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But as


And whene'er on the bully ye call,
the word Firz, or Ferzin, signifies an officer of state, a

Ehe Bouquet.
He is ready to give ye a fall;

vizier. This word was, by the French, converted into Bat if long in the battle with him you should be, Fierge and Vierge, and the piece so named was subse- " I have here only made a nosegay of culled powers, and hong The weaker are you, and the stronger is he, quently called lady, or queen.- London papers.

brought nothing of my own but the thread that ties them." For Syr Tankard is victor of all.

We are often highly diverted with the information which A barley-corn ear he mounts for a spear,

the learned Cockney writers condescend to offer for the WASHINGTON IRVING'S LIFE OF COLUMBUS His helmet with hops is hung;

edification of us poor country folks. In the present in. He lights the eye with a laughing leer,

stance we may, perhaps, fail in gratitude to our metropo. With a carol he tips the tongue : litan guides, as we happened to know the facts commu.

(Continued from page 267.) And he marshals a valiant host

nicated at least a score of years since. The paragraph states, or spices, and crabs, and toast ;

that "chess-players in general are not aware that the piece The following parts of this work, describing Co When he leads them

in beakers and jugs to the foe ; ' be true, because a man may be a chess-player, and a good tion before the pedants at Salamanca, are extremely And the stoutest of yeomen they well can o'erthrow, called the Queen originally bore another title.” This may lumbus's first appearance in Spain, and his examinaAnd Syr Tankarde his prowess may boast.

player too, who knows nothing at all about the origin or

history of the game; but the circumstance, and much interesting. The following bagatelle, which we have copied from the on the subject of chess is not very limited indeed. In the more on the subject, must be familiar to those whose reading

“The first trace we have of him in Spain, is in the von Weekly Review, is as good a specimen in its way Studies of Chess, vol. 2, p. 362, the name of the Queen, testimony furnished a few years after his death, in the se recollect to have met with.

with its corresponding English word, is given in four of celebrated lawsuit between his son Don Diego and the the Eastern languages, thus :

crown, by Garcia Fernandez, a physician resident in the ABJURATION DU ROI DE POLOGNE.

The Queen is called, in Sanscrit, MANTRI (Prime Minittle sea-port of Palos de Moguer, in Andalusia. About


half a league from that town stood, and stands at the abjure de bon cæur Le Pape et son empire


Persian VIZIER (General, or her, nouveau docteur Est l'objet qui m'attire,

Prime Minister.) present day, an ancient convent of Franciscan friars, dedi. jabandonne en forme Et sa regle et sa loi


Chinese Tou (a Counsellor.) cated to Santa Maria de Rabida. According to the testihar et sa reforme Oot tout pouvoir sur moi,


Burmha CHEKOY (a General.)mony of the physician, a stranger on foot, accompanied mbattrai toujours Les feux du purgatoire

by a young boy, stopped one day at the gate of the conter et ses discours Sont ceux que je veux croire, ut que j'extermine Et le Pape et sa cour

Nutural Phenomenon in Cornwall.-In the parish of vent, and asked of the porter a little bread and water for her et sa doctrine Ont ma plus tendre amour.

St. Austle, there is a singular phenomenon ; it is the ap. his child. While receiving this humble refreshment, the The Beauties of Chess.

about three-quarters of a mile west of the town. In the happening to pass by, was struck with the appearance of pearance of light near the turnpike-road at Hill Head, prior of the convent, Priar Juan Perez de Marchena, summer season it is rarely seen ; but in the winter, par

ticularly in the months of November and December, the stranger; and, observing from his air and accent that ** Ludimus effigiem belli."-VIDA.

scarcely a dark night passes in which it is not visible. It he was a foreigner, entered into conversation with bim, and

appears of a yellow hue, and seems to resemble a small soon learnt the particulars of his story. That stranger SOLUTION TO STUDY CLXX.

fame. It is generally stationary, and when it moves it was Columbus, accompanied by his young son Diego."

wanders but very little from its primitive spot, sometimes Vol. i. p. 95, 96. 1 Knight ... E-7X 1 King ......B-8

mounting upward, and then descending to the earth. As 2 Castle ......D-8X 2 Bishop......C-8

it has frequented this spot from time immemorial, it is Having described the circumstances which enabled Knight ...C_6X

3 King A-8 now rendered so familiar that it alm.ost ceases to excite Columbus to appear at the Spanish court, the histoKnight ...E-5

4 King ...B-8 attention. It is somewhat remarkable, that, although rian presents his readers with a clever sketch of the Knight ...C-4

5 King ......A-8

many attempts have been made to discover it in the place Knight ...4-3

6 King

of its appearance, every effort has hitherto failed of suc- principal personages who figured there. Knight ...B–5

7 King ......A-8 Pasn ......A-4 8 King ...B-8

On approaching the spot, it becomes invisible to the kings, queens, and courtiers are much less interesting

pursuers, even while it remains luminous to those who than great men, we forbear quoting any thing about 9 Pawa ......A-5

9 King

watch it at a distance. To trace its exact abode, a level 0 Parn ......A-6

10 King ..B-8 Il Castle ......E-8

11 King ...... A-8

has been taken during its appearance, by which the Ferdinand and Isabella, who have already had their 12 Knight......C-7X

12 King

curious have been guided in their researches the ensuing share of celebrity. It may, however, be amusing to

day; but nothing has hitherto been discovered. To ac iutroduce Columbus to our readers, as he appeared 13 Pawd ......A-7XMATE.

count for this phenomenon, superstition has had recourse

to supernatural agency; but before reason will adopt before the Council of the University of Salamanca, like to move, and check on the fifth move with one means. It is supposed by some to be of a phosphoric as the genuine prototype of most modern universities.

such a conclusion, it will be disposed to examine natural which, for absurdity and bigotry, may be regarded pawn, and checkmate on the sixth with the other. nature, and occasioned by some effluvia emitted from Our readers will observe the inveterate propensity of

the earth in that particular spot where it appears, and Black,

which a certain degree of darkness is necessary to render learned bodies to oppose authority to reason, and to visible. It is probable, also, that during the summer prefer the stupid opinions of St. Augustine and Lac

season, when it is less frequently seen than in the winter tantius, to the testimony of science and the senses. у я о а з эн

months, these effluvia may be less copious, or the rays of
light which remain in the atmosphere may be too strong The greater part of this learned junto, it is very pro-

to permit it to shine. It has been considered also as an bable, came prepossessed against him, as men in place and
indication of some metallic substance concealed in the dignity are apt to be against poor applicants. There is
bowels of the hill.

always a proneness to consider a man under examination METEOROLOGICAL DIARY.

as a kind of delinquent, or impostor, whose faults and

errors are to be detected and exposed. Columbus, too, O (From the Liverpool Courier.]

appeared in a most unfavourable light before a scholastie body; an obscure navigator ; member of no learned insti. tution ; destitute of all the trappings and circumstances

which sometimes give oracular authority to dulness; and 30 10

depending upon the mere force of natural genius. Some of the junto entertained the popular notion that he was

an adventurer, or, at best, a visionary, and others had that S.S.E. Fair.

morbid impatience of any innovation upon established

0 | E.S.E. Cloudy. doctrine, which is apt to grow upon dull and pedantic men

14th, -Very stormy during night; snow from Ave, a.m. to in cloistered life. What a striking spectacle must the hall

noon: seven, p.m. rain.
18th,-Slight fall of rain, eight, p.m.

of the old convent have presented at this memorable conWHITE

ference! A simple mariner, standing forth in the midst Tide Cable.

of an imposing array of professors, friars, and dignitaries MISNOMER OF THE QUEEN OF CHESS.

of the church, maintaining his theory with natural elo

Days. Morn. Even Helght. Festivals, &c. hess-players are not generally aware, that the piece

quence, and, as it were, pleading the cause of the New ed the Queen originally bore another title, and that, Tuesday

World. We are told, that when he began to state the a corruption of terms, its sex has been changed from

Wednesday 27 9 le to female. The game of chess is of Eastern origin, Thursday 28 9 52 10 10 13 10

grounds of his belief, the friars of St. Stephen alone paid lit will readily be supposed, that to permit the repre- Friday ....29 10 29 10 4615 2

attention to him; that convent being more learned in the

sevening. tation of a woman to move about in uninterrupted Saturday.. li 311 1916 David. Full Moon, Ch.40m: sciences than the rest of the university. The others apdom, even on a chess-board, would be repugnant to Stonday: :: 311 35 11 59liž i 2d Sunday in Lent. Chad. peared to have intrenched themselves behind one dogged Lal notions of propriety. In the Persian language, Tuesday 4 0 23 0 3918 3

position, that, after so many profound philosophers and






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sosmographers had been studying the form of the world, bides of animals; and that St. Paul, in his epistle to the character of the work, which is by no means deficien and so many able navigators had been sailing about it for Hebrews, compares the heavens to a tabernacle, or tent, merit, we are afraid it will be found that the inten several thousand years, it was a great presumption in an extended over the earth, which they thence inferred must faculties of the author have been borne down by a ordinary man to suppose that there remained such a vast be flat. Columbus, who was a devoutly religious man, of unmanageable materials. Had he given his discovery for him to make. Several of the objections op. found that he was in danger of being convicted, not merely freer play, and occasionally allowed himself a teme posed by this learned body have been handed down to us, of error, but of beterodoxy. Others, more versed in sci. oblivion of the British Museum, he would have and have provoked many a sneer at the expense of the ence, admitted the globular form of the earth, and the more successful in his fiction, and, perhaps, not less til university of Salamanca. But these are proofs, not so possibility of an opposite and inhabitable hemisphere ; in his fact. His great anxiety is to overlook nothing much of the peculiar deficiency of that institution, as of but they brought up the chimera of the ancients, and research has offered him; and he accordingly worke the imperfect state of science at the time, and of the man. maintained that it would be impussible to arrive there, in the tissue of some of his stories much that might be ner in wbich knowledge, though rapidly extending, was consequence of the insupportable heat of the torrid zone. vantageously omitted. Perhaps the most meritoris still impeded in its progress by monastic bigotry. All Even granting this could be passed, they observed, that his sketches are amplifications of some of Shake subjects were still contemplated through the obscure me. the circumference of the earth must be so great as to re. most humorous heroes-Master Robert Shallow, dium of those ages when the lights of antiquity were quire at least three years to the voyage, and those who stance—is he not painted with a somewhat Shake trampled out, and faith was left to fill the place of inquiry. should undertake it must perish of hunger and thirst, skill? Bewildered in a maze of religious controversy, mankind from the impossibility of carrying provisions for so long a “ In the first floor, then, was seated Master Robert had retraced their steps, and receded from the boundary period. He was told on the authority of Epicurus, that, low, at his judicial studies; for the sunbeans line of ancient knowledge. Thus, at the very threshold admitting the earth to be spherical, it was only inhabitable through his stained glass windows, upon a folie of the discussion, instead of geographical objections, Co. in the northern hemisphere, and in that section only was law text, which was mounted upon a high det

baok, bound in red velvet, and written in a straig lumbus was assailed with citations from the Bible and the canopied by the heavens; that the opposite half was a him. There was not, in the whole apartment, el Testament, the book of Genesis, the psalms of David, chaos, a gulph, or a mere waste of water. Not the least lar a piece of furniture as the desk in which the the Prophets, the Epistles, and the Gospels

. To these were absurd objection advanced, was, that should a ship even student was seated : but such as are acquainted on added, the expositions of various saints and reverend com succeed in reaching, in this way, the extremity of India, works, may have a tolerable conception of it. mentators, St. Chrysostome and St. Augustine, St. Jerome she could never get back again ; for the rotundity of the formed of dark brown oak, richly carved into Gotha and St. Gregory, St. Basil and St. Ambrose, and Lactan- globe would present a kind of mountain, up which it nacles, pointed arches, &c.; and in size was some tius Firmianus, a redoubted champion of the faith. Doc. would be impossible for her to sail with the most favour- between a four-posted bedstead and a churchwa trinal points were mixed up with philosophical discussions, able wind."-Vol. i. p. 119, 125.

pew; both of which it very much resembled. It and a mathematical demonstration was allowed no truth,

tered by a side door, and within it were two if it appeared to clash with a text of scripture, or a com

The following is Columbus's description of the crimson damask, with a double desk placed by

them, over which bung a brass lamp; while ang mentary of one of the Fathers. Thus the possibility of scenery of Cuba :antipodes in the southern hemisphere, an opinion so gene name of Puerto Santo, is a specimen of his vi vid and art resembling those of a hearse, and the roof wa

His description of one place, to which he gave the was a sort of lining, or curtain, formed of rich try

Above, the erection was carved into large cakes rally maintained by the wisest of the ancients, as to be less feeling for the beauties of nature

. The amenity of trived as to answer the purpose of a bookcase, being pronounced by Pling the great contest between the learned this river, and the clearness of the water, through which with large volumes bound in coloured velvet and the ignorant, became a stumbling.block with some of the sages of Salamanca. Several of them stoutly contra: palm-trees of various forms, the highest and most beauti: few and coarse clothes of the time.-although it the sand at the bottom may be seen; the multitude of broidered canvas covers. The remainder of the day

was furnished with an oaken settle, or bedstead, dicted this basis of the theory of Columbus, supporting ful that I have met with, and an intinity of other great the custom for all ranks to sleep naked, themselves by quotations from Lactantius and St. Augus. tine, who were considered, in these days, as almost evan.

and green trees; the birds rich plumage, and the verdure chair or two, with a massive table, a large carne gelical authority. But, though these writers were men of of the fields, -render this country, most Serene Princes, press, with a few empty flagons, chalices, ani consummate erudition, and two of the greatest luminaries of such marvellous beauty, that it surpasses all others in stood in the back ground, near the enormous din

" In this inner study then sat Master Robert of what has been called the golden age of ecclesiastical / charms and graces, as the day doth the night in lustre. dressed in a long black robe, with a close circa

For which reason I often say to my people, that, much as and before him were the ancient statutes of West learning, yet their writings were calculated to perpetuate darkness in respect to the sciences.

I endeavour to give a complete account of it to your Ma Merton, and Marlebridge, which he was ostensibly “ The passage cited from Lactantius, to confute Colum. jesties, my tongue cannot express the whole truth, nor my ing; though now and then the sun glanced uppoa bus, is in a strain of gross ridicule, unworthy of so grave pen describe it ; and I have been so overwhelmed at the little folio manuscript of Chaucer's Poems, at that a theologian. • Is there any one so foolish,” he asks, as sight of so much, beauty, that I have not known how to Matthew of Westminster's Flowers of History, te

relate it."-Vol. i. p. 300. to believe that there are antipodes with their feet opposite

fashionable and favourite book of the day. Thus va

young lawyer cmployed, and in the following marze to ours; people who walk with their heels upward and

he conduct his studies. their heads hanging down ?-that there is a part of the


*** By the bones ! | marvel much why tbis fan world in which all things are topsy-turvy ; where the trees CHIEFLY ILLUSTRATIVE OF TAB MANNERS, TRADITIONS, AND mine keeps me mewed up in a dark inn, to learn code grow with their branches downward, and where it rains,

and knavery from old law books; when a’ should have hails, and shows upward ? The idea of the roundness of

at court a twelvemonth, or an eighteen month peke

(From the London Weekly Review.] the earth,' he adds, ' was the cause of inventing this fable

brave gallant ; or, in France, like a true soldier

if 'twere not for some swinge-bucklers that I wa of the antipodes with their heels in the air ; for these phi- Whatever opinion may be entertained of the fancy or

good a deed as drink to Capitale losophers, having once erred, go on in their absurdities, originality of the author of these tales, no reader will Secto.-Murdrum de cætero nun adjudicetur defending one with another.' Graver objections were deny him the credit of considerable industry. He has this is worse than singing the mass on a winter

. advanced on the authority of St. Augustine. He pro- ransacked every tome and record appertaining to what at day break, as I was wont at Oxford. - Ho! nounces the doctrine of antipodes incompatible with the his title-page calls the manners, traditions, and remark-ho? -ho! Purview cnsement, que quant Care historical foundations of our faith ; since, to assert that able localities of London," and the result is a work which prise purcelle de felony, --if a' be not out of all there were inhabited lands on the opposite side of the may be dignified with the appellation of the veritable with this law jargon, I am no true man! My pare globe, would be to maintain that there were nations not Cockaigne Manual. So incontestable are its claims on

even burnt clean out! descended from Adam, it being impossible for them to this score, that we expect to see it beside our friend Wbit.

"'There was a priest in Buckingham have passed the intervening ocean. This would be, there. tington, and other respectable histories, on the shelves of

And a sturdy priest was he; fore, to discredit the Bible, which expressly declares, that every true citizen,- a fit companion for his Penates, and

For he would roar at his own charch door,

And drink till he could not see. all men are descended from one common parent.

cherished as his oracle, his council's consistory. It is not And the Pope he said to this sturdy priest,–** “Such were the unlooked-for prejudices which Colum- the less qualified for this honourable station, because the bus had to encounter at the very outset of his conference, writer

is occasionally guilty of strange metamorphoses, Antiquary than will be found in the adventures of

As we cannot supply a better notion of the Takt and which certainly relish more of the convent than the and is frequently apocrypbal. These are only additional Master Shallow, we continue our quotation. Hist university. To his simplest proposition, the spherical recommendations of a work, which, among kindred mat-canticle is interrupted, and he exclaims form of the earth, were opposed figurative texts of scrip- ters, treats of the Cross-Keys Tragedy, a Legend of Grace ure. They observed, that in the Psalms, the heavens Church-street--the Goose and Gridiron, a Legend of am I to be your porter ? shall I leave my

“How, nox !-who's there at my door? Out vel are said to be extended like a hide"; that is, according to Fleet-street, and the Cock-lane Ghost, a Legend of all the knaves that would come to jape the hours an commentators, the curtain, or covering of a tent, which, Snow.bill. Let it not be imagined that the author takes De wreck de mere accorde quem among the ancient pastoral nations, was formed of the no loftier flights than these, —but here will be found

the Giles? Hugh Evans? Where's thy divinity, oh • Extendens ccelum sicut pellem. Psal. cili. Io the English! chief attraction for the patronage he must have, almost St. David ? * Cog's bodes, my boys! we'l make! wranslation It is Psalın civ., V. 3.

exclusively, anticipated. But to come seriously to the on't, and the four bien d maymake che · Statutura de M


were as

What, Falsts!

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Editum Anno Vicesimo Henrici Tercii,' for his own of all good boys, the oracle of swinge-bucklers ;—but with more faggots, and now for the catch. Fancy it thy SWe'll call down the Corinthian lads above, and about ii, lads,—about it;—and remember, our watchword pricksong, or thy mottet, my little craven Evans, and

sing Southward, ho! is • Hem! boys.'

out bravely.'. They then commenced the following catch, ""The lark is up in the matin ske,

" This rabble rout of St. Clement's then began to depart the point of which consisted in every man calling, and And he singetb aloud as he soars on high,

in the order so ingeniously devised by Master Bare; and, being called knave, in his turn. For over the earth he loveth to fly,

speedily getting into different wherries, were carried over "Shall. Sing we the good-fellows' roundelay,
All in the blue spring morning."
to the far-famed Bankside. One of the most celebrated

And I the cittern will blithely play;
The company which called forth this effusion of joy houses of entertainment then on the Bank bore the sign Falst. I'll sing tenor,
jollity on the part of Master Shallow, were John Fals of the Cardinal's Hat, and was kept by Mistress Jane

The treble for me, afterwards knighted, but then a page in the service Nightwork, assisted by Mistress Quickly, who, about Shall. And what shall the bass of our music be!

Thomas Mowbray; and Hugh Evans, then a young forty years afterwards, removed to the famous Boar's Doublet. Tte wintry wind as it rushes and roars, a student of divinity, in the Hospital of St. Giles, Head Tavern, in Eastcheap. The houses of Bankside

At the windows, and roof, and the well-fastened absequently a parson at Windsor. They were both of were short and miserable buildings, standing but a little

doors ; dear associates of Shallow; for in their society he could distance from the edge of the river, and having signs "Falst. But the wine, and the sack, and Canary are bright, his fan :y for gaiety to the utmost, without any fear exposed upon their fronts, rudely delineated upon white

They are good-fellows' stars that shine out Ing. checked for its exuberance, even by the young boards. Before the doors were stout oaken seats and

through the night, who on such occasions merely looked with a ludi- tables, for such as visited the place to enjoy a view of the

You're a knave if you quit thens til morning solemnity, or made some grave remark with such Thames; and a low railing, with several long dirty stairs "Shall. to Falst. You're a knave! seness of language, that cither of them'served only and passages to the water, was erected at the extremity of Doublet to Evans. You're a knave! ease the merriment. the bank.

Evans to Shall. You're a knave !- look you! Shallow concluded his shout of welcome. he went These boisterous companions, after encountering a jester,

Omnes. He's a knave who forsakes them till morning 00 in the back of the chamber, and called to his whose antics and witticisms are quaintly described, proceed

"In this jovial manner passed the hours, till night had Gabriel Shortwit, to bring up his cloak, and his and his cittern, and his cap of plumes, and his to the Windmill of St. George's Fields, which, we are told, overspread a sky that had long been dark and lowering. i music and sonnets

, and then to sunmon from was a popular resort of the Toms and Jerries of that day : thick and deep purple atmosphere which covered it, ex. anbers the four other worthies who inhabited the “ When they arrived here, the day was wearing fast into cepting where, in long streaks of brightly-coloured gold, above him.

the afternoon ; and the sky, which, till then, had been pe. it shone out between the partings of its veil, in the forms And so, my lads of gold,' began Falstaff, as they culiarly fair and bright, was growing lurid, and exhibiting of rich cities and brilliant "mountains, or where its Jaiting : we shall to it again ; into the world as it all the signs of a latent storm, which might be expected to reflections were cast upon the edges of other floating kas neither law, nor divinity, por nobility to bridle fall about sunset. : Mass!' said Shallow, looking at the masses of clouds which sailed about the sky. In some ough, o' my faith, boys, ye would corrupt a saint. splendid clouds which were rolling up in the south, 'will places, before the storm began, which Evans had been so in a little time be even like the rest of ye. And be a foul even after so fair a day, Master Falstaff

, my much alarmed at, long lines of deep purple appeared saster Evans, thou cockatrice of St. Giles! you waggish page! So what say ye, my boys, to a ride drawn through the air, greatly resembling alligators, or play the priest o' the wrong side, must ye?' through the night-storm, all three of us together, on one lizards with many legs, and here and there a branch seemed Passions of our hearts!' cried Evans, "I do desire of old Doubletoll's blind mill horses ?'

to issue out of them, and pass off into the space beyond." nu, Master Page Falstaff, shall remember, and re- * • Marry, no! gossip Shallow,' returned Falstaff, • I'll and reflections, look you, that I do go to watch, e'en shroud me in the mill till morning, for your double William Gascoigne, krown as the eminent Lord Chief Jus

The revellers are interrupted by the arrival of Master oversee, and to preservation your walks and your riding knights have all been hanged or burned these ten look you."

years.—Bones o' me! his honour, Sir Thomas, will not tice, whose name is so intimately connected with the life Master Shallow, hark you to his foul logic; and yet have such unreason, as to think that I shall leave mine and reign of King Henry V. His presence occasions much

en as he saith,' answered Falstaff. What! shall enjoyment with mine host of St. George's Mill, to wade trepidation,-"all in the mill started at his entrance: be not live by our sins? Good !-if we sin not, smothered by Friar Rush !--No, my masters, it would be some from the knowlege of what he would do, and the th be live? Ay; marry, answer me that I pray an un christian act to leave good for evil.— What say you, fear of what he might do; and the others because they Shall we then kill our priest for lack of means for Master Evans?'

observed the effect which his presence had upon their in. Go 10,-no!--that were foul murdrum, Master " . It is fery truly spoken, Master Page Falstaff; put, ebriated companions :No. our priest shall live, and we will live ;-poys, let us into the Mill, for I do perceive that mine bost “ His first words were pronounced in a loud and comwell, Master Swallow ?"

has a pottle-pot of sack and sugar, and Canaries, and goot manding tone: . In the name of our Lord King Edward, As I am an honest man, it is goot discretions that is burnt wines, and many other excellencies.'

I charge ye all to drop your weapons, before I order my ur mind, Master Falstaff. But now I shall desire, ** • Say'st thou so, young cockerell,' answered Falstaff; apparitors to arrest you. The rapiers and daggers were ay you, that you will not get you to-day into no then on to the breach, lads ; here we should be as bold resigned in a moment, and every one awaited in silence

and riotings, and prabbles; but I shall beseech you as lions, or a cudgel, player at a In his further speeeli. How, gentles!' he at length began ember to take your sack, and your sherris, and your “ As they entered, they were met with considerable in a milder voice, looking round him with blended sur8. and your-but I do see here is come our consorts.' pleasure by a short, stout man, whom they all saluted prise and anger, some of ye are of St. Clement's Inn ! She ceased speaking, Shortwit entered the room, with equal gratification, as the miller and landlord.. Hehow came ye here, sirs ? Is this the way, Master Shal. in Master George Bare, a tall gaunt man, with a was dressed in a sort of coarse, brown tunic and kirtle, low, and you other students, to learn the king's laws by black bush of hair round his face ; Master Francis which hung to his knees, and his legs below were cased breaking them, or to practise the laws of virtue by brawl. jne, also a tall, slender man, whose limbs were as if in gray frieze, which fitted close to his shape ; whilst ing in your cups at midnight, in a dishonest and lonely been attached to wires continually shaking, and round, untanned leathero shoes covered his feet. At bis mill? Shame on ye, shame on ye! How would this face possessed a great expression of vacancy, with a girdle he wore a scal's skin pouch, a case of brass- hafted guilt have been concealed, if fortune had not driven me, led laugh concinually mantling upon it; Master knives, and a stout dagger, hilted with the same metal. storm-beaten, on my return from his Highness Prince Doit, a short, stout, important, and bustling figure ; Upon his head was an almost shapeless conical hat, of light Edward, at Fauqueshall, to seek shelter here? but now aster Williain Squele, a talkative but empty-headed brown skin ; but, oh! the face beneath it!-by the Lord, it cometh forth, and on all over whom I possess any auob.

Sir, as Macklin used to say, it was prodigious !_it was as thority shall penance fall. And what art thou ?'' con. Sawhile all the discourse was gratulations and com. if a lion, in his fiercest rage, had suddenly changed colour; tinued he, addressing Evans.

s; till, at length, Shallow sard, - But, my masters, his mane turning to a black bush of grizzled hair, and his • Even, goot Master Fillian Gascoigne, a poor Welsh in daylight, 'tis now near nine of the clock, and we features becoming red, without his physiognomy being in student of definity at St. Chiles's Hospital.” carcely reach the Cardinal's Hat, on the Bank, by the least altered. Such, from generous living and con. " • And a most wretched practiser of what thou studiest,'

Test dinner time. Shortwic, do you go down to the tinual brawling, was the appearance of Gabriel Double replied Gascoigne, what says thy psalterium ? Beati sunt when the commons are cut, and bring my trencher toll, the miller of St. George's Fields.

viri qui ambulantand, louk ye, do the same by these gentlemen, " When his guests entered, he seized upon them as old "oh! yes, inteet, it is very goot rememprances,' inshall come back roaring hungry; and, dost thou intimates, with the warmest, but, at the same time, the terrupted Evans, rarlet ? let me have no prating of our purposes : if roughest, welcomes; and they were all speedily engaged

" • That man for ever plest shall pe, cient ask of us, our grandmothers are taken with in a spirited discussion of the miller's sparkling cordials.

Who doth the sinners haunts eschew; xinsey, and we are gone to visit them. Oh! geod, By St. Thoinas !' began Shallow, taking off his cittern Ford! So,-now my cittern slung over is, and now and rapier, but I'm glad to be with tall men at last, men

Put pious acts hur loves to do.' 991, which bideth all. But, my masters, we must who can empty me a two-quart beaker and not look muz. It is all in my prain, and I will sing the rest, if hur epart en suile,-no-go to ;-old Wicket would peer zling after it, nor be overthrown like a country milk-maid. please." to the matter. Mass now! how shall it be? Oh! your good trowler of his pottle loves to meet with *. • Let it live in thine heart and life,' said Gascoigne, Why, thus, Bully Shallow,' replied Bare ; . Falstaff men of their hands; with companions good at all a toss- turning from bin to Falstaff, — Sir Thomas Mowbray's Tans are past all compare the worst of us, excepting pot's weapons, bowl, rapier, and cittern, and a stout voice page, Master Falstaff, as I guess ?' who art, to speak truly, the great devil of Clements in a catch. Come, Master Miller, and you, my merry *** The same, honoured Master Gascoigne,' returned to then, they shall go first and take the road to the boys, let's roar out the Good fellows' Round.'"

he, ''tis a name I will never deny, for 't will yet be famous ple, and there let them boat me over to the Bank. *** Master Shallow,' returned Evans, I shall tell you in England till a far distant age, and I'll make it so!' shall little John here, and our Cotswold champion, what is now come into my prain,--and pless us ! goot " • It must be by a far different course of life from this,

down the Strand-lane, and embarque we at Mil. Saint Chiles ! how it does rain and pluster in the dark then; else perchance even I may live to condemn thee for thy and, lastly, thou and I will go towards Lincoln's efening. Fell, my masters, I do think fe are not so piety neglect of all honest manners; thy despite of all virtuous and then walk to the Temple, where we shall cover as fe ought to have, in somby'r Lady! it is a foeful night, counsel. But the storm has now howled itself to rest; I rly and follow our consorts. Will't catch, Master and—""

leave ye with an assurance that this night's brawling shall DV-said I well, boys?'

"• What now, Mandragora ?' cried Falstaff, why be answered ; and I leave four of mine apparitors to watch "Good, very good, very excellent good!' returned man, keep up thine heart, and here's that will keep out your courses; more shall immediately follow them from tor; thou shalt bé a Corinthian civilian, the counsel 'the storm ; send about the flagón, Master Doubletoll; on London; and, until they come, ye are prisoners here.'

The scoffer's chair his feet do flee,



in our next.

He then departed, and a night of stupid repentance,' as those who may not fully comprehend our correspondent's space for the passage of vessels, and the current of Falstaff' said, 'followed a day of gallant enjoyment.' more scientific mode of handling the subject.

river, Mr. L. recommends excavations on the shore, w " Early in the morning the apparitors conducted each of them home, and Gascoigne kept his word with all; for

The problem is, two figures being given to add a third, might afterwards be serviceable in lessening the deal

to the tunnel to be formed. In the present unpromis the miller was imprisoned, as his character was notorious; so as to make the three divisible by 11, without remainder. State of the Company's affairs, Mr. Lunt recommend the law.students were fined ; Falstaff was suspended by Our correspondent, in his solution, which we have just establishment of an immediate mode of crossing the bis patron ; and Evans was macerated by a long penance given, has, very intelligibly, shown how this is to be done; the profits accruing to be given to the present shareh of fasting. and Shakspeare relates, that fifty-five years afterwards, the attention of our readers relates to a peculiarity respect. sive to admit of carriages turning, and to a sufficienta

Master Shailow never forgot this adventure ; but the circumstance to which we wish particularly to draw of the tunnel. He suggests, for this purpose, the rue when he was an esquire, and a justice of the peace in Gloucestershire, under King Henry IV., he said to Pal. ing the quotient, which we have never seen pointed out, of water to permit the plying of suitable vessels to an staff, then Sir John, who was levying soldiers in that and which, we may say, we stumbled upon by accident. Iar pier on the Wapping side, a part of the pluie county,– Do you remember since we lay all night in the It is this :

being moveable, so as to suit the rise or fall of the windmill in St. George's Fields ?'"

Whatever the quotient, consisting of three figures, may. This, Mr. 1. considers, would form a inuch more a There is much variety in these volumes ;-German be, if the order of the figures be reversed, the dividend able, and less expensive, mode of crossing the rise legends relieve those of London, and, though out of keep will also be reversed. We shall give an example or two. supersede. We sincerely hope, however, that

, alte ing, are indeed a relief. The Paradise of Bears, a legend Suppose the two figures first given to be 35, we must sacrifices already made, the original design will uluss of Berne, and Death's Horse, another of the Netherlands, place 2 after the 5, making the dividend 352, which, being be effected. have considerable power. The author's poetry, of which divided by 11, gives, as a quotient, 32. If this dividend he is agreeably profuse, is of a superior order; and, on be inverted, it will be 253, which, being divided by 11,

The other day we called upon a master chimnejo the whole, these Tales of an Antiquary may be taken as gives 23, or 32 inverted. Again, if the original number to make some inquiries respecting the machine for at an earnest of future excellence in whatever their author be 73, by adding 4 before the 7, we have a dividend 473, ing chimneys. He was not at home; but we had may attempt.

which, divided by 11, makes 43. Invert the dividend and conversation with his dame; in the course of white it is 374, which, divided by 11, leaves 34, or 43 inverted.

mentioned a Quaker lady, who wished to have herd Correspondence.

ney swept by the machine; upon which she exduins There are many peculiarities respecting the number 11,

Ay, Sir, them there Quakers is terrible for it!"
which we may probably notice at some other opportunity.
-Edit. Kal.

To Correspondents. The following singular circumstance has been commu. nicated to us by a most respectable and intelligent corre.

SUPPLEMENTAL NUMBER.-We intend, next week, to Antiquities.

our readers with another supplemental sheet, con spondent. The result of his experiment will furnish our


much interesting matter, including, as we expect philosophical readers with ample room for speculation.

description of Beeston Castle, the appearance of has been postponed on account of the indispositiza

artist who had undertaken to engrave the vignette SIR,-During the late severe weather, a snow-ball,

Don Juan BURLESQUED.-We shall adopt the suggests weighing five ounces and a half, was melted; and, on

A Constant Reader, by giving this whimsical planet placing the water in the scales, it appeared to be heavier



SNS than the snow was. This circumstance was a sufficient

Professor PORSON'S BURLESQUE ON METAPHYSICS inducement to make an accurate experiment, the result


plemental sheet, next week, will enable us to copy CYTZ Huhu yoluUBAINA

a wish, which has frequently been expressed, of which corresponded with the fact that had given rise to

should republish the whimsical examination byl it-A tin vessel, four inches square and four deep, was


1. ET üzled with snow, compressed into as solid a mass as prac

week, the insertion of the article on this sube ticable, and then weighed with extreme care. When

we last week promised. No further delay shely melted, the water was found to exceed the weight of the

LETTERS OF A TRAVELLER. The continuation of this snow twenty.five grains, and to take up only one-half of

series has been received, and should have been in the space which the latter had occupied. The following

this day's Kaleidoscope, if we had not been at a los is a correct statement of the particulars :

out a certain passage. It shall be put in type, for Inches. Sqr. In.


tion in our next; and, if Lares will take the trouble Saow ....4X4X4 = 64......7922 = 1 2 47 Increase,

for a proof slip, on Wednesday evening, the ambicus Water ....4X 4X2=32 ...7947 = 1 8 79 | 25 grains.

sage shall be marked, for his revision. Lares will A gentleman has shown us a curious little cross, about From this experiment, it is evident, that, after a heavy an inch and a half in height, made of a metal which easily Fourtu ANNUAL REPORT OF TA: LIVERPOOL MECTATE.

small packet waiting for him at the usual plaee. fall of snow, no time ought to be lost in removing it from takes a polish, and, when polished, has much the resem. the tops of houses, since it will produce its own weight of blance of gold. It has an inscription on the front, and

APPRENTICES' LIBRARY. Our supplemental sheet

, a

week, will give us the opportunity of complying water: and when it is considered that ten pounds' weight also one upon the back, composed of characters which are

request of several friends, who wish to see this later is equal to one gallon, some idea nay be formed of the apparently of Greek original, but many of the letters are

report transferred to the pages of the Kaleidoscope, quantity which rests on a roof whose dimensions are con imperfect, and others appear only as a blur manifestly by GOODRICH Castle, which is given entire in our present

cument for future reference, and of immediate interes siderable.--Yours, &c.


age. The letters which are in relief, and defended by S'ebruary 20, 1828.

cation, interesting as it is in itself, is become met a blue coloured enamel, are something smaller on the arly so, on account of the recent melancholy fat cross itself than our sketch represents them, and have an

Neele, the talented author of the Romance of Histat TO THE EDITOR

unfortunate gentleman, last week, in a temporal affinity to the Sclavonian, which, according to several SIR, -The reason of any number so constituted being authorities, is the immediate parent of the Polish, Lithu.

rangement, committed suicide, as related in all be

papers. If we can meet with any good memord! a multiple of 11, and, consequently, divisible by 11, may anian, Bohemian, Vandalian, Croatian, Russian, Carnish, shall copy it into the Kaleidoscope. be thus explained :

Dalmatian, Lusatian, Moldavian, and many other lan- TALES OF AN ANTIQUARY.The coplous speelmert Let the figure in the place of the tens be represented by guages. Should the annexed rough sketch, cut in wood,

clever work will, we have no doubt, prove acceptable the letter t : the figure in the unit's place by the letter w. afford a clue by which any of our learned antiquarian cor

our readers, if we may judge from the pleasure is Then the first figure will be properly expressed by t—u. respondents can make out the sense, we should feel obliged The Lines addressed to a friend, by a Constant Rrede

has afforded ourselves. This first figure being one hundred times its apparent value, by being favoured with a translation. will be 100 times t, minus 100 times u: the second figure

appear in our next, if we can deciplier the whole of the being ten times its apparent value, will be 10 times u: the

Lire of COLUMBUS. We are persuaded that we canno

tify our readers more than by continuing our selare last figure being simply once u, the amount of the whole Mr. Thomas Lunt, of Chester, bas addressed a letter to

from Mr. Irving's new memoir of Columbus.

Directors of the Thames Tunnel Company, number will be 100 times t X 10 times t-that is, 110 times remarks on the tunnel, and suggesting an improved mode MUSIC.The musical bonne bouche, for which mean 6, minus 99 times u ; which is, obviously, divisible by 11, of crossing the river Thames. The method recommended

thank Mr. J., shall be immediately attended to take and gives 10 times t, minus 9 times . Thus : 473 divided by Mr. Lunt to obviate the disadvantages arising from

cellent in Its way....We have several other musical by 11. gives 10 times 7, minus 9 times 3,= 43: 374 di- the depth of the tunnel, is very ingenious, but is itself an. Broren AM'S SPEECH ON THE LAW. We shall, In eer!

munications, which shall be appropriated in due tint vided by 11, gives 10 times 7, minus 9 times 4, = 34. liable to some objections; amongst others, it might be injured by the dropping of anchors." I should have pro.

address a note to E. H. G. F. relative to his suggesties 7 We last week stated that we had something to ada posed,” says Mr. Lunt, " to enclose, by a semicircle of we have further to acknowledge the communicatie

substantial piling, half the width of the river ; empty the and we now resume the subject, merely to put our own water-eight which would only require to be one such depth Printed, published, and sold, every Tuesday, by B, Surf| view of it in the simplest manner, so as to be obvious to as to allow vessels to pass over." To gain the requisite and Co., Clarendon-buildings, Lord-sheet.

account, occur.

0 m


Ib. 08. grs.


H.H.SA Friend.



Literary and Scientific Atirror.

UTILE DULCI.” familiar Miscellany, from which all religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending LITERATURE, CRITICISM, Men and WEBS, ANUSEMENT, elegant ExTRACTS, POETRY, ANECDOTES, BIOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY, the DRAMA, Arts and SCIENCES, WIT and Satire, FASHIONS, NATURAL HISTORY, &c. formins handsome AnxUAL VOLUME, with an INDEX and TITLE-PAGE. Persons in any part of the Kingdom may obtain this work from London through their respective Booksellers. DON-Sherwood and Bolton-J. Kell; Colne-H. Earnshaw; Halifax-N. Whitley; Macclesfield-P.Hall;

Prescot-A. Ducker; Wakefield-Mrs. Hurst; Booksellers; E. Marl-Blackburn-T. Rogerson; Congleton-S. Yates; HanleyT. Allbut;

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I. Walker;

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them, all the booksel Leeds-H. Spink;

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Penrith-J. Shaw;

Ulverston-Soulby & Co.; 101.- Vol. VIII. TUESDAY, MARCH +, 1828.

Price 3 d. The Philanthropist.

sixteen shillings. We beg also to call the attention the proprietors to whom they are articled, only according of the public to the other works issued from our

to their capacity for improving the breed of human stock. NEGRO SLAVERY. office, and advertised in another part of this day's than others, therefore this intercourse is encouraged, and

Slares of European descent are, at the Cape, more valuable isome months we have been regularly favoured Kaleidoscope.-Edit. Kal.

the fruits of it are turned to very profitable account. The

introduction of free labourers, under the present system, the numbers of the Anti-Slavery Monthly Reporter, THE DEMORALIZING INFLUENCE OF SLAVERY.

or to such a limited extent, is more likely to perpetuate jost interesting and valuable publication, written

The Anti-Slavery Reporter for January contains many slavery than remove it. om piled with the humane design of mitigating, striking facts, illustrative of the demoralizing effects of

At Cape Town, handsome mulatto, and even white finally, extirpating the traffic and property in slavery upon all who come within the sphere of its in. slaves are numerous, and the majority of these are trained in beings. We have, from time to time, inserted Auence. These are, aptly enough, introduced by a brief, to prostitution from their childhood; morality in a female

but able, dissertation upon the love of power inherent in slave, is a very inconvenient quality, but it is one which esting extracts from this work in the Mercury; man, and his proneness to abuse it, in the absence of pro- is seldom possessed. We will not comment upon such re regret that we have not been enabled to do so per checks, more especially when the subject of it is his depravity as this ; speaks for itself. quently as we have wisbed, or as the import- fellow-creature ; for, anomalous as it may appear, the It is not to be wondered at that beings, towards whom so

little sympathy is shown while living, should, by their of the subject demanded.

In a newspaper

petty tyrant,
“ Dressed in a little brief authority,"

death, excite no other feeling in the breasts of their in. are so many objects claiming the attention of inflicts upon his fellow-man, being, no matter of human proprietors, than that which arises from the calcu. roprietor, and such a diversity of tastes to con- what colour, or nation, endowed with the same privileges lation that it is attended with the loss of the sum which hat documents of permanent importance, are

as himself, and brought into the world for the same this human merchandise might have produced in the times, 'almost necessarily, passed by, in order to great end, -punishment from which he exempts the brute market.

animals in his service. “ Man is a tyrant to the inferior The concluding paragraph of the report speaks volumes, eway for parliamentary debates ; news, foreign animals, it is true; but unrestrained by law, he becomes and we shall

, therefore, transcribe it. domestic; marriages, deaths, ship news, adver- a wolf to man.” It is lamentable, too, to reflect that per- “Few Englishmen come to the Cape who are not, in ments, and other matter, which, whether very in- sons arriving, with hearts not yet callous to the touch of the first instance, shocked at the sight of the evils of

humanity, at a place where slavery exists, soon become slavery. There is something, however, so insidious in its sting or not, are expected in the columns of a blind to the evils of the system, and often practise nature, and so congenial also to certain dispositions of ic newspaper.

themselves those enormities which once filled them with mind, that this repugnance is, in general, speedily overhas occurred, or, rather, it has been suggested horror. Of this some curious instances are adduced, one come; and, as a last proof of its demoralizing effects, I that we could promote the benevolent views of which we shall briefly notice. A Portuguese captain shall only add to the facts already stated, that I have

engaged in the slave trade wooed an amiable and accom. never met with any class of men in that colony, so much publishers of the Anti-Slavery Reporter, by means

plished young lady, who would only accept him on con- intoxicated with the love of this baneful system, so enraged te Kaleidoscope, which has a very n ide, perma dition that he would give up the nefarious traffic in which against every one who condemns it, so loud in their exe

and most reputable circulation; and as, upon he was engaged: this he agreed to do. After marriage, crations of the abolition of the slave trade, or so anxious Firy, we find that the Anti-Slavery Reporter is not however, she went to sea with him; habit made her fond to have it revived in all its former extent, as many of ished with a view to profit, but is gratuitously to the horrors of the slave trade. After several years' of a naval life, and, soon afterwards, also reconciled her the natives of our own free country.”

Despite of all that has been done and said upon the d. we presume that, in transferring its contents, successful traffic, they settled at Mozambique, and she subject, no substantial mitigation of the evils of slavery 1 ample selection from them, to the Kaleidoscope, who was once sensitively alive to the sufferings of the has taken place; still less has any progress been made hall be promoting, rather than interfering with, slaves, regulated the whole of ber husband's slave esta- towards its extinction. This foul blot still remains upon

blishment; inquired into every offence committed by the scutcheon of England, and it is high time that the views of the excellent persons who superintend them, pronounced sentence, and stood by to see them public voice should, loudly and unanimously, demand of Reporter. Under this persuasion, therefore, con punished! This sickening detail, and others of a similar the legislature that it may be removed. led by inquiries from some most respectable, in character are given on unquestionable authority. gent, and amiable individuals, we, this day, materials for the melancholy picture drawn of the cruelty, The settlement at the Cape of Good Hope affords the

The Traveller. oduce into our work, in the most conspicuous depravity, and debasement consequent upon the slave sys.

(ORIGINAL.] aner, and under the head Philanthropist, the fol- tem. It has been assumed that the emigration of British ing abridgment of the Anti-Slavery Reporter for settlers to that colony, which took place in 1820, will have ruary; and we take this opportunity of remind- a tendency to modify, and, finally, extirpate slave labour ;

but there seems no probability that such will be the rethe public, that our work may be regularly had sult. The free labourers only form about one-twentieth compasses in latitude 41 20 south, and longitude eo east,

Now, my good friend, take out your chart, place your ough the London booksellers, or from any of the part of the working population ; they are, moreover, ex, and there you will find us outward bound to Calcutta. merous agents specified in the list at the head posed to such hardships and temptations that they fre. I think I see you mark the situation, and, with an in. this page ; through whom also may be procured in promiscuous

intercourse with the female slaves, or form stuffed arm-chair a little nearer to the fire, and give it an

quently have recourse to habitual intoxication,-engage ward ejaculation, you snuff your candle, draw your wellLs 1, 11, III, IV, V, VI, and VII, of the Kaleidoscope, a permanent connexion with one; and thus they debase extra stir. I would fain be at the other side of your boards, with titles and copious indexes, price, each, themselves to the level of the slaves, and are valued by hearth-rug, with the comfortable steam of your best Bohea


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