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TO THE EDITOR.

printing types, the printers generally substitute in lieu of there is a mark somewbat like that stamped at the Mint the many beauties and incomparable grandeur of 1 it the inverted comma, which approaches the form of the upon our silver plate. A friend has promised to decipher hibition more than magnificent that is sublime. superior c, and in this respect, being in the place of that this mark if it can be traced with sufficient distinctness.else, with good sense and propriety, if not with

Glover every letter, I conceive it to be more proper than the apostrophe, The characters appear to be Chinese, and the probability cellence which has characterized her previous whiah is entirely a mark of elision. How these names is, that the pot was manufactured in China.

and we really wonder (she must excuse us for sayi came to be contracted at all, I know not; and I believe

that the same good sense does not dictate to this la no other reason can be assigned for it than that it is cus.

March 6, 1780. impolicy of assigning parts to her daughter for tomary. However, contract them as you may, they must D.D., belonged, formerly, to Catharine, Queen of King difficult character, is, certainly, above Miss M.G

This teapot, now the property of William Robertson, she is, obviously, inadequate. Tarquinia, though be pronounced mac: I therefore think it is the more Charles the Second. She brought it with her from Por- power. Further acquaintance with Miss Eyre de .natural and rational way always to write names as they tugal in 1602, when she came to be married to that induce us to alter our opinion of ber : she is unasa are pronounced.

Monarch, and it was said to be the first teapot ever seen interesting, and diffident, lacking the pleasing virse

in England. When the Earl of Clarendon was appointed delicate archness of Miss Holdaway, but possessing Liverpool.

THEON.

Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland in 1685, his lady went to of the respectful modesty and winning grace of

take her respectful leave of Catharine, then Queen to whom we have before likened her. We fod SUBJUGATION OF TURKEY BY RUSSIA Dowager. Her Majesty then made her a present of this therefore, emphatically, of Miss Eyres's Lucretia,

teapot, desiring that it might be a memorandum, at her was a very pretty performance.
breakfast, every morning, of the regard she had for her.
When Lord Clarendon was in Ireland, the Duke of Or- cannot question the acting of Mr. Vandenhoff, wet

Coriolanus was repeated on Wednesday. Perhaps SIR, -At the present time, when a Russian army is in mond invited him and his lady to spend some time with permitted to doubt the strict propriety of his costun motion towards the frontiers of the Turkish domicions, him at the Castle of Kilkenny. There this teapot was allude to the scarlet tunic used by him in the la and the greater part of Europe is anxiously looking for the used, and shown as a royal curiosity: but by some un. Our notion is, (whether well or ill founded, or by result of the threatened war, it may not be unsuitable to lucky accident it had a fall, and the handle was broken quired, we scarcely know,

that the Romans eifel off. Captain John Baxter was at that time steward to the unacquainted with this colour, or that they did no insert in the Kaleidoscope the following reflections of the Duke's estate, and his wife was desired by the Duke to themselves of the knowledge of it

. Mr. Kemble inimitable Cowper, upon the probability of the subjuga. attend on Lady Clarendon, and perform every office of true, is high authority, and if we had the pleasured tion of Turkey. so long ago as 1787, They are all con- respect to her while she stayed at "Kilkenny. When my Vandenhof's personal acquaintance

, he would pas tained in a letter to his fair relation, Lady Hesketh, dated Lady was taking leave of that delightful place, she made tell us, that in following Mr. Kemble in this partia Sept. 29, 1787.

Yours, &c.

E. B.
several presents

to Mrs. Baxter, and this teapot amongst conceives himself sufficiently justified. So far wel the rest. Mrs. Baxter afterwards gave it as a great curio- think, notwithstanding, and it is rather presump

sity to her son, Major William Baxter, who presented it certainly-chat both of them are in error; but ! ! I have received," says he. " such an impression of the to his daughter Elizabeth, to whom I was married, and correct or not, the subject is interesting, and the il Turks, from the Memoirs of Baron de Tott,' which I thus it became my property,

and all this I testify under worthy pursuit. We shall consult authorities, the read lately, that I can hardly help presaging the conquest my hand, the above-written W. Robertson, D.D. of that empire by the Russian. The disciples of Maho wrote the famous letter to Bishop Burnett, which is inserted

N. B. This Major Wm. Baxter was the person who that has suggested our scepticism.

and if wrong avow our mistake with the same al met are such babies in modern tactics, and so ebervated in the Bishop's life.

A Miss Taylor appears, for the first time, 4

(Monday)-as do Miss Mayhew and Mr. Western by the use of their favourite drug; so fatally secure in their This present handle and silver mounting were put to morrow. The ladies are both strangers to us, predestinarian dreain, and so prone to a spirit of mutiny the pot at my expense.-W. R.

happen to know that the gentleman has had the stre against their leaders, that nothing less can be expected. In fact, they had not been their own masters at this the aforesaid Wm. Robertson, D.D., who departed this consequently, be expected from him, and we are

I became married to Elizabeth Robertson, daughter of professional rumour speaks favourably of him. Med

of a most accomplished instructor in his art,-ci day had the Russians, but known the weakness of their life the 20th of May, 1783, in the 77th year of his age, enough to hope for more than we expect. enemies half so well as they undoubtedly know it and whose remains are deposited in the new churchyard May 26, 1828. now. Add to this, that there is a popular prophecy, at Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, by which it became my current in both countries, that Turkey is one day property. to fall under the Russian sceptre; a prophecy which,

To Correspondents. from whatever source it is derived, as it will natu.

The Drama rally encourage the Russians, and dispirit the Turks, in

ERRATUM.- In the piece entitled “Old Times, to exact proportion to the degree of credit it bas obtained on

(VROM A CORRESPONDENT.)

fourth stanza, first line, for “Minstrel of Ideas both sides, has a direct tendency to effect its own accom.

W. R's request has been attended to. The contesto plishment. In the meantime, if I wish them conquered,

the Elder Poets bas been received, and shall be approape it is only because I think it will be a blessing to them to

“What players are they?"

forthwith. be governed by any other band than their own; for, under heaven has there never been a throne so execrably tyran- day last, Mr. Vandenhoff playing the hero; Mrs. Glover, Mr. Paype's tragedy of Brutus was produced on Mon- An Epicure is Informed, that, although we have hade

practice in guessing at hieroglypbies, we have been el nical as theirs. The beads of the innocent that have been Túllia ; Miss Glover, Tarquinia; and Miss Eyre, Lucre.

to give up all hopes of deelphering his; HOPE cut off, to gratify the humour or caprice of their tyrants, (ua. Great and numerous are the alleged defects and

have made out sufficient for our purpose, wbied could they be all collected, and discharged against the incongruities of this piece; yet is it, nevertheless, one of to show that, singular u the taste of the individula

to may appear to be to ou correspondent, med sent walls of their city, would not leave one stone on another." the most effective, as well as popular, of the numerous moder compositions for the stage. At the period of its

traordinary deviations from our ordinary babits abier first introduction bere, ve recollect witnessing it three or

the bistory of all nations. We shall resume the same four times a week, when an abuodance of Stara, as they

the Mercury Antiquities.

are termed, posting a virtue of necessity," were content LIVERPOOL ANTIQUITIN-We shall, next week, pedia

to shine in Parco only; and we were wont to see it then, Kaleidoscope an original dissertation, entitled "Be AN ANCIENT TEAPOT. as we continue to do now, with increased delight,--plea

to llustrate the taxes Iption on the Corporate Seld sure is not a sufficieady expressive phrase, on each suc

pool, and to explain the meaning of the word uited

and Litherpool." By John Clark. Mr. C. appears to A singular teapot has been left at our office for the in- ceeding occasion. It may be said, with somewhat of truth spection of the curious. A manuscript, somewbat faded, traction being in the actor-not the author. The same

somewhat from Mr. Pield, whose paper on the seases perhaps, that this is but i negative kind of merit, the ato

originally appeared in our publication of the 29th dd was deposited within it; a copy of which we subjoin. remark, however, is in como degree applicable even to ALLROND PRENOMANON.—The letter of J. F. ahal aplica Whether it be the genuine antique described in this mabu. Shakespeare, who must bevo. Richard, or his play would week. We could not prepare it time enough for child script, we can, of course, have no means of ascertaining ; not be tolerated.. Mr. Payne, therefore, may surely claim publlcatlon, as two engravings are necessary to Dud

the writer'y reasoning. but as it appears to us to be a curiosity in its way, we shall come credit for bis materiel, at least, whatever elsс of fame is

10. 8. J. Will And by reference to the Pakeidoscope of the bere briefly describe it.

Brutus is a part eminently adapted to Mr. Vandenhoff's Instant, that his verses (the non-Insertion of the It is formed of a chocolate or light mahogany coloured |diversified and great abilities, and for the efficient represen. complains) have appeared smooth clay, resembling that of the red Etruscan vasentation of which he is in all respects peculiarly suited. W. H. J. is Informed that a letter, addressed to him by a silver mounted, with a flower sprig, like that of tea-tree, on Alternately idiot, patriot, soldier, magistrate, father but a

chester correspondent of the Kaleidoscope, awaits him the sides. It is of a square form, with the angles rounded off each the man he impersonales; evincing, in his conception SOLITARY WALKS.—We have to store for the nest Keleten -the spout very sbort, and the handle of dark hard smooth of them, judgment not less correct than vigorous, and de

wood, secured to the pot with silver. Each side of the veloping their respective and combined qualities and sub. we have further to acknowledge the communleation of square is four and a half inches, and the pot is four inches serviency to circumstances, with all

the force and truth

of in height, and it will hold about a gill.

genius and of nature. It is a performance that causes the It appears by the accompanying paper that the present through every vein. Scome hope to see it again and again Printed, published, and sold, every Tuesday, by handle and silver mounting were supplied by one of the in the course of the season, when we may have more space, persons into whose poression it devolved. At the bottom (united with greater convenience, to notice, at some length) | Liverpool, and to be bad of all Bookseller.

and Co., at their General Prioting Office, Lord

WM. KINNILY.

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" Minstrel of Erin."

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114.- Vol. VIII.

LIVERPOOL, TUESDAY, JUNE 3, 1828.

PRICB 3d•

The Liver.

tural and too modern a word for corporation, and an unna-, ton le Dale,” (for there are two Waltons,) but it would tural and too classical a place for it to occur between the not have pointed out its local position ; it would not have words common and seal in law Latin.” That “ societas” stated its proximity to any well-known place with that was an uncommon or unprecedented word for corporation, certainty, with that clearness, which the words “ Walton at the period to which he alludes, may be true ; but I can juxta Liverpoll" do. In directing people to any place see no reason why it should be called “unnatural." with which they are unacquainted, we generally say that Surely, Mr. Field does not mean to say that it was un. the unknown place is in the vicinity of some place that is natural at that time, any more than it is at the present, notorious, to which they can readily find their way, or to for a lawyer to write, or the law to be written, in classical which almost every person they meet is capable of directLatin.

ing them. It is not the magnitude of a place which ought To the latter reading he very properly objects. It is to form the ground of direction, but the notoriety.

altogether unsupported either by analogy or example. For any one to write “Sheerness juxta Queenborough,” (ORIGINAL.)

By rejecting “ societatis," we have three readings of would be of little, or no use, the former being much more

the inscription, to which I take the liberty of suggesting extensively known than the latter, though it is a royal boTEMPT TO ILLUSTRATE THE INSCRIPTION ON a fourth, by inserting signum instead of “ societatis ;” and rough, and sends members to Parliament. CORPORATE SEAL OF THIS BOROUGH, AND To then the whole will run thus,"Sigillum signum com We now come to the explanations which have been S-AIN THE MEANING OF THE WORDS “ LITHER- mure borgensium de Leverpl, or Leverpool ;" that is, given of the word Liverpool. AND “LITHERPOOL."

This word has been variously spelled ; but it-is geneThe seal, the common, or corporate sign, signature, or sanction of the burgesses of Liverpool; or, The common rally supposed that “Litherpool" is the most ancient spel

seal, the sign, signature, or sanction of the burgesses of ling, and that all the other modes are merely corruptions. His no field over which the imagination has roamed Liverpool.

In this opinion Mr. Field concurs. ore unlimited control than that of poetry; and

Of course, I give this, in the absence of all conclusive “At first,” says he, “I conceive, that whenever the pot, perhaps, any subject which is more indebted reasoning or documentary proof, merely as a conjecture, town was called by the common people Lyverpool, it was Feture than that of antiquarian research.

which any one is at liberty to adopt, or reject, as his judg. not from any respect to the lever, but in corruption of jus attempts have been made to decipher the in- ment inclines.

Lytherpool, as it is named by Camden, that is, the pool on the Corporate Seal of this borough, but in The correct interpretation of the word “ Jodis," on the of Litherland.” the result been completely successful.

scroll, is, no doubt, Johis, a contraction of Johannis. Mr. Why “ Lytherpool” should be called the pool of Lidefect has, l'observe, induced Mr. Field to publish Gregson's interpretation is whimsical enough ; and if the therland," I am at a loss to conceive. It has no imme

on the subject. It contains many judicious ob- bird on the seal be the "aquila Jovis,” I shall only say, diate connexion with Litherland; and if it had been inos; it accounts, in a very simple and natural man in the language of the poet, " heu quantum mutata ab illis.” tended to name it from any inanor or township, it is very the appearance of a D, instead of a B, in “ Bor. The eagle

, if represented by this simple, meek-looking probable that it would have received its appellation from and of a D, instead of an H, in the word “Jodis,” bird, has fully as much reason to complain of the artist as some of those which are in its vicinity, as Kirkdale, Walton, scroll; but there are some remarks in which I the Irish gentleman had to complain of his nurse, and Bootle, or Toxteth, and not from a place so remote as concur.

might, with equal propriety, say, “ I was once considered Litherland. le first place, Mr. Field thinks that “Sigillum” a very noble, majestic looking bird, but you have changed Litherland is a compound word as well as Litherpool, Finally written in full, and not as it now appears

that is, “ Lither-land,” and “ Lither-pool;" and the real. I am not of that opinion. There does not the word Liverpool has been spelled,

adds" it is remark of the adjective “Lither,” which is common to both.

Mr. Field, after enumerating a variety of ways in which only thing which remains to be explained, is the meaning er to have been space sufficient for inserting the full length; and I consider it as being almost able that, in one of the records of Edward III. we read Wal. Camden, the “ father of British topography," says, ble that any engraver, however stupid, ignorant,

ton juxta Liverpoll, which, considering that Walton then " that Lytherpool, in Saxon, is Liferpole,” and lifer," dering, could have mistaken the final letters in then, and very long afterwards, a very insignificant place, liver,” and that he knows “ of no authority except that

was, and very long afterwards, the parish—and Liverpool adds Mr. Field, “ means, in Saxon, the entrail called the um" for the contraction, which we now see, and

is to me unaccountable." Indeed, the S is so similar in its formation to the

of Troughton's History of Liverpool, for explaining Lias well as regular in its position, that I am induced

The reason why the record has “ Walton juxta Liver. verpool to mean the lower pool, as it was lately called by a lude that no interpretation can be correct from poll,” may be explained in the following manner: Records writer in the Liverpool Courier." t is excluded.

are documents of great public importance, and whatever Whatever truth there may be in the explanation which

they describe, ought to be done with the utmost clearness Troughton's History, or the writer in the Liverpool Courier e arguments which Mr. Field draws from the simi- and precision. It is not sufficient that the description may has given, upon whatever authority it may rest, it has, at fone to another be valid in his case, the simi- be understood ; it ought to be done so as to render it im- least, one thing in its favour, of which the “ father of fone S to another must be equally valid in this possible for any one to misunderstand it.

British topography" has not availed himself in the present rown part, I am inclined to attach considerable

Now, seaport towns, however small, however subordi- instance, and that is common sense. to both.

nate in point of ecclesiastical jurisdiction, are, in general, If Litherpool was written in Saxon Liferpole, (which I 'roughton's History there are two readings of this more publicly known than inland villages or townships, do not believe,) and if lifer there means liver (the entrail tion; the one, “ Sigillum societatis commune bor- upon whatever ground they may rest their claim to su- so called,) then are lifer in Saxon, and liver in English in de Liverpool ;" and the other, “Sigillum socie- periority in other respects. A sea port is always a certain translations of Lither,-and, by consequence, we get Lia immune donum regis in villa de Liverpool." Mr.mark of situation, as well as of distinction ; and, in the verland and Liverpool; that is, Entrail-land and Entrail. lopts the former of these two, with the exception present instance, the record might have said “ Walton on pool. Can any one believe this? Or was common sense rietatis," which he considers as being " an unpathe Hill,” which would have distinguished it from “Wal- ever more cruelly crucified ?

me."

CHIEFTAIN.

For the meaning of Lither, there is no necessity to dig

The Bouquet.

the removal of the danger, now so imminently pn either into the bowels of the earth or the bowels of man ;

should permit of his body being conveyed to a disting it lies much nearer the surface; and there is just as much

"I have here only made a nosegay of culled flowers, and have conveni in the north, where he was destined ultima

brought nothing of my own but the thread that ties them." repose with all his ancestry. reason in such an interpretation as there was in his trans

" A number of boats pushed off from various po lating certain British words inscribed upon

some stones or FUNERAL OF CONACHAR'S FATHER, THE HIGHLand the near and more distant shore, many displaying pillars on Salisbury Plain, (called Stone-henge.) “Chorea

banners, and others having their several pipers in th gigantum,” which the author of the “ Lex Parliamen.

who, from time to time, poured forth a few nei taria" says ought to be translated “ Conventus magna. (From Sir Walter Scott's Second Series of the Chronicles of the the Glover that the ceremony was about to take

shrill, plaintive, and wailing character, and intim tum.” Certainly there is not much sense in either Lifer.

Canongate.)

These sounds of lamentation were but the tuning pole, or Chorea gigantum; but of the two, it was far more

were, of the instruments, compared with the gene natural for the giants to be fond of a jig, than for the

which was speedily to be raised.

(Continued from our last.) people of Liverpool to name their village, or town, after

“ A distant sound was heard from far up the one of the entrails of a carcase.

even, as it seemed, from the remote and distant gla

“Simon Glover being thus left to his own painful re- of which the Dochart and the Lochy pour their Indeed, the giants evinced great judgment in selecting Alections, nothing better remained, after having attended to into Loch Tay. It was in a wild and inaccessin so roomy a place for their pastime; and as the devil was, the

comforts of the dumb companion of his journey, than where the Campbells, at a subsequent period, found no doubt , their dancing-master, he, perhaps, finding his :o follow the herdsman's advice; and, ascending towards strong fortress of Finlayrigg, that the redoubted a

the top of an eminence called Tom-an-Lonach, or the der of the Clan Quhele drew his last breath; and, pupils rather clumsy and awkward, set up the stones in Knoll of Yew Trees, after a walk of half an hour, he due pomp to his funeral, his corpse was now to be question to direct their movements.

reached the summit, and could look down on the broad down the Loch to the island assigned for his ten Mr. Field, in his essay, inclines to the opinion that expanse of the lake, of which the height commanded a place of rest. The funeral fleet, led by the ca “Litherland and Litherpool were sometimes called Liver. noble view. A few aged and scattered yew trees, of great barge, from which a huge black banner was die

size, still vindicated for the beautiful green hill the name had made more than two-thirds of its voyage en land and Liverpool." I think it is more likely that they attached to it. But a far greater number had fallen a sa- visible from the eminence on which Simon Gloves were called Literland and Literpool; and, in confirma- crifice to the general demand for bow-staves in that warlike overlook the ceremony. The instant the distant se tion of this, Troughton, in bis history, quotes the words age, the bow being a weapon much used by the moun- coronach was heard proceeding from the attendage of a grant made by Roger of Poictiers, to one of bis fol- taineers, though those which they employed, as well as funeral barge, all the subordinate sounds of lame lowers , of “ Literland,” that is, I presume, what we their arrows, were, in shape and form, and especially in were hushed at once, as the raven ceases to crout

efficacy, far inferior to the archery of merry England.-hawk to whistle whenever the scream of the eagle e would now write Loiterland.

The dark and shattered individual yews which remained, The boats, which had floated hither and thither op Almost every body knows what is understood by the were, like the veterans of a broken bost, occupying, in lake, like a flock of water fowl dispersing them very common and familiar expression, " the lither.man's disorder, some post of advantage, with the stern purpose its surface, now drew together, with an appeza load," namely, the lazy man's load.

of resisting to the last. Behind this eminence, but de order, that the funeral flotilla might pass awar

tached from it, arose a higher hill, partly covered with that they themselves might fall into their proper “Lither," then, means lazy, sluggish, loitering, in copse-wocd, partly opening into glades of pasture, where In the meanwhile, the piercing din of the var4i active, inert, stagnant, still, slow, soft, light, heartless, the cattle strayed, finding a scanty sustenance among the came louder and louder, and the cry from the sum unproductive, unfruitful, unprofitable, barren, &c.

spring heads and marshy places, where the fresh grass boats which followed that from which the black bu began first to arise.

the Chief was displayed, rose in wild unisco Lith, Litha, Lithe, A.S. Tener, mollis, lenis, milis ; ** The opposite, or northern, shore of the lake presented Tom-an-Lonach, from which the Glover viewed Lithra, mollior,” and the verbs, “ Lithian, Gelithian, a far more Alpine prospect than that upon which the Glover tacle. The galley which headed the processico, or Lithegian, lenire, mitigare, mollire, quietem dare."

was stationed Woods and thickets ran up the sides of the its poop a species of scaffold, upon which, arrajada Lye's A. S. Dict.

mountains, and disappeared among the sinuosities formed linen, and with the face bare, was displayed the

by the winding ravines which separated them from each the deceased Chieftain. His son, and the neareste Lither, placidus, tranquillus."-Skinner's Etymology. other ; but, far above these specimens of a tolerable, na- filled the vessel, while a great number of beauty

Lither, iners, ignavus, deşidiosus.”—T. Tomasius' tural soil, arose the swart and bare mountains themselves, description that could be assembled, either en Dict.

in the dark gray desolation proper to the season. itself, or brought by land-carriage from Loch En

“Some were peaked, some broad-crested, some rocky otherwise, followed in the rear, some of them de In Virgil we have "mite stagnum," a standing pool, and precipitous, others of a tamer outline; and the clan of materials. There were even curraghs, composed water quiet, and without surges. 'Ignavum pecus," Titans seemed to be commanded by their appropriate chief. hides stretched over hoops of willow, in the market Virgil : an : an unproductive, or unprofitable flock.

in tains,—the frowning mountain of Ben Lawers, and the ancient British ; and some committed themselve

still more lofty eminence of Ben Mohr, arising high above formed for the occasion, from the readiest materia Dutch, "lither" is rendered by " Lui, Traag," convey the rest, whose peaks retain a dazzling helmet of snow far occurred, and united in such a precarious manze ing the same meaning, though in different words. into the summer season, and sometimes during the whole render it probable, that, before the accomplishment

There is, also, a secondary sense in which this word year. Yet the borders of this wild and sylvan region, voyage, some of the clansmen of the deceased has been used.

where the mountains descended upon the lake, intimated, sent to attend their Chieftain in the world of spirits "Litha,” in Gothic, signifies a joint, a bent part, that tion. Hamlets were seen, especially on the northern mar- group of boats collected towards the foot of the lake

“When the principal flotilla came in sight of their which is inclined, bowed down, or lowered, and, by taking gin of the lake, half hid among the little glens that poured bearing off from the little island, they hailed read away the participial termination, ed, lower.

their tributary streams into Loch Tay, which, like many with a shout so loud and general, and terminada “ Litha neaso." -Goth. “The nose joint;" the junc. more closely approached, were disgustful and repulsive, from their caves for miles around, and sought there

earthly things, made a fair show at a distance, but, when cadence so wildly prolonged, that not only the tion at which the descent or bend of the nose commences. from their squalid want of the conveniences which attend recesses of the mountains; but even the dosent

It is said of Macbeth, that he was perfect of " lith and even Indian wigwams. They were inhabited by a race accustomed to the voice of man, felt the full pa limb;" and in the productions of our poets we frequently who neither cultivated the earth nor cared for the enjoy the human shout strikes into the wilder tribes

, meet with the expression “ lith and listen,” that is, in the ments which industry procures. The women, although them, fled from their pasture into morasses and its Scripture phraseology, “bow down thine ear and attend.” discharged all the absolutely necessary domestic labour. the monks, who inhabited the little idet, bear

“ Summoned forth from their contents by the “ Lentus in umbra.”–Virg. Reclined in the shade.” The men (excepting some reluctant use of an ill-formed from its lowly portal, with cross and banner, and

Lath, and lather, are from the same source. Lath is plough, or, more frequently, a spade, grudgingly gone of ecclesiastical state as they had the means of display that which is made thin or pliant. Lather is that which through, and as a task infinitely beneath them) took no their bells, at the same time, of which the edifice makes soft, pliant, or bending.

cattle, in which their wealth consisted. At all other times came to the ears of the now silent multitude, mine It is said that “ a beard well lathered is half shaved." they hunted, fished, or marauded, during the brief inter- the solemn chant of the Catholic Church, raised

The vulgar expression, lether him," does not merely vals of peace, by way of pastime, plundering with bolde: monks in their procession. Various ceremonies wat marn beat him, but , beat him until he becomes soft, pliant, wae,senich, public or private

, upon a broader or more re- body ashore, and, placing it on a bank long credit or yielding, or, in other words, until you make “ clay and stricted scale, formed the proper business of their lives, the purpose, made the Deasil around the departem mortar of him;" that is, make him as clay is made into and the only one which they esteemed worthy of them. the corpse was uplifted to be borne into the church, mortar.

“ The magnificent bosom of the lake itself was a scene united yell burst from the assembled multitude To conclude, I am decidedly of opinion that the epithet to gaze on with delight. Its noble breadth, with its ter- the deep shout of warriors, and the skrill val of Lither was prefixed to land, and pool, on account of its mination in a full and beautiful run, was rendered yet joined their potes with the tremulaus voice of age. being descriptive of their sluggish, inert, stagnant, marshy, happily sitaated in Scottish lakes. The ruins upon that for the last time, shrieked, as the body was create or unprofitable nature, at the time when it was bestowed. isle, now almost shapeless, being overgrown with wood, the interior of the church, where only the nearest It has nothing whatever to do with liver," either in rose

, at the time we speak of, into the towers and pinnacles of the deceased, and the most distinguished et fored English or Saxon : it is an error of Camden,--he has sub- of a priory, where slumbered the remains of Sibilla, of the clan, were permitted to enter. The last sel stituted sound for sense, and in giving the word a deriva daughter of Henry I. of England, and consort of Alexan- was so terribly loud, and answered by sa mear tion which is not only uncommon, but inapplicable, he deemed of dignity sufficient to be the deposit of the remain lainas o his ears, content out, or adeuded, at least on has rendered it ridiculouse

JOHN CLARKE, l of the captain of the Clan Quhele, at least till times when so piercing."-Vol. iii. pp. 77-86

course.

IMPROVED MARINE

A PERILOUS SITUATION.
| it; it was, at all events, impossible that this could hap-

Advertisements.
pen before nightfall.
(From Conway's Solitary Walks.)

In this dreadful and perilous situation evening passed away. No one appeared, and the river still continued to

DIORAMA, BOLD-STREET. rise. The sky lowered and looked threatening; the torrent THIS EXHIBITION is NOW OPEN, with a ose of my readers who have walked on the banks of rushed by, darker and more impetuous, every few mo- VIEW

of the INTERIOR of ROSLIN CHAPEL. dige, below Rovigo, in Italy, will know, that about a ments reminding me, by the wrecks which it bore along all the Workse oo Messrs. BOUTON and DAGUERRE, the

and a half from that town, there are one or two with it, of the frailty of the tenure by which I held my most beautiful effect of Passing Sunshine an effect so adin the midst of the channel, between which and existence. The shores, on both sides, were changed into mirably executed that it has excited the wonder and adare the water is not more than a foot deep; and wide lakes; and the red sun went angrily down, over a miration not only

of an extraordinarily large portion of who have never stirred from home have probably waste of red waters

. Night at length closed in, and a of both capitals, who have unanimously pronounced it the that the Adige is extremely subject to violent dreadful night it was. Sometimes I fancied the tree was most astonishing production of the Pencil ever witnessed. lations, equally remarkable for the suddenness of loosening from its roots, and sloped more over the water ;

(Open from Ten till Dusk. rise and fall, owing to its mountainous origin and sometimes I imagined the whole island was swept away, Admission: Front Seats, 28.; Gallery, 1s.: Children under and that I was sailing down the torrent. I found that my

Twelve Years of Age, Half Price. the evening of one of the last days of May, I arrived mind occasionally wandered, and

I had the precaution to Perpetual Tickets for the Season, 5s. each. te to one of these islands. The water was as pure as take out of my pocket a silk handkerchief, which I tore 1, gently flowing over a fine pebbly channel; the in several strips, and, tying them together, bound myself IMPORTANT TO PERSONS GOING TO SÉA.

which might be about forty yards from the shore round the middle to a pretty thick branch which supported PASSENGERS IN STEAM-BOATS, &c., AND TO PERwhich I stood, though more than double that dis my back: this, I thought, might prevent me from falling,

SONS LEARNING TO SWIM. on the other side, was inviting from its extreme if giddiness seized me, or momentary sleep should overtake jess, and from a profusion of hyacinths upon one me. During the night many strange fancies came over -a flower to which I am extremely partial. Three me, besides that very frequent one of supposing the island e trees also grew upon its edge, the trunks inclining sailing down the torrent. Sometimes I fancied I was IMPROVED

MARINE le water, and with but few branches. After a day's whirling round and round; at other times I thought the nothing is more agreeable than wading in a stream; torrent was flowing backward; now and then I fancied I I had sufficient time to spare, I resolved upon saw huge black bodies carried towards me upon the sur- LIFE

PRESERVERS, ig the island. This was soon accomplished ; 1 face, and I shrunk back to avoid contact with them; at the depth nowhere exceed two feet, and the island, other times I imagined something rose out of the water reached it, as agreeable as I had fancied it to be ; beneath, and attempted to drag me down; often I felt

2 3 ving culled a large bouquet, I lay down upon the convinced I heard screams mingle with the rushing tor- Warranted to support the wearer in the water, either naked th bank, and gave myself up to those pleasant re- rent, and once all sound seemed entirely to cease, and I ons of home, and past scenes, which the fragrance could have almost ventured to descend, so certáin I felt

or with his clothes on, and with a considerable weight flower brought along with it. that the channel was dry : once or twice I dropped asleep

of money, or other articles in his pockets. i lain, I think, about a quarter of an hour, entirely for a moment, but almost instantly awoke with so violent

EGERTON SMITH & Co. al of time and place, (a busy actor in scenes far re- a start that if I had not been fastened I must have fallen Have on Sale, at their GENERAL PRINTING OFFICE, Lordby both.) when my attention was slightly roused from my seat.

street, Liverpool, stant sound, which I supposed at first to be thunder,

The night gradually wore away-it was warm and dry, deal having been heard to the northward in the so that I suffered no inconvenience from cold. I became of the day; and when it continued, and grew nearly satisfied of the stability of the trunk, which was my

LIFE PRESERVERS. I still supposed it was one of those prolonged only refuge; and, although deliverance was uncertain, at

These Preservers may be put on as readily as an ordinary bich are so frequent to the south of ihe Alps. all events distant, I made up my mind to endure as long waistcoat, and they will sustain the wearer in the water, with owever, the sound changed, and seemed like the as I could: and thus I passed the night, under a starless the head and shoulders above the surface, without the slightd, as it became still louder, I started up in some sky, and the dark flood roaring beneath ine. Before morn

est exertion on his part. They will defend the body from and, what a sight met my eye! At the distance of ing broke I felt assured that the waters had begun to sub-external bruises, and keep the

wearer much warmer than undred yards I saw a mountain of dark waters side; the noise, I thought, was less; fancied I saw he would be without them. They form no impediment to towards me with inconceivable velocity, like a shrubs appear above water on the island, and the trees the swimmer; and any person may readily learn to swim by licular wall, and now roaring louder than the upon shore assumed their usual appearance; and, with the

their means. thunder. Not a moment was to be lost; the level first dawn of day, I joyfully perceived that

I had not been portance, as it is not necessary to take off any part of the

To persons wrecked at sea, they will be of the utmost imland would be instantly covered, and to gain the mistaken ; the waters had fallen at least three feet; and beas impossible for we cannot run through water fore sunrise the greater part of the island was left dry. Never wearing apparel; and the wearer may thus not only preserve itly made for the largest of the trees, and had bonds with more joy than I did mine that bound me to Marine

Preservers would be most invaluable, as they serve swiftness with which we pass over dry ground. did criminal, reprieved upon the scaffold, shake off his his clothes, but also any money he may be possessed of. an elevation of about ten feet above the island the tree. I crept down the trunk, which still hung over to keep the body warm and dry; nor do they, in the slighte flood reached it. As it came nearer, its power the torrent, and stepped about knee-deep

on the island ; I est degree, prevent the wearer from using the oars ; whilst, resistless; it seemed as if it would sweep the then waded to the part which was dry, and lay down, ex- by inspiring confidence, they may be the means of inducing rom its

foundations ; and I entertained not a raz hausted with the night's watching, and aching with the seamen to venture where it would be unsafe, or fatal, to go that the trunk upon which I was seated would position in which I had been obliged to remain.

without them. he force of the torrent. It came, and the tree

The water now continued to fall perceptibly every mod firm ;-it covered the island and all its vegeta- ment; soon the island was entirely dry, and the inunda. cessity of taking off any part of the apparel. They would

They are equally adapted for females, and supersede the nein instant; and I saw it rush beneath me, bearing tion on shore had subsided into the natural channel; but also be found most agreeable to Ladies, to be used over their ith it the insignia of its power and fury-huge still the torrent was too strong and deep to attempt a pas-ordinary bathing dresses. sand roots, fragments of bridges, implements of sage, especially weakened as I was by the occurrences of They may be had either lined or padded, and so made as to ld use, and dead animals.

the last twelve hours, and by the want of food. I had no adjust themselves to persons of all sizes. garded myself, the first and immediate danger of certainty as to the hour, for I had not, of course, remem- Persons in the country, who are desirous of becoming puron was over ; but a moment's reflection-one bered to wind up my watch the evening before: judging chasers, are requested to state about their weight, and their round me, showed that I had but small cause for from the height of the sun, however, the water had so stature and bulk. ulation. Betwixt the island and the shore, a tor- much diminished before noon, that in two or three hours The prices of the Preservers vary from One Pound to it po human strength could withstand rolled im- more I might attempt to gain the shore. About three in Twenty-five Shillings, or upwards, according to their finish ; ly on; and, although not fifty yards over, it would the afternoon 1 accordingly entered the stream ; I found and any person remitting the money (post-paid) may have en as impracticable an attempt to pass it as if its it nowhere deeper than four feet, and, with a little strug: one of the most complete description forwarded to bis adhad been as many leagues. The first rush had gling and buffeting, succeeded in gaining the bank which dress. tree unloosened, yet a second might carry it away; I once thought I should never have trodden more. The An allowance made for a wholesale order, or for exporta

flood was still rising. Almost every minute 1 bunch of hyacinths, which I had not forgotten to bring tion. erceive the distance betwixt me and the water from the island, I still held in my hand. I have dried a E. Smith and Co. pledge themselves to return the purchaseh, and, indeed, I was not more than four feet above few of them, and kept them ever since: never do I smell money, if these Marine Preservers do not answer the descripice. i had only two grounds of hope.--the most this flower, as I walk through the woods or the fields, that tion they have here given of them.

however, that ever was called by the name, -it I do not experience, in part, the sensations I felt when I It is presumed that these Marine Preservers would sell very sible that some person might see my situation from lifted my bead and saw the impetuous flood rushing to well abroad. e, before nightfall, and bring others to my assist- wards me; and, however dreadful the reality may be, the nd it was possible, also, that the river might rise recollection of it is not unmixed with pleasure. I often er, and speedily subside. The first of these chances open the leaves where lie these withered hyacinths, and !

Tide Table. of very improbable occurrence, for this part of cannot say, that, when I look upon them, I ever think ntry is but thinly inhabited, -the high road did they have been dearly purchased.

Days. dorn. Even. Weight. Festivals, &c. Llong the river side, and the shore, for three or four I yards from the channel of the river, was over,

Tuesday o the depth of probably three or four feet; no Physicians.-A physician recommended a patient to Wednesday 4 3 22 3 52 15 6 Moon's Last Quarter. ald reach the island; and it a rope or cord could take coffee in preference to tea. A person who heard him, Thursday 5 425 4 5914 6 Boniface. D. Cum, b.1771 wn so far, it was extremely improbable that I said, if he had prescribed the coffee for himself, instead of Friday .... 6 5 33 6 11 13 10 Trinity Term begins. Fateh it, as it was impossible for me to stir from tea, he should not have been surprised; for “physicians Saturday.. ? 6 49 7 26138

8 759 8 31 13 11 First Sunday after Trinity upon which I was seated; and as to any likeli. like to have a fee attached to every thing they have to do Monday . 98 58 9 24(14 7 the water subsiding, there was no appearance of with.”

Tuesday ..10 9 48 10 11 15 2

h. m. h. m. ft. in. 3 2 29 2 55 16 10

The following is a Latin version of the lines sacred 1

memory of the Rev. E. W. Barnard, inserted in th Kaleidoscope :

M.S.
REV. EDV. GUL. BARNARD, A.M.

CARMEN,

Poetry.

LINES.

Twine no more the cypress wreath,
Pace no more the" blasted heath;"
Weep no more, nor seek to brood
O'er hidden griefs, in solitude :
What avails it? Weal or woe
Rule alternate here below :
Happiness, ideal maid !
Wooed in throngs, or sought in shade,
Never, yet, to mortal sight,
Stood revealed in cloudless light;
Worshipped, but denied to earth,
Owning, still, celestial birth.

Mirth, to mirth address the vow,
Twine the rose around thy brow;
Quaff the fragrance of the spring,
Wake the lyre's ecstatic string,
And bid the descant, blythe and free,
Celebrate Euphrosyne.

Twine no more the cypress wreath,
This, though this the realm of death,
Boots not tears, or rending sigh,
Or anguish, e'en to agony;
Man must do his bidding here,
Be it marked of joy or care;
Dare the storm, and breast the wave,
And refuge find but in the grave;
Such the flat spoke of fate,
Such the doom on all that wait

Twine no more the cypress wreath,
Humid with the dews of death;
Seek no more the gloomy shade,
Hie thee to the sunny glade;
And should fest'ring wound within,
Fire the brain and bleach the skin,
Steal the roses from thy cheek,
And, oh, of dissolution speak!
Screen it from the prying eye,
Greatly suffer, greatly die!
Silent wait the curtain's fall,

Eternity thy hope,-thy all!
Lnerpool.

With what then, dost thou swell,

O youth of new-born day !
Wherein doth thy pride dwell,

O beauty made of clay!

Not with so swift a way

The headlong current flies,
As do the sparkling rays of two fair eyes

Do not thyself betray

With wantonizing years;
O beauty, traitor gay!

Thy melting life that wears

Appearing-disappears;

And with thy flying days
Ends all thy good of price, thy fair of praise.

Trust not, vain creditor,

Thy apt deceived view
In thy false counsellor

That never tells thee true.

Thy form and flatter'd hue,

Which shall so soon transpass,
Is far more fair than is thy looking-glass.

Enjoy thy April now,

Whilst it doth freely shine ;-
This lightning flash and show,

With that clear spirit of thine,

Will suddenly decline;

And yon fair murth'ring eyes Shall be Love's tombs, where now his cradle lies,

Old trembling age will come,

With wrinkld cheeks and stains,
With motion troublesome;

With skin and bloodless veins,

That lively visage reaven,

And made deform'd and old,
Hates sight of glass it lov'd so to behold.

Thy gold and scarlet shall

Pale silver-colour be;
Thy row of pearls shall fall

Like wither'd leaves from tree;

And thou shalt shortly see

Thy face and hair to grow All plough'd with furrows, overswol'd with snow.

That which on Flora's breast,

All fresh and flourishing,
Aurora, newly drest,

Saw in her dawning spring;

Quite dry and languishing,

Depriv'd of honour quite,
Day-closing Hesperus beholds at night.

Fair is the lily, fair

The rose, of Powers the eye!
Both wither in the air,

Their beauteous colours die;

And so at length shall lie,

Depriv'd of former grace,
The lilies of thy breasts, the roses of thy face.

What, then, will it avail,

O youth advised ill!
In lap of beauty frail,

To nurse a wayward will,

Like snake in sun-warm hill ?

Pluck, pluck betime thy flow'r,
That springs, and parcheth in one short hour.

[graphic]

Cara, vale, haud nostris revocanda heu! detibus um

Vale! at relicto corpore,

Tu ne credideris,
Barbitos ut taceat lacrymis manatibus uda,

Abesse luctus, et sequi

Quò monstrâris iter (Haud dubiè felix) animos non velle tuorum!

Nam verba suppetunt levi

Ah! talis fuerit
Noster ! quæ ingenti desunt superata dolore !

Nec triste sed gratum tui

Me desiderium
Antiqui memorem, dum vivam, linquet amoris.

Mihi si adesset carmine

Calliope, quo tu
Pollice si pepulisse lyram fas esset eodem,

Quandò potenti spiritu

Tempus mæstitiam
Lenîerit, largoque minùs (leviore reposta

Priscâque mente) laverint

Imbre genas lacrymæ,
Haud digno ingenium caruisset munere; Domen

Circumdedissent debitæ

Laudes atque decus Morte carens; dum sancta agerem præconia, nostrin

In versibus-dotes Deus

Has tibi nam dederat, Quodcunque est clarum atque bonum nituisset aute

Quàm fertile, et cultum fuit

Heu! fuit-ingenium,
Quæ tibi vis fandi, quæ mens divinior, orbi

Vulgâssem: ut olim cum tibi

Favit Apollo pia
Carmina Flaminii* reddenti, sic duce eodem

Et casta scripsissem et sacra,

Versus nunc lyricos
Nunc tristes elegos fundendo; meque pöeti

Cunctis fuisset luctul

Mors tua perpetuo.
Heu! non fata sinunt! meritis mea musa, dolor

Devicta permagno, tuis

Respondere nequit.
Vellem te radiis septum vidisse Camænæ;

Contaminari gloriam

Carmine nolo meo,
Corruptâ lacrymis citharâ; sed Tempus honeret

Mox æquius libramine

Jamdudum meritos
Pensabit sano, nomenque vigebit in omne

Perenne sæclum. Aures tua

Dum sic fama ferit
Cunctorum, nos virtutum meminisse juvadit.

Datos honores cernere

Perplacet hic infrà;
At magis in cælis sacrâ sublime corona

(Merenti enim datur) caput

Cinctum nôsse placet. Cestriæ, Apr. MDCCCXXVIII

• Some intention, it is said, exists of printingas; elegant translations made by the late Rev. Mr. Anar ornament of the latter ages of Italy.

G.

S G. FAROE

MADRIGAL

No. XV.- (CONCLUDED.)

SPECIMENS OF THE ELDER POETS.

BY PERCIVAL MELBOURNE.

SAMUEL DANIEL

DESCRIPTION OF BEAUTY.

(Translated from Marino

oh, beauty, beams,-nay, flame

of that great lamp of light, That shines awhile with fame,

But presently makes night!

Like winter's short-lived bright

Or summer's sudden gleams; Mow much more dear, so much less lasting beams.

Wing'd love away doth fly,

And with it time doth bear;
And both take suddenly

The sweet, the fair, the dear.

A shining day and clear

Succeeds an obscure night,
And sorrow is the hue of sweet delight.

Love is a sickness full of woes,

All remedies refusing:
A plant that most with cutting grows,
And barren with most using:-

Why so?
More we enjoy it, more it dies;
If not enjoyed, it sighing cries

Heigh ho !
Love is a torment of the mind,

A tempest everlasting:
And Jove hath made it of a kind
Not well, nor full, nor fasting:

Why so ?
More we enjoy it, more it dies;
If pot enjoyed, it sighing cries

Heigh ho!

TULIP AND FLOWER MANIA. The floral and horticultural shows which are taking in various parts of the kingdom, at this delicious ca the year, are a rational, useful, and delightful sau enjoyment, of a character very different from the mania which was one of the most extraordinary pe infatuation to be found on record. In Buckman'Hi of Inventions there is a very amusing chapter 02 which we shall give in the Kaleidoscope, and from we shall here cite a few instances of the kind of a which we have adverted.

“ The species of tulip Semper Augustas has often. sold for 2000 forins ; - and it once happened that

were only two roots of the kind to be had the ones! sterdam, and the other at Haerlem. For a marted species one agreed to give 4600 forins, together with an carriage, two gray horses, and a complete set of here

The Dutch furiu is two shillings of English share

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