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Literary and Scientific Mirror.

“ UTILE DULCI."

miliar Miscellany, from which all religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending LITBRATURK, CHÍTICISM, Menina

ERS, AMUSEMENT, elegant EXTRACT8, POETRY, AN KCDOTES, BIOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY, the DRAMA, ARTs and SCIENCES, WIT and SATIRE, FASHIONS, NATURAL HISTORY, &c. forming Handsome ANNUAL VOLUME, with an Index and TITLE-PAOK. Persons in any part of the Kingdom may oblain this work from London through their respective Booksellers,

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The Philanthropist.

| ous kinds,-the hair-breadth 'scapes and imminent told him he must do no such thing; for although

dangers' to be looked for from London sharpers, appearances were very much against him, still, as CIRCUMSTANTIAL EVIDENCE. pick pockets, and other adventurers, who make a the servant of the house had been in my room as

harvest of provincial inexperience, and “ live by well as the boy, she might have committed the theft. have, at various times, published in the Ka-their wits." I was duly cantioned to button up Upon this he proposed to have the lad taken up and Cepe, several most remarkable and well-authen- my pockets,-not to stand gaping at print-shops,-to examined at the Mansion-house; but I told him I d narratives, in proof of the appalling fact that have especial care of the persons I sat near at the should not appear as his accuser, and that I should

of our fellow-creatures have been judicially Theatre, and lastly, to get by heart that sublime take no other steps in the affair except insisting mned, and executed, upon presumptive or cir-couplet

that the suspected person should never be again antial evidence, which was discovered to be fal.

| “He who his watch would keep, this thing must don'
He who his watch wenld been

admitted into my room. is after the execution of the presumed criminal. Pocket his watch, and watch his pocket too.

. “Some weeks elapsed after this, during which the admit that circumstantial evidence is often “Armed with all these precautions, I arrived at boy was considered, by all who knew of the transaa to be depended upon than what is called direct what Cobbett calls the “ Great Wen," and took lodg-tion, as a thief, when at length the mystery was es ice that where several persons, apparently ings, by mere chance, in the very house in which Dr. plained. A friend had been supping with me, and when ut concert, or connivance, and not even sus-Johnson used to reside.—What a coincidence ! he rose to take his leave, he took up one hat, which he Lof malice or sinister motives, concur in their “I reached London in the evening, and as my hat laid down, observing that that was not his. He took opysuch testimony may be more safely relied was all the worse for the journey, and as I had my a second, and lạid that aside also, making the same han the direct evidence of one or two persons, I calls to make in the morning, I purchased a new remark. He then found his own, and was in the act ay swear to the main fact with which a pri- | chapeau, of the most approved fashion.

of taking bis leave, when I requested bim to stop a stands accused. Experience, however, has “I desired the servant to call me up in the morning, moment and show me the three hats, one of which I

«I desired the servant to call me up in the morning. I momen that the most plausible and connected circum- at seven o'clock, and to send for a hair-dresser, to found to be that which I had missed on the evening of

evidence cannot always be depended upon; give my provincial locks the true metropolitan cut. my arrival in London. On examining into the cir. he knowledge we have of this fact ought to I was, however, so weary with my long journey, that cumstance, I found that the first hat which my friend powerful argument for the abolition of capi. I did not obey the first summons of the servant, but had taken up, had been secreted in the festoon of Inishment, which ought to be superseded by snored away until about ten o'clock.

the curtain. On feeling in the window-seat, he had other kind of penalty, which would not put it “When I had breakfasted, and had been trimmed put his hand upon it on the outside of the curtain, the power of society to make anaple reparation by the hair-dresser's apprentice, I looked for my and had extricated it from its place of concealment

individual who, having been pronounced cast-off hat, in order to have it furbished up, but|“ I was very impatient for morning to arrive, by the laws of his country, should afterwards could nowhere find it. I had taken my new ope that I might make some reparation to the poor ad to have been the innocent victim of un-into my bed room, but was quite confident I had left fellow, whose innocence was now established. I Sed suspieien.

I the other in my sitting-room the preceding evening. dreamed of the affair all night, and rose early to singular narrative which we are about to pre. However, it was not to be found; and, as I was I perform an act of justice. When I told the servantour readers is entirely new to us, although resolved not to remain at the lodgings unless the maid where the hat had been so long hid, she ob ve assiduously sought for similar documents | mystery was explained, I called up thé mistress of served that she had often thought that the curtain

upon the important subject of circumstantial | the house and the servant, and informed them that was, lately, heavier than it used to be, as she raised ce of which we are habitually distrustful, my hat was missing, and that I could swear I had or lowered it. twice, in the course of our lives, had personalleft it the preceding night in my sitting room. The "I repaired, without a moment's delay, to the shop ence of the little dependance which ought to mistress and maid appeared alike surprised, and the of the hair-dresser, which was only a few doors off, Teed upon mere appearances, however suspi- search was renewed, but in vain.' I then inquired, and informed him of the fortunate discovery I had Cand however they may be strengthened by the who had been in my room before I was up, and made of his apprentice's innocence, adding that I sent testimony of respectable and disinterested found that the hair-dresser's boy had called at the should never have forgiven myself had I not interses One of these cases, which we shall here appointed hour of seven, and had remained alone in fered to prevent the punishment which it had by way of introduction to the narrative from the apartment, while the servant went up stairs to been proposed to inflict upon him. After having Derican paper, may appear rather trivial; but it apprize me that he was come. The mistress spoke so made the boy some pecuniary recompense for the o means so in reality: for although the life of the confidently about the long tried integrity of her sér- injustice he had sustained, I requested he would exdual implicated was not placed in jeopardy by vant, that my suspicions fell naturally upon the hair- | plain what he meant by saying that he took away with suspicions which fell upon him, his character dresser's boy. I accordingly sent for him and his him no hat but the one he had brought-although it bereby a temporary sufferer, and he would have master, to whom I stated what had happened; and the appeared, by the evidence of the mistress of the house Subiected, moreover, to degrading personal casti. | confusion of the boy was so evident that my suspi- and her servant, that he had not brought any hat. He

had we not interfered in his favour. As the cions of his guilt were fully confirmed. On being replied, that, in fine weather, he was in the habit of late cannot be related in the usual editorial asked what he had to say in his defence, he replied, attending customers, in the neighbourhood, as often bology, we shall, for the present, drop the plural with great trepidation, that he took 'no hat away without his hat as with it; and when accused, so in narrating the fact, as we find it amongst our with him but that which be brought. Upon this the unexpectedly, by me of having committed a theft, Seript notes.

mistress and maid observed that he brought none he was so confused that he could not remember any Phen I first visited London, several years ago, I with him; when his confusion was so much in thing about the matter." ed with me to the great capital my full share of creased, that his master expressed his conviction that Here, then, we have an instance of an individual,

apprehensions which strangers from the country he was the thief, and added, that he would give him as innocent as the child unborn, having been the rally entertain of the perils and dangers of vari-la sound flogging to make him confess his guilt I temporary victim of mère suspicion, which was tomoved by chance; and when we reflect that all of the hedge-bill, the only visible means of detection, and The latter, the forester of M. Varambon, testif circumstantial evidence may be equally deceptive. I which, for once, presented no charms to the spirit of on the evening of the alleged murder, he cheers

[graphic]

avarice, could not be established; every body either had approaching hastily in a direction from the stree we must conclude with those philanthropists who their own hedge-bill, or they never had any at all; and Sevos had disappeared, towards Cape's bouse. He would substitute some other punishment for death, the affair passed over, as do all others of a similar cha- perturbed ; his dress was disordered, and bis wil which bas, on several occasions, been inflicted upon racter, where, however strong may be the presumptions | pearance indicated great anxiety. He had very m

of suspicion, (that commodity whereof, upon such occasions, manner of a man eluding pursuit, for he was lookil persoas enure y guiness of any parucipation in the a liberal and gratuitous supply is never lacked,) there is every instant. As they met, the prisoner (for it offence for which they have paid the penalty of wanting that moral conviction, founded on proof, without started, and asking some confused question, with their lives. which there is no payment of the penalty of crime.

attention to the answer, passed on abruptly. 1 But it is high time to lay before our readers the

hal Six months had elapsed since the enactment of the fore- rester thought his conduct strange, but, as some

going tragedy, and its record was supposed to be regis. were very full of whims, he made it a rule never narrative which suggested this lengthened preface. iered' nowhere but in the tablets of oblivion, when, one his brains with trying to account for them. Bu It is from an American journal, and will, probably, day, the brigade of the Marshalship of De Boung drewcions, he acknowledged, became excited the nexta be a new to our readers as it was to ourselves.

| up before the door of Jean Cape. In the next moment, but, wanting the importance they would have

the house was surrounded, and an officer entered with a from being better supported, their expression or | party of gens d'armes. The terrified inmates, except have brought him into trouble-a thing, he obse Cape, attempted to escape, but the bristling of a dozen which, having enough at home, he always

bayonets at every door, evinced a decided objection in the eschewed. He was induced to reveal them to Ad (From the Detroit Gazette.) officer to any such precipitate moveinents.

Lorie, from hearing the latter express some

"Is your name Jean Cape?" said he to his unwilling opinion about the disappearance of Sevos, and his . The following interesting tale has been communicated host. What right have you to ask?" answered he of fate. This was all he knew. to'us, in MS. by an unknown correspondent. It is entirely the tiles ; " and what is the meaning of this intrusion ?"| The last witness, Claude Maurice, was called Den to us, and we presume it will be so to our readers ;

" Bah!" said his interrogator interrupting him, “I stood upon the stand, he turned partly round, a ? did not come here to answer questions, or to be tired to his eyes for a moment, with peculiar meaning.on

; : and though it purports to be taken from the Criminal death with a long story: I ask you if your name is Jean soner. The latter, as he encountered their sigris · Records," we will hazard the guess, that the writer ga- Cape ?"_" And I," said Cape. Now, what the pression, was observed to turn very pale, and

thered the incidents from some of the traditions which are devil! who wants to be entertained with your conversa though visible tremor, passed over his face. * to be found among our ancient Canadians. But from tio

ne But from tion?" continued the catechist, again cutting him short, love of mercy, if not for the fear of God," he e

and interrupting himself at the same moment; "can't you voice quivering with such excess of emotion as to , whatever source it may proceed, whether from a rare book answer in one word, yes or no? Silence gives consent," conscious presage of the nature of the yet unutter in the possession of our correspondent, or from his own he added, waiting but an instant for what, from the very mony, "destroy not an innocent man and his upl invention, we thank him for it. If it be from the former, judicious and reasonable method he adopted to arrive at family ; let not the soul perish, that a diabolical We should be happy in receiving further extracts; if the his object, he seemed likely never to get. “Guards, | may triumph!” “Silence !" said the Judge, el 'fatter, we would urge him to cultivate the talent with

with seize your prisoner!"-This was soon done with a man tions of decorum were shocked at the impropria

who had not even the use of his tongue left wherewith to appeal; “be you in such terror of justice, that ' which be seems to be endowed.

defend himself from violence; and the unfortunate tile. upon the sympathies of your accusers?"

maker was iastantly pinioned. Madam," continued "If I am bartering my soul as the price of very FROM THE CRIMINAL RECORDS

this hater of long stories, your husband has confessed said Claude, calmly, laying a slight emphasis his name ; you have not denied you are his wife, and these word, " that is my business, not yours."

children, too, are, no doubt, yours; I am commanded to “Go on, go on," exclaimed M. Ravet, ippa iu la the village of Pont.de. Vaux, in the then Province of arrest the whole: gens d'armes, conduct them to the “ Do you think I sit here to listen to your dialas

Bresse, now the Department of Ain, lived Jean Cape, an street !"-In an hour, the house had been abandoned to A little after night-fall, on the 19th of Febant · industrious, money-getting tile-maker.

the plunder of a riotous soldiery, and the ponderous door rice observed he was in the kiln-room, whaka 12, the same department lived, also, M. Julien Gau. of the dungeons of Pont-de-Vaux had closed upon Jean worked, when his master, the prisoner, carnets fridy, whom the King had honoured successively with the Cape and his family.

He seemed restless and disturbed, but suppesty offices of Notary, Commissioner, Receiver, Procurier Fis- The second day, being the 29th of August, he was citement against Sevos had not yet subsided, el, and I do not know how many besides. The lovers of brought out heavily ironed, and placed in the criminal retiring, when he was struck with the unusual · abstract merit (there are not many) respected his upright box of the Court of Pont-de-Vaux. Antoine De Lorme, his master's dress. looking at him more att mes the loaf and fish seekers, who opened their mouths a discharged or deserted soldier from the regiment of La saw spots of blood upon his clothes. The prista for the fragments of office like the gaping of a dry oyster, Sarre, lately returned from Brest, presented himself as uneasy under his scrutiny, for he asked me harti had the utmost regard for his rank; while the poor devils, the accuser, charging Cape with the murder of John Maurice, if I had never seen him before? Wind whom circumstances or propensities rendered unbelievers Sevos.

room immediately for that in which he slept, but in the excellence of that canon which forbids men to do M. Ravet, the Judge, directed the proceedings to com- pleasant impression produced by the singular er evil that good may come, feared his power. mence.

the prisoner, together with a vague and undefined M. Gaufridy proposed to purchase Jean Cape's kiln; The 19th of February, De Lorme said, he was in the hension, kept him awake. It was after midnig by a trifling difference of opinion presented a difficulty; kiln or over-room of Jean Cape, when the deceased stopped he thought he heard a step in the kiln-room, so the patrician offered too little, and the citizen asked too there as he was passing. In reply to some bantering from softly, looked through the crack in the doc, much; ro the one kept his money, and the other his tiles. Cape, on the success of his expedition, he exposed a hand. saw a sight that fixed him to the spot with borte.

In the winter of 172, John Sevos, a townsman of Pont- ful of half-crowns, boasting that his pockets were so bad laid upon the ground & dead body, for
de Vaux, returning from one of the manufacturing towns, stuffed as to incommode bim, and congratulating the stirred, nor could he hear it breathe, and than
entered the village in the dusk of the evening. In the other upon his better fortune in being able to travel with tiously to the door of Claude's room. The latta
morning the usual inquiries were made for him by his out such an incumbrance. He added something the wit behind it, and his master pushed it half-was open
friends, when it was found that his family were ignorant ness heard indistinctly, but understood the purport of it after appearing to listen attentively an instant, el
even of his return. They became alarmeil for his safety- to be, that the hardest way to coin money was to broil it apparently satisfied with his examination. 18
the disordered bustle of a search began; and his myste- out of a man's face. It might be, that the taunt about burning preparatory to puuing in the plates. I
rous disappearance furnished an excellent and prolific coining money contained some significant allusions, com- took up the dead body, and, with some of
theme for comment, wonder, and suspicion. The last ori. prehended only by the prisoner and the deceased; or it into the blazing furnace.
ginated in the general impression that he had money; and might be, that ibe sudden and excessive displeasure of the "An exclamation of horror escaped me,
is every little town is blessed with some people who know former was caused by the ostentatious display of wealth," and in an instant, before I had time to tij,
every thing, it was intimated, with many oracular nod. and his invidious comparisons; for there was something think, the prisoner held a long bladed knife,
dings and shakings of the head, which meant more than I inexplicable to the witness in the rage with which Cape for in my fright I could not tell which, close to
bave leisure to explain, that the life had been taken to instantly turned upon the deceased, and bade him carry

arry. “Execrable spy!” he said
“Execrable spy

you hare priced prevent any unpleasant inquiries about the booty.

bis unseasonable jeers and unnecessary company some- last secret, except one, you shall ever know." But the honest anxiety of the few was not to be entirely where else. He went off Jarughing, complimenting the a prayer, say it quickly, for you shall bear for disappointed, nor the praiseworthy curiosity of the many prisoner upon his amiable temper and winning manners, rable fool company, whose fate you bave taken disobligingly baffled by an obstinate secret ; for, at a short which he protested were perfectly irresistible. Cape, after to witness !" distance from the place where he was last seen, appeared a moment, followed bim, and at a corner of the road wit. The witness fell upon his knees, begging evidence of his fate, confirming the worst of conjectures. ness lost sight of them both.

| testing the secret should never pass his haps; anu The ground, inuch trodden, as if by men engaged in a "This," he said, touching the hedge bill, “I once his prudence in the very desperation of the portal struggle, had, in spots, assumed that fatal colour borrowed of the prisoner. I know it by a particular claimed a return of the favour he had done. of which robbers and murderers have such legitimate mark," and he pointed to a small cross, cut in the handle, the latter was examined after the death of A dread. Near the scene of conflict was fourd a hedge-bill, so filled up with dirt as to be hardly perceptible. plex, in concealing himself, that his master sp partially covered with earth, upon the blade of which That night be enlisted in the regiment of La Sarre, and prejudiced by his testimony. If he persista some hairs were sticking, matted with dirt. It was evi. lett the country early next morning. Sıx days since, he pose, he would be made accountable, for de dent the murderer had not immediately accomplished his returned, and unable, from what he had heard, to divest suspected. work, for the victim seemed to have partly staggered. himself of the belief that the unhappy Sevos had been the Whether he relented from motives of com partly dragged himself a few reet further, when loss of victim of a sorry jest, he had been at some pains to un policy, or from the compunctious horror of blood, by which his progress was indicated, and the vio ravel the mystery, of which, he said, he then held in his der, witness did not know. The prisoner to lence of the injury, had probably compelled him to lie hand the thread.

and compelling him to take the most horrid and by down and die. There wanted not the agency of SolomonHe coocluded by desiring that Claude Maurice and oaths to secure his silence, left him with a ver to resolve the disappearance of the body. The property | Pierre Vaudon might be put upon the stand.. : he kuew how to pardon, he knew also bus to areas

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The weight of this horrible secret, my Lord," con- full measure of that justice you are here to administer to study, had learned different sciences with rapid success, ed Claude, “became an intolerable burden. I started impartially."

and, in a very short time, was so well acquainted with the Dy own shadow. I was wasting away with feverish M. Ravet, scandalized at this disorderly interruption of Hebrew as to be able to read the Bible' in the original aty, and had half resolved to make confession to a the proceedings in which the dignity of office was treated | The young man who gave such promising hopes died a istrale, when Antoine De Lorme came a few days with so little ceremony; and yet unwilling, in a matter of short time after his return to Africa.

Les the kiln. and by bis questions relative to the un. such grave moment, to act with undue precipitation, a

ave moment, to act with undue precipitation, and Rainsey, who passed twenty years in the midst of necable fate of Sevos, determined me in my better perhaps it would not be uncharitable to add, partially, in- groes, says, they possess the mimic art to such a degree

fluenced by his modicum of the inheritance from the first that they can rival our modern Garricks. Labat assures had nothing to add, save, that during the former ex, woman, reluctantly permitted him to proceed; intimating, us that they are naturally eloquent. Poivre was often hon of the prisoner, he heard a man say that he however, that if the importance of his disclosure did not astonished with specimens of this talent in the Madeases; enough to hang Cape, but had conscientious scruples justify his rude and indecorous interference, a place would and Rochon has thought proper to insert, in his voyage to volunteering his iestimony. Casting another look be found him, in which he could cool his Quixotic ambi- Madagascar, the discourse of one of their chiefs, which, Cape, which he seemed to sustain with difficulty, the tion at his leisure.

even after that of Logan, may be read with pleasure is left the stand.

A slight bustle was heard in the farther end of the hall, Stedman, who thinks them capable of great improve prisoner was remanded to his dungeon, to be and a man was led out whom they said was taken suddenly ment, and who praises more particularly their poetical and at out in the morning to hear his sentence. ill.

musical talents, enumerates their wind and stringed ioanext day the ball of justice was thronged with an Waiting impatiently for the last word of the permission struments, which amount to eighteen in number; and, ant and enraged populace, the furious rabble load to issue from M. Ravet's mouth, and unheeding, if he nevertheless, we do not find in the list, the famous balafou, * miserable victim with every epithet of opprobrium heard, the import of his friendly remark about the pos- formed of twenty pipes of hard wood, which gradually di. ecration as he passed along; and when the Judge sibly cateful attention he might experience_" There," minish, and emit a sound similar to that of a small organ. speak, so eager were the spectators, that the hall said the stranger, pointing to De Lorme, and speaking in Grainger describes a kind of guitar, invented by the netantly hushed into deep and unnatural silence. tones of high excitement, “ stands the robber and assas- groes, on which they play airs which inspire a sweet and an Cape," said he, permitting his words to fall sin of John Sevos. I charge Claude Maurice and Pierre sentimental melancholy, the music of afflicted hearts and distinctly upon the ear of the criminal, “the Vaudan with wilful perjury: and I denounce Julien Gau. The passion of negroes for the song does not prove that you shall remain upon earth are fast diminishing. | fridy as the suborner of the false witnesses, and the con- they are happy. This is observed by Benjamin Rush, in would be wasted in indulging any longer a doubt triver of the horrible plot whose bloody enactment was on his description of the maladies resulting from their state La guilt, and the forfeit of your miserable life will the eve of its accomplishment. It was be, the covetous, of sorrow and misfortune. ast, however poor, alonement for your revolting the vindictive, the merciless oppressor, who, when John Beronicus, a chimney-sweeper in the same country, cr

You will die no common or easy death, and how. Sevos had fallen to the ground from exhaustion and loss hibited the phenomenon of a poetic genius, united to a proerey may sicken, or the compassionate weakness of of blood, carried the body to his house, and made its dis.fession which generally rejects the idea of a cultivated mind. nature may shudder at its circumstances of seem. appearance the groundwork of his wicked contrivances. the nicest taste must give his poems a place in Parnas elty, yet the avenger of blood is on your footsteps. It was he who, by excessive bribes, enticed Vaudan to his sus, though it cannot assign them the first. The traveller, te is for you no city of retuge. The forgiveness of perdition ; who added fuel to the rancorous hatred of Pratt, proclaims Hubert Pott the father of elegiac poetry you may supplicate, for its mercies are unlimited, Maurice, whose evil passions were already sufficiently in. in Holland ; and, in the Middlebury edition of the works pity of man you dare not ask, and need not hope. flamed against his master; who procured the enlistment of Beronicus, the print which serves as a frontispiece.ro ou for the sake of form, and not because I believe of De Lorme in the Regiment of La Sarre; and who has presents Apollo crowning the poet chimney-sweeper with vill be found virtue or help to you, in the indul. stood here till now, watching, with a detestable malice, of laurels. I you have any thing to say which may extenuate which done but he could be capable, the progress of his servant of Glats, in Silesia, has lately excited the aile, or hold out a hope of human deliverance?" work of desolation. Here is the widow of Antoine Du- public attention by his romances. Bloomfield, a plough

Lord," said the prisoner, rising slowly, with a plex,” said he, pointing to a woman who stood a little in man, has published a volume of poetry which has under surless as the vestments of the grave, but speaking advance of the crowd, " whose husband died of a pleurisy, gone several editions, and a part of which has been trans

self-possession of settled despair, “I know not and with whose conscience Gaufridy has twice tampered, lated into our language. Greenstead, a female servant, at are it is that Heaven has been pleased, in its inscru. to induce her to inform against Cape as his poisoner. I Maidstone, and Anne Yearsley, a simple milk-maid, of sdom, to visit me with this desolating judgment. I am John Sevos !” he added, pulling off his cumbrous Bristol, are already placed in the rank of poets. The mis3. it must have been for some deadly and unex. neckcloth, and exposing, as he pushed off the handker- fortunes of negroes form the subject of ihe muse of the

o, of which, in its displeasure, it has caused me chief from his head, a deep, unhealed gash, “who am last-mentioned authoress, whose works have gone through "ibe menory. I can say nothing, my Lord, which here, ready to establish my identity !”

four editions. We have also witnessed some of those al me any thing in this my extremity. But I trust On the 31st of August, Jean Cape, his losses amply in Africans, whom iniquity consigns to contempt and misfor. righteous dispensation of a just Providence, that the demnified from the overgrown wealth of his oppressor, tune, overcome the obstacles connected with their situs this fatal tragedy will one day be developed that was working at the tile-kiln.

tion, and exhibit a great expansion of mind. Several bavo od of an ionocent man shall not be shed like water, The first day of September saw Claude Maurice and entered the list of authors. up as quickly. Surely, there is a retributive jus. Pierre Vaudan chained, side by side, to the oars of a gal- Amo, skilled in the knowledge of the Greek and Latin latory though it sometimes be ; and when the time ley; in the mid-day sun, lay, baking, the crushed and languages, delivered, with success, private lectures on phiime in which the dark mystery, whereof I am this mangled form of Antoine de Lorme, who had expired on losophy, which are highly praised in the same letter." In de the unhappy sufferer, shall become a plain tale, the wheel ; and the dews of heaven, as they ascended the a syllabus, published by the Dean of the Philosophical entant testimony of those who have charged their next morning, carried up with them the sinoke of the sa- faculty, it is said of this learned negro, that, having exith the murder of an unoffending man, will not be crifice of Julien Gaufridy, whose blood had been drunkamined the system of ancients and moderns, he selected 3. to the truth of the last words í sball ever ulter. by the sawdust of a scaffold.

and taught all that was best of them. rotest before God, to whose presence I am hasten.

Amo became a doctor. In 1744 he supported a thesis Spidly, the unborn child is not more guiltless than | Gentle reader ! would you know how all this came at Wittemberg, and published a dissertation on the ab le foul crime for which I am wearing these bonds. about? You must ask the grandfathers of Pont-de-sence of sensations in the soul, and their presence in the punce the whole history of Claude Maurice, who | Vaux, who heard the story when they were little boys. human body. I day sworn away my life, false and wicked as the

L'Islet Geoffrey, a mulatto, is an officer of artillery, hat forged it. In the forgetfulness of passion I

and guardian of the depôt of maps and plans of the Isle of him. He swore to be revenged, and bitterly am I

GREGOIRE'S INQUIRY

France. The 23d of August, 1786, he was named Corring his vow. Save this, I knew not that I had INTO THE INTELLECTUAL AND MORAL FACULTIES respondent of the Academy of Sciences. He is acknow. Eron to any living creature; and wherein I could

OP NEGROES.

ledged as such in the Connoisance de temps for the year sited the enmity of the other witnesses, they know

1791, published in the year 1793, by this learned society, han I. This much I have to say, my Lord, that

(Concluded from our last.) ..

to whom L'Islet regularly transmitted meteorological of est though unambitious name might not go down

servations, and sometimes hydrographical journals. honoured grave, covered with unmerited obloquy, Their Industry, Bravery, paternal Tenderness, Alial His map of the Isles of France and Re-union, delineated one effort to rescue it from mingling with those of

Generosity, Benevolence, &c.

according to astronomical observations, the geometrical I am hampered in the toils and must submit.

operations of La Caille, and particular plans, was pubmy calamity, other than human, I am too sinful Among the number of authors who believe that the in- lished in 1707, year 5, by order of the Minister of Marine. to implore or expect, and of that, the last faint tellectual faculties of negroes are susceptible of the same A new edition, corrected from drawings transmitted by at yet lingered in my bosom is now utterly extin-development as those of whites, I forgot to recite Ramsey, the author, was published in 1802, year 10: it is the best

Hawker, and Beckford. The honest Wadstrom pretended, map of those isles that has yet appeared. o Cape," said the Judge, as he placed on bis head that, in this respect, the blacks have a superiority ; and Benjanıin Bannaker, a negro of Maryland, established i cap, “the measure of your depravity is full. Shipwith, the Arnerican Consul, is of the same opinion. in Philadelphia, without any other encouragement than re consummated a course of crime, already of dis. With respect to their intelligence in business, it is well his aspiring passion for knowledge, without books, except enormity, by making the last act of your life one known in the Levant. Michaud, the elder, told me that the works of Fergusson, and the tables of Tobias Mayer, tent malice. Get yourself ready to meet your he had seen them in different parts of the Persian Gulph, applied himself to astronomy. He published almanacks

as heads of great commercial houses, receiving orders, and for the years 1794 and 1795, in octavo, at Philadelphia is a pretty good play, so far," said a harsh voice, expediting vessels to all the different parts of the Indian in which are calculated and exhibited the different aspects needs one more actor!" and a sullen looking man, coast.

of planets, a table of the motions of the sun and moon, ace was half hid by the folds of a shawl in the On different parts of the coast there are negroes who their risings and settings, and the courses of the bodies of

a huge Deckcloth, his forehead as low as the eyes speak two or three languages, and are interpreters. In the planetary system. Bannaker has received his freedom, by a blue handkerchief, tied round the head, with general they have a very retentive memory. This has been Imlay says, that, in New England, he knew a negro, riangular tail sticking out behind, being a French remarked by Vaillant, and by other travellers. Stedman skilled in astronomy, who had composed ephemerides. He s substitute for a hat, stood out from the crowd. knew a negro who could repeat, from memory, the Al. does not mention his name. If it be Bannaker, it is Lord," said he, “my testimony is yet wanting, coran.

another testimony of his talents. If it be some other, it is wbich some in ibis presence will nos receive their' The son of the King Nimbana, who came to England another evidence in favour of negroes.

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Poetry.

OLD TIMES.

ald Times alast what stirring them.

Has Erin's minstrel chose,
To rouse the spirit from its dream,

To "Waken all its woes;"
Again to speed the barbed dart,
.In polson steep'd anew :
And lacerate the bleeding heart
***"By holding up to view

Old Times! Old Time!
Alas! why back recal the past

When life and hope were young,
And roses, all too bright to last,

Grew thiek our path along:
When håppiness tesplendent shone

On childhood's spotless breast;
Aða in a realm of Fancy's own
Was youth supremely blest?

Old Times! Old Times!
Why, crael, why restore the forme
" of long deputted joy?
Dlát to awake the brooding storm.

Aala to robe the @ky,
19 lurld clouds whose Atful glare

Can perte alone to show
Whöre erat on Dden blossomed tals
Prowns now a Vale of wok

Old Times' ola Times!
Wnstrel of Eden! cease, on consen

of upea gone by, to slagi
For dever more the dove pf Peace

May prune her ruffed wingi
Never reposo wichin the breast

Whence every Joy is torn;
And never can the days so blest,
The de old times return:

' ola Times1 Old Times !
Dear hallowed timesłaround you thrown,
* A halo'bright appears:
A'softened loveliness your own,

Gazed on through blinding team!
But ah, forbear of times the best,

The happiest cease to sing:
Por, minstrel, know, those hours of rest
No future time can bring.

018 Times! Old Times ! Lherpool

He had gone from his home at the death of the day,

.To stray la the twilight, his love by his side: He had bank'd in the ray of his Lilian's charms,

SPECIMENS OR THE ELDER POET And now he awoke to the clangour of arms.

BY PERCIVAL MELBOURNE.
Over his spirit, there came a sad spell
It was not of dread, oh, it was not of fear,

SAMUEL DANIEL
But a gloom on the soul of the champion fell,
To and all evanish'd that memory held dear.

Samuel Daniel, who was esteemed an elegant Oh! if in that moment bis heart felt regret,

historian in his time, was born in the year 1562,1 And he wish'd for the home that had just faded by:

ton, in Somersetshire. In the year 1579 he was i If the cheek of the dreamer was pallid and wet

a commoner of Magdalen Hall, Oxford, where her With the lone tear of sorrow that fell from his eye

three years, during which time be assiduously del Wonder ye not, for, though covered with steel,

attention to poetry and history; in both of which) There still is a time when the proud heart must feel great proficiency. Upon leaving the university, by Now again loudly sounded the deep bugle's blast,

tutor to Anne Clifford, daughter of the Earl of

| land, and, shortly afterwards, was made one of the He slung on his faulchion and mirror-like shield;

of the privy chamber of Anne, consort of James ! From the lash of his dark eye the tear-drop be cast, Then sprung on his war-horse, and rode to the field.

Towards the latter part of his life he retired!

at Beckington, in Somersetshire, where he died The onset is given, with ardour he glows, "The foremost in battle, in danger, is he;

month of October, in the year 1619; and over his He scatters destruction around on the foes,

his pupil, Anne Clifford, then Countess of Dorse From the unerring stroke of his good sword they flee;

| handsome monument erected, as a token of esteem And distinguish'd by all, proudly nodding in air,

talents, and respect for his memory. On the Is his blood-sprinkled plume, late unspotted and fair.

Spenser he obtained the office of Poet Laureat, in

was succeeded by Ben Johnson. His “History Hark! hark! the loud bugle is sounding again;

land," which he brought down to the reign of Its tones are of triumph-the battle is won !

the Third, is spoken of as an admirable perfel But where is Lord Ronald, the bravest of men ?

being written in a concise and nervous style H Oh! where is the star of the victory gonelThey stay'd for Lord Ronald, they listen'd in vain

works are tragedies, pastorals, and epistles; and

wrote an elaborate poem on the civil wars bete To hear his known voice, or his feet charger's tread;

Houses of York and Lancaster. His versification is They gaz'd all around them, but nought on the plain

his diction elegant, and there is, through the whole Was seen, save the heaps of the dying and dead; At length they discern'd on the ground his white steed,

poems, a rich display of poetical images Lying lifeless and cold, from his brave rider freed.

SONNET. They sought for Lord Ronald, they sought for his grave,

They sought for his corse on the blood-cover'd land; Fair is my love, and cruel as she's fair; And there, 'mid the slain of the foemen most brave,

Her brow-shades frown, altho' her eyes are un In death lay the chieftain, his sword in his hand;

Her smiles are lightning, though her pride despati His eyes were unclosed, though their lustre was p'er,

And her disdains are gall, her favours honey. His black curling locks with his life-blood were stain'd,

A modest maid, decked with a blush of honour, But they mark'd, as his form from his death-bed they bore, Whose feet do tread green paths of youth and That a fearless defiance his features retained :

The wonder of all eyes that look upon her: Alas! that the grave should envelop in night

Sacred on earth; design'd a saint above; The frame of so noble, so gallant a knight.

Chastity and Beauty, which are deadly foel,

Live reconciled friends within her brow The eve ere the battle, when goblets foam'd high,

And had she Pity to conjuin with those, When the proudest and bravest encircled the board,

Then who had heard the plaints I utter dort Who prouder than Ronald—who with him might vie?

For had she not been fair, and thus unkind, Now where is the pride of the warrior-lord ?

My muse had slept, and none had known my In the moment of conquest and glory struck down, In the reign of his strength and his prowess lald low :

EARLY LOVE In vain hast thou wove, lovely Lílian, a crown of rose and of laurel, to twine round his brow:

(From Hymen's Triumph) With banner of sable, with cypress and pall, "Twas thus the dead hero was borne to his hall.

Ah, I remember well (and how can I

But evermore remember well) when örst Afar did the mourners see Autt'ring in air,

Our flame began, when scarce we knew who Lord Ronald's gay pennon of crimson and blue;

The flame we felt; when as we sat and sighi And now on the battlements, stately and fair,

And look'd upon each other, and conceird A light form of beauty and youth met their view

Not what we aild, yet something we did afl, "Twas Lilian--there had her bright eyes long beam'd,

And yet were well, and yet we were not well To gain the first glance of her lord as he came,

And what was our disease we could not tell. And when she beheld them in distance, she deem'd

Then would we kiss, then sigh, then look: and me 'Twas her warrior returning with conquest and fame;

In that first garden of our simpleness And quick from her turreted station she prest,

We spent our childhood. But when years berad In th' hope to enfold him in joy to her breast.

To reap the fruit of knowledge; ah, how theu The gates of the castle were thrown open wide,

Would she with sterner looks, with graver brow, She caus'd the shrill trumpets in gladness to play:

Check my presumption and my forwardness ! Yet maryeli'd she much why so long did abide,

Yet still would give me flowers, still would show So tardy Lord Ronald advance on his way:

What she would have me, yet not have me kos. Too soon to her eyes came the slow solemn troop of the vassals, all drooping, with aspects of grief,

SONNET And fast beat her heart as she look'd on the group

The train pass'd the portal, but where was the chief? I must not grieve, my love, whose eyes would reset She rush'd from the hall, and his corse met her eyes

Lines of delight, whereon her youth migbt salle The warrior's bride with the warrior lies!

Flowers have time before they come to seed, Manchester.

J. BOLTON. I And she is young, and now must sport the

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• Vide "Tales of the Munster Festivals,” vol. 3, p. 259.

LORD RONALD.

Loudly and shrilly the deep bugle rang,

And from sllence of slumber Lord Ronald awoke; He arone, gazed around, and he thought, with a pang,

On the charm which the tone of that bugle had broke; For a beautiful viston håd borne him away

Tobia far distant dwelling and gracerul young bride

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Ieport, sweet maid, in season of these years,

d learn to gather fowers before they wither; where the sweetest blossom Arst appears,

love and youth conduct thy pleasures thither, en forth smiles to clear the clouded air, 2 calm the tempest which my sighs do raise: Lad smiles do best become the fair:

and smiles must only yield thee praise. me to say, when all my griefs are gone, ppy the heart that sigh'd for such a one.

NEW VERSION OF THE POPULAR SONG

“ HOME, SWEET HOME."

Tander 'mid regions more fair than our own, ithe breezes blow softer, and earth is more bright; not the beauty of nature alone iwakens the soul to the purest delight;

Home, home! sweet, sweet home! in is still wanting.-th'enchantment of home

gaze upon skles of a lovelier blue the cloudier heaven'that look'd o'er our birth, & among dow'rs of more exquisite hue the blossoms that droop on our own native earth;

Vainly, vainly we roam, m is still wanting-ch'enchantment of home. ligger with eve in some far happy vale, calmly the day melts away like a dream; e nightingale pours on the stillness her tale, lence, enraptured, a-listens her theme ;

Home, home! sweet, sweet home! barm is still wanting, th' enchantment of home. why the deep throb of feeling is still? hence is the sigh, and the quick starting tear? the region be bright as it will, achantment of home can alone make it dcor ;

Home, home! sweet, sweet home! form is still wanting, and that charm is home.

iscellanies.

The new building is quite separate from the old, and appears to have no connexion with it. The finishing will

cost at least half a million. The whole is to be ready by STREET MEETING

the middle of May, when the King will give a fête ; bue,

according to others, by August. We regret to find that A newspaper, some years ago, gave the following charac the beautiful paintings in St. George's Chapel are about teristic specimen of what be calls that ancient formula,"

las to be destroyed ; part of them are so already, they being

patched, and the ceiling and sides mostly spoiled, though which may be termed an Englishman's dialogue:

painted by the greatest masters, and forming attractions A-(Advancing) "How d'ye do, Brooks?"

io visitors from all quarters. The Throne is removed B_ Very well, thank 'e; how do you do?"

from St. George's Chapel, and will be replaced by a new A "Very well, I'm obliged to you."

one.' The flooring is done in oak, in imitation of Mosaic

The borders round several rooms are in small pieces of B_" Mrs. Adams and the children are well, I hope."

about (wo inches wide, and has are in small pieces of

about two inches wide, and short lengths. Two rooms A_"Quite well, thank 'e." (A pause.) were completely hung, one with dark blue paper, and B_" Rather pleasant weather to-day."

'broad crimson border, covered with gold ; the other A "Yes, but it was cold in the morning."

is of a delicate salmon colour. The Royal kitchen is very B_“Yes, but we must expect that at this time of the

large, a fire-place at each end, and arches for chimneys.'

The yard of the quadrangle presents a heap of building year." .

materials and rubbish. Toe gallery is built quite new [Another pause, neckeloth twisted and twirled about.] from the foundation, as far as two sides are concerned ; St. A-" Şeen Smith lately?".

George's Hall förms the third 'side, and the round tower, B—"No, I can't say I have; but I have seen Thomp

with the mound of earth upon which it stands, forms párt

of the fourth.
son."
A _“Indeed; and how is he?"

Throwing the latchet is a phrase very frequently made
B_"Very well, thank 'e."

use of, but its etymology may not be so generally known. 4_" I am glad of it." Well, good morning."

In the fourteenth century the situation of public execu

tioner to the city of Florence became vacant, and, as it was B_" Good morning."

a place or considerable emolument, there were three can. Here it is always observed, that the speakers having didates :-A day was appointed for a public display of taken leave walk faster than usual for some hundred yards, their several abilities; the first candidate, with a knife,

separated the head of the victim from his shoulders in a WINDSOR CASTLE.

mar.ner that would have done credit to the skill of a Cooper

or an Abernethy-but he was outdone by the rapid stroke His Majesty has been sufficiently well to inspect the of the second, whose glittering broadsword struck terror new quadrangle which is now about being added to Wind. | into the hearts of the surrounding multitude. The third. sor Castle; and as the construction of this truly splendid and least promising, held in his hand a short hatchet, and edifice is conducted under regulations for the most rigid when the victim was extended with his head on the fatal exclusion of prying curiosity, a' few particulars may not block, approached him, and, in a low whisper inquired if prove unacceptable to our readers. Mr. Wyatville, the he was a swift runner, and if he could swim wel ? On architect, is ordered by the King, under pain of Royal dis. being answered in the affirmative, he desired him to spring pleasure, not to allow any person whatever to see the inte. on his feet and cross the river. The executioner then rior of the new structure. In consequence of this strong pro. putting on a fierce look, swung his weapon round his head, hibition, Mr. Wyatville was under the necessity ot' refusing but instead of making it descend on the devoted creature's admittance to individuals of the highest distinction. Lord neck, struck it with great force into the block! Shouts Gambier, and party, and even Bishops, tried in vain to of execration rose from the crowd, and the trembling gain access. The utmost splendour and magnificence wretch, astonished at his wonderful escape, had nearly reigas throughout the apartments. The paper hangings gained the opposite bank of the river before any steps are covered with gold.' The silk hangings are wrought in were taken to pursue him. He had scarcely, however, panels made on purpose. The flowers and borders con- gone ten yards on dry land, when the executioner, taking sist of a species of embroidery never before seen in this steady aiin, threre his hatchet with such effect tbat the country. Different individuals were employed in the body continued running some time after the head was off!! manufacture thereof; so that no one out of doors could see the tout ensemble. In his Majesty's bed-room there is

Drunkenness. What is it that saps the morals of youth a bath, the vapours of which, when heated, must rather

ther -kills the germ of generous ambition-desolates the doprove an inconvenience. In the centre stands the bed. /mestic hearth-renders families fatherless digs disho. which, however, was not yet fitted up during Passion poured graves ?--Drunkenness! What makes a man week. It is to be placed in a recess, opposite to the tire. shunned by the relatives who loved him-contemned by place. On the left hand of the bed is a large Gothic win the contemporaries who ou stripped bim-reviled by the dow: the bath on the right. There are three doors in the very wretches who betrayed him ?-Drunkenness! What room, one communicating with the dressing-room.

fills our asylumns with lunatics_our ponds and rivers with Another door opens to a private staircase. leading to the suicides-bur jails with thieves and murdererkour streets Terrace, and from thence to a private garden of about an

in with prostitution ?-The same omnipotent vice! He, who, acre. The avenue is by a double stone staircase, or flight by precept, whether oral or written, shall succeed in renof steps of as vast dimensions as that fronting Greenwich dering drunkenness detestable, and sobriety an inviolated Hospital, and a raised terrace surrounds the garden, and virtue throughout the land, will confer on the humbler separates it from the park. A fountain of artificial water classes of society a boon beyond all price.- Observer, work is to decorate the garden. The ceilings are all bighly

ceilings are all bighly | Natural History.-Lord Kaimes relates the following ornamented with gold. The windows are all of superb

aneçilote in illustration of the phenomena of natural hisplate glass, most of them five or six feet high, and about 1

out tory:-"A brood of stone-chatters, taken from the nest, three feet wide. There are four huge panes to each window,

dow: were inclosed in a cage; the door was left open to admit made to lift, each pane being framed by itself, slipping in the mother, and was then shut upon her. After many a groove, and lifting up separately, so as to form a dis.

attempts, finding it impossible to get free, she first put tinct window. They are of the most costly materials.h

materials. | her young to death, and then dashed out her own brains One room on the private staircase has a glass dome or lan.

against the side of the cage. Similar stories of parrots tern, with ornamented stone-work of the finest texture, re.

and domesticated birds are very frequent. I recollect a sembling fillagree. There are 300 rooms, requiring 500 parrot exhibiting tokens of joy for upwards of an hour, on servants in constant attendance. The yard of the qua.! in

le qua. The return of his mistress, after an absence of some months: drangle is flanked by two galleries on two sides, one the lady was absent on the following day for three or four upwards of 200 feet long, and beautifully wrought, look- bours, during which time the poor bird died of what may ling into a quadrangle, and giving light to the inner gal. be termed excessive grief." lery. The metal poles, for the window-curtains. are fixed, but covered. Some of the doors, and double doors, d Flight of a Knight of the Hammer.-An eminent have five hinges, of the most expensive kind and work auctioneer, not far from Great Whelnetham, in selling a manship, costing 303. each. Plate-glasses are in every windmill by auction the other day, by way of recommendoor throughout the building, excepting the bed rooms. |dation, observed, * The mill is seated upon the summit A new door is cut through the quadrangle, leading in a of a beautiful eminence, towering beyond obstruction : straight line to the Long Walk, and affording a perspec- she opens her nostrils to the atmosphere, and, while she in. tive of three or four miles. One of the stone bronze hales the breeze, her revolving powers (at an immeasurable chimney-pieces is supported by two fawns, each holding tate) wheel the wealth into the coffers of her possessor." Stwo cupids in his arms, and looking towards the fire. Suffolk Herald.

LE PRINTEMS.

Repoussé vers d'autres climats,
L'hiver en grundant se retire,
Brisant le givre sous ses pas.
Fougueux précurseur de Zephyre,
Vulturne parcourt son empire,
Devant lui chassant les frimas.
la neige, au sommet des montagnes
S'affaisse ; et déjà les ruisseaux
Ont rendu la joie aux campagnes;
Palès s'éveille au bruit des eaux :
Le vaile qui couvrait la terre,
Par les feux du jour consumé,
Laisse voir la pointe légère
Du gazon déjà ranimé.
Quittant la cabane fumeuse,
Le vieux Lamon sur ses guérets
Porte un regard ; suit les progrès
De la plante encore frileuse ;
Addresse des Voeux à Cérés,
Et sur sa promesse flatteuse,
Fonde, en souriant, ses projets.
Mais un espoir plus doux encore
Fait sourire le jeune Almin;
Il a vu se lever l'aurore,
Il est déjà sur le chemin
Qui condait au hameau d'Estelle.
Que de roses sur ces buissons,
Que de bluets dans ces moissons,
Bientôt il cueillera pour elle !
Et da taillis mystérieux
Peut-Il voir la feuille renaitre,
Sans songer que demain, peut-être,

Ils viendront s'y chercher tous deux ? , 1828.

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