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And whene'er on the bully ye call,
the word Firz, or Ferzin, signifies an officer of state, a

Ene Bouquet.
He is ready to give ye a fall;

vizier. This word was, by the French, converted into But if long in the battle with him you should be, Fierge and Vierge, and the piece so named was subse- “ I have here only made a nosegay of culled powers, and hone The weaker are you, and the stronger is he, quently called lady, or queen.- London papers.

brought nothing of my own but the thread that ties them." For Syr Tankard is victor of all.

We are often highly diverted with the information which A barley-corn ear he mounts for a spear,

the learned Cockney writers condescend to offer for the WASHINGTON IRVING'S LIFE OF COLUMBUS His helmet with hops is hung;

edification of us poor country folks. In the present in. He lights the eye with a laughing leer,

stance we may, perhaps, fail in gratitude to our metropo. With a carol he tips the tongue : litan guides, as we happened to know the facts commu.

(Continued from page 267.) And he marshals a valiant host

picated at least a score of years since. The paragraph states, or spices, and crabs, and toast;

that "chess-players in general are not aware that the piece The following parts of this work, describing Co And the stoutest of yeomen they well can o'erthrow,

called the Queen originally bore another title.” This may lumbus's first appearance in Spain, and his examinaWhen he leads them in beakers and jugs to the foe;

be true, because a man may be a chess-player, and a good And Syr Tankarde his prowess may boast.

player too, who knows nothing at all about the origin or tion before the pedants at Salamanca, are extremely history of the game; but the circumstance, and much interesting.

more on the subject, must be familiar to those whose reading! The following bagatelle, which we have copied from the lon


« The s

“ The first trace we have of him in Spain, is in the the on the subject of chess is not very limited indeed. In the ndon IV eekly Review, is as good a specimen in its way Studies of Chess, vol. 2, p. 362, the name of the Queen,

Sueen | testimony furnished a few years after his death, in the se recollect to have met with.

with its corresponding English word, is given in four of celebrated lawsuit between his son Don Diego and the the Eastern languages, thus:

crown, by Garcia Fernandez, a physician resident in the ABJURATION DU ROI DE POLOGNE.

The Queen is called, in Sanscrit, MANTRI ( Prime Mi- ittle sea-port of Palos de Moguer, in Andalusia. About


half a league from that town stood, and stands at the abjure de bon cæur Le Pape et son empire


Persian Vizier (General, or her, nouveau docteur Est l'objet qui m'attire,

Prime Minister. I present day, an ancient convent of Franciscan friars, dedij'abandonne en forme Et sa regle et sa loi


Chinese Tou (a Counsellor. cated to Santa Maria de Rabida. According to the testi. er et sa reforme Ont tout pouvoir sur moi,


Burmha CHEKOY (a General.) mony of the physician, a stranger on foot, accompanied battra Les feux du purgatoire

| by a young boy, stopped one day at the gate of the conber et ses discours Sont ceux que je veux croire, ut que j'extermine Et le Pape et sa cour

Nutural Phenomenon in Cornwall.-In the parish of vent, and asked of the porter a little bread and water for har et sa doctrine Ont ma plus tendre amour.

St. Austle, there is a singular phenomenon ; it is the ap. his child. While receiving this humble refreshment, the pearance of light near the turnpike-road at Hill Head, prior of the convent, Friar Juan Perez de Marchena,

about three-quarters of a mile west of the town. In the The Beauties of Chess.

happening to pass by, was struck with the appearance of summer season it is rarely seen ; but in the winter, par.

nd accent that ticularly in the months of November and December, the stranger; and, observing from his air “ Ludimus effigiem belli.”_VIDA.

scarcely a dark night passes in which it is not visible. It he was a foreigner, entered into conversation with bim, and

appears of a yellow hue, and seems to resemble a small soon learnt the particulars of his story. That stranger SOLUTION TO STUDY CLXX. flame. It is generally stationary, and when it moves it

was Columbus, accompanied by his young son Diego."WHITE.


wanders but very little from its primitive spot, sometimes Vol. i. q. 95. 96. i knight ...E-7X 1 King ......B-8

mounting upward, and then descending to the earth. As 2 Castle ......D-8X

2 Bishop,.....C-8 3 Koight ...C_6X

it has frequented this spot from time immemorial, it is Having described the circumstances which enabled 3 King ......A-8

now rendered so familiar that it almost ceases to excite Columbus to appear at the Spanish court, the histoKnight ... E-5

4 King .....B-8

attention. It is somewhat remarkable, that, although rion precon Knight ...C—4 5 King ......A-8

gorian presents his readers with a clever sketch of the many attempts have been made to discover it in the place 6 Knight ...A-3

6 King ......B-8 Knight ...B-5

of its appearance, every effort has hitherto failed of suc principal personages who figured there. But as 7 King ......A-8

cess. On approaching the spot, it becomes invisible to the kings, queens, and courtiers are much less interesting & Pawn ......A-4

8 King .. ...B-8

pursuers, even while it remains luminous to those who l than great men, we forbear quoting any thing about 9 Pawn ......A-5

9 King ......A-8 watch it at a distance. To trace its exact abode, a level 0 Payn ......A-6

10 King ......B-8

has been taken during its appearance, by which the Ferdinand and Isabella, who have already had their Castle ......E-8

11 King ......A-8

curious have been guided in their researches the ensuing share of celebrity. It may, however, be amusing to 12 Knight......C_7X 12 King ......B-8 day ; but nothing has hitherto been discovered. To ac- iutroduce Columbus to our readers, as he appeared 13 Paw ......A-7XMATE.

count for this phenomenon, superstition bas had recourse
to supernatural agency ; but before reason will adopt

before the Council of the University of Salamanca, STUDY CLXXI. Site to move, and check on the fifth move with one

such a conclusion, it will be disposed to examine natural which, for absurdity and bigotry, may be regarded

with one means. It is supposed by some to be of a phosphoric as the genuine prototype of most modern universities. pwd, and checkmate on the sixth with the other.

nature, and occasioned by some effluvia emitted from lo.
the earth in that particular spot where it appears, and

Our readers will observe the inveterate propensity of

which a certain degree of darkness is necessary to render | learned bodies to oppose authority to reason, and to

visible. It is probable, also, that during the summer prefer the stupid opinions of St. Augustine and Lacv a 2 a 0 9

season, when it is less frequently seen than in the winter tantius, to the testimony of science and the senses. h

months, these effluvia may be legs copious, or the rays of
light which remain in the atmosphere may be too strong “ The greater part of this learned junto, it is very pro-
to permit it to shine. It has been considered also as an bable, came prepossessed against him, as men in place and
indication of some metallic substance concealed in the dignity are apt to be against poor applicants. There is
bowels of the hill.

always a proneness to consider a man under examination METEOROLOGICAL DIARY.

as a kind of delinquent, or impostor, whose faults and

errors are to be detected and exposed. Columbus, too, (From the Liverpool Courier.)

appeared in a most unfavourable light before a scholastie Barometer | Extreme TbermulExtreme State of

body; an obscure navigator ; member of no learned insti. during meter 8 heatu- the Wind Night. inorniug nag Day. at noon.

tution ; destitute of all the trappings and circumstances

which sometimes give oracular authority to dulness; and 34 01 S.S.E. Fair

depending upon the mere force of natural genius. Some N.W.

Snove. 40 0 46 0 W. Fair.

of the junto entertained the popular notion that he was 32 0 35 0 43 0 G.E. Fair.

an adventurer, or, at best, a visionary, and others had that 1 S.S.E. Fair. 42 O S.S.E. Fair.

morbid impatience of any innovation upon established 390 44 0 E.S.E. Cloudy.

doctrine, which is apt to grow upon dull and pedantic men 14th,-Very stormy during night; snow from five, a.m. to in cloistered life. What a striking spectacle must the hall A B C D E F G H

noon: seven, p.m. rain.
18th,-Slight fall of rain, eight, p.m.

of the old convent have presented at this memorable con. WHITE

ference! A simple mariner, standing forth in the midst Tide Table

of an imposing array of professors, friars, and dignitaries MISNOMER OF THE QUEEN OF CHESS.

of the church, maintaining his theory with natural elo

Days. Morn. Even Helght. Festivals, &c. hess players are not generally aware, that the piece

quence, and, as it were, pleading the cause of the New ed the Queen originally bore another title, and that,

h. m. h. m.lft. in. I corription of terms, its sex has been changed from

World. We are told, that when he began to state the
Tuesday ..26 8 6 8 37 11 4
Wednesdavon o so polio &

grounds of his belief, the friars of St. Stephen alone paid le to female. The game of chess is of Eastern origin, Thursday 28 9 52 10 10 13 10 / it will readily be supposed, that to permit the repre- Friday ....29 10 29 10 4615 2

attention to him; that convent being more learned in the

sevening. Lation of a woman to move about in uninterrupted Saturday.. 111 311 1916 4 David. Full Moon, Ch.40m. sciences than the rest of the university. The others ap

Sunday... 2 11 35 11 50 17 32d Sunday in Lent. Chad. dom, even on a chess-board, would be repugnant to

Pusat Monday ..
3 0 717 11

peared to have intrenched themselves behind one dogged Dal notions of propriety. In the Persian language, Tuesday .. 4 0 23 0 39 18 3

position, that, after so many profound philosophers and








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sosmographers had been studying the form of the world, bides of animals; and that St. Paul, in his epistle to the character of the work, which is by no means deficien and so many able navigators had been sailing about it for Hebrews, compares the heavens to a tabernacle, or tent, merit, we are afraid it will be found that the inten several thousand years, it was a great presumption in an extended over the earth, which they thence inferred must faculties of the author have been borne down by al ordinary man to suppose that there remained such a vast be flat. Columbus, who was a devoutly religious man, of unmanageable materials. Had he given hisi discovery for him to make. Several of the objections op. found that he was in danger of being convicted, not merely freer play, and occasionally allowed himself a teme posed by this learned body have been handed down to us, of error, but of beterodoxy. Others, more versed in sci.oblivion of the British Museum, he would have and have provoked many a sneer at the expense of the ence, admitted the globular form of the earth, and the more successful in his fiction, and, perhaps, not les fail university of Salamanca. But these are proofs, not so possibility of an opposite and inhabitable hemisphere ; in his fact. His great anxiety is to overlook nothing much of the peculiar deficiency of that institution, as of but they brought up the chimera of the ancients, and research has offered him ; and he accordingly work the imperfect state of science at the time, and of the man. maintained that it would be impossible to arrive there, in the tissue of some of his stories much that might be ner in wbich knowledge, though rapidly extending, was consequence of the insupportable heat of the torrid zone. vantageously omitted. Perhaps the most meritoria still impeded in its progress by monastic bigotry. All Even granting this could be passed, they observed, that his sketches are amplifications of some of Shakupa subjects were still contemplated through the obscure me. the circumference of the earth must be so great as to re. most humorous heroes-Master Robert Shallow, dium of those ages when the lights of antiquity were quire at least three years to the voyage, and those who stance—is he not painted with a somewhat Shake trampled out, and faith was left to fill the place of inquiry. should undertake it must perish of hunger and thirst, skill ? Bewildered in a maze of religious controversy, mankind from the impossibility of carrying provisions for so long a “ In the first floor, then, was seated Master Robert had retraced their steps, and receded from the boundary period. He was told on the authority of Epicurus, that, I low, at his judicial studies ; for the supbeans line of ancient knowledge. Thus, at the very threshold admitting the earth to be spherical, it was only inhabitable

through his stained glass windows, upon a fold

baok, bound in red velvet, and written in a strange of the discussion, instead of geographical objections, Co. in the northern hemisphere, and in that section only was

northern hemisphere, and in that section only was law text, which was mounted upon a high det lumbus was assailed with citations from the Bible and the canopied by the heavens; that the opposite half was a him. There was not, in the whole apartment, sa i Testament, the book of Genesis, the psalms of David, chaos, a gulph, or a mere waste of water. Not the least | lar a piece of furniture as the desk in which they the Prophets, the Epistles, and the Gospels. To these were absurd objection advanced, was, that should a ship even

student was seated : but such as are acquainted added, the expositions of various saints and reverend com.succeed in reaching, in this way, the extremity of India, works. may have a tolerable conception of it.

cient illuminated manuscripts, and early typogo mentators, St. Chrysostome and St. Augustine, St. Jerome she could never get back again ; for the rotundity of the formed of dark brown oak, richly carved into Gothic and s . Basil an

brose, and Lactan. globe would present a kind of mountain, up which it nacles, pointed arches, &c.; and in size was some tius Firmianas, a redoubted champion of the faith. Doc. I would be impossible for her to sail with the most favour. | between a four. posted bedstead and a church trinal points were mixed up with philosophical discussions, able wind."-Vol. i. p. 119, 125.

pew; both of which it very much resembled. It and a mathematical demonstration was allowed no truth,

tered by a side door, and within it were two emonstration was allowed no truth, The following is Columbus's description of the crimson damask, with a double desk placed by if it appeared to clash with a text of scripture, or a commentary of one of the Fathers.

them, over which bung a brass lamp; while arv scenery of Cuba :Thus the possibility of

was a sort of lining, or curtain, formed of rich to antipodes in the southern hemisphere, an opinion so gene- name of Puerto Santo, is a specimen of his vi vid and art. 1 resembling those of a hearse, and the foot

“ His description of one place, to which he gave the

| Above, the erection was carved into large oaked pi rally maintained by the wisest of the ancients, as to be pronounced by Pliny the great contest between the learned

less feeling for the beauties of nature. The amenity of trived as to answer the purpose of a bookcase, being and the ignorant, became a stumbling block with some of me

this river, and the clearness of the water, through which with large volumes bound in coloured velvet the sages of Salamanca. Several of them stoutly contra. the sand at the bottom may be seen ; the multitude of broidered canvas covers. The remainder of the case

was furnished with an oaken settle, or bedstead, we dicted this basis of the theory of Columbus, supporting

palm trees of various forms, the highest and most beauti

" | few and coarse clothes of the time,-although it wa

ful that I have met with, and an infinity of other great the custom for all ranks to sleep naked, -2009 themselves by quotations from Lactantius and St. Augus. tine, who were considered, in thcse days, as almost evan.

and green trees; the birds in rich plumage, and the verdure chair or two, with a massive table, a large camera gelical authority. But, though these writers were men of

of the fields,-render this country, most Serene Princes, press, with a few empty flagons, chalices, asi pred consummate erudition, and two of the greatest luminaries

of such marvellous beauty, that it surpasses all others in sto

as all others in stood in the back ground, near the enormous de

"In this inner study then sat Master Roberts charms and graces, as the day doth the night in lustre. I dressed in a long black robe, with a close circa of what has been called the golden age of ecclesiastical learning, yet their writings were calculated to perpetuate For which reason I often say to my people, that, much as and before him were the ancient statutes of Weste

Merton, and Marlebridge, which he was ostenstar darkness in respect to the sciences.

I endeavour to give a complete account of it to your Ma. “ The passage cited from Lactantius, to confute Colum. jesties, my tongue cannot express the whole truth, nor myling; though now and then the sun glanced upon

little folio manuscript of Chaucer's Poems, at thay bus, is in a strain of gross ridicule, unworthy of so grave pen describe it ; and I have been so overwhelmed at the

with the exception of Wickliffe's satirical traces a theologian. • Is there any one so foolish,' he asks,

sight of so much beauty, that I have not known how to as

Matthew of Westminster's Flowers of History, th] to believe that there are antipodes with their feet opposite relate it."-Vol. i. p. 300.

fashionable and favourite book of the day. Thus

young lawyer cmployed, and in the following mere to ours; people who walk with their heels upward and

he conduct his studies. their heads hanging down that there is a part of the


" By the bones! I marvel much why this fan world in which all things are topsy-turvy ; where the trees OHTEYLY ILLUSTRATIVE OF TAB MANNERS, TRADITIONS,

mine keeps me mewed up in a dark inn, to learn an

BENARKABLE LOCALITIES OF LONDON. grow with their branches downward, and where it rains,

and knavery froin old law books; when a'should bare hails, and shows upward ? The idea of the roundness of

at court a twelvemonth, or an eighteen month pesa (From the London Weekly Review]

brave gallant ; or, in France, like a true soldier the earth,' he adds, ' was the cause of inventing this fable

if 'twere not for some swinge-bucklers that of the antipodes with their heels in the air ; for these phi. Whatever opinion may be entertained of the fancy or were as a good a deed as drink to Capita losophers, having once erred, go on in their absurdities, originality of the author of these tales, no reader will Serto.- Murdrum de cætero non adjudicetare defending one with another.' Graver objections were deny him the credit of considerable industry. He has

| ticiariis, ubi infortunium tantummodoadvanced on the authority of St. Augustine. He pro- ransacked every tome and record appertaining to what

this is worse than singing the mass on a winter

at day-break, as I was wont at Oxford.-Ho! nounces the doctrine of antipodes incompatible with the his title-page calls “ the manners, traditions, and remark -ho!-ho! - Purview ensement, que quan! historical foundations of our faith ; since, to assert that able localities of London," and the result is a work which prise purcelte de felony,'-if a'be not out of all there were inhabited lands on the opposite side of the may be dignified with the appellation of the veritable with this law jargon, I am no true man! Ny globe, would be to maintain that there were nations not Cockaigne Manual. So incontestable are its claims on

mean I even burnt clean out! descended from Adam, it being impossible for them to this score, that we expect to see it beside our friend Whit. " There was a priest in Buckingham

And a sturdy priest was he; have passed the intervening ocean. This would be, there. tington, and other respectable histories, on the shelves of

For he would roar at his own charcb doo, fore, to discredit the Bible, which expressly declares, that every true citizen,- a fit companion for his Penates, and

And drink till he could not see. all men are descended from one common parent.

cherished as his oracle, his council's consistory. It is not And the Pope he said to this sturdy priest"Such were the unlooked-for prejudices which Colum- the less qualified for this honourable station, because the As we cannot supply a better notion of the bus had to encounter at the very outset of his conference, writer is occasionally guilty of strange metamorphoses, Antiquary than will be found in the adven and which certainly relish more of the convent than the and is frequently apocryphal. These are only additional Master Shallow, we continue our quotation. university. To his simplest proposition, the spherical recommendations of a work, which, among kindred mat- canticle is interrupted, and he exclaims form of the earth, were opposed figurative texts of scrip-ters, treats of the Cross-Keys Tragedy, a Legend of Grace "How, now !- who's there at my door? Our se ure. They observed, that in the Psalms, the heavens Church-street, the Goose and Gridiron, a Legend of am I to be your porter ? shall I leave my studies are said to be extended like a hide; that is, according to Fleet-street, and the Cock-lane Ghost, a Legend of all the knaves that would come to jape the commentators, the curtain, or covering of a tent, which, Snow.hill. Let it not be imagined that the author takes I De wreck de mere accorde que among the ancient pastoral nations, was formed of the no loftier flights than these, --but here will be found the wild

valiant page, how fare ye -- Ah! what in

Giles ! Hugh Evans! Where's the divinity, my soul • Extendens ccelum sicut pellem. Psal. cili. In the English | chief attraction for the patronage he must have, almost | St. David ? Cog's bodes, my boys! we'll 1 translation It is Psalin civ., v. 3.

exclusively, anticipated. But to coaie seriously to the l on't, and the foul fiend may take che • Slata

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ditum Anno Vicesimo Henrici Tercii,' for his own of all good boys, the oracle of swinge-bucklers ;- but with more faggots, and now for the catch. Fancy it thy

:-We'll call down the Corinthian lads above, and about it, lads,-about it; and remecuber, our watchword pricksong, or thy mottet, my little craven Evans, and sing Southward, ho!is · Hem! boys.'

out bravely.' They then commenced the following catch, *The lark is up in the matin ske,

" This rabble rout of St. Clement's then began to depart the point of which consisted in every man calling, and And he singetb aloud as he soars on high,

in the order so ingeniously devised by Master Bare; and, being called knave, in his turn. For over the earth he loveth to fly,

speedily getting into different wherries, were carried over "Shall. Sing we the good-fellows' roundelay,
All in the blue spring morning."
to the far-famed Bankside. One of the most celebrated

And I the cittern will blithely play; The company which called forth this effusion of joy houses of entertainment then on the Bank bore the sign " Falst. I'll sing tenor, Sollity on the part of Master Shallow, were John Fal of the Cardinal's Hat, and was kept by Mistress Jane « Evans. The treble for me, afterwards knighted, bur then a page in the service Nightwork, assisted by Mistress Quickly, who, about Shall. And what shall the bass of our music be? Thornas Mowbray; and Hugh Evans, then a young forty years afterwards, removed to the famous Boar's Doublet. Tte wintry wind as it rushes and roars, student of divinity, in the Hospital of St. Giles, Head Tavern, in Eastcheap. The houses of Bankside

At the windows, and roof, and the well-fastened absequently a parson at Windsor. They were both of were short and miserable buildings, standing but a little

doors ; dear associates of Shallow; for in their society he could distance from the edge of the river, and having signs " Falst. But the wine, and the sack, and Canary are bright, Dis 1 gaiety to the utopost, without any fear exposed upon their fronts, rudely delineated upon white

They are good-fellows' stars that shine out Ing checked for its exuberance, even by the young boards. Before the doors were stout oaken seats and

through the night, who on such occasions merely looked with a ludi. tables, for such as visited the place to enjoy a view of the

You're a knave if you quit then til morning solemnity, or made some grave remark with such Thames ; and a low railing, with several long dirty stairs "Shall. to Falst. You're a knave! seness of language, that cither of them'served only and passages to the water, was erected at the extremity of Doublet to Evans. You're a knave! ease the merriment. the bank."

Evans to Shall. You're a knavel-look you! s Shallow concluded his shout of welcome, he went These boisterous companions, after encountering a jester, Omnes. He's a knave who forsakes them till morning oor in the back of the chamber, and called to his whose antics and wilticisms are quaintly described, proceed

“ In this jovial manner passed the hours, till night had L, Gabriel Shortwit, to bring up bis cloak, and his Sto the Windmill of St. George's Fields, which, we are told,

overspread a sky that had long been dark and lowering. and his cittern, and his cap of plumes, and his

* When the sun set, it was almost invisible through the di music and sonnets, and then to sunmon from

was a popular resort of the Toms and Jerries of that day: I thick and deep purple atmosphere which covered it. ex. Aanbers the four other worthies who inhabited the " When they arrived here, the day was wearing fast into cepting where, in long streaks of brightly-coloured gold, above him.

the afternoon; and the sky, which, till then, had been pe. it shone out between the partings of its veil, in the forms And so, my lads of gold,' began Falstaff, as they culiarly fair and bright, was growing lurid, and exhibiting of rich cities and brilliant mountains, or where its Diting. we shall to it again ; into the world as if all the signs of a latent storm, which might be expected to reflections were cast upon the edges of other floating Bas Deither law, nor divinity, por nobility to bridle fall about sunset. • Mass!' said Shallow, looking at the masses of clouds which sailed about the sky. In some ough, o' my faith, boys, ye would corrupt a saint, splendid clouds which were rolling up in the south, 'cwill places, before the storm began, which Evans had been so in a little time be even like the rest of ye. And be a foul even after so fair a day, Master Falstaff, my much alarmed at, long lines of deep purple appeared Master Evans, thou cockatrice of St. Giles ! you waggish page! So what say ye, my boys, to a ride drawn through the air, greatly resembling alligators, or play the priest o' the wrong side, must ye?'

through the night-storm, all three of us together, on one lizards with many legs, and here and there a branch seemed Passions of our hearts !' cried Evans, "I do desire of old Doubleloll's bliod mill horses?'

to issue out of them, and pass off into the space beyond." 0, Master Page Falstaff, shall remember, and re- " Marry, no! gossip Shallow,' returned Falstaff', · I'll The reve

The revellers are interrupted by the arrival of Master and reflections, look you, that I do go to watch, e'en shroud me in the mill till morning, for your double

William Gascoigne, krown as the eminent Lord Chief Jusoversee, and to preservation your walks and your riding knights have all been hanged or burned these ten look on."

years.--Bones o' me! his honour, Sir Thomas, will not tice, whose name is so intimately connected with the life Master Shallow, hark you to his foul logic; and yet have such unreason, as to think that I shall leave mine and reign of King Henry V. His presence occasions much en as he saith,' answered Falstaff. •What! shall enjoyment with mine host of St. George's Mill, to wade

trepidation,—"all in the mill started at his entrance: port ourselves without our priest? Nay, nay. back to him through a marsh in a foul , and be

some from the knowlege of what he would do, and the Te not live by our sins ? Good!--if we sin not, smothered by Friar Rush!-No, my masters, it would be to he live? Ay, marry, answer me that I pray an un christian act to leave good for evil. What say you,

fear of what he might do; and the others because they Shall we then kill our priest for lack of means for Master Evans?'

observed the effect which his presence had upon their in. Go to,-00!-that were foul murdrum, Master * • It is fery truly spoken, Master Page Falstaff; put, ebriated companions :- No, our priest shall live, and we will live ;- poys, let us into the Mill, for I do perceive that mine host “ His first words were pronounced in a loud and comovell, Master Shallow ?"

has a pottle-pot of sack and sugar, and Canaries, and goot manding tone: In the name of our Lord King Edward, As I am an honest man, it is goot discretions that is burnt wines, and many other excellencies.'

I charge ye all to drop your weapons, before I order my mind, Master Falstaff. But now I shall desire, “ • Say'st thou so, young cockerell,' answered Falstaff, apparitors to arrest you. The rapiers and daggers were tay you, that you will not get you to-day into no.then on to the breach, lads; here we should be as bold resigned in a moment, and every one awaited in silence and riotings, and prabbles; but I shall beseech you as lions, or a cudgel-player at a May-game.--In!-In!! bis further speeclı. “How, gentles!' he at length began

ember to take your sack, and your sherris, and your “ As they entered, they were met with considerable in a inilder voice, looking round him with blended surme and your-but I do see here is come our consorts.' pleasure by a short, stout man, whom they all saluted prise and anger, some of ye are of St. Clement's Ino! Asbe ceased speaking, Short wit entered the room, with equal gratification, as the miller and landlord. Hehow came ye here, sirs ? Is this the way, Master Shal.

in Master George Bare, a tall gaunt man, with a was dressed in a sort of coarse, brown tunic and kirtle, low, and you other students, to learn the king's laws by Black bush of hair round his face; Master Francis which hung to his knees, and his legs below were cased breaking them, or to practise the laws of virtue by brawl. sne, also a tall, slender man, whose limbs were as if in gray frieze, which fitted close to his shape; whilst ir

ose to nis shape ; whilst ing in your cups at midnight, in a dishonest and lonely ad been attached to wires continually shaking, and round, untanned leathero shoes covered his feet. At his mill? 'Shame on ye, shame on ye! How would this face possessed a great expression of vacancy, with a girdle he wore a scal's skin pouch, a case of brass. hafted guilt have led laugh

suurt have been concealed, if fortune had not driven me. nit; Master knives, and a stout dagcer, bilted with the same met

Master knives, and a stout dagger, hilted with the same metal. storm-beaten, on my return from his Highness Prince Doit, a short, stout, important, and bustling figure; Upon his head was an almost shapeless conical hat, of light Edward, at Fauqueshall, to seek shelter here? but now laster Williain Squele, a talkative but empty-beaded brown skin; but, oh! the face beneath it! by the Lord, I it cometh forth, and on all over whom I possess any au.

Sir, as Macklin used to say, it was prodigious!-it was as thority shall penance fall. And what art thou ?' con. awhile all the discourse was gratulations and com. | if a lion, in his fiercest rage, bad suddenly changed colour; I tioued be, addressing Evans. 28: till, at length, Shallow said, -But, my masters, his mane turning to a black bush of grizzled hair, and his " • Even, goot Master Fillian Gascoigne, a poor Welsh m daylight, 'tis now near nine of the clock, and we features becoming red, without his physiognomy being in student of definity at St. Chiles's Hospital. carcely reach the Cardinal's Hat, on the Bank, by the least altered. Such, from generous living and con.

"And a most wretched practiser of what thou studiest,' est dinner time. Shortwit, do you go down to the tinual brawling, was the appearance of Gabriel Double- replied Gascoigne, what says thy psalterium ? Beati sunt - ben the commons are cut, and bring my trencher toll, the miller of St. George's Fields.

viri qui ambulantand, louk ye, do the same by these gentlemen, "When his guests entered, he seized upon them as old

"oh! yes, inteet, it is very goot rememprances,' in. e shall come back roaring hungry; and, dost thou | intimates, with the warmest, but, at the same time, the terrupted Evans, Farlet ? let ine have no prating of our purposes : if roughest, welcomes; and they were all speedily engaged

" . That man for ever plest shall pe, icient ask of us, our grandmothers are taken with in a spirited discussion of the miller's sparkling cordials.

Who doth the sinner's haunts eschew; sinsey, and we are gone to visit them. Oh! geod, By St. Thoinas !' began Shallow, taking off his cittern

The scoffer's chair his feet do flee, Ford! So, now my cittern slung over it, and now and rapier, but I'm glad to be with tall men at last ; men

Put pious acts hur loves to do.'5*, which hideth all. But, my masters, we must who can empty me a two-quart beaker and not look muz. It is all in my prain, and I will sing the rest, if hur epart en suite,--no-go to ;-old Wicket would peer zling after it, nor be overthrown like a country milk.maid. I please.'” to the matter. Mass now! how shall it be?

Oh! your good trowler of his pottle loves to meet with ". Let it live in thine heart and life,' said Gascoigne, Why, thus, Bully Shallow,' replied Bare ; . Falstaff | men of their hands; with companions good at all a toss- turning from hinn to Falstaff, -Sir Thomas Mowbray's Evans are past all compare the worst of us, excepting pot's weapons, bowl, rapier, and cittern, and a stout voice page, Master Falstaff, as I guess ?' sho art, to speak truly, the great devil of Clements : in a catch. Come, Master Miller, and you, my merry *** • The same, honoured Master Gascoigne,' returned to then, they shall go first and take the road to the boys, let's roar out the Good fellows' Round.'"

he, . 'tis a name I will never deny, for 't will yet be famous ple, and there let them boat me over to the Bank. * • Master Shallow,' returned Evans, I shall tell you in England till a far distant age, and I'll make it so !'

shall little John here, and our Cotswold champion, what is now come into my prain,--and pless us! goot " • It must be by a far different course of life from this, e down the Strand-lane, and embarque me at Mil- Saint Chiles! how it does rain and pluster in the dark then; else perchance even I may live to condemn thee for thy

and, lastly, thou and I will go towards Lincoln's efening. Fell, my masters, I do think fe are not so piety neglect of all honest manners; thy despite of all virtuous and then walk to the Temple, where we shall cover as fe ought to have, in s0-by'r Lady! it is a foeful night, counsel. But the storm has now howled itself to rest; I rly and follow our consorts. Will't catch, Master and _'*

leave ye with an assurance that this night's brawling shall DU?-said I well, boys?'

“* • What now, Mandragora ?' cried Falstaff, why be answered; and I leave four of mine apparitors to watch Good, very good, very excellent good!' returned man, keep up thine heart, and here's that will keep out your courses ; more shall immediately follow them from Lor: thou shalt be a Corinthian civilian, the counsel the storm ; send about the flagón, Master Doubletoll; on 'London; and, until they come, ye are prisoners here.'-

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He then departed, and a night of stupid repentance,' as those who may not fully comprehend our correspondent's 'space for the passage of vessels, and the current of Falstaff said, followed a day of gallant enjoyment.' more scientific mode of handling the subject.

river, Mr. L. recommends excavations on the shore, w " Early in the morning the apparitors conducted each

The problem is, two figures being given to add a third, ..

me of them home, and Gascoigne kept his word with all; for

might afterwards be serviceable in lessening the des

to the tunnel to be formed. so as to make the three divisible by 11, without remainder. state of the Company's affairs, Mr. Lunt recommend

In the present unpromin the miller was imprisoned, as his character was notorious; the law.students were fined; Falstaff was suspended by Our correspondent, in his solution, which we have just establishment of an immediate mode of crossing the bis patron; and Evans was macerated by a long penance given, has, very intelligibly, shown how this is to be done; the profits accruing to be given to the present share of fasting. Master Shallow never forgot this adventure ; | but the circumstance to which we wish particularly to draw of the tunnel. He suggests, for this purpose, the run and Shakspeare relates, that fifty-five years afterwards, the attention of our readers relates to a peculiarity respect.

out of platforms, from Horsley-Down, sufficiently a when he was an esquire, and a justice of the peace in .

sive to admit of carriages turning, and to a sufficiente Gloucestershire, under King Henry IV.. he said to Fal. 108 toe quotient, which we bave never seen pointed out, of water to permit the plving of suitable vessels to staff, then Sir John, who was levying soldiers in that and which, we may say, we stumbled upon by accident. Iar pier on the Wapping side, a part of the place county,---Do you remember since we lay all night in the It is this :

being moveable, so as to suit the rise or fall of the windmill in St. George's Fields ?'"

Whatever the quotient, consisting of three figures, may

This, Mr. L. considers, would form a inuch more a There is much variety in these volumes ;-German be, if the order of the figures be reversed, the dividend

| able, and less expensive, mode of crossing the riveri legends relieve those of London, and, though out of keep- will also be reversed. We shall give an example or two.

the tunnel, the necessity of which, he thinks, it

supersede. We sincerely hope, however, that, after ing, are indeed a relief. The Paradise of Bears, a legend Suppose the two figures first given to be 35, we must sacrifices already made, the original desigo will ulin of Berne, and Death's Horse, another of the Netherlands, place 2 after the 5, making the dividend 352, which, being be effected. have considerable power. The author's poetry, of which divided by 11, gives, as a quotient, 32. If this dividend he is agreeably profuse, is of a superior order; and, on be inverted, it will be 253, which, being divided by 11,


The other day we called upon a master chimnes the whole, these Tales of an Antiquary may be taken as gives 23, or 32 inverted. Again, if the original number to make some inquiries respecting the machine for an earnest of future excellence in whatever their author be 73, by adding 4 before the 7, we have a dividend 473, ing chimneys. He was not at home; but we had may attempt.

which, divided by 11, makes 43. Invert the dividend and conversation with his dame; in the course of rhite it is 374, which, divided by 11, leaves 34, or 43 inverted.

mentioned a Quaker lady, who wished to have had

ney swept by the machine; upon which she exduits Correspondence.

There are many peculiarities respecting the number 11, Ay, Sir, them there Quakers is terrible for it!"

which we may probably notice at some other opportunity.
-Edit. Kal.

Co Correspondents. The following singular circumstance has been commu.

SUPPLEMENTAL NUMBER_Weintend, next week, to 11 nicated to us by a most respectable and intelligent corre.


our readers with another supplemental sheet, con spondent. The result of his experiment will furnish our


much interesting matter, including, as we expect philosophical readers with ample room for speculation.

description of Beeston Castle, the appearance of

has been postponed on account of the indispositing TO THE EDITOR.

artist who had undertaken to engrave the vignette Sir,-During the late severe weather, a snow-ball,

Don JUAN BURLESQUED.We shall adopt the suggests weighing five ounces and a balf, was melted ; and, on

A Constant Reader, by giving this whimsical platea placing the water in the scales, it appeared to be heavier



in our next. than the snow was.


This circumstance was a sufficient

plemental sheet, next week, will enable us to camp inducement to make an accurate experiment, the result

CYIZ 611

& wish, which has frequently been expressed, 12 of which corresponded with the fact that had given rise to


should republish the whimsical examination by it.-A tin vessel, four inches square and four deep, was


IET izled with snow, compressed into as solid a mass as prac

Week, the insertion of the article on this sube

we last week promised. No further delays, ticable, and then weighed with extreme care. When

account, occur. melted, the water was found to exceed the weight of the


LETTERS OF A TRAVELLER. The continuation of this snow twenty-five grains, and to take up only one-half of

series has been received, and should have been in the space which the latter had occupied. The following


this day's Kaleidoscope, if we had not been at a los is a correct statement of the particulars :

hall be put in type, for Inches. Sqr. In. Grains. Ib. 08. grs.


tion in our next; and, if Lares will take the trouble Snow ....4X4X4=64......7922 = 1 2 47 ) Increase,

for a proof slip, on Wednesday evening, the ambitious Water....4X 4X2=32 .....7947 =1879 | 25 grains.

sage shall be marked, for his revision. Lare F. A gentleman has shown us a curious little cross, about From this experiment, it is evident, that, after a heavy lan inch and a half in height, made of a metal which easily | Fourth ANNUAL REPORT OF THE LIVERPOOL MEO

small packet waiting for him at the usual place. fall of snow, no time ought to be lost in removing it from takes a polish, and, when polished, has much the resem. APPRENTICES' LIBRARY.Our supplemental shett, the tops of houses, since it will produce its own weight of

APPRENTICE gnt of blance of gold. It has an inscription on the front, and week, will give us the opportunity of complu water: and when it is considered that ten pounds' weight is equal to one gallon, some idea nay be formed of the also one upon the back, composed of characters which are request of several friends, who wish to see this later

report transferred to the pages of the Kaleidong quantity which rests on a roof whose dimensions are con. | apparently of Greek original, but many of the letters are

cument for future reference, and of immediate are con imperfect, and others appear only as a blur manifestly by GOODRICH CASTLR, which is given entire in our present siderable.-Yours, &c. Bebruary 20, 1828. age.

cation, interesting as it is in itsell, is become the The letters which are in relief, and defended by a blue coloured enamel, are something smaller on the arly so, on account of the recent melancholy tas cross itself than our sketch represents them, and have an

Neele, the talented author of the Romance of Hisie TO THE EDITOR

unfortunate gentleman, last week, in a temporan affinity to the Sclavonian, which, according to several SIR,—The reason of any number so constituted being authorities, is the immediate parent of the Polish, Lithu.

rangement, committed suicide, as related in a

papers. If we can meet with any good memolta a multiple of 11, and, consequently, divisible by 11, may anian, Bohemian, Vandalian, Croatian, Russian, Carvish, shall copy it into the Kaleidoscope. be thus explained :

Dalmatian, Lusatian, Moldavian, and many other lan. TALES OF AN ANTIQUARYThe coplous specimen Let the figure in the place of the tens be represented by guages. Should the annexed rough sketch, cut in wood,

clever work will, we have no doubt, prove accept the letter t : the figure in the unit's place by the letter 2. afford a clue by which any of our learned aytiquarian cor.

our readers, if we may judge from the pleasure is

has afforded ourselves. Then the first figure will be properly expressed by tu. respondents can make out the sense, we should feel obliged This first figure being one hundred times its apparent value, by being favoured with a translation.

The Lines addressed to a friend. by a Constant Result

appear in our next, if we can decipler the whole will be 100 times t, minus 100 times 4: the second figure

LIPE OF COLUMBUS_We are persuaded that we can being ten times its apparent value, will be 10 times u: the


tify our readers more than by continuing our sa last figure being simply once u, the amount of the whole Mr. Thomas Lunt, of Chester, has addressed a letter to from Mr. Irving's new memoir of Columbus. number will be 100 times t X 10 times t-that is, 110 times.

the Directors of the Thames Tunnel Company, containing * remarks on the tunnel, and suggesting an improved mode

MUSIC. The musical benne bouche. for which we 1, minus 99 times 14 ; which is, obviously, divisible by 11, of crossing the river Thames. The method recommended


Immediately attended to and gives 10 times t, minus 9 times u. Thus: 473 divided by Mr. Lunt to obviate the disadvantages arising from

cellent in its way...We have several other music

munications, which shall be appropriated in du by 11, gives 10 times 7, minus 9 times 3,=43: 374 din the depth of the tunnel, is very ingenious, but is itself vided by 11, gives 10 times 7, minus 9 times 4, = 34. liable to some obiections: amongst others. it might be in. MR. BROGHAM's SPEECH ON THE LAW.We us :

jured by the dropping of anchors. " I should have pro address a note to E. H. G. F. relative to his sucrets * We last week stated that we had something to add posed,” says Mr. Lunt, “ to enclose, by a semicircle of We have further to acknowledge the cominantes

substantial piling, half the width of the river ; empty the H. H.S A to the communication of our correspondent Philarithmus,

Friend. | enclosed part, and form a tunnel of adequate area, and and we now resume the subject, merely to put our own water-tight, which would only require to be of such depth | Printed, published, and sold, cuery Tucsday, view of it in the simplest manner, so as to be obvious to as to allow vessels to pass over." To gain the requisite! and Co., Clarendon-buildings, Lord-street.

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The Philanthropist. sixteen shillings. We beg also to call the attention the proprietors to whom they are articled, only according

of the public to the other works issued from our to their capacity for improving the breed of human stock. NEGRO SLAVERY.

Slares of European descent are, at the Cape, more valuable office, and advertised in another part of this day's

than others, therefore this intercourse is encouraged, and isome months we have been regularly favoured Kaleidoscope.Edit. Kal.

the fruits of it are turned to very profitable account. The

introduction of free labourers, under the present system, the numbers of the Anti-Slavery Monthly Reporter, THE DEMORALIZING INFLUENCE OF SLAVERY.

or to such a limited extent, is more likely to perpetuate 10st interesting and valuable publication, written

The Anti-Slavery Reporter for January contains many | slavery than remove it. com piled with the humane design of mitigating, striking facts, illustrative of the demoralizing effects of At Cape Town, handsome mulatto, and even white inally, extirpating the traffic and property in slavery upon all who come within the sphere of its in- slaves are numerous, and the majority of these are trained in beings. We have, from time to time, inserted

fluence. These are, aptly enough, introduced by a brief, / to prostitution from their childhood ; morality in a female but able, dissertation upon the love of power inherent in

slave, is a very inconvenient quality, but it is one which sting extracts from this work in the Mercury ;

I man, and his proneness to abuse it, in the absence of pro- is seldom possessed. We will not comment upon such pe regret that we have not been enabled to do so per checks, more especially when the subject of it is his depravity as this; it speaks for itself. quently as we have wisbed, or as the import- fellow-creature ; for, anomalous as it may appear, the It is not to be wondered at that beings, towards whom so

little sympathy is shown while living, should, by their of the subject demanded. In a newspaper

petty tyrani,
"Dressed in a little brief authority,"

death, excite no other feeling in the breasts of their in. are so many objects claiming the attention of inflicts Toprietor, and such a diversity of tastes to con- what colour, or nation, endowed with the same privileges | lation that it is attended with the loss of the sum which bat documents of permanent importance, are

as himself, and brought into the world for the same this human merchandise might have produced in the

great end, -punishment from which he exempts the brute market. times, 'almost necessarily, passed by, in order to

animals in his service. “Man is a tyrant to the inferior. The concluding paragraph of the report speaks volumes, way for parliamentary debates ; news, foreign animals, it is true; but unrestrained by law, he becomes and we shall, therefore, transcribe it. domestic; marriages, deaths, ship news, adver- a wolf to man.” It is lamentable, too, to reflect that per- “Few Englishmen come to the Cape who are not, in ments, and other matter, which, whether very in- sons arriving, with hearts not yet callous to the touch of the first instance, shocked at the sight of the evils of

humanity, at a place where slavery exists, soon become slavery. There is something, however, so insidious in its sting or not, are expected in the columns of a

" blind to the evils of the system, and often practise nature, and so congenial also to certain dispositions of fic newspaper.

themselves those enormities which once filled them with mind, that this repugnance is, in general, speedily overer, it has been suggested / horror. Of this some curious instances are adduced, one come; and, as a last proof of its demoralizing effects, I that we could promote the benevolent views of which we shall briefly notice. A Portuguese captain shall only add to the facts already stated, that I have

engaged in the slave trade wooed an amiable and accom. | never met with any class of men in that colony, so much "publishers of the Anti-Slavery Reporter, by means

plished young lady, who would only accept him on con intoxicated with the love of this baneful system, so enraged te Kaleidoscope, which has a very n ide, perma

| dition that he would give up the nefarious traffic in which against every one who condemos it, so loud in their exeand most reputable circulation; and as, upon he was engaged: this he agreed to do. After marriage, crations of the abolition of the slave trade, or so anxious iry, we find that the Anti-Slavery Reporter is not

however, she went to sea with bim: habit made her fond to have it revived in all its former extent, as many of

of a naval life, and, soon afterwards, also reconciled her the natives of our own free country.” ished with a view to profit, but is gratuitously

to the horrors of the slave trade. After several years'' Despite of all that has been done and said upon the d, we presume that, in transferring its contents, successful traffic, they settled at Mozambique, and she subject, no substantial mitigation of the evils of slavery sample selection from them, to the Kaleidoscope, who was once sensitively alive to the sufferings of the has taken place; still less has any progress been made - hall be promoting, rather than interfering with,

| slaves, regulated the whole of her husband's slave esta. / towards its extinction. This foul blot still remains upon

blishment; inquired into every offence committed by the scutcheon of England, and it is high time that the views of the excellent persons who superintend

them, pronounced sentence, and stood by to see them public voice should, loudly and unanimously, demand of Reporter. Under this persuasion, therefore, con-punished! This sickening detail, and others of a similar the legislature that it may be removed. led by inquiries from some most respectable, in character are given on unquestionable authority. gent, and amiable individuals, we, this day, | The settlement at the Cape of Good Hope affords the

The Traveller. 'I materials for the melancholy picture drawn of the cruelty, oduce into our work, in the most conspicuous depravity, and debasement consequent upon the slave sys.

(ORIGINAL.) mer, and under the head Philanthropist, the fol- tem. It has been assumed that the emigration of British inz abridgment of the Anti-Slavery Reporter for settlers to that colony, which took place in 1820, will have

LETTERS OF A TRAVELLER. mary; and we take this opportunity of remind

a tendency to modify, and, finally, extirpate slave labour;

but there seems no probability that such will be the re- Now, my good friend, take out your chart, place your the public, that our work may be regularly had sult. The free labourers only form about one-twentieth compasses in latitude 41 20 south, and longitude 20 east, ugh the London booksellers, or from any of the part of the working population ; they are, moreover, ex and there you will find us outward bound to Calcutta. Derous agents specified in the list at the head posed to such hardships and temptations that they fre. I think I see you mark the situation, and, with an in

quently have recourse to habitual intoxication,-engage ward ejaculation, you snuff your candle, draw your wellhis page; through whom also may be procured quently

in promiscuous intercourse with the female slaves, or for stuffed arm.chair a little nearer to the fire, and give it an I, II, III, IV, V, VI, and VII, of the Kaleidoscope, a permanent connexion with one; and thus they debase extra stir. I would fain be at the other side of your oards, with titles and copious indexes, price, each, themselves to the level of the slaves, and are valued by hearth-rug, with the comfortable steam of your best Bohea


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