the exble relics of forest trees which are sunt copied from a Drawing, No, 6159, H. L. MSS., by M. GREGSON,
tinction of the turbot, salmon, and the five-mile race in near Crosby, and on the opposite shore of
course :-tire, stretching even below the ordinary low
“The Mersey, upon which the town is situated, mark.
abounds with salmon, cod, founders, turbot, plaice, have adduced pretty strong presumptive proof
and smelts, and, at full sea, is about two miles be estuary of the Mersey, which is now so ca
over. In the neighbourhood are frequent horse races, is, was, at a distant period, extremely narrow,
on a five-mile course the finest, for its length, in hat some of those tremendous sand-banks
England.” have proved fatal to so many seamen entering
The following paragraph, connected with Liverving Liverpool, have, formerly, constituted a
pool, appeared some time since in one of the Liverf the main land; also that a mere insignificant
pool papers, we believe the Courier. Iflowed between the Lancashire shore and the & Rock Point. In prosecuting such an inquiry,
LIVERPOOL IN THE YEAR 1766. must, necessarily, be left to conjecture and pro
Messrs. Gore and Son have just reprinted a inference, as the documents which could alone h undoubted evidence of the changes in ques
curiosity of its kind, - The Liverpool Directory for the Lancashire
year 1766. This publication contains “an alphaere either wholly wanting, or of extremely From Ormerod, and other writers, we learn that, betical list of the merchants, tradesmen, and prinful character.
in the reign of Elizabeth, Wallasey had a little port, cipal inhabitants of the town of Liverpool, with river Mersey has been so much narrowed and to which there belonged three barques and fourteen their respective addresses,” together with a few led a pod by successive embankments and piers, men ;-a very inconsiderable number, but, never- pages
or pages of curious matter. We have examined this
ancient Directory with great pleasure. Among to veneral inference, as to the gradual advance theless, nearly one-fourth of the number of barques
the names which it contains, we find the ancestors revession of the sea, can be deduced from a com- and mariners which were then employed in the in- of several of the present inhabitants of Liverpool.
of the present average depth of the stream, fant port of Liverpool, on the opposite shore; as, in They are, however, few; and, from the circumits depths at former periods; and if such a the same year, 1565, a census, extant in the town re- stance of most of the names of the leading, as well as
ion would afford satisfactory data for our pur-cords, states the entire number to consist of twelve opulent inhabitants, not being found in the Directory, We should not know where to look for them, barques, navigated by seventy-five sailors.
we may infer, either that their ancestors had not
settled in the town so early as the year 1766, or, if donbtful whether any chart of the river Mersey. We gather, from Ormerod, that a tract of land, pos- they had, that they had not, by honourable industry Sestuary existed a century ago.
sessed by the Pooles from an early period, formerly and commercial enterprise, vindicated their claim ere are very plausible grounds for concluding called Green Worthe, and, lately, Pooles' Wharf, to a place in a Directory of the "merchants, trades.
men, and principal inhabitants of the town of Liver- , on all occasions in which the emotions had no part: but | Thougb it was a menial office which Charles Warner het pool.”
where the feelings and the judgment were at variance, the and by no means entitling him to any equality with combat was short, because it was unequal.
family,--yet, from a knowledge of the high respectabi It is curious to observe the changes which have
Charles Warner was scarcely twenty-one, when his en- of his family connexions, Lord G. upon all occasi taken place since the year 1766, in the streets which
thusiastic turn of mind led him abroad, where, for four treated him, if not with the familiarity of an equal, were, at that period, deemed the principal ones in
years, he revelled in all the luxury in which a southern with the easy politeness which he felt to be due to him the town. Streets which are now inhabited by the climate. poetic associations, and the charms of music and a gentleman, and a man of education. With Maria.al humblest classes of our fellow-townsmen, were, in painting, have power to steep the mind of an ardent wor reasons were added ; Charles Warner possessed a 1 those days, the abodes of the wealthy and respectable shipper of nature and art, in their various forms of beauty. stock of that kind of knowledge which she prized : be inhabitants. Thus, Thomas-street, Atherton street, / He returned to England, with an extended knowledge of well acquainted with every branch of polite literature : and other streets in the vicinity of Pool-lane, Castle literature; a perfect acquaintance with the modern lan could speak most of the modern languages Agenda street, and Dale-street, were, in 1766, genteel re- guages; and with no contemptible judgment in matters was an excellent musician ;-and besides, Maria sidences. Indeed, traces of the ancient respectability of vertu,
total stranger to pride, and would have been affable al 1 While abroad, Charles Warner was no spendthrif--no one under her father's roof: above all, the subor of most of the streets in those neighbourhoods may
gambler--no sensualist; his pleasures were few and refined; situation in which Charles Warner became known ul be seen at the present day, good buildings in them
but his love of literature and the fine arts, and the eagerly tended rather to remove than to increase the dia still remaining, although converted to other pur
sought society of men of letters (who do not always disdain which would otherwise have marked her first interce poses than those for which they were then used. to mingle with the pursuits of learning, others less worthy,) with a young man in her own station ;-he was her fat Water-street, Union-street, Lord-street, Pool-lane, and were the source of considerable expenses; and when he re- secretary, and reserve of that kind would be ridica King-street were among the most respectable streets turned home, after, as I have said, an absence of four Hers was not a situation that was free from danger, at the period of which we are speaking ; and Wol. years, during which he had lost his only surviving parent, was in Charles Warner a gentleness, and a diffidence stenholme, Williamson, and Cleveland squares were he found that he had almost entirely dissipated his origi. more captivating than the arrogance which too ofta genteel neighbourhoods.
nally slender patrimony. This was nothing different from companies intellectual power,--and more winning, The extent of the town, in the year 1766, may be
what he had expected ; and if, at any time during his the high-bred assurance which stars and coronetsch as readily discovered by this ancient Directory as
sojourn abroad, this thought occurred to him, he silenced upon their wearers. He was not indifferent to femak from the inspection of a map; and the contrast
it in the reflection, that he could not employ his fortune fections,-or rather, he was peculiary susceptible of
better,-perhaps, not even so advantageously, as in storing impression ; more too, at this particular juncture, which is presented between the ancient and modern bis
bis mind with that knowledge, which he trusted would be perhaps at any former period of his life. He bad a town, shows the surprising progress which Liverpool a sufficient patrimony of itself.
returned from abroad, where he had resided during has made in population, in wealth, and in com- Charles Warper was now twenty-five; and it was not years, and now, for the first time since his return, he mercial greatness in the short space of sixty years. an act of prudence only, but of necessity, to endeavour to an opportunity of contrasting the women of foreign d
The list of stage-coaches in this Directory is very turn to some account the advantages which he possessed. with those of his own country: he had seen bande brief. Two coaches went to London in three days, At this time, Lord G. had newly taken his seat in the women abroad; and had been occasionally captiraal during the winter season, and in two days during the House of Peers; and very shortly after, he was the origi. | their charms, both of person and conversation ; but summer season. There was one stage-coach to Man. i nator of a proposition respecting some new immunities and deepest of all charms, that pure femininenessinat chester, three days a week, and one to Kendal, every
advantages to be granted to a certain association for the tating apprehensiveness-that enchanting compete Sunday. The list of waggons is equally brief. We
advance of learning. The proposal met with considerable strength and weakness, of deep sensibility and skrin
opposition ; and Charles Warner, without feeling any modesty, distingirishing the women of England from were amused by reading that the book-kecper of the particular anxiety upon the subject, vet, desirous of bring others upon earth, he had never met with abroad: London stage-wargons might be " spoke with every ing himself forward, and, perhaps, of recommending him. now found, in its fulness, in the daughter of Lord G day in the week, upon 'Change, at 'Change hours.” self to the notice of those who might assist his views, wrote The daughter of his patron was no fit subject for Cla
and published a pamphlet upon the subject, dedicating it thoughts; and no fit object for his attentions; mrd
to Lord G. who was pleased with the performance, and dare to offer her any. For many months after The Houquet.
being then in want of a secretary, offered the situation to Warner became an inmate in Lord G's. family, he " I have here only made a nosegay of culled powers, and have
its author, who thankfully accepted of it, conscious that have been surprised at the remotest hint of any feet
he was every way qualified to discharge its duties, and tertained by him for Maria, other than that of brought nothing of my own but the thread that lies them."
believing that he had found the speedy accomplishment of flowing from duty to his patron. It was long er THE STORY OF THE UNHAPPY PAIR, AND THE
his desires. Alas, unhappy Charles! would that thy de- covered, that, to gaze upon Maria, was the occante CONSCIENCE-STRICKEN FATHER. sirès bad rested here!
which he most delighted ; and that to keep his At the time when Charles Warner was appointed secre- within the compass of the page upon which his eft
tary to Lord G. and became an inmate at --- Park, his fixed, cost him an effort. (From Solitary Walks through many Lands.)
Lordship bad been ten years a widower; Lady G. having! Lord G. was a learned, rather than a literary in
died early in life, leaving one child, an only daughter, mean, bis studies were conversant more with philosophy The noxious vapours of a summer's sky,
then eight years of age. Since the death of her mother, with the belles lettres ; and more with classical, that The gathering clouds that darken in the air,
Maria had lived with her father, sometimes at Park, modern literature: he knew, however, that his op! Have vent in storms; for, tho' the lightnings fly,
and sometimes in London; and about a year before the not the studies most to his daughter's taste, dor, 18 And thunders roll: tho' hurricanes may tear
period to which my narrative refers, Lord G. had placed the fittest to form the exclusive education of The face of nature, and the dread blast bear
his daughter at the head of his table, and made her the woman of rank and fashion : he had himself grounds Destruction on its wings; these cannot stay mistress of his establishment.
Jin a knowledge of the dead languages, which me But earth and skies again are calm and fair ;
I will not attempt any description of Maria. It is diffi- thought essential to a knowledge of her own; 25 Nature, more lovely, and serene, and gay:
cult, thirty years after a face has been seen, to obtain | she had acquired a thorough knowledge of those Her storms but casting their origin away,
very accurate information respecting its features and ex- plishments for which she evinced a taste, and is
pression. All accounts, however, concur, in ascribing her years, stored her mind with a large shared Not so the mind :--conscience creates within,
loveliness to it. I have seen a miniature of her, taken im- torical and other useful information, which his own Storms, that can never their own springs dispel; mediately after her mother's death, in which she is painted furnished, he felt Charles Warner to be an acqua For tho' they may an outward calmness win,
as a sweet fair child, with blue eyes, and a mirthful coun.
thought Maria might be better Like the volcano; yet, beneath is hell.
tenance; and I have also seen a picture of her mother, his knowledge upon many subjects, to wrich he he Mem'ry will not be chained down in the cell
taken just after her marriage, when she was hardly twenty. but little attention himself. With this view, of deep oblivion; tho' the flame burn low,
one. In this picture, it is easy to trace the resemblance would purposely lead the conversation to subjects Yet, lives the fire that time can never queil;
between her and her child, which is indeed remarkably with literature and the fine arts : and then, Charla And life, one peaceful moment cannot know,
strong, allowing for the difference in years; and if, at the dence would forsake him; and as he spoke often If, mingled in its stream, remorse's poison flow.
I period when my narrative commences, Maria had fulfilled lones of the earth, who have left behind them them
the promise of her childhood, and resembled her mother, ble monuments upon which men gaze, aod tur Of the very early years of Charles Warner, I have I am warranted in saying, that tradition has not erred in from, silent and thoughtful; as be spoke of like nothing to relate; would to God those that succeeded ascribing loveliness to her. Of her mind, her history is, that have given birth to them, and painted to were as barren of events! He was descended from rather unfortunately, too true an interpreter.
skies, and sunny seas, and perfumed airs, and an ancient family, and bis immediate ancestors occupied During the two years that hal elapsed since Maria had that swells and dies among Italian vales, and the the middle stations in life. When but little removed from emerged from childhood, and which had been spent for light of a southern night, as it falls among the childhood, he showed that love of reading, which was after the most part at Park, she had seen at her father's relics of an older world, and as his language, eta wards matured into a decided literary turn: and iong be. table, and at those of his guests, the gay, the gallant, the enthusiam, or unconsciously softened into tend fore that period might be seen the dawnings of that ardent high in birth, and the high in intellect; and the young, most embodied, in a visible shape, the objecise eathusiasm which, in after life, proved so baneful an enemy the beautiful, the accomplished daughter of Lord G. the quence, then would Maria breathlessly meet to prudence. As Charles Warner grew up, he was a fa. heiress, too, of his wealin, soon siw among her suitors upon him, the kindling of enthusiasm mingin vourite with every body: he was so amiable; so obliging; many who might be deemed worthy of her smiles; but no mildness, and even when he had ceased to sp SÓW ll inform
rcat sbare of natural one had cained the favour of Maria. The world said that would look upon bin eloquence, without the vanity of displaying it; and was Maria was proud. It would have been better for Maria blaze of beauty and intelligence, that seemed remarkable for that gracefulness in manner and appear had the world been right.
tial.-And Maria, like Charles, knew not, for a los ance, which is not the result of study,--and which seems It was in this posture of affairs --when Lord G. was re- the nature of her feelings, or that to listen to be a natural inheritance in some, who have never par. siding at Park, after parliament had broken up in the was her chiefest pleasure. taken of the advantages generally supposed necessary to its month of July, when Maria had been two years emancipa. Lord G. rather encouraged, than repressed the acquisition. Charles Warner was by no means deficient ted from childhood, and was then nineteen, that Charles of those occasions upon which Charles' talents in judgment: he could reason justly, and act discreetly, Warner entered upon the duties of secretary to Lord G.mation were displayed : he admired the natura
m mingling wiki
Il sbe shrunk benath bce, that seemed almost
harles' talents and tell ed the natural daques I which his secretary was master, and had some remote then, to a wretched mother of famishing children. I think, oiber's mouth, and firmness returned to him: he instantly ews of making it useful to him in another sphere. The my father, if you were to see me you would pity me, and re- seized the pen and wrote, affixing to the cheque the signature ibjects which formed these conversations, he felt to be lieve me, perhaps, even forgive me; for error may surely be he was once so familiar with, that of the cruel father of ther a relaxation from his own drier studies, and he was expiated by an accumulation of suffering. Do not resist this his Maria. Hastily giving to the children a cake, which leased to observe the eagerness his daughter showed to appeal. I am fast sinking beneath the weight of the suffering he had bought to keep them qwet until his return, he went id to her information. His secretary to aspire to be his that presses upon me: and consider, my father, I am not yet out and obtained money for his cheque: he was at home mghter's lover. was a height of daring which he did not twenty-four years old; it would be hard to die so young. before Maria, and when she returned, the floor was covered ntemplate-and his daughter to love Charles Warner, a / You will not suffer your daughter (the sole daughter of your with gold. “Let us live and be happy," said Charles, in a pth of degradation which he would have deemed impos. | house) to end her days like a common outcast. You once tone of seeming gaiety; and then, in a more solemn manble!
loved me, and I love you still: one word of reconciliation ner, "Maria, we will go to a foreign land--we may yet It is needless to detail the progress of what the reader is from you, and my face would be bathed in tears of gratitude be happy,-let us leave this hovel. Come !" Maria made teady prepared to believe : Charles and Maria loved
d Maria loved and affection. I have seen you take children in your arms no reply: she saw determination in his countenance; she ch other; the one, in violation of duty; the other, in
and kiss them. I have two children; the eldest is your knew not from what source wealth had come, nor did she ispite of pride.
image, the other is the likeness of your Maria, as I was once, dare to ask ; but she saw spread out before her the means When matters were thus situated, Lord G.'s parliamen.
not as I am now. If I deserve to suffer, if you cannot pity of existence; and she dressed the children, and made a y duties called him from the retirement of the country,
me, pity my infants, for they have done no harm. May small package of the remnant of rags which were yet London; and being at this time engaged in preparing
Almighty God dispose you to listen to my petition! This is spared, because they had proved below the temptation
probably the last time you will ever be called father by, or read publication certain family papers, to complete which,
na | even of merciless cupidity. In an hour they had left the e translation and transcription of some old manuscripts
the hand-writing of, your once loved, and still dutiful, city behind them, and were waiting the departure of a Te essential, he resolved to commit this duty to Charles
“MARIA. ship, bound for a foreign land. The wind was fair, arner; and as the session was expected to be short, to It is certain, that to this appeal no answer was received. the tide was flowing the vessels were beginning to float. [Fe his daughter in the country, and take with him to Lon. I remark, indeed, some expressions in it that had better
-the sailors were upon the shrouds unfurling the sails,in only such part of his household as he should abso- have been omitted : the recollection of what Lord G.
“ Heave the anchor!” cried the boatswain : "she floats !" tely require. considered a family disgrace, would be only the more bit.
Charles and Maria stand upon the quay. “Oh that an When Charles and Maria knew this determination, their terly renewed by his daughter reminding him, that she
hour were past!” thought Charles ; only a few minutes, st feeling was joy,--their next was fear. We often fear was the sole daughter of his house,-and telling him,
-the minutes fly,--all is ready,-the sails are set,--the e thing we desire ; and, indeed, where any duty must be that her child bore the family lineaments.
anchor up,--the moorings are untying: " Aboard !" crics rificed that we may attain the object of our wishes, these I now approach the climax of my tale.
the captain,--and Charles has placed his foot upon the lings are almost equally balanced. Up to this period, Gradually the horizon darkened around the unhappy plank, when a hand is placed upon his shoulder, Is it tarles and Maria had loved, without willingly com. pair. Every source was dried up; famine came nearer Maria's ?-he turns round, and sees himself surrounded by unicating their feelings to each other; and they almost and nearer at last it stared them in the face.
the officers of justice. Imprisonment--trial--a verdict shed that they might continue uncommunicated. They! It was on the evening of the 30th November, 1794, that of guilty, and sentence of death successively follow. I resaw the trial that awaited them during the absence Charles and Maria, and their children, had not broken will not lead the reader to the cell of the unhappy Charles. Lord G., and mutually feared a disclosure, that would bread for nearly two days. Nine o'clock chimed from -I will spare him the scene between Maria and her bus rtainly affect materially the condition of both. Charles the spire of a neighbouring church; it was the hour when
of a neighbouring church: it was the hour when / band, on the morning of the fatal day. Their children ared for Maria, her father's displeasure ; and Maria Charles and Maria had once been accustomed to take were there too; the tears coursed down their soft cheeks. eaded for him, the loss of patronage.
their frugal evening meal; but this night there was none although they knew not why ;--but they saw their father They judged righty; a sentiment of which two hearts to share. They were sitting in a miserable garret in an and their mother weeping, and the place was dark and dis: conscious, needs but opportunity to be communicated obscure lane; a solitary lamp threw a dim unsteady light mal. As the first bell tolled, Maria fainted, and they car. language. Lord G. left Park, and soon after- upon the bare wall; the patched and shattered window ried her away ; Charles imprinted a last kiss upon ber ards arrived the consummation of their imprudence ; | shook to every gust of the wintry wind, and it was only cold and yet quivering lips, and said, “ Mayest thou never y married, regardless or unmindful of consequences. when a drop of rain fell heavily upon the dying enibers in awake!”. om that hour Maria never more saw her father. the grate, that they showed any sign of existence. Upon It is said, the sun shines alike on the just and on the A detail of the hardships and struggles that fell to the a mat, two little ones were lying, locked in each other's unjust ; ay! and it shines alike, too, upon the happy and of Charles and Maria, after their imprudent union, arms--they had newly fallen asleep: “God be praised," the wretched. That morning it rose upon millions of the uld be profitless, and might be painful to the reader: said Charles, “they sleep at last ! Maria, they shall not gay, and it left them gay at its setting; and the morrow de indeed, were it otherwise, I am not in a situation to starve! when they awake they shall have bread. I will it would again behold them full of life and glee. That tify curiosity. The particulars I have been able to go, and bring bread to them and you.” “ Charles, my day men ate, and drank, and smiled, and said, “ Truly life lect, of the first three years of their marriage, are husband, hear me,-hear your wife! we can bear it a little is a pleasant thing !” What had the world to do with Oly, and hardly authentic enough to entitle them to a longer : you have lived in virtue, let us not end life in dis
us not end life in dis. Charles and Maria ? What was it to then that he was ice in this parratiye. It is natural to think they would honour; it will soon end, Charles, -and were it not for cut off in youth and health, and that the sun would de, as much possible, from the world, that lot, which its these-" Maria stopped, cast her eyes upon her children, rise to morrow upon his grave? What was 'it to them y could not alleviate, and which would be felt to and burst into tears. Charles rose, took his hat, and laid that Maria was broken-hearted, and that, ere morning, more bitter by its neglect. During the first three his hand upon the door. “Do not leave me," said Maria; she found relief in madness? irs of their marriage, Charles occasionally found some " stay, Charles, let us trust in God.” “God has aban: Was that the rabble shout? No; the crowd are silent; erary employment; and this, with the disposal of doned us," said he; “I will dot trust in God." Maria they have learnt that famine impelled the deed: they are I wife's jewels, and the small wreck of Charles' pa- | heard Charles' footsteps rapidly descend the creaking stair, silent as the grave. The men turn away their heads, and mopy, served, during that time, to support a strug- and she sunk upon her knees, and prayed for her husband. the women weep; and, as a shriek of returning sense
with the difficulties of life : demands increased As Charles descended into the street, ten o'clock struck. from the wife of Charles pierces the silence, every soul is th a family ; Charles had but few friends, and of the | The night was dark, and a drizzly rain was falling; the harrowed up, and some mutter deep curses on the law that
he had, no one proffered him assistance; let me say | lamps gleamed upon the wet pavement, and only showed condemned, and on the power that would not save. ther, Charles had no friend. As for Maria's relations, the big drops falling from the houses. Charles walked Charles heard it too; and he shuddered even in the agonies ring the first months of her marriage, they did not en-swiftly forward, and soon found himself on the outskirts of death. I know not whether Maria lived or whether she ely forsake her; they kept up with her that sort of doubtful of the town. "I have no arms," said he; “no matter, I died; nor have I been able to learn the history of her anexion, they gave her that half countenance, which do not wish to injure; I will think of my wife and chil children. Report says Lord G. is childless; and that, at ght be withdrawn or increased as the conduct of Lord G. dren, and I shall not lack strength.” In a few minutes it his death, his domain will revert to the Crown, because he buld point out to them ; but, as soon as it was plain that was put to the test ;-he had judged rightly, for the next has no heir.
would hear of no reconciliation, and that he had for monient he was walking homewards, his hand grasping a ershut the door against both forgiveness and compassion, purse. “They shall not starve to-night,” said he;-he Such are the particulars I have been able to collect of by too, all cast her off. They said, “she deserves to felt no fear--no compunction; he thought of his wife and this unhappy history. Remorse is that cancerous ulcer of ffer! Alas! the sacrifices which we make to avarice children dying, and then pictured his children eating and the mind, which is at first disregarded, and is undiscern pride, the world call worthy; but those that are offered smiling ; and he said to himself, "If I have outraged the ible to the outward eye'; but it eats in and in, and hollows the shrine of nature and tenderness, are esteemed the laws of man, I have obeyed the law of nature." Having out a secret inner chamber for itself, where conscience sits Ispring of low-mindedness and folly. One by one, the provided for the necessities of his famishing wife and chil. enthroned among her thunders, and life becomes a curse : orces of the unhappy pair failed them; and Charles and dren, he reached his own abode, where he found Maria but death, a thing yet more hideous. And the wretch who aria, and their two innocent children, were left, by those sitting as he had left her, weeping, and the children still endures the present hell, only because he dreads one more ho might have raised them up, to sink beneath the taunt asleep. “Awaken the children, Maria,” said he, “and eternal, bears at length in his aspect the reflection of his 'the unfeeling, and the cold gripe of penury.
let them eat; I have brought food.” They opened their tornient. For some time after the catastrophe I have reI have not learnt whether many attempts were made by eyes, and saw bread before them; and Maria smiled when lated took place, Lord G. showed no token of remorse : harles or Maria to obtain the forgiveness of Lord G. she saw her little ones smile, with food in their hands; he mixed in public as he had been wont to do, and was rom one letter, however, which I have recovered, written and, though she knew the morsel was unlawfully obtained, received as he had been accustomed to be received ; the It shortly before the awful events which I have to relate yet she looked with fondness upon her husband. The world seemed to have forgotten the events in which he had ok place, it appears that such attempts had been made; booty that Charles had obtained was but trifling; at the so large a share; but there was one whisperer still,-and id, as this letter throws considerable light upon the condi. end of two days only a small remnant remained. “Let that whisperer was Conscience! Gradually he withdrew in of the unhappy pair, I think it best to transcribe it. me go," said Maria, “and buy food with it.” “I have from public life; and, for twenty-six years, lived in total "MY FATHER,
"14th November, 1794. another use for part of it,” replied Charles; “but go, my seclusion ; and one of the first occasions on which he had " This is the last appeal of your daughter Maria. I have love, and buy bread with this.” The moment Maria was emerged from it was, to originate in parliament a motion 5 hope that you will now grant the forgiveness I have so gone, Charles went out, purchased the requisite paper, for the amelioration of the criminal code. To dive into ten sued for in vain: this time I ask from you not forgive-returned swiftly home, and locked the door. As he took the men's motives is not my business; it may possibly be. ess, but bread. My children, my helpless children! are pepen in his hand it trembled: he laid it down, and raised however, that Lord G. felt it some alleviation of his pain shing beside me, and I have nothing to give them; you have his eye from the paper; his children were opposite; he saw to benefit society at large, as a sort of atonement for the bundance. If you will not aid me as your daughter, give, one of them snatch a morsel of bread, even from the lindividual wrong he had committed