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Biographical Motices.



adversity. The hurricane of 1825, which tore up by the may be understood even by those whose attention may 1
roots the tallest trees in the commercial forest, and did not hitherto have been drawn to the class of studies to whi
spare even the brushwood, laid him, “ the loftiest of the

che our communications may belong.
lofty," prostrate.

In pursuance of this rule, we shall state first, that

The tremendous crash of his downfal, the Straits of Magellan, so called after the great Span (From the Edinburgh Weekly Chronicle, July 25.) when in his “ most high and palmy state,” is still fresh navigator, whose name they bear, and formed by 1

in the memory of every one. But though the branches | island of Terra del Fuego and the southern extremity With much regret we have to announce the death of and trunk were destroyed, the root continued sound as South America, certain nebulæ, of the nature and 1 this gentleman. He had long laboured under a dropsical ever; and, with preternatural vigour, put forth stoles .

pearance of the milky way, are seen, which have, from i

time of their first discovery, borne the name of the " N complaint; but the immediate cause of his death, which which promised to repair the damage done by the blast. gellan Clouds." They have hitherto been considered occurred on Saturday, at his house in the Park-place, was His Miscellany was a wonderfully grand scheme, which a small portion only of those immense and immeasural the bursting of a blood vessel. Few men in modern times, delighted the patriot and philanthropist, and was, in every masses of nebulæ scattered over the face of the heave in any department of business, have occupied a larger way, promising. With regard to Mr. Constable's morale,

but placed so far beyond the limits of the fixed stars, as space in the public eye than Mr. Constable. The exten- it occurs to us, that to have acquired, as he did, the esteem

induce the great Dr. Herschell to hazard the opinion it

“their very light had been a million of years in travelli siveness and bold originality of his speculations as a pub of the most knowing and able men of his day, he must

In a recent voyage from lisher would have conferred a distinction upon any man; have possessed extraordinary powers of mind, a gentle land, in the ship Thames, Captain R. L. Frazer, the fi but when these qualities are viewed in connexion with his manly spirit, and a social disposition. But rather than lowing observations were made, when in the lat. of 33 di liberality to authors-a liberality which was unprecedented trust to ourselves on that subject we would refer to the de- / to 34 deg. S. and lon. 18 deg. E. of the meridian of Gree -which to the cautious might appear profusion, but, as lineations by others, whose opportunities of knowing, and

wich; within which limits the clouds were clearly to

perceived ; namely, that the smaller cloud, or suppose experienced proved, was a proof of his sagacity, it may accurately judging, cannot be questioned. The following

cluster of distant stars, constantly preserved the alitud be safely pronounced that, in every respect, he was the sketch of his character appeared in the preface to the novel of 50 deg., remaining perfectly stationary, while the larg most eminent publisher of his day. Shakspeare makes of the Fortunes of Nigel, whose author is the most distin. cloud revolved round the smaller one in the space of one of his characters speak of a “royal merchant;" and guished that can be named as a practical philosopher:-"To

hours, constantly preserving the same distance from it

about 22 d considering the vastness, splendour, and utility of Mr. this great deprivation has been added, I trust for a time only,

| As the ship progressively approached the equator Constable's undertakings, the term royally, in Shakspeare's the loss of another bibliopolical friend, whose vigorous in

sailing to the northward, the altitude of both clouds sense, may safely be applied to him. Though his business tellect and liberal ideas have not only rendered his native course decreased; but, as long as they were seen, this was but that of a handmaid to literature, he may in some country the mart of her own literature, but established volution of the one around the other was uniformly a measure be said to have been the author of much litera- there a Court of letters, which must command respect,

served ; and so satisfied were the observers of the fa

that they have furnished us with a diagram of the positi ture, by often pointing out untrodden paths to genius, even from those most inclined to dissent from many of its

and appearance of the clouds at several periods of obal which otherwise might have escaped its searching eye; canons. The effect of these changes, operated in a great vation, which we have deemed of sufficient interest to by calling into action, by means of his liberality, genius measure by the strong sense and sagacious calculations of sent in a reduced form above. We possess the origin which otherwise would for ever have slumbered; and by

sve dumbered and by an individual who knew how to avail himself to an un. with the signatures of the observers, and the several al the ready patronage which he extended to the productions hoped-for extent, of the various kinds of talent which his

tudes, distances, bearings, &c. from the latitudes and

gitudes described ; and al:hough the rate of motion of genius, the excellencies of which he could discover, but country produced, will probably appear more clearly to the

which the larger cloud must revolve round the station which were concealed by fastidiousness or ignorance from generation which shall follow the present. I entered the one surpasses all haman conception, still, when the 4 the grosser vision of some of his brethren. Indeed, the shop at the Cross, to inquire after the health of my worthy | astronomers are agreed that the distance even of many most remarkable trait of his professional character seems friend, and learned with satisfaction that his residence in

the fixed stars may be such that “ since they were 1 to have been, that, without being profoundly learned, he the south had abated the rigour of the symptoms of his

created, the first beam of light which they emitted has

abated the rigour or the symptoms of his | yet arrived within the limits of our system, while otlaq possessed an intuitive taste and perception of whatever disorder."-We have been informed that Mr. Constable which have disappeared or have been destroyed form was excellent, rare, and likely to be popular in literature; had been some time engaged in preparing, at such inter ages, wil

to shine in the heav a taste and perception which never deceived him. No. ( vals as he could command, a memoir of his life, em which they emitted has reached our earth," no rapid thing worthless-nothing which had not some high and bracing, of course, that vast fund of literary information

motion of motion or extension of space can of themselves just peculiar merit, if we make a very few exceptions, ever and anecdote which his long association with its highest lime and awful truths must apnibilate the pride of tu

ou credulity, while both are in finite. But though such issued from his house ; and such was the celebrity he had and best sources must have led him to obtain, and too capacity, and fill the mind of man with wonder and acquired by the almost uniform excellence of bis publi. | valuable to sink with himself into the grave. We fear, miration, how must it elevate his conceptions of that 69 cations, that his name on the title page of a work was an however, that misfortune and ill health must have stopped Source, from which emanates such inconceivable grande almost certain passport to popularity. Many have pub- the progress of the undertaking ; but it may still be hoped

that its very contemplation paralyzes the strongest m lished more works, numerically speaking, than Mr. Con- that there are materials for its completion, and hands capa.

| and hunibles all created beings to the dust! stable, but none has published nearly so much in sterling ble of arranging and digesting them in proper order. value ; his shop was as the centre of attraction to most of

Correspondence. the master spirits of the age, however diversified their

Scientific Notices,

PHRENOLOGY. politics or pursuits might have been ; and hence a vast proportion, indeed, of all that is not perishable in the litein the lite. Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve

“What varied wonders tempt us as we pass. ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sînrature of his day, was ushered into the world by him.

Phrenology, tractors, magnetic animals, and gas, gular Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanical, Phi In turn appear to make the vulgar stare, Mr. Constable, in fact, with less learning than his predelosophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mineralogical

Till the whole bubble bursts-and all is air. -Byro cessor, Mr. Creech, but being a better appreciator of ge Phenomena, or singular Facts in Natural History; nius and talent, had the high merit of having been the Vegetation, &c.; Antiquities, &c.

TO THE EDITOR. first in his profession to give a great impulse, “ a local ha

SIR,-When I had the pleasure of addressing to

REVOLUTION OF THE MAGELLAN CLOUDS. bitation and a name,” to the literature of his own country,

(in Kaleidoscope No. 317, vol. 7, July, 1826) the s and of making Edinburgh a “mart of publication," as

stance of an essay delivered at a literary society in

(From the General Chronicle.) the Mercury has well expressed it, to the whole of the

town, on the fallacy and arrant imposition of this sciel empire. Among the most conspicuous of his publications,


and of seeing, in subsequent numbers of your little and those which will ever be remembered as forming eras

A the small cloud, always cellany, the observations then made confirmed by op

stationary, in the history of letters, were the Edinburgh Review and the

correspondents, I little expected that, after the laps

B the large cloud revolving Waverley novels. The Encyclopædia Britannica was a stu.

round the smaller one;

twelve months, this Goliah of folly should again be brou pendous undertaking; but, perhaps, the work dearest to the

appearance at the open- | forward by the vulgar or credulous.

ing of the morning. man of philosophy and science, of the whole of his publi

C inferred position of the I should not consider the observations of your cor

large cloud at noon, but pondent Cranium, in your last number, worth nolia cations, was the supplement to that Encyclopædia, the con

not visible during the ception of which exhibits another very prominent trait in

broad light of day. had he not taken the most unwarrantable liberty with

D appearance of the large his character. Much in his speculations that appeared

names and sentiments of individual gentlemen belong

eloud at the close of the rash and eccentric to others, was, in truth, the result of


not to a public, but a private association, in town,

E appearance of the large the calculations of an original and vigorous mind-calcu.

arge Scientific Society. If he be a member, he deserves

cloud at midnight. lations too profound to be easily fathomed by the mere

pulsion ; and if a stranger, cannot have the organ of 4

As it is our wish to render whatever we have to commu• titude developed. If he be the beardless youth in tradesman; and such precisely was his undertaking of the

nicate on subjects of art or science as generally intelligible Supplement- a work which was despaired of by many,

corner," who advanced Miss M'Avoy's case as an infal and interesting as possible, we shall carefully avoid the tech. but which, notwithstanding, was eminently successful. picalities by which the plainest facts are frequently ob. testimony of the truth of phrenology, he ought to tell The latter days of Mr. Constable were clouded by dire scured, and endeavour to express ourselves in terms that on the absurdity of his reference, and blush at the i


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of his conclusions. Perhaps the meeting did this for him. | Again, the case of the widows burning themselves is in of experience, and the application of reason, they give I was ably shown that the lady in question pretended not complete refutation of phrenology; for the exertions way, and leave their positions to be occupied by common mly to tell colours by the touch, but also the exact time using, and about to be used, by the proper authorities in sense and her allies. And although the disciples of Southof day, by merely putting her fingers on the ! India, will inevitably put a stop to these horrid sacrifices cote and Mesmer once exulted in the idea of their bant. This is really too much: mankind may bear specious im- to the manes of superstition; thus again evincing that lings being nursed and caressed by all mankind, time has position for a time, without any exertion to expose it; power and influence which education, habit, custom, morals, given proof that the human mind, either strengthened by but when impudence is brought in to support the effusions and religion have on the human soul, without referring to the maxims of true philosophy, or confident in its own of folly, people are roused from their lethargy, the cry is unchangeable bumps on the head for variable and ever. legitimate powers, has blown their delusions to oblivion ; up, and superstition, with its hydra-headed train, is drag. changing effects of moral discipline. The simple instance, thus evincing to the rational and reflecting part of man. red to daylight. Your correspondent is determined to of the Brahmins will for ever destroy the truth of phreno- | kind that no trivial or plausible object, how speciously measurt other people's minds by the standard of his ownlogy, although it is said, modestly, to be established. Sup- soever represented, or how ardently soever supported by

pose all the men in India to become Brahmins, would they vanity or interest, is capable of retarding or diverting the Sereal exertions were made a few weeks ago, both in not have the same scruples? and, in the same manner, all mind when once roused to inquire after truth. Phrengpublic and private, (by Dr. Cameron, at the Lyceum, and those of Africa and all the world, if similarly educated ?logy is on the decline: it never came to the meridian, by two or three members of the Scientific Society, at their If so, what would become of the bumps of destructive and consequently can never culminate ; and its retrograde poms,) to revise this almost totally exploded science in ness ? and, consequently, of any bumps which could be is in a geometrical ratio to that of its direct motion. Liverpool, by repeating a few of the dogmas of its famous not only counteracted in their malign propensities by edu- In the Kaleidoscope alluded to, you, yourself, Mr. projectors, (the quacks, Gall and Co.) assisted by a few of cation, but from infancy rendered null and void by a con- Editor, gave a practical example of the vanity, presumpthe appended absurdities of Mr. Combe, but without trary line of conduct to that which they would indicate? tion, fallacy, and consummate absurdity of this science, effect. After a corrx of lectures at the former, and two But what do organs on the head indicate ? Faculties of which is said to be destined to heal the woes of nations. at the latter place, followed up by two evenings' discussion the mind, truly! and 33 or 40 faculties are thus indicated

Yours, &c. AMICUS JUSTITIÆ. en its merits, this modern luminary was declared to be, by by as many real and imaginary, single or connected, balt P.S. I see some public prints in town are employed by the majority of the members and their friends, “un. or wholly developed protuberances on the skull. Men of

of the antiphrenologists to criticise Dr. Cameron, the great founded ia truth, and totally useless in its effects," there- | the greatest knowledge and experience have fully and ef- champion of bumps in Liverpool. I shall wait a little to

limbo of vanity, where Mes. fectually refuted the system of dividing and subdividing see the issue, before I attempt to put a few queries to that let's animal magnetism, Perry's animal magnetic metal the mind long before Gall or his brother quacks were born,

professor of plaster beads, through the medium of your rectors; where gbosts, goblins, and the legions of legions and I think that neither Cocker nor Euclid can assist the

excellent journal, in whose columns super stition soon or Filemons, fairies, and bugbears of the nursery, have long modern phrenologists to re-establish so preposterous a doc- | late finds, if not a grave, certainly a death wound ! poe before it. Your correspondent, I fear, has not the trine. It is surely more consonant with reason and exbilay ta bring it back; if he do, I trust he may assume perience to consider the mind as one indivisible power,

EDITORIAL CRITICISMS. fietsent impudence to maintain it. He complains of the variably or incidentally directed to different pursuits and burdance of sarcasm used on the above occasion; but occupations, than to divide it into many small compart In the Kaleidoscope of the 3d instant, under the head

the lamben: beams of wit are powerful in the expulsion ments like a pile of barracks for soldiers, or a tract of of " Editorial Mao@uvres, Dreadful Accident Makers, fabardity, the shafts of ridicule are more so, and should transatlantic land for settlers, to be colonized and increased Puffing," &c, we made some observations on the way in felrem ploved by those who can wield them against by time and experience, in certain ratios laid down by the wbich editorial critiques are sometimes "got up," as the

term is. We have now to record a notable instance of Ardology; for no language is too severe, no weapons too sage philosophers, Malthus and M‘Culloch. Your erudite

editorial acumen, communicated by a correspondent of at rid the world of those follies which occupy the correspondent asserts that St. Paul had the same organ the Mercury, in a letter from which we make the followel, and engage our time, to the exclusion of what is before and after his conversion ; this was never doubted ; ing extract. willy rational, useful, and innocently amusing. bnt had he the same feelings of mind, the same views and

THEATRICAL CRITICISM !! Your correspondent will oblige me by naming any sci, motives to action ? At one time he was a cruel, unrelentnoic person in Liverpool who believes the immortal ing persecutor, not following, but breaking the mandates

.“ Possess but faith, 'twill remove a mountain. bindr parcelled out into thirty-three, and recently into of the law; at another, he becomes gentle, calm, moral, intper parts Does Dr. Traill, Mr. Marratt, or Mr. humane, and pious ; and yet, most astonished reader!

It is really amusing, though absolutely disgusting, to Postoe? Does any man of known celebrity in literature, this is merely one and the same feeling. The mur.

I peruse the various, but not less learned, lucubrations of

those who profess, (with what pretensions we shall see sece, or philosophy, in this town, give the least credit derer and the philanthropist; the robber and the honest

presently) to direct and regulate public taste. Many men it? But, on the other hand, is it not entirely mainman; the canting hypocrite and the stern moralist; the cruel are said to have many minds, and hence it doubtless bed by the learned discussions and elaborate effusions tyrant, and the inflexible, uncompromising liberally. happens that what one " gentleman of the press" in Liver.

pool “has no hesitation in pronouncing the most perfect pothecaries' apprentices, deputy assistant-surgeons, minded man,-are the same in principle, and owe their

representation of an ably-drawn and highly-wrought cha. Rance readers, and journey women milliners? In-proof variety to the activity or development of a certain portion

racter, that it has ever been his good fortune to witness." Titleis, he cisely proves that Gall must have discovered of their skulls being differently directed at different times ! another characterizes as being, ** from beginning to end,

veral organs of the mind when a schoolboy, because, Truly, Mr. Editor, if a man ķnock you down in order to false to the true meaning of the author; regardless of Bhooth, a boy incidendy discovered, or rather suggested, rob you, but is obliged to fly by another coming in view, |

hnt is obliged to Av by another coming in view. I propriety, truth, and nature; without ease, and without

discrimination. But what can possibly extenuate the un. Rreatest improvement in the steam-engine. On this who would raise and convey you to your house and friende

mixed effrontery of the wiseacre whose very comments breeological system of reasoning, the apple that fell in would you not reasonably conclude that their motives were

evince his utter ignorance of the subject on which he is 80 le garden where Newton was walking must have had the as different as their conduct? Or could you, in your presumptiously loquacious, and whose impertinent gabble, e of attraction for discovering to that philosopher senses, admit both these actions to proceed from the same while it wholly disqualifies him for the office he has be called the system of matter, but the apple was ac- source, namely, veneration ? None but your correspon

arrogated, is too frequently the occasion of injustice to

better men. Thus a new-fledged sage,“ vigilant as a cat wory te his investigation only. And really no person could dent can make a pure and an impure stream issue at the

to steal cream," made the wonderful discovery, recently, that a Brahmin's skull and that of a Hindoo widow same time from one fountain. According to bumpolo.

that Mr. Vaudenhoff, of all inen,' wanted physical power;" de identically the same, but he who could, unblushingly, gists, the sentiments of Nero and Howard were the same; and, speaking of Mr. Vi's enactment of Coriolanus, our Fing forward, as a person of science, the ridiculous and and yet I should prefer to experience the veneration of the provincial Solomon, with acumen polished as erudite, tile assertions of Miss M'Avoy.. The Brahmins must, one rather than that of the other. Were the priest and

act and observes, that " in the scene where, having incensed the

people, the tribunes order the ædiles to seize and carry scording to phrenology, bave either no organ of destruc. the Levite equally venerable with the good Samaritan ?-

him to the Tarpeian rock, the exclamation, “ No; I'll die eness, if it exist, or completely counter balanced by that only bumpologically so!

here!" with the accompanying action of drawing his oren beration, as they do not kill any thing that has In conclusion, I would advise your correspondent Cra sword with which to kill himself, produced a striking effect, wing: but they cannot all have similarly configurated nium to refrain from any personal or individual allusions; and was loudly applauded;" when it is notorious to every att get they have all the same religious scruples, and for although he at present be armed with Combe's thirty

school-boy that Coriolanus could not do any such thing,

and most of us have sufficient knowledge of Vandenhoffs hese setuples erince the power of education on the mind. six bumps, and like the Newcastle apothecary,

judgment, to suppose, for a moment, that he represented Combe, I find, has discovered three more organs; no

- professing much to wrestle

by action what would so palpably misrepresent his speech. abt these organs will double their number in a generation

Even with his mortar and his pestle,

“No; I'll die here. twe, and colonize not only the head, but the chin, cheeks, yet he may find antagonists who will not scruple to bring

There's some among you have beheld me fighting; N os, as there will be po room on the skull, that being

Come, try upon yourselves what you have seen me." ready fal of bamps. him from behind the counter, where he thinks himself

And yet the contemptible creature, whose unblushing secure, to the full blaze of phrenological admiration. insult tocommon senso is above recited, prates of « fuir de the Narrative of this female impostor by Dr. Ren- secure Mek, of Laverpool. When will Johanna Southeoté cease to Verb. sat.Folly may promulgate, and even impudence and just criticism;" styling himself, by the way, with Sre foliorers, or the kingdom of Liliput be fully explored ? / tenaciously, defend the grossest absurdities ; but in process 'equal truth and modesty, a "* poor critic/"bis wisdom


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wishing to appear most bright when it doth tax itself.” gone to that “bourne from whence no traveller returns." brought to a conclusion. Some time ago the So Of the justice of his criticism we have ample testimony in Therefore, good critics, kind critics, gentle critics, pretty players, who were the challengers, proposed to termi the memorable illustration be has given us of Coriolanus I critics. oh that I knew an epithet that would reach your i

hostilities, whatever might be the result of the next gu "drawing his sword with which to kill-himself!" and of

but this pacific overture was declined by the London his fairness we may forin a tolerably correct estimate from hearts ! have mercy on a pour old woman, who would fain the fact, that though he foolishly libelled both the actor live a little time after she is dead. This is her first offence, and the auditory, he has not yet manifested honesty enough and will be her last, as her days are too far spent to give

METEOROLOGICAL DIARY. to appease them with any expression of his contrition. another life, though she possessed the Crayon of a Geoffrey to sketch with. Should those gentlemen alluded to above

(From the Liverpool Courier.] have no feeling, no compassion on woman kind (especially

| Extreme Thermo-Extreme State oil DILEMMA OF AN AUTHOR. old ones) and consign my poor Dorothy to oblivion, let it

Night. Diorang ring Day. at noon. be done with all gentleness and humanity: don't take her

to pieces bit by bit, for the nibbling of ducks is a luxury 18

62 0 690 W.N W. Fair. SIR,- This is a queer, unsteady world we live in ; above


67 0 S. Rain. compared to the nibbling of critics. Guillotine her at once,

S.W. Cloudy we have sunshine and calm one minute, gloom and storm

and have done, so prays

66 0 N.W. Fair. the next; below we have opinions and feelings as variable;

22 29 76 55 0

66 0

Cloudy. N.B.-I have been told, Mr. Editor, that the Scotts, 23 29 80 58 062 0 71 0 N. what we praise and admire to-day, to-morrow sees it a


24 29 80 60 0 65 0 22 01 S. Fair; very bore. All this, you will say, is quite novel, and cannot annof the Campbells, and the Montgomerys have been so pes

18th,- Very heavy rain during night. tered by the fair sex for contributions to their albums, 'fail of being interesting to our readers if the rest of the

19th,-Rain during night; seven, p.m. heavy showers article is of the same quality. None of your irony, Mr. that now the sight of one gives them a fit of the spleen.

20th,--Heavy showers, ten, a.m. and half.past two, pul

21st,-Nine, p.m. rain. Editor, for I am not in a mood to brook it; my mind is

24th,-Nine, a.m. showers. in a state of mortification and vexation for having bothered

The Beauties of Chess. and puzzled my pericranium in writing an article for a

To Correspondents. Lady's Album, which, when finished with severe study

Ludimus effigiem belli."-VIDA. and great labour of the head, I find is to appear only

THE NIGHT SCENE IN THE INTERIOR OF WESTERN AFRO in a description of Olios, which are gone quite out of


This piece, which was mislaid, has been carefully real fashion. Who could have thought that albums would


and we find it so extremely irregular that we must de ever become a bore, when the Scotts, the Campbells, the 1 Queen ......F-6X 1 King.........H-7

its insertion. Several of the rhymes are quite inadmis 2 Queen ......H-4 2 King......... H-8

and several others have no corresponding rhyme, Montgomerys, &c. &c. gave a value and an interest to

3 Knight ......G-7

3 King......... H-7 many of the lines are too long; the following for inst them which my poor pen could never do? What then? I

4 Pawn .....,G-4

4 King.........H-8 wished to be in good company, and have done my best ;

Along the stream and down yon wild waterfall" | 5 Pawn ...... 5 5 King.........H-7

If W. B. requires it, we will, to justify our decision, what man (or woman either) could have done more? To 6 Knight ......F-5 6 King......... H-8

some other specimens of the defects which have di find what the article should be cost me no little pains, as 7 Queen ......D-4X 7 King.........H-7

rejection of this piece, although it is not a very I have not the gift of rhyming, nor of writiny blank verse,

8 Pawn ......G_6XMATE.

task. · nor of framing a pretty litile plot for a pretty little tale.


The CHASE, FROM BURGEN.-The conclusion of this 41 It would crack my head to write a plot, and the heads of White to win with the pawn in nine moves, without tion, which is prepared in type, is postponed, in of my readers to find it out when written ; and for knowledge taking the castle.

afford the writer an opportunity of revising it. It of character, (which a tale requires,) I verily believe I

ten in a most careless manner, and our compositor

been compelled to leave out several words, at which - cannot read my own aright; if I could, I should not at.


could not even guess. If the writer will take the ti tempt to occupy the columns of your Kal. Not to keep

to send for the proof, his messenger will find it in you nor your readers in longer suspense as to what my

him at our office, directed J. B-k
Vg3 a

r. When be me brains did produce, be it known that it is neither more

it, we hope he will give it a careful general reak

which it stands very much in need, as we must a por less than a preface to a Dorothy Scamper that is not

liberty to observe to the writer, that as it now read yet born, and, for the comfort of my readers, never will

much inferior to the preceding portion. It abound be.-Now, Mr. Editor, as albums are quite out of date,

strange, and, we think, inadmissible expressions, of do let me cut a figure in your publication, which I hope

we could point out a score. What does a "steady si and trust will never go out of fashion, nor becoine a bore.

or “a cloud of swarthy fed” mean? and what is"

hand strayer " &c.; and we put it to the author bo Who can tell but my preface, with a little alteration of

ror can chill such nerve and bone ? names, &c. &c. (such things are in the literary world,)

SPECIMENS OF THE ELDER POETS.- As we are of opinid may serve some poor scribbler who has his book ready to

our readers will relish the series of literary specim be launched, but at a dead loss for a preface? If mine sets

mised us by Percival Melburne, we shall make a beg him afloat he will bless his stars and the Kaleidoscope. I

next week with the preface and the pieces of Carew. am anxious to finish, but am at a loss how to designate

MRS. MEEK'S INTRODUCTION TO THE MYTHOLOGY OF THE what I am writing. What say you to-a prelude to a pre

AND ROMANS.We intend, in our next publication, face? I think there is some novelty in this.

some account of this very excellent work. PREFACE TO DOROTHY SCAMPER.

Music. We have by us for insertion in turn, plece . It is usual for authors, whether of the masculine or feminine gender, to give their readers some why or where.

M-X.-S. C. J. of Shrewsbury-S. S. of Mancheste A B C D E F G H

Mr. Platt of our Blind Asylum. fore they have sent their bantling (alias, a book) into


The Song of C. Johnson is intended for the next Kaleidd public notice. Unfortunately for the writer, a good why is not within her reach ; the best she has is at their

PHRENOLOGY.We have given precedence to the se

Amicus Justitiæ, because we received it first: the service, which is neither more nor less than a want of MATCH AT CHESS BETWEEN LONDON & EDINBURGH.

B-k-r shall be inserted in our next publication. wil; if there had not been a great lack of that commo

The members of the London Chess Club celebrated their EDITORIAL QUACKERY.In compliance with the reg dity, would a poor old wounan have ventured to exhibit ... summer festival last week, at the Ship Tavern, Greenwich.

Fair Play, we have given insertion to the letter res the interior of her head in an age that can boast of a Mr. M.Gilvray presided on this occasion, and was ably the notable criticism of a cotem porary upon Mr Walter Scott and a Geoffrey Crayon? If the author of Do- supported by Mr. Domett, the Secretary to the London

hoff's Coriolanus; and we assure our correspondenti rothy Scamper had but had an opportunity of submitting Club. Among many appropriate toasts given at this meet.

is quite in keeping with many other specimens in her head for inspection to some knowing craniologist ere she ing, one was, “ The health of their gallant adversaries,

same source. the members of the Edinburgh Chess Club," who have had undertaken the life and adventures of the said Dorothy,

now, in the match conducted by correspondence, main-OUR NEXT SUPPLEMENTAL Sheet will enable us to foll perbaps the bumps (or the want of them) on her head would

tained the field against the united talents of the London suggestion of A Friend and Constant Reader, to whi have saved her some bumps from the critics. If the bump of Chess Club for upwards of three years. Two games of

feel much indebted for the favourable opinion he ol

pleased to express of our work. observation only had been wanting, I verily believe it would this singular match hare been depending, of which one is have sufficed, and Dorothy, with all her pranks and mis- in its nature drawn, and the other is in an advanced state,

We have further to acknowledge the communication haps, would have passed into oblivion. Oblivion ! that without any material advantage having been gained by

D.--Anon.—A Chess Player. either party. The next game won by either Club will de. dreaded oblivion, at which nature shrinks, and which it is

cide the match; but as games played with critical circum. beir to, has stimulated the writer (after having seen sixty spection on both sides must frequently be drawn, the con. Printed, published, and sold, EVERY TUESDA sommers) to try if she can't live a little while after she is test may still rival the Trojan war in duration, before it is E. SMITH & Co. 75, Lord street, Liverpool

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Scientific Notices, | masts of ships, is an invention of the greatest importance to the the high testimonials of approbation which immediately Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve- gallantmasts of any vessel may be struck and raised again in Linvention.

interests of navigation, as, by means thereof, the top and top-followed seem the best praise which can be given to the mienta in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sin a few minutes, by the most simple process, without either gul Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanical, Phi- difficulty or danger.

• The Commissioners appointed by the Right Honour. losophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mineralogical Phenomena, or singular Facts in Natural History;

And this Committee do therefore strongly recommend the able the Lords of the Admiralty, to meet Mr. Rotch, the egetation, &c; Antiquities, &c. adoption of it by shipowners in general.

barrister, on board his Majesty's ship Prince Regent, to The Patent Lever Fids have met with the decided ap. witness the effect of his very ingenious invention, the Lever ROTCH'S PATENT LEVER FID,

probation of the Lords of the Admiralty, who immediately Fid, met at Chatham, on Saturday, the 19th February, INSTANTLY STRIKING THE TOPMASTS OR TOPGALLANT

ordered several ships of war to be fitted with them, and for that purpose. Mr. Rotch arrived the day before, and MASTS OP SHIPS.

have since determined to introduce them generally into having been introduced by Captain Parry, who commands Patent Fid, which we are about to describe, is an | the Royal navy.

the Prince Regent, proceeded with Mr. Cole, the first estion of such obvious utility, both in an individual) The peculiar properties of these Fids are, that when it is lieutenant, to inspect the manner in which the Fids had

s national point of view, that we have been induced required to strike the topmast, the strength of one man is been fitted. Mr. Rotch having satisfied himself of the standuce the following article into the scientific de always sufficient to take out the Fids; and when it is re- very perfect manner in which that work had been percent of the Kaleidoscope. So highly is this invention quired to get the mast on end again, the very act of fidding formed, made a variety of experiments, and went through precated, that patents have been taken out for it the mast sets all the rigging taught again, and only re- several manæuvres with the Fids, by way of a preparatory Igbout the baritime countries of Europe, and in the quires the strength of two men, unless the ship be of a rehearsal, and on the following day (Saturday) at Twelve, States of America. Large models, explanatory of much larger class than ordinary merchantmen.

o'clock, the officers named in the commission, together unde of working the Fid, may be seen at the office of

This invaluable invention is at once new, useful, neat with several officers of the dock-yard, who were also oro Liverpool agent, Mr. Baines, Wellington-buildings,

in its appearance, and so very simple in its construction, dered by the Lords of the Admiralty to attend, and some that it can never get out of order. One set of fids will naval officers of distinction, who were attracted by curiosity, probably serve for twenty ships successively, and, conse- repaired on board the Prince Regent. The topgallanta quently, the expense trifling, on account of their dura. masts were on end, the rigging taught set up, and not a bility.

single man aloft, when Captain Parry gave the order to The Patent Lever Fids may be applied to any ship with strike topmasts and topgallantmasts, and in exactly two out any alteration in her topmast or fid-holes, and may be minutes and a half from the time the word was given, the fitted by any ship's carpenter. It would be endless to whole six masts were struck. It should be observed, that name all the various situations in which the Patent Lever this included the time required for men to get from the Fids would be of important service to navigators ; the deck to the topmast heads, all hands being on deck when most prominent, and those of most frequent occurrence, the word was given. are the following:

“ It really appeared like magic: at one moment, every 1. When a sharp ship catches aground on a rapidly mast was in its place, and every rope strained tight, and,

falling tide, she often falls over before the topmasts can be the next, the masts were down, and the rigging in com\F The carriage on which they The gods of the trestle

got down, particularly if the topgallantmasts are on end plete confusion; and, wbat rendered the effect the more rest. 11 The topmast.

at the time; whereas, with the Patent Lever Fids, the imposing, was the fact, that only four men in each top, plece of hard onk put up- KKK The lower mast head. moment it is ascertained that the ship cannot be got off, and one at each topmast-head, went aloft to perform this flatbe fid plate.

L L The cross-trees, with the the topmasts and topgallantmasts may all be struck in one sudden manœuvre. The instantaneous striking of the The two levers which top above. minute, before the tide can have ebbed an inch.

topmasts is all that Mr. Rotch professes to perform by his Port the mast.

mm The latches which keep te trunnions or axes of the levers in their place when

2. In sudden squalls of wind, when ships are riding at very ingenious invention : but such is the immense power the topmast is on end. anchor, or in any roadsted, they may strike their topmasts, of his Fid, that, at the request of Captain Parry, the main

close reef their topsails, and be ready to set them again at topmast was fidded again in three minutes, without startROTCH'S PATENT LEVER FID,

a moment's notice should the cable give way, or should it ing a landyard, the Lever Fids straining the rigging as * Ships and other Vessels may Strike their Topmasts, or

be necessary to slip the cable, on account of other ships taught as it was before, and bringing every thing to its lastmasts, at any time, in less than one minute, and fid again in less than five minutes, without slacking a land

driving on board of them. If the ship should only be proper place again, as if the mast had never been struck. er farting any other part of the rigging attached to them. waiting for the storm to blow over to put to sea, this need The Committee and every competent judge on board the

not deter the captain from striking his topmasts, as, the Prince Regent expressed their unqualified approbation of e patentee begs to draw the attention of nautical meu moment they are fidded again, the rigging being set up the invention. bers to the following opinions of the Elder Brethren

taught by the very act of fidding, he may carry sail on her " With Mr. Rotch's Lever Fid, ten men are sufficient, the Trinity House, and of the Committee of the Shipat once.

in the worst weather, to unfid the maintopmast of the largest res Saciety in London.

3. In gales of wind at sea, the upper masts may be first-rate line-of-battle-ship in the English pavy; a m De have to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of

struck and got up again at pleasure with the Patent Lever neuvre, which, with Fids on the ordinary plan, requires ca instant, and having laid the same before the Board,

Fid, while the advantage of this mancuvre to ships that the united exertion of the whole ship's company, and rested in reply thereto, to state, that although this Cor. um bas not had an opportunity of witnessing the pracare light handed will be incalculable.

| instances have been known where even their joint efforts lication of Rotch's Patent Lever Fid, the Elder Permission was recently given the patentee to make an have proved unavailing. Lores, from the model submitted by you, are of opinion experiment upon the Prince Regent, (of 120 guns) Captain « The naval officers named in the commission were TERDOR Mill prove very useful.

Parry, who, together with several other competent officers, Captain Parry, of the Prince Regent; Captain Mingay, of (Signed)

J. HERBERT. That in the opinion of this Committe. Rotch's were appointed to examine into its effects. An account of the Hyperion; and Captain Clavering, of the Red Wing : krar Fid, for striking the topmusta and topgallant- the proceedings which then took place is subjoined, and and the officers of the dock-yard, who attended by order

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of the Lords of the Admiralty, were, Mr. Payne, master | most universal and lasting renown, are, in fact, little else novelty I introduce, is a different arrangement of di attendant, Mr. Millions, assistant master attendant, Mr. than a collection of fables, in which the agency of these matter,

e agency of these matter, which is, as much as the elenients of nature, co Weekes and Mr. Hawke, master shipwright's assistant, beings is uniformly recognised, animated by the spirit,

mon property, to be used when and how we please.

Although my resolution was taken, and the nature and Mr. Lair.”

and embellished with the graces of poetry. Every step my task foreseen, I still had not confidence enough in 1 The Patentee has received many letters from the cap

| which the youthful student takes in the attainment of clas- own ability to produce a book that should so far comma tains of ships, fitted with Rotch's Lever Fids, expressing their decided approbation of them. The following is one :

sical lore, makes him more familiar with their names and the public opinion as to cover the charges of publicati actions; but if he has had no previous acquaintance with

with 'I was not in a situation to encounter risk, and I, the "Ship Emerald, London, July 19, 1826.

1 fore, solicited and obtained, what I deemed a suffici "SIR, – The patent Fids which you lately fitted on board

their history, there is the greatest danger that his imagi. number of subscribers to indemnify me from loss. I the Emerald, for striking topmasts were found to be of such nation will be excited, while his judgment will suffer in a next step was to put my papers, for revision. into 1 essential service, that I fully believe they were the preservar corresponding degree. To remedy this defect, several small hands of gentlemen whose education and studies had ma tion of the above ship, in the Rio de la Plata, in January last.

uthology, which them familiar with every branch of heathen mytholo *** She was coming out of Ensenada Creek, with her cargo on

1 They were unwilling to discourage me; but I quid with the assistance of judicious teachers, have, doubtless, board, when a gale came on from the north-west, at the top

discovered that my mass of detached extracts and cast of the tide, which fallsimmediately with that wind. The ship

been useful in preventing, to a certain extent, many bad observations required the tact of experience to give the took the ground on the bar: a heavy swell setting in rendered effects on the minds of the young, from the cause above an attractive form. I had reduced them to a certain her situation very dangerous. We had only seven men on stated. But these sources of information have been gene-gree of order, but much was yet wanting, both of mati board at the time, with which small number the fore and ally of so mearre a character, as to lead to confusion and and method, to complete the maintopmasts were struck with great ease, in less than fifteen

to give up my design ; nor did I think it creditable doubt, where it was desirable to obtain a satisfactory soluminutes. The ship being relieved from so much top weight,

shrink from difficulties. Benefiting, therefore, by th did not strain nor make any water. I am convinced that,

d that. tion of difficulties. We have therefore much pleasure in hints I had received, I set about my work anew, enlarge without those fids, we could not have struck the masts, introducing to the notice of our readers a work which con | my plan, and modelled it so as to admit of the improve which, in all probability, would have been the loss of the ship, tains the most ample information on this subject, written ments suggested to me.. as she lay much upon her sides. by a lady, and executed in a manner highly creditable to

I commenced under favourable circumstances, an "I should, therefore, recommend all ships going to open

elated at the progress I made, I began to print as soon roadsteds to be provided with them, so much depending on

her talents and taste. It is preceded by a copious intro- | I had copy enough ready for a few sheets of letter tre their utility. "I remain, &c.

duction, sketching the origin and progress of idolatry in But I had, unfortunately, overrated my leisure and a «C.W. NOCKELLS, various parts of the world, particularly among the Greeks strength. Grievous interruptions came in the shape Master of the Emerald."

and Romans; showing its influence on the habits and sickness, anxieties, and embarrassments of various d character of ancient nations, and its association, in modern

odern scriptions. These produced alternately delay and bum DIRECTIONS FOR FITTING THE PATEXT LEVER

so that, although'my book has been very long in hand, FIDS. times, with painting, sculpture, architecture, poetry, and

is, in reality, the offspring of haste, brought Torth amid 1st. Fit the Fid-plate in the topmast, the turned-up music. The work itself is divided into three chapters, disquietudes which are utter foes to accuracy both ends to be let in, flush with the side of the mast; fit a which, again, are subảivided into a number of sections. thought and expression. piece of hard oak, end ways of the grain, in the middle of the first chapter, extending to sixty pages. relates to what I do not, by any means, int

| The first chapter, extending to sixty pages, relates to what I do not, by any means, intend this statement i the Fid-hole, to be nearly as large as the nose of the Lever

is usually termed the Golden Age, and comprises the

he apology for the imperfections of my book. Apologia will allow.

such cases are vain and foolish things; but I have thoug 2d. Rit the carriage to the trestle-tree. fush with the history of Saturn, Atlas, the War of the Giants, &c. &c. it due, as a mark of respect to my friends. several of who inside of it; let the carriage lie firm on the trestle-tree, with an account of Elysiuin and the Infernal Regions. have long ago paid their subscriptions; nor could I, si with a piece of patent felt or tarred paper under it. The second chapter, which forms the body of the work, satisfaction to myself, have acknowledged my obligatio

3d. Fit a small carlin, 'from cross-tree to cross-tree, to receive the latch, which is to keep the Fid down, about 3!

I gives a complete view of the principal deities of the Greeks to my subscribers 'generally for the kindness of their so
Land Romans, and is peculiarly interesting to both the delaved the appearance of the work.

port, without an explanation of the causes which hi inches by 21, and this should be as near the rings as convenient.

classical and the general reader. The last chapter is of a There is yet another, and to me, I fear, a serious Ches 4th. Be careful to give each Fid an equal bearing miscellaneous character, and presents an outline of the which has had its full share in the delay. In this ca

When the Fid-plates are sent turned up only at one end, rural divinities--the Graces--the Muses-the gods of Peace, whatever may be the consequences, the blanie is whe any blacksmith can turn up the other, when the diameter of the heel of the mast is exactly known. War, Victory, Fame, Medicine, &c. and of the demi. with me. The truth is, I went hastily to press Find

having duly estimated and compared the size and gettu It sometimes happens that the old fid-hole, having had gods and heroes. A copious index to the whole is added. I

up of the volume with the price I had originally put up a wooden Fid, is too large, in which case, two pieces of On a general perusal, we have no hesitation in de- it. Sometime afterwards, I learnt, in a conversation hard oak may be put in, one at each side, so as not to claring it to be the most attractive as well as the most my bookseller, that, from the probable extent to whi allow the Fid too much play; and, if necessary, a piece of instructive work of the kind that has fallen under our the subject would run, he thous

e ot' five shillit wood' may be put on the trestle-tree, under the carriage:

notice; and we strongly recommend it to those parents

ce noronte could not clear the charges of publication. This was but in no case whatever must a loose piece of wood be put

alarming and discouraging difficulty, and certainly mat upon the Fid-plate. and guardians who are desirous that the objects of their

all less mortifying for being the effect of my own preci 'When one of the rails at the head of the topmast is not care should learn something more than bare names, ortancy. I had no right to raise the amount of the subscri long enough to fix the latch in the usual way, a bar of the meaning of words. We would gladly make some in. tion, and the only way left, parıly to obviate this einbe iron, bent as in the annexed drawing, may be used.

teresting extracts, as a specimen of the manner in which it rassing circumstance, was, by compressing the remaior is executed, but for the present must content ourselves

matter into as small a compass as possible, which I accot

ingly did, though not without much additional laba with giving the preface, only premising that the fair author Bit' what gay

But what gave me most vexation, was, the unavoidal apologizes for defects which will be perceptible to few be abandonment of my original plan; for I was obliged sides herself. Edit. Kal.

break into the classification of my subjects, to omit sol and to shorten others. Yet, notwithstanding these!

toward occurrences, I venture to express my beliet, !! It is now many years since I began to make selections the work is calculated to convey, to the class of readers from books of Mythology for the instruction of my own whom it is intended, a competent insight into the sun

children. I little imagined, at that time, that the matter ot which it professes to treat; and that it will prova Literature.

thus collected would, thereafter, form the basis of a book useful auxiliary in the school-room both of public teacık to be written by me. It has since been my fortune to be.

and private families. come a public teacher, and in that capacity I have found One word more on the sources from whence my mu An Introduction to the Mythology of the Greeks and these extracts very serviceable to me. All persons I have | rials are drawn. In compiliny a volume that may ging

Romana, intended for the Use of Young Persons of both conversed with, especially teachers both public and pri- clear conception of the nature of the heathen gods, apie Sexes. By Mrs. MEEK. Pp. 364. Manchester, 1827.

vate, have lamented the want of an unobjectionable elemen- general principles of their worshin, it is not indispensiy

tary book on the Grecian mythology, which might withi i requisite to know the languages of ancient Greece 12mo. 73. 64.See ado.

safety be placed in the hands of young persons. Had i Rome, or to be master of all the learning which is est

formerly met with such a book, I should have been spared on these topics. The ancient writings that have escay Although the mythology of the ancient heathen, or, in the troublesome business of separating, for the informa- the destroyers, time and barbarism, and that a other words, the worship of fabulous deities, has for many tion of my daughters, the useful parts of mythological most direct and soundest information on pagan myu ages ceased to exist, yet an accurate acquaintance with knowledge, from that which is of a contrary tendency, and are very few. The great mass of learning ba the supre the nature and origin of that singular system is indis. To the present hour, seen a compilation wholly free from

which does not of necessity belong to it. But I have not, is purely incidental, and chiefly composed of pensible to a right understanding of ancient history, and those offensive details, which wound delicacy, and do not sent day, very ample stores for such an "

tures and opinions of individuals. There to a proper conception of the numerous allusions which improve the understanding.

books of our own language, the compositions of are made to it in almost every thing connected with lite. These considerations induced me to examine more and ingenious men, who have taken care to rature and the arts. The elementary treatises employed minutely my own selections, and the result was, a de. their faces from the best authorities. These ha in the classical instruction of youth, are often records of termination to arrange them for publication. The desire guides; and as all writers on mythology are: " the exploits of those fictitious characters whom the super

to produce a useful work is in itself a laudable feeling. copiers of each other, I, in imitation of my be

My present attempt will scarcely deserve the reproach of used the general privilege without limit al stition of mankind had invested with supernatural powers ; presumption, when it is perceived, that my chief aim is scruple. and even those works of antiquity which have obtained the the humble one of removing defects; and that the only! Didsbury, Dec. 28, 1826.

hs of individuals. There are, in the pi

cores for such an undertaking

unor my betters, ba out limit and witho

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