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that had been opened to me, and, in contempt of his ad- work was not all finished. I was in attendance at the fatal one wild, shrill, unbroken scream. I do not know vice and injunctions, determined on remaining in London, rehearsal of the 28th of February, in the course of my duty. long it lasted ; I do not even know whether it e to follow out a career, so much better adapted to my ta. As I was passing across the stage, I was arrested by the human voice at all; it did not stop for breath; lent than that of a provincial builder. An open quarrel voice of a new actress-a voice that had lingered in my ear

was not impeded, like that of the rest, by the interes with my family was the consequence; but I took no in spite of every thing. The earnestness of my gaze was of the ruins; minute after minute it continued, ale trouble to appease their anger, being convinced that a very observed by one of my fellow-workmen, who informed me minute it became wilder and shriller, piercing, short time would prove the wisdom of my conduct, and that the lady whom I seemed to admire so much was Mrs. arrow, through my head and heart, till my tortured enable me to demand, rather than solicit, forgiveness.

Mrs. -! She was married ! I forgot at the mo found temporary relief in insensibility. Two months passed away in expectation ; my money ment my situation, my dress, the proprieties of time and

My fainting-fit probably lasted a considerable was spent, and the people at my lodgings began to abate place, and I rushed forward to demand from her own lips for, when I recovered, it was long before I could in their civility, when I thought it necessary to bring my a confirmation or a denial of the truth of what I had heard. stand my situation, or recall any thing that had hapa patron to the point

. I called at his house for that purpose, That motion saved my life. There was heard at the in. to my memory. At length, piece by piece, the and found him just stepping into a post-chaise.

He stant a sound which I cannot describe by crash, or roar, came before me, and I could feel the cold sweat till seemed as glad to see me as ever, but, of course, had little or any other imitative word in the language ; it was not down my brow. The voice I had heard existed pag time for conversation. When he had fairly seated himself loud-nor shrill-nor hollow: perhaps its associations in only in imagination, for it was now silent. A la in the vehicle, and, in my despair, I ventured to ask how my memory with what followed may have fixed its peculiar sound was humming in my ears, which I could all long he meant to be absent from town, shaking me cor. character in my mind-but. I can only describe it to the distinguish to be the simultaneous groans of human dially by the hand, he informed me that if there was a call imagination by likening it to one's conception of the harsh, separated from me either hy distance, or some thia of the House, he might be obliged to return in the course grating, sullen, yet abrupt noise of the grave-stone when deadening barrier. My ear endeavoured, in of the session, but that, at all events, he would have the it shall be suddenly raised from its sandy, clammy bed, at divide it into its component parts, and to recogni pleasure of seeing me that time next year. I do not re- the sounding of the last trumpet. One of the actors rushed voices of those I knew; and there was somethicz member the carriage driving off_but the passers-by stop. across the stage, and darted out by the side-door. Of the horrible in this vague mysterious monotony than i ping to look at me, as I stood like a statue on the flags, rest, those who were speaking stopped in the middle of a been distinctly fraught with the dying accents of te recalled me to myself, and I went home to my lodgings. word; the hand raised in mimic passion was not dropped ; I loved best on earth. I felt as if my lot must be bi I was too timid, or too obstinate, to write

to my father. the moving crowd of human beings stood suill, as if by one than that of the rest. I was alone I was cut I preferred lowering my expectations, and applying for a impulse;—there was a pause of two or three seconds. from communion of suffering ; while they, I imag clerkship in a builder's office, and was promised the in- Some, whose mind was more present, raised their eyes to were together, and in the sound of one another's Auence of several persons of respectability in order to obtain the roof; but the rest were motionless, even in the vagrant and the touch, even of one another's clothes

, re it. In the meantime, by the advice of an acquaintance, 1 organs of vision, and stood mute and still like a gallery of some relief from the idea of total abandonment, of was induced to apply to the pawnbroker for a temporary statues. I cannot even attempt to describe the sound unimagined and unshared. pecuniary relief; but this did not enable me to discharge which awoke the scene from this appearance of death, only My senses, I believe, began to totter; for I comp the rent of my lodgings. The civility of my landlady was

to give it the reality. I would liken it to thunder, if you aloud of my lonely fate: I knew that I was bede changed to coldness, and her coldness, by a natural tran. could mingle the idea of the explosion with that of its effects absurdly, but I could not help it; I beat the iron sition, to heat. The persecution I underwent at home or to the rush of a mighty torrent, if you could fancy my dungeon with my clenched hands till they made me take refuge in public-houses, where I fell in amalgamated, as it were, in its roar, the typical voices of with blood, and shrieked aloud with a voice with companions as desperate as myself, but apparently pain, and horror, and confusion, and struggling, and death. terrific by the fury of despair. The voices of the more happy. I at length left my lodgings secretly, with I staggered back, and nearly fell into an abyss that was peared to be startled into silence at the sound the remains of my wardrobe under my arm. I engaged a cloven into the floor by a fragment of the iron roof on the it fell upon their ears like a cry of comfort and bed by the night at what is called a theatrical house, but very spot where I had stood but a moment before. While answer to their groaps from the surface of the one of the lowest of the sort, where I first acquired a taste rushing up the side of the newly-formed precipice to regain after a pause I heard another dull, heary sourd, -or rather a passion for stage-amusements, and became my footing, by the single terrified glance I had time and produced by a muffled drum; it was, in reality, a acquainted, by the introduction of her brother, with a light to cast behind, I saw that the iron and wood were and probably beat by one of the band, as a more young actress, whose name, whether she is dead or alive, wet with blood and brains and the other horrible mysteries means of awakening attentivn than his own soice. will not be benefited by an association with mine. My of man's inner body, and that the “ living soul" I had sound, in such circumstances, was inespressibly appearance at this time, with regard to dress, was respect. just talked to was not to be recognised by the sight as and when the hand that smote the instrument in e able, and my manners probably intimated an acquaintance having ever borne the external characteristics of a human accustomed a scene wandered by habit into a regular with better society than that enjoyed by my companions. being.

my sensations were exaggerated into a species of The reception I met with from the lady was favourable ;

The light was suddenly shut out-and yet so slowly as which I can liken only to that which might be sung and young, beautiful, amiable, and, I am convinced, to inflict upon my sight that which will ever stand between to visit a religious mind on witnessing some shacking innocent, she made an impression on my heart which is it and the sun. Fragment after fragment rushed furiously blasphemous impiety. the only part of my London history I am not ashamed of from the roof, but yet so thickly intermingled that I cannot

It may seem a species of insanity to mentisa i acknowledging

at this moment say whether or not the mass of roof was when the roll of the drum, and the soand of I debated with myself whether, on finding a situation, disunited at all in its descent. Then the bursting of the voices had ceased, and after I had been left for I should not remove her from a mode of life at least dan walls—the grating of the stones and bricks as they were siderable time, as it were, to myself, even in the gerous, if not disgraceful, by making her my wife, or, by ground into powder—the rending of the planks and wooden cumstances of terror, and loneliness, and myster. I attaching myself to her profession, serve as a protector partitions—the hissing sound of the lamps and brass-work sessed a species of knowledge, which the denizse from its danger, and derive from it the means of our -the damp crush of humau bodies and the yells of surface would have deemed equally useless and es mutual subsistence. My debate, however, was speedily mortal agony from a hundred voices, which seemed wilder able to those under ground : I knew the hour of the cut short: no situation turned up; I was pursued by means and stronger even than the inanimate sounds that had | Like the idiot who mimicked, at the proper interrei of summonses for several small debts; my landlord refused called them into being-to choke, conquer, and silence audible measurement of time, after the clock was me even a night's lodging without the money in advance, them for ever.

moved, which had taught him the practice, --my 10 and I was compelled to make my retreat to another quarter

All was dark. A weight was upon my shoulder which tion for drinking, which had been converted by babi of the town. It would be disgusting to pursue, step by an Atlas could not have moved; my left leg was fixed an almost unconquerable passion, returned as the ser step, the path of my decline, which was now fearfully pre between two planks, and, as I discovered by feeling with tomed time of its gratification. In spite of surrous cipitous. From the parlour I sunk to the tap-room-from my hand before the pain announced it, it was broken and circumstances, I fancied myself in the midst of Er the society of masters to that of journeymen from the distorted; the side outline of the narrow chamber in which solute companions, in the scene of our coarse and shabby surtout to the tattered jacket. My place of refuge I sate would have nearly described a right-angled triangle, revels; I drank, but without being filled; I bed was in Barlow-court, a narrow lane in the neighbourhood the hypothenuse leaning on my back: above, I could ex- drunken with imagination; and the close and possa of Wells-street, and having some slight knowledge of the tend my hand to its full length without obstacle, but the atmosphere, which before had been burdened with upholstery and cabinet-making business, I received em aperture could not have admitted any thing thicker than groans, now rung with songs, and laughter, and in ployment, accidentally, in fitting up the Brunswick Theatre. the arm; before me was a wall apparently of solid iron, cations. This state of unnatural excitement passed a

My earnings were very small, but I contrived to cheat and below, and at the sides, the surface, consisting of iron, but the re-action which took place exhibited all the pa my hunger out of sufficient to enable me to drown, almost bricks, stones, and wood, was broken into narrow interstices. toms that attended the awakening of the young anda every night, in intoxication, the sense of my degradation When the united sounds I have described had sub. experienced drunkard. With head-ache

, sickness and and despair.

sided into a distant hum, a single voice rose upon my ness, fear, foreboding, repentance, I awoke, is " The theatre was at length opened, although the internal lear: it was the voice of the lady mentioned above: it was horror of great darkness."


fhen the ideas, wholesome in themselves, but which, in to one of your second-rate booksellers, with a view of sell- rosity to make Fielding presents, at different times, of

And he circumstances, are felt like daggers, crowded rounding it for what it would fetch at the moment. He left it various sums, till they amounted to £2,000. Burdened and wearied heart. My father, my family, with this

trader in the children of other men's brains, and closed his life by bequeathing a handsome legacy to each arrogance, my ingratitude, my dishonesty, my mis. both to know at how high a rate his labours were appre

called upon him the succeeding morning, full of anxiety, of Mr. Fielding's sons. t time, my forgotten duties, my blasphemed and ciated, as well as how far he might calculate upon its egarded God! I buried my face in my hands, but I producing him wherewithal to discharge a debt of some Hd not hide them from my soul. Slowly and sternly twenty pounds, which he had promised to pay the next

(FROM THE DUBLIN EVENING MAIL.] passed before me ; but the last idea swallowed up its day. He had reason to imagine, from the judgment of

some literary friends, to whom he had shown his manu. Bransors; and with a start and a shudder, I found my script, that it should, at least, produce twice that sum.

Certain intelligence of the fate of this unfortunate na. trembling on the verge of eternity,—on the very steps But, alas! when the bookseller, with a significant shrug, vigator has been at length obtained. We have been fa

the judgment seat, entering into the presence of the showed a hesitation as to publishing the work at all, even voured by Sir William Betham with the following extract ül and eternal Judge.

the moderate expectations with which our Cervantes had from a letter he has received from Mr. John Russell, his t will be esteemed an example of the bathos when this yed cupbcie hopes seemed at once to close upon him

at nephew in vion next my hunger and thirst, and say that these you give me no hopes ?" said he, in a tone of despair.

Honourable East India Company's Ship Research, ions of the perishing body almost neutralized the very faint ones, indeed, Sir," replied the bookseller ;

New Zealand, Nov. 7, 1827.

“ MY DEAR SIR WILLIAM, I have the pleasure to of the above sentiments of my immortal soul. " for I have scarcely any that the book will move.. ger, indeed, may be borne, at least to the extent it "Well

, Sir,” answered Fielding, “ money I must have inform you of our safe arrival bere, after a successful voy. for it, and, little as that may be, pray give me some idea They were both wrecked the

same night on a reef off the

age, to ascertain the fate of La Perouse and his ships. my lot to endure it; but thirst is truly a chastisement what you can afford to give for it."-"Why: Sir," re- Manicolo Island, situated in latitude 11 40 S., and longi. scorpions." have not described my feelings ; I have simply cata. I have read some part of your Jones, and, in justice to tude:167 E. One of the ships sunk in deep water, after ad, and, in a very incomplete manner, their proximate myself, must even think again before I name a price for striking on a reef of rocks, and all on board perished; I sunk, by degrees, into a sort of stupor, from it; the book will not move; it is not to the public taste, who escaped were able

to save from the wreck materials I was awakened by the light of heaven streaming inore than £25 for it.”_" And that you will give for it,”

nor do I think any inducement can make we offer you enough to build a small vessel, at a place called Paion, o my face, through an aperture made in the ruins by said Fielding, anxiously and quickly...“ Really I must enabled to finish their little vessel-in which they all left leliverers. The apparent apathy, or, as some term think again, and will endeavour to make up my mind

by the island, with the exception of two men, about five bilosophy, which I displayed, has been attributed to tomorrow."-" Well, Sir," replied Fielding or will months after their shipwreck. One of these men died causes

. The truth is, that although at first my the £25; but these must positively be laid out for me and his fate is unknown ; most likely he perished, as we was awoke, my mind was almost wholly insensible; when I call: I am pressed for the money, and, if you have searched all the adjacent islands, but could obtain no overed its consciousness by very slow degrees, and it decline, I must go elsewhere with my manuscript."-"I

information of him. not until I was left alone at night, that I became will see what I can do," returned the bookseller : and so letely sensible of my deliverance. the two parted.

“We have obtained the clearest proofs that these ships Our author, returning homewards from this unpromis: and copper, stamped with a fleur-de-lis ; also a large bell,

were French, and have on board several pieces of silver fe have much satisfaction in saying, that the impru- him how the negotiation for the manuscript, he had for large letters. A second beli

, with the arms of France, and ing visit, met his friend, Thomson, the poet, and told with an inscription thereon, BAZIN M'AFAIT,” in and most unhappy young man, for whose interesting merly shown him, stood. The poet, sensible of the ex. sive we reekon confidently on the thanks of our traordinary merit of his friend's production, reproached part of the ornamented stern of the ship, with a large gilt

fleur-de-lis. s, is now pronounced to be out of danger. He has Fielding for bis headstrong bargain, conjured him, if he

“We have also found part of a plated candlestick, enremoved to the house of a friend of his father, an in that event, to find him a purchaser,

whose purse would graved with the following arms :- Azure, a satyr between at solicitor in Gray's Inn; but even while in the do more credit to his judgment. Fielding, therefore, a mullett in chief and a crescent in base or Supporters, two dal, he was visited by many persons of the highest posted away to his appointment the next morning, with lions rampant regardant. Over the shield a Viscount's stability. His most constant attendant, however, as much apprehension, lest the bookseller should stick to his

" Sir

William Betham, Ulster King of Arms, Dublin." a young female, who had been dug out of the ruins, bargaiv, as he bad felt the day before, lest he should alto

N.B. These arms are those of the French family of wat spurt , very soon after the accident happened. getier decline it. To his great joy, the ignorant trafficker in literature, either from inability to advance the money, or

Cotignon. are restrained, by considerations of delicacy, from a want of common discrimination, returned the manuscript, ring, in a particular manner, to her counexion with very safely, into Fielding's hands. Our author set off, with

Insect Labours. There are buildings, by animals far narrative; but if she was the lady who stood upon a gay heart, to his friend Thomson, and went,

in company inferior to man in the scale of creation, many times more lage at the time of the catastrophe, Mr. William's with him, to Mr. Andrew Millar, a popular bookseller at vast, in proportion, than his mightiest labours

. The cube mer must have been mistaken in her person, for she that dayMr. Millar was in the habit of publishing no of one of the African ant-hills is five times larger than

work of light reading, but on his wife's approbation;

the that of the great pyramids of Egypt, in proportion to their Mrs. , but Miss

work was, therefore, left with him, and some days after, size. These, Sweetman says, they complete in four or

she, having perused it, bid him by no means let it slipthrough five years; and thus their activity and industry as much AUTHORS AND PUBLISHERS. his fingers. Millar accordingly invited the two friends surpass those of man, as St. Paul's Cathedral does the hut andexed anecdote respecting the celebrated author disposed of a good dinner and two bottles of port, Thom. insect of the South Seas, that "faises islands our of depths

son, at last, suggested, " It would be as well if they pro. almost unfathomable : what lessons for human pride and Jones and the booksellers, which lately appeared ceeded to business.” Fielding, still

with no little trepi. human power ! -London paper:--The small ants in this Athanæum, has reminded us of some similar anec-dation, arising from his recent rebuff in another quarter, country are most persevering, indastrious creatures. We wbieb D'Israeli has collected together in his Curio. asked Millar

what he had concluded upon giving for his recollect that Baker, in his pleasing work on the microof Literature, and which we shall here introduce fond of coming to the point; but really, after giving every should carry a heavy load twelve miles a day.--Edit. Kal. geface to the story of Fielding and his publisher.

consideration I am able to your novel, I do not think I me offered the first and second volume of Tristram can

afford to give you more than two hundred pounds for dy to a bookseller at York, and was refused. it."

A Cockney, of the real Bow.Bell species, went to hear

" What !" 'exclaimed Fielding; "two hundred the Lord Mayor's chaplain ; his text was, “ There is no ras' Justice was sold for a trife, and now yields a pounds!", "Indeed, Mr. Fielding," returned Millar, thing new under the sun. - indeed, I am sensible of your talents; but my mind is cit by the sleeve, and whispered him, “Yes, there's a new

The Cockney pulled a brother made up."

"Two hundred pounds!" continued Field; Lord Mayor every year.' lins burnt his Odes before the doors of his publisher. ing, in a tone of perfect astonishment; "two hundred le publication of Blaia's Sermons was refused by pounds, did you say?" " Upon my word, Sir, I mean no disparagement to the writer or his great merit; but in a decent window, to this effect :-"Wanted, a few

A singular Want.-In the town of Fromé, is a placard i's Centlivre could scarcely get the Busy Body per- my mind is made up, and I cannot give one farthing

more." ted.

" Allow me to ask you,” continued Fielding, young Parsons to learn the straw business.'

with undiminished surprise" allow me, Mr. Millar, to Uton's Paradise Lost and Newton's Optics were nei. ask you—whether-you-are-curious!"-"Never more of them well received for some time. so," replied Millar, “ in all my life ; and I hope you

Tide Table. arcely any person would publish Robinson Crusoe. will candidly acquit me of every intention to injure your

feelings, or depreciate your abilities, when I repeat, that E pin's History was in a like predicament.

Days. Jorn. Even. Height.
I positively cannot afford you more than two hundred

pounds for your novel.” Then, my good Sir," said Tuesday .-18 0 20 0 41 20 3 Edward, King of West Sax. MEMOIRS OF TOM JONES.

Fielding, recovering himself from this unexpected stroke Wednesday19 i eard by the late Mr. Colquhoun from the lips of Dular, of fortune, "give me your hand; the book is yours. And, Thursday 20 i 38 1 5817 8 the Bookseller.) waiter," continued he, “bring us a couple of bottles of Friday 21

Saturday..22 3 1 3.23 14 0 your best port."

Sunday....23 3'49 4 17 12 3 5th Sunday in Lent. elding, having finished the manuscript of Tom Jones, Before Millar died, he had cleared eighteen thousand Monday 24 4 61 5 28 11 being at that time hard pressed for money, went with it pounds by “Tom Jones," out of which he had the gene Tuesday ..25 6 9 6 49 10 9 Annun. of B. Virgin Mary



Festivals, &c.

h.m.h.m. ft. in.

0 1 19 19 3

2 18 2 39 16 10 Benedict.



While toasts their lovely graces spread,

And fops around them flatter; I'll be content with Anney Bread,

And won't have any butcher.


Scientific Notices.



Mark'st thou yon ruin, beauteous in decay ?

Alas! how tower'd its lofty front sublime,

That seem'd to mock the giant force of time,
And triumph in imperial display!
Now all is past: and bending to its fall,

Rank weeds invest it; while night's dismal bird,

With lamentable cry, is wailing heard, Where erst, far echoing from its princely hall, Came music's voice, and sounds of revelry!

The feast, the revel, and the song is o'er;

The slimy snail now chalks the ball-room floor; Its canopy of state the starry sky; Yet ah! while desolation's fated prey,

Dearer and lovelier than in happier day! Liverpool.

She letteth fall some luring baits,

For fools to gather up ;
Now sweet, now sour, for every taste

She tempereth her cup.
Her watery eyes have burning force,

Her floods and flames conspire ;
Tears kindle sparks—sobs fuel are,

And sighs but fan the fire.
May never was the month of love,

For May is full of flowers;
But rather April, wet by kind,

For love is full of showers.
With soothing words enthralled souls

She chains in servile bands;
Her eye, in silence, hath a speech

Which eye best understands. Her little sweet hath many sours;

Short hap immortal harms; Her loving looks are murdering darts,

Her songs, bewitching charms. Like winter rose and summer ice,

Her joys are still untimely ; Before her hope, behind remorse,

Fair first-in fine unkindly.
Plough not the seas, sow not the sands,

Leave off your idle pain;
Seek other mistress for your minds-

Love's service is in vain.







ROBERT SOUTHWELL. Robert Southwell was born at St. Faiths, Norfolk, about 1560. His parents, who were Roman Catholics, sent him, when very young, to be educated at the English college, at Doway, in Flanders, and from thence to Rome. At sixteen years of age he received the order of the Society of Jesus, and having finished his noviciate, he went through a course of philosophy and divinity ; after which he was made prefect of the studies of the English college at Rome.

Becoming eminent for his piety, and the strict obser. vance of his religious duties, he was sent as a missionary priest into his native country, in 1584, and was very assiduous in discharging his arduous task until he was apprehended. He was tried and condemned on the 20th Feb. 1592; and the next morning was drawn to Tyburn on a sledge, and after being hung, his body was burned, actu. ally before he was strangled, owing to the unskilfulness of the hangman.

The exquisite smoothness, and ethical elegance, of Southwell's poetry, entitles it to be rescued from the oblivion into which it has fallen. If he does not startle the reader with the brilliancy of his conceptions, he fully compensates by an easy flow of versification, and purity of idea.

Where words are weak, and foes encount'ring strong,

Where mightier do assault than do defend, The feebler part puts up enforced wrong,

And silent sees, that speech could not amend : Yet higher powers must think, though they repine, When sun is set the little stars will shine. While pike doth range, the silly tench doth fly,

And crouch in privy creeks with smaller fish ;
Yet pikes are caught when little fish go by,

These fleete aflote, while those do fill the dish;
There is a time even for the worms to creep,
And suck the dew while all their foes do sleep.
The merlin cannot ever soar on high,

Nor greedy greyhound still pursue the chase ;
The tender lark will find a time to flie,

And fearful hare to run a quiet race.
He that high growth on cedars did bestow,
Gave also lowly mushrooms leave to grow.
In Haman's pomp poor Mardocheus wept,

Yet God did turn his fate upon his foe.
The Lazar pin'd, while Dives' feast was kept, .

Yet he to heaven-to hell did Dives go.
We trample grass, and prize the flowers of May;
Yet grass is green, when flowers do fade away.

As we anticipated, the singular experiment which lately introduced to the notice of our readers, has a an uncommon sensation : nor is the circumstance wondered at. It is a phenomenon of so extraordina description that no man of science could have pre the effect, had the experiment been proposed to merely, without the unexpected result. It is, at leas opinion that by reasoning, a priori, he would not har rived at the conclusion that a light disc of paper, place a flat card, perforated with a tube, could not be raise the power of the breath blown through that tube.

When a phenomenon, however singular it may exhibited, attempts at its solution will not be wa and we know that where false phenomena hare assumed or propounded, merely as a scientific theories to explain such spurious phenomena bave offered in abundance. One whimsical instance of propensity to explain every thing, and never to a puzzled, is related of one of our Kings, either See Charles, who would occasionally condescend to take chair of the Royal Society. On one of those occasion gravely proposed the following query to his learnedo sequious auditory. “If,” said his Majesty," " youp pailof water in one scale beam, and exactly poise it by in the other, what is the reason that if you put a litt into the water, the pail with the fish does not right than it did before the fish was placed there ?" Tepe gogues looked wise, shook and scratched their bak offered several scientific explanations of the supposed to nomena ; when one of thein, somewhat wiserad independent than his fellows, took the liberty to tak Majesty, that he doubted the fact. “So do I," the King, vacating the chair, and laughing heartily confounded philosophers.

If men are thus prone to speculate upon termed “ false facts," we need not wonder that o nomenon, which they have witnessed themselves, set their wits to work. The sensation that the experi under consideration has produced, is quite natural with the exception of what is called the hydrostatic dox, it is the most extraordinary that we bave met e the course of our experience.

The opinion of our correspondent A. M, whose ters we su bjoin, more nearly coincides with our en any we have read or heard of. We have little doute the phenomenon is caused by the rapid motion of not at all by its temperature. This motion has, respects, the same effect as rarefaction; and the is tion of A. M. respecting a stone moving rapidly a ice, is very applicable.

There is one experiment which we should wish to tried, and which would aid us much in our reasonic this phenomenon. If the bulb of a wheel barometer subjected to a stream of cold air, forced rapidly thre a pair of forge bellows, and the mercury, in consequat were found to fall, as we conjecture it would do, it throw some additional light on the subject of our is gation.

As we shall, in all probability, have to return to subject, we

shall not, for the present, pursue it for but shall conclude, with a few desultory hints to these may be inclined to solve the problem.

In speculating on this experiment, be laid on the weight of the disc of the card or paper,



She shroudeth vice in virtue's veil,

Pretending good in ill ; She offereth joy, but bringeth grief ;

A kiss—where she doth kill. A honey-shower rains from her lips,

Sweet lights shine in her face; She hath the blush of virgin mind,

The mind of viper's race. She makes thee seek, yet fear to find;

To find, but nought enjoy ; In many frowns, some passing smiles

She yields to more annoy.

Am I immortal !-ay, thou may'st not die;

(Low in the cold grave though thy flesh repose,

And crumble into native nothingness, as those That long have slept their death sleep ;) for the high Spirit that in thee dwells is of the sky,

The breath of the Eternal God, whose will

All things in heaven, and earth, and in the sea fulfil:
He is the first and last-boundless infinity!
Why grovel we, poor worldlings of an hour,

In vain pursuits of sublunary things
Bubble renown, honour, and wealth, and fame?
My God, impart to me the saving power,

With holy care to prune my heavenward wings,
That with the ransomed there I may thy praise proclaim.
Manchester, January 9, 1828.

W. H.

DO stress shoal

A. MR.


superficial surface, because, although, a light piece of off more swiftly between them, opposing a still more telligent being, and ascribed to her various qualities and per cannot be blown off, a, which is, perhaps, diminished force to the pressure outside; by reason of virtues; that the corpuscles, of which all bodies are comundred times heavier, and of nearly equal superficies, which the discs will collapse as much as the current will posed, are of different figures, and consist of different

assemblages; that all bodies contain numerous pores, be removed by a strong blast.

admit. The friction of the air over the surfaces of the or interstices, which are of different sizes; that the human Neither must the experimentalist ascribe any part of cards will be, in my opinion, very trifling, and will have body, like all other bodies, possesses pores peculiar to Effect to a partial vacuum occasioned by the warm

itself; that these pores are larger or smaller, according as little tendency to separate them. To assure myself of air being deprived of its pressure, rude; that the blood consists of the largest, and the spirits

the corpuscles which pass through them differ in magni. reacth passing through the tube; as cold air propelled Duagh a pair of bellows produces the same effect.

except in the direction in which it is urged, I made a tube, and heat of the smallest. On these principles Asclepiades

of paper, and inserted the barrel of a quill at one end, founded his theory of medicine. He maintained that as A analogies between this experiment and that of a r's common leather sucker will be inapplicable and fal. through which I directed a current of air, and found that, long as the corpuscles are freely received by the pores, the aus. In a sucker a vacuum is formed, even more per air was superior, and caused a contraction of the tube. in this experiment also, the pressure of the atmospheric body remains in its natural state; that, on the contrary,

as soon as any obstacle obstructs their passage, it begins to than the mercurial or Torricellian vacuum; but in The first experiment may be varied, by fixing a bit of just proportion between these pores and corpuscles; that,

recede from that state; that, therefore, health depends on a experiment under consideration, the upper card, or stiff paper, about the size of sixpence

, over the top of the on the contrary, disease proceeds from a disproportion bedoes not fit close to the lower card at the edges, as

pipe, and in such a way as to allow the air to escape freely tween them; that the most usual obstacle arises from a sucker does to the stone; if it did, the air could not under it: this cap prevents the wind from striking on the retention of some of the corpuscles in their ordinary pas, off as it does. "all reasoning on the subject, we should never, for a more firmly. The same effect takes place if the breath be that phensies, lethargies, pleurisies, burning fevers, for centre of the uppermost card, and causes them to adhere sages, where they arrive in too large a number, or are of

irregular figures, or move too fast, or proceed too slow : Tent, lose sight of the lower card, through which the drawn inwards; but if the cap be removed, and the breath example, are occasioned by these corpuscles stopping of for tube is passed, as it is essential to the experi. drawn inwards, the cards will adhere more effectually, their own accord ; that pain is produced by the stagnation

because over a space equal to the area of the quill, there of the largest of all these corpuscles, of which the blood will be produced the effect of a vacuum.

consists; that, on the contrary, deliriums, languors, exTO THE EDITOR. Such is the solution I take the liberty to offer to those a bad state of the pores, which are too much relaxed, or

tenuations, leanness, and dropsies, derive their origin from 1,-As you have invited your philosophical corre curious in the inquiry. Theories are often absurd. If the opened; that dropsy, in particular, proceeds from the flesh lents to “cudgel their brains,” to hit upon the true above is incorrect, I suppose it will do little harm, and I being perforated with various small holes, which convert on of this phenomenon, I present you with the fol shall have many great men to keep me in countenance.

the nourishment received into them into water; that hun3. which I conceive to be the true solution :

Yours, &c.

ger is occasioned by an opening of the large pores of the e pressure of the atmosphere acts upon the whole of

stomach and belly, that thirst arises from an opening of 89, Oldhall-street, March 13, 1828.

the small pores; that intermittent fevers have the same pper surface of the card, whilst the air blown through

origin; that quotidian fever is produced by a retention of tbe acts on a small part only of the under surface,

the largest corpuscles; tertian fever by a retention of corvery little more than the diameter of the tube: con

puscles somewhat smaller; and quartan fever by a retenntly, the card cannot be blown off without a blast

SIR,- In the letter I took the liberty of addressing to tion of the smallest corpuscles of all. ently powerful to counterbalance the pressure of the you yesterday, I stated what I conceived to be the cause three principles, namely, the solids, the humours, and the

Galen maintained that the animal body is composed of pbere on the whole of the upper surface.*

of the cards collapsing while a current of wind is passed spirits. That the solid parts consist of similar and organic : the tabe be one-fourth of an inch, and the card half betwixt them, namely, from the superior pressure of the that the humours are four in number, namely, the blood, sth in diameter, it may be blown off without much atmosphere, to the air passing betwixt the cards, which I phlegm, the yellow bile, and the black bile: that the spirits card be increased to one inch, the difficulty of blow- has in a state of rest, of pressing upwards, downwards, and from the blood, and which derives its origin from the

lty; if the tube remain the same, but the diameter considered to have lost the well-known property which air are of three kinds, namely, the vital, the animal, and the e off is greater, and so in proportion to the diameter in every other direction. In addition to what I have al. liver, the organ of sanguification ; that the spirits, thus card.-Yours, &c.

J. G. B. ready advanced in my former letter, I take leave to offer formed, are conveyed to the heart, where, in conjunction Testery, March 13, 1828.

the following observations as a reason why the two circular with the air drawn into the lungs by respiration, they How does our correspondent reconcile his reasoning with cards do not separate when the uppermost is blown at vital spirits ; that, in their turn, the vital spirits are

become the matter of the second species, namely, of the Set mentioned in our prefatory note, viz. that a half through the tube, which is the problem proposed to us. changed into the animal in the brain, and so on. s may be blown off with ease ?—Edit. Kal.

The wind, in the first place, strikes the uppermost card At last came Paracelsus, who was believed to have disover a space equal to the diameter of the quill, and has covered the elixir of life, and who is the very prince of

He delivered a course of lectures on the TO THE EDITOR.

its direction instantly changed parallel to the surfaces of charlatans. I have been induced to attempt a solution of the the cards; the air which occupied the spaces betwixt which he commenced by burning the works of "Galen and

theory and practice of physic, at the University of Basle, iment with the cards, not flattering myself with the them is driven out, and is succeeded by a current of wind. Avicenna in the presence of his auditory. He assured his either of the medal of the Royal Society, or of the The card, in the first instance, when struck by the wind bearers that his shoe-latchets had more knowledge than iary reward, but rather attracted by the singularity from the tube, has a tendency to fly off, but is prevented, both these illustrious authors put together; that all the problem, which, perhaps, though unimportant, has almost instantaneously, by the stream of air passing out. beard; and that the hair on the back of his neck was more very difficult to explain. The following appears

ward betwixt the two cards. The uppermost card, before learned than the whole tribe of authors. It was fitting to be the most obvious solution :

it can fly off, must change the current of air immediately that a person of such splendid pretensions should have a wind blown through the tube or quill, after having under its surface, and draw it after it, or otherwise leave a magnificent name. He, therefore, called himself Philipthe card, is changed in its direction, and flies off vacuum betwixt its lower surface and the current of air pus Aureolus Theophrastus Paracelsus Bombast Von Hootally betwist the cards, in a stream which has little which it is unable to draw aside from its horizontal course. mists, he was a little too apt to carry into other sciences tendency to throw off the card at top. Flying off in The card, though urged by the blast at its centre, is un. the smoke and tarnish of the furnace.” He conceived etion parallel to the surfares of the cards, it has not able to do either, and therefore remains stationary.

that the elements of the living system were the same as operty of pressing upwards, downwards, &c. as air

Yours, &c.

those of the laboratory, and that sulphur, salt, and quick. ben at rest; whereas, the atmospheric pressure out89, Oldhall-street, March 14, 1828.

silver, were the constituents of organized bodies. He

taught that these constituents were combined by chemical will more than counteract the blast which strikes

operations: that their relations were governed by Archeus, rd from the quill, as also the little buoyancy left of


a demon, who performed the part of an alchemist in the i deflected from the centre. I conclude that air

stoinach, who separated the poisonous from the nutritive 2g swiftly over a surface parallel thereto has lost its An

Appeal to the Public and to the Legislature, on part of the food, and who communicated the tincture by

the necessity of affording Dead Bodies to the Schools which the food became capable of assimilation ; that this of pressure to a certain extent, from the circum

of Anatomy, by Legislative Enactment. By William governor of the stomach, this spiritus vitæ, this astral of other bodies losing theirs. A stone, for instance, Mackenzie.

body of man, was the immediate cause of all diseases, and b, by its gravity, would fracture a sheet of ice, will

the chief agent in their cure; that each member of the so if projected smoothly over it: this circumstance

(Continued from page 296.)

body had its peculiar stomach, by which the work of seU kdown, and also, that the greater the velocity the

cretion was effected ; that diseases were produced by cer

The great opponent of Hippocrates was Asclepiades. tain influences, of which there were five in particular, viz. rill be the pressure. In the same manner the air He asserted that matter, considered in itself, is of an un. ens estrale, ens veneni, ens naturale, ens spirituale, and ist the cards flowing freely outwards, has its pressure changeable nature; that all perceptible bodies are com- ens deale ; that when the Archeus was sick, putrescence ned in proportion to the force with which it is blown, posed of a number of small ones, termed corpuscles, be- was occasioned, and that either localiter or emunctor ialiter, s unable to counterbalance the pressure outside. Thə iween which there are interspersed an infinity of small &c. &c. will not separate by a strong blast more readily than posed of these corpuscles; that what is called nature is with our present purpose, to follow these speculations, or

spaces totally void of matter; that the soul itself is com. It would be leading to a detail which is incompatible weaker, because if the wind exerts itself more forcibly nothing more than matter and motion; that Hippocrates to give an account of the doctrines of the mechanical phy. e centre of the card opposite the quill, it will also fly knew not what he said when he spoke of nature as an in- sicians, who believed that every operation of the animal

A. MR.

economy was explained by comparing it to a system of " for removing a bone which sticks in the throat,” main - we are aware, .of tiring the reader; but in the bed ropes, levers, and pulleys, united with a number of rigid tained that gout was the “grand drier,” and prescribed a leaving on his mind a more distinct impression of the tubes of different lengths and diameters, containing fluids remedy for it, which the patient was to use for a whole portance of anatomical knowledge than could poisid which, from variations in their impelling, causes, moved year, and to observe the following diet each month. In produced by a mere allusion to the circumstances with different degrees of velocity; or of the chemical physici- September he must eat and drink milk; in October he have been explained. In all ages formidable ans, whose manner of theorizing and investigating would must eat garlic; in November he is to abstain from bath. have opposed the prosecution of anatomical invester have qualified them better for the occupation of the brewer, ing; in December he must eat no cabbage; in January Among these, without doubt, the most powerful or of the distiller, than for that of the physician. All these he is to take a glass of pure wine in the morning; in source in a feeling which is natural to the heart speculations are idle fancies, without any evidence what. February, to eat no beef; in March, to mix several things The sweetest, the most sacred associations, are indie ever to support them; and it has been argued that, for both in catables and drinkables ; in April, not to eat horse- connected with the person of those we love. It is er this very reason, they must have been without any prac. radish ; nor in May, the fish called polypus ; in June, he corporeal frame that our senses have been familiar tical result, and that, therefore, if they were productive is to drink cold water in a morning; in July, to avoid that on which we have gazed with rapture: iti of no benefit, they were, at least, innoxious. No opinion venery; and lastly, in August, to eat no mallows.

which has so often been the medium of conveying te can be more false or pernicious. These wretched theories A third physician deduced all diseases from inspissation hearts the thrill of ecstasy. We cannot separate not only pre-occupied the mind, prevented it from observ- of the fluids; hence he attached the highest importance to of the peculiarities and actions of a friend from the ing the real phenomena of health and of disease, and the diluent drinks, and believed that tca, especially, is a his person. It is for this reason that everything actual effect of the remedies which were employed, and sovereign remedy in almost every disease to which the has been associated with him acquires a value fra thus put an effectual stop to the progress of the science; human frame is subject. * Tea," says Bentekoe, who is consideration ; his ring, his watch, his books, but they were productive of the most direct and serious loudest in his praises of this panacea, and who, as habitation. The value of these as having been evils. It is no less true in medicine than in philosophy Blumenbaek observes, deserves to have been pensioned not merely fictitious; they have an empire over my and morals, that there is no such thing as innoxious error; by the East India Company for his services,'-" tea is the they can make me happy or unhappy; they can that men's opinions invariably influence their conduct; best, nay, the only remedy for correcting viscidity of the and they can tranquillize; they can purify my sent and that physicians, like other men, act as they think blood, the source of all diseases, and for dissipating the and make me similar to the man I love; they por Asclepiades, whose mind was full of corpuscles and inter- acid of the stomach, as it contains a fine oleaginous vola virtue which the Indian is said to attribute to the stices, was intent on finding suitable remedies, which he tile salt, and certain subtle spirits which are analogous in him he kills, and inspire me with the powers, the discovered in gestation, friction, and the use of wine. By their nature to the animal spirits. Tea fortifies the me- and the heart of their preceding master.” It is various exercises he proposed to render the pores more open, mory and all the intellectual faculties ; it will, çherefore, says the survivor, to tell me, when disease has com and to make the juices and corpuscles, the retention of which furnish the most effectual means of improving physical its work, and death has seized its prey, that that bad causes disease, to pass more freely. Hence he used ges- education. Against fever there is no beiter remedy than which are connected so many delightful associatio: tation from the beginning of the most burning fevers. forty or fifty cups of tea swallowed immediately one after senseless mass of matter; that it is no longer my He laid it down as a maxim, that one fever was to be anoiher; the sline of the Pancreas is thus carried off.” that the spirit which animated it, and rendered it cured by another; that the strength of the patient was to Another physician derived all diseases from a redundancy my sight, and dear to my affections, is gone. I ko be exhausted by making him watch and endure thirst to or deficiency of fire or water. Hc maintained that where it is gone. I kpow that I never more shall see such a degree, that, for the first two days of the disorder, the water predominated, the fluids became viscid, and that of intelligence brighten that countenance, nor beta he would not allow them to cool their mouths with a drop hence

arose intermittent fevers and anthritic complaints. beam in that eye, nor the voice of affection som of water. Abernethy's regulated diet is luxurious living His remedies are in strict conformity to his theory. These those lips: that which I loved, and which loved compared to his plan of abstinence. For the three first diseases are to be cured by volatile salts, which abound here : but here are still the features of my friends days he allowed bis patients no aliment whatever ; 'on the with fiery particles; venesection in any case is highly pero his form, and the very particles of matter which fourth, he so far relented as to give to some of them a nicious; these fiery medicines are the only efficacious this dull mass, a few hours ago were a real part small portion of food ; but from others he absolutely with remedies, and are to be employed even in diseases of the and I cannot separate them, in my imagination, fr held all nourishment till the seventh day. And this is most inflammatory nature.' Life,” says Dr. Brown, And I approach them with the profounder resa the gentleman who laid it down as a maxim, that all is a forced state” it is a flame kept alive by excitement; gaze upon them with the deeper affection, because diseases are to be cured " tuto, celeriter et jucunde." To every thing stimulates; some substances too violently; all that remain to me. I would give all that I be sure, he was a believer in the doctrine of compensation; others not sufficiently; there are thus too kinds of debility, purchase the art of preserving the wholesont and, in the later stage of their diseases, endeavoured to indirect and direct, and to one or other of these causes and rosy hue of this form, that it might be my recompense his patients for the privations he caused thein must be referred the origin of all diseases. According to still : but this is impossible. I cannot detain to endure in the beginning of their illness. Celsus this doctrine the mode of cure is simple: we have nothing tomb. But when I have " cast a heap of mould obseryes, that, though he treated his patients like a but to do but to supply, to moderate, or to abstract stimuli. person of my friend, and taken the cold eru cher during the first days of the disorder, he afterwards Typhus fever, in this system, is a disease of extreme debi- keeper,” I visit the spot in which it is deposited on indulged them so far as to give directions for making lity; we must, therefore, give the strongest stimulants. it is sacred to my imagination : it is dear to my their beds in the softest manner. He allowed them Consumption and apoplexy, also, are diseases of debility; There is a real and deep foundation for these abundance of wine, which he gave freely in all fevers; of course, the remedies are active stimulants. Humanity human nature; they arise spontaneously in the he did not forbid it even to those afflicted with phrenzy, shudders, and with reason, at the application of such doc. man, and we see their expression and their power nay, he ordered them to drink it till they were intoxicated; trines to practice. And not less destitute of reason, and customs of all nations, savage as well as civilized for, said he, it is absolutely necessary that persons who not less dangerous in practice, is the great doctrine of de the conduct of all men, the most igoorant and unca labour under phrenzy should sleep, and wine has a nar. bility promulgated by Cullen. This celebrated professor no less than the most intelligent and refined

. 11 cotic quality. To lethargic patients he prescribed it with taught that the circumstance which invariably charac- the policy of society to foster these sentiments, great freedom, but with the opposite purpose of rousing terized fever, that which constituted its essence, was de- been conceived that the sanctity which attaches tete them from their stupor. His great remedy in dropsy was bility. The inference was obvious, that, above all things, is reflected back in a profounder feeling of respect friction, which, of course, he employed to open the pores. the strength must be supported. The consequence was, living; that the solemnity with which death With the same view he enjoined active exercise to the that blood-letting was neglected, and that bark and wine elevates, in the general estimation, the value of sick ; but, what is a little extraordinary, he denied it to were given in immense quantities, in cases in which intense that he who cannot approach the mortal remains a those in health.

inflammation existed. The practice was in the highest creature without an emotion of awe, must it Erisistratus, who was a great speculator, and whose degree mortal; the number of persons who have perished horror every thing which places in danger the theories had the most important influence on his practice, in consequence of this doctrine is incalculable. So far human being. Religion has contributed indire banished blood-letting altogether from medicine, for the then is it from being true that medical theories are of no powerfully, to the strength and perpetuity of following notable reasons; because, he says, we cannot practical importance, that there is the closest possible con pressions; and superstition has availed berseli always see the vein we intend to open ; because we are not nexion between the speculations of the physician in his play her antics and to accomplish her base and sure we may not open an artery instead of a vein ; because closet, and the measures which he adopts at the bed-side purposes. It is not the eradication of these for we cannot ascertain the true quantity to be taken ; because, of his patient. Truth to him is a benignant power which can be desired, but their control: it is not the if we take too little, the intention is not answered'; if too stops the progress of disease, protracts the duration of life, of these natural and useful emotions that is pler much, we may destroy the patient; and because the evac and mitigates the suffering it may be unable to remove: but that they should give way to higher curs cuation of the venous blood is succeeded by that of the error is a fearfully active and tremendously potent princi- when these exist. Veneration for the dead is spirits, which thus pass from the arteries into the veins; ple. There is not a medical prejudice which has not slain with the noblest and sweetest sympathies of our wherefore, blood-letting ought never to be used

as a remedy its thousands, nor a false theory which has not immolated but the promotion of the happiness of the livici in disease. Yet, though he was thus cautious in abstract its tens of thousands. The system of medicine and surgery from which we can never be exonerated. ing blood, it must not be supposed that he was not a suffin which is established in any country, has a greater influence ciently bold practitioner. In tumour of the liver, he hesi- over the lives of its inhabitants than the epidemic diseases

(To be continued.) tated not to cut open the abdomen, and to apply his produced by its climate, or the decisions of its government

METEOROLOGICAL DIARY. medicines immediately to the diseased organ; but, though concerning peace and war. The devastations of the yellow

[From the Liverpool Courier.] be took such liberties with the liver, he regarded, with fever will bear no comparison with the ravages committed the greatest apprehension, the operation of tapping, in by the Brunonian system ; and the slaughter of the field

Extreme: 1 herung Extreme ate of dropsy; of the abdomen ; because, said he, the waters being of Waterloo counts not of victims, a tithe of the number

Night. moraing mag Darat Age evacuated, the

liver which is inflamed, and become hard like of which the Cullepian doctrine of debility can justly boast. Mar. a stone, is more pressed by the adjacent parts, which the Anatomy alone will not teach a physician to think, much 29 79

0 46 0

N.W. Stormy waters kept at a distance from it, whence the patient dies. less to think justly; but it will give him the elements of


39 0 N.N.E. Fair. One physician conceived that gout originated from an thinking ; it will furnish him with the means of correcting

0 47 0 3.5.W. Rain. effervescence of the synovia of the joints with the vitrio- his errors; it will certainly save him from some delusions,

0 53 0 N.N.W. Rain. 58 0 W.

Rain. lated blood; whence he recommended alcohol for its cure, and will afford to the public the best shield against his

52 0 S.S.W. Raiti. a remedy for which the Court of Aldermen ought to have ignorance, which may be fatal; and against his pre

30 24 47 0 49

54 0 S.S. W. Fair voted him a medal. A more ancient practitioner, who sumption, which may be devastating, believed that the finger of St. Blasius was very efficacious i We have entered into this minute detail at the hazard, p.m. hail storm.

5th--Very stormy during night, with hail and raw ;



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