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TO THE EDITOR.

PHILARITHY

and show himself: no answer being given, Mr. Schure- It is an odious thing that the teachers of anatomy should man sent his dog into the pit, and in the twinkling of an be brought into contact with such men: that they should

Correspondence. eye a tall stout fellow made his appearance, and took to be obliged to employ them, and that they should even be his heels across the field. The night being dark, he might in their power; which they are to such a degree, that they

CALCULATION OF INTEREST. have effected his escape had it not been for the sagacity and are obliged to bear with the wantonness of their tyranny courage of the dog, which pursued him for some distance; and insult. All the clamour against these men, all the but at last came up with him, and seized and held him punishment inflicted on them, only operate to raise the

SIR,-As it frequently happens to commercial fast until the arrival of Mr. Schureman and the watchmen, premium on the repitition of their offence. This premium require to know the interest upon a sum of money, who secured him. The jury convicted the prisoner, and the teachers of anatomy are obliged to pay, which these there is not an interest table at hand, it is desirable to de the court sentenced him to six months' imprisonment in men perfectly understand, who do not at all dislike the ver the most easy and expeditious methods of compatia the Penitentiary. The young gentlemen attending the opposition which is made to their vocation. It gives them If you think any of the following methods worthy dla Medical School of this city will take warning by this no unreasonable pretext for exorbitancy in their demands. in your amusing and useful publication, they areqa man's fate. They may rest assured, that the keeper of In general they are

men of infamous character ; some of your service; and if you, or any of your aritbmetid Potter's Field will do his duty, and public justice will be them are thieves, others are the companions and abettors respondents, are acquainted with preferable

methods executed on any man, whatever may be his condition in of thieves. Almost all of them are extremely destitute. publication of them, at your convenience, will mucha life, who is found

violating the law, and the decency of When apprehended for the offence in question, the teachers one of your numerous readers. Christian burial!" The same paper gives the following of anatomy are obliged to pay the expenses of the trial, account of a transaction, which took place at Hartford, in and to support their families while they are in prison ;

At the rate of five per cent, in small sums, such Connecticut, May 17. Yesterday morning, iwo ladies whence the idea of immunity is associated, in these men's in which the number of pounds and the number were taking a walk in the South Burying

ground, when minds, with the violation of the law; and when they do do not, unitedly, consist of more than four figurs they discovered a tape-string, and a piece of cloth, which, happen to incur its penalties, they practically find that haps this may be as easy and expeditious a methode upon examination, was found to be the piece that was laced they and their families are provided for, and this provision Multiply the given number of pounds by the sun upon Miss Jane Benton's face, who came to her death by comes to them in the

shape of a reward for the commis- days, (this is a necessary operation in every method drowning, and was buried a few days since. The ladiession of their offence. The operation of such a system on the product by three, and afterwards (by placing then went to the grave, and found that it had been dis the minds of the individuals themselves is exceedingly mal point before the last figure in the

quotieri) turbed-that she was taken out of her coffin, and a rope pernicious, and is not a little dangerous to the community. the result

will be the answer in pence, from which, around her neck. The circumstance bas produced great Moreover, by the method of exhumation the supply ever, we must deduct one in seventy-three; that is, excitement in the public mind; and every one is on the after all is scaniy; it is never adequate to the wants of the every amount of 6s. 1d. we must deduct the id. alert to discover the perpetrators of this unfeeling, brutal schools ; it is of necessity precarious, and it sometimes For example :-73 days' interest on £60. act. The citizens turned out in a body yesterday, and in- fails altogether for several months. But it is of the ut

73 terred the corpse again." most importance that it should be abundant, regular, and

60 These scenes are highly disgraceful, and disgraceful to cheap. The number of young men who come annually all, though not alike to all parties. We do not blame the to London for the purpose of studying medicine and sur.

3)4380 Americans for abolishing the practice of exhumation ; but gery may be about a thousand. Their expenses are, ne

146.0 pence, which i we blame them for stopping there. We maintain, that it cessarily, very considerable, while in town: they have 6s. ld. therefore the deduction of 2d. will read is both absurd and criminal, to make this practice felony, already paid a large sum for their apprenticeship in the amount correct. It will be seen that this mode of without providing in some other method for the cultiva-countrythe circnmstances of country practitioners, in lating is founded on the assumption that the years tion of anatomy.

general, can but ill afford protracted expenses for their only 360 days, which is 1-73d part less than the true In Great Britain, the law against the practice of exhu. sons in London ; few of them stay a month longer than ber. The quotient being, in consequence

, too late mation is not allowed to slumber. There may be other cases the time prescribed by the College of Surgeons. But the its seventy-third part, must be reduced acording which have not come to our knowledge; but we have ascer- short period they spend in London is the only time they the above-mentioned deduction. tained that there have been 14 convictions for it in England have for acquiring the knowledge of their profession. If If the product of the days and pounds consis alone, during the last year. The punishments inflicted they misspend these precious hours, or if the means of em- than four figures, divide, successively, by 8 anilya have been imprisonment for various periods, with fines of ploying them properly be denied them, they must, neces- lastly, by 100, by placing the decimal point bán different sums. The fines in general are heavy, consider sarily, remain ignorant for life. After they leave London cond figure (to the left) of the integer. ing the poverty of the offenders. Several persons are, at they have no means of dissecting. We have seen that it is For example :-30 days' interest on £438 this moment, suffering these penalties; among others, by dissecting alone that they can make themselves acthere is now in the gaol of St. Alban's, a man who was quainted even with the principles of their art; that withsentenced for this offence to two years' imprisonment and out it they cannot so much as avail themselves of the

8)13140 a fine of £20. The period of his confinement has expired opportunities of improvement, which experience itself may

9)1642.5 some time; but he still remains in prison, on account of offer, nor, without the highest temerity, perform a single

1.82.5 his inability to pay the fine. Since the passing of the operation. We have seen that occasions suddenly occur, from this amount (£1 168. 6d.) we must deduct de new Vagrant Act, it has been the common practice to which require the prompt performance of important and because it contains 6s. id. six times. commit these offenders to hard labour for various periods. difficult operations; we have seen that unless such opera- To calculate readily, by these methods, it is not Very lately, two men, convicted of this offence, were sent tions are performed immediately, and with the utmost to be familiar with the valuation of decimals of sea to the tread-mill

, in Coldbach-fields ; one of whom died skill, life is inevitably lost. In many such cases there is inspection. With the first figures (the tenths) then in one month after his

commitment. It is an error to sup- no time to send for other assistance. If a country prac- be no difficulty, as we have only to double the figure pose that these punishments operate to prevent exhuma. titioner (and most of these young men go to the country) it gives the number of shillings; and the two set tion ; their only effect is to raise the price of subjects; a be not himself capable of doing what is proper to be done, converted into farthings, by the deduction of 1 ja little reflection will show that they can have no other ope the death of the patient is certain. We put it to the reader fact, much smaller numbers than 25 frequentir ration. At present exhumation is the only method by to imagine what the feelings of an ingenuous young

man quire a deduction of one: but this necessity depends which subjects for dissection can be procured; but sub- must be, who is aware of what he ought to do, but who is the figures which follow; and, if we deduct sta jects for this purpose must be procured : and be the diffi- conscious that his knowledge is not sufficient to authorize requisite, it is only an inaccuracy of a farthing, culties what they may, will be procured : diseases will oc- him to attempt to perform it, and who sees his patient die in charging interest, is an error on the safe side cur, operations must be performed, medical men must be before him, when he knows that he might be saved, and The following method is also a pretty easy educated, anatomy must be studied, dissections must go that it would have been in his own power to save him, very nearly correct. After the first operation, on. Unless some other means for affording a supply be had he been properly educated. We put it to the reader plication of the pounds by the days.) divide the adopted, whatever be the law or the popular feeling to conceive what his own sensations would be, were an by 8. Divide this quotient by 9; then add the neither magistrates, nor judges, por juries, will

, or can, ignorant surgeon, with a rashness more fatal than the cri- tients and the product together. Lastly, divide by put an entire stop to the practice. It is one which, from minal modesty of the former, to undertake an important by placing the decimal point before the fourth the absolute necessity of the case, must be allowed. What operation. Suppose it were a tumour, which turned out to the left) of the integer. The remainder is so ed is the consequence ? So long as the practice of exhuma. be an aneurism ; suppose it were a hernia, in operating on correct amount, that it will be not quite a peady to tion continues, a race of men must be trained up to vio- which the epigastric artery were divided, or the intestine in £10. late the law. These men must go out in company for the itself wounded; suppose it were his mother, his wife, his For example:- 24 days', on £3122 purpose of nightly plunder, and plunder of the most sister, his child, whom he thus saw perish before his eyes, odious kind, tending in a peculiar and most alarming what would the reader then think of the prejudice which measure to brutify the mind, and to eradicate every feel. withholds from the surgeon that information without

3)74928 ing and sentiment worthy of a man. This employment which the practice of his profession is murder ? becomes a school in which men are trained for the com. mission of the most daring and inhuman crimes. Its ope. ration is similar to, but much worse than, the nightly band. ing to violate the game laws, because there is something in the violation of the grave, which tends still more to

Tide Table.

If, instead of this process, we had divided, after ch

operation, by 7300, (the only perfectly accuraten degrade the character and to harden the heart. This of.

Days. Jorn. Even. Height.

the answer would have differed only in the third fisi fence is connived at; nay, it is rewarded; these men are

the decimal, and the amount have been only lid. La absolutely paid to violate the law; and paid by men of

This process is founded on this principle. Th reputation and influence in society. The transition is but Wednesday 246

cessive divisions, by 3 and 9, with the subsequent adil too easy to the commission of other offences in the hope Thursday 3 0 39 0 58 10 of similar connivance, if not of similar reward. Friday. I 16 i 35 18 2 Good Friday. St. Ambrose. nearly, to dividing it by 7297, which is within a tri Saturday.. 5 1 58 2 21 17 2

24

9)24976

2775

(To be concluded in our next.)

10.2679 = 1054

Festivals, &c.

h. m.h.m. ft. in. 1/11 47

the proper divisor 7800. Sunday. 6 2 44 3 10 15 9 Easter Day. • Since the above was written, we have learned that this Monday

4 Easter Monday.

A still more accurate process, and perhaps & more man has been recently liberated, and his fine remitted. Tuesday 4 47 6 29 13 6 Easter Tuesday.

Tone, is the following:-After the first operation dinde

18 5 4 0 21 18 10

7 3 394 11 14

15

300

10

300

300

300

TO THE EDITOR.

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300

100

14.4

137

12

het by 3. Divide it again by 3, placing the quotient division is very nearly equivalent to dividing by 9125; it of the same, it may appear equally or more curious to gure farther to the right. Divide in the same man- makes the quotient too large by merely its 289th part. observe the same effect, when made in water, with water third time, placing the quotient one figure in ad- We must, therefore, deduct from it one part in 289 ; that

then add up the whole, that is to say, the three is to say, from every sum of £1 4s. 1d. we must deduct forced through the tube. For this purpose, the instru. nts, with the dividend. Place the decimal point the id.

ment may be made of light tin, with the tube of B turned the termination of the integers, and finally divide by For example:-73 days' interest on £1500.

at right angles: we may then, by using a tube somewhat Thus, to resume the foregoing example, after

73

in the form of the letter J, make the experiment with List operation proceed in this manner :

water instead of air. We have only to take the long end 3)74928

of this additional tube, and tie it into the neck of a blad. 24976

109500 2497.6

der filled with water; and the smaller end may be joined

10950.0 249.76

to B, by wrapping a small piece of paper round it, and £. s. d.

12.0450.0= £12 Os. 1084. keep the juncture water-tight. 10.2651.36 = 10 5 34

This is ten times £1 4s. id., and, therefore, we may de- We shall find, on immersing this apparatus in a vessel is only one farthing above the correct amount. * process is founded upon this principle. The first

duct the excess above £12, which will be found to be the of water, and raising the bladder to increase the altitude correct amount.

of the column of fluid, that no light body, having a flat 100 it is of the dividend, which is The second,

The following method will also be found a pretty easy surface, and which will sink in the water, can remain on

one, and so nearly accurate, that, in the subjoined ex. B, so long as water flows from the bladder; but that i tenth part of the first, (in consequence of its posi- ample, the amount is only one farthing below the exact A will remain unmoved, when inverted, even though

truth. First decimate the principal: then divide by 24, pressure be applied to the bladder for giving rapidity of The third, being a tenth part of the second, and subtract, setting down the remainder one figure motion to the jet between A and B.—I am, Sir, yours, 111 further to the right. Add this remainder to the principal, very respectfully,

D. The whole together are - and adding the en

then multiply by the number of the days, and, lastly, di- Liverpool, March 20, 1828. tidend itself, which, of course, is, - the whole vide by 10,000.

411 300 137 For example:-12 days' interest, at 4 per cent., on t of the fractional number is, which is £3456.

Sin,-Permit me to state to you what appears to me to

24)345.6 then this has been divided by 10000 it becomes

be the reason why the upper card cannot be blown off, though a half-crown, so much heavier, can. (The

lighter the cover, the more difficult will be the task to

331.2 1

3787.2

blow it off.] By experiment, I think it may be seen, that correct divisor - is = which is very

it is the manner in which the air escapes that causes the 7300 1000100

£. s. d. card to be fixed the same value as the other, exceeding it only in

When the upper card is struck by a

£4,5446.4 = 4 10 104 - portion of 10001 to 10,000.

current of air passing through a tube, the cará so struck the time is not given in days, but in calendar

The principle of the calculation is this:-The operations would fly off, but is immediately checked by the air rethe mode of calculating the interest is very well on the principal (exclusively of the multiplication of it by bounding against the lower card, and, with a diminished eod very easy-the interest of a pound being a the number of the days) are equivalent to multiplying it force, sliding out into the atmospheric air, in such a curling in the year, and of course a penny for every morth. by 263, and then dividing by 2400000, whereas dividing upward direction at the edge, as to render it, in such a writing the above, I have found a method superior by 9125 (in the regular and perfectly accurate process) is situation, impossible for the card to quit. le preceding ones. After the first operation, mulE product by 13.7, then divide by 100,000. For equivalent to multiplying by 263 and dividing by 2399875

The air ascends from the edges in an oblique direction, 2,73 days on £1000.

only; which divisor is less than the other in the propor forming at once a complete barrier against the feeble pres1000

tion of 19191 to 19200. The amount resulting will, sure of a card, or any other light substance, but not suffi73 therefore, be too small in that proportion.

cient to resist the weight of a half-crown, or such a dense ANOTHER METHOD. 73000

or flat body. The half-crown lying Aat upon the card, After multiplying the pounds by the days, divide the excludes much of the atmospheric air from between, but 13.7

product by 12. Divide this quotient by 7, then add alto- becomes sensibly lifted by a strong blast sent up the tube ;

gether, and divide by 10,000. The amount is a trifle be- and being raised, (yet remaining flat,) prevents the force 949000 low the truth, namely, a farthing in £1 18s.

of the stream from being so much diminished by its not so 10.00100.0 = £10, For example :--1430 for 12 days.

closely rebounding as when struck against a concave sur.

1450 et amount; for the figure of 1 in the third place of

face; the half-crown, not receiving a check adequate to its

12 is, is below the value of a farthing, on account of

weight by the oblique and upward motion of the air, illness of the figures which follow it. To make it

12)17400

when issuing out at the edge, must necessarily slide off be of a farthing, the figures following it should

7)1450

with the course of the current, through its own gravity. en 0+166, &c.; and, if the amount of the interest

207. o double, the decimal figure, 2. would not, in that

By my first experiment I found, that, upon blowing at ave indicated more than one farthing, because two

the caru when placed in a pretty strong current of common is require to be followed by higher figures, viz. by The exact amount of the interest is £1 18s. 14d.

1.9057 = £1 189. 1fd.

atmospheric air, and the cards open on the opposite side 6. It appears, therefore, that this mode of calcu

to the stream, it was easily blown off, owing to the exterperfectly accurate in any amount of interest under ad, in the case of £20, is only one farthing too It will be found that, after the multiplication of the nal and internal air both taking the same direction. My

pounds and days, the operations are equivalent to multi- next wish was to ascertain what direction the air really did calculation of interest at the rate of 4 per cent is plying by 92 and dividing by 240000. Now the fraction take when issuing out at the sides ; and holding a lighted

candle, with the top of the flame level with the erlge of the pablesome than at that of 5; because, in the regu.

92 perfectly accurate method of doing it, it requires

is of less value than by the 1825th part of the card, and at some little distance, I found that the top of

9125 of a much larger divisor, viz. 9125, instead of 240000

the flame could not be moved; but when held a little The interest in one year is the twenty-fifth part of latter ; and as 1825 farthings are £1 18s. very nearly, the higher than the edge of the card, it was forcibly struek ; :number of pounds. Let p stand for the pounds, amount found by this mode of calculation will be too small proving that the air did not fly off horizontally, but had br the given number of days. Then, by the rule only in the proportion above mentioned.

an oblique and perpendicular direction.
р
pd

I next wished for a fluid which might be sent through so , as 365 is to — so is d to that is, to - the

as to be seen ; and tobacco smoke being easily procured, I 25 365 X 25 9125 SINGULAR EXPERIMENT.

had a stream sent up, which, when gently forced, came of the interest for the given number of days.

out at the edge, ascending perpendicularly. This experi. roid the employment of such a troublesome divii method usually adopted is, to take the interest

ment, by sending the smoke through with greater force, SIR,-At the time I last did myself the honour to still amounts to the same ; for although a part of it will 5 per cent., and then to deduct from it the fifth

address you, the possibility of completely varying the Ay off horizontally for a small space, yet does it readily t may be managed much more easily than by this experiment with the cards occurred to me, which, in the ascend, still answering by the curling upward motions , (and even with more ease than the calculation at communication alluded to, were called A and B. Since of the air, as a sufficient barrier against the edge of the int.) in this manner :-After the first operation, then, I have had irrefragable evidence of it, from actual card, to prevent it slipping off. Observing the card freultiplication of the pounds by the days) add to the experiment, and, therefore, I hope that a brief statement quently to slip on one side, and hang over, I now wished the decimal point before the fourth figure (to the will not prove uninteresting.

to know what effect this would have upon the smoke, but i the integers. The effect of this addition and To such as have tried the experiment in air, by a stream found that not a particle of it could be seen to pass between

511000

RATIONALE OF THE PROCESS.

1

pd

TO THE EDITOR.

stances.

TO THE EDITOR.

ANECDOTE OF MR. BROUGHAM.

18

222222222

the cards where the upper one hung over; still the card Since we wrote the preceding paragraph, the follow- A bull, rather wild from driving, rushed into a g could not be blown off, owing to the upward curling mo. ing has appeared in the Liverpool Courier of Wednesday shop, upsetting all that opposed his ingress. A ladil last :

neighbourhood hearing the noise, ran out to ascertain tion of the air passing out at the opposite side, and not

“ That the sea has made great encroachments on the was the matter. On his return, his master, who was being able to throw off the atmospheric pressure acting west coast of Lancashire is apparent from many circum- domo of a conventicle, said, “Well, what was i upon the disc of the upper card; which, had it been of At Formby, the inhabitants have evidently been reed shaken with the wind, I suppose.” “009, some metallic substance, like a half-crown, and placed in driven more into the interior; partly, perhaps, by the replied the boy, " it was no reedit was a bullrudi such a situation, would, by its own weight, slip off.

approach of the sea, and partly by ibe deluge of loose
sand by which their lands have been inundated. The

A Drunkard's chance of getting to Heaven.-ADE I am at present of opinion that a union of three causes cemetery, which you noticed in your last paper, is situated tric preacher in the Methodist Chapel, Gateshead

, . acts upon a light surface like a card, to prevent it from in the midst of a sandy desert, considerably to the west- castle, in his address to his congregation, lately obse being blown off; which are, atmospheric pressure, the ward of any inhabitants

. It still bears the name of the that there was as much chance for a drunken med Tebounding of the air sent up the tube, and the manner

Old Church,” although that edifice was taken down inherit the kingdom of heaven, as there was for sy in which that air makes its escape at the edge.

about eighty years ago, and the materials used in the climb up an apple-tree and sing like a nightingale." construction of the prcsent church, erected in a more

SINGULAR PROPERTY OF FIGURES. March 20, 1828.

J. S.

eligible situation. It cannot be imagined that the dis- Some interesting articles, which have appeared on trict surrounding the Old Church was not inhabited at subject in the late numbers of the Kaleidoscope the time it was originally built. In many of the intervals brought the following problem to our recollectica

between the surrounding sand-hills, the operations of the a multiplicand be formed of the digits in their Sir,—Encouraged by the remarks you have been plough may still be distinctly traced, and on every side order, omitting the 8, a multiplier may be found kind enough to make in favour of the solution of the exthere are evident signs of former cultivation.”

which will give a product, each figure of which

the same. Thus, if 12345679 be given, and it be periment which at present occupies so much of the public

to find a multiplier which shall give the product attention, I have attempted other experiments, all of which

that multiplier will be 18; if in 3. the multiplier tend to confirm the theory I have brought forward, namely,

27; if all in 4, it will be 36,-and so forth.

At the recent Assizes at Lancaster, Mr. Brougham was that a current of air passing between two surfaces has its for the defendants in a Marine Insurance cause; Mr.

12345679 12345679 12345679 principle of universal pressure diminished according as it Alderson was for the plaintiffs; and the fact of the sea

27 has its velocity increased. I shall feel obliged by your worthiness, or otherwise, of the vessel, on account of the

98765432 86419753 74074074 giving insertion to this letter in the Kaleidoscope, as it state of the crew, was the only point in dispute; for the

12345679 24691358 37037037 points out experiments which were omitted in those which policy, the interest of the parties, and the sailing within have already appeared in that interesting miscellany, and vessel was a notorious event, but Mr. Brougham would the warranty, were all admitted. The actual loss of the

333333333 tends to confirm more strongly the truth of the solution not admit it, expecting that the witness who would be reo which we do not attempt to explain) is this :

The rule by which the multiplier is discovered I have advanced. I have tried the experiment with a quired to prove it would give some testimony, as to the the last figure (the 9) of the multiplicand by the final half-crown, but confess that I am unable to blow it up- crew which was favourable to the Insurance Company, which you wish the product to be composed, en wards. It is more liable to slip off sideways, from the he, therefore, required that the plaintiffs should prove number will be the required multiplier. Thus, smoothness of its surface, than a card. I have been in the loss and all the circumstances of the voyage tending is required to have the product composed of 2,

to account for it. The latter words must have escaped multiplied by 9 gives 18, the multiplier; 8193 clined to believe that you are hoaxing us theorists, who Mr. Alderson's notice; as, early in the trial, he more multiplier to give the product in 3,-&c. are blowing our heads giddy with experiments; if not, I than once complained of the refusal to admit the loss, shall offer the following as a reason. The half-crown, by ascribing that refusal to the desire of Mr. Brougham to its superior weight, will sometimes lie so flat to the card cross-examine the seaman whom he should be compelled To Correspondents.

to call to prove it. When the witness was in the box, and quill top, that the wind will suffer a considerable com- Mr. Alderson was about to limit his inquiry to the actual Good FRIDAY.—The Liverpool Mercury will be pression under it, before it can be displaced ; and the loss; but Mr. Brougham required information on all the Friday next, at an earlier hour than usual, in sudden expansion of the air, after it has gained an outlet, circumstances of the voyage, the state of the crew being avoid all interference with the Church seriet may throw the half-crown upwards with a sudden impulse his ground of defence. Mr. Alderson said this was unfair; friends are requested to favour us with their which the deflected current has not power to restrain.

and this repetition of complaint roused Mr. Brougham advertisements for that day's publication as early

into a burst of passion such as we have rarely witnessed week as possible; and those subscribers who T Though I consider the problem solved, by pointing out in real life. It was sudden, impetuous, and astounding,

habit of calling for their papers at the othee, woul the effect of the parallel current, it may, nevertheless, be like one of Kean's furious efforts in Sir Giles Overreach. us by sending earlier than usual. worth while to examine, by experiments properly applied, He rose from his seat, and seemed elevated above his the Mercury will be on sale all the day, as twaal what change the air undergoes when it is thus put in mo

Arnold's, New's Agent, Postoffice-place. usual stature; his right hand was extended upwards, as tion; whether it be rarefied or condensed by its velocity. far as he could raise it, and he suddenly struck it down Removal of the Office of the KALEIDOSCOPE — We are

upon the table with a force which would have split a board moment in the very act of removing to our new As there are a thousand roads to error, and but one 10 of ordinary materials. In a voice which filled every cor. Lord-street; and those who know the ineon reniese truth, I will not hazard a confident opinion till I can bear ner of the court, and rivetted the attention of the asto. plague of this kind of operation will readily exeu it out by experiments. However, I do not consider it pos- nished crowd, he exclaimed, “And all the circumstances inaccuracies or apparent slights which may be there sible for the air to become rarefied when blown outwards, of the voyage; these, my Lord, were my words at the the bustle and confusion in which we are neces though this takes place when drawn inwards, thereby tend- of insinuation which has been played upon me by my outset, and I will no longer bear silently the running fire

In all probability our next number of

Lord-street. ing to produce a partial vacuum. I should also suppose Learned friend. I resent his repeated accusation of un. PHILOSOPHICAL EXPERIMENT.–Our correspondent 4 11 that the air, to become rarefied or attenuated while passing fairness. I will not submit to it.” Mr. Alderson assured find one of his letters in our present publication through the tube, must escape faster than it enters. On

his Lordship, that in his observations he did not, of course, are two others in our possession; but we must the whole, I should be more inclined to suppose that a he was instructed, and by whom his case was got up. Mr. Jus. intend to accuse his Learned Friend. but the parties by whom them, on account of their requiring engravingston

We shall inclose them in a packet, in orice partial condensation takes place, or, that the air will oc- tice Bayley said he was sorry to see so much warmth, for correspondent may, if he think proper, sendk cupy rather less space in its rapid passage through the pipe, which, he thought, there was no occasion. “ But I will de- order to revise or remodel them for us, so as than it would do at rest ; preventing, however, the ad fend myself, my Lord,” exclaimed Mr. Brougham, in a with the necessity of diagrams--the engravide mission of atmospheric air by its agitating impulse. This loud and unsubdued tone. The matter here dropped, but it is too expensive upon such an occasion. will appear more probable, if we consider that the expand left apainful impression on the auditory,-a mingled feeling The Traveller, No. 6.—The author of these inden

of regret and astonishment; regret that such a man as Mr. and original papers will find a communication dir ing property is destroyed by the velocity of the stream.

Brougham should have been roused to so violent a degree him at the usual place. We take this opportund! Invited to the inquiry of this subject 80 frankly, I have, of anger by a cause comparatively trifling; and astonish. ing the attention of our readers to the favours de perhaps, trespassed on your patience, for which I beg your voice, my which ist anger had been expressed. This The ELDER POETS–Our continuation of this series excuse; and, meantime, take leave of the subject.

feeling had not subsided, when, at a later period of laid aside this week, in order to afford spuce for the sa I am, respectfully, your most obedient servant, the day, Mr. Brougham took away all its painfulness narrative of Christopher Hodgson. 89, Oldhall-street, March 19, 1828.

by a happy turn. He was examining a witness as to CALCULATion of Interest.—The original article o tz words spoken, or something done, which led the Learned ject, promised some weeks ago, is to be found in apa

Gentleman to express a suspicion to the witness that the ANCIENT BURYING GROUND, NEAR FORMBY,- person spoken of had been in a passion. The witness said Conway, the Actor.We have postponed until fest We last week stated, on the authority of the Courier, he was not in such a passion as my friend Mr. Alder

he thought it was so. “But I sincerely hope" said Mr. B. some prepared communications, that we might come that a grave-yard may now be seen amongst the sand hills son was, awhile ago, at somebody near me!" The Court

tion to Mr. Buchanan's interesting letter respectare

unfortunate Mr. Conway, who lately committed suits of Formby, far removed from any habitation, and so burst into laughter; Mr. Alderson looked towards the precipitating himself into the ocean. situated, that it might, at any moment, be buried by the Judge with an awakened look of surprise, reddening up, the communications of H. W. J.-J. B. and will and heartily joining in the laugh; Mr. Brougham seemed

served

for our next; also, the query of A Constcut Read neighbourhood, we learn that this ancient cemetery is beperk nownedenizeaba retrok od as more welcome and more Printed, published, and sold. every Tuesday, by en San still used as a Catholic burying ground, effective than the most formal apology.

and Co., Clarendor-buildings, Lord-street.

After the offices

volved.

them.

A. M.

page.

Literary and Scientific Mirror.

OR,

“ UTILE DULCI."

familiar Miscellany, from which all religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending LITERATURE, CRITICISM, Men and LANSERS, AMUSEMENT, elegant ExTRACTS, POETRY, ANECDOTES, BIOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY, the DRAMA, ARTs and SCIENCES, WIT and SATIRE, Fashions, NATURAL HISTORY, &c. forming handsome ANNUAL VOLUME, with an INDEX and TITLE-PAGE. Persons in any part of the Kingdom may obtain this work from London through their respective Booksellers.

». 106. – Vol. VIII.

TUESDAY, APRIL 8, 1828.

Price 3 d.

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A SPANISH HISTORICAL ROMANCE.

The Bouquet.

To continue, then, the list of • My faults !' inter-discord begins-swords are drawn-women scream-algua

rupted his master. I only say of my complaints,' re- zils pounce upon us, and thus the sport goes on, till one sve here only made a nosegay of culled powers, and have turned the valet: next to your being a gamester, what I of the galanes is dead or wounded, or till the alguazils are ought nothing of my own but the thread that ties them."

most deprecate is, your military professsion, and the fame so strong as to render a prudent retreat advisable. Then, EZ ARIAS, OR THE MOORS OF THE ALPUJARRAS. which you have acquired by your bravery.” “Good hea- by some ill fortune, I am sure to be collared by the brother

vens !' cried Gomez Arias, ' why, thou art precisely com- of the alguazils in question ; and, without further ceplaining of the qualities that most become a gentleman.' remony, by way of remunerating merit and encouraging

• But I am no gentleman, pertinently observed Roque; a servant for faithfully serving his master, I am enterBy Don Telesforo de Trueba y Cosìo. and I cannot imagine why I should be exposed to the tained with sundry hearty cudgellings, liberally bestowed

dangers attendant on heroes, without likewise reaping their on my miserable hide. When they have not left a single

rewards.' 'I glory in being a soldier!' exclaimed Don sound bone in my skin, they kindly permit me to go, telling is work, of which we have only seen some por- Lope, a sudden burst of martial enthusiasm glowing on me, for consolation, to thank my stars, and that another ; is written in English by a Spaniard, and is his manly countenance. «Yes, I have laid low many of time I shall not escape so easily. With this pleasing as-creditable to his talents as an author, and as a the enemies of my country; and, before I die, I hope surance, I creep home as well as I can, and then my huar, as the style of his work is more unexception- often to try my good sword against those accursed and mane and grateful master, by way of sympathizing with than that of many of our popular native authors. rebellious Moors of the Alpujarras.' * All that is very the misfortunes I suffer on his account, fiercely demands, Juan is the prototype of Don Gomez; and fine, certainly,' said Roque; • but do you know, Senor, Roque! where have you been loitering, Sir ?' Calls me le reminds us most forcibly of the inimitable that I do not consider the country so much indebted to a most negligent rascal, and other names equally gratify. ha Panza, in the spirit and naïveté of his re- you, as, no doubt, you most complacently agine.' ing; and, upon the recital of my tragical adventure, very Salthough his morals will not bear any compa-. What! cried the cavalier, with looks of displeasure. coolly, and, as he thinks, very justly, observes-- It serves with those of Cervantes' squire.

• Pray be temperate, Don Lope; I do not mean to offend. you right—'lis all your fault-why did you not watch have seldom seen detached passages of any

You have, unquestionably, done great services to Spain, better ?' • Roque,' said Gomez Arias, ‘ you have told me which left, on partial perusal, a more eager by ridding her of many an unbelieving Moor; but reflect, the same story over and over again, and I do not see the Ito see the remainder; and we may venture to

Sir, that your sword has not been less fatal to Christian necessity of your repeating it now.' 'I beg your pardon, & that Don Gomez will become a decided content; and, in the intervals of peace, to keep you in ludicrous solemnity; but I am firmly resolved to quit

blood. In battle, you hew down infidels to your heart's Don Lope Gomez Arias,' responded the valet, with most stite with the British public. The following practice, I suppose, you take no less care to send the your service in good earnest ; for I perceive you are bent orous scene will convey to our readers a very bravest of her Majesty's warriors to the grave. Now put on getting into new difficulties, and I feel no inclination lidea of the general merits of this clever work.

this in the balance, and let us consider whether the to go in search of fresh adventures.'

country does not suffer more by your duels in peace, than “ Thus far had Roque proceeded in his eloquent and What is to be the wonder now ?' asked Gomez Arias, she actually gains by your courage in war. But now moral remonstrance, when Gomez Arias turned round, observed his valet and confidant, Roque, approach comes the most terrible of all your peccadilloes,-—of all took up a cane that lay near him, and walking very de with an unusual expression of gravity upon his coun- my complaints, I mean.' • And which is that, pray ?' liberately to his valet, with the most perfect composurece, such, indeed, as was seldom discernible in the The invincible propensity you have for intrigue, and the . Now, Roque,'he said, 'you must allow that I have listened te of the merry buffoon. •What is it you want ?' no less unfortunate attendant upon it,-inconstancy.' very attentively to your prosing. I have had quite enough th to leave your service, Senor. Leave my service ! Inconstancy!' exclaimed Gomez Arias. • How should of your nonsense for this morning, so I beg you to close J, Roque, you are not tired of so indulgent a master ?' it be otherwise ? Inconstancy is the very soul of love.' your arguments, unless you really wish that I should ho. Sir, answered Roque, 'I am; and, what is more, • I will not attempt to argue that point with so great an nour them with a most unanswerable reply.' Here, to ilte been so these three years—may I speak out ?') adept; my remonstrances are merely limited to the results, lustrate his meaning, he very expressively shook the cane, L' said Don Lope, 'you never till now asked leave and I can truly aver that my life in time of peace is, it and Roque as prudently retreated ; for he knew his master impertinent—but let me hear your complaints.' . In possible, more miserable than in war: for what with car- strictly adhered to his word on occasions of this nature. est place, you are not rich—a grievous fault.' 'How rying love-letters, bribing servants, attending serenades, with respect to your quitting my service,' continued belp that?' demanded Gomez Arias. “Senor, you watching the movements of venerable fathers, morose Don Lope, 'I have no sort of objection, provided that bare helped it once; but that is passed. Then you duennas, and fierce-looking brothers, I cannot enjoy a mo- when you part with me, you are likewise disposed to part 1. Here's the devil preaching morality !' exclaimed ment's rest.' Why, 'tis true, said Don Lope, my life with your ears, for I have taken such a fancy to you, my aster, with a laugh. "Oh, most conscientious Roque, is solely devoted to love and war. •I rather think it a dear Roque, that I cannot possibly allow you to quit me, are thine objections to this amusement ?' •To the continual war,' retorted the valet. • It may be much to without leaving me behind a token of remembrance. And Jement in itself, none; I am only discontented with your taste, Sir; but I, who am neither of so amorous a now,' he added in a more serious tone, ‘withdraw immeconsequences. If you gain, you very composedly temperament, nor of so warlike a disposition, cannot enjoy diately, and mind your business.' Roque made a humble the whole fruits of your success : if, on the contrary, the amusement so well. Instead of passing the nights bow, and retired. Gomez Arias in this instance, as well lose, I get more than a reasonable share of your ill quietly in bed, as good Christians should do, we employ as in many others, took advantage of that uncontrollable ours, with which you most liberally indulge me. them in parading the silent streets, putting in requisition authority which strong minds generally assume over their

Don Lope, I should like fair play, if play you will; all the established signals of love, and singing amorous inferiors. The valet had, indeed, resolved several times el a little more the effect of the first, and not quite so songs to the tender cadences of the love-inspiring guitar. to leave his master-for it happened that this same h of the second. • Thou art a pleasant sort of a fool, Even this I might endure with Christian resignation, were Roque had no particular relish for canings and other fa. ae,' said Gomez Arias, as he leisurely twirled round it not for the disagreeable results which generally termi- vours of the kind which were liberally administered to urling jet-black mustachios, and with much compla- nate our laudable occupations. It often happens that, him, as a remuneration for his master's achievements.-y eyed his fine figure in a mirror. Thank you, Sir, whilst you are dying with love, and I with fear and ap- Moreover, he had the nicest sense of justice, and he could ed the valet, with a low bow ; ' but be pleased to con- prehension, we meet with persons who, unfortunately, are not but feel the shocking impropriety of accepting a re

that the good opinion you entertain of my talents is, not such decided amateurs of music. Some surly, ill- ward that was unquestionably due to his superiors. Inrtunately, no adequate compensation for the privations disposed brother, or unsuccessful lover of the beauty, is, deed, it is but fair to add, he never acquiesced in the obnumberless perils which I undergo in your service. invariably, sure to come and disturb our harmony; then ligation, until it was actually forced upon him. Roquo

was, moreover, blessed with a conscience-that sort of pru. to eke out the volumes of Nicholson's Journal, and the chief merit will be found to be that it was made

of dential conscience which must be considered as a most va- Transactions of the Royal Society. For topics suited to tunely. luable acquisition. He certainly was not so unreasonable oratorical display, he has ransacked "all nature and all But whatever may have been the defects of that spe as to expect a spirited nobleman to lead the life of a seart.”

it did not deserve the envious irony of Mr. Scarlett, 1 questered monk, nor could he object to his master's in- The versatility of Mr. Brougham's talents may, perhaps, great as he is in a comparatively vulgar track, is item trigues; but he, nevertheless, found it extremely objec. have retarded his political as well as professional success. of any similar effort. He will be forgotten as some tionable that these should not be kept within the bounds A man who thinks of many things, soon loses all en quits the arena in which he figures; while Brough of common prudence. Now, could Gomez Arias have li- thusiasm, except that which is commingled with his self- name will take its place in history, mited his gallantries to the seduction of farmers' daughters, admiration ; and the ties of party are too slender to bind It is certainly impossible not to admire the activity or debauching tradesmen's wives, Roque would most im- the self-willed ambition of such a cold and egotistical versatile talents of the man who can make an erat plicitly have approved of the practice, inasmuch as, in this associate. A philosopher is a bad party man, and if he praise of Greek at Glasgow, and in praise of trad case, his master would only be asserting a sort of heredi- ever be at the head of a party, it must be a very small one. Liverpool; who, in the House, can enter into all the di tary right attached to those of his class. But to be de. But he consulted his genius in diversifying his pursuits; of the Slave Colonies, and into all the defects of the ceiving two ladies of distinction, was really too much for not naturally a brilliant man, but a great thinker, his who can, at the same time, take an active parti the delicate feelings of the conscientious menial. Again, powers would have been lost in a narrow field. If he had organization of a great public school, and devote Roque could not urge any thing against the courage of his not humanized himself in some measure by general cul hours a day to the duties of his profession. master; he only objected to the effects of its superabun- tivation, his barsh and intractable spirit would have been The style of Mr. Brougham's eloquence may be dance ; for this superabundance, together with Don Lope's quite intolerable. Rapid success never was his lot; he conjectured from his laborious life. The streeri unusually amorous disposition, were constantly in oppo- was formed “to toil hard up hill.” Albeit not of the thoughts is fed by copious springs; his mind is sition with the nicety of Roque's conscience, by reason of finest clay, he is what his favourite author, Lord Bacon, with general principles and illustrations ; but hey the difficulties they gave rise to, in the fulfilment of the calls “a hot genius, who must grow old e'er he be fit for the fervour, the fulness, and the maturity of sand natural law of self-preservation. It is an averred fact, action.” He is not, in fact, a sufficiently practical man, that belong to a concentrated attention. He is te that Roque never wilfully put himself in the way of in- and time alone can correct his intemperate disregard of the and impetuous, nor close and cogent. Labour is : fringing so rational a precept; and, most fortunately, men he deals with. It is obvious that no one so rough visible; his sentences are involved and tedious; tiel he was endowed with a quality highly favourable to the and austere as Mr. Brougham; one who prides himself so parentheses, the effect of distraction, entangle hisse observance thereof a quality which otber individuals, much on intellectual eminence, can have no sincere love his hearers ; his delivery is often forcible, but never not blessed with the same scruples, would denominate for the aristocracy, and although he may sometimes hang or impassioned ; and his voice, sweet enough at cowardice. This is not all: the valet was far from being on the arm of Earl Grey, he cannot pretend to venerate becomes unmusical when exerted. He has, how of a romantic turn of mind; he evinced no taste what the Noble Earl's order. The right of “a cat to look at rather improved of late ; his language is more sa ever for moonlit scenery and nocturnal adventure ; and he a king,” which be once vindicated in the House of Lords, and his manner less boisterous than formerly. The was vulgar enough to prefer the gross advantages of a must be often uppermost in his mind. The success of fault, however, of Mr. Brougham's eloquence is, sound slumber to all the sentimental beauties of the sil. Mr. Bro am's talents, as is the ase with other men's, is encumbered with a pretension to oratory; it is t vered moon and its appendages. These considerations was determined by circumstances. He was only a trouble views his subjects too abstractedly, and speaks dwelt strongly on the mind of Roque, and he had, accord- some speaker in the House, and had only the advantage much of an ex cathedra air. Whatever qualifica ingly, several times resolved to quit his master ; but such of being more conspicuous when he had the good luck the orator he may possess, he certainly has not persa was the dominion which Gomez Arias held over him, that to be chosen the Queen's professional adviser. If it were He never thinks, like Mr. Peel, of wheedling bisa 'the valet's resolutions fell to the ground whenever he ato not for this piece of good fortune, still might" blundering into an opinion that they are all really of one empted to put them in practice.”

Brougham spoil the sale” of the Edinburgh Reviero. He the contrary, he is better pleased with opponers

wanted an opportunity to display, while her Majesty he takes a perverse pleasure in ridiculing or courses Biographical Notices. wanted a counsel disposed to make a display, and whom As the savage supposes, that when he knocks and

nothing could abash. This was an affair exactly to his brains he acquires all his intelligence, so Mr. Beste MR. BROUGHAM.

taste, involving a variety of considerations, and sufficiently seems to imagine that the consequence of the

elevated to give some dignity to all engaged in it. Mr. member, whom he tears to pieces, becomes his laviek (From the London Weekly Review.)

Brougham has been, in general, very successful in watch. He thus lowers his senatorial dignity by forenski

ing the march of the public mind, and in taking his ness, his immediate object in every debate being Mr. Brougham is one of the few who have attained station in the line of its advance. Thus, by his speech himself formidable. A man thus constituted is obre equal eminence in the senate and at the bar'; perhaps the on education, in 1820, he got the start of the ministry in better qualified to discuss questions than to deal wit only lawyer whose political display has not reflected dis- commencing the work of peace, and exhibited himself to fellow men. an amiable carriage, suavity of credit on his profession. He has shown that legal studies the public in the light of a benefactor to mankind. In and the personal attachments arising from them, are do not necessarily contract the understanding, and that like manner, in the case of the missionary Smith, he aids to public men ; they blunt the edge of oppure a sound practical lawyer may be a man of extensive in- advocated the saints because the public sympathy was and open a way through adverse circumstances formation and philosophic views. There are many, no with them, although all the world knows that he is no talents can ensure success to the ambition of a mer doubt, who will say of him what Queen Elizabeth said saint. Here we see a strong proof of the tendency which from moroseness or the cynical asperity of his digung of Bacon, he hath many excellent flowers of wit, but is active intellect has towards humanity; we see one who is surrounded, as it were, with an atmosphere of repte no great lawyer ;" this opinion, founded on principles evidently has not from nature much of the milk of human who appears to have no object but to raise his own des familiar to parrow minds, was natural enough in an old kindness, in his efforts to signalize his talents, continually and trample on that of others. We have ofta woman and a queen. If a sterile and contracted mind be deviating into philanthropy. He does not care to en- that Lord Byron, who, in his Don Juan, necessary to make a lawyer, then God forbid that we force economy, nor to meddle with any question, which, frequently a propensity to punning, and white should ever claim the honour of being one. But mind is however important, is without éclat; but universal in English Bards, alludes to the true pronunciation universal, and Brougham has mind ; he has also what struction and universal freedom are open fields to an Brougham's name, had that gentleman in vier ve renders his acquirements indubitable-industry, persever. orator, although the discussion of them leads to no pracng industry. His thirst for distinction makes him dis- tical result.

A legal Broom's a moral chimney-sweep." regard labour, and the variety of his pursuits renders his In like manner the recent publication of Bentham's The barshness and callousness of feeling engendere exertions less irksome. From his earliest career he ap- work on Evidence, of that of Humphrey on Conveyances, the courts by constantly witnessing all that is with pears to have sought political distinction. At college he as well as Mr. Peel's Amendments of the Criminal Code, human nature, destroys all the winning

graces of ebarea was plodding and determined ; sometimes satirical, and clearly show that the time was come when the public Mr. Brougham would be a powerful auxiliary to always

eccentric, from a contempt, perhaps, of those about might be brought to think of reforming the law. Mr. but he is one whose alliance will n: ver be sought till him ; afterwards he broke out with a bright promise, Brougham perceived this, and was determined not to be actually wanted. He must first seek to make bir derived chiefly from his boldness. In the Edinburgh anticipated in the honour of pioneering the way. On the useful on little occasions, instead of thrusting this Review his papers were known by their rough vigour; by first or second night of the session, he gave notice of his forward on great ones. the unmusical labour of his periods, and his constant effort motion to that effect. His speech on the reform of the can be bestowed on Mr. Brougham is

, that he is the to dip his ploughshare below the surface and turn a deep Law was not, as he himself acknowledged, directed to any oratorical gladiator of the day, uniting more bois furrow. His pen and his tongue are ready for every sub-specific result ; but it was a grand display, and, con general knowledge, and more discipline superadded en ject by which fame is to be earned. His Colonial sidered as coming from a practising barrister, shows clumsy strength, than any one else in the Hous. Nors Poliey was written before he had reached his twenty- wonderful activity and independence of mind : if viewed theless

, it is from without he meets the warmest eplum fourth year; and, as a natural philosopher, he has belped I critically, however, and willa reference to its subject, its he has few enthusiastie admirers about him.

wrote

At present the highest prata

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