Abbildungen der Seite















instant the blast strikes the upper card, and before the lihood from their labours, and are only remunerated for The Beauties of Chess. air at rest is removed and succeeded by the rarefied stream. their trouble in proportion to the extent of the work they Before the air is expelled, a slight obstacle has to be over- can procure for them.

Ludimus effigiem belli."-VIDA. come, which must cause the stream to exert itself side- There can be no occasion to illustrate the cruelty of emways, though to a very slight degree, as the particles of ploying “climbing boys" by bringing forward a list of the air are extremely susceptible of motion. It should also various accounts of their troubles, as common sense, unbe noticed, that the wind forced through the quill is in a faided by such proofs, which, if they were required, are 1 King ......F-4 or (a) 1 Pawn............4 condensed state, and will be so at the instant of its escape not wanting, either in number or painfulness of detail ;

2 King

becomes Queca and will win easily.

checks. from the quill. All those causes to separation are, how- it can surely only be necessary to state the smallness of ever, so instantaneously overcome by the rarefied current the interior of a chimney for a boy, and the possibility of to G3, black would draw the game, by making a Fid

(a) If the white were injudiciously to move bis within, and the atmospheric pressure without, that this sweeping them without one, to set the subject in a clear instead of a Queen. effect cannot take place.

light at once. We may form a very good idea of the It has been said, that a heavier substance-a half-crown, dimensions of chimney, either from observing the firefor instance-may be blown off. This cannot arise from place, or the projection beyond the roof, and we shall find

White to move and win. its superior weight, so much as from its lying very close them to measure about nine inches in breadth and fourteen to the lower card ; thus making the passage, for the escape in width; and we know, too, that a chimney mug must be

Black. of air, less than that by the quill; and, from a condensation larger that the square aperture over which it is placed, or underneath, as well as from the upward blast forced against there would be no possibility of fixing it firmly, and yet

a 3 a 1 9H its surface, an impulse might be given which the rare- how confining these mugs are! Indeed, the boys do very faction, that will immediately follow the separation, can- often stick in the chimney, and it is with great exertion not restrain.

that they displace themselves. To conclude, the effect of the experiment, which has What a desirable object then must be the melioration 7 created so much speculation, as well as that of the other of the condition of these boys, and, so far as is possible, escribedd above, depends on the following principles of the total disusing of them. Many persons seem to be so pneumatics :-Air, forced from a smaller tube into a completely unacquainted with the mechanical means of larger, causes rarefaction by expelling the air at rest, and sweeping chimneys that they cannot conceive the possibi. then diffusing itself over a space too great for its volume, lity of sweeping them (as they are always built square) and vice versa:-air, forced from a larger into a smaller with a brush. To be sure, as the brushes are usually tube, causes condensation, being made to occupy a space made round, they must naturally work more on the sides too small for its volume. On the last principle blow-pipes than in the corners of the chimney, but they do not for are made.

that reason leave the corners untouched ; the only differThe above contains all the observations necessary to be ence is, that the soot leaves the sides the soonest, but it made, and which, I dare say, you, though a friend and must be displaced from the corners in the next place, and patron to scientific pursuits, consider more than enough that is no reason that the sides will be cleaner than the If my solution meet the approbation of the managers of corners, for the brush cannot do more than clean the

с D E F G H the Royal Institution, 1 shall not fail to give you early chimney, and the only difference is, that the bricks at the notice; and, if a medal be the reward for having stumbled sides get a little more rubbing, but the soot is as effectu

WHITE upon it, (I care not though it be of bell-metal, provided ally taken from the corners, as it is from the other parts ;

CONUNDRUM. it be a durable testimony of their approval.) you shall be and these brushes being generally formed of split whale

When is a barrel of beer not a barrel of beer favoured with an early inspection, as you first stimulated bones, their superior strength to that which the boy uses, when it is a little tart. me to the inquiry.- I am, Sir, yours respectfully,

made of common bristles, does away with the necessity of Lithographic-office, 89, Old Hall-street, a scraper to bring away even the hardened soot adhering

To Correspondents. March 25, 1828.

to the brick-work.

It is so much in our pature to choose whatever is easiest We are still amidst the bustle and inconvenieckie CLIMBING BOYS. and most convenient to ourselves, that we need not be sur

ant upon removing to our new premises in Land prised at the sweeps preferring the boys to the machines.

and we must plead this circumstance as our 17 TO THE EDITOR.

some irregularity and apparent inattention to The machine cannot walk up the chimney while the master Sir,—The spirit of humanity, for which it is gratifying sweep, or one of his servants, remains below; no, the case

respondents, which may, and, indeed, must be to know the inhabitants of this large and populous town is at once reversed, and far from being in his favour; the

sequence of the indescribable confusion in which are so much noted, makes it a most desirable object to boy merely carries the machine, and assists his master in Gymnasia. One of our correspondents, who prefers direct their attention to a subject which calls loudly for using it, but the master has the laborious part of the job

a mechanic, wishes us to describe in the Kakitan their patronage and support. At all times, and in all ages, in his own hands, and even his stout arms begin to ache

various feats taught by the professors of gymnasti the original, or first method of effecting any useful pur- after using it to a very few chimneys; and what might

should apologize for delaying to reply to his note

mislaid; and we are sorry that our reply net was pose, has always been rude in the extreme, and this we have been done by his lad he has to perform himself. It is a sarily, be unsatisfactory, as it would hardly be us know by comparison with the improvements which have matter of course then, that no housekeeper can judge from

comply with the request. supplanted them; and we know farther, that these improve the reports of a sweep against mechanical sweeping, and

many of them are so complicated, that, to tende ments have been brought into practice with greater or less without their own judgment suggests the propriety, and

scription of them intelligible, very expensive would be necessary.

The best advice we can get readiness according as habit had rendered the old practice demands the using of the proper apparatus, which most

correspondent, if he can meet with a score of familiar, and, of course, apparently easy and preferable of the sweeps in Liverpool do possess, if they would only

who wish also to learn the system, is to make uplo to any other. This is exactly the case with the something bring them forward of their own accord. We must not,

purse, by small subscriptions, out of which me more than ridiculous means by which our chimneys have therefore, expect that the abolition of this system, and the

their body might be taught gymnastics be Mr. Fe from time out of mind been swept, by allowing a child to superseding of the necessity of employing climbing boys,

some other competent person. The knowledge

quired might easily be communicated to the whole climb up them with the requisites for clearing away the is so near at hand as it is desirable that it should be.

and the balance of the subscription-money expen soot. Such has been, and still remains, the method of Hoping these few scattered remarks may not be thrown

purchasing some necessary apparatus, and paytag sweeping chimneys—but let any person of common feel

hire of a room for exercise. away,

I beg to subscribe myself, yours most truly, ings reflect upon the barbarity of the system, and he


HENRY. must see at once, not only the absurdity, but what is more,

shall, in the next Kaleidoscope, lay before our rate

sketch of this eminent botanist. the cruelty, of having recourse to a scheme of this nature.

Tide Table.

ANATOMICAL DISSEctions. We have, this day, couple Custom, we must allow, has deprived the present mode of cleaning chimneys of a large share of the disgust we

able article on this important subject, which appear Days. Vorn. Even. Height. Festivals, &c.

ginally in the Westminster Reviex. might otherwise, perhaps, more generally attach to it;

CLIMBING BOYS.--We shall, next week, publish an inter but this, it should be remembered, is a very delusive ap- Wednesday 9 6 11 6 55 13 Tuesday 8 4 47 5 29'13 6 Easter Tuesday.

article on this subject, illustrated with engravings pearance, and we should bring to mind that these little Thursday 10 7 31 8 11 14

The lines “To Freedom,” by H. W. J., and the sole di creatures, for their occupation requires that they should Saturday..12 9 37 10 217

stant Reader, shall appear in our next.

[ be diminutive, are the slaves (by executing the most ardu- Sunday....13 10 21 10 46 18 ous part of the work) of their masters, who realize a live Tuesday ..15/11 41 ---- 19 7

5 New Moon, 9h. 5m. morn.

and Co., Lord-street, third door below Varshall-stra



The feats are so pund

h.m. h. m. ft. in.



[blocks in formation]

la familiar Miscellany, from which all religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending LITERATURE, CRITICISM, Men and LyxERS, AMUSEMENT, elegant EXTRACTS, POETRY, ANECDOTES, BIOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY, the DRAMA, Arts and SCIENCES, WIT and SATIRE, Fashions, NATURAL HISTORY, &c. forming Landsome ANNUAL VOLUME, with an INDEX and TITLE-PAGE. Persons in any part of the Kingdom may obtain this work from London through their respective Booksellers.

0. 107.-Vol. VIII.

TUESDAY, APRIL 15, 1828.

Price 3 d.



Scientific Notices.

kites we shall briefly state the advantages and no-fas explicit on other points as he has here been revelty of Mr. Pocock's invention.

specting his guidance of the kites, as he has left the aprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improvelents in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sin- His attention was first directed to the subject by reader to guess at the most extraordinary feat which ular Medical Cases ; Astronomical, Mechanical, Phi, finding that a stone tied to the end of the kite-string he has accomplished, and which almost staggers sophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mineralogical was carried with ease along the ground; a discovery belief. henomena, or singular Facts in Natural History, which suggested the possibility of substituting a car Segetation, &c.; Antiquities, &c.

“ By these kites (says the author) a person may for a stone, provided the power of the kite could be ascend to a very considerable height, from which ÆROPLEUSTIC ART,

increased. In order to augment the draught, “I elevation, land, or any other object, might be disco

made (says Mr. Pocock) a second kite, and flying up vered, long before it could be seen from a mast head.” VIGATION IN THE AIR, BY KITES OR BUOYANT the first until it would carry no more string, I tied -A person may“ land himself or others on the sum


the end of the first kite-string to the back of the mit of the highest rock, raise or lower himself, or

second kite, and letting that up, with its own length glide over the surface of the billows, and afford hope Prospect-place, Bristol

of cordage, my uppermost kite triumphed over all to others where none was before; rescue, when death efore we proceed with our remarks on this most competition.”

rode victorious on the whirlwind, and destruction nordinary, and, we think we may add, most use- At length, by dint of practice, he found, that, by appeared crying for victims through the storm.” liscovery, we shall here transcribe a paragraph attaching several kites, each having a considerable Mr. Pocock's kites are so constructed as to fold up: th appeared in the last Liverpool Mercury, an- length of twine, they might be elevated above the and such is their power, that two of them, one fifteen keing our intention to enter pretty fully into the clouds, and the power of their draught increased to feet and the other twelve, will draw a carriage conset in the Kaleidoscope.

almost any extent. This discovery would have been taining four or five persons, when the wind is brisk.

of little or no value, if the ingenious, persevering, As the application of these kites at sea is, perhaps, most singular and splendid quarto volume, which has and enthusiastic projector had not hit upon some the most important part of the discovery, we shall put into our hands, has afforded us great and unex- means of altering, at will, the momentum, or power here transcribe the author's words: satisfaction. The author, Mr. Pocock, of Bristol, of draught, and of guiding his aërial studs at his

THEIR APPLICATIONS BY SEA. same ingenious gentleman who, as was reported pleasure. In order to show how this is effected, it will 1st. They will serve as auxiliary sails to the navy, mer. months age in all the newspapers, had contrived be necessary for us, and we think agreeable to our

chantmen, trading vessels, &c. After spreading all the sted with great rapidity and safety in a carriage with readers, to transcribe the author's following brief may be added by the application of these buoyant sails as

canvas possible in the usual way, very considerable power horses, drawn by kites, which he has discovered the chapter:

auxiliaries; and this power may be so attached, as to te of steering in almost all directions, by a most simple

counteract the injurious pressure which a crowd of canvas ingenious contrivance. As will be seen by the adver- THE CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT, AND POWER is known to occasion, and which not unfrequently causes ent, we intend to devote a considerable portion of the

too great a dip of the vessel on its lee ; for, let it be recol. Kaleidoscope to the consideration of this subject, and The shape may vary, but for what is termed the pilot, lected, that the draught power of these sails, while aiding an promise our readers no small treat, mixed with certainly

the best. The first peculiarity of this

invention is

, writer does not presume to teach seamen to what part of or uppermost kite, the common circular-headed shape is progress, is also exerted in buoying up the vessel. The ishment, if they rank, as we did until lately, this that the kite is made to fold up, the standard of the kite the vessel the power must be applied; but one thing is scheme amongst the wildest conceits in Swift's La- is divided into two equal lengths, or in three, if the kite evident, namely, that from the use of this novel principle

What will they say to carriages moving with ease is very large ; the wings also have hinges, or joints at the will arise an entirely new branch in the art of sailing, the , twenty, or thirty miles and more an hour, if re- top of the kite; and if very large, each wing is divided merits of which the skilful navigator will know far better

than the projector how to appreciate and how to apply. d, by means of kites , and moving in diametrically into two parts, having a second pinion


In the second part of the invention, two lines are used Again, there are seasons when common sails are of no ite directions with the same wind? And how will for what is termed the belly-band; the upper one, sta. use to a vessel; for frequently it occurs, as has been astonishment be excited when they learn that human tionary or fixed; the under one, termed the lower brace hinted in the introduction, that there is sometimes wind kcan be safely conveyed through the air by the same line, reeves through an eye in the upper line, at about the above, when none stirs below; and that the gale or breeze, ? However, all these things are as true as that distance where the usual bow is tied in the belly-band of which during a fair day was very brisk, generally dies

the common kite. Both these lines are continued down away near the surface of the water at sunset. The rever ascended in his balloon.

to the hand of the controller. By straining on the lower mariner knows, by long experience, that it first forsakes

brace, the kite is brought up against the wind, into full him upon deck, till presently, as it continues still creeping ÆROPLEUSTIC ART.

action; by slackening the same, the kite is laid inactively upward, he derives not the least benefit, except from a

upon the wind: thus its power is instantly increased or light breeze in his sky-sail; and that also finally departs. "brave winds that sweep the alr,

lessened while floating in the air. By these same means But where is it filed ? This is not generally known; for Ponting tall ships along, or with their breath the kite is elevated or lowered at pleasure, soaring or sink. on such calm and clear evenings nothing is seen moving Speeding our winged vessel on its course

ing in proportion as the angle is formed on the kite's in the atmosphere, and all around and above appears to Fleeter than swift Camilla trod the earth, surface.

be in a state of perfect quiescence. However, this is far As the hot race-horse paced. Beautiful winds! Another branch of this system consists of the application from being the case; for it is known to the author of this We fain would harness ye.”—Pocock.

of two side lines; one attached to the right hand extremity treatise, that on such an evening, just in proportion as the

of the kite, and the other to the left. These act upon the wind dies away below, its action is generally quickened ter the desert as rapid as fast bounding roe,

kite much the same as the reins do upon a gig horse ; by above; and, from a number of recent experiments, he has my bark of the breezes all cheer'ly I go;

pulling the right hand line, an obliquity is given to the proved, that, at the height of about 150 yards in the more sudden the rush of the avalanche drift, kite's surface, on which obliquity the wind acting, the atmosphere, there is a steady current of air actively tarrow more fleet, nor the wild horse more swift; kite veers instantly to the right hand : straining on the floating, at the rate of sixteen miles an hour, when there forrard my studs, wing your way through the wind, left hand brace, the action is directly vice versa. By this is not a breath below. This powerful stream of air flows will leave the wild Arab behind."-Pocock.

movement the traverse is performed ; trees and other ob- generally from sunset to midnight, and sometimes runs

stacles avoided, and many advantages obtained. The into the next day. This being known, the wary seaman reviously to laying before our readers the chapter means of a back-band : thus a tandem equipage of in wards add as many others as he may think necessary

invention also admits of attaching kite after kite, by will hoist his first kite before sunset, and he may after IT author's work, which is entitled “ Anecdotes definite power is obtained, and the kites, if requisite,

“ To waft him o'er the floods te Kite," and which contains some very amusing elevated to a vast height.

Swift as the wind, and o'er the boundless deep." ils of experiments made by the agency of the It is to be regretted that the author has not been It is there, then, where the proudest mast never raised


its aspiring head, por the loftiest pennant flew, at a height with the number and power of the kites, and the of their own vision; as in the case of a gentleman, crest of the ocean-rock reached, that a surface of canvas commit himself by asserting that this mode of tra- permission to examine the wheels, and when he that sea.boy never ascended, to unfurl a sky-sail, or the velocity of the wind. The author says he does not one day meeting the flying expedition, very politely be

the conductors to pull up for one minute: he then entre may now be spread with an effect and power hitherto not understood.

velling is the most expeditious and safe ever yet there was no concealed machinery, "Well," THE KITE'S USES IN CASES OF SHIPWRECK.

discovered. Mile after mile (he adds) has been per- kites, Though I have often denied the possibility die Every expedient and attempt to save the shipwrecked formed at the rate of twenty miles an hour, turning thing; however, as I value my character

, be asce has been deemed laudable; and if even a dog succeeds in it by chronometer in hand.” rescuing one individual from the “greedy maw of ocean,

shall never venture to relate what I have seen, being the noble animal is never forgotten. It is allowed on all We have been carried so much further than we suaded that should I do so, I should weaken the confe hands, that the conveying of a rope on shore is, in the case contemplated by this novel and interesting subject, for ever.” In this case, it appears, the objection of this

of my best friends, and poison their good opinion and, for that purpose, a something termed a storm-kite has that we must now conclude with giving the chapter teman was, that he did not conceive it possible to been reconimended; but from the description given of it, from the work, which we promised in the commence- kites to possess power adequate for the drawing of a can the directions laid down for the making of it, and the in- ment of our commentary.

had (he, however, been present on one occasion,

woman would have told him the secret at once. Hell structions afforded for applying the whole apparatus to its intended purpose, nothing can be more safely asserted,

no higher for the discovery than to the grovelling than that such an expedient can seldom or nerer prove the kite-carriage, which, in an earlier portion of the work a number of her neighbours

, who were surroundin The time is now arrived, when the anecdotes relative to she possessed far more elevated penetration. Adly even moderately successful. Indeed, portions of the

plan were glanced "at, may be not unamusingly presented to as their oracle, she observed, " I'll tell you all abe lar works on navigation. For instance, it is recommended, my readers. They will fully illustrate the ill-natured Then, with a deal of sang froid, taking a pinch er that after the wreck has taken place, the kite should be scepticism which it has been the pride of the writer to she added, "they have got a man up there bela

kite, and he is pulling them along." It appearst made. Why such a thing should not be kept always triumph over and defeat. ready, is, because it would not fold up, and, consequently, found that the commencement of his narrative excited mo- tends to her most distant dominions. A young

A gentleman, speaking of the carriage drawn by kites, credulity is not confined to England alone, but than occupy useful room in the vessel ; neither could any place have been found, convenient for stowage, from whence it mentary attention ; but the company, as by mutual con- now in India, who was educated at “ Prospects could be easily produced, and, as such, a kite could not sent, very soon neglected him. He then, rather warmly, has the following paragraph in a letter to his correa be applied to any other than this painful use : its construc: This produced a titter, and whispering, indicative of con- to give an account of Mr. Pocock's char-volant, bet

asked the question, whether they did not believe him now at the same academy :-"I have once or twice tion was, therefore, to be left to a moment, which, of all tempt. However, being determined that they should be who hear me mention the subject think I am pali others, was the most exceptionable. Again, the scheme convinced, he assured them that he himself bad rode in long bow, I have lately held my tongue respeta should be fastened to the end of the kite's tail; the surest the car, at the rate of sixteen miles an hour. This com- Whenever any thing marvellous is told at the te method of preventing the proper action in the wind. In pleted the wonderful story; all burst into a laugh; and a cry in general is, Come, that beats Pritchards

They all say, seeing is believing string of the kite is to be let run out suddenly, that the dear Sir, I never knew you to tell fibs, and therefore must until they do see such a thing, they will never la order to drop this anchor, when suspended over shore, the particular friend of the narrator observed, "Well, my carriage. whole may drop together to the earth. If it so drop, the credit your assertion; but if I had seen the thing myself, Major John W. Say, 32d regt. formerly one of your grappling-iron must take its chance of fastening; if this I would not have believed my own eyes."

pupils, who is at present rusticating not far from does not succeed, no second attempt can be made with at Brighton was actually silenced by the president of the India bear me out in my tale.”

Another gentleman, introducing the subject in a party will, I hope, see the said carriage, and when he rete that kite.

An ingenious gentleman, knowing how exceptionable meeting, whose remark was, “Sir, your very surprising A volume of similar relations might be given was this mode of causing the descent, invented a more relations might do in certain descriptions of coinpany, but are sufficient to prove that something is called

away this universal scepticism, to silence the certain method : this was, by sending up a messenger of they cannot be allowed here !" canvas, which, sliding up the string, removed a catch in

A lady, also, of high respectability, in the neighbour, the witty, and to afford general information the lower part of the belly-band, and then the kite fell, hood of Bristol, politely requested a sketch of the car and chis new, and, the writer trusts it will be adre together with its grappler. But when once dropped, it kites, with the rate of wavelling, &c.; so that some of her liar, invention. could not be raised again, neither could a second trial be testimonials, it seems, were not altogether satisfactory;

incredulous friends might be convinced : 'even these made, if the first did not succeed. Than these, the author of this treatise knows of no and nothing less than seeing the equipage in action could

The Philanthropist. other inventions or expedients, by means of kites, men- tlemian, who had been the chief disputant with this lady,

remove scepticism; this, also, was granted, and the gentioned in any work whatever.

was requested to alight from his carriage, and seat him. Now the patentee's lately invented portable kites are self on the char-rolant ; the result was, his pair of greys, unfurled and ready instantly; by them may be suspended drawing two persons, were quickly left in the rear by the very considerable weights; they may be lowered or raised pair of kites, drawing five. This gentleman's argument

We have received the Anti-Slavery Reporter til at pleasure, till hold is taken by the grapnel. Other kites had been, that fee-way

being given to the kites, by the and, in order to redeem our pledge, and further te would fly only in the direct course of the wind: these may running forward of the car, they would speedily drop to of the philanthropic promoters and talented cost course, to a very considerable fangle: and thus, if the barely sufficient to support the kites, but when it is at all stract of the contents as our limits will permit. N anchor does not hold in one spot, it may be elevated, and active, still, as they make progress, they retain their ele. remembered that, in the early part of last meel, let down in another, till a proper catch is obtained. But

vation. should it be deemed more expedient at once to send a person on shore, with a rope, to make every thing secure, he may come under observations

, was the rude treatment of two ject of colonial slavery, arising from a question

The most mortifying circumstance that has hitherto was some discussion in the House of Commons att be borne above the bursting billows, and alight like a amiable young ladies, who, having rode in this novel Brougham, as to whether the measures taken by bird, a messenger of good from the flood, on the clift or vehicle, were quite delighted to mention their excursion ; latures of the colonies, with reference to the sain beach, according to the relative situation of the wreck. --this was in a numerous party. A scientific character, lation, were so satisfactory to Government are der all that aid which

circumstances required ; for, should common politeness, very gravely, and quite in the cha. Parliamentary interference unnecessary? M. it so unfortunately occur that female passengers and chil-racter of a cynic, interrupted the lively relation, by ob- replied that, in the Crown colonies, the measur dren be among the despairing number of the shipwrecked, serving, Ladies

, the respect I have for your worthy mended by Government, with the exception of er hammock or cot, and thus transport them, as in an ark of induces me to protest against this romancing, and to say that, in the colonies having legislatures of their safety, above the foaming billows, and land them over the that you are not telling truth.” The parties have never spray, dry-shod upon the shore ? since exchanged a sentence.

where considerable hostility had been manifestat In the same way might every one be landed, even the last, if circumstances require. In cases of shipwreck at a of mechanism had led him to this gross breach of good be concurrence

of the colonial authorities; without It appears, that this pedant's conceit of his knowledge wishes of Government, nothing could be done with very considerable distance from the land, a patent kite, of haviour, for after he had committed himself, he thought might ruin the colonies, without benefiting the the smallest size, would safely tow several men to shore, it might be some justification for his rudeness, to show and with reference to the first point, the Reporter som of ship's fuurdering at sea, of what varied service might on their axes sufficiently quick to perform sixteen miles an conclusive reasons for believing that Mr. Huskite these inventions be! One single kite would draw, and hour, which was the rate of travelling the ladies had stated. sertion is not fairly

applicable to any of the career aid to buoy up, a considerable spar, or little raft, keeping It is hoped that this publication will prevent such very mentioned, nor even to Trinidad itself, which has it from rolling or turning over; serving, at the same time, knowing

gentlemen, those so wise in their own conceit

, held forth as a model for the other Crowd colatis for a sail, and signal of distress, so lofty and conspicuous from insulting the ladies for the time to come; and should as to attract very distant observation. Again, were the any of these cheerful visitors hereafter drop into a friendly

The Trinidad Order in Council of March, 1 string of a kite fastened judiciously beneath 'a person's of fashionable circle, after some aerial excursion, and in termed an order for promoting the religious instru arms, it might support him for hours, and watt him within the zest of conversation should they be heard to relate their of the slaves, as well as improving their temporal reach of help, or to some shore, or into some haven, adventures, as having not only been drawn by kites, but tion; yet it contains not one elause conducive to the " Where aid may soothe away the pangs of fear,

and over rivers, it will not be safe even for reputed wisdom a promoting the religious instruction of ebe slens Or pitying stranger drop compassion's tear." With respect to the speed at which a car can be It is by no means wonderful that persons should refuse ther young or old. It was proposed by Government has managed by the new agency, it will, of course, vary credence to their friends, when they doubt the certitude ) che slave some day in lieu of the Sunday, in which heel



in his provision-ground for his own support, and increased than diminished, and the planters have proved, Biographical Notices. bren his marketing, so that that day might be set apart beyond a question, that the owners of slaves are utterly day of rest and prayer ; but neither Sunday markets incapable of legislating for slaves. As to the alleged neSunday labour has been abolished. The Spanish slave cessity of colonial concurrence, that imprudent admission which was in force before the island came into our from Mr. Huskisson must serve as an encouragement to

(From the Philosophical Magazine for April.) ession, allowed the slave 134 days in the year on which the planters to continue their contumacious opposition to erfarm his religious duties and labour for his own bene- the wishes of the Government. The British House of On Monday, the 17th of March, died at his house in the British laws allow for the same purposes seventeen. Commons should no longer delegate a trust to others which Surrey-street, Norwich, his native city, aged 68, Sir James hing can carry the intentions of Government, in this they cannot, or will not, execute fairly.

Edward Smith, M.D., F.R.S., Meinber of the Academies set , into effect, but the absolute prohibition of Sunday

of Stockholm, Upsal, Turin, Lisbon, Philadelphia, New

York, &c. &c., the Imperial Acad. Naturæ Curiosorum, market day, or that on which he is obliged to labour DECREASE OF THE SLAVES IN THE WEST INDIES.

The decrease in the number of slaves in the British and the Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris, Hon. Mem. isown support, -and the substitution of some other

of the Horticultural Society; and President of the Linstead. Under the existing law the slave is bound to

West India colonies, for three years preceding 1824, was næan Society, which office he bad held from the first estaseven days in the week ; and it is unnecessary to about 18,000, or 2, per cent. ; whilst the blacks in St. Do- blishment of the Society in 1788.

Of this eminent naturalist and most excellent and ether than this fact

, in order to discover why the num mingo, and the slaves in the United States of America, inthe slaves should be continually decreasing, while crease about 24 per cent. per annum :- between

a decrease amiable man, as time does not permit

us, in our present I the free negroes around them is rapidly on the in- of 24 per cent. in three years, and an increase of 24 per his merits, we must fulfil

that duty at a future time. We The evidence of slaves is inadmissible in civil cent. per annum, there is a difference of 34 per cent., shall now only add, that he had laboured nearly up to the wherein the master is concerned; it is also rejected which, on 711,960 slaves, would make about 23,000 per day of his decease, (though often impeded

by sickness, 1 affecting the life of a white man, who may thus annum, to be the extent of the destruction and prevention with unabated zeal and success in the advancement of his

English Ik murder

with impunity, though thousands of slaves of human life in the British colonies, as compared with favourite science; the fourth volume of this. itnesses to the deed. 'If a slave prove that his the United States of America, or the neighbouring Island death. The former volumes of this masterly work

have has inflicted an illegal punishment upon bim, of St. Domingo!

been noticed by us on their publication. At the close of

SUPPORT OF SLAVERY. linquent is sentenced to pay a fine of £4 98. ster

the volume which has just appeared, are the following reIf he fails to prove his accusation, (and, be it re

From a calculation recently made, it appears that the marks, which will now be read with melancholy interest E med, that neither his own evidence nor that of his West Indian proprietors are supported at the expense of by the friends and admirers of the much lamented author.

Blaves is available, he is delivered over by the the people of Great Britain, and that the fatal system of publication of the present volume, which, if their recurs rate to his incensed master to receive a punishment slavery could not exist without the aid of bounties and rence should not be prevented, may render the completion Feding twenty-five stripes: and if he thinks the protecting duties.

of the work, according to its original plap, very precarious. leserving of a higher punishment for the indig.

The bounty on sugar, which amounts to about three In the meanwhile, the number of volumes originally proto which he has subjected his master, he is shillings a cwt. (half having been taken off last year) draws posed is now finished, and

the first twenty-three classes are

completed, as well as the first Order of the twenty-fourth, * refer the case to a higher tribunal. Such an

from the Exchequer, for an export of about 37,000 tons, Cryptogamia Filices, the only one that required more , kus law as this seems to have been contrived for the the sum of about £111,000. The additional price levied study and emendation than it has hitherto received.

purpose of preventing the unhappy slave from on the public on account of our internal consumption, “Of the remaining Orders, the Musci have been de. ng a complaint, however infamously he may be which amounts to about 150,000 tons, is about £450,000, tailed in the Latin Flora Britannica and Compendium of

The Order in Council would seem to give the making together £560,000. The effect of the protecting other well-known writers, in two editions of the Muscologia Tample rights of property, but as he is prohibited duty of 10s. against East India, and 368. against foreign Britannica, and the Muscologia Hibernicæ Spicilegium. lling any but the produce of his provision-ground, sugar, cannot be very accurately ascertained. If we esti- The monograph of Dr. Hooker

on British Jungermannic, 1 no day given him in lieu of Sunday, the most un- mate it at the low rate of 6s. a cwt. £900,000 more is thus which, with their

allies, constitute the

next order to the ing labour can barely suffice to provide for the most taken out of the pockets of the British consumers, making Musci, diffuses a new light over the whole of that Order. g wants of nature. In 1824, Government intended a grand total of upwards of £1,460,000, or at the average Dillwyn on Conferva, have gone far to exhaust the species hide against the inhumanity of separating families rate of from £800 to £900 a year to each slave-holding of those tribes; an application of scientific principles to

which had before, most humanely, been strictly sugar planter. This sum, indeed, is divided among them the settlement of their genera being all that is wanting. en by the Spanish law; the Order in Council, in very unequal proportions, some of them importing more The Lichen family, under the control

of the great Acha: only affects judicial sales, leaving the far more the sugar farmer at least eight pounds sterling for every than by most popular writers, and well explained by the largely than others; but it may be estimated to yield to rius, assumes the dignity of an entire and well-arranged

Order. The Fungi, better discriminated by. Withering us private ones to be guided entirely by individual 1 or caprice. The Government principle, that no

ton of sugar he imports ; that is to say, the rich and the figures of the excellent and lamented Sowerby, are, in fie to be the protector of slaves who is himself an poor of this country are burdened to this enormous extent, their minutest details, exquisitely

illustrated by the

Crypslaves, is generally lost sight of in the person of not only to supply luxuries to about 1800 sugar farmers, togamia Flora of the ingenious Dr. Greville, and the ca protector, and his numerous assistants, who may wasting the lives of their slaves, at a rate which would have proved less obscure than heretofore. This tribe, in

but to enable them, with profit to themselves, to go on curate publications of Mr. Purton. These, marshalled by ily engaged in the slave system, and warm up- ultimately unpeople the world. of its worst abuses. The Trinidad Order has

deed, leads the botanist to the end of his clue, and leaves llation for restricting the hours of labour of the

him in palpable darkness, where even Dillenius was beSlavery in Kentucky.-While taking my breakfast, some wildered. At the best, these amount to eleven and a half yells and hallooing called us to the door. A troop of horse- " All these subjects, if not yet brought into perfect dayday, exclusive of a great deal of vexatious labour men were passing. Two of the party had each a negro light, might well, by the help of those brilliant northern beld work is over; but, during crop time, that is, slave running before him, secured by a rope fastened to lights, Acharius, Fries, and Agardh, have been made more from one-third to one-half of the year, they are at intervals to quicken their pace. The bloody backs and botanists, by one long accustomed to their contemplation

an iron collar. A tremendous horsewhip reminded them accessible to the student, and more instructive to systematic led to work eighteen hours a day entirely for their necks of these wretches bespoke a too frequent application in the wild scenes of nature, and not unfurnished with re

-an intensity of toil to which the very beasts in of the lash. The third negro had, however, the hardest marks of his own. If our bodily powers could keep pace vice of man are not subjected. The provisions lot. The rope of his collar was fastened to the saddle with our mental acquirements, the student of half a century the Order, for allowing the slave to redeem him- string of the third horseman, and the miserable creature would not shrink

from the delightful task of being still a his family, on a fair appraisement, though ob- with the trotting horse, or to be dragged through ditches, future assistance to his fellow-labourers, though, for the

had thus no alternative left, but to keep an equal pace teacher ; nor does he resign the hope of affording some by the British planters, on account of their thorns, and coppice-wood. His feet and legs all covered present, " a change of study," to use the expression of a 19, are, in that respect, far inferior to those of the with blood,

exhibited a dreadful spectacle. The three slaves great French writer, may be requisite " by way of relaw. By the chicanery of the master and his had run away three days before, dreading transportation laxation and repose.” states, this appraisement is made the source of ex- Porth, calling her black girls, “ what is done with the

• See Phil. Mag. vol. Ixvii. p 60. gain to him, und of grievous oppression to the bad negroes, who run away from their good masters! With an indifference, and a laughing countenance, which

Tide Table. are some of the defects of the slave code in Tri- clearly showed how accustomed these poor children were to

Days. Morn. Even. Height. and they apply, more or less, to the other six the like scenes, they expressed their sentiments at this dis. which are subject to the direct legislation of the gusting conduct.”—The Americans as they Are.

Tuesday .. 1511 47 In the thirteen colonies having legislatures of

(begin. In the stomach of a crocodile, which was killed near the Thursday 17 0 43 1

Wednesday16 0:7 0 25 19 3 Oxford and Cam. Terms wo, little or nothing has been done. Thus, after

Ganges, in 1824, were found the remains of a woman, a Friday ...18 1 21 1 39 17 0 bars experiment, of hopes and fears, nothing has whole cat, the remains of a dog and sheep, several rings, Saturday..10 587 Alphege: one to alleviate the horrors of that blot upon human and the separated parts of the common bangles worn by Monday 21 3 23 3 47 13

1 2d Sundayafter Easter. -slavery ; indeed those borrors have rather been the native women.

Festivals, &c.

h. m.h.m. ft. in.

19 7

2 18


Tuesday ..221 4 18

5 Moon's First Quarter.

49 11



And silent in dust was the musical tongue,

Determined demeanour, and straight-forward name,
And hush'd were the strains the enchanter had sung, They draw down attention towards the close of the gam
Yet the stone on their tomb seem'd untrue to its trust, Above all things, when matters of crisis are seen,
For there breathed yet a voice from the eloquent dust. When deep in her plots dies the powerful Queen,
When the splendour was dimm'd by disgrace, and each When the valorous Knight has sunk, quite out of brea

And the Bishop's manœuvres have ended in death,
That shook the wide earth was their boast and their shame, Then the cut and thrust Castle is able to bring

The loyal assistance required by the King,
A new home, a new name, a new nation she sought her,

A bless'd tower of strength, proved not only in name,
In a land far away o'er the deep rolling water.

Yielding safety and conquest in this royal game.
Where the sun, flaming o'er the Atlantic's green breast,

The pawns are the plibs, insignificant elves,
First looks on the glorious lands of the west,

As whom no one cares for, they shift for themselves
The victor to vanquish, the spoiler to spoil,

When opposed by the privileged orders in ire,
By her angel aspect meek,
And glory and peace are the meed of the toil.

Root and branch, they're cut up, and quickly expire;
By the rose upon her cheek,
By the radiance of her eye,
'Twas then, oh bright spirit of freedom ! to thee

Now and then they, indeed, make a vigorous stand, Smiling sweet, but treacherously ; The cry of Ausonia came over the sea ;

'Mongst themselves, when resolving to join hand in By the veins of violet hue, Yet, strangely commingling, the far echoes roll

But this, e'en their best plight, is only like breath Seen her skin of ivory through ; With the voice of Iberia, the hope of the Pole,

That's respired from the body by a lingering death.

'Twill at times, indeed, happen, by a very fine chane By these tokens, well I know,

Shall the prayer of the sons of thy mighty be vain, A rara avis in terris will continue to advance Short must be her race below, Nor the fire of past ages once kindle again?

To the high ewig of royalty, 'mid the lords of the And that soon, in beauty's pride, In vain shall thy chosen imploringly bend,

But when, by great effort, he's got there, his claim Death 'will claim her for his bride. While in gladness the songs of the stranger ascend.

Will never be yielded ; nor can he abide By the tender matchless grace Return, ah, return, and thy golden age bring,

If his former self quickly he lay not aside: Vain would agony efface; More sweetly again the enchanter shall sing ;

Nor can there, e'en then, a new title be got, By her every look and tone, And a Cæsar arise, like the first in renown

'Less the place of some Bishop, or Knight, or what As from heaven were round her thrown, Ere the wreath on his brow was an Emperor's crown.

Remain for disposal. The steep hill of fame While yet a denizen of earth,

Liverpool, March 27, 1828.

H. W.J.

He has climbed, to present but a much better sin The attributes of saintly birth;

To sharpshooters, that first cast an eye on the heigte By her soul's aspirings high,

With a long shot removing him quickly from sight.

And by her sweetness heavenly ;-

Doncaster, April 5, 1828.
Be these, and all of good, and fair,
Brief, I know, her sojourn here.
The board is a stage that might represent life,

And the pieces the mortals that move on in strife,
Smiling mischief, dazzling woe!
O'er the black and white squares, that, as types, are un Author of the forthcoming volume entitled Tales of

By Mrs. CADDICK, Well, too well, thy form I know;

furlid, Know thee by thy radiant dress,

For the ups and the downs of this sad chequered world.
Thy more than mortal loveliness.
Fairest herald of the tomb !
King David, of old, said the whole life of man,

Scentless and pale, and lowly as thou art,
Might amount to threescore years and ten, a long span;
Doff thy beauty, doff thy bloom,

I love thee better than the gaudy train Our career, since his time, is much sooner got o'er, The summer's boast thou speakest to my heart And, since thine the poisoned dart,

Dr. Price, and the chess-board, grants us but sixty-four; That drinks the life-blood of the heart,

Of simple joys I ne'er shall know again : The movements throughout, too, the whole of life's game, Veil thee deep, in robes of night,

When it was rapture thy meek flowers to find, The black and white pieces, in number the same; And cease to smile a shape of light.

And their smooth stems upon my forehead biad. The good and the bad that to man e'er befel,

I knew not then that any wealth could be Dread Consumption ! wherefore, say,

Have, together, been mixed up indifferently well. Thine to flatter and betray ?

More precious than my store of dewy floresSee the King teaching kings what their conduct should That life could boast more rare felicity Wherefore still, with brow serene, prove,

Than to recline, in summer's noontide hours, Seek thine errand, stern, to screen ?

By the prudence and care of his own stately move; In some deep grove, and hear the wild bird thrill Thou Hygeia's rival still, When attacks on prerogative ever are made,

Its joyous notes, where all beside was still. Smiling mischief, dazzling ill !

With the same solemn caution he moves retrograde. Doff thy flowers that round thee twine,

And though those guileless joys have passed svaj, The Queen, at manœuvring, the head of the board, Doff the Hebe mask divine;

Fleeting with childhood, as young howereds tode The Marie Antoinette, so complete, so ador'd,

Before the cloudless sun's meridian ray, For oh, the pangs when dies the rose, Till, like that accomplished, unfortunate dame,

When torn relentless from their native shade; Or ere the storm its form disclose ! By some dire countermining, she's swept from the game.

Yet I complain not-for around thee throwo
The Bishops come next in the game for a share,

Are other charms which later years have knore
Intriguing and subtle, a sinister pair;
They march not straight forward, as honest men do,

I look not yet upon thy flower unmoved,
But glance quite oblique at the scheme they've in view.

Since thou wert worthy—thou bright floral
Te Dacus asper, te profugi Scythæ,
These pieces of old bore a different name;

(Though by art's fostering culture unimproved)
Urbesque, gentesqui, et Latium feron,
The title being wanted, the Bishops laid claim

To be cwice bound in poet's diadem*
Regumque matres barbarorum, et
Purpurei metuunt tyranni."
To the dormant distinction, and instanced a course

Twined with the laurel leaves, as pearls are con
Hor. bk. 1, od. 35. Of sinister movements, so long, with such force,

In their transparent pride, 'mid emeralds green. The world saw no reason, on calmer reflection,

All hail! Parnassian blossom, thou hast power, 'Twas long since the Goth of the pitiless porth, From that time to this, to rescind the election.

As with a mystic spell, to bid me dream Like his storms from the land of the tempest rush'd forth; See the Knight, so erratic amid the gay throng,

of the bright things which are the poet's dowerThe Grecian had sunk in the wide swelling flood, Moving this way and that way, redressing each wrong:

Of Fancy's fairy forms-of Hope's gay beswa
And conquering Rome saw her sun set in blood.
He owns no straight-lacing, by old laws or new,

Of all his spirit pictures when it flings
And nations, more fierce than the Vandal in name,
Though his orbit's eccentric, his object's in view.

Its being forth in wild imaginings.
Knight-errantry's ended,-poor chivalry's gone,

And yet what hath he who thus wastes his life, Had forg'd a fresh chain for the children of fame;

And those glorious days that with bright splendour shone, (And none, perchance, in his emotions shares) When reluctant to flee, and unable to save,

Are extinguished for ever—from great Charlemagne What doth he gain in the eternal strife
The spirit of freedom yet stood by the wave.
Down to Edward Plantagenet ;-never again

That his heart wages with the world's cold cares! She looked for her freemen, but freemen were none, Will the light be rekindled ; maintaining the right,

Floweret ! enshrined in ever living lays, The stranger was there, they had bow'd to his throne; Lives only on chess-boards the chivalric Knight.

What fate was his who first hymned forth thy prais! Other lords, other nations held rule in their home, of the Castles, in this place, need little be said,

.." The Mountain Daisy" of Burns, and the " Paint m'er the glorious of Hellas, the mighty of Rome. With the blunt honest front, and the turreted head, India" of Montgomery.


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