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Is and deposits of earth so extensive and ruinous that inanufacture, supply them at a price lower than can benefited by the purchases of the materials necessary to levelled every thing they encountered, increasing the afforded by the manufacturer, who has his livelihood to form such an accumulation of articles, exceeding any itation, and, apparently, the earthquake itself.

earn by his labour, else it would not be possible to com- 'former exhibition, both in quantity and variety, mostly of us, my friend, we passe:l that night, and the six sucng ones, in unspeakable anxiety ; and I assure you

pete with the wary sliopkeeper, whose eye and heart are Brilish fabric, too, and none of which would, probably, the whole four first days we had only one continual ever on his business. By far the greater portion of ar- have been required had not the desire to contribute to a quake. Afterwards intermissions occurred; but we ticles sent to these institutions are sent under these circum- praiseworthy object been excited. It was also intimated, it, on this account, fail to experience shocks and stances. Ladies, who, from inclination, for pleasure, or that many wealthy individuals had employed others, in as great as before; for the high hills on each side of for want of other employment, employ themselves in this reduced circumstances, to provide their contributions, nza had become united, and for eleven days this

way, neither wish, nor seek benefit or remuneration to thereby stultifying the strongest objection that I have lant stream was not able to break through the obstabetonen ite passage. so that we consider the cities themselves, their sole object being to benefit the institu- / heard urged against bazaars, viz., that they inflict injurv ma and La Viciosa as inevitably exposed to inun- tion; how, then, is it possible that the tradesman, who, on deserving females, who depend on their needle or pencil

and we anxiously wait to hear the fatal result of having the full price of labour to pay, the profit of the for support; but with such a remedy in their own hands, Irsting of the barrier. There is not a church re- most

master.manufacturer to pay, his own heavy rent, and more I hope, ere long, to see all opposition by the wealthy and ng in the whole of the canton; and only a few habi. Kouses are to be found. The above rapid rivers have

than a proportionate share of heavy taxes to pay; how is influential done away. In Suffolk a sale of useful and orBed A ds on to the others: as they all appear it possible that he can conduct his business on an equal namental work was lately held, at which titled ladies pre. kes, and have overwhelmed the property of the in footing with these bounty-fed institutions ? But this is sided at almost every table ; and not many months ago our Ats, covering the surface with mud and broken not the only evil. Who, I ask, can contemplate, without amiable Diocesan patronized a bazaar at Chester, for the leaving them reduced to the most hopeless wretch

sorrow, the consequences which, if carried into effect, it promotion of Infant Schools, in which Mrs. Bloomfield because there is no earthly power which can relieve

must produce among the industrious poor of Scotland took an active part. o this date we have heard of the death of 202 per- and Ireland ?

I understand that no less than £409 was received at the the canton, the particulars of which we have not The poor people of Scotland and Ireland (but more Music-hall on the two days the bazaar was held, and that ile to ascertain, because the water has rendered the particularly the former) have, for a number of years, been the managers are of opinion that the work unsold (about bication almost impossible between different places, employed in the working, (sewing) tambouring, &c. of £60 worth) would all have been disposed of, had not the vast ause the people are so disheartened that they have

muslins, (it is by this branch of business that the institu-l influx of company prevented very many from reaching the abandoned themselves to grief, and do nothing lent an existence perhaps less desirable than death tions are mostly supported ;) hundreds and thousands of tables, and laying out their money; indeed, for a great families in Scotland are supported by their labour in this

part of Thursday, the room was a dense mass of wellletter of November 27, from the curate of Jagua, way, and although it provides for them but a miserable dressed people, and it was a very gratifying reward to that the number of the dead amounts to 235. The

existence, (a poor argument in favour of taking it away those ladies who had, with so much fatigue and anxiety, waza was said to be still stopped when the last passed it from Popayan; and the day before yes.

from them altogether) yet, without it, or at times when matured the plan, to be so well supported by the public, the Governor sent to the Commandant, Mayer, to employment is scarce, they become paupers, dependant on though the sale of the work was thereby impeded. To ur to effect a passage for the waters. The town eleemosynary charity.

those who obtained access to the orchestra and gallery, the aloupe is inundated, and the place where it is can If a missionary bazaar be established in this town, and coup d'æil was most brilliant, and, I apprehend, the im. tered only by the tower of the church, the only the exam

the example be followed in all other towns of importance at is to be seen. The earthquake was very violent

pression will not soon be effaced. But my motive is not, 3 but only two young men were lost, who sacri. sacri: throughout the kingdom, to what incalculable consequences

were I able, to describe the beautiful spectacle which the ir lives in leaving a church.

will it not lead to what want of employment, and con-objects, animate and inanimate, afforded. I wish rather etter received from Cali, we know that the Cauca, sequent distress and misery among the poor, particularly that the benefits should be perpetuated; that the Infirmary other rivers, bring down into the valley a great the female portion of Scotland and Ireland-to what losses should derive the advantage of such an undertaking: that pai: and that among the Cordilleras, sounds were

at home among industrious tradesmen, who are, even now, the taste and talent of the young ladies, which have been ke the report of cannon of a large calibre.

"hard run" to stand their ground amid so much bank-cultivated with so much care and expense, should not be ruptcy and ruin?

allowed to remain inactive, or only employed on them. Correspondence.

To conclude, if the zealous promoters of missionaries will

ssionaries will selves-that they should be made to feel practically that it only consider how the people of the United Kingdom now

is really “ more blessed to give than to receive," and that POLICY OR IMPOLICY OF BAZAARS.

groan, from the continued weight of never-ceasing contri- their acquirements are only valuable in proportion as they

butions, which, in their zeal for the promotion of Chris- conduce to the benefit of their less endowed fellow-creatures. he writers of the following letters (the former ad-tian knowledge, they still pay, pay on, unable to pay, I cannot conclude without expressing my gratification to ourselves, the latter to the editor of the Satur- yet unwilling to desist, they will pause, ere they attempt that Mr. Lynn, of the Waterloo, whose liberal conduct Fertiser differ so widely in their views respecting to levy an additional tax, and one, too, that will be consi- has been so often the theme of praise, should, on the pre. for the sale of articles for charitable purposes, dered the most weighty, as well as not the most ho.

sent occasion, have afforded such generous aid to the ladies I bere present their respective opinions, leaving our nourable.

P. P.

in their arduous undertaking. To these ladies I will not I to form their own judgment on the subject, from

presume to offer any thanks; the praise of others they ments advanced by each writer.

SIR,-The decided success which has attended the La-

seek not: the desire to be useful is their motive, and verily

" they have their reward." TO THE EDITORS.

dies' Bazaar, held this week, though for a peculiar object, LEMEN.-It is somewhat against my will that I and supported, for the most part, by ladies approving that

Che Kaleidoscope. Jupon your valuable space, especially, as in the object, induces me to suggest, through you, the propriety Prese. when the subject is not such as is exactly of establishing one for the bencfit of the new Lunatic your columns; but without their assistance, I 1 Asylum, now in abeyance for the want of funds.


This nake known what I have to say upon the above

e would unite all suffrages, obtain nearly universal support,

and, perhaps, his Worship would grant the use of the The editorial paragraph subjoined, which is from Erstand that it is now in contemplation to establish noble suite of rooms in the Town-hall, which, indeed, is the Mercury, is here introduced as an appropriate, hary Bazaar, nearly similar in principle, though

the only place in Liverpool sufficiently capacious to accom- and, indeed, necessary introduction to the article e extensive scale, to the one already established,

modate the numbers who are attracted by such interesting from the Franklin Gazette, which follows it. en by the name of the Ladies' Charitable Reposi

and splendid exhibitions. I am persuaded that as much rich institution is, I am bound to believe, in every money would be raised by a bazaar, as was awarded to 1 MR. COOPER, THE AMERICAN TRAGEDIAN, AND

THE COCKNEY CRITICS. well worthy the support of the public. That it

the Infirmary from the proceeds of the festival. I am Loloyment to many an individual who would other aware that many entertain serious objections as to bazaars Our readers may recollect that Mr. Cooper. formerly unemployed, and that the profits derived from altogether; and far be it from me, either to excite angry styled the American Roscius, lately appeared on the Lon.

management are expended in the most praise- or controversial feelings by my suggestion. We cannot, don boards, and was most ungraciously received. We manner, are facts as well known as they are satis however, do unmixed good in this world ; and I am at a have, on many occasions, expressed our contempt for the

As a single institution, its benefit may, and will, loss to know how so much money can be raised in any other majority of Cockney critics ; and we have pointed out nd acknowledged; but to the consequences which manner, with the same facility, and with so small an rd. many instances of their ignorance and disregard of truth the result of a rivalry of these institutions, I must mixture of injury, if, indeed, any really do suffer by these and candour. We have adduced proofs of their having e to ask your attention.

benevolent efforts of our fair townswomen; for no one that criticised and condemned plays and players, without understood that charity, being the end and object of witnessed the display of taste, ingenuity, and usefulness having seen either; and it is notorious that, in many titutions, such persons as are in good circumstances, which covered the tables, on Wednesday and Thursday cases, the performance of a particular actor has been

supply the institutions with their own work or last, could doubt that trade had been considerably be- ninutely anatomized, when, owing to indisposition, or **

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gome other cause, he did not appear at all. In short, ing Mr. Cooper to be Mr. Price's friend, and that he had or base description. We know one of these folle

I visited England upon his invitation. National prejudice who had barely the talent to put together a common ne with some honourable exceptions, our dramatic censors |

also had much to do in this affair. are corrupt or prejudiced ; and, for our own parts, we have | The manner in which' he was hooted down is perhaps

graph, who got connected with the London press, ind seen too much of their system of puffing and cutting up, unparalleled in the annals of Billingsgate and blackguard. capacity of critic; and we know it for a fact, that, to pay any attention to their dicta.

ism. This is sufficiently manifest, from private letters, to a pique he entertained towards Mr. Vandenhed From the moment we heard of Mr. Cooper's utter failure and even from the accounts of the public newspapers.-- declared, in a letter which he wrote to Liverpool. A on the London boards, we expressed our conviction that

From the time that Macbeth goes into the chamber of that gentleman came to London he would take care

the murdered Duncan, until the very close of the act, lhe that gentleman's fate was to be ascribed to some intrigue

| whenever a hand was raised to applaud, hisses, howls, I

he should be cried down, or damped, as it is called. or foul play; and we will ask whether it be at all probable forced laughter, &c. accompanied it, and this was re Some persons, seeing how the press is occasionally that an actor of such reputed eminence as Mr. Cooper, in- newed when the curtain rose. To use Mr. Cooper's own tituled in the hands of ignorant, jealous, or inter vited over to England by so competent a judge of dramatic | words:

scribblers, have doubted whether it does more

" I went through, however, as well as I could under such or good. We are far from arriving at this conclusion talent as Mr. Price, can be so execrable an actor as to de

circumstances, with the occasional hope that, by not being serve hissing and shouting down by a London gallery ? by

applauded, I should escape the yelling curs, and gain a

ing selves, and we should not have bestowed one line people who are in the habit of applauding to the skies the final attention and comparative success; but no-the Blood those would-be critics, had not.Mr. Cooper's late ungra most ridiculous and unnatural stage tricks of any actor hounds were too keen of scent, and too well drilled to lose reception come across us to ruffle our ordinary patie who happens, at the time, to be the enfant gate of the their prey, for when they wanted the stimulus to open | That the most stupid of the critical trihe cho

the cry, they found it in any exertion that I made. public?

not to be wondered at; because, however ill they Through the last act, particularly, where the desperation It is true that many years have elapsed since we saw of Macbeth seemed to be received as pointed towards

qualified for the office, they will always find read Mr. Cooper's performance; but we hold it impossible that themselves--as

stupid, or, if possible, more stupid than themsely this gentleman, who, when in the prime of life, twenty Bring me no reports! Birnam wood, &e.

Boileau says,

The mind I sway by, and the heart I bear, years ago, was an excellent and favourite actor, can now Can never sagg with doubt, nor shake with fet

Un sot trouve toujours un plus sot, qui l'admire. be so deplorably destitute of talent and judgment, as the Then came hurras !--yells laughter-and every diabo. | There's not a blockhead who attempts the lyre, Cockney critics would have as believe. They who wit- lical noise ; all similar passages were attended by similar That finds not greater blockheads to admire.

accompaniments. But the grand crash was reserved for formance of Pi

The motives by which these critical vermin are ad the last speech, when, of course, friends and foes all con- | are so numerous and complicated, that they cannot al and a variety of other characters, at the Liverpool Theatre, spired in the noise, though with different motives. I be detected; but we may, in general, take it for gr gome years ago, will, with us, be slow to believe that since will not yield to kiss the ground.' &c. and to be baited that they are actuated by some sinister motive that period he has lost all pretensions to the public fa- with a rabble's curse.' One would have supposed that have either a personal pique against the object d vour; and they will ascribe his recent failure to causes the gallery set were foaming with fury: the pit party, which attack, or an undue predilection in favour of the as little creditable to the taste, as they are to the courtesy,

bad gained the majority by this time, were chuckling with praised ;-they are hired by the friends or enemies

the full conviction that the work was done. At the speech tain individuals to bespatter with praise, or with of John Bull. of Though Birnam wood, &c.'

ric, favoured or obnoxious public characters;-DOL. Some of our readers will remember that Mr. Cooper's "Yet will I try the last-Lay on, Macdunt,

times they are actuated by even baser feelings. We

And damn'd be ho that örst cries-Hold-enough! acting made so powerful an impression upon the audience

known discarded servants turn critics, and, in this then, indeed, the confusion was worst confounded: but I sito at our theatre, that the Duke of Gloucester, who was at will not attempt to describe what is altogether indescri

city, repay the numerous obligations they owed that time in Liverpool, patronized, without solicitation, bable.

employer, of a pecuniary or other nature, by etate

which envy, malice, and ingratitude could sugges the benefit of this very actor, who is now to be cried down! The acrimony of the scribblers was not confined to the

misrepresentation of his performance, but extended to belyas utterly destitute of all professional merit.

I persons, however, generally overshoot the market

exuberance of their bile, they have not sufficient Io the Kaleidoscope we shall publish an article on this ing his personal appearance" a short, stumpy, figure; an of the

of themselves to conceal the base or sordid E ill-made, corpulent inan, with drawling enunciation, bad biect from the Franklin Gazette, together with Mr. voice, better suited for the conventicle than the stage," and of incorrigible blockheads.

ng enunciation; pad which they are instigated; and they can only make Cooper's own account of the unhandsome treatment he similar remarks equally founded in truth. experienced from the London audience and the dramatic. It is absurd longer to deny the existence in England of

ANNUITE. censors, many of whom, in all probability, never saw the bitter prejudiceagainst every thing that partakes of America.

Mr. Hackett's reception is another instance in point. He man at whose professional reputation they aimed a deadly was within an ace of being condemned at the very outset.

A L'EDITEUR blow. The critics themselves are at times sensible of their in

MONSIEUR,-Dans votre Kaleidoscope du 25 Mo The New York Statesman of March 21, which reached l justice. The following extract is from the London Morn. Inier, on demande quelle somme doit donner une pa Liverpool two or three days ago, contains the following ing Herald :

de trente ans, et d'un temperament delicat, pour un

nuité de £30. Cette personne, ayant trente 3

“In truth, the reception given to Mr. Hackett was not paragraph :

| faible constitution, peut compter au plus sur dix ans " Boston Theatre.-The Boston Statesman of Wednes. generous, considering his first appearance in a strange day says,-'Mr. Cooper was received at his first appear. country. We had thought that a London audience would D'après cela, en consultant la table de M. De Pad

at least have heard him silently, and given him an oppor. 1:1 ance, last evening, with the most enthusiastic applause

on voit que pour une annuité de £100, pendant tunity of showing what he was capable of. He evinced

| il faudrait donner £772. ever extended to an individual of his profession by a l'

On a donc cette properts

100 : 772 = 30 : 4, Boston audience. The house was crowded, and, though some courage in withstanding the sort of reception he met almost overwhelmed by the effect of his excited feelings

with ; but this proves that he is accustomed to the board, d'où l'on tire, in the earlier part of the tragedy, Mr. Cooper sustained of a theatre. We, however, commend him for it, for an un.

x=231 + 3 = £231 123. the character of Macbeth with a spirit and vigour worthy

handsome and ungenerous attempt was made to drive him of his younger days."

from the stage, previous to his commencing the imitations pour la somme cherchée.

of Kean." • This practice of praising or condemning what they have Contrast the reception of Americans in England, with.

I f We do not know why our correspondent neither seen nor heard, is by no means confined to the Lon. I that of English adventurers in this country. An actor |

| veyed his answer in French ; but we have given don paragraph writers, but extends to the minor fry of bere, whatever may be his talents, is always courteouly re.

| received it. Instead of translating the note, te provincial critics. We have, on more than one occasion, deceived, and an impartial hearing granted. Though we may

it sufficient to state, that the sum, which the an tected persons very near home in this very disingenuous not know better than the English, still we never forget

cost, is £231 128. practice.

what is due to a stranger. There is a way for an andience
to inform an actor that he is not liked without disgracing

To Correspondents. (From the Franklin Gazette, Feb. 29.]

itself, and insulting him; and there is a way of committing

these matters to the press without disgracing the press, and ENGLISH GRAMMAR-We have been favoured with a The reception bestowed upon this gentleman by a Lon. all who are connected with it; all of which, it appears tion entitled, “ An Analogical Analysis of the

for insertion in the Kaleidoscope, and shall i that John Bull, old as he is, has yet to learn, don audience, we consider the most disgraceful incident

or a portioni, next week. We know the writer to be found in the history of the stage for at least the last century. On the night of his appearance, Kean, a prey

The Kaleidoscope, which finds its way to the principal

petent to the task he has undertaken; and we

doubt that his essay will be perused with pleasure to incurable disease, was brought forward to play at Co. towns in the United States, will serve to show the Ame.

vantage. Contoarden. and performed, according to the theatrical ricans that there is, in England, at least one person who SUPPLEMENTAL SHEKT-We shall, probably, next weer reports “ with great eclat, and to an immense house,"

use," protests against the unhandsome and uncandid treatment our readers with ** whereas the audience was not numerous, and the actor

our readers with another supplemental sheeti could not be heard beyond the first two or three boxes."

which Mr. Cooper lately experienced in this country. We case we shall insert the whole of J. C's origins The friends of this man and Macready made common have expressed our opinions unreservedly on the subject, grammar, and some articles upon machines torn

chimneys. cause against Coopor; for right or wrong, the Yankee because we have a most superlative contempt for nine- | actor, as he was termed, must be put down. It also ap- tenths of the scribblers who bore the public with what

ist be put down. It also ap. ltenths of the serihhlore who have the muhlin with what | MUSIC.-The favours of our Welsh correspondent pears that the newspaper writers had taken umbrage

of Manchester, have been received, and shall be atten they call critiques on theatricals and the fine arts. Indeagainst Mr. Price, the Yankee manager, who had curtailed

admission of their Ipendent of their general incompetency to the task, owing Printed, published, and sold. every Tuesday, by K. them of ce friends, and they awaited a fair opportunity to wreak their to a want of taste or education, their motives, as we have and Co., at their General Printing Office, Lorde patty malice, and accordingly selected this occasion, know. 'elsewhere observed, are too often of the most suspicious! Liverpool, and to be had of all Booksellers

Literary and Scientific Mirror.


miliar Miscellany, from which all religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending LITERATUAB, CRITICISM, Men and XWERS, ANUSEMENT, elegant EXTRACTS, POETRY, ANECDOTES, BIOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY, the DRAMA, ARTS and SCIENCES, WIT and SATIRE, FASHIONS, NATURAL HISTORY, &c. forming andsome ANNUAL VOLUME, with an Index and TITLE-PAGR. Persons in any part of the Kingdom may obtain this work from London through their respective Booksellers.

409.-Vol. VIII.


PRICE 31d.

literature. Criticism. Bc. that he, she, it, they, &c. are adjective pronouns; a third | From the first of these quotations it is perfectly clear,

ridicules the idea of adjective pronouns; a fourth suspects that ich is a verb signifying to join, to add, &c.; and from (ORIGINAL)

own to be a verb; and a fifth pronounces definitely that it the other three it is equally clear, that ich and I are iden. is an adjective.

tified ; that they have the same origin and meaning, how. TYMOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE PRONOUN “I." | This jumble of assertions and opinions puts one in mind ever varied in their application, or changed in their ortho

of the confusion of tongues at the building of the tower of graphy. " What boots the cunning pilot's skill,

Babel. Every thing is uncertain, because every thing is In the following languages the pronoun, conjunction, To tell which way to shape their course,

built upon uncertainty. When he that steers will have his will,

and verb run thus : And drive them where he list per force?

If pronouns can represent substantives, pronouns must Danish. Pronoun eg, conjunction og, verb oger. So Reason shows the truth in vain have been substantives before they became the representa- Dutch.

ook, oecken. Where Ignorance or Folly King doth reign." tives of substantives, and consequently must have had a


auch, » quchon. - Francis Davidson.

A.S. clear and independent meaning of their own, before they

cac, . 2 cacdn. persons of liberal education or enlightened minds took upon them the office of representing others. To il.

The Icelandic is similar to the Danish. . any the utility of verbal criticism, etymological

lustrate this, let us select the personal pronoun I, as it is To the quotations which have been already given, the h, or glossarial illustration. In reading the protermed.

following may neither prove useless nor uninteresting: as of our early poets, historians, and biographiers, Now Tom, Dick, or Harry, may say “ I did so and

Eke eche at other threwe the flouris bright." e indispensibly requisite ; and even in attaining a 80;" here, according to rule, I is the representative of

Court of Love knowledge of many words as they are at present Tom, Dick, or Harry; but will any one say that the

“ Aerist, ic an Edwardes, minum eldra suna." no inconsiderable advantages may be derived from meaning of I, is Tom, Dick, or Harry, or that it has no

First, I give to Edward, my elder son. ssistance. Uniformity in speaking and writing is meaning unless so employed ? If I cannot be applied to

Alfred's WH. 1. all times, to be expected. Languages have their any other purpose than that of personal representation,

on Here an is a verb, from which our indefinite article an, loos as well as empires, and it is as much the pro

then, I think, it may be fairly inferred, that it was ori. Or Q, 1

hat it was orilor a, is taken, and signifies " to give, to grant." the grammarian and the lexicographer to note ginally framed and adapted to that parpose, and no other ;

" An they will take it,-50. If not, iations of the one, as it is the duty of the journalist but

He's plain." -Lear, act. 2, scene 6. but if, on the contrary, it can be shown that it has been historian to record the changes of the other. It

appropriated to purposes totally distinct from personal. That is, “grant, give, they will take it, &c." wever, be said, that, in the works of the learned,

representation, then any argument in favour of its exclu. A Dutch child that was not satisfied with sucking one shing has been accomplished which a perfect know. sive application falls to the ground.

breast, said to his mother, of our language requires. To this I cannot imagine In fact I is neither a pronoun nor a substantive; it is a

“ Trientjen, jan my t'oor;" that is, wything like general assent can be obtained. The word razee, a part and parcel, the residue and remainder

“ Kate, give me t'other."-Diversions of Purley. Tare not agreed among themselves; their precepts

of the old English verb to ich, now written to eke, that is Thus we may see that “out of the mouths of babes and Riversified as their opinions ; and it would not be

to add, to join, &c. I then is the contracted second pers. sucklings,” knowledge is perfected. to select from their works rules which are at once

sing. of the pres. of the imper. of the verb to ich, which verb If as much could be said for a few babes of a larger as, contradictory, and absurd. In the grammatical is derived from the Anglo-Saxon GE-ICAN,Or ICAN, jungere, growth, “ 'twould be something." tions abready before the public, enough has, per. I addere, adjicere, augere, and eke, from eacan, which has " Swilce thaer, cac se froda, been done for the initiation of youth, more than I the same signification. Horne Tooke, in his Diversions

Mid fieame com on his cyththe to serve the purposes of communication in the of Purley, collaterally confirms these observations, and

Nordh Constantinus. D occurrences of life, but to satisfy the spirit of states, in addition, that the English word yoke, and the

Sason Ode on Athelstar's Victory. phical inquiry, enough has not been done. Latin word jugum, are the past participles of the same

" So there, add, the prudent, rammar," says Campanella, “ is twofold civil verb. “By the change of the characteristic I to 0, we

The northern Constantine, tilosophical : civil grammar is founded on use, have," says he, “the past tense, and P. P. geoc, which,

With flight, came to his country." phical grammar on reason, the former depends | by our accustomed substitution of Y for G, we now write

“ There n'ls baret, nother strife, sage, the latter upon its rationality."

Nis there no death ac ever life: yok, yoke.

There n'is dunnir, sleet, no hall, istom must govern, let it be in language as it is in In Scotland yoken, that is yoked time, is a common

No none vile worm, no snail; reasonable custom :-“ Malus usus," says the law, law, word, and there is scarcely an old woman from one end of

No none storm, rain, no wind; bolendus, Dam, in consuetudinibus, non diuturnitas that country to the other to whom the expression of ichen,

There n'is man, no woman blind; sed soliditas rationis est consideranda.” In

Ok all is game, joy and glee, or iken, a broken thread, is not familiar. It is a verb in

Well is him that there may be." a solid and substantial edifice, is it not customary,

general use, even at the present day. * absolutely necessary to examine into the nature

Specimens of Ancient Peetry, by G. EUis, vol. i. p. 86. “ I speake too long, but 'tis to peize the time, foundation, before you commence the superstruc

Mr. Ellis explains ac and ok, by but. The reader, how.

To ich it and to draw it out in length." To the judicious completion of a whole, is it not

Merchant of Venice, p. 173. ever, ought to be aware that but applied here as the subhighest importance to have a perfect knowledge of See also Horne Took's Diversions of Purley.

stitute or illustrator of ac and ok, is the imper. of the A.S. portion and application of the parts ?

“O mercie, God! (quod iche) I me repent."

verb botan-to boot, to add, to join, to make up a deficiency ; yet nothing is more common than to find gram.

Chaucer's Court of Love. and not that of the verb beon-utan-to be-out, to leave out, classifying and defining words of which they

“ Do we with our foes therefore,

to except.

That are here lyand us before, have no clear ideas themselves, or have failed in

To say be-out, leave out, or except “ ever life," &c.; or,

As ich heard tell this other year, nicating them to others.

" all is game, joy,” &c. perverts the intended meaning :

That a fox did with a fisher." le convinced of this, we need only refer to what

The Bruce, by John Barbour.

on the otber hand, to say boot, add, join, “ever life, game, len written about pronouns in general. In their “ Then thought I to frayne the first of these four orders,

I joy, and glee," conveys the exact meaning. Eation, scarcely two grammarians are agreed. One And pressed to the preachers to proven her will.

Hence this etymological corollary may be drawn, that hat personal pronouns are substantives, and all the Ich hied to her house, to hearken of more;

when but is the imper. of botan, it may be used for the And when I came to that court, I gaped about, Tronouns are adjectives; and the personal pronouns

imper. of any verb, signifying to add, to join. Acand ok Such a build, bold y-built upon earth height, es to be, I, thou, he, she, and it, in the singular, Saw I not, in certain, sith a long time."

differ from the words which have been previously quoted, 2, ye or you, and they, in the plural. Another says,

Pierce, the Plowman's Creedh 'in nothing but, be-out, leave out, except, the spelling.



In the reign of Henry III. a translation of the Lord's been entailed on families and individuals through thesion, but nothing that has had the least tendency eid Prayer was made, which is, in part, as follows :

intrigues and villany of unprincipled lawyers, or from their inform the judgment or improve the taste. The “Cumenan mot thy kingdom,

own neglect of timely professional advice, will consider forte of this writer, and others of the same stamp, el Thin holy will hit be all don,

this a small matter. “I wish," says Lord Bacon, “ that in putting down whatever enters their heads, (tap In heaven, and in erdth also,

every man knew as much of the law as would enable him to how ridiculous) so as to fill a large quantity of par So sal it bin full well ic tro." And in the last two lines :

keep out of it.” And it is remarked by the author of the work to raise the laughter of little masters and misses, o "Let us not in fonding fall

before us, that the great mass of litigation results not more annuated noodles, and toothless tabbies, for whose Oac fro ifele thu syld us all."

from the uncertainty of the law, than from the ignorance or decayed capacities their talents seem peculiarly Pope Adrian, in 1160, sent, from Rome, a translation of the parties on those points respecting which they should They are ambitious, withal, to shine as wits; but of the same prayer, in rhyme, which terminates thus have been previously instructed. The ignorant are always genuine wit runs in too deep a channel to find ad “Ne let us fall into no founding,

the dupes of impostors, whether in law, physic, or divinity. their shallow brains. If we want to find wit, we me Ac shield ous fro the fowle thing."

It cannot, however, be denied, that there are many per- for it elsewhere,-in the pages of such writers as A And in the famous psalter of Trinity College, written sons of extensive general information, and who move in a and Sterne, and Swift. For ourselves, we must say, about 1130, the same prayer has a similar termination, respectable sphere of life, whose acquaintance with the thing so much excites our disgust as the miserah " Ac alys us fram yfele swa beo hit.”

| laws of their country is, nevertheless, very defective. of these writers to shine in borrowed plumes The Dano Saxon Prayer, anno 900, has " ah yelefe us Now, to such persons, we would, in the strongest manner, | fudge they resort to when their limping sente of ifle."

recommend the Cabinet Lawyer, as a work which may, at to be helped out, or when an edge is needed for And Eadfride, the eighth bishop of Lindisfarne, in his any tinc. be perused with pleasure and profit. How sarcasms, in dovetailing th gloss on the Evangelists, about the year 700, concludes much more honourable to themselves, and beneficial to of extracts, little scraps of . the Lord's Prayer in the following words: * and ne inlead others, is the con

ad others, is the conduct of those individuals who store their from the list of phrases subjoined to Johnson's usith in costunge, ah gefrig usich from ifle.”

minds with useful knowledge, than is that of the valgar Dictionary.-But to return to our author, whom Otpidus, in his preface to the translation of the four herd, who are crammed and surcharged with the twaddle, must now dismiss with a very sho

must now dismiss with a very short notice. Gospels, out of Latin into French rhyme, commences and scandal, and low buffoonery of many of our weekly From what we have already stated, our read thus : "Nu wil ih scriban unser heill."

and monthly journals. In a sequestered neighbourhood, / readily perceive that we consider the Cabinet 1 "Now will I write our health."

where, in too many instances, might constitutes right, and be a work of great merit, and deserving of a pl (See Preface to Greenwood's Grammar.)

where official insolence meets with none of those whole. | library of every man who is desirous of obtaining

some checks which it is sure to feel in more populous dis. we had almost said, indispensible-information « Li Roi mangea avec les homes, Et la Reine avec les dames,

tricts, the value of such a work, in the hands of a few in subjects. To the mercantile and manufacturing O grant deduit, et grant joye,

telligent men, can hardly be estimated. It does not, like of the community, in particular, we think it an Come soloit estre à Troie."-Waco's Brut.

most other law books, abound in hard and uncouth terms; able adviser. We have only to add, that the The King apart with men did eat,

but is, throughout, simple and perspicuous, conveying |tion comprises the latest alterations in the law The Queen, likewise, with dames discreet,

much curious information, in a style that is perfectly in. I by the labours of Mr. Peel and others, and has With great pleasure and great joy, telligible to the meanest capacity.

a decided superiority over its predecessors, as ! As the custom was in Troy. Mr Elke in his closeario none translates holl JBefore concluding, we are tempted to indulge in a re-every one work on me kiau. We could have

very curious and interesting extracts from the but it might, with equal propriety, have been rendered mark or two, suggested by what the author says respecting

our limits will permit only the following on di by add or join, as with is here the imper. of the A.Ş. verb, the brevity he has studied in every part of his publication. withan, to join, to add,- not the imper. of wurthan. to. It will scarcely be credited, by inany persons, that the mon, but little understood phrase, “ Benefit

"1. The origin of the Benefit of Clergybe; and whenever with is used as the imper. Of withani, substance of the voluminous laws of England could be

be of clergy may at once be stated to have origin it may, in conjunction with other words of the same mean- compressed into a single duodecimo volume,

ame mean', compressed into a single duodecimo volume, however great power and influence of the priesthood, dus ing, be used interchangeably. .

closely it might be printed. But the thing has been done, of ignorance and superstition, when both the Having extended these remarks beyond what was at first and we shall hear how he accounts for it. “It has often,” their rulers were disposed to treat with peculiar

honour the ministers of religion; and, in cod intended, I shall now conclude in the words of Lord Coke. he says, “been remarked, into how small a compass

which, they obtained two extraordinary and in his first Institute, "Ad recte docendum oportet pri. human knowledge might be compressed, by confining it (privil

I privileges : 1. Places consecrated to religious mum inquirere nomina, quia rerum cognitio à nominibus to a simple enunciation of fact and inference: it occurred

exempt from criminal arrests, which was the fu rerum dependet. Nomina si nescis perit cognitio rerum. to me that this principle might be applied, with peculiar ad sanctuaries ; 2. The persons of clergymen Et nomina, si perdas, certè distinctio rerù perditur.” vantage, to a digest of the English laws, and it is by ri- in certain cases, from criminal process before gorously adhering to it, that I have been enabled to accom-|

judge, and made amenable only to ecclesiast plish the present undertaking. My aim throughout bas abridged by 29 Hen. VI. and finally abolit

isdiction. The first of these immunities [ORIGINAL REVIEW.]

been to concentrate, in an aphoristic form, facts and legal Jac. I. c. 22. The second, after undergoing a

points only; exhibit them in simple language under such tions, descended to our own time, and was THE CABINET LAWYER;

arrangement and classification as would afford the utmost abolished, as an exclusive privilege, by the OR POPULAR DIGEST OF THE LAWS OF ENGLAND, &c. &c. facility for turning to, and obtaining, all the information Originally, the benefit of clergy was com In a cheap and handsome Pocket Volume. necessary to the object of research.”

ritual persons, actually admitted into holy (Concluded from our last.)

While we cheerfully admit that our author has com- wearing the clerical tonsure ; but, in process From this outline it appears that the work is intended pletely succeeded in his object, so that his every page teems privilege was extended to every one who could

education became more diffused by the discos to give a comprehensive view of the present state of the with instruction, we cannot help reflecting on thelamentable

ing, and other concurrent causes, reading English laws; and we can conscientiously declare, so far pass to winch some of our magazine and newspaper scribes incompetent proof of clerkship, or being in as we have examined it, that it performs all that it pro-would be reduced, were they obliged to follow his example. readers, therefore, were exeluded from the fire mises. None of our readers, however, must infer from Judging from the compositions of these gentlemen, one clergy, though not liable to the same severing!

ment, in case of delinquency, as non-readers this, that it will solve every difficulty of a legal kind which would suppose the grand secret of modern writing to be,

illiterate. they may meet with, or make them complete lawyers. to use as many words as possible, without a Vestige of “ Afterwards, it was properly considered the There is too much intricacy and contradiction in the laws meaning; to study sound more than sense; to mag- and learning were no extenuation of guilt, as they now stand, to be unravelled in any single publi. nify into iniportance what in itself is absolutely con. reverse ; and that if the punishment of deata cation; and, besides, new cases are continually occurring, temptible; and to dress up the veriest truisms, and the most

s too severe for those who had been in reference to which even professional men must be guided paltry com non-place remarks, in a diffuse and gaudy Accordingly, by the 5 Aon. c. 6. it was end!

structed, it was much more so for the totally in their decisions by general principles, or by precedents phraseology. We know one writer of this school who may, vilege of clergy should be granted to all who bearing upon the points at issue. Still we will venture to not unaptly, le styled either the laughing or the crying to , without requiring thern to read by way of assert, that any man who shall study and digest the infor- philosopher, as the fit happens to be upon him, who can qual

qualification. mation that is contained in the “Cabinct Lawyer,” will be fill sheet after sheet with " pought but emptiness.”

** 2. For

To what persons Benefit of Clergy is furnished with a very competent knowledge of the law,

5. ror this day.--As an exclusive immunity, se

we may safely appeal to any man of compion sense, who stated, the benefit of clergy is now taken from suficient, at any rate, to make him very cautious how he has had the courage to wade through his periodical mass themselves; and, by 6 Geo. IV. c. 25, s. 3, da engages in a law plea, and to assist him in extricating of folly, to-sày whether he has ever derived the shadow of orders, being convicted of clergyable offenas himself, should he be so unfortunate as to be involved in an idea, on any subject that is really useful, from this

eally useful, from this liable to exactly the same punishment & pe one by others. And no one who has had the slightest writer's lucubrations. He may have found pitiful sar-l

s boly orders. The only class in the commande

sar- enjoy impunity in the perpetration of affaccia acquaintance with the misery and distress which have casm, low jesting, and downright nonsense, in rich profu. OF TUE REALM: and one cannot readily cute


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xrder of persons who live exposed to so few temptations of the penal code, equalization of weights and measures, guage not intelligible by the native population, is extinelinquency were not divested, along with the clergy, restriction on trade, and a variety of other questions, may guished, and itsconductors ruined. A judge upon the bench, uch an invidious distinction. This curious anomaly now be canvassed with propriety apart from what is termed who, in the administration of justice, dares to imagine that It statute book it may be as well to explain. By the 1 Edw. VI. c. 12, lords of parliament and po and politics.”

at some future day the Parliament of England may think fit of the realm are entitled to the privilege of peerage, The following two editorial paragraphs will fur- | to refuse another lease of India to its existing tenants, is valent to that of clergy (and this although they cannot ther apprize our readers of the nature of the articles hauglitily dismissed from his office; and Englishmen reb) for all offences then clergyable, and also for the

siding in India are deprived of all right of appeal to their of house-breaking, highway-robbery, horse-steal. we are about to introduce into our work.

Sovereign, if a power, more prompt and arbitrary than and robbing of churches. No subsequent law has lled this clause in the statute of Edward ; so that a


that known here as the Un-English and odious alien may, at this day, rob on the highway, steal horses, The public will do us the favour to observe, that amidst bill, be employed as an engine of their forcible expulsion k into a house, rob a church, crimes capital in a com- the varying reports on the affairs of Eastern Europe, we

from a country which is nominally under the Crown of er, and is liable for a first offence to no personal punent whatever.

I have strictly persevered in recommending the same line of George IV. We think it impossible to read, ever so curThat offences are Clergyable:-The benefit of clergy policy, and have published statements now acknowledged sorily, the following catalogue of personal and political mly admitted in petty treason and capital felonies; to be correct, evincing the adoption of that policy. We disabilities experienced by Englishmen who strive to proimen had never any privilege in high treason, petty have said that England has no cause of jealousy against secute the fairest objects of active and industrious life is, and misdemeanour; they always were, as they France, and Europe nothing to fear from Russia ; and within the vast region ruled over by the Company of ure, liable to be capitally punished, whipped, or

had Prussia and Austria been faithful and firm in recom-Leadenhall-street, without asking for whom and for what orted for these offences : lying in wait for one on ghway, or ravaging a county, or burning houses,

mending submission to the Porte-had not those two it is that such enormous and offensive latitude should be tever clergyable offences. A vast number of felo- powers, on the contrary, insinuated suspicions respecting | given to one party, and such cruel restraints and privations ave been deprived of clergy by acts of parliament, the sincerity with which the triple alliance was formed- | fastened upon the other, that other being the community ject of which was to restore the law to the same rigour we have no doubt that a pacification would have taken of British subjects. After affirming, and truly, that the tal punishment in the first offence that it exerted be place long ago. We now however learn from some ofl "undoubted sovereignty” of India is vested by Act of is privilegium clericale was introduced. To conclude: ad of inquiry, the following rules may be observed : the best of our foreign correspondents, and we believe the Parliament in the Crown, and that the country is the pro. it in all felonies, whether newly created, or by com- report, that Austria and Prussia have, of late, very much perty of the State, the author enumerates, with great force ww, clergy is not allowable, unless taken away by altered their tone. The separate war about to be declared and clearness, the humiliation, as well as substantial

words of an act of parliament. 2. That whereby Russia against the Porte. and, on the other hand, the penalties, to which all Englishmen, without exception, is taken away from the principal, it is not, of course, Iway from the accessory, unless he also be particu

fixed determination of France and England to obtain the save those in authority civil or military, are there subacluded in the words of the statute. 3. That when object of the treaty of London, have convinced them that Ijected.-Times. sefit of clergy is taken away from the offence, as in concession on the part of the Turks is the only way to pre

robbery, rape, and burglary, a principal in the serve, or rather to restore, tranquillity in the East of Europe. NATIONAL REPOSITORY FOR THE ENCOURAGEMENT degree being present, aiding and abetting the Some accounts which have lately reached us from Berlin,

OF ARTS AND MANUFACTURES. is excluded from clergy in the same manner as he induce us to think that the efforts of the Prussian, as

It is with unmingled satisfaction we inform our readers, principal in the first degree: but, 4. That where it

taken away from the persons committing the well as Austrian, Government, are now seriously directed that a project so patriotic in its nature, and likely to be so his aiders and a bettors are not excluded. towards bringing the Turks to a sense of their real situation.

beneficial in its results, will probably soon be in full opeConsequences of allowing the Privilege of Clergy. They would have acted more wisely, as well as more ho

ration. We cannot better explain the objects of this instithis head we have only one remark to offer, which nestly, if they had adopted this course long ago. We

wetution, than by extracting from a recent circular the resoal to the clear understanding of the phrase, when nce is said to be within or without the benefit of fit of learn from the same source, that Baron Miltitz, the Prus.

lution adopted at a meeting of the noblemen and gentlemen If an offence be within clergy, the punishment sian Envoy, has been recalled, though the French papers

forming the Committee of Management in December last. of extend beyond fine, imprisonment, or transpor-speak of Kanitz as if he was sent on a mere special mis

“ Resolved,- That from the communications received by, Fu'an offence be without clergy, the punishment sion, and not as a substitute for the other. This may be and

he and statements submitted to, this Committee, they are of : that is, takes away life. In most clergyable

considered as a confirmation of the opinion of our cor opinion, that it has long been a desideratum amongst our by recent statutes, the punishment of hard labour respondents as to the 'altered disposition of Prussia.

most intelligent merchants and manufacturers, that an Times.

annual exhibition of specimens of new and improved pro

ductions of our artisans and manufacturers, conducted on a The investigator,

APPROACHING EXPIRY OF THE LEASE OF INDIA. scale that should command the attention of the British pub. Fehending Political Economy, Statistics, Jurispru

Amongst other crises of more or less national importance, lic resident in, and annually visiting, the metropolis, would oceasional passages from Parliamentary Speeches the approach and development of which are now expedi. be highly conducive to the interest of the foreign commerce, general nature, occasional Parliamentary Docu. tiously, though almost insensibly, advancing upon us, is as well as the internal trade of the United Kingdom; and, 1, and other speculative subjects, excluding Party that which, within five short years, will be produced by in the opinion of this Committee, such exhibition will not

the expiration of the charter granted to the East India only prove a powerful stimulus in promoting the further

Company in the year 1813. This bargain, let it be well improvement of our already successful manufactures, but he 5th and 6th volumes, under the head “ In

understood, was stipulated to endure for twenty years, and will also bring into notice the latent talents of many skil. tor," we introduced a series of articles on no longer : in the year 1833, the legislative power of the ful artisans and small manufacturers, now labouring in Il economy, and general politics, by which we state will have a perfect and acknowledged right to renew obscurity, and sacrificing their inventions, valuable alike

not party politics. That department of our the contract, or to modify it as may be best for the nation ; | to the country and to themselves, for want of such an ave great satisfaction; and we feel somewhat or, if the good of the country and the public voice shall opportunity of introducing them to the British public.” It Togg to assign any good reason for having so demand of the Government and Parliament, it will be is gratifying to reflect, that among the warmest supporters Bed to continue the series in our 7th and 8th lawful, wise, and honest, to terminate for ever the domi- of this patriotic scheme, are to be found several young

A letter, with which we have just been nion of the "merchants trading to the Indies.” If such noblemen and gentlemen of the first rank. Such conduct ed by a correspondent, who signs A Student, a spectacle as that of the Company and its leasehold em does no less credit to their hearts than to their heads, for called our attention to the subject; and his

I pire were now for the first time presented to us, we appre. its effects will be to better the condition and prospects of entations have determined us to revive the

hend there are few among the reflecting classes of our artisans, whilst it promotes a kindly feeling between them

countrymen who would believe that they saw aright. No and the aristocracy. We learn from the Trades' Free · stigator."

| Englishman of this age could believe that a free people Press, which paper has been selected by the Coinmittee of der that our readers may be under no appre- would delegate to a trading corporation powers which, in Management as the most proper medium of communicaas that we are about to deviate, in the slightest their extent, cannot be measured by any standard known tion with the working classes, that the first step resolved

from our pledge to abstain from party poli- to the constitution of a limited monarchy, and, in their upon is, to send circulars to all the secretaries of Mechare shall here repeat the editorial paragraph exercise, must have recourse to principles which every

nics' Institutions throughout the country, requesting them Which we first announced our intention to in- British subject professes tò abhor. The Company's domi

to transmit to the Repository their opinion of such articles

as they deem worthy of public notice; and signifying that Ba "new feature" into the Kaleidoscope. nion is one which does not confine the claims of arbitrary articles so recommended will have a prior claim to the

e must, however, observe, that we do not conceive authority to its relations with Hindoos and Mahometans. attention of the establishment. From the same source we res at present so circumscribed in our range of sub- Englishmen once landed on the peninsula of India are learn, that every thing in the shape of patronage is to be

rigidly excluded, and every article to stand entirely upon we did at the period to which we have just adverted practically, if the present rules of the local Government be

its own merits. We hope this resolution will be strictly linisters of the present day appear now to be actuated adhered to, as much slaves as their copper-coloured neigh-Tadhered toand that the patriotic intentions of those who Ich more enlarged and liberal views than formerly; bours. The press, if it utters a sound not strictly musical to have originated and promoted this truly national measure le corn bill, the combination laws, the amelioration the ear of a Governor General in Council, though in lan. may be carried into full effect.

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