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the same check with the queen at A 5; and if the On one occasion, the ship, when at Liverpool, was partly and the flames subdued with that admirable order white. in the first case, should cover the check with | laden with rock-salt, and as that commodity was then dear, presence of mind wbich are never more apparent than
the mistress of a house which the crew frequented, very ships of war during moments of danger; and on the the queen at D 2, the black must bring his bishop to 1:
improperly enticed Clapperton to bring her a few pounds February, the Asia and Superb weighed their anchorsi B 4; and, on the white's moving pawn to C 3, the black ashore in his handkerchief. After some entreaty, the youth stood out to sea. must take pawn E 4 with his knight, by which he will complied, probably from his ignorance of the revenue laws; While lying at Bermuda, and on the passage out, remain with a better game; but if the white, instead of was caught in the act by a Custom-house officer, and me. thing could exceed Clapperton's diligence in Cischarge covering the check with the queen at D 2. should cover naced with the terrors of trial and imprisonment unless he the duties of his own occupation. Officers, as well as m
consented to go on board the Tender. He immediately received instructions from him in the cutlass exerd with the bishop at D 2, which would be his best move,
es chose the latter alternative, and, after being sent round to and his manly form, and sailor-like appearance on the black must withdraw the queen to C 5, offering the the Nore, was draughted on board the Clorinde frigate, quarter-deck, tended, in the opinion of all who saw exchange of queens with a certainty of being able to push commanded by a very gallant officer, the honourable to fix the attention, and improve the patriotic spirit of his pawn to D5, without losing any thing in position ; Captain Briggs. Here he was ranked as a man before crew. At his own, as well as the other messes, where from which it may be supposed that the above author, in the mast, but feeling a desire to better his situation, he had the honour of being a frequent guest, he was the
addressed a letter, detailing his mishap and recent history, soul and life of the party ; sung a good song, told a mi asserting the probable loss of the black, in consequence of
ou sequence to our friend Mr. Scott, banker, in Annan, who had al- tale, painted scenes for the ship's theatricals, skete his second move, foretels an unmerited defeat. Rui
ways taken a warm interest in the family. Mr. Scott, as views, drew caricatures, and, in one word, was an exa Lopez, a celebrated Spanish writer, made use of the same the likeliest channel that occurred to him, applied to Mrs. ingly amusing and interesting person. Even the Ada move ; and Carrera, who has rigidly criticised it, has General Dirom, of Mount-Annan, who happens to be re- became very fond of him, and invited him to ren
lated to Captain Briggs; and through the influence of that board the Asia, under the promise of speedy proud found no reason for condemning it.
amiable lady, combined with his own professional merit, But the warm work going forward on the Lakes bada (To be continued.)
the brave Clapperton was speedily promoted to the rank of attraction for his enterprising mind, and, having proce midshipmana circumstance which tended, in no mean a passage to Halifax, be bade adieu to the flagshin degree, to fix his destiny, and shape his future fortunes in the regret of every individual on board, from the venuta life. It has often been remarked, that what at first ap. Admiral down to the cabin-boys. From Halifax bey
pears to be a misfortune, is sometimes the happiest thing ceeded to Upper Canada, and shortly after his arrival BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR OF CAPT. CLAPPERTON,
that can befal us; and so it chanced in the present in made a lieutenant, and subsequently appointed to o THE AFRICAN TRAVELLER.
stance. It was Shakspeare's curiosity-love of nature, or mand the Confiance schooner, the crew of which poaching propensities, combined with the zeal of a Justice composed of nearly all the unmanageable characters
Shallow, as a staunch upholder of the Game Laws, that the squadron. To keep these men in order was no Our distinguished countryman, Captain Hugh Clap-induced him to repair to the city of London, become a task; yet his measures were at once so firm and judias perton, whose melancholy fate we lately recorded, was link-boy, consort with the players, visit the green-room, that although he rarely had recourse to flogging, and a born at Annan, in the year 1788, where his father was long and ultimately bequeath to the latest posterity the most held or disbursed allowances of grog as the least revalt established as a surgeon, though his habits, latterly, be- glorious dramas that ever were penned by mortal man ; medium of rewards and punishments, his crew, in came irregular, and his means not a little impaired. For a and on the same principle we may safely say, that if Clap- end, became so subordinate, that the Confiance was all considerable period he was the only medical man of repute perton had not smuggled a few pounds of salt, the chances to be one of the smartest barques in the water. While in the place, and performed various operations and cures, are, that he never would have figured as an African tra. rode at anchor on the spacious shores of lake Erie, ar that spread his fame over a considerable district. Captain veller. Had he stuck to the American or coasting trade, Huron, the commander occasionally repaired to the wou Clapperton's grandfather, who lived in Lochmaben, was he might have become first a mate, then a master, then and, with his gun, kept himself in fresh provisions also a surgeon of some eminence; and the pains he be ship's husband and part-owner, and, finally, returned to these excursions he cultivated an acquaintance withi stowed on his son's education, proved so good a passport his native burgh with a fortune of a few thousand pounds, aborigines, and was so much charmed with a mode of to public favour, that he might have acquired an indepen and vegetated tranquilly for ten or twenty years, reading full of romance, incident, and danger, that he at one ti dency, if not a fortune. Unfortunately, however, for him the newspapers, or playing at billiards, in the forenoon, entertained serious thoughts of resigning his comme self and others, he was careless rather than careful of and smoking cigars and drinking whiskey-punch, or Degus, when the war was ended, and becoming a denizend money ; but, on the other hand, it is due to him to state, in the evening. But where would have been his laurels forest himself. But the fit, fortunately, was not pe that he married early,-became a widower,-married where his glory-where his zeal in the cause of science- nent; his country had stronger claims on his talent, again, and was the father of no fewer than twenty-one where his defiance of death and danger-where his niche the tinge of romance, which formed a part of his children. Of the fruit of the first marriage, six sons and in the annals of Britain ?
ture, yielded to more patriotic impressions, and ! one daughter grew to man and woman's estate, and the Previous to 1813, our sailors, in boarding, used the cut. spirit-stirring scenes in which he was engaged. As youngest of these was the justly celebrated African travel lass after any fashion they pleased, and were trained to no time he occasionally dined on shore, and, as fer ler, the subject of the present imperfect memoir. In his particular method in the management of that formidable excelled him in swimming, he not unfrequently ples person, he resembled his father greatly,-stood at least six weapon. It was suggested, however, that this was a defect, into the water, and made for the schooner, Fid feet high,-had great breadth of chest and expansion of and, with the view of repairing it, Clapperton and a few either undressing or calling for a boat. This be ! shoulders,-nerves of steel and sinews of iron, and was other clever midshipmen, were ordered to repair to Ports. the double purpose of showing his manhood, and keep altogether a handsome, athletic, powerful man. From mouth Dock-yard, to be instructed by the celebrated his crew on the qui vide. If the watch were des circumstances that need not be detailed here, he received Angelo, in what was called the improved cutlass exercise. and allowed him to approach the ship uncballeco no classical instruction, and could do little more than read When taught themselves, they were distributed as teachers something like a court-martial was held, and the once and write indifferently, when he was placed under the care over the Aeet, and our countryman's class-room was the were reprimanded, if not punished. But this ectetura of Mr. Bryce Downie, a man of general information, deck of the Asia seventy-four, the flag ship of Vice-Admi. and contempt of danger nearly cost the lieutenant is though chiefly celebrated as a mathematician. Mr. Dow. ral Sir Alexander Cochrane. The Asia was then lying at Having dined on shore, and spent the evening, nie, like Milton, has been stricken with blindness in his Spithead, and continued there till the end of January, jovially, he proceeded to take a plunge in lake old age; but his memory and judgment are vigorous 1814; but our Admiral had been entrusted with the com- usual. Immersion soon sent the blood to bis besc still ; and, with affection, he speaks of the lamented Clap- mand of our whole naval force on the coast of North before he had swam a hundred yards from shore, * perton. Under him, the deceased acquired a knowledge America, and was making every thing ready to sail for his came so weak, that he was unable either to retreat of practical mathematics, including navigation and trigo-final destination. Clapperton's services as a drill sergeant vance. In this situation he contrived to float, de nometry. Clapperton, who proved an apt scholar, as well were to be performed during the passage out to Bermuda, for a boat as loudly as he was able. Por a loog as a most obliging boy, was almost constantly about his and he was afterwards to make the best of his way to the cries were totally disregarded, and heoften expressed teacher's house, and as his eye-sight was always very weak, Canadian lakes, which had then, or were just about to be conviction, that the watch were anxious to leart be read to him at intervals every day, both from his own come the scene of important naval operations. At the his fate, as the best means of ridding themselves of thirst of knowledge, and the affection he cherished for his period we speak of, and before the Asia weighed anchor, disciplinarian. In this emergency, a lurking fear earliest friend. Fergusson, the lecturer, makes particular an incident occurred strikingly illustrative of his coolness would get back to the shore, or that the friends beli mention of his toils and privations while a miller's ser- and intrepidity. One evening, the alarm was given that would become alarmed, induced the crew, at last, top vant, and, if we except the carrying of heavy loads, poor the ship was on fire; the drums immediately beat to a boat, into which he was lifted, when one per Clapperton was every whit as hardly reared. Winter and quarters, and the firemen were piped away to the gun. drowning, in such a state of weakness and estad summer, he scampered along without either shoes or stock-room, where an immense quantity of luggage had been that he never risked the experiment again.. ings, and though by no means born a churl's son, was temporarily deposited, and from whence were issuing huge In the year 1817, when our flotilla on the Ama familiar with all the hardships of the peasant's lot. But and increasing volumes of smoke. The after-magazine, lakes was dismantled, Lieutenant Clapperton returne, the extremes of temperature made little impression on his containing some hundred barrels of gunpowder, was under England, to be placed, like many others, on hall.a. iron frame. When at school, his favourite place by the this spot, and the appearance of the combustion had be- ultimately returned to his grandfather's native bare fire would have almost roasted any other person, and, in come so alarming that every man awaited his fate in si-Lochmaben. There he remained till 1820, amusing proof of this, his teacher states, that his pencil, penknife, lence, under an impression that the ship would speedily self chiefly with rural sports, when he removed or any other good conductor of heat, if accidentally lifted be blown to atoms. At this awful momeni, an officer, who burgh, and shortly after became acquainted with when it came out of his pocket, dropped immediately had occasion to pass through the cock-pit, observed a mid able and lamented Dr. Oudney. It was at Dr. from the holder's fingers.
shipman in the larboard birth sitting at a table, and very I gestion that he first turned his thoughts to ANTIC At the age of seventeen, Clapperton was bound an ap- quietly smoking a cigar. The sight surprised him, and, covery; and through all the varieties of uptoward prentice to the sea, and became the cabin-boy of Captain on discovering that the smoker was his friend Clapperton, -suffering and sorrow, sickness and death, he cu Smith, of the Postlethwaite, of Maryport, to whose notice he could not help marvelling at his seeming apathy. The friend with the constancy of a brother. After clo he was recommended by the late Mr. Jonathan Nelson, of other, however, was quite cool, and replied, "that he was eyes in a miserable hut, far from the decepcies a Port-Apnan. The Postlethwaite, a vessel of large burtben, only a supernumerary; that no particular station had been forts of Britain, he even assisted to dig his grave traded between Liverpool and North America, and in assigned to him; and that if the ship blew up, as seemed read over the lonely yet hallowed spot, the beat her he repeatedly crossed the Atlantic-distinguished even very likely to him, it was of little consequence where he service of the Church of England. His future pre when a mere youth, for coolness, dexterity, and intrepidity. was." But the seat of the fire was fortunately discovered, discoveries, and dangers have already becomie
dig his grave, arde de pot, the beautiful bear
way become one al istory, and need not be recapitulated in our columns. casional parts of them, a great improvement would be the
Advertiseinents. is his papers have been preserved by his servant, Lander, consequence.
This hose story we should like to see sifted to the bottom, L. Portrait of Daniel Grant, Esq. 111, A. Perigal.
MR. WEBBE, imething yet remains to be told, and the result, we trust, is an admirable likeness of one of the worthiest and most All ere long, be given to the public.-Dumfries Courier.public-spirited men of this town. The flesh is well co- | Intending to pass part of the summer in Liverpool, purposes
loured, the drapery neatly arranged, and the position is to devote a portion of his time to the assistance of students easy and graceful.
in Music. Those who may be disposed to honour him with · Fine Arts.
Fresh Årrivals, 99, H. Pidding. This is an exceedingly well conceived and excellently painted picture, full
their commands, will be pleased to leave a line, addressed to
good, and the truth and reality with which the fish are
AT THE LYCEUM, BOLD-STREET, | Chorley Hall, Cheshire, 17, J. Rulslon. Of the many on Wednesday next, the 11th instant, at a quarter before Eight WYAL MANCHESTER EXHIBITION OF PAINTINGS OF pictures ibis clever and industrious artist has contributed,
o'clock in the Evening,
REPETITION of Mr. WOOD'S LECTURES on
HISTORY, &c. &c. illustrated by an exhibition of large scene is correctly delineated.
DRAWINGS and PANORAMIC VIEWS. That the inhabitants of Manchester are making a very! Portrait of a Flower Girl, 66, W. Bradley.--There is
In consequence of the numerous inquiries respecting a adenomene both in moral and mental excellence an enchanting witchery in the dark eye and bewitching | repetition of these Lectures, which have afforded so high
Ismile of this beautiful girl that reminds one of the sweet a degree of pleasure and gratification to a very crowded ausretty evident from circumstances, which, from their ! faces we sometimes meet in a wild and desolate part of the sions of regret at their termination, Mr. Wood gives notice
dience, and which did not conclude without many profesat notoriety, it would be superfluous to enumerate; but,
country. This artist has great reason to be proud of his that he will commence a Second Course on Wednesday next, id as is the progress of refinement, much remains to abilities, which are of a first-rate order, and, as a fair crite- and continue them daily.
Six transferrable Tickets for a course, One Guinea. accomplished before it can be ranked with less popu- rion of what he can do, I refer the visitor to this picture.
Admission to a single Lecture .......... Four Shillings. S, and certainly not more opulent towns. There are The colours are bold and deep, yet clear ; the conception of
Young persons under 14 years of age.. Two Do. the figure is grand; and the effect of the whole picture is N. B. The four shillings paid at the first Lecture, may be w individuals to whom this spirit of enterprise ought surprising.
considered as part of the subscription of one guinea to those justice to be attributed; but as the adoption of such a
Portraits of the Children of T. Sherratt, Esq. 142, J.
who wish to continue the course.
Tickets, &c. to be had of Mr. Grapel and Mr. Dawson. rse might display a degree of partiality, and wound Green. This is another picture worthy the attention of
feelings of some, who, more from adverse circum- our artists: it is well conceived and beautifully painted. sees than from inclination, do not patronize any public
IMPORT ANT TO PERSONS GOING TO SEA. nize any public The colours are clear and sparkling, and the figures are well drawn.
PASSENGERS IN STEAM-BOATS, &c., AND TO PER. lertaking to promote the arts and sciences, I shall rePortrait of an Old Man, 161, J. Potts.-There is life,
SONS LEARNING TO SWIM. n from giving publicity to the names of the most real life, in this picture : the venerable expression of the rited and praiseworthy individuals.
old man's countenance cannot fail to please those who love was with feelings of no inconsiderable pleasure that nature. The stick might actually be put upon the can
MARINE ailed the formation of such a body as the members vas, and the thin and silvery locks straggling over the
forehead are exquisitely finished. the Royal Institution compose, and that gratification
Hot Porridge, 188, W. M'Call.—The vivacity, the greatly enhanced when I ascertained that there would gladness, the every thing of happiness depicted in the face LIFE
PRESERVERS, in annual exhibition of paintings, both ancient and of this child is exquisite. I like both the conception and dern, for, although not an artist myself, no person can the execution of this painting, because it is simple and unse fully appreciate the beauties of an exquisite paintaffected, and a real picture of nature; such a face as all the
2 3 world has seen repeatedly : in short, it is a picture after my Warranted to support the wearer in the water, either naked ,or derive more real gratification from it, than I do. own heart.
1 te cannot be a richer mental treat than to view a fine
or with his clothes on, and with a considerable weight A Geologist, 16, T. H. Illidge.--I love to meet with the ure, the conception and execution of which excites a portrait of a friend, especially when I have to recognise
of money, or other articles in his pockets. ll of admiration for the fulness of its beauty, and the his features from the picture before me, and more especially
EGERTON SMITH & Co. when the features are those of a worthy and talented man, Have on Sale, at their GENERAL PRINTING OPTICE, Lord. mony and richness of its colouring.
drawn by a clever artist. This portrait is the best of IlPerhaps there is no science upon which judgment solidge's contributions, and, as a likeness, does him infinite
street, Liverpool, erially differs as painting ; for a composition that to credit. It is well painted, but is placed in rather an awk
IMPROVED MARINE emay appear rich and gorgeous, is, in the opinion of ward situation for being seen to advantage.
LIFE PRESERVERS. ther, the veriest daub that ever disgraced a canvas, and.. AW ced a canone and! A Wild Flower, 105, J. Inskipp.-This is an admirable
These Preservers may be put on as readily as an ordinary picture, well conceived and executed. The features have this contrariety of opinion cannot be accounted for
waistcoat, and they will sustain the wearer in the water, with that pleasing simplicity which cannot fail to attract and
the head and shoulders above the surface, without the slightny other way than that different minds have different please; and there is a freshness and richness about the
est exertion on his part. They will defend the body from u$ of beauty and excellence. I conceive it would be a composition that indicates the hand of an able and expe
external bruises, and keep the wearer much warmer than
R. 1 task to endeavour to reconcile the various opinions rienced artist.
he would be without them. They form no impediment to recling this; but even were the matter less abstruse, Manchester.
the swimmer; and any person may readily learn to swim by e are but few minds that could properly elucidate it.
their means. shall proceed to notice the pictures, and shall take care
To persons wrecked at sea, they will be of the utmost imMETEOROLOGICAL DIARY.
portance, as it is not necessary to take off any part of the void the imputation of partiality.
wearing apparel; and the wearer may thus not only preserve he most attractive picture in the exhibition is A viere
(From the Liverpool Courier.]
his clothes, but also any money he may be possessed of. Rochester, 85, A. W. Callcott, R. A. which is, most Barometer Extreme, 'Thermv. Extreme State of Remarks
To Boats' Crews, and especially those of Life Boats, these dedly, the best picture I ever saw of this artist. He
during meters heat 'u- the Wind
Marine Preservers would be most invaluable, as they serve a peculiar style of painting his sea pieces, which are
Night. morning mug Day. at 9000.
to keep the body warm and dry; nor do they, in the slightivalled for the brilliant effect and truth of their colourMay
est degree, prevent the wearer from using the oars; whilst, The water in the present picture is beautifully trans 28
66 0 W.
by inspiring confidence, they may be the means of (inducing 20t, and the figures are animated and striking.'
seamen to venture where it would be unsafe, or fatal, to go
W. Fair. 'orirait of M. Ward, M. D. 177, Hazlitt.--The co
without them. ring of this portrait is admirable, and the likeness is June
They are equally adapted for females, and supersede the neainly one of the best that ever came under my obser.
cessity of taking off any part of the apparel. They would
Fair. The artist, who is brother to the celebrated
also be found most agreeable to Ladies, to be used over their
29 80 l 50 0 1 54 0 | 58 0 S.S.W. Cloudy. Hazlitt, is a clever draughtsman, and one of the best
ordinary bathing dresses. trait painters in this town.
29th, Rain during night; ten, a.m. heavy rain.
They may be had either lined or padded, and so made as to Bargaining for Fish, 50, J. Tennant.--This picture is 31st, Showers during day.
adjust themselves to persons of all sizes. June 1st, Three, p.m. showers. Prior to done in the room, except Callcott's: in fact, it is
Persons in the country, who are desirous of becoming pur.
20, Heavy rain during night. Barkably like one of that great artist's productions. The
chasers, are requested to state about their weight, and their 3d, Six, a.m. heavy rain; half past five, p.m. rain.
stature and bulk. wsparency of ine water is admirably managed, and the ares are well introduced, and spiritedly painted.
The prices of the Preservers vary from One Pound to REMARKS FOR MAY.
Twenty-five Shillings, or upwards, according to their finish: The Right Hon. Lady de Tabley, 30, J. Simpson.-Il Monthly mean of atmospherical pressure, 29:82 ; mean and any person remitting the money (post-paid) may have
w not which to admire most, the careless, yet easy and temperature,-extreme during night, 48:28; extreme at 8, one of the most complete description forwarded to his ad. ceful position, or the admirable painting of this picture. a.m. 53:29; extreme at noon, 60:17; general mean, 56:11; | dress. e flesh is certainly the most brilliant and true that I extreme during day, 62:2: prevailing winds. westerly
| An allowance made for a wholesale order, or for exportar saw, and the drapery, a secondary consideration with highest temperature during the month was on the 17th, tion, sl artists, but undoubtedly a most essential one to all, 69; lowest temperature was on the 8th,-44; heavy falls E. Smith and Co. pledge themselves to return the purchase rue to dature. This picture, and another, by the same of rain on the 6th, 11th, 24th, 25th, and 29th ; thunder money, if these Marine Preservers do not answer tbe descripist, which I shall presently notice, ought to have the storm on the 6th.
tion they have here given of them. ctest attention of our native artists, for, if proper atten- ! Summary of the Weather.--23 days fair, 3 days cloudy, it is presumed that these Marine Preservers would sell very were paid to the drawing, colouring, and all the oc- and 5 days rain.
I well abroad.
And some,--the gayest with Impatient word
receipt of your very kind letter a few days since, and giv you joy, my dear Maria, on the increase of your family You have now three boys, and I hope they will live make you very happy when you are an old woman. la truly sensible of the kind regard which you have shon to me in giving my name to your infant; he will brin me to your remembrance often ; and then you will thin of a friend who loves you and all your family vuiy mue With a kind and affectionate husband, and three stil children, all boys, you are happy, and I hope will ever so. But three boys !-let me tell you, the chance is te much against you, unless you are for ever on your gun The temper and disposition of most people are forme before they are seven years old ; and the common cause bad ones is the great indulgence and mistaken fondse which the affection of a parent finds it difficult to though the happiness of the child depends upon it. Yo measures must be systematic: whenever they do re never omit to reprove them firmly, but with gentleg Always speak to them in a style and language rather perior to their years. Proper words are as easily learnt improper ones, and when they do well-when they desen commendation, bestow it lavishly.
Let the feelings of your heart flow from your eyes al tongue ; and they will never forget the effect wbich do good behaviour has upon their mother, and this at earlier time of life than is generally thought. I am much interested in their prosperity, and that they may come good and virtuous men. I am glad tbat you thi my daughters are well behaved girls. I took much pa with them the little time I was at home. I endeavou to give them a contempt for the nonsense and frivolity fashion, and to establish, in its stead, a conduct found on reason. They could admire thunder and lightning any other of God's stupendous works, and walk through churchyard at midnight without apprehension of meti any thing worse than themselves. I brought them up to make griefs of trifles, nor suffer any but what were i evitable."
Selina, gaudy maid,
Soon, soon thy charms will fade,
Beauty is llke the rose,
But, ah! before day's close,
But Virtue never dies;
And wind and rain defies,
Then nourish in thy breast,
"Twill make thee truly blest, Superior to each adverse storm, And all the Ills which life deform.
And, in that awful day
Angels will smooth the way,
The Beauties of Chess.
There is a light within those eyes
It rends my heart to see;
And I must part with thee.
The rose in summer bloom;
Of burial and the tomb.
There is a charm retined;
Powerful, but undefined. •
It rings Hope's funeral knell ;
Felt, understood, too well!
In trembling, and with fear,
“Brief, brief her sojourn here !
It walts the flowers of spring;
For, lo! on seraphic wing,
Thy Marian to convey
Nay, wipe those tears away.
Apd many a hidden woe;
God and herself but know!
To weariness and pain;
She feels 'to die is gain!'
And soon, supremely blest,
Sweet, sweet will be her rest!"
The prey of sure decay,
Nor weep my life away?
Nor own my heart is broke !
“ Ludimus effigiem belli."-VIDA.
SOLUTION TO STUDY CLXXXIV.
BLACK 1 Queen ......F-6X i King.........G2 Castle..........G-7X 2 King ....H3 Queen ......H-4X 3 Queen....... 4 Bishop ......G-1
4 Queen ......H5 Castle......... 6
5 Queen.....H-> 6 Castle.........G-5
6 Queen......H7 Castle.........B-8X 7 King ......8 Castle .........B 8 to G 8 8 Queen......H 9 Castle..........G 5 to G6 9 Queen ..... 10 Castle.........G 6 to G7X 10 King ...... 11 Castle........ F-7 11 Queen ......
THE OLD MAN'S COMFORT.
BY R. BOUTHEY, ESQ.
You are old, father William, the young man cried,
The few locks which are left you are gray;
Now tell me the reason, I pray.
I remembered that youth would fly fast,
That I never might need them at last.
And pleasures with you pass away;
Now tell me the reason, I pray.
I remembered that youth could not last;
That I never might grieve for the past. You are old, father William, the young man replied,
And ife must be bastening away You are cheerful, and love to converse upon death,
Now tell me the reason, I pray.
Let the cause thy attention engage-
And he has not forgotten my age.
ON THE EMBLEMATIC FIGURE OF TIME.
• Behold him when past by; what then is seen But bis broad pinions swifter than the winds?"
Old man k with wrinkled brow, they pictur'd him .
i propagated from the species named after that learned man, | Munting has given, from some of the books kept during to whom natural history is so much indebted, the Linnæus that trade, a few of the prices then paid, of which I shall
of the sixteenth century, Conrad Gesner, who first made present the reader with the following. For a root of that I have here only made a nosegay of culled flowers, and have
the tulip known by a botanical description and a figure. species called the Viceroy, the after-mentioned articles, rought nothing of my own but the thread that ties them."
In his additions to the works of Valerius Cordus, he tells valued as below expressed, were agreed to be delivered. us, that he saw the first in the beginning of April, 1559,
at Augsburg, in the garden of the learned and ingenious
Two lasts of wheat .........
Four ditto rye ...... brought from Constantinople, or, according to others, from
Four fat oxen ......... The following entertaining, and, perhaps, we may say, Cappadocia. This flower was then known in Italy, under
Eight fat swine............. ructive chapter (as it exhibits human folly in a striking the name of the tulipa, or tulip, which is said to be of
Twelve fat sheep .. ................. It of view) is taken from Beckmann's History of In- Turkish extraction, and given to it on account of its re.
Two bogsheads of wine ...........
Four tuns beer ......................
Two tons butter
One thousand pounds of cheese ...... d to follow up with some curious instances of the all over Germany. This is not improbable: for Bus.
A complete bed.... ia for flowers, which once prevailed in Holland and beque says, in a letter written in 1554, that this flower was
A suit of clothes ......
...... 8 there, to an extent which, were it not well attested. I then new to him ; and it is known that, besides coins and
A silver beaker... d stagger credulity itself. Edit. Kal.
manuscripts, he collected also natural curiosities, and
These tulips were afterwards sold according to the weight yers which adorn our gardens first who brought them from the East. In the year 1505 of the roots. Four hundred perits of Admiral Lief ken been brought to us from the Levant. A few have there were tulips in the garden of Mr. Fugger, from whom
m cost 4400 florins; 446 ditto of Admiral Von der Eyk, of the world : and some of Gesner wished to procure some. They first appeared in 1620 florins: 106 perits Schilder moet 1616 Androm
grow wild, have, by care Provence, in France, in the garden of the celebrated Pey- ditto Semper Augustus, 5500 florins; 410 ditto Viceroy, ultivation, been so much improved as to merit a placeresc, in the year 1611.||
ries Ir parterres. Our ancestors, perhaps, some centuries
3000 florins, &c. After the tulip was known, Dutch merchants, and rich
The species Semper Augustus has been After the tulip was known, Dutch merchants, and rich often sold
often sold for 2000 forins; and it once happened, that paid attention to flowers ; but it appears that the Ori. people at Vienna, ho were fond of flowers, sent, at dif
there were only two roots of it to be had, the one at Am. , and particularly the Turks, who, in other respects, ferent times, to Constantinople, for various kinds. The
sterdam, and the other at Haerlein. For a root of this lot very susceptible of the inanimate beauties of na. first roots planted in England were sent thither from
species, one agreed to give 4600 florins, together with a new were the first people who cultivated a variety of them Vienna, about the end of the sixteenth century, according
carriage, two gray horses, and a complete set of harness. eir gardens, for ornament and pleasure. From their to Hakloyt; who is, however, wrong in ascribing to
Another agreed to give twelve acres of land. for a root: eos, therefore, bave been procured the most of those Clusius the honour of having first introduced them into
those who had not ready money, promised their moveable h decorate ours, and amongst these is the tulip. Europe; for that naturalist only collected and described
and unmoveable goods, bouse and land, cattle and clothes. w plants acquire, through accident, weakness, or dis- all the then known species.
A man, whose name Munting once knew, but could not so many tints, variegations, and figures, as the tulip. These flowers, which are of no further use than to orna
recollect, won by this trade more than 60,000 florins, in buncultivated, and in its natural state, it is almost ment gardens, which are exceeded in beauty by mary
the course of four months. It was followed not only by e colour; has large leaves and an extraordinarily long other plants, and whose duration is short, and very pre
mercantile people, but also by the first noblemen, citizens When it has been weakened by culture, it becomes carious, became, in the middle of the last century, the
of every description, mechanics, seamen, farmers, turfagreeable in the eyes of the florist. The petals are object of a trade, such as is not to be met with in the his.
diggers, chimney-sweeps, footmen, maid. servants, old paler, more variegated, and smaller; the leaves as- tory of commerce, and by which their price rose above
clothes-women, &c. At first every one won and no one a fainter or softer green colour: and this masterpiece that of the most precious metals. An account of this tradeline
| lost. Some of the poorest people gained, in a few months, lture, the more beautiful it turns, grows so much the has been given by many authors; but by all late ones it houses, coaches, and horses, and figured away like the first IT, so that, with the most careful skill and attention, has been misrepresented. People laugh at the Tulipoma
characters in the land. In every town some tavern was I scarcely be transplanted, and even scarcely kept nia,** because they believe that the beauty and rarity of
selected, which served as a change, where bigh and low the flowers induced florists to give such extravagant
traded in flowers, and confirmed their bargains with the it the tulip grows wild in the Levant, and was thence prices: they imagine that the tulips were purchased so
most sumptuous entertainments. They formed laws for ht to us, may be proved by the testimony of many excessive y dear, in order to ornament gardens; but this
themselves, and had their dotaries and clerks. Busbeque found them on the road between supposition is false, as I shall show hereafter.
When one reflects seriously on this trade, one will readople and Constantinople ;* Shaw found them in This trade was not carried on throughout all Europe; Idilne
dily perceive, that to get possession of these flowers was in the plains between Jaffa and Rama; and Char. but in some cities of the Netherlands, particularly Am- Inn
not the real object of it, though many have iepresented it on the northern confines of Arabia. The early sterdam, Haerlem, Utrecht, Alkmar, Leyden, Rotterdam, lin that
in that light. The price of tulips rose always higher from g kinds, it appears, were brought to Constantinople, Hoorn, Enkhuysen, and Meedenbliek, and rose to the
| the year 1634, to the year 1637; but had the object of the Cavala, and the late blowing from Caffa ; and on this greatest height in the years 1634, 1685, 1636, and 1637.++ purchaser heen
purchaser been to get possession of the flowers, the price, at the former are called by the Turks, Cavalá lalé,
in such a length of time, must have fallen instead of risen. e latter Caffé lalé. Caval is a town on the eastern historia, Antverpiæ, 1569. 8vo. p. 204. In Thracia et Capadocia " Raise the prices of the productions of agriculture, wben of Macedonia, of which Paul Lucas gives some ac- tulipa exit; Italiæ et Belgio peregrinus est flos. Minores
you wish to reduce them,” says Young; and in this he is and Caffa is a town in the Crimea, I or peninsula alicubi in Gallia Narbonensi nasci feruntur. Linnæus reckons
undoubtedly right, for a great consumption causes a greater aria. as it was called, in the middle ages, from the it among the Swedish plants, and Haller names it among those reproduction. This has been sufficiently proved by the es, a people very little known.s of Swisserland, but says, afterwards, I do not believe it to be
price of asparagus at Gottingen. As it was much sought ugh florists have published numerous catalogues of indigenous, though it is found here and there in the meads.
after, and large prices paid for it, more of it was planted, ecies of the tulip, botanists are acquainted only with Hist. strip. fl. p. 115. It appears that this species is earlier
and the price has fallen. In like manner plantations of 1, at most, three, of which scarcely one is indigenous than the common tulipa gesneriana, though propagated from
tulips would have, in a short time, been formed in Hol. rope. 11 All those found in our gardens have been it. The useless roots thrown perhaps from Gesner's garden
land, and florists would have been able to purchase flowers have grown up in a wild state, and become naturalized, as
at a much lower price. But this was not done; and the we passed, we saw everywhere abundance of flowers, the European cattle have in America." See Miller's Gardener's
chimney-sweeper, who threw aside his besom, did not be. the narcissus, hyacinth, and those called by the Turks Dictionary, iv. p. 518.
come a gardener, though he was a dealer in flowers. not without great astonishment, on account of the * Stettin, in his History of the arts of Augsburg, celebrates
Roots would have been imported from distant countries, f the year, as it was then the middle of winter, a seaHerwart's gardens and his collection of coins. See Stettin's
as asparagus was from Hanover and Brunswick to Gottin
Augsb. 1779, 8vo.
Kunst, Geschichte der Reichs-Stadt Augsburg Friendly to flowers. Greece abounds with narcissuses
gen; the high price would have induced people to go to acintbs, which have a remarkably fragrant smell : it
Constantinople to purchase roots, as the Europeans travel + See Martini Lexicon philologicum, Trajecti Batav. 1711 ed, so strong as to hurt those who are not accustomed
(to Golconda and Visapour to procure precious stones : but The tulipan, however, bave little or no smell, but are 2 vol. fol. Il. p. 780, and Megiseri Diction. Turico-Lat. where
the dealers in tulips confined themselves to their own for their beauty and the variety of their colour. The the word tulbent, a turban, is derived from the Chaldaic.
country, without thinking of long journeys. I will allow pay great attention to the cultivation of flowers; nor
Balbini Miscellanea Bohemiæ, p. 100.
that a flower might have become scarce, and, consequently, hesitate, though by no means extravagant, to expend
Gesneri Epistolæ medicinales. Tiguri 1577, 8vo. p. 79 and
dearer ; but it would have been impossible for the price to aspers for one that is beautiful. I received several / 80. . s of these flowers, wbich cost me not a little. Busbe| Viti Peirescil, auctore Gassendo. Hagæ Comitum, 1655 rise to a great height, and continue so for a year. How
ridiculous would it have been to have purchased useless gia quæ extant. Basillæ 1740, 8vo. p. 36.
4to. p. 80. ages. A. Rouen, 1723, 8vo. iv. 59.
Hukluyt says, And now within these four years, there tenus tuliparum bulbf nobis Byzantio missi sunt, have been brought into England, from Vienna in Austria, di- | Marquard, De jure mercatorum, p. 181, has taken bis informag quidem café laté, serotinæ vero Cavalá lalé, a locis vers kind of flowers called tullpas, and those and others tion. Naauwkeurige beschryving der aardgewassen, door Abra. m unde primum Constantinopolim illati sunt, appel. procured thither a little before, from Constantinople, by an ham Munting. Leyden en Utrecht, 1696, folio, p. 907. De indita.
Koophandel von Amsterdam, door Le Long, ii. p. 307. Le Negoce er Propontidem et Euxinum pontum sita est; Cavalla ii. p. 164.
d'Amsterdam, par J. P. Ricard. A Rouen, 1723, 4to, P. 11. Macedonia urbs maritima. Clusii rariorum plantarum ** This word was coined by Menage.
Breslauer Samlung von Natur-und Kunts-Geschichten, 1791, May, - Antverpiæ, 1691. fol. p. 150.
H The principal works iu which an account of this Tulipop. 521. Francisci Schaubuhne, vol. ii. p. 639. Tengel, Monatsome account of them in Memoriæ populorum ad Da mania is to be found, are, Eerste tsamenspraak tusschen Wacr-| liche Unterredungen, 1690, Novemb. p. 1039. Année Literaire, by Stritter.
mondt en Gaargoed nopens de opkomst en ondergang van Flora. 1773, xv. p. 16. Martini Zeiler Miscellanea, p. 29. Christ, tulipa sylvestris Linn. grows in the southern parts of Amsterdam, 1643, 120o. Meerani novi, or New History of Funcit Orbis politicus, p. 879. . Dodonæus days, in his Florum coroniarum herbarum the Netherlands, part 4, Amst. 1640, follo, p.518, from which! A perit is a small weight less than a grain. Trans.
roots with their weight of gold, if the possession of the The more disgusted people became with this trade, the
MR. PITT'S MIDNIGHT REHEARSALS. flower had been the only object! Great is the folly of more did complaints increase to the magistrates of the ditmankind; but they are not fools without a cause, as they ferent towns; but as the courts there would take no cog. would have been under such circumstances.
nisance of it, the complainants applied to the States of We have, for some time past, had in our portfolio of During the time of the Tulipomania, a speculator often Holland and West Friesland. These referred the business serve some further selections from the amusing to offered and paid large sums for a root which he never re- to the determination of the provincial council at the Hague, ceived, and never wished to receive. Another sold roots which, on the 27th of April, 1637, declared, that it would
Clubs of London,) from which the following is taken. which he never possessed or delivered. Oft did a noble. not deliver its opinion on this traffic until it had received man purchase of a chimney-sweep tulips to the amount of more information on the subject ; that, in the meantime, It must be premised, that, during the whole of Mr. Pi 2000 florins, and sell them at the same time to a farmer ; every vender should offer his tulips to the purchaser, and, political career, he was a complete slave to busine and neither the nobleman, chimney-sweep, nor farmer, had in case he refused to receive them, the vender should either indeed, so much was his mind occupied with affair roots in their possession or wished to possess them. Be. keep them, or sell them to another, and have recourse on state that, generally speaking, he went to bed at will fore the tulip season was over, more roots were sold and the purchaser for any loss he might sustain. It was or only to dream of the labours of the day. He took the purchased, bespoke, and promised to be delivered, than, in dered also, that all contracts should remain in force till recreation; and when prevailed upon to go to a fashion all probability, were to be found in the gardens of Hol. further inquiry was made. But, as no one could foresee party, he seldom stayed long. Even whilst be did rema land; and when Semper Augustus was not to be had, what judgment would be given respecting the validity of his mind was so liable to revert to the business of the me which happened twice, no species, perhaps, was oftener each contract, the buyers were more obstinate in refusing ing, that though highly respected for his private worth purchased and sold. In the space of three years, as Mun. payment than before; and venders, thinking it much safer all who knew him, his company was not considered a ting tells us, more than ten millions were expended in this to accommodate matters amicably, were, at length, satis entirely indispensible, particularly by the ladies. I trade, in only one town of Holland.
fied with a small profit instead of exorbitant gain : and Fox, on the contrary, had a mind highly susceptible To understand this gambling traffic, it may be necessary thus ended this extraordinary traffic, or, rather, gambling the pleasures of society, which by no means detra to make the following supposition. A nobleman bespoke It is, however, certain that persons fond of flowers, par- from his capability of performing the arduous duties of a merchant a tulip-root, to be delivered in six months, ticularly in Holland, have paid, and still pay, very high longing to his public character. But to return to at the price of 1000 florins. During these six months the prices for tulips, as the catalogues of flowers show. This Pitt. price of that species of tulip must have risen or fallen, or may be called the lesser Tulipomania, which has given it was his frequent custom, when he left the House remained as it was. We shall suppose, that at the expira- occasion to many laughable circumstances. When John Commons, to call at the residence of Lord Melville tion of that time the price was 1500 florins; in that case, Balthasar Schuppe was in Holland, a merchant gave a spend an hour or two, before retiring to Bachelor'sthe nobleman did not wish to have the tulip, and the herring to a sailor who had brought him some goods. The as the Duchess of Gordon very aptly styled the minist merchant paid him 500 florins, which the latter lost and sailor, seeing some valuable tulip-roots lying about, which own lonely habitation. the former won. If the price was fallen when the six he considered as of little consequence, thinking them to One evening, fatigued by a speech of more than to months were expired, so that a root could be purchased be onions, took some of them unperceived, and ate hours in length, he arrived at his friend's house in a for 800 florins, the nobleman then paid to the merchant with bis herring. Through this mistake the sailor's break of profuse perspiration. Lord Melville (then Mr. D 200 florins, which he received as so much gain ; but if the fast cost the merchant a much greater sum than if he had das) instantly ordered clean linen to be provided, and price continued the same, that is, 1000 florids, neither party treated the Prince of Orange. No less laugtiable is the sisted on the Premier staying all night; as the damp gained or lost. In all these circumstances, bowever, no anecdote of an Englishman who travelled with Matthews. in going home, might prove injurious to him in sad one ever thought of delivering the roots or of receiving Being in a Dutchman's garden, he pulled a couple of condition. Mr. Pitt complied, and soon afterwards reta them. Henry Munting, in 1636, sold to a merchant at tulips, on which he wished to make
which he wished to make some botanical obser- to rest. Alkmar, a tulip-root for 7000 florins, to be delivered in six vations, and put them in his pocket; but he was appre. He had been in bed about an hour, when a females months; but as the price during that time had fallen, the hended as a thief, and obliged to pay a considerable sum vant, passing the door of his chamber, heard a load na merchant paid, according to agreement, only ten per cent before he could obtain his liberty +
as of one talking with great rapidity and energy: 9 “ So that my father," says the son, “received 700 florins Reimman and others accuse Jusi. Lipsius of the Tulipo- immediately ran, in the most violent agitation and all for nothing; “but he would much rather have delivered mania ; but, if by this word we understand that gam-into the butler's pantry, where that domestic and the root itself for 7000." The term of these contracts was bling traffic which I have described, the accusation is Pitt's valet were sitting comfortably over a glass of often much shorter, and on that account the trade became unfounded. Lipsius was fond of scarce and beautiful punch. brisker. In proportion as more gained by this traffic, flowers, which he endeavoured to procure by the assistance For God Almighty's sake!” she roared out, "Rise more engaged in it; and those who had money to pay to of his friends, and which he cultivated himself, with great run directly to your master, for he's a dying." one, had soon money to receive of another; as at faro, care, in his garden; but this taste can be by no means "Dying !" exclaimed the valet, rising; "Good one loses upon one card, and at the same time wins upon called a mania. S Other learned men of the same age were what makes you think so, Betty ?" another. The tulip-dealers often discounted sums also, fond of flowers, such as John Barclay. || Pompeius de "Oh!" returned the terrified girl, “I heard biny and transferred their debts to one another; so that large Angelis, and others, who would probably have been so, ing his prayers so loud and so fast, that I am set sims were paid without cash, without bills, and without even though the cultivation of flowers had not been the must be dead before this time." goods, as by the Virements at Lyons. The whole of this prevailing taste. It, however, cannot be denied, that “ Lord bless the girl!” said the man, sitting dort trade was a game at hazard, as the Mississippi trade was learned men may be infected with epidemical follies. In finish his punch, how could you go for to fright! afterwards, and as stock-jobbing is at present. The only the present age, many have become physiognomists, be so ? He's no more a-dying than you are, Betty difference between the tulip-trade and stock-jobbing is, cause physiognomy is in fashion; and even animal mag. only making a speech for the House to-morrow; and! that, at the end of the contract, the price in the latter is de- netism has met with partisans to support it.
say, that as he is speechifying so loud, he's a blogs termined by the Stock Exchange; whereas, in the former,
the old Fou
Fox and the Wigs. 'Ah, he's the boy for girl it was determined by that at which most bargains were
In the year 1759, the dearest kinds in England were Don
it 'em, right and left, I can tell you, Betty.”. made. High and low-priced kinds of tulips were pro
1 “Blowin' up the Fox and the Wigs, Master D
Quevedo and Valentinier; the former cost £2 2s. and the latter
£2 12s. 6d. See Weston's Botanicals Universalis. part 2nd. I why, what's that, for Heaven's sake?"
"Oh, Bet, my girl," answered Richard, "it's 001 an imagined whole might be divideil, and that people might not only have whole, but half and quarter lots.
semper Augustus is not once to be found in new cata. I telling you: women understands nothin' of police logues.
they, Master Butler ?” Whoever is surprised that such a traffic should become
"No, Dick," responded the Buller, " that they general, needs only to reflect upon what is done where lot.
an' it isn't fit they should; for if they knew what teries are established, by which trades are often neglected, Reimman's Introductio, in Histor. Litterariam li. 3. p. 92. what, they'd soon wear the breeches, I know. b and even abandoned, because a speedier mode of getting s That he might relax and refresh his mind worn out by say, Dick, push about the grog, an' let us go fortunes is pointed out to the lower classes. In short, the study, he amused himself with the cultivation of his garden what your master is going to say to old che tulip-trade may very well serve to explain stock jobbing, and of flowers, and particularly of tulips, the roots
ly of tulips, the roots of which mo of which so much is written in gazettes, and of which so he was at great pains to procure from all parts of the world, “No occasion for hurrying, man," replied inany talk in company without understanding it; and I by means of Dodonæus, Clusius, and Boisotus, men singularly emptying his glass, and filling another bamper: hope, on that account, I shall be forgiven for employing so well skilled in horticulture, and by others of his friends. your soul, he hasn't got into the thick of it yet. much time in illustrating what I should otherwise have Here, at a distance from civil tumult, with a cheerful counte- bound. We've plenty of time--so sit down, an considered as below my notice.
nance and placid eye, he sauntered through his plants and finish the toddy; it'll be two hours at least be! At length, however, this trade fell all of a sudden.-- flowers, contemplating sometimes one declining, sometimes done. Lord ! it'll do your heart good to bear bus Among such a number of contracts many were broken;
another springing up, and forgetting all his cares amidst the laway at the rascally hopposition, just the sell suo many had engaged to pay more than they were able; the pleasures which these objects afforded him. See the Life of
use. Bless you whole stock of the adventurers was consumed by the ex
Lipsius, prefixed to the edition of his works printed at Ant- bis speech for the next day, before he goes to sleep travagance of the winners; new adventurers no more en. (werp in 1637. The like account is to be found in Adami Vita Mistress Betty, drink that. n gaged in it; and many becoming sensible of the odious philosophorum. This is confirmed by what Lipsius says him." it'll warm vou, and take away vour fright." traffic in which they had been concerned, returned to their
self in his book De Constantia, ii. 2, 3. in praise of gardening. Betty drank the contents, and feeling herseli gr former occupations. By these means, as the value of tulips He rented a house near to the Vatican, with a garden, in vived thereby, and her curios still fell, and never rose, the sellers wished to deliver the
which he had planted the choicest flowers, and those chiefly again to inquire what the valet meant by bwr roots in natura to the purchasers at the prices agreed on ;
which are not propagated from seeds and roots, but from but as the latter had no desire for tulips at even such a
| bulbs. These flowers were not known about thirty years be- « Why, you fool!" answered Dick, " don't fou,
fore, nor had they been ever seen at Rome, but lay neglected that the For is that rascally Charley Fox, as ** low rate, they refused to take them or to pay for them.To end this dispute, the tulip-dealers of Alkmar sent, in
| in the Alps. Of these flowers, which have no smell, but are bring in Boneypart and the French ?" the year 1637, deputies to Amsterdam; and a resolution esteemed only on account of their colours, Barclay was re
"What for, Master Richard ?" inquired Betty markably fond, and purchased their bulbs at a great price. was passed on the 24th of February, that all contacts
"Whar for echoed Dick. «Why. to kill King Erythræi Pinacotheca. Lipsiæ, 1712. 8vo. lii. 17. p. 623. See leo made prior to the last of November, 1636, should be null
to be sure, and put the Prince o' Wales on his true also Pauli Freheri Theatrum, p. 1515. and void ; and that, in those made after that date, pur
lay, and to oust my master, that he may get into an chasers should be free op paying ten per cent, to the vender.' Erythr, Pinacoth. Itt. 24. p. 850.
it 'em in the