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Scientific Notices.

or of Surgeons, of London, Edinburgh, or Dublin, or of Icil Register for 1694, it is recorded that all unclaimed dead

the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, and bodies in the charitable institutions or in the streets, were ANATOMICAL DISSECTIONS.

upon the payment of twenty shillings into the hands of the given for dissection to the College of Surgeons, to one or

treasurer of the hospital, infirmary, workhouse, poorhouse, two of its individual members, and to the professor of Appeal to the Public and to the Legislature, on officer appointed to receive the same. [This is too large position on the part of the people, but effectually answered

foundling-house, house of correction, prison, or other anatomy. This regulation, at that period, excited no ope necessity of affording Dead Bodies to the Schools a sum." 7. That no dead body shall be conveyed from a the desired object. All the medical schools on the

Conti. Anatomy, by Legislative Enactment. By William hospital, infirmary, workhouse, poorhouse, foundling- nent are supplied with subjects, by public authority, in a Ickenzie.

house, house of correction, prison, or morthouse, to a similar manner. We have obtained from a friend in Paris, (Concluded from our last.)

school of anatomy, except in a covered bier, and between a gentleman who is at the head of the anatomical departa

the hours of four and sis in the morning. 8. That after ment in that city, the following account of the manner in study of anatomy is a severe and laborious study; the expiration of twenty-eight days, an officer appointed which the schools of anatomy are supplied. It is stated ; e: it is even not without danger to life itself. To tioned, shall cause the remains of the dead to be placed in take from the civil hospitals, from the prisons,

and from actice of dissection is, on many accounts, highly re. for this purpose, in each of the four towns above men. 1. That the Faculty of medicine at Paris is authorized to

clear understandings, to those especially of a phi. a coffin, removed from the school of anatomy, where the the dépôts of mendicity, the bodies which are necessary leal turn of mind, the pursuit is its own reward; dead body has been examined, to the morthouse of the for teaching anatomy.-2. That a gratuity of eightpence te so fully satisfied that the more it is cultivated the town, and decently buried. 9. That the expenses attend. is given to the attendants in the hospitals for each body. atisfaction it will afford, that they need no stimulus ing the execution of these regulations, be defrayed out of 3. That upon the foundation, by the National Convention, ace them to undergo the drudgery. But this is by fees paid by teachers and students of anatomy, on receiving of schools of health, the statutes of their foundation de ans the case with ordinary

minds. The fatigue and dead bodies from the hospitals, infirmaries, workhouses, clare, that che subjects necessary for the schools of anatomy E of the dissecting-room are appalling to them, and poorhouses, foundling.houses, houses of correction, prisons, shall be taken from the hospitals, and that, since this pe. eed the stimulus of necessity to urge them to the and morthouses.

riod, the council of hospitals and the prefect of police have The court of examiners of the College of Surgeons

To this plan there is but one objection : viz. that it is always permitted the practice.-4. That M. Breschet, chief s from the candidates for surgical diplomas certifi- making the bodies of the poor public property. The of the anatomical department of the faculty of Paris, sends hat they have gone through at least two courses of answer is, that the limitation in the proposed law, which a carriage daily to the different hospitals, which brings ions; the examiners at Apothecaries'-ball do not the objection does not notice, entirely reinoves the weight back the necessary number of bodies; that this number such certificates. The consequence is, that many of that objection. Though no maxim can be more indis- has sometimes amounted to 2000 per annum, for the fa. men content themselves with attending lectures, putable than that those who are supported by the public culty only, without reckoning those used in L'Hôpital de ith passing their examinations at Apothecaries'- hall, die in its debt, and that their remains, at least, might, la Pitié, but that since the general attention which has not apply for a diploma at the College of Surgeons. without injustice, be converted to the public use, yet it is recently been bestowed upon pathologic anatomy, numbers & single fact is sufficient to demonstrate to the pub- not proposed to dispose in this manner of the bodies of all of bodies are opened in the civil and military hospitals, at, instead of throwing obstacles in the way of dis-' the poor, but only of that portion of the poor who die un- and that the faculty seldom obtain more than 1000 or 1200. 1, it is a duty which they owe to themselves to afford claimed, and without friends, and whose appropriation to -5. That, besides the dissections by the faculty of medipossible facility to its practice, and to hold out to this public service could, therefore, afford pain to no one. cine, and those pursued in L'Hopital de la Pitié, theatres member of the profession, the most powerful in. If any concession and co-operation on the part of the pubs of anatomy are opened in all the great hospitals, for the ents to engage in it, by rewarding with confidence lic, for this great public object, is to be expected, and pupils of those establishments ; that in these institutions who cultivate anatomy, by making excellence in without concession and co-operation nothing can be done, anatomy is carefully taught, and that pupils have all the jy indispepsible to all offices in dispensaries and it is not easy to conceive of any plan which requires less facilities for dissection that can be desired.–6. That the ils, and by thus rendering it impossible for any one public concession, or implies less violation of public feeling price of a body varies from four shillings to eight shillings ignorant of anatomy, to obtain rank in his pro. In point of fact, it would put no indignity, it would inflict and sixpence.-7. That, after dissection, the bodies are

When a candidate presents himself for a diplono injury, on the poor ; it is the rejection of it that would wrapt in cloths, and carried to the neighbouring cemetery, Denmark, in his first trial he is put into a room really and practically

be unjust and cruel. The question where they are received for tenpence.-8. That the pracsubject, a case of instruments, and a memorandum, is, whether the surgeon shall be allowed to gain knowledge tice of exhumation is abolished; that there are insurforned that he is to display the anatomy of the face by operating on the bodies of the dead, or driven to obtain mountable obstacles to the return to that system ; and ck, or that of the upper extremity, or that of the it by practising on the bodies of the living. If the dead that bodies are never taken from burial grounds without extremity: that by the anatomy is to be understood, bodies of the poor are not appropriated to this use, their an order for exhumation, which is given only when the Dod vessels, nerves, and muscles; and that, as soon living bodies will, and must, be. The rich will always tribunals require it for the purpose of medico-legal investihas accomplished his task, the professors will attend have it in their power to select, for the performance of an gations.-9. That though the people have an aversion to mmons t, judge of his attainments. These profes. operation, the surgeon who has already signalized him the operations of dissection, yet they never make any opHe the true examiners !

self by success : but that surgeon, if he have not obtained position to them, provided respect be paid to the laws of e shall bave entered into the discussion of this sub- the dexterity which ensures success, by dissecting and decency and salubrity, on account of the deep conviction a little purpose, if we have not produced in the operating on the dead, must have acquired it by making that prevails of their utility.-10. That the relatives of the of our readers a deep conviction ; that anatomy experiments on the living bodies of the poor. There is deceased seldom or never oppose the opening of any body, to form an essential part of medical education, that no other means by which he can possibly have gained the if the physicians desire it; that all the medical students in ny cannot be studied without the practice of dissec. necessary information. Every such surgeon who rises to France, with scarcely any exception, dissect; and that that that dissection cannot be practised without a supply which he has inflicted, and the death which he has brought is universally regarded as the inost ignorant of men. jects; and that the manner in which that supply is ed in England is detestable, and ought immedz. upon hundreds of the poor. The effect of the entire abo- It is time that the physicians and surgeons of England be changed. It might be changed casily. We lition of the practice of dissecting the dead, would be, to should exert themselves to change a system which has 50 with Mr. Mackenzie, that legislative interference is convert poorhouses and public hospitals into so many long retarded the progress of their science, and been prolry; we are satisfied that nothing will be done in schools where the surgeon, by practising on the poor, ductive of so much evil to the community. We are per ad without it. The plan which Mr. Mackenzie would learn to operate on the rich with safety and dex: suaded that there is good sense enough, both in the people bis as follows:-1. That the clause of our criminal terity:. This would be the certain and inevitable result: and in the legislature, to listen to their representations. by which the dissection of the dead body is made and this, indeed, would be to treat them with real indig. We would advise them to avail themselves of the means the punishment for murder, be repealed. 2. That nity and horrible injustice; and proves how possible it is they possess to communicate information to the people, lumation of dead bodies be punishable as felony.- to show an apparent consideration for the poor, and yet and to make individual members of Parliament

acquainted Ino diploma in medicine or surgery be granted by practically to treat them in the most injurious and cruel with the subject. With this view we would recommend ulty, college, or university, except to those persons

the whole body to act in concert, to appoint a committee all produce undoubted evidence of their having Nor would the proposed plan be the means of deterring for conducting the matter, and to petition Parliament, as y dissected at least five human bodies.-4. That in this class of people from entering the hospitals. There is soon as they shall have made the nature of their claims, the hospitals, infirmaries, workhouses, poorhouses, something, reasonable in the apprehension on which this and the grounds on which they rest, more generally g- houses, houses of correction, and prisons, of objection is founded: but the answer to it is complete, known. If they act in co-operation with each

other, and Edinburgh, Glasgow, and Dublin, and, if need because it is an answer, derived from experience, to an pursue their object temperately, and steadily, we cannot all other towns in Great

Britain and Ireland, an ohjection, which is merely a deduction from what is pro but believe that their efforts, at no distant period, will be eot be appointed for the reception of the bodies of bable. The plan has been acted on, and found to be un crowned with success. sons dying in the said hospitals, infirmaries, work. attended with this result: it was tried in Edinburgh, and poor houses, foundling-houses, houses of correc. the hospital was as full as it is at present: it is universally

METEOROLOGICAL DIARY. ind prisons, unchimed by immediute relatives, or acted on in France, and the hospitals are always crowded.

(From the Liverpool Courier.) relatives decline to defray the expenses of interment. The great advantages of the plan are, that it would hat the bodies of all persons dying in these towns, accomplish the proposed object, easily, and completely, Deed be, in all other towns, and also in country whereas the plan in operation effects it imperfectly and 3, unclaimable by immediate relatives, or whose with difficulty; and it would put an immediate and entire Mar. * decline to defray the expenses of interment, shall stop to all the evils of the present system. At once it reyed to a morthouse appointed in the said towns would put an end to the needless education of daring and ir reception.-6. That no dead bodies shall be deli- desperate violators of the law. It would tranquillize the from any hospital, infirmary, workhouse, poor. public mind. Their dead would rest undisturbed; the

S.S.E. Fair. foundling-house, house of correction, prison, or sepulchre would be sacred ; and all the horrors which the yuse, for anatomical purposes, except upon the re. imagination connects with its violation would cease for April

1 130 14 38 01 40

o s.s.w. Cloudy. on of a member of the Royal College of Physicians ever, We have stated that the plan has been tried. Experience

27th, Very stormy during night, with rain; and sovea, 4. winter never passes without proving fatal to several has proved its efficacy. It was adopted with perfect suc




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Than those fair gems which light the skies

Than yonder radiant sparkling star ; Though they now sing from pole to pole,

Yet thine hold converse with the soul. That hour the seaman mourns the rays

Of day retreating from the west, It makes me long for other days,

When our glad sun shall never rest, But light for us a world of joy,

Nor aught on earth our heav'n shall cloy. The moments, then, with love shall fly,

And each shall bear upon its wing
No gloomy thought, nor grief, nor sigh,

But heav'n-born Peace, that holy thing0, yes ! beneath, around, above,

Our life shall be an HOUR OF LOVE. Sligo, March 26, 1828.




I did-and going did a rainbow note :

“Surely,” thought I,
“ This is the lace of Peace's coat-

I will search out the matter;"
But, as I look'd, the clouds immediately

Did break and scatter.
Then went I to a garden, and did spy

A gallant flower,
The crown imperial. “Sure," said I,

“ Peace at the root must dwell.”
But, when I digg'd, I saw a worm devour

What show'd so well.
At length I met a reverend, good, old man,

Whom, when for Peace
I did demand, he thus began :

“ There was a Prince of old, At Salem dwelt, who liv'd with good increase,

Of flock and fold.
“ He sweetly liv’d, yet sweetness did not save

His life from foes :
But, after death, out of the grave,

There sprang twelve stalks of wheat:
Which many wondering at, got some of those

To plant and set. “ It prosper'd strangely, and did soon disperse

Through all the earth;
For they that taste it do rehearse

That virtue lies therein ;
A secret virtue, bringing peace and mirth

By flight from sin. “ Take of this grain, which in my garden grows,

And grows for you ;-
Make bread of it, and that repose

And peace, which everywhere
With so much earnestness you do pursue,

Is only there."

Would that were mine some cottage lone,

With eglantine inwove;
Some Arcady to care unknown,

A stranger, too, to love ;
For love, beneath an angel's form,
Oft hides the demon of the storm.
Would that were mine some dwelling bland,

From human ken remote;
Where, wrapt in dreams of fairy land,

Fond visions fancy-wrought,
Pale Memory herself might lose,
And Lethe's waters o'er her close.
Would that were mine some sylvan grove,

For gentle Dryad meet ;
The glorious sparkling heavens above,

A streamlet at my feet,
Winding its quiet path along,
Through troops of flowers, a fragrant throng.
Would that were mine some leafy glen

Where Silence holds her court,
And where, for “ busy hum of men,”

Heard but the blackbird's note;
Or plashing of the ocean spray,
The voice of waters far away.
Would that were mine, 'mid scenes like these,

To while the hours away;
Peaceful as evening's softest breeze,

Tranquil as Luna's ray;
The heart, whence every frailty driven,
Holding sweet intercourse with Heaven.
Would that were mine so calm to live,

Were mine so calm to die;
To bid dear Happiness revive,

And let the storm sweep by :
Alas! ere heedless of the blast,

Must life with all its dreams have past.


GEORGE HERBERT. This accomplished poet, and noted divine, was born on the 3d of April, 1593, at Montgomery Castle. He was educated at Westminster School, from whence, at the age of fifteen, he was elected a student of Trinity College, Cambridge, where he assiduously devoted himself to study, and, two years after his entrance, was made Bachelor of Arts, and Master of Arts in 1605. In 1619 he was chosen public orator of the University, and took holy orders in 1630, at which time he was presented to the rectory of Bennerton, Wiltshire. It was at this place that he wrote the elegant little treatise called “ The Country Parson,” as the author of which he is best known. He died in February, 1633. After his decease was published, from his MSS., “ The Temple: Sacred Poems and Private Ejaculations.” When it is considered that he did not labour to become eminent as a poet, but merely selected verse, in preference to prose, as the vehicle of devotional ideas, his poems, although belonging to the school of metaphysics, present some striking poetical images, and will bear a comparison with those of Doorne and Cowley.

Walton says—“His aspect was cheerful, and his speech and motion did both declare him a gentleman, for they were all so meek and obliging, that they purchased love and respect from all who knew him."


“My lips they are so cHAPT,” says Sue,

“ I hardly can endure them : “Oh, dear! oh, dear! what shall I do!

“ What shall I take to cure them!"“ Take!" quoth a wag; " why, take more carty

“ And that may do, perhaps ; “ Smack every puppy's face that dare Attempt to smack thy lips : I'll swear

“ That will keep off the chaps." Liverpool.





I know an hour the dearest, best,

That e'er has known those sighs of mine ; It is when daylight steals to rest ;

When heaven borrows smiles of thine. That hour sure bids me, from above,

Believe that all around is love. Oh, then, to mark the setting sun

Fling rays of glory o'er the sea ! It makes me dearly think on one,

It makes me blest to think on thee; For all those fairy visions seem

To smile like thee,--of heav'n a dream. Then gladness dazzles o'er the blue,

The burning brow of western seas; And Vesper sings of love to you,

Were ever moments such as these! When Silence rules the sacred hour,

And Love exerts his magic power ! O then I think I meet those eyes

Of thine, more brightly-beaming far

Sweet day! so cool, so calm, so bright!

The bridal of the earth and sky; The dew shall weep thy fall to-night,

For thou must die. Sweet rose! whose hue, angry and brave,

Bids the rash gazer wipe his eye, Thy root is ever in the grave,

And thou must die. Sweet spring! full of sweet days and roses,

A box where sweets compacted lie, My music shows you have your closes,

And all must die. Only a sweet and virtuous soul,

Like seasoned timber, never gives ; But, though the whole world turns to coal,

Then chiefly lives.

Fashions for April. HOME, OR WALKING DRESS.A peliss-tree straw.coloured taffeta, with one very broad bias fald the border, headed by a narrow rouleau of sati same colour.

The corsage is quite concealed bir broad fichu-collar, turning back, and fastened by of white agale. From the small of the waist, is dress is fastened down by rosettes, placed very gether, of rich ribbon, of the same colour. The are à-la-Marie, with very broad antique English at the wrist, and a broad bracelet next the hand of tsa in gold. A dress-cap, or bonnet, may be worn with costume, formed or black blond and roleaux of tin; the border turned back, and almost entirely cura by a wreath of full-blown roses, placed obliquely on hair.

EVENING DRESS.-A dress of stone-coloured trimmed round the border with three rows of the beau light zibeline fur. The corsage made sligbuy as and edged round the tucker part by a row of the same luable fur as borders the skirt. The sleeves, of the material as the dress, are short, and en ballon, with a fake mancheron over the top, edged with zibeline. To short sleeves are attached long ones, of white crape : are made en gigot, and fastened at the wrist with a bra let of rubies, white agate, and gold : over this is a chain bracelet. The head-dress is a hat

of pink grane Naples; the front of the brim pointed, ex lates, the point turned back, and fastening to the suo: the crown. A superb plumage of several pink ornaments this novel and very becoming bat.


Sweet Peace, where dost thou dwell ? I humbly crave

Let me once know,
I sought thee in a secret cave,

And ask'd, if Peace were there.
A hollow wind did seem to answer, “No!

"Go, seek elsewhere."

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best work of his Creator. It would be quite foreign from jof the crowd, and coming up to her, notwithstanding AT THE LAST ANNIVERSARY OF THE BENEVOLENT SOCIETY OF my purpose, as it would be from yours, to enter into dis- fears of the Lord Baron, kissed that hand which she

cussion on the differences which exist in the condition of not what to do with.

the poor of the sister island and our own; such discussions The father said, “ Now, Sir, to put an end to this i On the bealth of Mr. Cearns, the Secretary, being given, would neither befit the circumstances nor the object of our mery;" and the lover, turning pale for the first time he spoke nearly to the following effect, and we give this meeting ; and I will content myself with the mere expres. up the lady. excellent speech in the hope that it may induce some of that one of the most important

blessings which we can con moves off, slow but secure, and as if encouraging

The spectators rejoice to see the manner in the friends of education who do not at present subscribe fer upon that portion of our country is, to administer the tress. They mount the hill ; they proceed well; be to the charity, to come forward in its support.

blessings of education as diffusely as possible amongst the an instant, before he gets midway, and seems to I beg to thank you, on behalf of my brother officers people; and, though we are doing so in a very limited something; then ascends at a quicker rate; and now and for myself, for the fastering testimonial of your regard measure, by the support of the excellent institution more at the midway point, shifts the lady from one side which we have just received by the last toast, and to assure immediately brought before us, yet we may feel satisfied other. The spectators give a great shout. The 1 you that next to the reward which any humble attempt to that, from that source, we shall secure a portion of good, with an air of indifference, bites the tip of his ga do good in a right spirit, secures to the heart, is, in my and derive a rich harvest of satisfaction to ourselves, and and then casts on them an eye of rebuke. At the mind, the approval of those engaged in the same work, advantage to the objects of our solicitude. I do not envy the lover resumes his way. Slow but not feeble and embarked in similar undertakings. And I should the feelings of any individual wiio can hear of the prostra- step, yet it gets slower. He stops again, and the content myself with this observation, were it not that the tion of the human mind in ignorance, and calmly content they see the lady kiss him on the forehead. The official station which I have held for seven years past in himself by simply deploring the fact, without reaching begin to tremble, but the men say he will be rid connexion with the society whose twenty first anniversary forth the hand of a generous syınpathy in some efforts to He resumes again ; he is half-way between the we are so agreeably met to commemorate, appears to re. remove it. The conquest of reason over prejudice, of and the top; he rushes, he stoops, he staggers : quire from me some remarks, however brief, with refer- knowledge over ignorance, is one of the most glorious tri. does not fall. Another shout from the men, an ence to the charity itself; and if a consciousne-s that Iumphs of which human nature is susceptible, and, if sumes once more ; two-thirds of the remaining have but imperfectly discharged the duties of my office rightly reflected upon, would incluce many who are compa- the way are conquered. They are certain the lad should occasion a feeling of bumility under the circum. ratively unconcerned and indifferent on the subject, to him on the forehead and on the eyes. The wond stances, I hope the deficiency will be ascribed not to the throw their weight into the scale of endeavour to effect so into tears, and the stoutest men look pale. He want of will, but of power. I have to congratulate you, excellent an object. To such, I would venture to express more slowly than ever, but seeming to be more su Mr. Chairman, and the friends of the " Benevolent' So the words of one of the greatest men which this or any halls, but it is only to plant his foot to go on agai ciety and Free School of St. Patrick," on the past suc other age has produced, (Mr. Brougham) and remind them thus he picks his way, planting his foot at eve cesses, the present attitude, and, I will venture to add," that each, by his single exertions, may influence the and then gaining ground' with an effort. The is the future prospects of that institution. Since its formation character of a whole generation, and thus wield a power up her arms, as it to lighten him. See: he is al in 1807, there have been admitted into the schools no less a to be envied even by vulgar ambition, for the extent of the top: he stoops, he struggles, he moves s number than 4340 children, to whom a wholesome, bu. its dominion,—to be cherished by virtue, for the unalloyed taking very little steps, and bringing one foot ere siness-like education has been administered in a greater or blessings it bestows." I have only further to trespass on close to the other. Now-he is all but on the less degree, with profit to themselves and advantage to their the patience of the meeting by proposing a toast in unison, halts again; he is fixed; he staggers. A gro connexions. At present, we number on the journal 250 I venture to assume, with all our feelings, and noi inap- through the multitude. Suddenly, he turns fa boys, and 160 girls, (whose appearance you have this even. propriate to the present occasion.

towards the top ; it is luckily almost a level; hes ing witnessed,) participating in the same advantages, with

but it is forward. Yes: every limb in the m an income, though not bounteous, yet nearly adequate to

makes a movement as if it would assist him. See our economical wants; and we anticipate, for the future,


he is on the top; and down he falls flat with his an increased amount of usefulness, relying confidently that

An enormous shout! He has won. Now be ka ample means will be furnished for the prosecution of our THE MOUNTAIN OF THE TWO LOVERS.

to caress his mistress, and she is caressing bim, iar undertaking, by our generous friends and the public.

of them gets up. If he has fainted, it is vid I would, however, venture to remind you, Mr. Chairman,

(From the Companion.)

it is in her arms. that while something has been accomplished, much yet

The Baron put spurs to his horse, the crowd remains for the exercise of our extended exertions in ihe We forget in what book it was, many years ago, that we him. Half way he is obliged to dismount; te! same cause, and in this town alone. I trust there is not an read the story of a lover who was to win his mistress by the rest of the hill together, the crowd silent individual here who would not willingly extend his labours carrying her to the top of a mountain, and how he did win the Baron ready to burst with shame and fing ten-fold in the sphere of active benevolence, opened to his her, and how they ended their days on the same spot.

They reach the top. The lovers are face to face view in the education of the poor, and thus meliorate their We think the scene was in Switzerland; but the moun ground, the lady clasping bim with both arms, i condition in an important point of view. The number of tain, though enough to tax his stout heart to the utter

on each side. poor Irish resident in Liverpool when this institution was most, must have been among the lowest. Let us fancy it

“ Traitor !" exclaimed the Baron, ** thou hast first formed, was very limited, when compared with its a good lofty hiil, in the summer time. It was, at any this feat before on purpose to deceive me. At their condition is but little improved, and their means of thought it impossible for a young man, so burdened, to was rich enough to speak his mind

: " Sausa instruction (now where the desire to possess it exists) almost scale it. For this reason alone, in scorn, he bade him do might take his rest after such a deed." as scanty as at any previous period. Under such circun- it, and his daughter should be his.

** Part them !" said the Baron. stances, therefore, we are loudly called upon, in the ex- The peasantry assembled in the valley to witness so Several persons went up, not to part them, bet ercise of that philanthropy which wishes well to our kind extraordinary a sight. They measure the mountain with gratulate and keep them together. These per

- to seek to elevate them in the scale of humanity as moral their eyes ; they communed with one another, and shook close; they kneel down; they bend an ear; to and intelligent beings to aim at the destruction of their their heads; but all admired the young man ; and some their faces

upon them. “God forbid they should ignorance by the introduction of light to their minds—at of his fellows, looking at their mistresses

, thought they parted more!" said a venerable man ; -- they se them the means of that improvement, at the same time and sullen, repenting that he had subjected his daughter looked up at the Baron :--"Sir, they are dead." that we secure to ourselves the sweet and unmixed reward even to the show of such a hazard; but he thought it of benevolent accions. For, in this respect, “ more blessed would teach his inferiors a lesson. The young man (the

SCOTCH SHEPHERDS. are they who give, than they who receive." I hold it to son of a small land proprietor, who had some pretensions The shepherds of the southern Highlands de be a proposition, almost indisputable, that superior rank, to wealth, though none to nobility,) stood, respectful form a class unique in Scotland, and unparallée and wealth, and influence, have annexed to them superior looking, but confident, rejoicing in his heart that he range of European society. They are thinly scale duties, on the adınitted principle, that where much is should win his mistress, though at the cost of a noble the country, and pass their days in solitude and see given, much also is required; that it is obligatory upon pain, which he could hardly think of as a pain, consider their cottages are often miles asunder; and, cari those who are thus elevated in the scale of society to ex. ing who it was that he was to carry. If he died for it, inclemency of the weather, they may be debut ercise their influence, and use their means for the purpose he should, at least, have her in his arms, and have looked months, from social intercourse, by the wreathin of benefiting their interiors, by increasing their happiness her in the face. To clasp her person in that manner was that chokes up their pathways, while, even in s and promoting their interests: and, I ain persuaded, that a pleasure which he contemplated with such transport as their time is spent in lonely watchings on the be one of the most powerful means of securing these results, is known only to real lovers; for none others know how their meetings are few, save when, on the morning is to be found in the extension of education. The distri- respect heightens the joy of dispensing with formality, Sabbath, they assemble at the church in the valley, bution of eleemosynary aid for temporary relief, however and how the dispensing with the formality ennobles and sense of religion is tervent and unfeigned; the ti excellent in itself, is comparatively insignificant, when makes grateful the respect.

fathers bled for has been cherished in its purity. compared with the cultivation of the understanding, and the enlargement of the mind. By the latter course, we and dreading. She thought her lover would succeed, but but unsubstantial adorninents of society. They hat

The lady stood by the side of her father, pale, desirous, rites have acquired no gloss er einsel from the el almost inevitably lead man to ponder his condition ; lo only because she thought him in every respect the nobleme of the polish, and none of the arts, derivable from despise sensual enjoyments, for the most part accompanied of his sex, and that nothing was too much for his strength tercourse with the world. Their interests, their pe by the debasement of the intellect, as well as the off and valour. Great fears came over her nevertheless. She and their feelings, are the same; they are like one* vancement in the scale of society; to pant

for the bless- all. She felt the bitterness of being herself the burden to einotion, and with whom every feeling is mutual ings to which, by nature and reason, he is entitled ; him and the task ; and dared neither to look at her father are unmoved by the storms of mankind around then struggle for his liberties, whether social or political, civil (which nevertheless she beheld not) and now on her hand country; they have but one king to serve, and the or religious ; to cast off every unworthy thraldom of body and her fingers" ends, which she doubled up towards her rolling of the village bell unites all in the services tør, as a moral and intelligent being, the noblest, last, and I used. Once of twice a daughter or a mother slipped out cation, which have glanced through these calm retai

taught them merely to investigate the manners of To G. Scholefield, of Leeds, mechanic, for improve at least against the direction of its course. It is obvious remote districts, not to change their own. Their ments in, or additions to, looms for weaving woollen, that there will now be no more air passing between the for information is proportionate to the opportunity linen, &c. - 13th of March.-6 months.

discs, than is received from the quill. The question, I their habits afford them of gratifying it; and their To N. Gough, of Salford, Manchester, for an improved al shrewdness has directed their laste to the most method of propelling carriages or vessels by steam, &c.— therefore, is, can the supply from the quill occupy all the and useful channels. It is seldom that you can er- 20th of March.-6 months.

interval betwixt them, and be diffused over this area, er a shepherd upon the hills, that he is not busily To S Clegg, of Chapel-walks, Liverpool, for improve without becoming rarefied? It certainly cannot. If we jied with a book, whilst his plaid, thrown across his ments in steam-engines, and steam-boilers and generators. blow more strongly, nothing is gained; because it will still helters, from the beams of the sun, the page over -20th of March. 6 months. h bebas lain down to ponder; and every idea he is

escape sideways, as fast as it enters, by an increased velocity. Ing takes a tinge from the sublimity or the beauty

But though the atmospheric air cannot enter directly scenery by which he is surrounded. From this


against this rarefied stream, (which is a contradiction imand uninterrupted stream of knowledge, they acquire

plying a current against a current,) it could, however, quaintance with literature and the world, unparal


find its way to restore the loss of density, if admission were in any equally.humble class of any country in le, and excelled by few in the higher walks of life.

given sideways, or, in other words, at a right angle to its they retail the opinions of others, it is with an ac

(Continued from our former papers.)

direction; and if admission be prevented by an air-tight acquired by study and research ; and, when they

medium, like the cards, it will press upon them, till the pe their own, it is with a clearness (ihe result of


space between be narrowed, and the passage for the out. ing thought) and a firmness that implies, while SIR, I will now proceed to give you the entire detail ward stream be nearly equal, or proportioned to the supmands, conviction; wbilst their language, their of my investigation of the experiment with the tube and plying tube, always making allowance for the separating F. and their ideas, possess a pathos and a poetry un circular cards. Seeing that the experiment has caused an tendency of the upward blast. If a pin-hole be made in to the natives of less lofty or more frequented dis. extraordinary sensation, partly from its effect appearing so the sides of either of the discs, the air will flow in wards to Awhilst rambling through the south of Scotland, I contradictory to other pneumatic results, and partly from restore the attenuated air between them; but if this supthe cottage of one of these men, William Hogg, the circumstance of its having emanated from so respect-ply be too limited, the cards will still adhere, it being into the Eitrick Shepherd. It is situated in a little able a quarter as the Royal Institution of London, I, in sufficient to restore the rarefied stream to atmospheric at the base of Peovelloch, and though snug enough, common with may others, have been stimulated to extra- density. external evidence of luxury beyond the rank of its tor. He was out amongst the hills when I came to ordinary exertion, in order to find the hidden cause of so

A closer approach of the discs will, however, depend on 1, but shortly after returned a low-built, honest- singular an effect. Having likewise been honoured with the velocity with which the current is urged. So long as nan, of fifty or sixty years old, with a Scots bon. a communication from the Secretary of the Royal Society, the outlet between them is greater than the inlet by the ordinary dress, and neither shoes nor stockings, as I have been induced to farther exertion, to complete, if rube, the effect will increase with the velocity, till the $$ was wet. I was shown into, I believe, the only ent, besides the kitchen, which the house contained, possible, my humble attempts at a satisfactory and ob- cards are brought so close that the outlet is reduced, or y no little surprised to find its walls covered to the viously correct solution; in which attempts I have en- nearly reduced, to the dimension of the supplying tube, ling with bokshelves, loaded with standard and deavoured to lay aside all partiality for former theories, by always making allowance for the force of the vertical productions, and a complete set of the ". Encyclo- putting them to the severest tests my limited apparatus blast. This effect seems to arise from the expanding ritannica.” The value of his library could not be could produce, and admitting no conclusions, without ob- power of the rarefied current outwards, being more reand it was a curious circumstance to see the desire taining experimental proof of their accuracy.

strained by a rapid motion, and thus prevented from fledge so strong as to induce a man, engaged in an

In one of my former letters to you I described the me-exerting itself sideways in its passage. on the most pastoral, but the least productive, to thod I took to establish, beyond the possibility of error, The following remark may still farther show the nature one half of his toil-bought earnings in the purchase what I have always affirmed, namely, that the current de of this rarefaction. If cards be used of two inches dia

Nor were they merely for show: their magnetic Alected outwards between the cards, did not possess re- meter, and the supply of air between be conveyed through and his conversation afforded a fine illustration of sistance equal to the atmospheric pressure. By proving a quill barrel, it follows that a space of equal area witha Original, without eccentricity, and erudite, this

, a step towards the solution of the experiment was the quill will be sufficient to convey this supply outwards Kdogmatism or pedantry, he seemed merely to certainly gained. The next and the last was to ascertain becween the cards. If, however, a space so great as the not to boast of, his acquirements. Even his boldest in what particular quality this deflected a parallel stream whole area of the cards be made the outlet, a very close ing were cloaked in modesty, and, if any thing, of air different from atmospheric; and why it became dis- approximation must take place before the space between ed by the diffidence with which they were adduced.

possessed of so much of its pressure or resistance (which these discs be reduced to bear a proportion to the area of

are here synonymous) as to allow the upper disc, not the supplying tube.
merely to remain in its position over the quill, but to be

I may here suggest an experiment to those curious in actually pressed downward on its current, while a blast the inquiry, by which a rarefaction is obtained, precisely 1. Naim, of Dane-street

, Edinburgh, for his im. was directly urged against it from the quill. Till after the same in principle as that of the tube and discs. Mako method of propelling vessels through, or on the several experiments

, I was led to believe, that the power a hollow cylinder, or druin, of writing paper, say six or y the aid of steam, or other mechanical force of resistance in this deflected current was destroyed by the eight inches long and iwo in diameter. The ends may

5th of February, 1828.—6 months allowed to velocity alone. From other trials, however, it appeared be closed with Bristol paper. Through holes cut in the silicah, of Ware, Hertfordshire, for his improved that mere motion, though in a direction parallel to the ends, a reed, or pipe, of stiff paper, of, perhaps, threebuilding.-21st of February.-2 months. surfaces of the discs, could not produce the effect exhibited fourths of an inch diameter, is inserted, and passed through Dickinson, of Bucklant-mill, near Dover, for his by the experiment, which led me to assign some other un- the cylinder, a small hole having been previously cut in ments in making paper by machinery.--21st of known quality to the parallel current. In my last letter, the side of the reed or pipe. Into one end of this pipe bgelo Benedetto Ventura, of Cirencester-place, it will be found that I there suggested the probability of insert a quill barrel, which, to produce a rarefaction, must square, for his improvements on the harp, lute, some change in this current ; and though I was not then be always smaller than the pipe. Blow strongly through nish guitar.–21st of February, 6 months. prepared to bazard a confident opinion whether this change, the quill

, which will cause first a rarefaction in the pipe, Or way, of Walsall, for an expedient for stopping or difference to common air, was by condensation or rare- the passage for the escape of air, through the pipes, being ten running away.--21st of February.-- 2 months. faction, I was yet rather more inclined to suppose that the

larger than that of the quill. To supply the loss of air method and machinery for bleaching and finishing air in its passage outwards was confined by the velocity, here, a supply will be drawn from the drum through the cotton yarn and goods._21st of February.-6 mo. or partially condensed. By subsequent experiments I

hole cut in the pipe, and, as the air is carried off, ito Brunion, of Leadenhall-street, for improvements find that the contrary takes place, and that rarefaction is lexible sides will be pressed together by the atmospheris zces for the calcination, sublimation, or evaporation the chief cause of the singular result with the quill and

air outside. metals, &c.--21st of February.—2 months. Levers, of Nottingham, for improvements in the paper discs. The rarefaction is not, however, caused by

It may be observed, that, in the card and tube experi cture of bobbin-net-lace.---3rd of March... 4 months. temperature, but from what at first will seem a paradox,

ment, the discs are most liable to be separated at the 1. Powdall, of Manchester, for improvements in namely, from too scanty a supply of air from the quill.

One of your correspondeuts has brought forward a beau healds for weaving.-6th of March. - 4 months. A short explanation will show that a considerable rare.

tiful and simple experiment to show the effect of atmospheric H. Brook, of Huddersfield, for improvements in faction generally exists between the cards

in making the pressure

, with a wine glass and paper disc; but it is misap truction and setting

of ovens or retortso for fear experiment. To go over it once more : First, the cards plied when used to illustrate that of the tube and discs. Your eut. w. Roger, of Norfolk-street, Strand, for im. are laid together, with a small space between, (concave correspondent seems to consider, if I understand his meanents on anchors.--- 13th of March.-6 months. cards are recommended,) and the breath is blown through ing, that a vacuum, or the effect of one, exists between the - G. Jones, of Brewer-street, Golden-square, for a the tube against the upper disc. The air between them is cards; and concludes, that a hole admitting air through the

communicated from abroad, of ornamenting china suddenly carried outwards by the stream diverging all would certainly do with the wine glass. In our experiment, anslucid, or opaque china.--13th of March. 2 round from the centre. This stream, which has power to the separation will not take place til the supply by the aper:

expel the air, bas likewise power to prevent its admission, ture is adequate to the extent of rarefaction.

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